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  1. Content type: Research article

    Phosphate is a fundamental nutrient for all creatures. It is thus not surprising that a single bacterium carries different transport systems for this molecule, each usually operating under different environmen...

    Authors: Raffaele Stasi, Henrique Iglesias Neves and Beny Spira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:79

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Pythium insidiosum is a member of the oomycetes class of aquatic fungus-like microorganisms. It can infect humans and animals through skin wounds and the eyes, causing pythiosis, an infectious disease with high m...

    Authors: Kittiya Wittayapipath, Saline Laolit, Chavi Yenjai, Sirinart Chio-Srichan, Maitree Pakarasang, Ratree Tavichakorntrakool and Chularut Prariyachatigul

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:78

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Water quality in the drinking water system (DWS) plays an important role in the general health and performance of broiler chickens. Conditions in the DWS of broilers are ideal for microbial biofilm formation. ...

    Authors: Sharon Maes, Thijs Vackier, Son Nguyen Huu, Marc Heyndrickx, Hans Steenackers, Imca Sampers, Katleen Raes, Alex Verplaetse and Koen De Reu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:77

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Phenotypic fluoroquinolone resistance was first reported in Western Kenya in 2009 and later in Coastal Kenya and Nairobi. Until recently gonococcal fluoroquinolone resistance mechanisms in Kenya had not been e...

    Authors: Mary Wandia Kivata, Margaret Mbuchi, Fredrick Lunyagi Eyase, Wallace Dimbuson Bulimo, Cecilia Katunge Kyanya, Valerie Oundo, Simon Wachira Muriithi, Ben Andagalu, Wilton Mwema Mbinda, Olusegun O. Soge, R. Scott McClelland, Willy Sang and James D. Mancuso

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:76

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The potential of next-generation sequencing (NGS) for hypothesis-free pathogen diagnosis from (poly-)microbially contaminated, formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded tissue samples from patients with invasive funga...

    Authors: Hagen Frickmann, Carsten Künne, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Andreas Podbielski, Jana Normann, Sven Poppert, Mario Looso and Bernd Kreikemeyer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:75

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Subunits of ribosomal RNA genes (rDNAs) characterized by PCR-based protocols have been the proxy for studies in microbial taxonomy, phylogenetics, evolution and ecology. However, relevant factors have shown to...

    Authors: Hellen Ribeiro Martins dos Santos, Caio Suzart Argolo, Ronaldo Costa Argôlo-Filho and Leandro Lopes Loguercio

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:74

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Skin infections, particularly caused by drug-resistant pathogens, represent a clinical challenge due to being a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to examine if low co...

    Authors: Vitalij Novickij, Eglė Lastauskienė, Gediminas Staigvila, Irutė Girkontaitė, Auksė Zinkevičienė, Jurgita Švedienė, Algimantas Paškevičius, Svetlana Markovskaja and Jurij Novickij

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:73

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Aeromonas hydrophila is an opportunistic pathogen of poikilothermic and homoeothermic animals, including humans. In the present study, we described the role of Alanine racemase (alr-2) in the virulence of A. hydr...

    Authors: Dong Liu, Ting Zhang, Yaping Wang, Murtala Muhammad, Wen Xue, Jiansong Ju and Baohua Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:72

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The use of chemical fungicides against fungal pathogens adversely affects soil and plant health thereby resulting in overall environmental hazards. Therefore, biological source for obtaining antifungal agents ...

    Authors: Dibya Jyoti Hazarika, Gunajit Goswami, Trishnamoni Gautom, Assma Parveen, Pompi Das, Madhumita Barooah and Robin Chandra Boro

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:71

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen that causes serious nosocomial infection in intensive care units. In particular, carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) strains have been increasing in the p...

    Authors: Jongsoo Jeon, Jong-Hwan Park and Dongeun Yong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:70

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The opportunistic pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is well known for its environmental and metabolic versatility, yet many of the functions of its gene-products remain to be fully elucidated. This study’s objecti...

    Authors: Bradley W. Wright, Karthik S. Kamath, Christoph Krisp and Mark P. Molloy

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:69

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Thermal regulation of gene expression occurs in many microorganisms, and is mediated via several typical mechanisms. Yersinia pestis is the causative agent of the plague and spreads by zoonotic transfer from flea...

    Authors: Abdulmajeed D. Al-Jawdah, Iglika G. Ivanova, Helen Waller, Neil D. Perkins, Jeremy H. Lakey and Daniel T. Peters

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:68

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  13. Content type: Methodology article

    Neisseria gonorrhoeae is an obligate human pathogen and its adherence to host cells is essential for its pathogenesis. Gonococcal adherence assays are based on the enumeration of bacteria attached to human cells ...

    Authors: Sidharath Dev Thakur, Milan Obradovic, Jo-Anne R. Dillon, Siew Hon Ng and Heather L. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:67

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Structured noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) play essential roles in many biological processes such as gene regulation, signaling, RNA processing, and protein synthesis. Among the most common groups of ncRNAs in bacteri...

    Authors: Shira Stav, Ruben M. Atilho, Gayan Mirihana Arachchilage, Giahoa Nguyen, Gadareth Higgs and Ronald R. Breaker

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:66

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  15. Content type: Methodology article

    Quantification of viable microorganisms is an important step in microbiological research as well as in microbial product formulation to develop biological control products or probiotics. Often, the efficiency ...

    Authors: Johanna Nykyri, Anke M. Herrmann and Sebastian Håkansson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:65

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is an etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB). Tuberculosis is a mounting problem worldwide. The only available vaccine BCG protects the childhood but not adulthood form of TB. The...

    Authors: Gurpreet Kaur, Atul Munish Chander, Gurwinder Kaur, Sudeep Kumar Maurya, Sajid Nadeem, Rakesh Kochhar, Sanjay Kumar Bhadada, Javed N. Agrewala and Shanmugam Mayilraj

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:64

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can be considered as viable alternatives for food safety and quality, once these peptides present antimicrobial activity against foodborne pathogens and spoi...

    Authors: Nathália Parma Augusto Castilho, Monique Colombo, Leandro Licursi de Oliveira, Svetoslav Dimitrov Todorov and Luís Augusto Nero

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:63

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous in nature and recognized agents of opportunistic infection, which is often aggravated by their intrinsic resistance to antimicrobials, poorly defined therapeuti...

    Authors: Sónia Gonçalves Pereira, Susana Alarico, Igor Tiago, Diogo Reis, Daniela Nunes-Costa, Olga Cardoso, Ana Maranha and Nuno Empadinhas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:62

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Fluoroquinolone resistance and ESBL-production are concurrently found in a limited number of Salmonella serotypes. The present study was aimed to characterize fluoroquinolone-resistant and ESBL-producing Salmonel...

    Authors: Zhaojun Xu, Qifa Song, Chunhua Li and Yefei Zhan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:61

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The recent description of the first plasmid-mediated colistin-resistant gene mcr-1, conferring transferable and low-level resistance to colistin, raised concern about the need to implement a rapid and reliable sc...

    Authors: Lucie Bardet, Liliane Okdah, Stéphanie Le Page, Sophie Alexandra Baron and Jean-Marc Rolain

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:60

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Extended-spectrum cephalosporin resistance (ESC-R) in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae is a healthcare threat; high gastrointestinal carriage rates are reported from South-east Asia. Colonisation preval...

    Authors: J. J. van Aartsen, C. E. Moore, C. M. Parry, P. Turner, N. Phot, S. Mao, K. Suy, T. Davies, A. Giess, A. E. Sheppard, T. E. A. Peto, N. P. J. Day, D. W. Crook, A. S. Walker and N. Stoesser

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:59

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis, a microorganism residing in the oral cavity within complex multispecies biofilms, is one of the keystone pathogens in the onset and progression of periodontitis. In this in vitro study, ...

    Authors: María C. Sánchez, Patricia Romero-Lastra, Honorato Ribeiro-Vidal, Arancha Llama-Palacios, Elena Figuero, David Herrera and Mariano Sanz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:58

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  23. Content type: Research article

    A majority of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have metabolic dysfunction that results in an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. We previously developed a pubertal mouse model using the aromatase inh...

    Authors: Pedro J. Torres, Danalea V. Skarra, Bryan S. Ho, Lillian Sau, Arya R. Anvar, Scott T. Kelley and Varykina G. Thackray

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:57

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Edwardsiella ictaluri is a Gram-negative facultative intracellular anaerobe and the etiologic agent of enteric septicemia of channel catfish (ESC). To the catfish industry, ESC is a devastating disease due to pro...

    Authors: Safak Kalindamar, Jingjun Lu, Hossam Abdelhamed, Hasan C. Tekedar, Mark L. Lawrence and Attila Karsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:55

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa are becoming difficult to treat with antibiotics whereas Cationic Antimicrobial Peptides (CAMPs) represent promising alte...

    Authors: Regina Geitani, Carole Ayoub Moubareck, Lhousseine Touqui and Dolla Karam Sarkis

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:54

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  26. Content type: Research article

    With the current rise of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, it is important to monitor the efficacy of antimicrobials in clinical use. Paeniclostridium sordellii (previously Clostridium sordellii) is a bacterial ...

    Authors: Callum J. Vidor, Dieter Bulach, Milena Awad and Dena Lyras

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:53

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a common cause of death in preterm infants and is closely linked to the gut microbiota. Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) also occurs in preterm neonates, but results ...

    Authors: Christopher J. Stewart, Roxana Fatemizadeh, Pamela Parsons, Christopher A. Lamb, Deborah A. Shady, Joseph F. Petrosino and Amy B. Hair

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:52

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Colonization by livestock-associated MRSA (LA-MRSA) has increasingly been reported in the swine population worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MRSA nasal carriage in healthy pigs, ...

    Authors: Mattia Pirolo, Angela Gioffrè, Daniela Visaggio, Monica Gherardi, Grazia Pavia, Pasquale Samele, Lucia Ciambrone, Rossella Di Natale, Giovanna Spatari, Francesco Casalinuovo and Paolo Visca

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:51

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Drought and its resulting oxidative damage are the major yield limiting factors for crops in arid and semi-arid regions. Recent studies have found that endophytic fungi coexisting in plants can alleviate bioti...

    Authors: Wanggege Qin, Chengxiong Liu, Wei Jiang, Yanhong Xue, Guangxi Wang and Shiping Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:50

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacteria are famous for the production of unique secondary metabolites that help in controlling the continuously emerging drug resistance all over the globe. This study aimed at the investigation of an e...

    Authors: Adeela Fatima, Usman Aftab, Khaled A. Shaaban, Jon S. Thorson and Imran Sajid

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:49

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Enterococcus hirae is considered a part of the normal intestinal biota of several domestic animals, including poultry. However, this species is also associated with infective endocarditis in chickens, a disease t...

    Authors: Beata Dolka, Agata Anna Cisek and Piotr Szeleszczuk

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:48

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Bird species worldwide are affected by trichomoniasis caused by the protist Trichomonas gallinae. In avivorous raptors such as Cooper’s hawks (Accipiter cooperii), nestlings are more susceptible than fledglings a...

    Authors: Michael J. Taylor, R. William Mannan, Jana M. U’Ren, Nicholas P. Garber, Rachel E. Gallery and A. Elizabeth Arnold

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:47

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Insects frequently live in close relationship with symbiotic bacteria that carry out beneficial functions for their host, like protection against parasites and viruses. However, in some cases, the mutualistic ...

    Authors: Mario Gonzalo Garcia-Arraez, Florent Masson, Juan Camilo Paredes Escobar and Bruno Lemaitre

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:46

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa Sequence Type 235 is a clone that possesses an extraordinary ability to acquire mobile genetic elements and has been associated with the spread of resistance genes, including genes that enc...

    Authors: Deisy Abril, Ricaurte Alejandro Marquez-Ortiz, Betsy Castro-Cardozo, José Ignacio Moncayo-Ortiz, Narda María Olarte Escobar, Zayda Lorena Corredor Rozo, Niradiz Reyes, Catalina Tovar, Héctor Fabio Sánchez, Jaime Castellanos, Yina Marcela Guaca-González, Carmen Elisa Llanos-Uribe, Natasha Vanegas Gómez and Javier Escobar-Pérez

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:45

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The increased rate of resistance among two highly concerned pathogens i.e. methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) necessitates the discovery of novel anti-M...

    Authors: Manish Sharma and Rajesh Kumari Manhas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:44

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Rodentibacter (R.) pneumotropicus colonizes the respiratory and urogenital tracts of laboratory mice with a reported moderate serological prevalence from 4 to 13%. Thus, regular tests to identify this pathogen in...

    Authors: Felix Fingas, Daniela Volke, Rayk Hassert, Juliane Fornefett, Sophie Funk, Christoph Georg Baums and Ralf Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:43

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative complications are of great relevance in daily clinical practice, and the gut microbiome might play an important role by preventing pathogens from crossing the intestinal barrier. The two aims of ...

    Authors: Felix C. F. Schmitt, Thorsten Brenner, Florian Uhle, Svenja Loesch, Thilo Hackert, Alexis Ulrich, Stefan Hofer, Alexander H. Dalpke, Markus A. Weigand and Sébastien Boutin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:42

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The group of the so-called obligate hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria (OHCB) are marine microorganisms affiliated with the genera Alcanivorax, Cycloclasticus, Oleiphilus and Thalassolituus. This small group plays a ma...

    Authors: Samir S. Radwan, Majida M. Khanafer and Husain A. Al-Awadhi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:41

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  39. Content type: Research article

    As an environmental pollutant, 4-hydroxyphenylacetate (4-HPA) was a product of softwood lignin decomposition and was found in industrial effluents from olive oil production. Sulfobacillus acidophilus TPY was a mo...

    Authors: Wenbin Guo, Wengen Zhou, Hongbo Zhou and Xinhua Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:40

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacillus spp. predominantly shows its presence as a normal mucosal flora of the mouth and intestine. Therefore, the objective of our research is to investigate the in-vitro conditions for the prospective of ...

    Authors: Surekha K. Satpute, Nishigandha S. Mone, Parijat Das, Ibrahim M. Banat and Arun G. Banpurkar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:39

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Colon cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide, with a commensurately high mortality rate. The search for novel antioxidants and specific anticancer agents which may inhibit, delay or rever...

    Authors: Loh Teng-Hern Tan, Kok-Gan Chan, Priyia Pusparajah, Wai-Fong Yin, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Learn-Han Lee and Bey-Hing Goh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:38

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  42. Content type: Research article

    This study provides biochemical and molecular genetic characteristics of P. multocida isolated from dead saigas in 1988, 2010–2015 on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

    Authors: Mukhit Orynbayev, Kulyaisan Sultankulova, Abylay Sansyzbay, Rashida Rystayeva, Kamshat Shorayeva, Aidar Namet, Sasan Fereidouni, Gulnaz Ilgekbayeva, Kainar Barakbayev, Syrym Kopeyev and Richard Kock

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:37

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  43. Content type: Methodology article

    A major facilitator superfamily transporter Dehp2 was recently shown to be playing an important role in transport and biodegradation of haloacids in Paraburkholderia caribensis MBA4, and Dehp2 is phylogenetically...

    Authors: Xianbin Su, Yi Shi, Ruihong Li, Zhao-Ning Lu, Xin Zou, Jiao-Xiang Wu and Ze-Guang Han

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:36

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The indolizidine alkaloid-swainsonine is produced by an endophytic fungus Alternaria oxytropis, which was isolated from locoweeds. Swainsonine has many biological activities such as anti-tumorigenic, anti-viral a...

    Authors: Runjie Song, Jinglong Wang, Lu Sun, Yajing Zhang, Zhenghui Ren, Baoyu Zhao and Hao Lu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:35

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Single stranded ribonucleic acid (ssRNA) binds to toll-like receptor (TLR)7 leading to recruitment of immune cells and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which has been shown in mammals. In chickens, sy...

    Authors: Mohamed Sarjoon Abdul-Cader, Upasama De Silva Senapathi, Hanaa Ahmed-Hassan, Shayan Sharif and Mohamed Faizal Abdul-Careem

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:34

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacillus mucosae DPC 6426 has previously demonstrated potentially cardio-protective properties, in the form of dyslipidaemia and hypercholesterolemia correction in an apolipoprotein-E deficient mouse model. ...

    Authors: Paul M. Ryan, Ellen H. Stolte, Lis E. E. London, Jerry M. Wells, Sarah L. Long, Susan A. Joyce, Cormac G. M. Gahan, Gerald F. Fitzgerald, R. Paul Ross, Noel M. Caplice and Catherine Stanton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:33

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Leishmania (L.) spp are intracellular eukaryotic parasites responsible for cutaneous or visceral leishmaniasis, replicating predominantly in macrophages (MF). In C57BL/6 mice virulence with L. amazonensis has bee...

    Authors: Emilie Giraud, Eline Rouault, Laurence Fiette, Jean-Hervé Colle, Despoina Smirlis and Evie Melanitou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:32

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  48. Content type: Methodology article

    Ornithobacterium (O.) rhinotracheale is an emerging bacterial pathogen in poultry and not fully understood to date. Because of its importance particularly for the global turkey meat industry, reliable diagnostic ...

    Authors: Inês M. B. Veiga, Dörte Lüschow, Stefanie Gutzer, Hafez M. Hafez and Kristin Mühldorfer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:31

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Essential Oils (EO) are complex mixtures of plant secondary metabolites that have been proposed as promising feed additives for mitigating methane and ammonia emissions. We have previously demonstrated that Es...

    Authors: Zhaomin Lei, Ke Zhang, Chao Li, Ting Jiao, Jianping Wu, Yubing Wei, Kechuan Tian, Chong Li, Defu Tang, Delmer I. Davis, David P. Casper, Hui Jiang, Xiaolong Wang and Jianfu Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:30

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