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  1. Content type: Research article

    The broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forest is an important and typical component of a global temperate forest. Soil microbes are the main driver of biogeochemical cycling in this forest ecosystem and have compl...

    Authors: Minghui Liu, Xin Sui, Yanbo Hu and Fujuan Feng

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:218

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  2. Content type: Research article

    This study is based on data collected to investigate the relation of peri-parturient events (colostrum quality, passive transfer of immunity, calving difficulty) on calf health and antimicrobial use. A compone...

    Authors: Josephine A. Afema, Margaret A. Davis and William M. Sischo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:217

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cellulose is synthesized by an array of bacterial species. Komagataeibacter xylinus is the best characterized as it produces copious amounts of the polymer extracellularly. Despite many advances in the past decad...

    Authors: Luis Salgado, Silvia Blank, Reza Alipour Moghadam Esfahani, Janice L. Strap and Dario Bonetta

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:216

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Cattle have been identified as a major reservoir of E. coli O157:H7 for human infection; the ecology of the organism in sheep and goats is less understood. This study was carried out to determine prevalence, sour...

    Authors: Solomon Abreham, Akafete Teklu, Eric Cox and Tesfaye Sisay Tessema

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:215

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  5. Content type: Methodology article

    Characterization of the skin and wound microbiome is of high biomedical interest, but is hampered by the low biomass of typical samples. While sample preparation from other microbiomes (e.g., gut) has been the...

    Authors: Samuel Verbanic, Colin Y. Kim, John M. Deacon and Irene A. Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:214

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are emerging foodborne pathogens that are public health concern. Cattle have been identified as the major STEC reservoir. In the present study, we investigated the pr...

    Authors: Ruyue Fan, Kun Shao, Xi Yang, Xiangning Bai, Shanshan Fu, Hui Sun, Yanmei Xu, Hong Wang, Qun Li, Bin Hu, Ji Zhang and Yanwen Xiong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:213

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Several serious vegetable-associated outbreaks of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections have occurred during the last decades. In this context, vegetables have been suggested to function as seconda...

    Authors: Thorsten Bufe, André Hennig, Jochen Klumpp, Agnes Weiss, Kay Nieselt and Herbert Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:212

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a common food-borne pathogen. S. enterica uses a type III secretion system encoded within Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1) to invade intestinal epithelial cells...

    Authors: Selwan Hamed, Xiaoyi Wang, Riham M. Shawky, Mohamed Emara, Philip D. Aldridge and Christopher V. Rao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:211

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Efflux pump mediated antibiotic resistance is an unnoticed and undetected mechanism in clinical microbiology laboratory. RND efflux systems are known for aminoglycoside and tetracycline resistance whereas thei...

    Authors: Shiela Chetri, Deepshikha Bhowmik, Deepjyoti Paul, Piyush Pandey, Debadatta Dhar Chanda, Atanu Chakravarty, Debajyoti Bora and Amitabha Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:210

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The primary and secondary metabolites of fungi are critical for adaptation to environmental stresses, host pathogenicity, competition with other microbes, and reproductive fitness. Drought-derived reactive oxy...

    Authors: Jake C. Fountain, Liming Yang, Manish K. Pandey, Prasad Bajaj, Danny Alexander, Sixue Chen, Robert C. Kemerait, Rajeev K. Varshney and Baozhu Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:209

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Ustilago esculenta, a typical dimorphic fungus could infect Zizania latifolia and induce host stem swollen to form an edible vegetable called Jiaobai in China. The strains differentiation especially in the mating...

    Authors: Yafen Zhang, Min Wu, Qianwen Ge, Mengfei Yang, Wenqiang Xia, Haifeng Cui, Xiaoping Yu, Shangfa Zhang and Zihong Ye

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:208

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The decomposition of Microcystis can dramatically change the physicochemical properties of freshwater ecosystems. Bacteria play an important role in decomposing organic matters and accelerating the cycling of mat...

    Authors: Shuren Wang, Dayong Zhao, Jin Zeng, Huimin Xu, Rui Huang, Congcong Jiao and Lin Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:207

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  13. Content type: Methodology article

    Little is known about how bacterial endosymbionts colonize host tissues. Because many insect endosymbionts are maternally transmitted, egg colonization is critical for endosymbiont success. Wolbachia bacteria, ca...

    Authors: Steen Christensen, Moises Camacho, Zinat Sharmin, A. J. M. Zehadee Momtaz, Laura Perez, Giselle Navarro, Jairo Triana, Hani Samarah, Michael Turelli and Laura R. Serbus

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:206

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cross-resistance, a phenomenon that a pathogen resists to one antimicrobial compound also resists to one or several other compounds, is one of major threats to human health and sustainable food production. It ...

    Authors: Li-Na Yang, Meng-Han He, Hai-Bing Ouyang, Wen Zhu, Zhe-Chao Pan, Qi-Jun Sui, Li-Ping Shang and Jiasui Zhan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:205

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Escherichia coli has found to be the predominant uropathogen (50–90%) in uncomplicated, community acquired urinary tract infection (UTI). Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) express a multitude of virulence fac...

    Authors: Chhaya Shah, Ratna Baral, Bijay Bartaula and Lok Bahadur Shrestha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:204

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Tree shrew is a novel laboratory animal with specific characters for human disease researches in recent years. However, little is known about its characteristics of gut microbial community and intestinal comme...

    Authors: Wenpeng Gu, Pinfen Tong, Chenxiu Liu, Wenguang Wang, Caixia Lu, Yuanyuan Han, Xiaomei Sun, De Xuan Kuang, Na Li and Jiejie Dai

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:203

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella has been considered as one of the most important foodborne pathogens that threatened breeding industry and public health. To investigate the prevalence and characterization of Salmonella isolated from ...

    Authors: Jie Yang, Zijing Ju, Yi Yang, Xiaonan Zhao, Zhiyu Jiang and Shuhong Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:202

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Plants have evolved intimate interactions with soil microbes for a range of beneficial functions including nutrient acquisition, pathogen resistance and stress tolerance. Further understanding of this system i...

    Authors: Fang Liu, Tarek Hewezi, Sarah L. Lebeis, Vince Pantalone, Parwinder S. Grewal and Margaret E. Staton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:201

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Tannerella forsythia is a Gram-negative oral pathogen. Together with Porphyromonas gingivalis and Treponema denticola it constitutes the “red complex” of bacteria, which is crucially associated with periodontitis...

    Authors: Valentina M. T. Mayer, Isabel Hottmann, Rudolf Figl, Friedrich Altmann, Christoph Mayer and Christina Schäffer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:200

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis is an emerging tick-borne pathogen. It is widely distributed in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Europe, but knowledge of its distribution in Norway, where I. ricinus reaches its norther...

    Authors: Andrew Jenkins, Cecilie Raasok, Benedikte N. Pedersen, Kristine Jensen, Åshild Andreassen, Arnulf Soleng, Kristin Skarsfjord Edgar, Heidi Heggen Lindstedt, Vivian Kjelland, Snorre Stuen, Dag Hvidsten and Bjørn-Erik Kristiansen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:199

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacilli are gatekeepers of vaginal ecosystem impeding growth of pathogenic microbes and their diversity varies across populations worldwide. The present study investigated diversity of human vaginal micro...

    Authors: Sumi Das Purkayastha, Mrinal Kanti Bhattacharya, Himanshu Kishore Prasad, Hrishikesh Upadhyaya, Suparna Das Lala, Kunal Pal, Meenakshi Das, Gauri Dutt Sharma and Maloyjo Joyraj Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:198

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Comparative knowledge of microbiomes and resistomes across environmental interfaces between animal production systems and urban settings is lacking. In this study, we executed a comparative analysis of the mic...

    Authors: Rahat Zaheer, Steven M. Lakin, Rodrigo Ortega Polo, Shaun R. Cook, Francis J. Larney, Paul S. Morley, Calvin W. Booker, Sherry J. Hannon, Gary Van Domselaar, Ron R. Read and Tim A. McAllister

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:197

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Despite the importance of the B. cereus group as major foodborne pathogens that may cause diarrheal and/or emetic syndrome(s), no study in Tunisia has been conducted in order to characterize the pathogenic potent...

    Authors: Maroua Gdoura-Ben Amor, Sophie Jan, Florence Baron, Noël Grosset, Antoine Culot, Radhouane Gdoura, Michel Gautier and Clarisse Techer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:196

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  24. Content type: Research article

    It is widely believed that most xenobiotics cross biomembranes by diffusing through the phospholipid bilayer, and that the use of protein transporters is an occasional adjunct. According to an alternative view...

    Authors: Srijan Jindal, Lei Yang, Philip J. Day and Douglas B. Kell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:195

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The rise of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a global health concern. Paucity of data on MRSA carriage prevalence and diagnostic methods in resource-limited settings hampers efforts to define...

    Authors: A. Ayebare, L. M. Bebell, J. Bazira, S. Ttendo, V. Katawera, D. R. Bangsberg, M. J. Siedner, P. G. Firth and Y. Boum II

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:194

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  26. Content type: Research article

    More than half of the adult population worldwide is overweight or obese, while excess adiposity has been linked to chronic low-grade inflammation, contributing to the development of chronic diseases. Recent st...

    Authors: Su Jeong Kim, Sung-Eun Kim, A-Reum Kim, Saemyi Kang, Mi-Young Park and Mi-Kyung Sung

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:193

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Microbial community and its management are crucial to the stabilization of culture environment for recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). Although several studies have been carried out for the microbial commu...

    Authors: Zhao Chen, Zhiqiang Chang, Long Zhang, Yuli Jiang, Hongxing Ge, Xiefa Song, Shibo Chen, Fazhen Zhao and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:192

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Gut microbiota has been suggested to play a role in stroke patients. Nevertheless, little is known about gut microbiota and the clinical indexes in stroke patients.

    Authors: Na Li, Xingcui Wang, Congcong Sun, Xinwei Wu, Mei Lu, Youfeng Si, Xiang Ye, Tan Wang, Xiaolin Yu, Xinjing Zhao, Na Wei and Xingbang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:191

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  29. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors notified us of an error in the presentation of Fig. 6G.

    Authors: Prashant P. Damke, Rajkumar Dhanaraju, Stéphanie Marsin, J. Pablo Radicella and Desirazu N. Rao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:190

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    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2016 16:14

  30. Content type: Research article

    Human skin is an appropriate environment for the growth of different types of microbes that may inhabit the skin as commensal flora. This study aims at identifying the diversity of skin microbiota in healthy S...

    Authors: Ashwag Shami, Samiah Al-Mijalli, Pisut Pongchaikul, Ahmed Al-Barrag and Samah AbduRahim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:189

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Holobionts comprising nitrogen-fixing diazotrophs and phytoplankton or zooplankton are ubiquitous in the pelagic sea. However, neither the community structure of plankton-associated diazotrophs (PADs) nor thei...

    Authors: Qing-Song Yang, Jun-De Dong, Manzoor Ahmad, Juan Ling, Wei-Guo Zhou, Ye-Hui Tan, Yuan-Zhou Zhang, Dan-Dan Shen and Yan-Ying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:188

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The low bacterial load in samples acquired from the lungs, have made studies on the airway microbiome vulnerable to contamination from bacterial DNA introduced during sampling and laboratory processing. We hav...

    Authors: Christine Drengenes, Harald G. Wiker, Tharmini Kalananthan, Eli Nordeide, Tomas M. L. Eagan and Rune Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:187

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  33. Content type: Methodology article

    Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is a leading cause of food poisoning and is of great importance to public health due to the frequency and seriousness of the diseases. The simple, timely and efficien...

    Authors: Yunyun Geng, Ke Tan, Libing Liu, Xiao Xia Sun, Baohua Zhao and Jianchang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:186

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of early-onset disease (EOD) and late-onset disease (LOD) in infants. We sought to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility profiles, resistance genes, virulence-re...

    Authors: Benqing Wu, Jinzhen Su, Li Li, Weiyuan Wu, Jingsong Wu, Yuemei Lu, Wenqing Li, Jin’e Cheng and Xunhong Liang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:185

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter pylori recurrence after successful eradication is an important problem. Children are particularly vulnerable to reinfection, by intrafamilial transmission which facilitates the acquisition or recombi...

    Authors: Sandra Mendoza-Elizalde, Ana Caren Cortés-Márquez, Gerardo Zuñiga, René Cerritos, Pedro Valencia-Mayoral, Alejandra Consuelo Sánchez, Hector Olivares-Clavijo and Norma Velázquez-Guadarrama

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:184

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Enterocytozoon bieneusi is one of the commonest microsporidians contributing to human microsporidiosis, and is frequently found in animals in various countries. However, there is limited epidemiological informati...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Anson V. Koehler, Tao Wang, David Cunliffe and Robin B. Gasser

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:183

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella enterica is regarded as a major public health threat worldwide. Salmonella secretes the novel translocated effector protein K2 (SseK2), but it is unclear whether this protein plays a significant role i...

    Authors: Xiaojie Zhang, Lei He, Chunjie Zhang, Chuan Yu, Yadong Yang, Yanyan Jia, Xiangchao Cheng, Yinju Li, Chengshui Liao, Jing Li, Zuhua Yu and Fuyu Du

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:182

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The Chinese believe that the meat of pigs reared in the past with free range tastes better than that of the pigs reared indoor on a large scale today. Gastrointestinal microflora is closely associated with the...

    Authors: Keke Qi, Xiaoming Men, Jie Wu and Ziwei Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:181

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  39. Content type: Methodology article

    Early pathogen detection and identification are crucial for an effective and targeted antibiotic therapy in patients suffering from blood stream infection. Molecular diagnostic methods can accelerate pathogen ...

    Authors: Matthias Pilecky, Anita Schildberger, Ludwig Knabl, Dorothea Orth-Höller and Viktoria Weber

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:180

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Key mechanisms of cell division and its regulation are well understood in model bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. In contrast, current knowledge on the regulation of cell division in Actino...

    Authors: Kim Julia Kraxner, Tino Polen, Meike Baumgart and Michael Bott

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:179

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Clarithromycin-resistance is becoming a global health concern in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). The mutant prevention concentration (MPC) represent the propensities of antimicrobial agents to s...

    Authors: Zi-Han Feng, Ling Fan, Jing Yang, Xing-Yue Huo, Yan Guo, Yi Zhang and Chun-Hui Lan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:176

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Over a one year period, swabs of 820 beef carcasses were tested for the presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli by performing Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in a novel technology termed “cassette PCR”...

    Authors: Dammika P. Manage, Jana Lauzon, Christina M. Jones, Patrick J. Ward, Linda M. Pilarski, Patrick M. Pilarski and Lynn M. McMullen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:175

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Food-producing animals, mainly poultry, have been associated with the maintenance and dissemination of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, to huma...

    Authors: Vanessa L. Koga, Renato P. Maluta, Wanderley D. da Silveira, Renan A. Ribeiro, Mariangela Hungria, Eliana C. Vespero, Gerson Nakazato and Renata K. T. Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:174

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Most species of Shewanella harbor two ferrochelatase paralogues for the biosynthesis of c-type cytochromes, which are crucial for their respiratory versatility. In our previous study of the Shewanella loihica PV-...

    Authors: Jingcheng Dai, Yaqi Liu, Shuangyuan Liu, Shuyang Li, Na Gao, Jing Wang, Jizhong Zhou and Dongru Qiu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:173

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Endophytic Fungi (EF) are an underexplored group of microorganisms as only a few plants have been studied with regards to their community. Diversity of EF found in young and old leaves of Enset plant has not b...

    Authors: Nitin M. Chauhan, Abdissa D. Gutama and Afras Aysa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:172

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  46. Content type: Methodology article

    Microbiome composition is frequently studied by the amplification and high-throughput sequencing of specific molecular markers (metabarcoding). Various hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA gene are classicall...

    Authors: Jean-Claude Ogier, Sylvie Pagès, Maxime Galan, Matthieu Barret and Sophie Gaudriault

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:171

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Probiotics play an important role in the human and animal defense against liver damage. However, the protective mechanism of Lactobacillus plantarum C88 on chronic liver injury induced by mycotoxin remains unclea...

    Authors: Li Huang, Zijian Zhao, Cuicui Duan, Chao Wang, Yujuan Zhao, Ge Yang, Lei Gao, Chunhua Niu, Jingbo Xu and Shengyu Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:170

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