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  1. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that two of the author names were incomplete or incorrect.

    Authors: Viviane Sisdelli Assao, Thalita Moreira Scatamburlo, Elaine Nery Araujo, Marcus Rebouças Santos, Carlos Eduardo Real Pereira, Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes, Gustavo Costa Bressan, Juliana Lopes Rangel Fietto, Yung-Fu Chang, Maria Aparecida Scatamburlo Moreira and Abelardo Silva-Júnior

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:258

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2019 19:234

  2. The foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes causes the potentially lethal disease listeriosis. Within food-associated environments, L. monocytogenes can persist for long periods and increase the risk of contami...

    Authors: Alexander J. Taylor and Matthew J. Stasiewicz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:257

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Schizochytrium has been widely used in industry for synthesizing polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). However, unclear biosynthesis pathway of PUFAs inhibits further product...

    Authors: Jun Li, Hao Zhou, Xueshan Pan, Zhipeng Li, Yinghua Lu, Ning He, Tong Meng, Chuanyi Yao, Cuixue Chen and Xueping Ling

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:256

    Content type: Research article

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  4. High temperature requirement A (HtrA) is a widely expressed chaperone and serine protease in bacteria. HtrA proteases assemble and hydrolyze misfolded proteins to enhance bacterial survival under stress condit...

    Authors: Carmen M. Abfalter, Sabine Bernegger, Miroslaw Jarzab, Gernot Posselt, Karthe Ponnuraj and Silja Wessler

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:255

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Gene overlapping is a frequent phenomenon in microbial genomes. Excluding so-called “trivial overlapping”, there are significant implications of such genetic arrangements, including regulation of gene expressi...

    Authors: Paweł Wawrzyniak, Agnieszka Sobolewska-Ruta, Piotr Zaleski, Natalia Łukasiewicz, Paulina Kabaj, Piotr Kierył, Agata Gościk, Anna Bierczyńska-Krzysik, Piotr Baran, Anna Mazurkiewicz-Pisarek, Andrzej Płucienniczak and Dariusz Bartosik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:254

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host, are now accepted as suitable alternatives to antibiotics in the control of animal infections...

    Authors: Rine Christopher Reuben, Pravas Chandra Roy, Shovon Lal Sarkar, Rubayet-Ul Alam and Iqbal Kabir Jahid

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:253

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Quantification of intracellular bacteria is fundamental in many areas of cellular and clinical microbiology to study acute and chronic infections. Therefore, rapid, accurate and low-cost methods represent valu...

    Authors: Meysam Sarshar, Daniela Scribano, Giulia Tranquilli, Marisa Di Pietro, Simone Filardo, Carlo Zagaglia, Rosa Sessa, Anna Teresa Palamara and Cecilia Ambrosi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:252

    Content type: Methodology article

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  8. Numerous prevalence studies of Vibrio spp. infection in fish have been extensively reported worldwide, including Malaysia. Unfortunately, information on the prevalence of Vibrio spp. in groupers (Epinephelus spp....

    Authors: Nor Zulkiply Amalina, Silvaraj Santha, Dzarifah Zulperi, Mohammad Noor Azmai Amal, Mohd Termizi Yusof, Mohd Zamri-Saad and Md Yasin Ina-Salwany

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:251

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This study aimed to evaluate the safety of raw vegetable products present on the German market regarding toxin-producing Bacillus cereus sensu lato (s.l.) group bacteria.

    Authors: Gregor Fiedler, Carmen Schneider, Etinosa O. Igbinosa, Jan Kabisch, Erik Brinks, Biserka Becker, Dominic A. Stoll, Gyu-Sung Cho, Melanie Huch and Charles M. A. P. Franz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:250

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that three of the primer names identified as most promising candidates for fungal community surveys were incorrectly renamed following t...

    Authors: Stefanos Banos, Guillaume Lentendu, Anna Kopf, Tesfaye Wubet, Frank Oliver Glöckner and Marlis Reich

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:249

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2018 18:190

  11. Raw milk, meat and plant materials are subjected to high risks of contamination by various pathogenic bacteria and thus their growth prevention is a great challenge in the food industry. Food fermentation by l...

    Authors: Elizaveta Gavrilova, Elizaveta Anisimova, Alsu Gabdelkhadieva, Elena Nikitina, Adel Vafina, Dina Yarullina, Mikhail Bogachev and Airat Kayumov

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:248

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. There are still a large variety of microorganisms among aquatic animals, especially probiotic lactic acid bacteria in cold water fishes at high latitudes have not been fully developed. Hence, the present study...

    Authors: Xiaojing Wei, Yan Zhang, Hong Zhou, Fengwei Tian and Yongqing Ni

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:247

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. To explore the inhibition mechanism of Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii) on ulcerative colitis (UC) carcinogenesis.

    Authors: Chunsaier Wang, Wenbin Li, Hongying Wang, Yiming Ma, Xinhua Zhao, Xudong Zhang, Hong Yang, Jiaming Qian and Jingnan Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:246

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. The increase and spread of virulent-outbreak associated, methicillin and vancomycin resistant (MRSA/VRSA) Staphylococcus aureus require a better understanding of the resistance and virulence patterns of circulati...

    Authors: Cecilia Kyany’a, Justin Nyasinga, Daniel Matano, Valerie Oundo, Simon Wacira, Willie Sang and Lillian Musila

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:245

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. In light of rampant childhood diarrhoea, this study investigated bacterial pathogens from human and non-human sources in an urban informal settlement.

    Authors: John Bosco Kalule, Anthony M. Smith, Mjikisile Vulindhlu, Nomsa P. Tau, Mark P. Nicol, Karen H. Keddy and Lourens Robberts

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:244

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Cryptococcus neoformans, a basidiomycetous yeast, is a fungal pathogen that can colonize the lungs of humans causing pneumonia and fungal meningitis in severely immunocompromised individuals. Recent studies have ...

    Authors: Nadir Hani Dbouk, Madison Bailey Covington, Kenny Nguyen and Srikripa Chandrasekaran

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Mycoplasma hyorhinis (Mhr) is the etiologic agent of lameness and polyserositis in swine. P37 is a membrane protein of Mhr that may be an important immunogen and is a potential target for diagnostic development. ...

    Authors: Hongzhen Zhu, Yanwu Wei, Liping Huang, Dan Liu, Yongxing Xie, Deli Xia, Haiqiao Bian, Li Feng and Changming Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:242

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important opportunistic pathogens responsible for hospital acquired infections. It displays multi-drug resistance profile and has the ability to colonize surfaces and pe...

    Authors: Renatas Krasauskas, Jūratė Skerniškytė, Julija Armalytė and Edita Sužiedėlienė

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Detection of ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ/AVI) antibacterial activity is absolutely vital with the rapid growth of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). But now, there is no available automated antimicrobi...

    Authors: Xianggui Yang, Dan Wang, Qin Zhou, Fang Nie, Hongfei Du, Xueli Pang, Yingzi Fan, Tingting Bai and Ying Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:240

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. The human small intestine plays a central role in the processes of digestion and nutrient absorption. However, characterizations of the human gut microbiome have largely relied on stool samples, and the associ...

    Authors: Gabriela Guimaraes Sousa Leite, Walter Morales, Stacy Weitsman, Shreya Celly, Gonzalo Parodi, Ruchi Mathur, Rashin Sedighi, Gillian M. Barlow, Ali Rezaie and Mark Pimentel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:239

    Content type: Methodology article

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  21. Diet is a major determinant of bacterial community structure in termite guts, but evidence of its importance in the closely related cockroaches is conflicting. Here, we investigated the ecological drivers of t...

    Authors: Niclas Lampert, Aram Mikaelyan and Andreas Brune

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:238

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. To evaluate the antibiotic resistance patterns of uropathogens isolated from adult women with acute community-acquired (CA) uncomplicated cystitis.

    Authors: Jamaan Al-Zahrani, Khaled Al Dossari, Ahmed H. Gabr, Abul-fotouh Ahmed, Saad Abdulrahman Al Shahrani and Sameer Al-Ghamdi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:237

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Human gut microbiota are important for human health and have been regarded as a “forgotten organ”, whose variation is closely linked with various factors, such as host genetics, diet, pathological conditions a...

    Authors: Congmin Xu, Huaiqiu Zhu and Peng Qiu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:236

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  24. Porcine enzootic pneumonia is a worldwide problem in swine production. The infected host demonstrates a respiratory disease whose etiologic agent is Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mhp). A total of 266 lung samples wit...

    Authors: Viviane Sisdelli Assao, Thalita Moreira Scatamburlo, Elaine Nery Araujo, Marcus Rebouças Santos, Carlos Eduardo Real Pereira, Roberto Maurício Carvalho Guedes, Gustavo Costa Bressan, Juliana Lopes Rangel Fietto, Yung-Fu Chang, Maria Aparecida Scatamburlo Moreira and Abelardo Silva-Júnior

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2019 19:258

  25. Streptomyces lividans is an appealing host for the production of proteins of biotechnological interest due to its relaxed exogenous DNA restriction system and its ability to secrete proteins directly to the mediu...

    Authors: Jósé R. Valverde, Sonia Gullón, Clara A. García-Herrero, Iván Campoy and Rafael P. Mellado

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:233

    Content type: Software

    Published on:

  26. Co-translational processes in bacteria are attractive drug targets, but while some processes are essential, others are not. The essentiality of Peptide Deformylase (PDF, def) for vitality of mycobacteria was spec...

    Authors: Noga Naor, Omer Gadot, Michal Meir and Daniel Barkan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:232

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, EC 4.3.1.24) is the first key enzyme in the phenylpropanoid pathway. The pal gene has been widely studied in plants and participates in plant growth, development and defense syst...

    Authors: Ludan Hou, Lining Wang, Xiangli Wu, Wei Gao, Jinxia Zhang and Chenyang Huang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:231

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. The gut microbiota composition is known to be influenced by a myriad of factors including the host genetic profile and a number of environmental influences. Here, we focus on the environmental influence of coh...

    Authors: Casey T. Finnicum, Jeffrey J. Beck, Conor V. Dolan, Christel Davis, Gonneke Willemsen, Erik A. Ehli, Dorret I. Boomsma, Gareth E. Davies and Eco J. C. de Geus

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The gut bacteria of tephritid fruit flies play prominent roles in nutrition, reproduction, maintenance and ecological adaptations of the host. Here, we adopted an approach based on direct observation of symbio...

    Authors: Mazarin Akami, Xue-Ming Ren, Xuewei Qi, Abdelaziz Mansour, Bingli Gao, Shuai Cao and Chang-Ying Niu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:229

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with high rates of mortality. Prolonged treatments with high-dose intravenous antibiotics often fail to eradicate the infection, frequently leading to high-risk surgic...

    Authors: Enea Gino Di Domenico, Sara Giordana Rimoldi, Ilaria Cavallo, Giovanna D’Agosto, Elisabetta Trento, Giovanni Cagnoni, Alessandro Palazzin, Cristina Pagani, Francesca Romeri, Elena De Vecchi, Monica Schiavini, Daniela Secchi, Carlo Antona, Giuliano Rizzardini, Rita Barbara Dichirico, Luigi Toma…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:228

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. The Editor has retracted this article [1] following an investigation by the University of South Alabama which found:

    Authors: Sonya Urnowey, Toshihiro Ansai, Vira Bitko, Koji Nakayama, Tadamichi Takehara and Sailen Barik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:227

    Content type: Retraction Note

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2006 6:26

  32. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Dublin (S. Dublin), a cattle adapted serovar causes enteritis, and systemic disease in bovines. The invasive index of this serovar far exceeds that of the other serovar...

    Authors: Narayan Paudyal, Hang Pan, Mohammed Elbediwi, Xiao Zhou, Xianqi Peng, Xiaoliang Li, Weihuan Fang and Min Yue

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:226

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Caulerpa lentillifera is one of the most important economic green macroalgae in the world. Increasing demand for consumption has led to the commercial cultivation of C. lentillifera in Japan and Vietnam in recent...

    Authors: Zhourui Liang, Fuli Liu, Wenjun Wang, Pengyan Zhang, Xiutao Sun, Feijiu Wang and Heather Kell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:225

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Recent studies demonstrated that warming and elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) indirectly affect the soil microbial community structure via plant root exudates. However, there is no direct evidence for how the root e...

    Authors: Jiahui Wu and Shixiao Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:224

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Our recent ‘-omics’ comparisons of Streptococcus mutans wild-type and lrgAB-mutant revealed that this organism undergoes dynamic cellular changes in the face of multiple exogenous stresses, consequently affecting...

    Authors: Sang-Joon Ahn, Kamal Deep, Matthew E. Turner, Ivan Ishkov, Anthony Waters, Stephen J. Hagen and Kelly C. Rice

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Liberibacter crescens is the closest cultured relative of four important uncultured crop pathogens. Candidatus. L. asiaticus, L. americanus, L. africanus cause citrus greening disease, while Ca. L. solanacearum c...

    Authors: Maritsa Cruz-Munoz, Alam Munoz-Beristain, Joseph R. Petrone, Matthew A. Robinson and Eric W. Triplett

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

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  37. TnaphA6-carrying repAci6 plasmids have been detected in Acinetobacter baumannii isolates belonging to global clones, GC1 and GC2, worldwide. Here, we examined whether RepAci6 plasmids family play a role in the di...

    Authors: Parisa Aris, Mohammad Ali Boroumand and Masoumeh Douraghi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:221

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. We aimed to determine the evolutionary pathways of rifampicin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus, and the impact of resistance mutations in the rpoB gene on fitness.

    Authors: Chong Wang, Renchi Fang, Beibei Zhou, Xuebin Tian, Xiucai Zhang, Xiangkuo Zheng, Siqin Zhang, Guofeng Dong, Jianming Cao and Tieli Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The molecular characterization of carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-hvKP) isolates is not well studied. Our goal was to investigate the molecular epidemiology of CR-hvKP strains that we...

    Authors: Jun Li, Zi-Yan Huang, Ting Yu, Xiao-Yan Tao, Yong-Mei Hu, Hai-Chen Wang and Ming-Xiang Zou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forest is an important and typical component of a global temperate forest. Soil microbes are the main driver of biogeochemical cycling in this forest ecosystem and have compl...

    Authors: Minghui Liu, Xin Sui, Yanbo Hu and Fujuan Feng

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:218

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. This study is based on data collected to investigate the relation of peri-parturient events (colostrum quality, passive transfer of immunity, calving difficulty) on calf health and antimicrobial use. A compone...

    Authors: Josephine A. Afema, Margaret A. Davis and William M. Sischo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:217

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Cellulose is synthesized by an array of bacterial species. Komagataeibacter xylinus is the best characterized as it produces copious amounts of the polymer extracellularly. Despite many advances in the past decad...

    Authors: Luis Salgado, Silvia Blank, Reza Alipour Moghadam Esfahani, Janice L. Strap and Dario Bonetta

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:216

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Cattle have been identified as a major reservoir of E. coli O157:H7 for human infection; the ecology of the organism in sheep and goats is less understood. This study was carried out to determine prevalence, sour...

    Authors: Solomon Abreham, Akafete Teklu, Eric Cox and Tesfaye Sisay Tessema

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Characterization of the skin and wound microbiome is of high biomedical interest, but is hampered by the low biomass of typical samples. While sample preparation from other microbiomes (e.g., gut) has been the...

    Authors: Samuel Verbanic, Colin Y. Kim, John M. Deacon and Irene A. Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:214

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  45. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are emerging foodborne pathogens that are public health concern. Cattle have been identified as the major STEC reservoir. In the present study, we investigated the pr...

    Authors: Ruyue Fan, Kun Shao, Xi Yang, Xiangning Bai, Shanshan Fu, Hui Sun, Yanmei Xu, Hong Wang, Qun Li, Bin Hu, Ji Zhang and Yanwen Xiong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:213

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Several serious vegetable-associated outbreaks of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections have occurred during the last decades. In this context, vegetables have been suggested to function as seconda...

    Authors: Thorsten Bufe, André Hennig, Jochen Klumpp, Agnes Weiss, Kay Nieselt and Herbert Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a common food-borne pathogen. S. enterica uses a type III secretion system encoded within Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1) to invade intestinal epithelial cells...

    Authors: Selwan Hamed, Xiaoyi Wang, Riham M. Shawky, Mohamed Emara, Philip D. Aldridge and Christopher V. Rao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Efflux pump mediated antibiotic resistance is an unnoticed and undetected mechanism in clinical microbiology laboratory. RND efflux systems are known for aminoglycoside and tetracycline resistance whereas thei...

    Authors: Shiela Chetri, Deepshikha Bhowmik, Deepjyoti Paul, Piyush Pandey, Debadatta Dhar Chanda, Atanu Chakravarty, Debajyoti Bora and Amitabha Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:210

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Ustilago esculenta, a typical dimorphic fungus could infect Zizania latifolia and induce host stem swollen to form an edible vegetable called Jiaobai in China. The strains differentiation especially in the mating...

    Authors: Yafen Zhang, Min Wu, Qianwen Ge, Mengfei Yang, Wenqiang Xia, Haifeng Cui, Xiaoping Yu, Shangfa Zhang and Zihong Ye

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: