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  1. Cadmium (Cd) is a severely toxic heavy metal to most microorganisms. Many bacteria have developed Cd2+ resistance.

    Authors: Xiaoxia Yu, Zundan Ding, Yangyang Ji, Jintong Zhao, Xiaoqing Liu, Jian Tian, Ningfeng Wu and Yunliu Fan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. We identified a HIV-positive cohort in virologic failure (VF) who re-suppressed without drug switch. We characterized their drug resistance mutations (DRM) and adherence profiles to learn how to better manage ...

    Authors: Chika K. Onwuamah, Jonathan Okpokwu, Rosemary Audu, Godwin Imade, Seema T. Meloni, Azuka Okwuraiwe, Philippe Chebu, Adesola Z. Musa, Beth Chaplin, Ibrahim Dalhatu, Oche Agbaji, Jay Samuels, Oliver Ezechi, Mukhtar Ahmed, Georgina Odaibo, David O. Olaleye…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The polysaccharide capsule is a major virulence factor of S. pneumoniae in diseases such as meningitis. While some capsular serotypes are more often found in invasive disease, high case fatality rates are associa...

    Authors: Annelies Müller, Anke Salmen, Suzanne Aebi, Linda de Gouveia, Anne von Gottberg and Lucy J. Hathaway

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Understanding the patterns of species richness across elevational gradients is a key concept for contemporary research in ecology and evolution, and critical to understanding large-scale trends in biodiversity...

    Authors: Wei Deng, Jia-Liang Wang, Matthew B. Scott, Yi-Hao Fang, Shuo-Ran Liu, Xiao-Yan Yang and Wen Xiao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Some strains of Bacteroides fragilis species are associated with diarrhea as a result of enterotoxin production (bft or fragilysin). Fragilysin is activated by C11 protease (fpn) and together with C10 protease (b...

    Authors: Wafaa Jamal, Fatima Bibi Khodakhast, Ameerah AlAzmi, Jόzsef Sόki, Ghayda AlHashem and Vincent O. Rotimi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Thaumarchaeota are abundant in the Amazon River, where they are the only ammonia-oxidizing archaea. Despite the importance of Thaumarchaeota, little is known about their physiology, mainly because few isolates...

    Authors: Otávio H. B. Pinto, Thais F. Silva, Carla S. Vizzotto, Renata H. Santana, Fabyano A. C. Lopes, Bruno S. Silva, Fabiano L. Thompson and Ricardo H. Kruger

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The comparisons of molecular characterization and antibiotic resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) isolates from humans and other animal hosts are not well studied. Our goal was to compare the molecular epidem...

    Authors: Xue-shan Zhong, Yong-zhi Li, Jing Ge, Gang Xiao, Yun Mo, Yu-qi Wen, Jing-ping Liu, Yi-quan Xiong, Min Qiu, Shu-ting Huo, Ming-ji Cheng and Qing Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:12

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Bisphenol A is an important organic chemical as an intermediate, final and inert ingredient in manufacturing of many important products like polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins, flame retardants, food–drink p...

    Authors: Adel Eltoukhy, Yang Jia, Ruth Nahurira, M. A. Abo-Kadoum, Ibatsam Khokhar, Junhuan Wang and Yanchun Yan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Intestinal pathogen infections are widespread among impoverished populations. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most common pathogen of intestinal microsporidian species in humans worldwide. However, no epidemiologi...

    Authors: Yujuan Shen, Baiyan Gong, Xiaohua Liu, Yanchen Wu, Fengkun Yang, Jie Xu, Xiaofan Zhang, Jianping Cao and Aiqin Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

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  10. After publication of our article [1] it came to our notice that the source of the sequence for the control plasmid, pNeo (Materials and methods: Controls) was incorrectly stated as AB094461. The correct access...

    Authors: Andrew Jenkins, Cecilie Raasok, Benedikte N. Pedersen, Kristine Jensen, Åshild Andreassen, Arnulf Soleng, Kristin Skarsfjord Edgar, Heidi Heggen Lindstedt, Vivian Kjelland, Snorre Stuen, Dag Hvidsten and Bjørn-Erik Kristiansen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:9

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2019 19:199

  11. Francisella noatunensis subsp. orientalis (Fno) is the etiological agent of francisellosis in cultured warm water fish, such as tilapia. Antibiotics are administered to treat the disease but a better understandin...

    Authors: Winarti Achmad Sarmin Djainal, Khalid Shahin, Matthijs Metselaar, Alexandra Adams and Andrew P. Desbois

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Colistin resistance is considered a serious problem due to a lack of alternative antibiotics. The Rapid ResaPolymyxin Acinetobacter/Pseudomonas NP test is a resazurin reduction-based technique that relies on the ...

    Authors: Huaiyu Jia, Renchi Fang, Jie Lin, Xuebin Tian, Yajie Zhao, Lijiang Chen, Jianming Cao and Tieli Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The exosporium of the anthrax-causing Bacillus anthracis endospores display a tetrasaccharide composed of three rhamnose residues and an unusual sugar termed anthrose. Anthrose is a proposed potential target for ...

    Authors: Diansy Zincke, Michael H. Norris, Berzhan Kurmanov, Ted L. Hadfield and Jason K. Blackburn

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:6

    Content type: Methodology article

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  14. Antimicrobial combinations have been proven as a promising approach in the confrontation with multi-drug resistant bacterial pathogens. In the present study, we identify and characterize a synergistic interact...

    Authors: Vuong Van Hung Le, Catrina Olivera, Julian Spagnuolo, Ieuan G. Davies and Jasna Rakonjac

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Harpins are proteins secreted by the type III secretion system of Gram-negative bacteria during pathogen–plant interactions that can act as elicitors, stimulating defense and plant growth in many types of non-...

    Authors: Yue Liu, Xiaoyun Zhou, Wenbo Liu, Jiamin Huang, Qinghuan Liu, Jianzhang Sun, Xinfeng Cai and Weiguo Miao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Scrub typhus causes up to 35% mortality if left untreated. One billion people living in the endemic regions are at risk. In spite of its heavy disease burden in some of the most populated areas in the world, t...

    Authors: Chien-Chung Chao, Ruoting Yang, Zhiwen Zhang, Tatyana Belinskaya, Chye-Teik Chan, Stacy-Ann Miller, Rasha Hammamieh, Marti Jett and Wei-Mei Ching

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) has a high recurrent infection rate. Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been used successfully to treat recurrent CDI, but much remains unknown about the human gu...

    Authors: Ines B. Moura, Charmaine Normington, Duncan Ewin, Emma Clark, Mark H. Wilcox, Anthony M. Buckley and Caroline H. Chilton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:2

    Content type: Methodology article

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  18. Interactions between transcription factors and DNA lie at the centre of many biological processes including DNA recombination, replication, repair and transcription. Most bacteria encode diverse proteins that ...

    Authors: Shi-qi An, Miguel A. Valvano, Yan-hua Yu, Jeremy S. Webb and Guillermo Lopez Campos

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:1

    Content type: Methodology article

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  19. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been recently approved by FDA for the treatment of refractory recurrent clostridial colitis (rCDI). Success of FTM in treatment of rCDI led to a number of studies inv...

    Authors: Oleg V. Goloshchapov, Evgenii I. Olekhnovich, Sergey V. Sidorenko, Ivan S. Moiseev, Maxim A. Kucher, Dmitry E. Fedorov, Alexander V. Pavlenko, Alexander I. Manolov, Vladimir V. Gostev, Vladimir A. Veselovsky, Ksenia M. Klimina, Elena S. Kostryukova, Evgeny A. Bakin, Alexander N. Shvetcov, Elvira D. Gumbatova, Ruslana V. Klementeva…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:312

    Content type: Research Article

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  20. Many phytophagous insects, whose diet is generally nitrogen-poor, rely on gut bacteria to compensate for nutritional deficits. Accordingly, we hypothesized that insects in desert environments may evolve associ...

    Authors: Fengqun Meng, Nitsan Bar-Shmuel, Reut Shavit, Adi Behar and Michal Segoli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:311

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The majority of in vitro studies of medically relevant biofilms involve the development of biofilm on an inanimate solid surface. However, infection in vivo consists of biofilm growth on, or suspended within, ...

    Authors: Elisabeth A. Slade, Robin M. S. Thorn, Amber Young and Darren M. Reynolds

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:310

    Content type: Methodology article

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  22. Gut microbiota has been increasingly acknowledged to shape significantly human health, contributing to various autoimmune diseases, both intestinal and non-intestinal, including multiple sclerosis (MS). Gut mi...

    Authors: Madina Kozhieva, Natalia Naumova, Tatiana Alikina, Alexey Boyko, Valentin Vlassov and Marsel R. Kabilov

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Culturomics can ascertain traces of microorganisms to be cultivated using different strategies and identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization–time-of-flight mass spectrometry or 16S rDNA sequenc...

    Authors: Fengyi Hou, Yuxiao Chang, Zongyu Huang, Ni Han, Lei Bin, Huimin Deng, Zhengchao Li, Zhiyuan Pan, Lei Ding, Hong Gao, Ruifu Yang, Fachao Zhi and Yujing Bi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:308

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Some of the spore-forming strains of Bacillus probiotics are marketed commercially as they survive harsh gastrointestinal conditions and bestow health benefits to the host.

    Authors: Indu Khatri, Gaurav Sharma and Srikrishna Subramanian

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:307

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Cronobacter sakazakii is an emerging opportunistic bacterial pathogen known to cause neonatal and pediatric infections, including meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and bacteremia. Multiple disease outbreaks ...

    Authors: Isaiah Paolo A. Lee and Cheryl P. Andam

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:306

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Trueperella pyogenes is one of the most clinically imperative bacteria responsible for severe cases of mastitis and metritis, particularly in postpartum dairy cows. The bacterium has emergence of antibiotic resis...

    Authors: Mobin Rezanejad, Sepideh Karimi and Hassan Momtaz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:305

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Pneumococcus is exposed to a variety of temperature and oxygen levels in the upper respiratory tract and as it invades the lung, tissues, and blood. We sought to determine the effect of environmental variabili...

    Authors: Adrienn Tóthpál, Katherine Desobry, Shreyas S. Joshi, Anne L. Wyllie and Daniel M. Weinberger

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:304

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Various endosymbiotic bacteria, including Wolbachia of the Alphaproteobacteria, infect a wide range of insects and are capable of inducing reproductive abnormalities to their hosts such as cytoplasmic incompatibi...

    Authors: Elias D. Asimakis, Vangelis Doudoumis, Ashok B. Hadapad, Ramesh S. Hire, Costas Batargias, Changying Niu, Mahfuza Khan, Kostas Bourtzis and George Tsiamis

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):290

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  29. Wolbachia, one of the most abundant taxa of intracellular Alphaproteobacteria, is widespread among arthropods and filarial nematodes. The presence of these maternally inherited bacteria is associated with modific...

    Authors: Claudia Alejandra Conte, Diego Fernando Segura, Fabian Horacio Milla, Antonios Augustinos, Jorge Luis Cladera, Kostas Bourtzis and Silvia Beatriz Lanzavecchia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):289

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  30. Insect species have established sophisticated symbiotic associations with diverse groups of microorganisms including bacteria which have been shown to affect several aspects of their biology, physiology, ecolo...

    Authors: Georgios A. Kyritsis, Antonios A. Augustinos, Spyridon Ntougias, Nikos T. Papadopoulos, Kostas Bourtzis and Carlos Cáceres

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):288

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  31. The Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is being applied for the management of economically important pest fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in a number of countries worldwide. The success and cost effectiveness o...

    Authors: Ania T. Deutscher, Toni A. Chapman, Lucas A. Shuttleworth, Markus Riegler and Olivia L. Reynolds

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):287

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  32. Commensal microbes can promote survival and growth of developing insects, and have important fitness implications in adulthood. Insect larvae can acquire commensal microbes through two main routes: by vertical...

    Authors: Juliano Morimoto, Binh Nguyen, Shabnam T. Tabrizi, Ida Lundbäck, Phillip W. Taylor, Fleur Ponton and Toni A. Chapman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):286

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  33. Symbiotic bacteria play a critical role in insect’s biology. They also offer great opportunities to improve on current pest management techniques. In order to exploit and integrate the roles played by the gut ...

    Authors: Awawing Anjwengwo Andongma, Lun Wan, Yong-Cheng Dong, Yu-Lei Wang, Jin He and Chang-Ying Niu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):285

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  34. The interaction between gut bacterial symbionts and Tephritidae became the focus of several studies that showed that bacteria contributed to the nutritional status and the reproductive potential of its fruit f...

    Authors: María Laura Juárez, Lida Elena Pimper, Guillermo Enrique Bachmann, Claudia Alejandra Conte, María Josefina Ruiz, Lucía Goane, Pilar Medina Pereyra, Felipe Castro, Julieta Salgueiro, Jorge Luis Cladera, Patricia Carina Fernández, Kostas Bourtzis, Silvia Beatriz Lanzavecchia, María Teresa Vera and Diego Fernando Segura

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):283

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  35. Insect pests belonging to genus Bactrocera sp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) pose major biotic stress on various fruits and vegetable crops around the world. Zeugodacus and Bactrocera sp. are associated with diverse ...

    Authors: Ashok B. Hadapad, Suresh K. G. Shettigar and Ramesh S. Hire

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):282

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  36. Mass-rearing, domestication and gamma irradiation of tephritid fruit flies used in sterile insect technique (SIT) programmes can negatively impact fly quality and performance. Symbiotic bacteria supplied as pr...

    Authors: Deane N. Woruba, Jennifer L. Morrow, Olivia L. Reynolds, Toni A. Chapman, Damian P. Collins and Markus Riegler

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19(Suppl 1):281

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  37. The antimicrobial resistance of clinical, environmental and control strains of the WHO “Priority 1: Critical group” organisms, Acinetobacter baumannii, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeru...

    Authors: Benjamin Havenga, Thando Ndlovu, Tanya Clements, Brandon Reyneke, Monique Waso and Wesaal Khan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:303

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Since animals frequently encounter a variety of harmful fungi in nature, their ability to develop sophisticated anti-fungal strategies allows them to flourish across the globe. Extensive studies have highlight...

    Authors: Wanzhen Su, Jialin Liu, Peng Bai, Baocang Ma and Wei Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:302

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Acinetobacter baumannii is an important opportunistic pathogen responsible for various nosocomial infections. The BfmRS two-component system plays a role in pathogenesis and antimicrobial resistance of A. baumann...

    Authors: Se Yeon Kim, Mi Hyun Kim, Seung Il Kim, Joo Hee Son, Shukho Kim, Yoo Chul Lee, Minsang Shin, Man Hwan Oh and Je Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:301

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In modern lifestyles, people make their everyday tasks easier by using household appliances, for example dishwashers. Previous studies showed massive contamination of dishwasher rubber seals with fungi, thus b...

    Authors: Jerneja Zupančič, Martina Turk, Miha Črnigoj, Jerneja Ambrožič Avguštin and Nina Gunde-Cimerman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:300

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Listeria monocytogenes is the causative agent of listeriosis, a serious disease affecting both animals and humans. Here, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was used to characterize the genetic diversity of Listeri...

    Authors: Bojan Papić, Mateja Pate, Benjamin Félix and Darja Kušar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:299

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The neonatal meningitis E. coli (NMEC) strain S88 carries a ColV plasmid named pS88 which is involved in meningeal virulence. Transcriptional analysis of pS88 in human serum revealed a strong upregulation of an O...

    Authors: Mathieu Genuini, Philippe Bidet, Jean-François Benoist, Dimitri Schlemmer, Chloé Lemaitre, André Birgy and Stéphane Bonacorsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:298

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baeri Brandt) and Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) are two important commercial fish in China, and the feeding habits of them are very different. Diets and feeding habits are two significa...

    Authors: Guanling Xu, Wei Xing, Tieliang Li, Min Xue, Zhihong Ma, Na Jiang and Lin Luo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:297

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The complete genome sequences of 44 Bacillus cereus group isolates collected from diverse sources in Japan were analyzed to determine their genetic backgrounds and diversity levels in Japan. Multilocus sequence t...

    Authors: Akiko Okutani, Satoshi Inoue, Akira Noguchi, Yoshihiro Kaku and Shigeru Morikawa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:296

    Content type: Research article

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  45. MCC/eisosomes are membrane microdomains that have been proposed to participate in the plasma membrane function in particular by regulating the homeostasis of lipids, promoting the recruitment of specific prote...

    Authors: Justine Colou, Guillaume Quang N’Guyen, Ophélie Dubreu, Kévin Fontaine, Anthony Kwasiborski, Franck Bastide, Florence Manero, Bruno Hamon, Sophie Aligon, Philippe Simoneau and Thomas Guillemette

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:295

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Thymol is a phenolic compound used for its wide spectrum antimicrobial activity. There is a limited understanding of the antimicrobial mechanisms underlying thymol activity. To investigate this, E. coli strain JM...

    Authors: Fatemah Al-Kandari, Rabeah Al-Temaimi, Arnoud H. M. van Vliet and Martin J. Woodward

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:294

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Treatment of P. aeruginosa wound infection is challenging due to its inherent and acquired resistance to many conventional antibiotics. Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs) with distinct modes of antimicrobial...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Chunye Zhang, Sarah A. Hansen, William J. Mitchell, Michael Z. Zhang and Shuping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:293

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Human brucellosis has become a severe public health problem in China’s Guangxi Province, and there has been higher prevalence of brucellosis in this region after 2010. Both multiple locus variable-number tande...

    Authors: Zhi-guo Liu, Miao Wang, Hong-yan Zhao, Dong-ri Piao, Hai Jiang and Zhen-jun Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:292

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a nosocomial pathogen that causes severe infections in immunocompromised patients. Biofilm plays a significant role in the resistance of this bacterium and complicates the treatment of i...

    Authors: Maryam Banar, Mohammad Emaneini, Reza Beigverdi, Rima Fanaei Pirlar, Narges Node Farahani, Willem B. van Leeuwen and Fereshteh Jabalameli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:291

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: