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  1. Research article

    Temporal dynamics in microbial soil communities at anthrax carcass sites

    Anthrax is a globally distributed disease affecting primarily herbivorous mammals. It is caused by the soil-dwelling and spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. The dormant B. anthracis spores become vegetati...

    Karoline Valseth, Camilla L. Nesbø, W. Ryan Easterday, Wendy C. Turner, Jaran S. Olsen, Nils Chr. Stenseth and Thomas H. A. Haverkamp

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:206

    Published on: 26 September 2017

  2. Research article

    Impact of delivery mode on the colostrum microbiota composition

    Breast milk is a rich nutrient with a temporally dynamic nature. In particular, numerous alterations in the nutritional, immunological and microbiological content occur during the transition from colostrum to ...

    Marco Toscano, Roberta De Grandi, Diego Giampietro Peroni, Enzo Grossi, Valentina Facchin, Pasquale Comberiati and Lorenzo Drago

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:205

    Published on: 25 September 2017

  3. Research article

    Effect of vitamin A supplementation on gut microbiota in children with autism spectrum disorders - a pilot study

    Dysbiosis of gut microbiota are commonly reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and may contribute to behavioral impairment. Vitamin A (VA) plays a role in regulation of gut microbiota. This study was perf...

    Juan Liu, Xiao Liu, Xue-Qin Xiong, Ting Yang, Ting Cui, Na-Li Hou, Xi Lai, Shu Liu, Min Guo, Xiao-Hua Liang, Qian Cheng, Jie Chen and Ting-Yu Li

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:204

    Published on: 22 September 2017

  4. Research article

    Evaluation of prokaryotic diversity of five hot springs in Eritrea

    Total community rDNA was used to determine the diversity of bacteria and archaea from water, wet sediment and microbial mats samples of hot springs in the Eastern lowlands of Eritrea. The temperatures of the s...

    Amanuel M. Ghilamicael, Nancy L. M. Budambula, Sylvester E. Anami, Tadesse Mehari and Hamadi I. Boga

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:203

    Published on: 22 September 2017

  5. Research article

    Identification of new Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis antigens by immunoscreening of gene expression library

    Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a disease that affects sheep, goats and occasionally humans. The etiologic agent is the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis bacillus. The objective of this study was to build a gene ...

    Cleber Eduardo Galvão, Stenio Perdigão Fragoso, Carina Elisei de Oliveira, Odinéia Forner, Renata Ribeiro Bastos Pereira, Cleber Oliveira Soares and Grácia Maria Soares Rosinha

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:202

    Published on: 21 September 2017

  6. Methodology Article

    1H NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomics analysis for the diagnosis of symptomatic E. coli-associated urinary tract infection (UTI)

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common diagnoses in girls and women, and to a lesser extent in boys and men younger than 50 years. Escherichia coli, followed by Klebsiella spp. and Proteus spp., ...

    Milena Lussu, Tania Camboni, Cristina Piras, Corrado Serra, Francesco Del Carratore, Julian Griffin, Luigi Atzori and Aldo Manzin

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:201

    Published on: 21 September 2017

  7. Methodology Article

    A modified multilocus sequence typing protocol to genotype Kingella kingae from oropharyngeal swabs without bacterial isolation

    Outbreaks of Kingella kingae infection are an emerging public health concern among daycare attendees carrying epidemic clones in the oropharynx. However, genotyping of such epidemic clones from affected cases is ...

    Nawal El Houmami, Janek Bzdrenga, Jean-Christophe Pons, Philippe Minodier, Guillaume André Durand, Anis Oubraham, Dimitri Ceroni, Pablo Yagupsky, Didier Raoult, Philippe Bidet and Pierre-Edouard Fournier

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:200

    Published on: 21 September 2017

  8. Research article

    Regulation of bacteria population behaviors by AI-2 “consumer cells” and “supplier cells”

    Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) is a universal signal molecule and enables an individual bacteria to communicate with each other and ultimately control behaviors of the population. Harnessing the character of AI-2, two k...

    Yufen Quan, Fankang Meng, Xinyu Ma, Xinhao Song, Xiao Liu, Weixia Gao, Yulei Dang, Yao Meng, Mingfeng Cao and Cunjiang Song

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:198

    Published on: 19 September 2017

  9. Research article

    The role of the two-component systems Cpx and Arc in protein alterations upon gentamicin treatment in Escherichia coli

    The aminoglycoside antibiotic gentamicin was supposed to induce a crosstalk between the Cpx- and the Arc-two-component systems (TCS). Here, we investigated the physical interaction of the respective TCS compon...

    Emina Ćudić, Kristin Surmann, Gianna Panasia, Elke Hammer and Sabine Hunke

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:197

    Published on: 18 September 2017

  10. Research article

    Increased survival and proliferation of the epidemic strain Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense CRM0019 in alveolar epithelial cells

    Outbreaks of infections caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria have been reported worldwide generally associated with medical procedures. Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense CRM0019 was obtained during an ...

    Giovanni Monteiro Ribeiro, Cristianne Kayoko Matsumoto, Fernando Real, Daniela Teixeira, Rafael Silva Duarte, Renato Arruda Mortara, Sylvia Cardoso Leão and Cristiane de Souza Carvalho-Wodarz

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:195

    Published on: 13 September 2017

  11. Research article

    A comparison of sequencing platforms and bioinformatics pipelines for compositional analysis of the gut microbiome

    Advancements in Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies regarding throughput, read length and accuracy had a major impact on microbiome research by significantly improving 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. A...

    Imane Allali, Jason W. Arnold, Jeffrey Roach, Maria Belen Cadenas, Natasha Butz, Hosni M. Hassan, Matthew Koci, Anne Ballou, Mary Mendoza, Rizwana Ali and M. Andrea Azcarate-Peril

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:194

    Published on: 13 September 2017

  12. Research article

    Ciliate diversity and distribution patterns in the sediments of a seamount and adjacent abyssal plains in the tropical Western Pacific Ocean

    Benthic ciliates and the environmental factors shaping their distribution are far from being completely understood. Likewise, deep-sea systems are amongst the least understood ecosystems on Earth. In this stud...

    Feng Zhao, Sabine Filker, Thorsten Stoeck and Kuidong Xu

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:192

    Published on: 12 September 2017

  13. Research article

    Transcript profiling of the immunological interactions between Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 7 and the host by dual RNA-seq

    The complexity of the pathogenic mechanism underlying the host immune response to Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia (App) makes the use of preventive measures difficult, and a more global view of the host-pathogen i...

    Ping Li, Zhiwen Xu, Xiangang Sun, Yue Yin, Yi Fan, Jun Zhao, Xiyu Mao, Jianbo Huang, Fan Yang and Ling Zhu

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:193

    Published on: 12 September 2017

  14. Research article

    Annexin A2 (ANXA2) interacts with nonstructural protein 1 and promotes the replication of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza virus

    Non-structural protein 1 (NS1) is a multifunctional protein and a crucial regulatory factor in the replication and pathogenesis of avian influenza virus (AIV). Studies have shown that NS1 can interact with a v...

    Yong Ma, Jiashan Sun, Linlin Gu, Hongmei Bao, Yuhui Zhao, Lin Shi, Wei Yao, Guobin Tian, Xiurong Wang and Hualan Chen

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:191

    Published on: 11 September 2017

  15. Research article

    Comparison of rumen bacterial communities in dairy herds of different production

    The purpose of this study was to compare the rumen bacterial composition in high and low yielding dairy cows within and between two dairy herds. Eighty five Holstein dairy cows in mid-lactation (79–179 days in...

    Nagaraju Indugu, Bonnie Vecchiarelli, Linda D. Baker, James D. Ferguson, Jairam K. P. Vanamala and Dipti W. Pitta

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:190

    Published on: 30 August 2017

  16. Research article

    Growth phase-dependent expression profiles of three vital H-NS family proteins encoded on the chromosome of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 and on the pCAR1 plasmid

    H-NS family proteins are nucleoid-associated proteins that form oligomers on DNA and function as global regulators. They are found in both bacterial chromosomes and plasmids, and were suggested to be candidate...

    Zongping Sun, Delyana Vasileva, Chiho Suzuki-Minakuchi, Kazunori Okada, Feng Luo, Yasuo Igarashi and Hideaki Nojiri

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:188

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  17. Research article

    IL-8 and IP-10 expression from human bronchial epithelial cells BEAS-2B are promoted by Streptococcus pneumoniae endopeptidase O (PepO)

    The bronchial epithelium serves as the first defendant line of host against respiratory inhaled pathogens, mainly through releasing chemokines (e.g. interleukin-8 (IL-8), interferon-induced protein 10 (IP-10) ...

    Jiaqiong Zou, Long Zhou, Chunlan Hu, Peng Jing, Xiaolan Guo, Sulan Liu, Yan Lei, Shangyu Yang, Jiankang Deng and Hong Zhang

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:187

    Published on: 24 August 2017

  18. Research article

    IRAK-M alters the polarity of macrophages to facilitate the survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Intracellular bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb), infects specifically macrophages as host cells. IRAK-M, a member of IRAK family, is a negative regulator in TLR signaling and specifically expresses in...

    Pei Shen, Quan Li, Jilei Ma, Maopeng Tian, Fei Hong, Xinjie Zhai, Jianrong Li, Hanju Huang and Chunwei Shi

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:185

    Published on: 23 August 2017

  19. Research article

    Upper and lower respiratory tract microbiota in horses: bacterial communities associated with health and mild asthma (inflammatory airway disease) and effects of dexamethasone

    The microbial composition of the equine respiratory tract, and differences due to mild equine asthma (also called Inflammatory Airway Disease (IAD)) have not been reported. The primary treatment for control of...

    Stephanie L. Bond, Edouard Timsit, Matthew Workentine, Trevor Alexander and Renaud Léguillette

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:184

    Published on: 23 August 2017

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