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  1. Infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) complications, including pancreatic insufficiency and intestinal inflammation, which have been associated with impaired nutrition and growth....

    Authors: Alexander Eng, Hillary S. Hayden, Christopher E. Pope, Mitchell J. Brittnacher, Anh T. Vo, Eli J. Weiss, Kyle R. Hager, Daniel H. Leung, Sonya L. Heltshe, Daniel Raftery, Samuel I. Miller, Lucas R. Hoffman and Elhanan Borenstein
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:247
  2. Saline and alkaline stresses damages the health of soil systems. Meanwhile, little is known about how saline or alkaline stress affects soil nitrifier and denitrifier communities. Therefore, we compared the re...

    Authors: Jiaxin Guo, Yongxue Zhou, Huijuan Guo and Wei Min
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:246
  3. Bacterial abortive infection (Abi) systems are type IV toxin–antitoxin (TA) system, which could elicit programmed cell death and constitute a native survival strategy of pathogenic bacteria under various stres...

    Authors: Xiaohong Chen, Aiqi Hu, Qian Zou, Sha Luo, Hetao Wu, Chunlan Yan, Tao Liu, Donglan He, Xiaohua Li and Guojun Cheng
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:245
  4. Fish skin represents an ancient vertebrate mucosal surface, sharing characteristics with other mucosal surfaces including those of the intestine. The skin mucosa is continuously exposed to microbes in the surr...

    Authors: Karen Dunker, Sol Gomez de la Torre Canny, Catherine Taylor Nordgård, Etienne Dague, Cécile Formosa-Dague, Ingrid Bakke and Marit Sletmoen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:244
  5. Understanding the specificity and flexibility of the algal symbiosis-host association is fundamental for predicting how species occupy a diverse range of habitats. Here we assessed the algal symbiosis diversit...

    Authors: Martina Prazeres, T. Edward Roberts, Shadrina Fildzah Ramadhani, Steve S. Doo, Christiane Schmidt, Marleen Stuhr and Willem Renema
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:243
  6. SARS-CoV-2 has been detected in stool samples of COVID-19 patients, with potential implications for faecal-oral transmission. Compared to nasopharyngeal swab samples, the complexity of the stool matrix poses a...

    Authors: Tianqi Li, Enriqueta Garcia-Gutierrez, Daniel A. Yara, Jacob Scadden, Jade Davies, Chloe Hutchins, Alp Aydin, Justin O’Grady, Arjan Narbad, Stefano Romano and Lizbeth Sayavedra
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:242
  7. Vancomycin-intermediate resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) is becoming a common cause of nosocomial infections worldwide. VISA isolates are developed by unclear molecular mechanisms via mutations in several g...

    Authors: Neda Baseri, Shahin Najar-Peerayeh and Bita Bakhshi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:240
  8. Aspergillus species cause aflatoxin contamination in groundnut kernels, being a health threat in agricultural products and leading to commodity rejection by domestic and international markets. Presence of Aspergi...

    Authors: Abdi Mohammed, Paola C. Faustinelli, Alemayehu Chala, Mashilla Dejene, Chemeda Fininsa, Amare Ayalew, Chris O. Ojiewo, David A. Hoisington, Victor S. Sobolev, Jaime Martínez-Castillo and Renee S. Arias
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:239
  9. The infant intestinal microbiome plays an important role in metabolism and immune development with impacts on lifelong health. The linkage between the taxonomic composition of the microbiome and its metabolic ...

    Authors: Quang P. Nguyen, Margaret R. Karagas, Juliette C. Madan, Erika Dade, Thomas J. Palys, Hilary G. Morrison, Wimal W. Pathmasiri, Susan McRitche, Susan J. Sumner, H. Robert Frost and Anne G. Hoen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:238
  10. Avian tuberculosis is a chronic and zoonotic disease that affects a wide variety of birds, mammals, and humans. This study aimed to estimate the frequency of Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium in some domestic bird...

    Authors: Abdelazeem M. Algammal, Hany R. Hashem, Amenah S. Al-otaibi, Khyreyah J. Alfifi, Esraa M. El-dawody, Eman Mahrous, Helal F. Hetta, Ali W. El-Kholy, Hazem Ramadan and Reham M. El-Tarabili
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:237
  11. The ePlex® and QIAstat-Dx® respiratory pathogen panels detect multiple respiratory pathogens, mainly viruses but also Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Bordetella pertussis. The assays have been m...

    Authors: Suzanne A. V. van Asten, Stefan A. Boers, Jolanda D. F. de Groot, R. Schuurman and Eric C. J. Claas
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:236
  12. The Escherichia coli strain that is known to produce the genotoxic secondary metabolite colibactin is linked to colorectal oncogenesis. Therefore, understanding the properties of such colibactin-positive E. coli ...

    Authors: Yuta Tsunematsu, Koji Hosomi, Jun Kunisawa, Michio Sato, Noriko Shibuya, Emiko Saito, Haruka Murakami, Yuko Yoshikawa, Yuji Iwashita, Noriyuki Miyoshi, Michihiro Mutoh, Hideki Ishikawa, Haruhiko Sugimura, Motohiko Miyachi, Keiji Wakabayashi and Kenji Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:235
  13. Biofilms are microbial communities surrounded by a self-produced extracellular matrix which protects them from environmental stress. Bacteria within biofilms are 10- to 1000-fold more resistant to antibiotics,...

    Authors: Yihui Wang, Joseph P. Hoffmann, Sarah M. Baker, Kerstin Höner zu Bentrup, William C. Wimley, Joseph A. Fuselier, Jacob P. Bitoun and Lisa A. Morici
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:234
  14. Authors: Tamara Renata Machado Ribeiro, Mateus Kawata Salgaço, Maria Angela Tallarico Adorno, Miriam Aparecida da Silva, Roxane Maria Fontes Piazza, Katia Sivieri and Cristiano Gallina Moreira
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:233

    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:163

  15. In unfavourable environment, such as nutrient limitation, some bacteria encased themselves into a three dimensional polymer matrix called biofilm. The majority of microbial infections in human are biofilm rela...

    Authors: Jeffrine Solihin, Diana Elizabeth Waturangi and Tresnawati Purwadaria
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:232
  16. Modulating the microbiota is a leading-edge strategy for the restoration and maintenance of a healthy, balanced environment. The use of health-promoting bacteria has demonstrated some potential benefits as an ...

    Authors: Veronica Moskovicz, Rina Ben-El, Guy Horev and Boaz Mizrahi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:231
  17. Resistance to ceftazidime-avibactam was reported, and it is important to investigate the mechanisms of ceftazidime/avibactam resistance in K. pneumoniae with mutations in blaKPC.

    Authors: Lingxiao Sun, Haibo Li, Qi Wang, Yingmei Liu and Bin Cao
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:230
  18. H. pylori is closely related to the occurrence and development of various digestive gastritis, peptic ulcer and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. H. pylori is also a class I carcinogen of gastric...

    Authors: Ling-Zhi Yuan, Xiao Shi, Dan Tang, Shao-Peng Zheng, Zhi-Ming Xiao and Fen Wang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:229
  19. Targeted metagenomics and IS-Pro method are two of the many methods that have been used to study the microbiome. The two methods target different regions of the 16 S rRNA gene. The aim of this study was to com...

    Authors: T Goolam Mahomed, RPH Peters, GHJ Pretorius, A Goolam Mahomed, V Ueckermann, MM Kock and MM Ehlers
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:228
  20. Bacteria have been reported to exhibit complicated morphological colony patterns on solid media, depending on intracellular, and extracellular factors such as motility, cell propagation, and cell-cell interact...

    Authors: Hiroki Yamamoto, Yuki Fukasawa, Yu Shoji, Shumpei Hisamoto, Tomohiro Kikuchi, Atsuko Takamatsu and Hideo Iwasaki
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:227
  21. Gut microbiota (GMB) alteration has been reported to influence the Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis through immune, endocrine, and metabolic pathways. This study aims to investigate metabolic output of th...

    Authors: Jianxiong Xi, Ding Ding, Huiwei Zhu, Ruru Wang, Feng Su, Wanqing Wu, Zhenxu Xiao, Xiaoniu Liang, Qianhua Zhao, Zhen Hong, Hua Fu and Qianyi Xiao
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:226
  22. Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating bowel disease, primarily affecting premature infants, with a poorly understood aetiology. Prior studies have found associations in different cases with an overa...

    Authors: Alexander G. Shaw, Kathleen Sim, Graham Rose, David J. Wooldridge, Ming-Shi Li, Raju V. Misra, Saheer Gharbia and J. Simon Kroll
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:225
  23. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and molecular characteristics of Streptococcus agalactiae isolated from pregnant women at 35 weeks of g...

    Authors: Erastus Lafimana Haimbodi, Munyaradzi Mukesi and Sylvester Rodgers Moyo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:224
  24. The scientific publications of antimicrobial susceptibilities and resistance must be precise, with interpretations adjusted to the standard. In this frame, knowledge of antimicrobial resistance is fundamental ...

    Authors: Sandra M. Rincón-Gamboa, Raúl A. Poutou-Piñales and Ana K. Carrascal-Camacho
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:223
  25. Bovine mastitis is the most common infectious disease in dairy cattle with major economic implications for the dairy industry worldwide. Continuous monitoring for the emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR...

    Authors: Satwik Majumder, Dongyun Jung, Jennifer Ronholm and Saji George
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:222

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:241

  26. Staphylococci are important members of the human skin microbiome. Many staphylococcal species and strains are commensals of the healthy skin microbiota, while few play essential roles in skin diseases such as ...

    Authors: Charlotte Marie Ahle, Kristian Stødkilde-Jørgensen, Anja Poehlein, Wolfgang R. Streit, Jennifer Hüpeden and Holger Brüggemann
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:221
  27. The high incidence of bacterial genes that confer resistance to last-resort antibiotics, such as colistin, caused by mobilized colistin resistance (mcr) genes, poses an unprecedented threat to human health. Under...

    Authors: Bruno G. N. Andrade, Tobias Goris, Haithem Afli, Felipe H. Coutinho, Alberto M. R. Dávila and Rafael R. C. Cuadrat
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:220
  28. The intestinal microbiome in preterm infants differs markedly from term infants. It is unclear whether the microbiome develops over time according to infant specific factors.

    Authors: Fardou H. Heida, Elisabeth M. W. Kooi, Josef Wagner, Thi-Yen Nguyen, Jan B. F. Hulscher, Anne G. J. F. van Zoonen, Arend F. Bos, Hermie J. M. Harmsen and Marcus C. de Goffau
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:219
  29. Colorectal cancer which is related to genetic and environmental risk factors, is among the most prevalent life-threatening cancers. Although several pathogenic bacteria are associated with colorectal cancer et...

    Authors: Sara Ebrahimzadeh, Hossein Ahangari, Alireza Soleimanian, Kamran Hosseini, Vida Ebrahimi, Tohid Ghasemnejad, Saiedeh Razi Soofiyani, Vahideh Tarhriz and Shirin Eyvazi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:218
  30. Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus, (GBS)) is the leading cause of mastitis (inflammation of the mammary gland) among dairy camels in Sub-Saharan Africa, with negative implications for milk productio...

    Authors: Dinah Seligsohn, Chiara Crestani, Taya L. Forde, Erika Chenais and Ruth N. Zadoks
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:217
  31. Rhizosphere soil is a crucial niche for the diverse beneficial microbial communities in plant-microbe interactions. This study explores the antagonistic potential and diversity of the rhizosphere soil bacteria...

    Authors: Jintu Dutta and Debajit Thakur
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:216
  32. Legionellosis is caused by the inhalation of aerosolized water contaminated with Legionella bacteria. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of Legionella species in aerosols collected from outdoor sites n...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Kanatani, Masanori Watahiki, Keiko Kimata, Tomoko Kato, Kaoru Uchida, Fumiaki Kura, Junko Amemura-Maekawa and Junko Isobe
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:215
  33. The natural hosts of Shigella are typically humans and other primates, but it has been shown that the host range of Shigella has expanded to many animals. Although Shigella is becoming a major threat to animals, ...

    Authors: Zhen Zhu, Weiwei Wang, Mingze Cao, Qiqi Zhu, Tenghe Ma, Yongying Zhang, Guanhui Liu, Xuzheng Zhou, Bing Li, Yuxiang Shi and Jiyu Zhang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:214
  34. Burkholderia pseudomallei is the bacterial causative agent of melioidosis, a difficult disease to diagnose clinically with high mortality if not appropriately treated. Definitive diagnosis requires isolation and ...

    Authors: Wanitda Watthanaworawit, Tamalee Roberts, Jill Hopkins, Ian Gassiep, Robert Norton, Matthew T. Robinson, Joy Silisouk, Poda Sar, Sena Sao, Premjit Amornchai, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Francois Nosten, Andrew J. H. Simpson, Paul Turner and Clare L. Ling
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:213
  35. A high carriage rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with the mecC gene (mecC-MRSA) has been described among Wild European hedgehogs (Europeaus erineaus). Due to this frequent occurrence, it has be...

    Authors: Faruk Dube, Robert Söderlund, Matilda Lampinen Salomonsson, Karin Troell and Stefan Börjesson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:212
  36. Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania and presents different clinical manifestations. The adverse effects, immunosuppression and resistant strains associated with this...

    Authors: Ana Patricia Cacua Gélvez, José Antonio Picanço Diniz Junior, Rebecca Thereza Silva Santa Brígida and Ana Paula Drummond Rodrigues
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:211
  37. Acinetobacter baumannii ability to develop and acquire resistance makes it one of the most critical nosocomial pathogens globally. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was applied to identify the acquired or mutational ...

    Authors: Gamal Wareth, Christian Brandt, Lisa D. Sprague, Heinrich Neubauer and Mathias W. Pletz
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:210
  38. Accumulating evidence have shown that the intestinal microbiota plays an important role in prevention of host obesity and metabolism disorders. Recent studies also demonstrate that early life is the key time f...

    Authors: Z. H. Miao, W. X. Zhou, R. Y. Cheng, H. J. Liang, F. L. Jiang, X. Shen, J. H. Lu, M. Li and F. He
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:209
  39. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant and colistin-resistant ECC pose a huge challenge to infection control. The purpose of this study was to clarify the mechanism of the carbapenems and colistin co-resistance...

    Authors: Shixing Liu, Renchi Fang, Ying Zhang, Lijiang Chen, Na Huang, Kaihang Yu, Cui Zhou, Jianming Cao and Tieli Zhou
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:208
  40. Microbial contamination of edible low moisture food poses a significant public health risk for human. In this study, the microbial quality of sweet dehulled sesame seed croquettes, salted dehulled sesame seed ...

    Authors: Muller K. A. Compaoré, Bazoin Sylvain Raoul Bazie, Marguerite E. M. Nikiema, Virginie Marie Dakené, René Dembélé, Dissinviel Stéphane Kpoda, Elie Kabré and Nicolas Barro
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:207
  41. This study examined how rhizosphere fungi influence the accumulation of chemical components in fruits of a small population species of Cinnamomum migao.

    Authors: Jingzhong Chen, Xiaolong Huang, Bingli Tong, Deng Wang, Jiming Liu, Xiaofeng Liao and Qingwen Sun
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:206
  42. Aquaponics are food production systems advocated for food security and health. Their sustainability from a nutritional and plant health perspective is, however, a significant challenge. Recirculated aquacultur...

    Authors: Sammar Khalil, Preeti Panda, Farideh Ghadamgahi, AnnaKarin Rosberg and Ramesh R Vetukuri
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:205
  43. Diarrhea is an important ailment limiting the production of the Tibetan pig industry. Dynamic balance of the intestinal microbiota is important for the physiology of the animal. The objective of this work was ...

    Authors: Qinghui Kong, Suozhu Liu, Aoyun Li, Yaping Wang, Lihong Zhang, Mudassar Iqbal, Tariq Jamil, Zhenda Shang, Lang-sizhu Suo and Jiakui Li
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:204
  44. Staphylococcus aureus causes various infections, including skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). In this study, methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) from SSTIs among patients in three tertiary-care hospita...

    Authors: Nikolaos Giormezis, Anastassios Doudoulakakis, Katerina Tsilipounidaki, Maria Militsopoulou, George Kalogeras, Vasiliki Stamouli, Fevronia Kolonitsiou, Efthimia Petinaki, Evangelia Lebessi and Iris Spiliopoulou
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:203
  45. The human gut microbiome harbors a collection of bacterial antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) known as the resistome. The factors associated with establishment of the resistome in early life are not well un...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Lebeaux, Modupe O. Coker, Erika F. Dade, Thomas J. Palys, Hilary G. Morrison, Benjamin D. Ross, Emily R. Baker, Margaret R. Karagas, Juliette C. Madan and Anne G. Hoen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:201
  46. Triosephosphate isomerase (Tpi1) is a glycolytic enzyme that has recently been reported also to be an atypical proteinaceous component of the Candida yeast cell wall. Similar to other known candidal “moonlighting...

    Authors: Dorota Satala, Grzegorz Satala, Marcin Zawrotniak and Andrzej Kozik
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:199

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