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  1. Content type: Research article

    Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the etiologic agent of diphtheria and different systemic infections. The bacterium has been classically described as an extracellular pathogen. However, a number of studies revealed...

    Authors: Dulanthi Weerasekera, Franziska Stengel, Heinrich Sticht, Ana Luíza de Mattos Guaraldi, Andreas Burkovski and Camila Azevedo Antunes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:106

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria interact with their eukaryotic hosts by deploying the type III translocon to inject effector proteins into the cytosol of eukaryotic cells. The translocon compositions, the nu...

    Authors: Xuan Wang, Liyuan Zhang, Hongtao Ji, Xuyan Mo, Ping Li, Junzhi Wang and Hansong Dong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:105

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Microorganisms specifically bacteria play a crucial role in arsenic mobilization and its distribution in aquatic systems. Although bacteria are well known for their active participation in the different biogeo...

    Authors: Saurav Das and Madhumita Barooah

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:104

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The Gram-negative phytopathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris recruits the hrp/T3SS system to inject pathogenicity effector proteins into host cells and uses the rpf/DSF cell-cell signaling sy...

    Authors: Bo-Le Jiang, Guo-Feng Jiang, Wei Liu, Li-Chao Yang, Li-Yan Yang, Lin Wang, Xiao-Hong Hang and Ji-Liang Tang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:103

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Anthrax, the zoonotic disease caused by the gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis, is nowadays rare in northern parts of Europe including Finland and Scandinavia. Only two minor outbreaks of anthrax in 1988 ...

    Authors: Taru Lienemann, Wolfgang Beyer, Kirsti Pelkola, Heidi Rossow, Alexandra Rehn, Markus Antwerpen and Gregor Grass

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:102

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial growth is an important topic in microbiology and of crucial importance to better understand living cells. Bacterial growth dynamics are quantitatively examined using various methods to determine the ...

    Authors: Kouhei Tsuchiya, Yang-Yang Cao, Masaomi Kurokawa, Kazuha Ashino, Tetsuya Yomo and Bei-Wen Ying

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:101

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  7. Content type: Methodology article

    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the best-known zoonotic bacterial species, which pathogenic strain can cause infections in humans and animals. However, existing technologies or methods are deficient for quic...

    Authors: Haixu Xu, Fang Tang, Jianjun Dai, Chengming Wang and Xin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:100

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) is one of the most important commercial herbivorous fish in China, and dietary transition is an important event in blunt snout bream development. Gut microbiota ha...

    Authors: Jin Wei, Xianwu Guo, Han Liu, Yuanyuan Chen and Weimin Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:99

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In many Asian countries including Bangladesh E. coli O157 are prevalent in animal reservoirs and in the food chain, but the incidence of human infection due to E. coli O157 is rare. One of the reasons could be in...

    Authors: Mahdia Rahman, Ashikun Nabi, Md Asadulghani, Shah M. Faruque and Mohammad Aminul Islam

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:98

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Phage therapy is the therapeutic use of bacteriophages to treat highly drug resistant bacterial infections. The current surge in bacteriophage therapy is motivated mainly because of the emergence of antibiotic...

    Authors: Prasanth Manohar, Ramesh Nachimuthu and Bruno S. Lopes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:97

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Non typhoidal salmonellosis is one of the neglected zoonoses in most African countries. The use of sub-therapeutic doses of antibiotics as animal growth promoter enhances the emergence and dissemination of ant...

    Authors: Adewale Adetoye, Eric Pinloche, Bolanle A. Adeniyi and Funmilola A. Ayeni

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:96

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The functioning of DNA repair systems is based on correct interactions between proteins involved in DNA repair. Very Short Patch (VSP) repair is a DNA repair system that corrects mismatches resulting from the ...

    Authors: Monika Adamczyk-Popławska, Katarzyna Bandyra and Agnieszka Kwiatek

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:95

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKP) is emerging around the Asian-Pacific region and it is the major cause of the community-acquired pyogenic liver abscesses. Multidrug-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pn...

    Authors: Qiucheng Shi, Peng Lan, Danyan Huang, Xiaoting Hua, Yan Jiang, Jiancang Zhou and Yunsong Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:94

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant gastrointestinal tumor. In China, CRC is the 5th most commonly diagnosed cancer. The vast majority of CRC cases are sporadic and evolve with the adenoma-carcinoma ...

    Authors: Yongzhen Zhang, Xin Yu, Enda Yu, Na Wang, Quancai Cai, Qun Shuai, Feihu Yan, Lufang Jiang, Hexing Wang, Jianxiang Liu, Yue Chen, Zhaoshen Li and Qingwu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:92

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) is one of the most common food-borne diseases in the world. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and spa typing methods were used to chara...

    Authors: Feng Liao, Wenpeng Gu, Zushun Yang, Zhishuo Mo, Lu Fan, Yidan Guo, Xiaoqing Fu, Wen Xu, Chaoqun Li and Jiejie Dai

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:91

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Apple canker is a devastating branch disease caused by Valsa mali (Vm). The endophytic actinomycete Saccharothrix yanglingensis Hhs.015 (Sy Hhs.015) can effectively inhibit the growth of Vm. To reveal the mechani...

    Authors: Cong Liu, Dongying Fan, Yanfang Li, Yue Chen, Lili Huang and Xia Yan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:90

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The naked mole-rat (NMR, Heterocephalus glaber) is being bred as a novel laboratory animal due to its unique biological characteristics, including longevity, cancer resistance, hypoxia tolerance, and pain insensi...

    Authors: Wei Cong, Jin Xing, Yufang Feng, Ji Wang, Rui Fu, Bingfei Yue, Zhengming He, Lifang Lin, Wenjing Yang, Jishuai Cheng, Wei Sun and Shufang Cui

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:89

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction (CLAD) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality after the first year following lung transplantation (LTx). Risk factors of CLAD have been extensively studied, but the ass...

    Authors: Sarah Orfanos, Carine Gomez, Sophie Baron, Ritesh Akkisetty, Nadine Dufeu, Bérengère Coltey, Pascal Alexandre Thomas, Jean Marc Rolain and Martine Reynaud-Gaubert

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:88

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection-induced duodenal ulcer remains to be elucidated. Duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion is the most important protective factor against acid-induced m...

    Authors: Guorong Wen, Shili Deng, Wenfeng Song, Hai Jin, Jingyu Xu, Xuemei Liu, Rui Xie, Penghong Song and Biguang Tuo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:87

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Yersinia enterocolitica is widespread within the humans, pigs and wild boars. The low isolation rate of Y. enterocolitica from food or environmental and clinical samples may be caused by limited sensitivity of cu...

    Authors: Katarzyna Morka, Jarosław Bystroń, Jacek Bania, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Kamila Korzekwa, Katarzyna Guz-Regner and Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:86

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) have several biochemical advantageous properties especially for a candidate of drug carrier. However, the non-conjugated AuNP has a higher rate of cellular uptake than the conjugated ...

    Authors: Sujittra Taratummarat, Naunpun Sangphech, Chau Tran Bao Vu, Tanapat Palaga, Thunnicha Ondee, Saowapha Surawut, Amornpun Sereemaspun, Patcharee Ritprajak and Asada Leelahavanichkul

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:85

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  22. Content type: Methodology article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterial pathogen responsible for both acute and chronic infections in humans. In particular, its ability to form biofilm, on biotic and abiotic surfaces, makes it part...

    Authors: Eva Pericolini, Bruna Colombari, Gianmarco Ferretti, Ramona Iseppi, Andrea Ardizzoni, Massimo Girardis, Arianna Sala, Samuele Peppoloni and Elisabetta Blasi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:84

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  23. Content type: Research article

    This study investigates a comparative multivariate approach for studying the biodegradation of chemically dispersed oil. The rationale for this approach lies in the inherent complexity of the data and challeng...

    Authors: Deni Ribicic, Kelly Marie McFarlin, Roman Netzer, Odd Gunnar Brakstad, Anika Winkler, Mimmi Throne-Holst and Trond Røvik Størseth

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:83

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Since recognizing the interaction between Brucella and host cells is crucial to the elucidation of the infectious process, Brucella researches have prioritized the investigation of genes related to pathogenicity....

    Authors: Myunghwan Jung, Soojin Shim, Young Bin Im, Woo Bin Park and Han Sang Yoo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:82

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Background In many works, the chemical composition of bacterially-produced elemental selenium nanoparticles (Se0-nanoparticles) was investigated using electron dispersive X-ray analysis. The results suggest that ...

    Authors: Janine Kessi and Stefan Hörtensteiner

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:81

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial ghosts (BGs) are empty bacterial cell envelopes generated by releasing the cellular contents. In this study, a phage infecting Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 (L. casei 393) was isolated and designated Lcb...

    Authors: Rui Hou, Muzi Li, Tingting Tang, Ruichong Wang, Yijing Li, Yigang Xu, Lijie Tang, Li Wang, Min Liu, Yanping Jiang, Wen Cui and Xinyuan Qiao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:80

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  27. Content type: Research

    Sepsis refers to clinical presentations ranging from mild body dysfunction to multiple organ failure. These clinical symptoms result from a systemic inflammatory response to pathogenic or potentially pathogeni...

    Authors: Monica Martins Pereira Faria, Brent Warren Winston, Michael Gordon Surette and John Maynard Conly

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:79

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella vaccination is one of the control measure that farmers can use to reduce bacterial shedding in their flocks. This study aimed to examine the efficacy of the Vaxsafe® ST (Strain STM-1) attenuated live v...

    Authors: Pardeep Sharma, Charles Caraguel, Margaret Sexton, Andrea McWhorter, Greg Underwood, Karen Holden and Kapil Chousalkar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:78

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Moraxella catarrhalis (M. catarrhalis) is an important bacterial pathogen. However, its antibiotic susceptibility patterns in different areas are difficult to compare because of the use of different methods and j...

    Authors: Wei Shi, Denian Wen, Changhui Chen, Lin Yuan, Wei Gao, Ping Tang, Xiaoping Cheng and Kaihu Yao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:77

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Lactococcus lactis is the main component of the mesophilic starters used in cheese manufacture. The success of milk fermentation relies on the viability and metabolic activity of the starter bacteria. Therefore, ...

    Authors: María Jesús López-González, Ana Belén Campelo, Antonia Picon, Ana Rodríguez and Beatriz Martínez

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:76

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of Legionnaire’s disease, may enter a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state triggered by environmental stress conditions. Specific outer-membrane epitopes of L. pneumo...

    Authors: Barbara Schrammel, Markus Petzold, Sílvia Cervero-Aragó, Regina Sommer, Christian Lück and Alexander Kirschner

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:75

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis is the most serious endemic disease affecting livestock in the UK. The European badger (Meles meles) is the most important wildlife reservoir of bTB transmi...

    Authors: Anna Stedman, Carlos Maluquer de Motes, Sandrine Lesellier, Deanna Dalley, Mark Chambers and Jorge Gutierrez-Merino

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:74

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Efficient bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass to bioethanol is one of key challenges in the situation of increasing bioethanol demand. The ethanologenic microbes for such conversion are required to posses...

    Authors: Nadchanok Rodrussamee, Pachara Sattayawat and Mamoru Yamada

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:73

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Tween® 80 is a frequently used supplement of media for the cultivation of lactic acid bacteria. We investigated its effect on the cell physiology and stress tolerance of Lactobacillus (L.) plantarum. Data on the ...

    Authors: Dominik Reitermayer, Thomas A. Kafka, Christian A. Lenz and Rudi F. Vogel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:72

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Actinobacteria are often known to be great producers of antibiotics. The rapid increase in the global burden of antibiotic-resistance with the concurrent decline in the discovery of new antimicrobial molecules...

    Authors: Ranjita Das, Wahengbam Romi, Rictika Das, Hridip Kumar Sharma and Debajit Thakur

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:71

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The rumen bacterial community plays a critical role in feeds degradation and productivity. The effects of different forage to concentrate ratios on the ruminal microbial population structure have been studied ...

    Authors: Yanliang Bi, Shuqin Zeng, Rong Zhang, Qiyu Diao and Yan Tu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:69

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Bacillus endophyticus is a soil plant-endophytic bacterium, while B. anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax. The virulence factors of B. anthracis are the plasmid encoded tripartite toxins (pXO1) and poly-γ-...

    Authors: Kgaugelo Edward Lekota, Oliver Keoagile Ignatius Bezuidt, Joseph Mafofo, Jasper Rees, Farai Catherine Muchadeyi, Evelyn Madoroba and Henriette van Heerden

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:67

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Microorganisms have evolved a number of mechanisms to thrive in cold environments, including the production of antifreeze proteins, high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and ergosterol. In this work, sev...

    Authors: Pablo Villarreal, Mario Carrasco, Salvador Barahona, Jennifer Alcaíno, Víctor Cifuentes and Marcelo Baeza

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:66

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Two strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (ATCC 17802 and 33847) in shrimp, oyster, freshwater fish, pork, chicken and egg fried rice were evaluated for production of hemolysin and exoenzymes of potential importance...

    Authors: Rundong Wang, Lijun Sun, Yaling Wang, Yijia Deng, Zhijia Fang, Ying Liu, Qi Deng, Dongfang Sun and Ravi Gooneratne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:65

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Leptospira interrogans is a pathogenic, spirochetal bacterium that is responsible for leptospirosis, an emerging worldwide zoonosis. Leptospires colonize the renal proximal tubules and chronically infect the kidn...

    Authors: Takayoshi Yamaguchi, Naomi Higa, Nobuhiko Okura, Arina Matsumoto, Idam Hermawan, Tetsu Yamashiro, Toshihiko Suzuki and Claudia Toma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:64

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Galleria mellonella larvae were infected with conidia of Aspergillus fumigatus and the cellular and humoral immune responses of larvae to the pathogen were characterized as invasive aspergillosis developed.

    Authors: Gerard Sheehan, Gráinne Clarke and Kevin Kavanagh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:63

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  42. Content type: Methodology article

    The development of vaccines and evaluation of novel treatment strategies for invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) disease requires suitable models of human infection that can be monitored longitudinally and a...

    Authors: L. E. Lamb, X. Zhi, F. Alam, M. Pyzio, C. L. Scudamore, S. Wiles and S. Sriskandan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:60

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Airway epithelium is the primary target for pathogens. It functions not only as a mechanical barrier, but also as an important sentinel of the innate immune system. However, the interactions and processes betw...

    Authors: Yinghua Li, Guangnan Liu, Jianquan Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong and Zhiyi He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:58

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