Skip to content



Page 5 of 72

  1. Content type: Research article

    Bacillus endophyticus is a soil plant-endophytic bacterium, while B. anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax. The virulence factors of B. anthracis are the plasmid encoded tripartite toxins (pXO1) and poly-γ-...

    Authors: Kgaugelo Edward Lekota, Oliver Keoagile Ignatius Bezuidt, Joseph Mafofo, Jasper Rees, Farai Catherine Muchadeyi, Evelyn Madoroba and Henriette van Heerden

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:67

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Microorganisms have evolved a number of mechanisms to thrive in cold environments, including the production of antifreeze proteins, high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and ergosterol. In this work, sev...

    Authors: Pablo Villarreal, Mario Carrasco, Salvador Barahona, Jennifer Alcaíno, Víctor Cifuentes and Marcelo Baeza

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:66

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Two strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (ATCC 17802 and 33847) in shrimp, oyster, freshwater fish, pork, chicken and egg fried rice were evaluated for production of hemolysin and exoenzymes of potential importance...

    Authors: Rundong Wang, Lijun Sun, Yaling Wang, Yijia Deng, Zhijia Fang, Ying Liu, Qi Deng, Dongfang Sun and Ravi Gooneratne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:65

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Leptospira interrogans is a pathogenic, spirochetal bacterium that is responsible for leptospirosis, an emerging worldwide zoonosis. Leptospires colonize the renal proximal tubules and chronically infect the kidn...

    Authors: Takayoshi Yamaguchi, Naomi Higa, Nobuhiko Okura, Arina Matsumoto, Idam Hermawan, Tetsu Yamashiro, Toshihiko Suzuki and Claudia Toma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:64

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Galleria mellonella larvae were infected with conidia of Aspergillus fumigatus and the cellular and humoral immune responses of larvae to the pathogen were characterized as invasive aspergillosis developed.

    Authors: Gerard Sheehan, Gráinne Clarke and Kevin Kavanagh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:63

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Methodology article

    The development of vaccines and evaluation of novel treatment strategies for invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) disease requires suitable models of human infection that can be monitored longitudinally and a...

    Authors: L. E. Lamb, X. Zhi, F. Alam, M. Pyzio, C. L. Scudamore, S. Wiles and S. Sriskandan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:60

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Applied microbiology

    The genus Bacillus includes a great variety of species with potential applications in biotechnology. While species such as B. subtilis or B. licheniformis are well-known and used to provide various products at in...

    Authors: Simon Heinze, Petra Kornberger, Christian Grätz, Wolfgang H. Schwarz, Vladimir V. Zverlov and Wolfgang Liebl

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:56

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Bacillus strains producing highly resistant spores have been isolated from cleanrooms and space craft assembly facilities. Organisms that can survive such conditions merit planetary protection concern and if that...

    Authors: Madhan R. Tirumalai, Victor G. Stepanov, Andrea Wünsche, Saied Montazari, Racquel O. Gonzalez, Kasturi Venkateswaran and George E. Fox

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:57

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Shiga toxin producing E. coli (STEC) is an emerging zoonotic pathogen that can cause acute renal failure, especially in children. Clinical microbiology laboratories may fail to detect STEC and other diarrhoeic E....

    Authors: John Bosco Kalule, Karen H. Keddy and Mark P. Nicol

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:55

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Airway epithelium is the primary target for pathogens. It functions not only as a mechanical barrier, but also as an important sentinel of the innate immune system. However, the interactions and processes betw...

    Authors: Yinghua Li, Guangnan Liu, Jianquan Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong and Zhiyi He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:58

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Pu-erh tea is a traditional Chinese tea and produced by natural solid-state fermentation. Several studies show that the natural microbiota influence caffeine level in pu-erh tea. Our previous research also fou...

    Authors: Binxing Zhou, Cunqiang Ma, Hongzhen Wang and Tao Xia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:53

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Avian β-defensins (AvBD) are cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMP) with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, chemotactic property, and low host cytotoxicity. However, their bactericidal activity is greatly ...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Chunye Zhang, Michael Z. Zhang and Shuping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:54

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Iron plays important roles in the growth, reproduction and pathogenicity of Aeromonas hydrophila. In this study, we detected and compared the mRNA and protein expression profiles of A. hydrophila under normal and...

    Authors: Tao Teng, Bingwen Xi, Kai Chen, Liangkun Pan, Jun Xie and Pao Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:52

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Exploiting soil microorganisms in the rhizosphere of plants can significantly improve agricultural productivity; however, the mechanism by which microorganisms specifically affect agricultural productivity is ...

    Authors: Zhaohui Wu, Qingshu Liu, Zhenyu Li, Wei Cheng, Jimin Sun, Zhaohui Guo, Yongmei Li, Jianqun Zhou, Delong Meng, Hongbo Li, Ping Lei and Huaqun Yin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:51

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Database

    Recent research has provided fascinating indications and evidence that the host health is linked to its microbial inhabitants. Due to the development of high-throughput sequencing technologies, more and more d...

    Authors: Yorick Janssens, Joachim Nielandt, Antoon Bronselaer, Nathan Debunne, Frederick Verbeke, Evelien Wynendaele, Filip Van Immerseel, Yves-Paul Vandewynckel, Guy De Tré and Bart De Spiegeleer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:50

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a zoonotic pathogen, causing mild gastrointestinal infection in humans. From this comparatively benign pathogenic species emerged the highly virulent plague bacillus, Yersinia pesti...

    Authors: Samuel J. Willcocks, Richard A. Stabler, Helen S. Atkins, Petra F. Oyston and Brendan W. Wren

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:46

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Pathogen avirulence (Avr) genes can evolve rapidly when challenged by the widespread deployment of host genes for resistance. They can be effectively isolated by positional cloning provided a robust and well-popu...

    Authors: Tonghui Li, Jianqiang Wen, Yaling Zhang, James Correll, Ling Wang and Qinghua Pan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:47

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Identification and characterization of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) with reduced susceptibility to β-lactam antibiotics due to mutations in penicillin binding protein 3 (PBP3) is a clinical challeng...

    Authors: John Thegerström, Erika Matuschek, Yu-Ching Su, Kristian Riesbeck and Fredrik Resman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:48

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Mice are a natural host for Rodentibacter (R.) pneumotropicus. Despite specific monitoring, it is still one of the most important infectious agents in laboratory animals. The objective of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Juliane Fornefett, Jaqueline Krause, Kristin Klose, Felix Fingas, Rayk Hassert, Laurentiu Benga, Thomas Grunwald, Uwe Müller, Wieland Schrödl and Christoph Georg Baums

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:45

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistant Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS) have limited treatment options, rendered diseases untreatable and made hospitals to be reservoirs of the resistant strains. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Serawit Deyno, Sintayehu Fekadu and Sisay Seyfe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:43

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Brucella causes a chronic and debilitating infection that leads to great economic losses and a public health burden. In this study, we demonstrated the brucellacidal effect of heat shock mediated by the induction...

    Authors: Huynh Tan Hop, Lauren Togonon Arayan, Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo Reyes, Tran Xuan Ngoc Huy, Won Gi Min, Hu Jang Lee, Man Hee Rhee, Hong Hee Chang and Suk Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:44

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    The formation of biofilms and subsequent encasement of bacterial cells in a complex matrix can enhance resistance to antimicrobials and sterilizing agents making these organisms difficult to eradicate and cont...

    Authors: Salma A Lajhar, Jeremy Brownlie and Robert Barlow

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:41

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2018 18:61

  23. Content type: Research article

    Alleviating arsenic (As) contamination is a high-priority environmental issue. Hyperaccumulator plants may harbor endophytic bacteria able to detoxify As. Therefore, we investigated the distribution, diversity...

    Authors: Yunfu Gu, Yingyan Wang, Yihao Sun, Ke Zhao, Quanju Xiang, Xiumei Yu, Xiaoping Zhang and Qiang Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:42

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Over 65% of human infections are ascribed to bacterial biofilms that are often highly resistant to antibiotics and host immunity. Staphylococcus epidermidis is the predominant cause of recurrent nosocomial and bi...

    Authors: Charles Ochieng’ Olwal, Paul Oyieng’ Ang’ienda, David Miruka Onyango and Daniel Otieno Ochiel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:40

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Methodology Article

    Global warming has triggered an increase in the prevalence and severity of coral disease, yet little is known about coral/pathogen interactions in the early stages of infection. The point of entry of the patho...

    Authors: E. Gibbin, A. Gavish, I. Domart-Coulon, E. Kramarsky-Winter, O. Shapiro, A. Meibom and A. Vardi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:39

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Carbapenemases-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are a worldwide public health emergency. In Mexico, reports of CPE are limited, particularly in the pediatric population. Here, we describe the clinical, epide...

    Authors: Alejandra Aquino-Andrade, Jocelin Merida-Vieyra, Eduardo Arias de la Garza, Patricia Arzate-Barbosa and Agustín De Colsa Ranero

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:38

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    An issue associated with efficient bioethanol production is the fact that the desired product is toxic to the biocatalyst. Among other effects, ethanol has previously been found to influence the membrane of E. co...

    Authors: Katherine M. Lupino, Kymberleigh A. Romano, Matthew J. Simons, John T. Gregg, Leanna Panepinto, Ghislaine M. Cruz, Lauren Grajek, Gregory A. Caputo, Mark J. Hickman and Gregory B. Hecht

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:36

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Enterocytozoon bieneusi, the most commonly identified microsporidian species in humans, is also identified in livestock, birds, rodents, reptiles, companion animals, even wastewater. However, there is no informat...

    Authors: Lei Deng, Wei Li, Zhijun Zhong, Yijun Chai, Leli Yang, Hang Zheng, Wuyou Wang, Hualin Fu, Min He, Xiangming Huang, Zhicai Zuo, Ya Wang, Suizhong Cao, Haifeng Liu, Xiaoping Ma, Kongju Wu…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:37

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research

    Staphylococcus aureus cell wall anchored Serine Aspartate repeat containing protein D (SdrD) is a member of the microbial surface component recognising adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMMs). It is involved in the ...

    Authors: Clement Ajayi, Espen Åberg, Fatemeh Askarian, Johanna U. E. Sollid, Mona Johannessen and Anne-Merethe Hanssen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:34

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Porcine tonsils are lympho-epithelial tissues, colonized by numerous bacteria and viruses, that act as a reservoir for both host-specific pathogens and zoonotic pathogens with a high potential of transmission ...

    Authors: Luis Carlos Pena Cortes, Rhiannon M. LeVeque, Julie Funk, Terence L. Marsh and Martha H. Mulks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:35

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Many gram-negative bacteria produce an outer membrane phospholipase A (PldA) that plays an important role in outer membrane function and is associated with virulence.

    Authors: Christopher M. Stead, Diane C. Cockrell, Paul A. Beare, Heather E. Miller and Robert A. Heinzen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:33

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacteriosis caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), is among the most chronic diseases of aquatic animals. In addition, fish mycobacteriosis has substantial economic consequences especially in the aq...

    Authors: Nomakorinte Gcebe, Anita L. Michel and Tiny Motlatso Hlokwe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:32

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Correction

    Upon publication of the original article (1) it was highlighted by the authors that a grant awarded to support the research work of the study was missed in the acknowledgements. It should also be acknowledged ...

    Authors: Shijun Li, Qing Ma, Hong Chen, Dingming Wang, Ying Liu, Xiaoyu Wei, Lv You, Guanghai Yao, Kecheng Tian and Guangpeng Tang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:31

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2015 15:77

  34. Content type: Research article

    Changes in nutrient availability have dramatic and well-defined impacts on both transcription and translation in bacterial cells. At the same time, the role of post-translational control in adaptation to nutri...

    Authors: Norbert S. Hill, Jason D. Zuke, P. J. Buske, An-Chun Chien and Petra Anne Levin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:29

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    We and others have previously shown that alterations in the mammalian gut microbiome are associated with diet, notably early life exposure to a maternal high fat diet (HFD). Here, we aimed to further these stu...

    Authors: Ryan M. Pace, Amanda L. Prince, Jun Ma, Benjamin D. W. Belfort, Alexia S. Harvey, Min Hu, Karalee Baquero, Peter Blundell, Diana Takahashi, Tyler Dean, Paul Kievit, Elinor L. Sullivan, Jacob E. Friedman, Kevin Grove and Kjersti M. Aagaard

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:28

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    The expansion of offshore oil exploration increases the risk of marine species being exposed to oil pollution in currently pristine areas. The adverse effects of oil exposure through toxic properties of polycy...

    Authors: Andrea Bagi, Even Sannes Riiser, Hilde Steine Molland, Bastiaan Star, Thomas H. A. Haverkamp, Magne Olav Sydnes and Daniela Maria Pampanin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:25

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    The spreading of antibiotic resistant bacteria is becoming nowadays an alarming threat to human and animal health. There is increasing evidence showing that wild birds could significantly contribute to the tra...

    Authors: Houssem Ben Yahia, Rym Ben Sallem, Ghassan Tayh, Naouel Klibi, Insaf Ben Amor, Haythem Gharsa, Abdellatif Boudabbous and Karim Ben Slama

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:26

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Within the polymicrobial dental plaque biofilm, bacteria kill competitors by excreting mixtures of bacteriocins, resulting in improved fitness and survival. Inhibiting their bacteriocin synthesis might therefo...

    Authors: Priyanka Premnath, Michael Reck, Kathrin Wittstein, Marc Stadler and Irene Wagner-Döbler

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:24

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Nonencapsulated Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria are successful colonizers of the human nasopharynx and often possess genes aliB-like ORF 1 and 2 in place of capsule genes. AliB-like ORF 2 binds peptide FPPQSV, ...

    Authors: Fauzy Nasher, Sunniva Förster, Efe C. Yildirim, Denis Grandgirard, Stephen L. Leib, Manfred Heller and Lucy J. Hathaway

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:23

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to identify mutations of rpoB, katG, inhA and ahp-genes associated Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistance to rifampicin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH) in Kyrgyz Republic. We studied 633 smear ...

    Authors: Jainagul Isakova, Nurmira Sovkhozova, Denis Vinnikov, Zoy Goncharova, Elnura Talaibekova, Nazira Aldasheva and Almaz Aldashev

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:22

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to examine effects of nitrate on ruminal methane production, methanogen abundance, and composition. Six rumen-fistulated Limousin×Jinnan steers were fed diets supplemented with either ...

    Authors: Liping Zhao, Qingxiang Meng, Yan Li, Hao Wu, Yunlong Huo, Xinzhuang Zhang and Zhenming Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:21

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    The cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) second messenger exemplifies a signaling system that regulates many bacterial behaviors of key importance; among them, c-di-GMP controls the transition between motile and sessile l...

    Authors: Alberto Ramírez Mata, César Millán Pacheco, José F. Cruz Pérez, Martha Minjárez Sáenz and Beatriz E. Baca

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:20

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    A remarkable exception to the large genetic diversity often observed for bacteriophages infecting a specific bacterial host was found for the Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) phages, which a...

    Authors: Lucy Cheng, Laura J. Marinelli, Noël Grosset, Sorel T. Fitz-Gibbon, Charles A. Bowman, Brian Q. Dang, Daniel A. Russell, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Baochen Shi, Matteo Pellegrini, Jeff F. Miller, Michel Gautier, Graham F. Hatfull and Robert L. Modlin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:19

    Published on: