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  1. Holobionts comprising nitrogen-fixing diazotrophs and phytoplankton or zooplankton are ubiquitous in the pelagic sea. However, neither the community structure of plankton-associated diazotrophs (PADs) nor thei...

    Authors: Qing-Song Yang, Jun-De Dong, Manzoor Ahmad, Juan Ling, Wei-Guo Zhou, Ye-Hui Tan, Yuan-Zhou Zhang, Dan-Dan Shen and Yan-Ying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The low bacterial load in samples acquired from the lungs, have made studies on the airway microbiome vulnerable to contamination from bacterial DNA introduced during sampling and laboratory processing. We hav...

    Authors: Christine Drengenes, Harald G. Wiker, Tharmini Kalananthan, Eli Nordeide, Tomas M. L. Eagan and Rune Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is a leading cause of food poisoning and is of great importance to public health due to the frequency and seriousness of the diseases. The simple, timely and efficien...

    Authors: Yunyun Geng, Ke Tan, Libing Liu, Xiao Xia Sun, Baohua Zhao and Jianchang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:186

    Content type: Methodology article

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  4. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of early-onset disease (EOD) and late-onset disease (LOD) in infants. We sought to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility profiles, resistance genes, virulence-re...

    Authors: Benqing Wu, Jinzhen Su, Li Li, Weiyuan Wu, Jingsong Wu, Yuemei Lu, Wenqing Li, Jin’e Cheng and Xunhong Liang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:185

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Helicobacter pylori recurrence after successful eradication is an important problem. Children are particularly vulnerable to reinfection, by intrafamilial transmission which facilitates the acquisition or recombi...

    Authors: Sandra Mendoza-Elizalde, Ana Caren Cortés-Márquez, Gerardo Zuñiga, René Cerritos, Pedro Valencia-Mayoral, Alejandra Consuelo Sánchez, Hector Olivares-Clavijo and Norma Velázquez-Guadarrama

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is one of the commonest microsporidians contributing to human microsporidiosis, and is frequently found in animals in various countries. However, there is limited epidemiological informati...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Anson V. Koehler, Tao Wang, David Cunliffe and Robin B. Gasser

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Salmonella enterica is regarded as a major public health threat worldwide. Salmonella secretes the novel translocated effector protein K2 (SseK2), but it is unclear whether this protein plays a significant role i...

    Authors: Xiaojie Zhang, Lei He, Chunjie Zhang, Chuan Yu, Yadong Yang, Yanyan Jia, Xiangchao Cheng, Yinju Li, Chengshui Liao, Jing Li, Zuhua Yu and Fuyu Du

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The Chinese believe that the meat of pigs reared in the past with free range tastes better than that of the pigs reared indoor on a large scale today. Gastrointestinal microflora is closely associated with the...

    Authors: Keke Qi, Xiaoming Men, Jie Wu and Ziwei Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Early pathogen detection and identification are crucial for an effective and targeted antibiotic therapy in patients suffering from blood stream infection. Molecular diagnostic methods can accelerate pathogen ...

    Authors: Matthias Pilecky, Anita Schildberger, Ludwig Knabl, Dorothea Orth-Höller and Viktoria Weber

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Methodology article

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  10. Key mechanisms of cell division and its regulation are well understood in model bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. In contrast, current knowledge on the regulation of cell division in Actino...

    Authors: Kim Julia Kraxner, Tino Polen, Meike Baumgart and Michael Bott

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:179

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Clarithromycin-resistance is becoming a global health concern in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). The mutant prevention concentration (MPC) represent the propensities of antimicrobial agents to s...

    Authors: Zi-Han Feng, Ling Fan, Jing Yang, Xing-Yue Huo, Yan Guo, Yi Zhang and Chun-Hui Lan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Over a one year period, swabs of 820 beef carcasses were tested for the presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli by performing Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in a novel technology termed “cassette PCR”...

    Authors: Dammika P. Manage, Jana Lauzon, Christina M. Jones, Patrick J. Ward, Linda M. Pilarski, Patrick M. Pilarski and Lynn M. McMullen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Food-producing animals, mainly poultry, have been associated with the maintenance and dissemination of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, to huma...

    Authors: Vanessa L. Koga, Renato P. Maluta, Wanderley D. da Silveira, Renan A. Ribeiro, Mariangela Hungria, Eliana C. Vespero, Gerson Nakazato and Renata K. T. Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:174

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Most species of Shewanella harbor two ferrochelatase paralogues for the biosynthesis of c-type cytochromes, which are crucial for their respiratory versatility. In our previous study of the Shewanella loihica PV-...

    Authors: Jingcheng Dai, Yaqi Liu, Shuangyuan Liu, Shuyang Li, Na Gao, Jing Wang, Jizhong Zhou and Dongru Qiu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Endophytic Fungi (EF) are an underexplored group of microorganisms as only a few plants have been studied with regards to their community. Diversity of EF found in young and old leaves of Enset plant has not b...

    Authors: Nitin M. Chauhan, Abdissa D. Gutama and Afras Aysa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:172

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Microbiome composition is frequently studied by the amplification and high-throughput sequencing of specific molecular markers (metabarcoding). Various hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA gene are classicall...

    Authors: Jean-Claude Ogier, Sylvie Pagès, Maxime Galan, Matthieu Barret and Sophie Gaudriault

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:171

    Content type: Methodology article

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  17. Probiotics play an important role in the human and animal defense against liver damage. However, the protective mechanism of Lactobacillus plantarum C88 on chronic liver injury induced by mycotoxin remains unclea...

    Authors: Li Huang, Zijian Zhao, Cuicui Duan, Chao Wang, Yujuan Zhao, Ge Yang, Lei Gao, Chunhua Niu, Jingbo Xu and Shengyu Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Over-the-counter intra-vaginal lactic-acid containing douches are marketed as vaginal hygiene products that support optimal vaginal pH balance. We report the effect of a commercially available douche (Etos®) o...

    Authors: C. van der Veer, S. M. Bruisten, R. van Houdt, A. A. Matser, G. Tachedjian, J. H. H. M. van de Wijgert, H. J. C. de Vries and J. J. van der Helm

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The human gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiota has been a subject of intense research throughout the 3rd Millennium. Now that a general picture about microbiota composition in health and disease is emerging,...

    Authors: Oula Peñate-Medina, Robert J. Tower, Tuula Peñate-Medina, Olga Will, Per E. J. Saris, Juho Suojanen, Timo Sorsa, Laura Huuskonen, Kaisa Hiippala, Reetta Satokari, Claus C. Glüer, Willem M. de Vos and Justus Reunanen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:167

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Enteric pathogens have developed mechanisms to disrupt tight junctions and increase gut permeability. Many studies have analysed the ability of live probiotics to protect intestinal epithelial cells against ti...

    Authors: Carina-Shianya Alvarez, Rosa Giménez, María-Alexandra Cañas, Rodrigo Vera, Natalia Díaz-Garrido, Josefa Badia and Laura Baldomà

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:166

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis. In Russia, there are more than 35 thousand anthrax stationary unfavourable sites. At the same time, there is very little pub...

    Authors: Sergey V. Pisarenko, Eugene I. Eremenko, Alla G. Ryazanova, Dmitry A. Kovalev, Nina P. Buravtseva, Lyudmila Yu. Aksenova, Anna Yu. Evchenko, Olga V. Semenova, Olga V. Bobrisheva, Irina V. Kuznetsova, Tatyana M. Golovinskaya, Dmitriy K. Tchmerenko, Alexander N. Kulichenko and Vitaliy Yu. Morozov

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Termites are an important food resource for many human populations around the world, and are a good supply of nutrients. The fungus-farming ‘higher’ termite members of Macrotermitinae are also consumed by mode...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Schnorr, Courtney A. Hofman, Shandukani R. Netshifhefhe, Frances D. Duncan, Tanvi P. Honap, Julie Lesnik and Cecil M. Lewis

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:164

    Content type: Research article

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  23. We previously identified a plant-derived phenolic compound ortho-coumaric acid (OCA) as an inhibitor of type III secretion system (T3SS) of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the pathogen causing bacterial leaf...

    Authors: Susu Fan, Fang Tian, Liwei Fang, Ching-Hong Yang and Chenyang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Linezolid-resistant enterococci pose great challenges in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to study the mechanisms underlying the resistance and genetic environment of antimicrobial resistance gene o...

    Authors: Hongbin Chen, Xiaojuan Wang, Yuyao Yin, Shuguang Li, Yawei Zhang, Qi Wang and Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:162

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Fusarium wilt of banana (Musa spp.) caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) is a typical soilborne disease, that severely devastates the banana industry worldwide, and soil microbial...

    Authors: Dengbo Zhou, Tao Jing, Yufeng Chen, Fei Wang, Dengfeng Qi, Renjun Feng, Jianghui Xie and Huaping Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  26. All living organisms experience physiological changes regulated by endogenous circadian rhythms. The main factor controlling the circadian clock is the duration of daylight. The aim of this research was to ide...

    Authors: Ksenia M. Klimina, Ekaterina G. Batotsyrenova, Roman A. Yunes, Elena H. Gilyaeva, Elena U. Poluektova, Taisia A. Kostrova, Anna V. Kudryavtseva, Maya V. Odorskaya, Vadim A. Kashuro, Artem S. Kasianov, Maksim B. Ivanov and Valery N. Danilenko

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The role of soil microorganisms in plant growth, nutrient utilization, drought tolerance as well as biocontrol activity cannot be over-emphasized, especially in this era when food crisis is a global challenge....

    Authors: Nicholas O. Igiehon, Olubukola O. Babalola and Bukola R. Aremu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:159

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Gastrodia elata is a widely distributed achlorophyllous orchid and is highly valued as both medicine and food. Gastrodia elata produces dust-like seeds and relies on mycorrhizal fungi for its germination and grow...

    Authors: Lin Chen, Yu-Chuan Wang, Li-Yuan Qin, Hai-Yan He, Xian-Lun Yu, Ming-Zhi Yang and Han-Bo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:158

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Staphylococcus epidermidis has emerged as an often encountered pathogen responsible for hospital-acquired infections. The aim of present study is to investigate the microbiological characteristic of S. epidermidi...

    Authors: Yinjuan Guo, Yu Ding, Li Liu, Xiaofei Shen, Zhihao Hao, Jingjing Duan, Ye Jin, Zengqiang Chen and Fangyou Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:157

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Enterococcus species continues to be an important cause of hospital-acquired infection worldwide. This study was designed to determine the antibiotic resistance profiles, virulence genes and molecular characte...

    Authors: Azin Sattari-Maraji, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Narges Node Farahani, Reza Beigverdi and Mohammad Emaneini

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is produced by microorganisms and plants via either tryptophan-dependent or tryptophan-independent pathways. Herein, we investigated the optimisation of IAA production by Streptomyces f...

    Authors: Ei Mon Myo, Beibei Ge, Jinjin Ma, Hailan Cui, Binghua Liu, Liming Shi, Mingguo Jiang and Kecheng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:155

    Content type: Research article

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  32. We used genetic Multi-Locus VNTR Analysis (MLVA) data gathered from surveillance efforts to better understand the ongoing bovine tuberculosis (bTB) epidemic in Northern Irish cattle herds. We modelled the fact...

    Authors: M. G. Milne, J. Graham, A. Allen, C. McCormick, E. Presho, R. Skuce and A. W. Byrne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:154

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Staphylococcus aureus remains a medical challenge in the treatment of bacterial infections. It has acquired resistance to commonly used antibiotics, and to those considered to be the last weapons in treating stap...

    Authors: Ghazal Tajbakhsh and Dasantila Golemi-Kotra

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  34. H. pylori exhibits antibiotic resistance with regional differences. In this paper, we explored antibiotic resistance of H. pylori to five antibiotics in an area with a high risk of gastric cancer.

    Authors: Dan Wang, Qianqian Guo, Yuan Yuan and Yuehua Gong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:152

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Flavobacterium columnare is the causative agent of columnaris disease that affects cultured freshwater fishes worldwide. F. columnare easily colonizes surfaces by forming biofilm, which helps the pathogen resist ...

    Authors: Wenlong Cai, Leonardo De La Fuente and Covadonga R. Arias

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:151

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance is increasing, and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been identified as a serious threat to human health. The production of β-lactamase is a key mechanism cont...

    Authors: Katherine Young, Ronald E. Painter, Susan L. Raghoobar, Nichelle N. Hairston, Fred Racine, Douglas Wisniewski, Carl J. Balibar, Artjohn Villafania, Rumin Zhang, Daniel F. Sahm, Timothy Blizzard, Nicholas Murgolo, Milton L. Hammond and Mary R. Motyl

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:150

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Adaptability to different environmental conditions is an essential characteristic of pathogenic microorganisms as it facilitates their invasion of host organisms. The most external component of pathogenic yeas...

    Authors: Justyna Karkowska-Kuleta, Dorota Satala, Oliwia Bochenska, Maria Rapala-Kozik and Andrzej Kozik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:149

    Content type: Research article

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  38. UK public health organisations perform routine antimicrobial susceptibility tests (ASTs) to characterise the potential for antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella enterica serovars. Genetic determinants of these r...

    Authors: Nana Mensah, Yue Tang, Shaun Cawthraw, Manal AbuOun, Jackie Fenner, Nicholas R. Thomson, Alison E. Mather and Liljana Petrovska-Holmes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The presence and activity of CRISPR-Cas defense systems is a hallmark of many prokaryotic microorganisms. Here, the distribution of sequences related to the highly iterated palindrome 1 (HIP1) element and the ...

    Authors: Ingeborg Scholz, Steffen C. Lott, Juliane Behler, Katrin Gärtner, Martin Hagemann and Wolfgang R. Hess

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:147

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Enterococcus faecalis is a major clinically relevant nosocomial bacterial pathogen frequently isolated from polymicrobial infections. The biofilm forming ability of E. faecalis attributes a key role in its virule...

    Authors: Karthika Suryaletha, Lekshmi Narendrakumar, Joby John, Megha Periyappilly Radhakrishnan, Sanil George and Sabu Thomas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Fecal samples are currently the most commonly studied proxy for gut microbiota. The gold standard of sample handling and storage for microbiota analysis is maintaining the cold chain during sample transfer and...

    Authors: Shirin Moossavi, Phillip A. Engen, Reza Ghanbari, Stefan J. Green, Ankur Naqib, Faraz Bishehsari, Shahin Merat, Hossein Poustchi, Ali Keshavarzian and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:145

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Due to the cave oligotrophic environment, this habitat presents a challenge for microorganisms to colonize and thrive. However, it has been well documented that microorganisms play important roles in cave deve...

    Authors: Apirak Wiseschart, Wuttichai Mhuantong, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang, Duriya Chantasingh and Kusol Pootanakit

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:144

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Complete and contiguous genome assemblies greatly improve the quality of subsequent systems-wide functional profiling studies and the ability to gain novel biological insights. While a de novo genome assembly ...

    Authors: Vincent Somerville, Stefanie Lutz, Michael Schmid, Daniel Frei, Aline Moser, Stefan Irmler, Jürg E. Frey and Christian H. Ahrens

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:143

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Persisters are rare phenotypic variants within a bacterial population that are capable of tolerating lethal antibiotic concentrations. Passage through stationary phase is associated with the formation of persi...

    Authors: Sandra J. Aedo, Mehmet A. Orman and Mark P. Brynildsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:140

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The brown planthopper (BPH) is likely the most destructive, piercing and sucking monophagous insect pest of rice that causes substantial economic losses to farmers. Although yeast-like symbionts (YLS) and virus t...

    Authors: Abhishek Ojha and Wenqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Recently, in India, there has been a shift from NDM to OXA48-like carbapenemases. OXA-181 and OXA-232 are the frequently produced variants of OXA48-like carbapenemases. OXA48-like carbapenemases are also known...

    Authors: Chaitra Shankar, Purva Mathur, Manigandan Venkatesan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Shalini Anandan, Surbhi Khurana and Balaji Veeraraghavan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:137

    Content type: Research article

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