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  1. Content type: Research article

    Response surface methodology (RSM) employing Box-Behnken design was used to optimize the environmental factors for the production of paromomycin, a 2 deoxystreptamine aminocyclitol aminoglycoside antibiotic, (...

    Authors: Asmaa A. Ibrahim, Ghadir S. El-Housseiny, Khaled M. Aboshanab, Mahmoud A. Yassien and Nadia A. Hassouna

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:18

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To describe the temporal dynamics, molecular characterization, clinical and ex vivo virulence of emerging O1:K1 neonatal meningitis Escherichia coli (NMEC) strains of Sequence Type complex (STc) 95 in France.

    Authors: Guillaume Geslain, André Birgy, Sandrine Adiba, Mélanie Magnan, Céline Courroux, Corinne Levy, Robert Cohen, Philippe Bidet and Stéphane Bonacorsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:17

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is known to modulate human health in a number of ways including altering the microbiome of the gut. Very few studies have examined the how obesity may affect the microbiomes of sites distant to the gut...

    Authors: Rebecca Vongsa, Doug Hoffman, Kristin Shepard and David Koenig

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:16

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Human adenovirus (Ad) infection leads to the changes of host cell gene expression and biosynthetic processes. Transcriptomics in adenovirus type 2 (Ad2)-infected lung fibroblasts (IMR-90) cells has previously ...

    Authors: Hongxing Zhao, Maoshan Chen, Alberto Valdés, Sara Bergström Lind and Ulf Pettersson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:15

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Cytokines play a vital role in the host immune response to infection by initiating the healing process and/or accelerating the progression of the disease in cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Very little evidence i...

    Authors: Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Buthsiri Sumanasena, Devika Iddawela, Susiji Wickramasinghe and Lalani Yatawara

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:14

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial helper-compounds may reverse antimicrobial resistance. Sertraline, a antidepressant drug, has been suggested as a tetracycline helper-compound. Tetracycline is the preferred antimicrobial for tre...

    Authors: Sofie Kromann, Anna Hvidtfeldt, Mette Boye, Dorte Bratbo Sørensen, Steffen Jørgensen, Jens Peter Nielsen and Rikke Heidemann Olsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:12

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Arcobacter faecis and A. lanthieri are two newly classified species of genus Arcobacter. The prevalence and distribution of virulence, antibiotic resistance and toxin (VAT) genes in these species are required to ...

    Authors: Matthew Zambri, Michel Cloutier, Zaky Adam, David R. Lapen, Graham Wilkes, Mark Sunohara, Edward Topp, Guylaine Talbot and Izhar U. H. Khan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:11

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The urinary tract is inhabited by a diversity of microorganisms, known as the genitourinary microbiota. Here, we investigated the association between the use of antimicrobial drugs and the composition of the g...

    Authors: M. Mulder, D. Radjabzadeh, R. J. Hassing, J. Heeringa, A. G. Uitterlinden, R. Kraaij, B. H. Stricker and A. Verbon

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:9

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  9. Content type: Research article

    As an important component of the causative agent of respiratory tract infections, enteric and eye infections, Human mastadenoviruses (HAdVs) species B spread easily in the crowd. In this study, we developed a ...

    Authors: Tao Wu, Haizhen Wu, Kangchen Zhao, Chaoyou Hu, Yiyue Ge, Xiaojuan Zhu, Xingchen Zhang, Minghao Zhou, Fengcai Zhu and Lunbiao Cui

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:8

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common vaginitis caused by Candida species,a frequently recurring condition. Fungal azole-resistant strains with azole-resistance have developed for long and wide explosion to ...

    Authors: Hong Liao, Shanling Liu, He Wang, Hang Su and Zhenjun Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:7

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  11. Content type: Research article

    There is an urgent need to develop potent antimicrobials for the treatment of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacterial pathogens. Paenipeptin C′ (C8-Pat) is a novel linear lipopeptide recently disco...

    Authors: Sun Hee Moon and En Huang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:6

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Bacillus velezensis is an endospore-forming, free-living soil bacterium with potential as a biopesticide against a broad spectrum of microbial pathogens of plants. Its potential for commercial development is enha...

    Authors: Elliot Nicholas Grady, Jacqueline MacDonald, Margaret T. Ho, Brian Weselowski, Tim McDowell, Ori Solomon, Justin Renaud and Ze-Chun Yuan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:5

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonosis caused by pathogenic prokaryotic microbes of the genus Leptospira. Although there are several reports in the literature, host-pathogen interaction is still poorly understood...

    Authors: Paloma L. da Silva, Fabiana Lauretti-Ferreira, Maiara Caldas de Lima, Swiany Silveira Lima, Ambart E. Covarrubias, Marcelo De Franco, Eneas Carvalho, Paulo Lee Ho, Renata M. A. da Costa, Elizabeth A. L. Martins and Josefa B. Da Silva

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:4

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To combat salinity, plants need easily accessible, safe and sustainable mechanisms for optimum growth. Recently, endophytes proved to be the promising candidates that helped the host plant to thrive under stre...

    Authors: Farzana Gul Jan, Muhammad Hamayun, Anwar Hussain, Gul Jan, Amjad Iqbal, Aman Khan and In-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:3

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Sugarcane is an important sugar and economic crop in the world. Ratoon stunting Disease (RSD) of sugarcane, caused by Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli, is widespread in countries and regions where sugarcane is grown an...

    Authors: Kai Zhu, Min Shao, Dan Zhou, Yong-Xiu Xing, Li-Tao Yang and Yang-Rui Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:2

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Little is known regarding the nasal microbiome in early childhood and the impact of respiratory infection on the infants’ nasal microbial composition. Here we investigated the temporal dynamics and diversity o...

    Authors: Mahrrouz Caputo, Beate Zoch-Lesniak, André Karch, Marius Vital, Frederic Meyer, Frank Klawonn, Armin Baillot, Dietmar H. Pieper and Rafael T. Mikolajczyk

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:1

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Here we investigated the influence of different stabilization and storage strategies on the quality and composition of the fecal microbial community. Namely, same-day isolated murine DNA was compared to sample...

    Authors: Samir V. Jenkins, Kieng B. Vang, Allen Gies, Robert J. Griffin, Se-Ran Jun, Intawat Nookaew and Ruud P. M. Dings

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:227

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the infectious agent of a wide variety of avian diseases, which causes substantial economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. Polyamines contribute to the optim...

    Authors: Priscila R. Guerra, Ana Herrero-Fresno, Victor Ladero, Begoña Redruello, Teresa Pires dos Santos, Malene R. Spiegelhauer, Lotte Jelsbak and John Elmerdahl Olsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:226

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Pullorum disease, caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum (S. Pullorum), is one of the most important bacterial infections in the poultry industry in developing countries, including China. To examine the p...

    Authors: Xiaodong Guo, Honglin Wang, Yiluo Cheng, Wenting Zhang, Qingping Luo, Guoyuan Wen, Guijun Wang, Huabin Shao and Tengfei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:225

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV), the causative agent of bovine ephemeral fever, is an economically important pathogen of cattle and water buffalo. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous 21-23 nt small non-codin...

    Authors: Peili Hou, Hongmei Wang, Guimin Zhao, Guixue Hu, Xianzhu Xia and Hongbin He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:224

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  21. Content type: Research article

    We performed a 12-month cohort study of the stability and resilience of the intestinal microbiota of healthy children in daycare in Denmark in relation to diarrheal events and exposure to known risk factors fo...

    Authors: Martin Steen Mortensen, Betina Hebbelstrup Jensen, Jeanne Williams, Asker Daniel Brejnrod, Lee O’Brien Andersen, Dennis Röser, Bente Utoft Andreassen, Andreas Munk Petersen, Christen Rune Stensvold, Søren Johannes Sørensen and Karen Angeliki Krogfelt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:223

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Appreciable evidence suggest that dysbiosis in microbiota, reflected in gut microbial imbalance plays a key role in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders including depression and inflammatory diseases...

    Authors: Bruk Getachew, Joseph I. Aubee, Richard S. Schottenfeld, Antonei B. Csoka, Karl M. Thompson and Yousef Tizabi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:222

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The microflora composition of the oral cavity affects oral health. Some strains of commensal bacteria confer probiotic benefits to the host. Lactobacillus is one of the main probiotic genera that has been used to...

    Authors: Fang Fang, Jie Xu, Qiaoyu Li, Xiaoxuan Xia and Guocheng Du

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:221

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to characterize the genomes of 30 Listeria monocytogenes isolates collected at a pig slaughterhouse to determine the molecular basis for their persistence.

    Authors: Tamazight Cherifi, Catherine Carrillo, Dominic Lambert, Ilhem Miniaï, Sylvain Quessy, Guillaume Larivière-Gauthier, Burton Blais and Philippe Fravalo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:220

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Consumers are increasingly demanding for natural and beneficial foods, in order to improve their health and well-being. Probiotics play an important role in such demand, and dairy foods are commonly used as ve...

    Authors: Monique Colombo, Nathália P. A. Castilho, Svetoslav D. Todorov and Luís Augusto Nero

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:219

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  26. Content type: Research article

    For Yersinia pestis, Burkholderia pseudomallei, and Burkholderia mallei, conventional broth microdilution (BMD) is considered the gold standard for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) and, depending on the...

    Authors: Heather P. McLaughlin and David Sue

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:218

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a tick-borne disease caused by the etiologic agent Anaplasma phagocytophilum. HGA was designated a nationally notifiable disease in the United States in 1998. Currently th...

    Authors: Francy L. Crosby, Anna M. Lundgren, Carol Hoffman, David W. Pascual and Anthony F. Barbet

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:217

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacillus plantarum, a versatile lactic acid-fermenting bacterium, isolated from the traditional pickles in Ningbo of China, was chosen for grass carp fermentation, which could also improve the flavor of gras...

    Authors: Tinghong Ming, Jiaojiao Han, Yanyan Li, Chenyang Lu, Dihong Qiu, Ye Li, Jun Zhou and Xiurong Su

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:216

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  29. Content type: Research article

    There are growing evidences showing that gut microbiota should play an important role in host appetite and feeding behavior. However, what kind of microbe(s) and how they affect porcine appetite remain unknown.

    Authors: Hui Yang, Ming Yang, Shaoming Fang, Xiaochang Huang, Maozhang He, Shanlin Ke, Jun Gao, Jinyuan Wu, Yunyan Zhou, Hao Fu, Congying Chen and Lusheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:215

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  30. Content type: Methodology article

    DNA metabarcoding, commonly used in exploratory microbial ecology studies, is a promising method for the simultaneous in planta-detection of multiple pathogens associated with disease complexes, such as the grape...

    Authors: Abraham Morales-Cruz, Rosa Figueroa-Balderas, Jadran F. García, Eric Tran, Philippe E. Rolshausen, Kendra Baumgartner and Dario Cantu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:214

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  31. Content type: Research article

    VanB-type vancomycin (VAN) resistance gene clusters confer VAN resistances on Enterococcus spp. over a wide range of MIC levels (MIC = 4–1000 mg/L). However, the epidemiology and the molecular characteristics of ...

    Authors: Yusuke Hashimoto, Jun Kurushima, Takahiro Nomura, Koichi Tanimoto, Kiyoko Tamai, Hideji Yanagisawa, Komei Shirabe, Yasuyoshi Ike and Haruyoshi Tomita

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:213

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Tibetan sheep (TS) and Gansu Alpine Finewool sheep (GS) are both important plateau sheep raised and fed on the harsh Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau, China. Rumen methanogen and protozoal communities of plateau sheep ...

    Authors: Jinqiang Huang and Yongjuan Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:212

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Mortality rates for patients with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infections have improved only modestly in recent decades and S. aureus infections remain a major clinical challenge This study investigated the ...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Bing Bai, Guang-jian Xu, Zhi-wei Lin, Gui-qiu Li, Zhong Chen, Hang Cheng, Xiang Sun, Hong-yan Wang, Yan-wei Chen, Jin-xin Zheng, Qi-wen Deng and Zhi-jian Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:211

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Modifiable lifestyle factors (e.g. dietary intake and physical activity) are important contributors to weight gain during college. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether associations exist between b...

    Authors: Corrie M. Whisner, Juan Maldonado, Brandon Dente, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown and Meg Bruening

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:210

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The importance of the gut microbiota at the early stage of life and their longitudinal effect on host health have recently been well investigated. In particular, Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum, a common com...

    Authors: Kaihei Oki, Takuya Akiyama, Kazunori Matsuda, Agata Gawad, Hiroshi Makino, Eiji Ishikawa, Kenji Oishi, Akira Kushiro and Junji Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:209

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The study describes the Salmonella Rissen phage ϕ1 isolated from the ϕ1-sensitive Salmonella Rissen strain RW. The same phage was then used to select the resistant strain RRϕ1+, which can harbour or not ϕ1.

    Authors: Marina Papaianni, Felice Contaldi, Andrea Fulgione, Sheridan L. Woo, Angela Casillo, Maria Michela Corsaro, Ermenegilda Parrilli, Luca Marcolungo, Marzia Rossato, Massimo Delledonne, Marianna Garonzi, Domenico Iannelli and Rosanna Capparelli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:208

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl is a long lasting herbicide in the agro-ecosystem and its residue is toxic to crops and other non-target organisms. A better understanding of molecular basis in pyrazosulfuron-ethyl tolera...

    Authors: Xiang-Wen Luo, De-Yang Zhang, Teng-Hui Zhu, Xu-Guo Zhou, Jing Peng, Song-Bai Zhang and Yong Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:207

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  38. Content type: Research article

    USA300 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a community- and hospital-acquired pathogen that frequently causes infections but also can survive on the human body asymptomatically as a part of the ...

    Authors: Timothy D. Read, Robert A. Petit III, Zachary Yin, Tuyaa Montgomery, Moira C. McNulty and Michael Z. David

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:206

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Mannheimia haemolytica has been recognized as the principal cause of pneumonic pasteurellosis in sheep and goats. It is one of the important diseases of small ruminants in Ethiopia. While annual vaccination using...

    Authors: Abinet Legesse, Takele Abayneh, Gezahegne Mamo, Esayas Gelaye, Liyuwork Tesfaw, Martha Yami and Alebachew Belay

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:205

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Q fever, caused by Coxiella burnetii, is a zoonosis that presents a worldwide distribution and affects both humans and animals. The route of dispersal of the pathogen by ruminants into the environment usually inv...

    Authors: Dimosthenis Chochlakis, Ana Sofia Santos, Nektarios D. Giadinis, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Leonidas Boubaris, Emmanouil Kalaitzakis, Anna Psaroulaki, Spyridon K. Kritas and Evanthia I. Petridou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:204

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Farnesol has potential antifungal activity against Candida albicans biofilms, but the molecular mechanism of this activity is still unclear. Farnesol inhibits hyphal growth by regulating the cyclic AMP (cAMP) sig...

    Authors: Shengyan Chen, Jinping Xia, Chengxi Li, Lulu Zuo and Xin Wei

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:203

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the most serious public health issues. Recent HBV genetic research has revealed novel genetic rearrangements termed complex structural variations (SVs), which are co...

    Authors: Kei Fujiwara, Kentaro Matsuura, Kayoko Matsunami, Etsuko Iio and Shunsuke Nojiri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:202

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The aggressive spread of Liberibacter asiaticus, a bacterium closely associated with citrus greening, has given rise to an acute crisis in the citrus industry, making it imperative to expand the scientific knowle...

    Authors: Janelle F. Coyle, Fernando A. Pagliai, Dan Zhang, Graciela L. Lorca and Claudio F. Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:201

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Alpha-amylases hydrolyze 1,4 α-glycosidic bonds of starch and produce malto-oligosaccharides. It is an important enzyme generally applied in textile, food and brewing industries. Enhancement in thermal stabili...

    Authors: Bushra Aleem, Muhammad Hamid Rashid, Neelam Zeb, Anam Saqib, Ayesha Ihsan, Mazhar Iqbal and Hazrat Ali

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:200

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (PSA) is an emerging kiwifruit bacterial pathogen which since 2008 has caused considerable losses. No quorum sensing (QS) signaling molecule has yet been reported from PSA and ...

    Authors: Sree Gowrinadh Javvadi, Paola Cescutti, Roberto Rizzo, Valentina Lonzarich, Luciano Navarini, Danilo Licastro, Corrado Guarnaccia and Vittorio Venturi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:199

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Klebsiella oxytoca DSM 29614 - isolated from acid mine drainages - grows anaerobically using Fe(III)-citrate as sole carbon and energy source, unlike other enterobacteria and K. oxytoca clinical isolates. The DSM...

    Authors: Giuseppe Gallo, Luana Presta, Elena Perrin, Michele Gallo, Davide Marchetto, Anna Maria Puglia, Renato Fani and Franco Baldi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:198

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Composition of the vaginal microbiota has significant influence on female urogenital health and control of infectious disease. Murine models are widely utilized to characterize host-pathogen interactions withi...

    Authors: Alison Vrbanac, Angelica M. Riestra, Alison Coady, Rob Knight, Victor Nizet and Kathryn A. Patras

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:197

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