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  1. Colistin is used against multi-drug resistant pathogens, yet resistance emerges through dissemination of plasmid-mediated genes (mcr) or chromosomal mutation of genes involved in lipopolysaccharide synthesis (i.e...

    Authors: Diana Albertos Torres, Helena M. B. Seth-Smith, Nicole Joosse, Claudia Lang, Olivier Dubuis, Magdalena Nüesch-Inderbinen, Vladimira Hinic and Adrian Egli
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:321
  2. Tetragenococcus (T.) halophilus can be isolated from a variety of fermented foods, such as soy sauce, different soy pastes, salted fish sauce and from cheese brine or degraded sugar beet thick juice. This specie...

    Authors: Tobias Link, Rudi F. Vogel and Matthias A. Ehrmann
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:320
  3. Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important public health problem since it is the major cause of elevated morbidity and mortality globally. Previous works have shown that Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb); the prime ca...

    Authors: Neha Khosla, Seema Madhumal Thayil, Rajinder Kaur and Anup Kumar Kesavan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:319
  4. Solid-state fermentation is a fungal culture technique used to produce compounds and products of industrial interest. The growth behaviour of filamentous fungi on solid media is challenging to study due to the...

    Authors: Hassan Khalil, Estelle Legin, Bernard Kurek, Patrick Perre and Behnam Taidi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:318
  5. The root-zone restriction cultivation technique is used to achieve superior fruit quality at the cost of limited vegetative and enhanced reproductive development of grapevines. Fungal interactions and diversit...

    Authors: Muhammad Salman Zahid, Dongmei Li, Hafiz Umer Javed, Irfan Ali Sabir, Lei Wang, Songtao Jiu, Shiren Song, Chao Ma, Dapeng Wang, Caixi Zhang, Xuhui Zhou, Wenping Xu and Shiping Wang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:317
  6. Accumulating evidence supports the pivotal role of intestinal flora in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Serotonin synthesis by enterochromaffin (EC) cells is influenced by the gut microbiota and has been report...

    Authors: Jingze Yang, Peng Wang, Tong Liu, Lin Lin, Lixiang Li, Guanjun Kou, Ruchen Zhou, Pan Li and Yanqing Li
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:316
  7. Although recent studies have indicated that imbalance in the respiratory microbiome composition is linked to several chronic respiratory diseases, the association between the lung microbiome and lung cancer ha...

    Authors: Sadaf Najafi, Fatemeh Abedini, Sadegh Azimzadeh Jamalkandi, Parvin Shariati, Ali Ahmadi and Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:315
  8. It has been well established that biofilm formation on orthopaedic implants is a critical event in the pathogenesis of orthopaedic infections, yet the natural history of this process with respect to bacterial ...

    Authors: Werasak Sutipornpalangkul, Kohei Nishitani and Edward M. Schwarz
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:314
  9. Understanding the influence of methodology on results is an essential consideration in experimental design. In the expanding field of fish microbiology, many best practices and targeted techniques remain to be...

    Authors: Morag Clinton, Adam J. Wyness, Samuel A. M. Martin, Andrew S. Brierley and David E. K. Ferrier
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:313
  10. Rabbit can produce meat, fur and leather, and serves as an important biomedical animal model. Understanding the microbial community of rabbits helps to raise rabbits healthily and better support their applicat...

    Authors: Xiaofen Hu, Fei Wang, Shanshan Yang, Xu Yuan, Tingyu Yang, Yunxiao Zhou and Yong Li
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:312
  11. To analyze changes in oropharynx microbiota composition after receiving induced chemotherapy followed by surgery for hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) patients.

    Authors: Hui-Ching Lau, Chi-Yao Hsueh, Hongli Gong, Ji Sun, Hui-Ying Huang, Ming Zhang and Liang Zhou
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:310
  12. The hospital environment serves as a source of nosocomial infections, which pose a major therapeutic challenge. Although many bacteria species are common in hospital environments, their distribution, frequency...

    Authors: Atsedewoyn Firesbhat, Abiye Tigabu, Birhanemeskel Tegene and Baye Gelaw
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:309
  13. Microbe-microbe interactions between members of the plant rhizosphere are important but remain poorly understood. A more comprehensive understanding of the molecular mechanisms used by microbes to cooperate, c...

    Authors: Him K. Shrestha, Manasa R. Appidi, Manuel I. Villalobos Solis, Jia Wang, Dana L. Carper, Leah Burdick, Dale A. Pelletier, Mitchel J. Doktycz, Robert L. Hettich and Paul E. Abraham
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:308
  14. The dysregulation of B cell activation is prevalent during naturally acquired immunity against malaria. Osteopontin (OPN), a protein produced by various cells including B cells, is a phosphorylated glycoprotei...

    Authors: Susanne E Mortazavi, Allan Lugaajju, Mark Kaddumukasa, Muyideen Kolapo Tijani, Fred Kironde and Kristina E M Persson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:307
  15. Healthcare workers are susceptible to colonization by multiresistant bacteria, which can increase the risk of outbreaks.

    Authors: Cristina Motta Ferreira, Roberto Alexandre Alves Barbosa Filho, Guilherme Motta Antunes Ferreira, Marcus Vinicius Guimarães de Lacerda, Cintia Mara Costa de Oliveira, Vanderson de Souza Sampaio, Lucyane Mendes Silva, Andreza Gomes Pascoal and William Antunes Ferreira
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:306
  16. This study investigated the effects of terpinen-4-ol on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and its biofilm, and the possible mechanisms governing this effect.

    Authors: Feng Cheng, Yanan Mo, Keyuan Chen, Xiaofei Shang, Zhen Yang, Baocheng Hao, Ruofeng Shang, Jianping Liang and Yu Liu
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:305
  17. Chromobacterium violaceum is an environmental opportunistic pathogen that causes rare but deadly infections in humans. The transcriptional regulators that C. violaceum uses to sense and respond to environmental c...

    Authors: Júlia A. Alves, Maristela Previato-Mello, Kelly C. M. Barroso, Tie Koide and José F. da Silva Neto
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:304
  18. Neonatal septicaemia is one of the most common leading causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. It is estimated to affect more than 30 million people worldwide annually, potentially ...

    Authors: Henry Zamarano, Benson Musinguzi, Immaculate Kabajulizi, Godfrey Manirakiza, Walker Guti, Ivan Muhwezi, Ayan Ahmed Hussein, Agnes Baweera, Boaz Kabahinda, Herbert Itabangi, Joel Bazira and Taseera Kabanda
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:303
  19. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the major type of esophageal cancer in China. The role of the bacteria present in ESCC tissue in neoplastic progression has not been fully elucidated. This study ai...

    Authors: Zhen Li, Chao Shi, Jiawen Zheng, Yongjun Guo, Taibing Fan, Huan Zhao, Dongdong Jian, Xiaolei Cheng, Hao Tang and Jie Ma
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:301
  20. Zika fever has been a global health security threat, especially in the tropical and subtropical regions where most of the cases occur. The disease is caused by Zika virus (ZIKV), which belongs to the family Flavi...

    Authors: Thayane da Encarnação Sá-Guimarães, Tiago Souza Salles, Carlucio Rocha dos Santos, Monica Ferreira Moreira, Wanderley de Souza and Lucio Ayres Caldas
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:300
  21. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important oil and economic crop. Calcium modulates plants in response to abiotic stresses and improves plant resistance to pathogens. Enrichment of beneficial microorganisms in ...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Bo-wen Zhang, Jie-fu Deng, Lin Li, Tu-yong Yi and Yan-yun Hong
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:299
  22. Akkermansia muciniphila is a member of the human gut microbiota where it resides in the mucus layer and uses mucin as the sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source. A. muciniphila is the only representative of the...

    Authors: Sharon Y. Geerlings, Janneke P. Ouwerkerk, Jasper J. Koehorst, Jarmo Ritari, Steven Aalvink, Bärbel Stecher, Peter J. Schaap, Lars Paulin, Willem M. de Vos and Clara Belzer
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:298
  23. Formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues may provide an exciting resource to study microbial associations in human disease, but the use of these low biomass specimens remains challenging. We aimed to re...

    Authors: Suk Yee Lam, Athanasia Ioannou, Prokopis Konstanti, Thijmen Visseren, Michail Doukas, Maikel Petrus Peppelenbosch, Clara Belzer and Gwenny Manel Fuhler
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:297
  24. Ganoderma (Lingzhi in Chinese) has shown good clinical outcomes in the treatment of insomnia, restlessness, and palpitation. However, the mechanism by which Ganoderma ameliorates insomnia is unclear. We explored ...

    Authors: Yu Qiu, Zhu-Jun Mao, Ye-Ping Ruan and Xin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:296
  25. The Agrobacterium strain AB2/73 has a unique host range for the induction of crown gall tumors, and contains an exceptionally large, over 500 kbp mega Ti plasmid. We used whole genome sequencing to fully characte...

    Authors: Marjolein J. G. Hooykaas and Paul J. J. Hooykaas
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:295
  26. The Rhizobiales (Proteobacteria) order is an abundant and diverse group of microorganisms, being extensively studied for its lifestyle based on the association with plants, animals, and humans. New studies hav...

    Authors: Leandro Nascimento Lemos, Fabíola Marques de Carvalho, Alexandra Gerber, Ana Paula C. Guimarães, Celio Roberto Jonck, Luciane Prioli Ciapina and Ana Tereza Ribeiro de Vasconcelos
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:294
  27. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Andrea Nuzzo, Stephanie Van Horn, Christopher Traini, Caroline R. Perry, Etienne F. Dumont, Nicole E. Scangarella-Oman, David F. Gardiner and James R. Brown
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:293

    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:181

  28. Graph-based analysis (GBA) of genome-scale metabolic networks has revealed system-level structures such as the bow-tie connectivity that describes the overall mass flow in a network. However, many pathways obt...

    Authors: Yajie Gao, Qianqian Yuan, Zhitao Mao, Hao Liu and Hongwu Ma
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:292
  29. Phytopathogenic bacteria are economically important because they affect crop yields and threaten the livelihoods of farmers worldwide. The genus Xanthomonas is particularly significant because it is associated wi...

    Authors: Ritah Nakayinga, Angela Makumi, Venansio Tumuhaise and William Tinzaara
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:291
  30. Poultry is the major reservoir of Campylobacter that contributes to human campylobacteriosis and threatens food safety. Litter contact has been linked to Campylobacter colonization, but the gut microecological im...

    Authors: Wei Yan, Qianqian Zhou, Zhongyang Yuan, Liang Fu, Chaoliang Wen, Ning Yang and Congjiao Sun
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:290
  31. Seed sanitization via chemical processes removes/reduces microbes from the external surfaces of the seed and thereby could have an impact on the plants’ health or productivity. To determine the impact of seed ...

    Authors: Anirudha R. Dixit, Christina L. M. Khodadad, Mary E. Hummerick, Cory J. Spern, LaShelle E. Spencer, Jason A. Fischer, Aaron B. Curry, Jennifer L. Gooden, Gretchen J. Maldonado Vazquez, Raymond M. Wheeler, Gioia D. Massa and Matthew W. Romeyn
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:289
  32. Extremophiles have attracted much attention in the last few decades, as they possess different properties by producing certain useful metabolites. However, the secondary metabolism of the extremophiles of Anta...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Wang, Lingbo Ma, Jian He, Zixuan Liu, Shaoping Weng, Lumin Wang, Jianguo He and Changjun Guo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:288
  33. In Ethiopia, the distribution of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) has long been known and documented as a major problem of animal health. However, the burden of circulating M. bovis strains is poorly understood in the c...

    Authors: Mebrat Ejo, Belete Haile, Tsegaye Tariku, Seleshe Nigatu, Elias Kebede, Abebe Belete Bitew, Yitayew Demessie, Gashaw Getaneh, Atnaf Alebie, Musse Girma, Fusao Ota and Anwar Nuru
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:286
  34. Blastocystis sp. is an anaerobic intestinal protozoan parasite of humans and a wide range of animals worldwide. In the current study the correlation between the cysteine protease activity of clinical samples of

    Authors: Seyed Ahmad Karamati, Hamed Mirjalali, Maryam Niyyati, Abbas Yadegar, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Ali Haghighi and Seyyed Javad Seyyed Tabaei
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:285
  35. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are responsible for severe diseases in humans, and the ruminant digestive tract is considered as their main reservoir. Their excretion in bovine feces leads to the contam...

    Authors: Audrey Segura, Yolande Bertin, Alexandra Durand, Mhammed Benbakkar and Evelyne Forano
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:284
  36. The most common clinical manifestations of Staphylococcus aureus strains in the community are skin and soft-tissue infections. S. aureus could colonize the body sites and complicate the pathogenesis of skin disea...

    Authors: Haniyeh Khalili, Shahin Najar-Peerayeh, Mona Mahrooghi, Parvin Mansouri and Bita Bakhshi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:282
  37. Bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) can be life-threatening and pose a great challenge to infection control and clinical treatment. However, little information exists regarding...

    Authors: Xuezhi Wang, Dongzi Lin, Zengqi Huang, Jinmei Zhang, Wenyan Xie, Pen Liu, Huaiqi Jing and Jiazheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:281
  38. Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) replicates ulcerative colitis (UC)-like colitis in murine models. However, the microbial characteristics of DSS-triggered colitis require further clarification. To analyze the chan...

    Authors: Hao-Ming Xu, Hong-Li Huang, Yan-Di Liu, Jia-Qi Zhu, You-Lian Zhou, Hui-Ting Chen, Jing Xu, Hai-Lan Zhao, Xue Guo, Wei Shi, Yu-Qiang Nie and Yong-Jian Zhou
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:279
  39. Genomics-driven discoveries of microbial species have provided extraordinary insights into the biodiversity of human microbiota. In addition, a significant portion of genetic variation between microbiota exist...

    Authors: Elizabeth Fleming, Victor Pabst, Zoe Scholar, Ruoyun Xiong, Anita Y. Voigt, Wei Zhou, Amelia Hoyt, Rachel Hardy, Anna Peterson, Ryan Beach, Yvette Ondouah-Nzutchi, Jinhong Dong, Lucinda Bateman, Suzanne D. Vernon and Julia Oh
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:278
  40. Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. n) is an important opportunistic pathogen causing oral and gastrointestinal disease. Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (F. p) is a next-generation probiotic and could serve as a biomarker ...

    Authors: Lirong Bao, Cheng Zhang, Jinglu Lyu, Caixia Yan, Ranran Cao, Ming Pan and Yan Li
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:277
  41. Compared to the huge microbial diversity in most mammals, human gut microbiomes have lost diversity while becoming specialized for animal-based diets – especially compared to chimps, their genetically closest ...

    Authors: Louise B. Thingholm, Corinna Bang, Malte C. Rühlemann, Annika Starke, Florian Sicks, Verena Kaspari, Anabell Jandowsky, Kai Frölich, Gabriele Ismer, Andreas Bernhard, Claudia Bombis, Barbara Struve, Philipp Rausch and Andre Franke
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:276
  42. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in patients with ulcerative colitis has shown variable efficacy depending on the protocol used. A previous randomized controlled trial reported that anaerobic preparation...

    Authors: Hirotaka Shimizu, Katsuhiro Arai, Takashi Asahara, Takuya Takahashi, Hirokazu Tsuji, Satoshi Matsumoto, Ichiro Takeuchi, Reiko Kyodo and Yuichiro Yamashiro
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:275
  43. Chinese strong-flavor baijiu (CSFB), one of the three major baijiu types, is the most popular baijiu type among consumers in China. A variety of microbes are involved in metabolizing raw materials to produce e...

    Authors: Huanming Liu, Guangxun Tan, Qitong Chen, Weiwei Dong, Ping Chen, Kaiyun Cai, Yuanliang Hu, Weiyan Zhang, Nan Peng, Yunxiang Liang and Shumiao Zhao
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:274
  44. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-biofilm and anti-metabolic activities of zeolite-zinc oxide nanoparticles (Zeo/ZnONPs)-based antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) against pre-formed polymicr...

    Authors: Maryam Pourhajibagher and Abbas Bahador
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:273
  45. In recent years, interest in the consumption of ready-to-eat (RTE) food products has been increased in many countries. However, RTE products particularly those prepared by meat may be potential vehicles of ant...

    Authors: Maryam Rajaei, Mir-Hassan Moosavy, Sahar Nouri Gharajalar and Seyed Amin Khatibi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:272

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