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  1. The primary and secondary metabolites of fungi are critical for adaptation to environmental stresses, host pathogenicity, competition with other microbes, and reproductive fitness. Drought-derived reactive oxy...

    Authors: Jake C. Fountain, Liming Yang, Manish K. Pandey, Prasad Bajaj, Danny Alexander, Sixue Chen, Robert C. Kemerait, Rajeev K. Varshney and Baozhu Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:209

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The decomposition of Microcystis can dramatically change the physicochemical properties of freshwater ecosystems. Bacteria play an important role in decomposing organic matters and accelerating the cycling of mat...

    Authors: Shuren Wang, Dayong Zhao, Jin Zeng, Huimin Xu, Rui Huang, Congcong Jiao and Lin Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Little is known about how bacterial endosymbionts colonize host tissues. Because many insect endosymbionts are maternally transmitted, egg colonization is critical for endosymbiont success. Wolbachia bacteria, ca...

    Authors: Steen Christensen, Moises Camacho, Zinat Sharmin, A. J. M. Zehadee Momtaz, Laura Perez, Giselle Navarro, Jairo Triana, Hani Samarah, Michael Turelli and Laura R. Serbus

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:206

    Content type: Methodology article

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  4. Cross-resistance, a phenomenon that a pathogen resists to one antimicrobial compound also resists to one or several other compounds, is one of major threats to human health and sustainable food production. It ...

    Authors: Li-Na Yang, Meng-Han He, Hai-Bing Ouyang, Wen Zhu, Zhe-Chao Pan, Qi-Jun Sui, Li-Ping Shang and Jiasui Zhan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Escherichia coli has found to be the predominant uropathogen (50–90%) in uncomplicated, community acquired urinary tract infection (UTI). Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) express a multitude of virulence fac...

    Authors: Chhaya Shah, Ratna Baral, Bijay Bartaula and Lok Bahadur Shrestha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:204

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Tree shrew is a novel laboratory animal with specific characters for human disease researches in recent years. However, little is known about its characteristics of gut microbial community and intestinal comme...

    Authors: Wenpeng Gu, Pinfen Tong, Chenxiu Liu, Wenguang Wang, Caixia Lu, Yuanyuan Han, Xiaomei Sun, De Xuan Kuang, Na Li and Jiejie Dai

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:203

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Salmonella has been considered as one of the most important foodborne pathogens that threatened breeding industry and public health. To investigate the prevalence and characterization of Salmonella isolated from ...

    Authors: Jie Yang, Zijing Ju, Yi Yang, Xiaonan Zhao, Zhiyu Jiang and Shuhong Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:202

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Plants have evolved intimate interactions with soil microbes for a range of beneficial functions including nutrient acquisition, pathogen resistance and stress tolerance. Further understanding of this system i...

    Authors: Fang Liu, Tarek Hewezi, Sarah L. Lebeis, Vince Pantalone, Parwinder S. Grewal and Margaret E. Staton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Tannerella forsythia is a Gram-negative oral pathogen. Together with Porphyromonas gingivalis and Treponema denticola it constitutes the “red complex” of bacteria, which is crucially associated with periodontitis...

    Authors: Valentina M. T. Mayer, Isabel Hottmann, Rudolf Figl, Friedrich Altmann, Christoph Mayer and Christina Schäffer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:200

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis is an emerging tick-borne pathogen. It is widely distributed in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Europe, but knowledge of its distribution in Norway, where I. ricinus reaches its norther...

    Authors: Andrew Jenkins, Cecilie Raasok, Benedikte N. Pedersen, Kristine Jensen, Åshild Andreassen, Arnulf Soleng, Kristin Skarsfjord Edgar, Heidi Heggen Lindstedt, Vivian Kjelland, Snorre Stuen, Dag Hvidsten and Bjørn-Erik Kristiansen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:199

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Lactobacilli are gatekeepers of vaginal ecosystem impeding growth of pathogenic microbes and their diversity varies across populations worldwide. The present study investigated diversity of human vaginal micro...

    Authors: Sumi Das Purkayastha, Mrinal Kanti Bhattacharya, Himanshu Kishore Prasad, Hrishikesh Upadhyaya, Suparna Das Lala, Kunal Pal, Meenakshi Das, Gauri Dutt Sharma and Maloyjo Joyraj Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:198

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Comparative knowledge of microbiomes and resistomes across environmental interfaces between animal production systems and urban settings is lacking. In this study, we executed a comparative analysis of the mic...

    Authors: Rahat Zaheer, Steven M. Lakin, Rodrigo Ortega Polo, Shaun R. Cook, Francis J. Larney, Paul S. Morley, Calvin W. Booker, Sherry J. Hannon, Gary Van Domselaar, Ron R. Read and Tim A. McAllister

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:197

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Despite the importance of the B. cereus group as major foodborne pathogens that may cause diarrheal and/or emetic syndrome(s), no study in Tunisia has been conducted in order to characterize the pathogenic potent...

    Authors: Maroua Gdoura-Ben Amor, Sophie Jan, Florence Baron, Noël Grosset, Antoine Culot, Radhouane Gdoura, Michel Gautier and Clarisse Techer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  14. It is widely believed that most xenobiotics cross biomembranes by diffusing through the phospholipid bilayer, and that the use of protein transporters is an occasional adjunct. According to an alternative view...

    Authors: Srijan Jindal, Lei Yang, Philip J. Day and Douglas B. Kell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:195

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The rise of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a global health concern. Paucity of data on MRSA carriage prevalence and diagnostic methods in resource-limited settings hampers efforts to define...

    Authors: A. Ayebare, L. M. Bebell, J. Bazira, S. Ttendo, V. Katawera, D. R. Bangsberg, M. J. Siedner, P. G. Firth and Y. Boum II

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:194

    Content type: Research article

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  16. More than half of the adult population worldwide is overweight or obese, while excess adiposity has been linked to chronic low-grade inflammation, contributing to the development of chronic diseases. Recent st...

    Authors: Su Jeong Kim, Sung-Eun Kim, A-Reum Kim, Saemyi Kang, Mi-Young Park and Mi-Kyung Sung

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Microbial community and its management are crucial to the stabilization of culture environment for recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). Although several studies have been carried out for the microbial commu...

    Authors: Zhao Chen, Zhiqiang Chang, Long Zhang, Yuli Jiang, Hongxing Ge, Xiefa Song, Shibo Chen, Fazhen Zhao and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Gut microbiota has been suggested to play a role in stroke patients. Nevertheless, little is known about gut microbiota and the clinical indexes in stroke patients.

    Authors: Na Li, Xingcui Wang, Congcong Sun, Xinwei Wu, Mei Lu, Youfeng Si, Xiang Ye, Tan Wang, Xiaolin Yu, Xinjing Zhao, Na Wei and Xingbang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:191

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors notified us of an error in the presentation of Fig. 6G.

    Authors: Prashant P. Damke, Rajkumar Dhanaraju, Stéphanie Marsin, J. Pablo Radicella and Desirazu N. Rao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:190

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2016 16:14

  20. Human skin is an appropriate environment for the growth of different types of microbes that may inhabit the skin as commensal flora. This study aims at identifying the diversity of skin microbiota in healthy S...

    Authors: Ashwag Shami, Samiah Al-Mijalli, Pisut Pongchaikul, Ahmed Al-Barrag and Samah AbduRahim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:189

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Holobionts comprising nitrogen-fixing diazotrophs and phytoplankton or zooplankton are ubiquitous in the pelagic sea. However, neither the community structure of plankton-associated diazotrophs (PADs) nor thei...

    Authors: Qing-Song Yang, Jun-De Dong, Manzoor Ahmad, Juan Ling, Wei-Guo Zhou, Ye-Hui Tan, Yuan-Zhou Zhang, Dan-Dan Shen and Yan-Ying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The low bacterial load in samples acquired from the lungs, have made studies on the airway microbiome vulnerable to contamination from bacterial DNA introduced during sampling and laboratory processing. We hav...

    Authors: Christine Drengenes, Harald G. Wiker, Tharmini Kalananthan, Eli Nordeide, Tomas M. L. Eagan and Rune Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is a leading cause of food poisoning and is of great importance to public health due to the frequency and seriousness of the diseases. The simple, timely and efficien...

    Authors: Yunyun Geng, Ke Tan, Libing Liu, Xiao Xia Sun, Baohua Zhao and Jianchang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:186

    Content type: Methodology article

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  24. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of early-onset disease (EOD) and late-onset disease (LOD) in infants. We sought to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility profiles, resistance genes, virulence-re...

    Authors: Benqing Wu, Jinzhen Su, Li Li, Weiyuan Wu, Jingsong Wu, Yuemei Lu, Wenqing Li, Jin’e Cheng and Xunhong Liang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:185

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Helicobacter pylori recurrence after successful eradication is an important problem. Children are particularly vulnerable to reinfection, by intrafamilial transmission which facilitates the acquisition or recombi...

    Authors: Sandra Mendoza-Elizalde, Ana Caren Cortés-Márquez, Gerardo Zuñiga, René Cerritos, Pedro Valencia-Mayoral, Alejandra Consuelo Sánchez, Hector Olivares-Clavijo and Norma Velázquez-Guadarrama

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is one of the commonest microsporidians contributing to human microsporidiosis, and is frequently found in animals in various countries. However, there is limited epidemiological informati...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Anson V. Koehler, Tao Wang, David Cunliffe and Robin B. Gasser

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Salmonella enterica is regarded as a major public health threat worldwide. Salmonella secretes the novel translocated effector protein K2 (SseK2), but it is unclear whether this protein plays a significant role i...

    Authors: Xiaojie Zhang, Lei He, Chunjie Zhang, Chuan Yu, Yadong Yang, Yanyan Jia, Xiangchao Cheng, Yinju Li, Chengshui Liao, Jing Li, Zuhua Yu and Fuyu Du

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Chinese believe that the meat of pigs reared in the past with free range tastes better than that of the pigs reared indoor on a large scale today. Gastrointestinal microflora is closely associated with the...

    Authors: Keke Qi, Xiaoming Men, Jie Wu and Ziwei Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Early pathogen detection and identification are crucial for an effective and targeted antibiotic therapy in patients suffering from blood stream infection. Molecular diagnostic methods can accelerate pathogen ...

    Authors: Matthias Pilecky, Anita Schildberger, Ludwig Knabl, Dorothea Orth-Höller and Viktoria Weber

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Methodology article

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  30. Key mechanisms of cell division and its regulation are well understood in model bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. In contrast, current knowledge on the regulation of cell division in Actino...

    Authors: Kim Julia Kraxner, Tino Polen, Meike Baumgart and Michael Bott

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:179

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Clarithromycin-resistance is becoming a global health concern in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). The mutant prevention concentration (MPC) represent the propensities of antimicrobial agents to s...

    Authors: Zi-Han Feng, Ling Fan, Jing Yang, Xing-Yue Huo, Yan Guo, Yi Zhang and Chun-Hui Lan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Over a one year period, swabs of 820 beef carcasses were tested for the presence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli by performing Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in a novel technology termed “cassette PCR”...

    Authors: Dammika P. Manage, Jana Lauzon, Christina M. Jones, Patrick J. Ward, Linda M. Pilarski, Patrick M. Pilarski and Lynn M. McMullen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Food-producing animals, mainly poultry, have been associated with the maintenance and dissemination of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, to huma...

    Authors: Vanessa L. Koga, Renato P. Maluta, Wanderley D. da Silveira, Renan A. Ribeiro, Mariangela Hungria, Eliana C. Vespero, Gerson Nakazato and Renata K. T. Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:174

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Most species of Shewanella harbor two ferrochelatase paralogues for the biosynthesis of c-type cytochromes, which are crucial for their respiratory versatility. In our previous study of the Shewanella loihica PV-...

    Authors: Jingcheng Dai, Yaqi Liu, Shuangyuan Liu, Shuyang Li, Na Gao, Jing Wang, Jizhong Zhou and Dongru Qiu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Endophytic Fungi (EF) are an underexplored group of microorganisms as only a few plants have been studied with regards to their community. Diversity of EF found in young and old leaves of Enset plant has not b...

    Authors: Nitin M. Chauhan, Abdissa D. Gutama and Afras Aysa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:172

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Microbiome composition is frequently studied by the amplification and high-throughput sequencing of specific molecular markers (metabarcoding). Various hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA gene are classicall...

    Authors: Jean-Claude Ogier, Sylvie Pagès, Maxime Galan, Matthieu Barret and Sophie Gaudriault

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:171

    Content type: Methodology article

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  37. Probiotics play an important role in the human and animal defense against liver damage. However, the protective mechanism of Lactobacillus plantarum C88 on chronic liver injury induced by mycotoxin remains unclea...

    Authors: Li Huang, Zijian Zhao, Cuicui Duan, Chao Wang, Yujuan Zhao, Ge Yang, Lei Gao, Chunhua Niu, Jingbo Xu and Shengyu Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Over-the-counter intra-vaginal lactic-acid containing douches are marketed as vaginal hygiene products that support optimal vaginal pH balance. We report the effect of a commercially available douche (Etos®) o...

    Authors: C. van der Veer, S. M. Bruisten, R. van Houdt, A. A. Matser, G. Tachedjian, J. H. H. M. van de Wijgert, H. J. C. de Vries and J. J. van der Helm

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The human gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiota has been a subject of intense research throughout the 3rd Millennium. Now that a general picture about microbiota composition in health and disease is emerging,...

    Authors: Oula Peñate-Medina, Robert J. Tower, Tuula Peñate-Medina, Olga Will, Per E. J. Saris, Juho Suojanen, Timo Sorsa, Laura Huuskonen, Kaisa Hiippala, Reetta Satokari, Claus C. Glüer, Willem M. de Vos and Justus Reunanen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:167

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Enteric pathogens have developed mechanisms to disrupt tight junctions and increase gut permeability. Many studies have analysed the ability of live probiotics to protect intestinal epithelial cells against ti...

    Authors: Carina-Shianya Alvarez, Rosa Giménez, María-Alexandra Cañas, Rodrigo Vera, Natalia Díaz-Garrido, Josefa Badia and Laura Baldomà

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:166

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis. In Russia, there are more than 35 thousand anthrax stationary unfavourable sites. At the same time, there is very little pub...

    Authors: Sergey V. Pisarenko, Eugene I. Eremenko, Alla G. Ryazanova, Dmitry A. Kovalev, Nina P. Buravtseva, Lyudmila Yu. Aksenova, Anna Yu. Evchenko, Olga V. Semenova, Olga V. Bobrisheva, Irina V. Kuznetsova, Tatyana M. Golovinskaya, Dmitriy K. Tchmerenko, Alexander N. Kulichenko and Vitaliy Yu. Morozov

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Termites are an important food resource for many human populations around the world, and are a good supply of nutrients. The fungus-farming ‘higher’ termite members of Macrotermitinae are also consumed by mode...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Schnorr, Courtney A. Hofman, Shandukani R. Netshifhefhe, Frances D. Duncan, Tanvi P. Honap, Julie Lesnik and Cecil M. Lewis

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:164

    Content type: Research article

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  43. We previously identified a plant-derived phenolic compound ortho-coumaric acid (OCA) as an inhibitor of type III secretion system (T3SS) of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the pathogen causing bacterial leaf...

    Authors: Susu Fan, Fang Tian, Liwei Fang, Ching-Hong Yang and Chenyang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Linezolid-resistant enterococci pose great challenges in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to study the mechanisms underlying the resistance and genetic environment of antimicrobial resistance gene o...

    Authors: Hongbin Chen, Xiaojuan Wang, Yuyao Yin, Shuguang Li, Yawei Zhang, Qi Wang and Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:162

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Fusarium wilt of banana (Musa spp.) caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) is a typical soilborne disease, that severely devastates the banana industry worldwide, and soil microbial...

    Authors: Dengbo Zhou, Tao Jing, Yufeng Chen, Fei Wang, Dengfeng Qi, Renjun Feng, Jianghui Xie and Huaping Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  46. All living organisms experience physiological changes regulated by endogenous circadian rhythms. The main factor controlling the circadian clock is the duration of daylight. The aim of this research was to ide...

    Authors: Ksenia M. Klimina, Ekaterina G. Batotsyrenova, Roman A. Yunes, Elena H. Gilyaeva, Elena U. Poluektova, Taisia A. Kostrova, Anna V. Kudryavtseva, Maya V. Odorskaya, Vadim A. Kashuro, Artem S. Kasianov, Maksim B. Ivanov and Valery N. Danilenko

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The role of soil microorganisms in plant growth, nutrient utilization, drought tolerance as well as biocontrol activity cannot be over-emphasized, especially in this era when food crisis is a global challenge....

    Authors: Nicholas O. Igiehon, Olubukola O. Babalola and Bukola R. Aremu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:159

    Content type: Research article

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