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  1. Content type: Research article

    The ProPrems trial, a multi-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial, previously reported a 54% reduction in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) of Bell stage 2 or more from 4.4 to 2.0% in 1099 infan...

    Authors: Erica L. Plummer, Dieter M. Bulach, Gerald L. Murray, Susan E. Jacobs, Sepehr N. Tabrizi and Suzanne M. Garland

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:184

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of Gram-positive bacterial infections worldwide; however, the treatment of S. aureus infection has become increasingly difficult due to the prevalence of methicillin-resis...

    Authors: Chendi Jing, Chenghua Liu, Fangjie Liu, Yaping Gao, Yu Liu, Zhangchun Guan, Bo Xuan, Yanyan Yu and Guang Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:181

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus pluranimalium is a new member of the Streptococcus genus isolated from multiple different animal hosts. It has been identified as a pathogen associated with subclinical mastitis, valvular endocardit...

    Authors: Yushan Pan, Haoran An, Tong Fu, Shiyu Zhao, Chengwang Zhang, Genhui Xiao, Jingren Zhang, Xinfang Zhao and Gongzheng Hu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:182

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Pectin is one of the major and most complex plant cell wall components that needs to be overcome by microorganisms as part of their strategies for plant invasion or nutrition. Microbial pectinolytic enzymes th...

    Authors: Lea Atanasova, Mukesh Dubey, Marica Grujić, Mikael Gudmundsson, Cindy Lorenz, Mats Sandgren, Christian P. Kubicek, Dan Funck Jensen and Magnus Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:178

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Alternaria solani is a known air-born deuteromycete fungus with a polycyclic life cycle and is the causal agent of early blight that causes significant yield losses of potato worldwide. However, the molecular mec...

    Authors: Dai Zhang, Jia-Yu He, Parham Haddadi, Jie-Hua Zhu, Zhi-Hui Yang and Lisong Ma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:176

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The ambient temperature of all habitats is a key physical property that shapes the biology of microbes inhabiting them. The optimal growth temperature (OGT) of a microbe, is therefore a key piece of data neede...

    Authors: Martin K. M. Engqvist

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:177

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  7. Content type: Methodology article

    Biofilms are formed by a complex bacterial community encapsulated by a polymeric matrix, with strong adherent properties and persistent phenotype. Biofilms are considered one of the most challenging areas of m...

    Authors: Cristina D. Cruz, Shreya Shah and Päivi Tammela

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:173

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  8. Content type: Research article

    We sought to determine if the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli differed across retail poultry products and among major production categories, including organic, “raised without antibiotics”, an...

    Authors: Gregg S. Davis, Kara Waits, Lora Nordstrom, Heidi Grande, Brett Weaver, Katerina Papp, Joseph Horwinski, Benjamin Koch, Bruce A. Hungate, Cindy M. Liu and Lance B. Price

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:174

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of paratuberculosis, a contagious infectious disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants causing chronic inflammation of the intestine...

    Authors: P. Steuer, C. Avilez, C. Tejeda, N. Gonzalez, A. Ramirez-Reveco, F. Ulloa, A. Mella, I. R. Grant, M. T. Collins and M. Salgado

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:172

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are major inhabitants and part of the normal microflora of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of humans and animals. Despite substantial evidence supporting the beneficial properties o...

    Authors: Winschau F. Van Zyl, Shelly M. Deane and Leon M. T. Dicks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:171

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to identify Lactobacillus isolates derived from turkeys from six Polish farms and to characterize their phenotypic and genotypic antibiotic resistance profiles.

    Authors: Marta Dec, Anna Nowaczek, Dagmara Stępień-Pyśniak, Jacek Wawrzykowski and Renata Urban-Chmiel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:168

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  12. Content type: Methodology article

    Haemophilus influenzae is found in the nasopharynx of 80% of the human population. While colonisation with non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is usually asymptomatic, it is capable of causing acute and ch...

    Authors: Stephen R. Thomas, Stephanie Leung, Katy Knox, Tom M. A. Wilkinson, Karl J. Staples, Pascal Lestrate, Dominique Wauters, Andrew Gorringe and Stephen C. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:167

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common infectious disease of the lower genital tract. Nystatin, a polyene fungicidal antibiotic, is used as a topical antifungal agent for VVC treatment. The aim of the curr...

    Authors: Xu Zhang, Ting Li, Xi Chen, Suxia Wang and Zhaohui Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:166

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA110 nodulates soybeans for nitrogen fixation. It accumulates poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), which is of physiological importance as a carbon/energy source for survival during star...

    Authors: Shogo Nishihata, Takahiko Kondo, Kosei Tanaka, Shu Ishikawa, Shinji Takenaka, Choong-Min Kang and Ken-ichi Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:156

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  15. Content type: Methodology article

    Transposon mutagenesis is highly valuable for bacterial genetic and genomic studies. The transposons are usually delivered into host cells through conjugation or electroporation of a suicide plasmid. However, ...

    Authors: Santa S. Naorem, Jin Han, Stephanie Y. Zhang, Junyi Zhang, Lindsey B. Graham, Angelou Song, Cameron V. Smith, Fariha Rashid and Huatao Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:158

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Most studies on the human microbiota have analyzed stool samples, although a large proportion of the absorption of nutrients takes place in upper gut tract. We collected samples from different locations along ...

    Authors: Morgane Mailhe, Davide Ricaboni, Véronique Vitton, Jean-Michel Gonzalez, Dipankar Bachar, Grégory Dubourg, Frédéric Cadoret, Catherine Robert, Jérémy Delerce, Anthony Levasseur, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Emmanouil Angelakis, Jean-Christophe Lagier and Didier Raoult

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:157

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Rapid detection of sources and transmission routes by molecular methods provides key data for risk management of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-induced infections acquired in both the community and h...

    Authors: Tülin Güven Gökmen, Yıldız Kalayci, Akgün Yaman and Fatih Köksal

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:155

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The airways of the majority of adolescent cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are persistently colonized or infected by Staphylococcus aureus. Using whole genome sequencing, we studied the evolutionary traits within a

    Authors: Lars Langhanki, Petya Berger, Janina Treffon, Francesco Catania, Barbara C. Kahl and Alexander Mellmann

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:152

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Sustainable management of voluminous and hazardous oily sludge produced by petroleum refineries remains a challenging problem worldwide. Characterization of microbial communities of petroleum contaminated site...

    Authors: Ajoy Roy, Pinaki Sar, Jayeeta Sarkar, Avishek Dutta, Poulomi Sarkar, Abhishek Gupta, Balaram Mohapatra, Siddhartha Pal and Sufia K Kazy

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:151

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is a leading cause of foodborne gastroenteritis worldwide. This bacterium lacks many of the classical virulence factors, and flagellum-associated persistent colonization has been ...

    Authors: Fangzhe Ren, Xiaofei Li, Haiyan Tang, Qidong Jiang, Xi Yun, Lin Fang, Pingyu Huang, Yuanyue Tang, Qiuchun Li, Jinlin Huang and Xin-an Jiao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:149

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Free-living amoeba (FLA) are wide-spread protozoa that are found in different environmental sources including water, soil, dust, hospital units and ventilation areas. These amoebas can act as opportunistic or ...

    Authors: Shiva Ghaderifar, Ali Asghar Najafpoor, Hossein Zarrinfar, Habibollah Esmaily and Elham Hajialilo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:139

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  22. Content type: Methodology article

    Endothelial cells play a major role in highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus pathogenesis in gallinaceous poultry species (e.g. chicken, turkey and quail). Upon infection of gallinaceous poultry with ...

    Authors: Raissa L. Davis, Geunho Choi, Thijs Kuiken, Pascale Quéré, Sascha Trapp, Kirsty R. Short and Mathilde Richard

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:138

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Riemerella anatipestifer (RA), the causative agent of duck infectious serositis, leads to high mortality in duck flocks and great economic losses in duck industry. Previous studies on RA are largely focused on it...

    Authors: Tian Tang, Yanxia Wu, Hua Lin, Yongyu Li, Haojiang Zuo, Qun Gao, Chuan Wang and Xiaofang Pei

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:137

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Dickeya zeae is the causal agent of maize and rice foot rot diseases, but recently it was also found to infect banana and cause severe losses in China. Strains from different sources showed significant diversity ...

    Authors: Ming Hu, Jieling Li, Ruiting Chen, Wenjun Li, Luwen Feng, Lei Shi, Yang Xue, Xiaoyin Feng, Lianhui Zhang and Jianuan Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:136

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The pteropine orthoreovirus (PRV) was isolated from monkey (Macaca fascicularis) faecal samples collected from human-inhabited areas in Lopburi Province, Thailand. These samples were initially obtained to survey ...

    Authors: Nathamon Kosoltanapiwat, Onrapak Reamtong, Tamaki Okabayashi, Sumate Ampawong, Amporn Rungruengkitkun, Tipparat Thiangtrongjit, Narin Thippornchai, Pornsawan Leaungwutiwong, Aongart Mahittikorn, Hirotake Mori, Thanada Yoohanngoa and Prechaya Yamwong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:135

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Ganzi Prefecture in Western China is situated geographically at the transition regions between Tibetan Plateau and Sichuan Basin in a highly tectonically active boundary area between the India and Eurasia plat...

    Authors: Jie Tang, Yuanmei Liang, Dong Jiang, Liheng Li, Yifan Luo, Md. Mahfuzur R. Shah and Maurycy Daroch

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:134

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Bacillus licheniformis GL174 is a culturable endophytic strain isolated from Vitis vinifera cultivar Glera, the grapevine mainly cultivated for the Prosecco wine production. This strain was previously demonstrate...

    Authors: Sebastiano Nigris, Enrico Baldan, Alessandra Tondello, Filippo Zanella, Nicola Vitulo, Gabriella Favaro, Valerio Guidolin, Nicola Bordin, Andrea Telatin, Elisabetta Barizza, Stefania Marcato, Michela Zottini, Andrea Squartini, Giorgio Valle and Barbara Baldan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:133

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Gut bacteria are closely associated with host. Chrysomya megacephala, as a vector and resource insect, can transmit various pathogenic bacteria and consume manure to produce biofertilizer and larva biomass. Howev...

    Authors: Xiaoyun Wang, Qiao Gao, Wanqiang Wang, Xiaoping Wang, Chaoliang Lei and Fen Zhu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:131

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  29. Content type: Methodology article

    Staphylococcus aureus is an important human pathogen causing a variety of life-threatening diseases. Rapid and accurate detection of Staphylococcus aureus is a necessity for prevention of outbreaks caused by this...

    Authors: Chen Zi, Dexin Zeng, Nan Ling, Jianjun Dai, Feng Xue, Yuan Jiang and Baoguang Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:132

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Rhodobacter sphaeroides has two sets of flagellar genes, fla1 and fla2, that are responsible for the synthesis of two different flagellar structures. The expression of the fla2 genes is under control of CtrA. In ...

    Authors: Anet Rivera-Osorio, Aurora Osorio, Sebastian Poggio, Georges Dreyfus and Laura Camarena

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:129

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) is an allosteric enzyme, which catalyzes the first unique step of lysine biosynthesis in prokaryotes, higher plants and some fungi. To date, the biological roles of DHDPS i...

    Authors: Weichao Ren, Jiting Tao, Dongya Shi, Wenchan Chen and Changjun Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:128

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolates in environment water become progressively a potential threat to public health, while the detailed information about the ESBL-pr...

    Authors: Haixia Liu, Hongchao Zhou, Qinfan Li, Qian Peng, Qian Zhao, Jin Wang and Xiaoqiang Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:125

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Symbiosis in insects is accumulating significant amount of studies: the description of a wide array of mutualistic associations across the evolutionary history of insects suggests that resident microbiota acts...

    Authors: M V Mancini, C Damiani, A Accoti, M Tallarita, E Nunzi, A Cappelli, J Bozic, R Catanzani, P Rossi, M Valzano, A Serrao, I Ricci, R Spaccapelo and G Favia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:126

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The presence of microrganisms in pharmaceutical production plant environments is typically monitored by cultural methods, however these cannot detect the unculturable fraction of the microbial community. To ge...

    Authors: Filippo Pacchioni, Alfonso Esposito, Elisabetta Giacobazzi, Clotilde Bettua, Paolo Struffi and Olivier Jousson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:124

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  35. Content type: Correction

    Following the publication of this article [1], the authors noticed that they mistakenly introduced duplicate images in Figure 6A during the preparation of figures. They apologize for any confusion that brought...

    Authors: Yanhan Dong, Qian Zhao, Xinyu Liu, Xiaofang Zhang, Zhongqiang Qi, Haifeng Zhang, Xiaobo Zheng and Zhengguang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:123

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    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2015 15:37

  36. Content type: Research article

    Basalt is the most common igneous rock on the Earth’s surface covering. Basalt-associated microorganisms drive the cycling and sequestration of different elements such as nitrogen, carbon and other nutrients, ...

    Authors: Bo Byloos, Pieter Monsieurs, Mohamed Mysara, Natalie Leys, Nico Boon and Rob Van Houdt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:122

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In complex microbial ecosystems such as the marine environment, the gastrointestinal tract, but also in mixed culture fermentations, bacteriophages are frequently found to be a part of the microbial community....

    Authors: Svetlana Alexeeva, Jesús Adrián Guerra Martínez, Maciej Spus and Eddy J. Smid

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:120

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial contamination remains the major problem in skin banks, even after antimicrobial treatment, and results in high rates of tissue discarding. This study aimed to analyze bacterial contamination in 32 hu...

    Authors: Karine Lena Meneghetti, Micaela do Canto Canabarro, Letícia Muner Otton, Thaís dos Santos Hain, Mercedes Passos Geimba and Gertrudes Corção

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:121

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Innovations in fish nutrition act as drivers for the sustainable development of the rapidly expanding aquaculture sector. Probiotic dietary supplements are able to improve health and nutrition of livestock, bu...

    Authors: Konrad M. Wanka, Thilo Damerau, Benjamin Costas, Angela Krueger, Carsten Schulz and Sven Wuertz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:119

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Aspergillus fumigatus is a ubiquitous saprotrophic fungus and an opportunistic pathogen of humans and animals. Humans and animals can inhale hundreds of A. fumigatus spores daily. Normally this is harmless for hu...

    Authors: Ivan D. Valdes, Joris van den Berg, Annika Haagsman, Natalia Escobar, Jacques F. Meis, Ferry Hagen, Pieter Jan Haas, Jos Houbraken, Han A. B. Wösten and Hans de Cock

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:118

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a common opportunistic pathogen, is known to cause infections in a variety of compromised human tissues. An emerging mechanism for microbial survival is the incorporation of exogenous fatt...

    Authors: Lyssa Y. Baker, Chelsea R. Hobby, Andrew W. Siv, William C. Bible, Michael S. Glennon, Derek M. Anderson, Steven J. Symes and David K. Giles

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:117

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell-to cell communication system that bacteria use to synchronize activities as a group. LitR, the master regulator of QS in Aliivibrio salmonicida, was recently shown to regulate activi...

    Authors: Miriam Khider, Nils Peder Willassen and Hilde Hansen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:116

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  43. Content type: Database

    As microbiome research becomes increasingly prevalent in the fields of human health, agriculture and biotechnology, there exists a need for a resource to better link organisms and environmental chemistries. Ex...

    Authors: Suzanne M. Kosina, Annette M. Greiner, Rebecca K. Lau, Stefan Jenkins, Richard Baran, Benjamin P. Bowen and Trent R. Northen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:115

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Asthma, one of the most common chronic respiratory disorders, is associated with the hyper-activation of the T-cell subset of adaptive immunity. The gut microbiota may be involved in the development of asthma ...

    Authors: Qi Wang, Fei Li, Bishan Liang, Yuhu Liang, Sijie Chen, Xiaodong Mo, Yanmei Ju, Hui Zhao, Huijue Jia, Timothy D. Spector, Hailiang Xie and Ruijin Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:114

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Fish culture in rice paddies can contribute to increasing yields of rice and surplus fish products. Environmental impacts and food-safety issues have become important topics in aquaculture, and organic foods c...

    Authors: Song Yang, Jie Du, Yuan-liang Duan, Qing Xiao, Ning-qiu Li, Qiang Lin, Liu-lan Zhao, Zong-jun Du, Jian Zhou and Jun Du

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:113

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Dexamethasone (Dex), an artificially synthetic cortisol substitute, is commonly used as an anti-inflammatory drug, and is also employed to mimic the stress state experimentally. It is well known that chronic s...

    Authors: Canfeng Hua, Yali Geng, Qu Chen, Liqiong Niu, Liuping Cai, Shiyu Tao, Yingdong Ni and Ruqian Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:112

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common bacterial causes of food-borne enteritis worldwide. Chemotaxis in C. jejuni is known to be critical for the successful colonization of the host and key for the adapt...

    Authors: Anastasia-Lisa Lübke, Sabrina Minatelli, Thomas Riedel, Raimond Lugert, Isabel Schober, Cathrin Spröer, Jörg Overmann, Uwe Groß, Andreas E. Zautner and Wolfgang Bohne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:111

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