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  1. Content type: Research article

    Over-the-counter intra-vaginal lactic-acid containing douches are marketed as vaginal hygiene products that support optimal vaginal pH balance. We report the effect of a commercially available douche (Etos®) o...

    Authors: C. van der Veer, S. M. Bruisten, R. van Houdt, A. A. Matser, G. Tachedjian, J. H. H. M. van de Wijgert, H. J. C. de Vries and J. J. van der Helm

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:168

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The human gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiota has been a subject of intense research throughout the 3rd Millennium. Now that a general picture about microbiota composition in health and disease is emerging,...

    Authors: Oula Peñate-Medina, Robert J. Tower, Tuula Peñate-Medina, Olga Will, Per E. J. Saris, Juho Suojanen, Timo Sorsa, Laura Huuskonen, Kaisa Hiippala, Reetta Satokari, Claus C. Glüer, Willem M. de Vos and Justus Reunanen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:167

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Enteric pathogens have developed mechanisms to disrupt tight junctions and increase gut permeability. Many studies have analysed the ability of live probiotics to protect intestinal epithelial cells against ti...

    Authors: Carina-Shianya Alvarez, Rosa Giménez, María-Alexandra Cañas, Rodrigo Vera, Natalia Díaz-Garrido, Josefa Badia and Laura Baldomà

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:166

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis. In Russia, there are more than 35 thousand anthrax stationary unfavourable sites. At the same time, there is very little pub...

    Authors: Sergey V. Pisarenko, Eugene I. Eremenko, Alla G. Ryazanova, Dmitry A. Kovalev, Nina P. Buravtseva, Lyudmila Yu. Aksenova, Anna Yu. Evchenko, Olga V. Semenova, Olga V. Bobrisheva, Irina V. Kuznetsova, Tatyana M. Golovinskaya, Dmitriy K. Tchmerenko, Alexander N. Kulichenko and Vitaliy Yu. Morozov

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:165

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Termites are an important food resource for many human populations around the world, and are a good supply of nutrients. The fungus-farming ‘higher’ termite members of Macrotermitinae are also consumed by mode...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Schnorr, Courtney A. Hofman, Shandukani R. Netshifhefhe, Frances D. Duncan, Tanvi P. Honap, Julie Lesnik and Cecil M. Lewis

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:164

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  6. Content type: Research article

    We previously identified a plant-derived phenolic compound ortho-coumaric acid (OCA) as an inhibitor of type III secretion system (T3SS) of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the pathogen causing bacterial leaf...

    Authors: Susu Fan, Fang Tian, Liwei Fang, Ching-Hong Yang and Chenyang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:163

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Linezolid-resistant enterococci pose great challenges in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to study the mechanisms underlying the resistance and genetic environment of antimicrobial resistance gene o...

    Authors: Hongbin Chen, Xiaojuan Wang, Yuyao Yin, Shuguang Li, Yawei Zhang, Qi Wang and Hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:162

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Fusarium wilt of banana (Musa spp.) caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) is a typical soilborne disease, that severely devastates the banana industry worldwide, and soil microbial...

    Authors: Dengbo Zhou, Tao Jing, Yufeng Chen, Fei Wang, Dengfeng Qi, Renjun Feng, Jianghui Xie and Huaping Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:161

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  9. Content type: Research article

    All living organisms experience physiological changes regulated by endogenous circadian rhythms. The main factor controlling the circadian clock is the duration of daylight. The aim of this research was to ide...

    Authors: Ksenia M. Klimina, Ekaterina G. Batotsyrenova, Roman A. Yunes, Elena H. Gilyaeva, Elena U. Poluektova, Taisia A. Kostrova, Anna V. Kudryavtseva, Maya V. Odorskaya, Vadim A. Kashuro, Artem S. Kasianov, Maksim B. Ivanov and Valery N. Danilenko

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:160

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The role of soil microorganisms in plant growth, nutrient utilization, drought tolerance as well as biocontrol activity cannot be over-emphasized, especially in this era when food crisis is a global challenge....

    Authors: Nicholas O. Igiehon, Olubukola O. Babalola and Bukola R. Aremu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:159

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Gastrodia elata is a widely distributed achlorophyllous orchid and is highly valued as both medicine and food. Gastrodia elata produces dust-like seeds and relies on mycorrhizal fungi for its germination and grow...

    Authors: Lin Chen, Yu-Chuan Wang, Li-Yuan Qin, Hai-Yan He, Xian-Lun Yu, Ming-Zhi Yang and Han-Bo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:158

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus epidermidis has emerged as an often encountered pathogen responsible for hospital-acquired infections. The aim of present study is to investigate the microbiological characteristic of S. epidermidi...

    Authors: Yinjuan Guo, Yu Ding, Li Liu, Xiaofei Shen, Zhihao Hao, Jingjing Duan, Ye Jin, Zengqiang Chen and Fangyou Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:157

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Enterococcus species continues to be an important cause of hospital-acquired infection worldwide. This study was designed to determine the antibiotic resistance profiles, virulence genes and molecular characte...

    Authors: Azin Sattari-Maraji, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Narges Node Farahani, Reza Beigverdi and Mohammad Emaneini

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:156

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is produced by microorganisms and plants via either tryptophan-dependent or tryptophan-independent pathways. Herein, we investigated the optimisation of IAA production by Streptomyces f...

    Authors: Ei Mon Myo, Beibei Ge, Jinjin Ma, Hailan Cui, Binghua Liu, Liming Shi, Mingguo Jiang and Kecheng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:155

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  15. Content type: Research article

    We used genetic Multi-Locus VNTR Analysis (MLVA) data gathered from surveillance efforts to better understand the ongoing bovine tuberculosis (bTB) epidemic in Northern Irish cattle herds. We modelled the fact...

    Authors: M. G. Milne, J. Graham, A. Allen, C. McCormick, E. Presho, R. Skuce and A. W. Byrne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:154

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus remains a medical challenge in the treatment of bacterial infections. It has acquired resistance to commonly used antibiotics, and to those considered to be the last weapons in treating stap...

    Authors: Ghazal Tajbakhsh and Dasantila Golemi-Kotra

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:153

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  17. Content type: Research article

    H. pylori exhibits antibiotic resistance with regional differences. In this paper, we explored antibiotic resistance of H. pylori to five antibiotics in an area with a high risk of gastric cancer.

    Authors: Dan Wang, Qianqian Guo, Yuan Yuan and Yuehua Gong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:152

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Flavobacterium columnare is the causative agent of columnaris disease that affects cultured freshwater fishes worldwide. F. columnare easily colonizes surfaces by forming biofilm, which helps the pathogen resist ...

    Authors: Wenlong Cai, Leonardo De La Fuente and Covadonga R. Arias

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:151

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of antibiotic resistance is increasing, and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been identified as a serious threat to human health. The production of β-lactamase is a key mechanism cont...

    Authors: Katherine Young, Ronald E. Painter, Susan L. Raghoobar, Nichelle N. Hairston, Fred Racine, Douglas Wisniewski, Carl J. Balibar, Artjohn Villafania, Rumin Zhang, Daniel F. Sahm, Timothy Blizzard, Nicholas Murgolo, Milton L. Hammond and Mary R. Motyl

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:150

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Adaptability to different environmental conditions is an essential characteristic of pathogenic microorganisms as it facilitates their invasion of host organisms. The most external component of pathogenic yeas...

    Authors: Justyna Karkowska-Kuleta, Dorota Satala, Oliwia Bochenska, Maria Rapala-Kozik and Andrzej Kozik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:149

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  21. Content type: Research article

    UK public health organisations perform routine antimicrobial susceptibility tests (ASTs) to characterise the potential for antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella enterica serovars. Genetic determinants of these r...

    Authors: Nana Mensah, Yue Tang, Shaun Cawthraw, Manal AbuOun, Jackie Fenner, Nicholas R. Thomson, Alison E. Mather and Liljana Petrovska-Holmes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:148

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The presence and activity of CRISPR-Cas defense systems is a hallmark of many prokaryotic microorganisms. Here, the distribution of sequences related to the highly iterated palindrome 1 (HIP1) element and the ...

    Authors: Ingeborg Scholz, Steffen C. Lott, Juliane Behler, Katrin Gärtner, Martin Hagemann and Wolfgang R. Hess

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:147

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Enterococcus faecalis is a major clinically relevant nosocomial bacterial pathogen frequently isolated from polymicrobial infections. The biofilm forming ability of E. faecalis attributes a key role in its virule...

    Authors: Karthika Suryaletha, Lekshmi Narendrakumar, Joby John, Megha Periyappilly Radhakrishnan, Sanil George and Sabu Thomas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:146

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Fecal samples are currently the most commonly studied proxy for gut microbiota. The gold standard of sample handling and storage for microbiota analysis is maintaining the cold chain during sample transfer and...

    Authors: Shirin Moossavi, Phillip A. Engen, Reza Ghanbari, Stefan J. Green, Ankur Naqib, Faraz Bishehsari, Shahin Merat, Hossein Poustchi, Ali Keshavarzian and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:145

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Due to the cave oligotrophic environment, this habitat presents a challenge for microorganisms to colonize and thrive. However, it has been well documented that microorganisms play important roles in cave deve...

    Authors: Apirak Wiseschart, Wuttichai Mhuantong, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang, Duriya Chantasingh and Kusol Pootanakit

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:144

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Complete and contiguous genome assemblies greatly improve the quality of subsequent systems-wide functional profiling studies and the ability to gain novel biological insights. While a de novo genome assembly ...

    Authors: Vincent Somerville, Stefanie Lutz, Michael Schmid, Daniel Frei, Aline Moser, Stefan Irmler, Jürg E. Frey and Christian H. Ahrens

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:143

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In nature, microorganisms have to adapt to long-term stressful conditions often with growth limitations. However, little is known about the evolution of the adaptability of new bacteria to such environments. Pseu...

    Authors: Hamouda Elabed, Enrique González-Tortuero, Claudia Ibacache-Quiroga, Amina Bakhrouf, Paul Johnston, Kamel Gaddour, Jesús Blázquez and Alexandro Rodríguez-Rojas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:142

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Persisters are rare phenotypic variants within a bacterial population that are capable of tolerating lethal antibiotic concentrations. Passage through stationary phase is associated with the formation of persi...

    Authors: Sandra J. Aedo, Mehmet A. Orman and Mark P. Brynildsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:140

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The brown planthopper (BPH) is likely the most destructive, piercing and sucking monophagous insect pest of rice that causes substantial economic losses to farmers. Although yeast-like symbionts (YLS) and virus t...

    Authors: Abhishek Ojha and Wenqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:139

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Recently, in India, there has been a shift from NDM to OXA48-like carbapenemases. OXA-181 and OXA-232 are the frequently produced variants of OXA48-like carbapenemases. OXA48-like carbapenemases are also known...

    Authors: Chaitra Shankar, Purva Mathur, Manigandan Venkatesan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Shalini Anandan, Surbhi Khurana and Balaji Veeraraghavan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:137

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Candidemia is an emerging hospital-acquired bloodstream infection (BSI). It is common among severely ill and immunocompromised patients. Even following appropriate therapy in candidemia, recent studies reveal ...

    Authors: Mahen Kothalawala, J. A. A. S. Jayaweera, Sinnapoo Arunan and Anuradha Jayathilake

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:136

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In natural environments, bacteria always live in communities with others where their physiological characteristics are influenced by each other. Bacteria can communicate with one another by using autoinducers....

    Authors: Shuxin Zhou, Zixun Yu and Weihua Chu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:135

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen and one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections. Moreover, the species can cause severe infections in cystic fibrosis patients, in burnt victims and caus...

    Authors: Anna Cristhina Carmine de Melo, Amanda da Mata Gomes, Fernando L. Melo, Daniel M. P. Ardisson-Araújo, Agueda Palmira Castagna de Vargas, Valessa Lunkes Ely, Elliot W. Kitajima, Bergmann M. Ribeiro and José Luiz Caldas Wolff

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:134

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  34. Content type: Research article

    A major obstacle to industrial-scale astaxanthin production by the yeast Phaffia rhodozyma is the strong inhibitory effect of high glucose concentration on astaxanthin synthesis. We investigated, for the first ti...

    Authors: Lili Miao, Shuang Chi, Mengru Wu, Zhipei Liu and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:133

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Xenorhabdus spp. live in close symbiosis with nematodes of the Steinernema genus. Steinernema nematodes infect an insect larva and release their symbionts into the haemocoel of the insect. Once released into the ...

    Authors: J. Dreyer, M. Rautenbach, E. Booysen, A. D. van Staden, S. M. Deane and L. M. T. Dicks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:132

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The Latin American & Mediterranean (LAM) spoligotype family is one of the most successful genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis worldwide and particularly prevalent in South-America. Within this family, a sublin...

    Authors: Chyntia Carolina Díaz Acosta, Graciela Russomando, Norma Candia, Viviana Ritacco, Sidra E. G. Vasconcellos, Marcia de Berrêdo Pinho Moreira, Nilda J. de Romero, Nora Morcillo, Jacobus Henri De Waard, Harrison Magdinier Gomes and Philip Noel Suffys

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:131

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Treatment with the α-glucosidase inhibitor acarbose increases median lifespan by approximately 20% in male mice and 5% in females. This longevity extension differs from dietary restriction based on a number of fe...

    Authors: Byron J Smith, Richard A Miller, Aaron C Ericsson, David C Harrison, Randy Strong and Thomas M Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:130

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Enteric methane from the ruminant livestock is a significant source in global greenhouse gas emissions, which is mainly generated by the methanogens inhabiting the rumen and cecum. Sika deer (Cervus nippon) not o...

    Authors: Zhipeng Li, Xiaoxu Wang, Ting Zhang, Huazhe Si, Chao Xu, André-Denis G. Wright and Guangyu Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:129

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  39. Content type: Research article

    RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are well known as key factors in gene expression regulation in eukaryotes. These proteins associate with mRNAs and other proteins to form mRNP complexes that ultimately determine th...

    Authors: Helisa Helena Wippel, Juliane Soldi Malgarin, Alexandre Haruo Inoue, Felipe da Veiga Leprevost, Paulo Costa Carvalho, Samuel Goldenberg and Lysangela Ronalte Alves

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:128

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is considered a keystone pathogen responsible for chronic periodontitis. Although several virulence factors produced by this bacterium are quite well characterized, very little is known a...

    Authors: Michał Śmiga, Paulina Stępień, Mariusz Olczak and Teresa Olczak

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:127

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is known as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Investigation of the MRSA’s virulence and resistance mechanisms is a continuing concern toward controllin...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Ali, Nurulfiza M. Isa, Faisal M. Abedelrhman, Tahani B. Alyas, Sara E. Mohammed, Abdallah E. Ahmed, Zainab S. A. Ahmed, Nyok-Sean Lau, Mohamed I. Garbi, Abdullah Al-Ashraf Amirul, Almeen O. Seed, Rihab A. Omer and Sofia B. Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:126

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Pseudorabies virus (PRV, or suid herpesvirus, SuHV-1), a member of the herpesvirus family, has an extremely broad host range and threatens the pig industry in China. PRV can evade host innate immunity and infe...

    Authors: Yi Fan, Ling Zhu, Xiangang Sun, Wenting Lyu, Lei Xu, Yue Yin, Jun Zhao, Jianbo Huang, Yichao Den, Zhiyi Jiang, Shiyao Xu, Xiyu Mao and Zhiwen Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:125

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Macrolides and lincosamides are two leading types of antibiotics commonly used in therapies. The study examines the differences in resistance to these antibiotics and their molecular bases in S. epidermidis as we...

    Authors: Magdalena Szemraj, Tomasz Czekaj, Jacek Kalisz and Eligia M. Szewczyk

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:124

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Gut microbes have been suggested as the possible targets in the management of allergic diseases. However, the way in which these microbes influence allergic diseases remain unclear. Forty-seven full-term newbo...

    Authors: Xi Shen, Maolin Wang, Xiao Zhang, Miao He, Ming Li, Guo Cheng, Chaomin Wan and Fang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:123

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Acinetobacter baumannii is a cosmopolitan bacterium that is frequently reported from hospitalized patients, especially those patients who admitted in the intensive care unit. Recently, multiplex real-time PCR has...

    Authors: Hossein Goudarzi, Elnaz Sadat Mirsamadi, Zohreh Ghalavand, Mojdeh Hakemi Vala, Hamed Mirjalali and Ali Hashemi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:122

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Bluetongue virus (BTV) causes a disease among wild and domesticated ruminants which is not contagious, but which is transmitted by biting midges of the Culicoides species. BTV can induce an intense cytopathic eff...

    Authors: Junzheng Du, Shandian Gao, Zhancheng Tian, Yanni Guo, Di Kang, Shanshan Xing, Guorui Zhang, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo, Huiyun Chang and Hong Yin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:121

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  47. Content type: Research article

    There are numerous advantages offered by street vended foods, but evidence exists that foods exposed for sale on the road side may be contaminated by pathogenic microorganisms. However, information on the bact...

    Authors: Azanaw Amare, Tifito Worku, Birukitait Ashagirie, Marie Adugna, Alem Getaneh and Mulat Dagnew

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:120

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Ready-to-eat (RTE) vegetables have become increasingly popular along with the trend of moving towards a healthy lifestyle. However, RTE vegetables are at a higher risk of containing pathogens, maybe owing to l...

    Authors: Moutong Chen, Yuetao Chen, Qingping Wu, Jumei Zhang, Jianheng Cheng, Fan Li, Haiyan Zeng, Tao Lei, Rui Pang, Qinghua Ye, Jianling Bai, Juan Wang, Xianhu Wei, Youxiong Zhang and Yu Ding

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:119

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