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  1. The skin microbiome serves as a first line defense against pathogens in vertebrates. In amphibians, it has the potential to protect against the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatis (Bd), a likely agent of ...

    Authors: Randall R. Jiménez, Gilbert Alvarado, José Sandoval and Simone Sommer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The dried roots and rhizomes of medicinal licorices are widely used worldwide as a traditional medicinal herb, which are mainly attributed to a variety of bioactive compounds that can be extracted from licoric...

    Authors: Hanli Dang, Tao Zhang, Guifang Li, Yudi Mu, Xinhua Lv, Zhongke Wang and Li Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:291

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In recent years, the microbiome field has undergone a shift from clustering-based methods of operational taxonomic unit (OTU) designation based on sequence similarity to denoising algorithms that identify exac...

    Authors: Shirin Moossavi, Faisal Atakora, Kelsey Fehr and Ehsan Khafipour

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  4. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Dinesh Gajamange, Seung-Hyeon Kim, Kwang-Sik Choi, Carlos Azevedo and Kyung-Il Park

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:289

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2020 20:238

  5. Tolerance to antibiotics and persistence are associated with antibiotic treatment failures, chronic-relapsing infections, and emerging antibiotic resistance in various bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus. M...

    Authors: Michal Meir, Anna Rozenblit, Simona Fliger, Yuval Geffen and Daniel Barkan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Divalent cations are able to interact with exopolysaccharides (EPS) and thus are capable to modify the structure and composition of dental biofilm. At the moment, little is known about the adsorption of metals...

    Authors: Elena Laura Steiger, Julia Rahel Muelli, Olivier Braissant, Tuomas Waltimo and Monika Astasov-Frauenhoffer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:287

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is one of the main cariogenic bacteria for caries. It was found that the clinical strains of S. mutans isolated from caries active population have stronger cariogenic ability than...

    Authors: Bingchun Li, Ting Pan, Huancai Lin and Yan Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:286

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Gram-negative bacterial capsules are associated with production of carbohydrates, frequently resulting in a mucoid phenotype. Infections caused by capsulated or mucoid A. baumannii are associated with increased c...

    Authors: Hadas Kon, David Schwartz, Elizabeth Temkin, Yehuda Carmeli and Jonathan Lellouche

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:285

    Content type: Methodology article

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  9. The potential of genetic testing for rapid and accurate diagnosis of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains is vital for efficient treatment and reduction in dissemination. MTBDR plus assays rapidly de...

    Authors: Pallavi Sinha, G. N. Srivastava, Rajneesh Tripathi, Mukti Nath Mishra and Shampa Anupurba

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The human colon is colonised by a dense microbial community whose species composition and metabolism are linked to health and disease. The main energy sources for colonic bacteria are dietary polysaccharides a...

    Authors: Wing Sun Faith Chung, Alan W. Walker, Douwina Bosscher, Vicenta Garcia-Campayo, Josef Wagner, Julian Parkhill, Sylvia H. Duncan and Harry J. Flint

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  11. As no treatment or effective vaccine for African swine fever virus (ASFV) is currently available, a rapid, highly sensitive diagnostic is urgently needed to curb the spread of ASFV.

    Authors: Xiaoying Wang, Sheng He, Na Zhao, Xiaohong Liu, Yongchang Cao, Guihong Zhang, Gang Wang and Chunhe Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:282

    Content type: Methodology article

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  12. Acinetobacter baumannii has traditionally been considered an opportunistic pathogen with low virulence. In this study, we characterized the carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent A. baumannii (CR-hvAB) stains isolate...

    Authors: Jun Li, Ting Yu, Yi Luo, Jing-Yi Peng, Yu-Jia Li, Xiao-Yan Tao, Yong-Mei Hu, Hai-Chen Wang and Ming-Xiang Zou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:281

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To respond and adapt to environmental challenges, prokaryotes regulate cellular processes rapidly and reversibly through protein phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. This study investigates the intracellular...

    Authors: Carolina Robertsson, Gunnel Svensäter, Zoltan Blum and Claes Wickström

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:280

    Content type: Research article

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  14. This study evaluated the effect of oral lactobacilli on the cytotoxicity and cytokine release from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) when exposed to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans subtypes in vitr...

    Authors: Nuntiya Pahumunto, Amina Basic, Anna-Karin Östberg, Rawee Teanpaisan and Gunnar Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:279

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Graphene oxide (GO) has been suggested as an efficient assistant additive to eliminate non-specific amplification of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Although many studies have focused on exploring its mol...

    Authors: Shuzhen Li, Zhujun Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Maoyong Song, Guangxin Lu, Ning Dang, Huaqun Yin, Yuanyuan Qu and Ye Deng

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Bifidobacteria are important probiotics; some of the beneficial effects of bifidobacteria are achieved by the hydrolysis of glycans in the human gut. However, because the diet of breastfed infants typically la...

    Authors: Zeyu Kan, Baolong Luo, Jingjing Cai, Yan Zhang, Fengwei Tian and Yongqing Ni

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:277

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Fusarium species are the fungal pathogens most commonly responsible for the mycotic keratitis, which are resistant to the majority of currently available antifungal agents. The present study was designed to asses...

    Authors: Tao Jiang, Jing Tang, Zhiqin Wu, Yi Sun, Jingwen Tan and Lianjuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Clostridioides (formerly Clostridium) difficile infection is the leading cause of antibiotic-associated colitis. Studies have demonstrated that C. difficile toxin A (TcdA) can cause apoptosis of many human cell t...

    Authors: Jinhua Liang, Yongzhong Ning, Li Dong, Xiufeng Ma, Shu Li, Heran Yang, Qi Li, Ling Chen, Lingjuan Gao and Yanmin Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:274

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family, which causes soft-rot disease in numerous plants worldwide resulting in significant economic losses. Results from our previo...

    Authors: Jyun-Wei Wang, Reymund C. Derilo, Ruchi Briam James S. Lagitnay, Huang-Pin Wu, Kai-In Chen and Duen-Yau Chuang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:273

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Continuous monocropping can affect the physicochemical and biological characteristics of cultivated soil. Sophora flavescens is a valuable herbal medicine and sensitive to continuous monocropping. Currently, dive...

    Authors: Haiying Lei, Ake Liu, Qinwen Hou, Qingsong Zhao, Jia Guo and Zhijun Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:272

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Interest in carbapenems has been rising in the last few years due to the emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis. Ertapenem (ETP), given once a day parenteral, and faropenem (FAR), oral, have a better adminis...

    Authors: Ximena Gonzalo, Giovanni Satta, Julio Ortiz Canseco, Timothy D. McHugh and Francis Drobniewski

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The experimental materials were a 60-year-old tea tree (Camellia sinensis cv. Shu Cha Zao; SCZ) (the mother plant) and 1-year-old and 20-year-old plants of SCZ that originated as mother plant cuttings. The aim of...

    Authors: Zhenzhen Wu, Qingqing Su, Yuchen Cui, Hongzhu He, Jiali Wang, Yong Zhang, Yu Zhao, Hassan Abul, Yunqiu Yang and Yanhua Long

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Methylxanthines, including caffeine, theobromine and theophylline, are natural and synthetic compounds in tea, which could be metabolized by certain kinds of bacteria and fungi. Previous studies confirmed that...

    Authors: Binxing Zhou, Cunqiang Ma, Chengqin Zheng, Tao Xia, Bingsong Ma and Xiaohui Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:269

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) has been widely studied for the treatment of intestinal inflammatory diseases and infectious diarrhea, but the mechanisms by which they communicate with the host are n...

    Authors: Rujiu Hu, Hua Lin, Jing Li, Yuezhen Zhao, Mimi Wang, Xiaoqin Sun, Yuna Min, Yupeng Gao and Mingming Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The burden of non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) disease is increasing worldwide but still its diagnosis is delayed and it is mistaken as multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB).The present study was perfor...

    Authors: Kamal Singh, Richa Kumari, Rajneesh Tripathi, Smita Gupta and Shampa Anupurba

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Atrazine is one of the most widespread chlorinated herbicides, leaving large bulks in soils and groundwater. The biodegradation of atrazine by bacteria is well described, but many aspects of the fungal metabol...

    Authors: Caroline Henn, Diego Alves Monteiro, Mauricio Boscolo, Roberto da Silva and Eleni Gomes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Acetic acid has been used to clean and disinfect surfaces in the household for many decades. The antimicrobial efficacy of cleaning procedures can be considered particularly important for young, old, pregnant,...

    Authors: Marc-Kevin Zinn and Dirk Bockmühl

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Biofilm is known to be tolerant towards antibiotics and difficult to eradicate. Numerous studies have reported minimum biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC) values of antibiotics for many known biofilm path...

    Authors: Xiaofeng Chen, Trine Rolighed Thomsen, Heinz Winkler and Yijuan Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:264

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored glycoproteins have diverse intrinsic functions in yeasts, and they also have different uses in vitro. In this study, the functions of potential GPI proteins in Pichia p...

    Authors: Pan Wang, Ying Lin, Chengjuan Zou, Fengguang Zhao, Shuli Liang, Suiping Zheng and Shuangyan Han

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:262

    Content type: Research article

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  30. For successful colonization, enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) injects virulence factors, called effectors, into target cells through the type three secretion system (T3SS), which is composed of a needle...

    Authors: Risa Nada, Shinya Ebihara, Hilo Yen and Toru Tobe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Clostridioides difficile is a major cause of antibiotic associated diarrhea. Several animal models are used to study C. difficile infection (CDI). The tree shrew has recently been developed as a model of primate ...

    Authors: Wenpeng Gu, Wenge Li, Wenguang Wang, Dexuan Kuang, Wenzhu Zhang, Caixia Lu, Na Li, Pinfen Tong, Yuanyuan Han, Xiaomei Sun, Jinxing Lu, Yuan Wu and Jiejie Dai

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The integrity of cell wall structure is highly significant for the in vivo survival of mycobacteria. We hypothesized that changes in morphology may indicate changes in cell wall metabolism and identified an aceE ...

    Authors: Suting Chen, Tianlu Teng, Shuan Wen, Tingting Zhang and Hairong Huang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Understanding the structure and drivers of gut microbiota remains a major ecological endeavour. Recent studies have shown that several factors including diet, lifestyle and geography may substantially shape th...

    Authors: Mubanga Hellen Kabwe, Surendra Vikram, Khodani Mulaudzi, Janet K. Jansson and Thulani P. Makhalanyane

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Microbe-mediated redox transformation of arsenic (As) leading to its mobilization has become a serious environmental concern in various subsurface ecosystems especially within the alluvial aquifers. However, d...

    Authors: Soma Ghosh, Balaram Mohapatra, Tulasi Satyanarayana and Pinaki Sar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The contamination of the aquatic environment of urban rivers with industrial wastewater has affected the abiotic conditions and biological activities of the trophic levels of the ecosystem, particularly sedime...

    Authors: Lei Zhang, Demei Tu, Xingchen Li, Wenxuan Lu and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:254

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Typically, raw meat can be contaminated with antibiotic resistant pathogens at unhygienic slaughter and sale points. Consumption of meat contaminated with antibiotic resistant E. coli is associated with grave hea...

    Authors: Esther Dsani, Edwin Andrews Afari, Anthony Danso-Appiah, Ernest Kenu, Basil Benduri Kaburi and Beverly Egyir

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:253

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Groundnut pre- and post-harvest contamination is commonly caused by fungi from the Genus Aspergillus. Aspergillus flavus is the most important of these fungi. It belongs to section Flavi; a group consisting of af...

    Authors: Amos Acur, Renée S. Arias, Steven Odongo, Samuel Tuhaise, Joseph Ssekandi, John Adriko, Dennis Muhanguzi, Stephen Buah and Andrew Kiggundu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:252

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Coxiella burnetii is an obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacterium that causes a zoonotic disease commonly called Q fever globally. In this study, an up-converting phosphor technology-based lateral flow (UPT-...

    Authors: Pingping Zhang, Jun Jiao, Yong Zhao, Mengjiao Fu, Jin Wang, Yajun Song, Dongsheng Zhou, Yongqiang Wang, Bohai Wen, Ruifu Yang and Xiaolu Xiong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Mannheimia haemolytica strains isolated from North American cattle have been classified into two genotypes (1 and 2). Although members of both genotypes have been isolated from the upper and lower respiratory tra...

    Authors: Michael L. Clawson, Gennie Schuller, Aaron M. Dickey, James L. Bono, Robert W. Murray, Michael T. Sweeney, Michael D. Apley, Keith D. DeDonder, Sarah F. Capik, Robert L. Larson, Brian V. Lubbers, Brad J. White, Jochen Blom, Carol G. Chitko-McKown, Dayna M. Brichta-Harhay and Timothy P. L. Smith

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:250

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Tor putitora, the largest freshwater fish of the Indian subcontinent, is an endangered species. Several factors have been attributed towards its continuous population decrease, but very little is known about the ...

    Authors: Himani Khurana, Durgesh Narain Singh, Anoop Singh, Yogendra Singh, Rup Lal and Ram Krishan Negi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:249

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Surface layers (S-layers) are two-dimensional crystalline arrays of repeating proteinaceous subunits that form the outermost layer of many bacterial cell envelopes. Within the Lactobacillus genus, S-layer presenc...

    Authors: Courtney Klotz, Yong Jun Goh, Sarah O’Flaherty and Rodolphe Barrangou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:248

    Content type: Research article

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  42. At present, azithromycin has become an effective treatment for severe diarrhea caused by Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection. However, enterobacteria have begun to develop resistance to azithromycin...

    Authors: Ying Xiang, Feng Wu, Yinghui Chai, Xuebin Xu, Lang Yang, Sai Tian, Haoran Zhang, Yinxia Li, Chaojie Yang, Hongbo Liu, Shaofu Qiu, Hongbin Song and Yansong Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Himalaya is an ecologically pristine environment. The geo-tectonic activities have shaped various environmental niches with diverse microbial populations throughout the Himalayan biosphere region. Albeit, limi...

    Authors: Nitish Sharma, Jitesh Kumar, Md. Minhajul Abedin, Dinabandhu Sahoo, Ashok Pandey, Amit K. Rai and Sudhir P. Singh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:246

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Peptidorhamnomannan is a glycoconjugate that consists of a peptide chain substituted by O- and N-linked glycans, present on the cell surface of Lomentospora prolificans, a saprophytic fungus which is widely distr...

    Authors: Mariana Ingrid Dutra da Silva Xisto, Suelen S. Santos, Luana Rossato, Fábio Seiti Yamada Yoshikawa, Rosa Maria Tavares Haido, Sandro Rogério de Almeida and Eliana Barreto-Bergter

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Endophytic bacteria are considered as symbionts living within plants and are influenced by abiotic and biotic environments. Pathogen cause biotic stress, which may change physiology of plants and may affect th...

    Authors: Diandong Wang, Tingting Sun, Songyu Zhao, Limei Pan, Hongfang Liu and Xueliang Tian

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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