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  1. Staphylococci are important members of the human skin microbiome. Many staphylococcal species and strains are commensals of the healthy skin microbiota, while few play essential roles in skin diseases such as ...

    Authors: Charlotte Marie Ahle, Kristian Stødkilde-Jørgensen, Anja Poehlein, Wolfgang R. Streit, Jennifer Hüpeden and Holger Brüggemann

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:221

    Content type: Methodology article

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  2. The high incidence of bacterial genes that confer resistance to last-resort antibiotics, such as colistin, caused by mobilized colistin resistance (mcr) genes, poses an unprecedented threat to human health. Under...

    Authors: Bruno G. N. Andrade, Tobias Goris, Haithem Afli, Felipe H. Coutinho, Alberto M. R. Dávila and Rafael R. C. Cuadrat

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:220

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The intestinal microbiome in preterm infants differs markedly from term infants. It is unclear whether the microbiome develops over time according to infant specific factors.

    Authors: Fardou H. Heida, Elisabeth M. W. Kooi, Josef Wagner, Thi-Yen Nguyen, Jan B. F. Hulscher, Anne G. J. F. van Zoonen, Arend F. Bos, Hermie J. M. Harmsen and Marcus C. de Goffau

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:219

    Content type: Research

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  4. Colorectal cancer which is related to genetic and environmental risk factors, is among the most prevalent life-threatening cancers. Although several pathogenic bacteria are associated with colorectal cancer et...

    Authors: Sara Ebrahimzadeh, Hossein Ahangari, Alireza Soleimanian, Kamran Hosseini, Vida Ebrahimi, Tohid Ghasemnejad, Saiedeh Razi Soofiyani, Vahideh Tarhriz and Shirin Eyvazi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:218

    Content type: Review

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  5. Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus, (GBS)) is the leading cause of mastitis (inflammation of the mammary gland) among dairy camels in Sub-Saharan Africa, with negative implications for milk productio...

    Authors: Dinah Seligsohn, Chiara Crestani, Taya L. Forde, Erika Chenais and Ruth N. Zadoks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:217

    Content type: Research

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  6. Rhizosphere soil is a crucial niche for the diverse beneficial microbial communities in plant-microbe interactions. This study explores the antagonistic potential and diversity of the rhizosphere soil bacteria...

    Authors: Jintu Dutta and Debajit Thakur

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:216

    Content type: Research

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  7. Legionellosis is caused by the inhalation of aerosolized water contaminated with Legionella bacteria. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of Legionella species in aerosols collected from outdoor sites n...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Kanatani, Masanori Watahiki, Keiko Kimata, Tomoko Kato, Kaoru Uchida, Fumiaki Kura, Junko Amemura-Maekawa and Junko Isobe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:215

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The natural hosts of Shigella are typically humans and other primates, but it has been shown that the host range of Shigella has expanded to many animals. Although Shigella is becoming a major threat to animals, ...

    Authors: Zhen Zhu, Weiwei Wang, Mingze Cao, Qiqi Zhu, Tenghe Ma, Yongying Zhang, Guanhui Liu, Xuzheng Zhou, Bing Li, Yuxiang Shi and Jiyu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:214

    Content type: Research

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  9. Burkholderia pseudomallei is the bacterial causative agent of melioidosis, a difficult disease to diagnose clinically with high mortality if not appropriately treated. Definitive diagnosis requires isolation and ...

    Authors: Wanitda Watthanaworawit, Tamalee Roberts, Jill Hopkins, Ian Gassiep, Robert Norton, Matthew T. Robinson, Joy Silisouk, Poda Sar, Sena Sao, Premjit Amornchai, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Francois Nosten, Andrew J. H. Simpson, Paul Turner and Clare L. Ling

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:213

    Content type: Research

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  10. A high carriage rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with the mecC gene (mecC-MRSA) has been described among Wild European hedgehogs (Europeaus erineaus). Due to this frequent occurrence, it has be...

    Authors: Faruk Dube, Robert Söderlund, Matilda Lampinen Salomonsson, Karin Troell and Stefan Börjesson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research

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  11. Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania and presents different clinical manifestations. The adverse effects, immunosuppression and resistant strains associated with this...

    Authors: Ana Patricia Cacua Gélvez, José Antonio Picanço Diniz Junior, Rebecca Thereza Silva Santa Brígida and Ana Paula Drummond Rodrigues

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:211

    Content type: Research

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  12. Acinetobacter baumannii ability to develop and acquire resistance makes it one of the most critical nosocomial pathogens globally. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was applied to identify the acquired or mutational ...

    Authors: Gamal Wareth, Christian Brandt, Lisa D. Sprague, Heinrich Neubauer and Mathias W. Pletz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:210

    Content type: Research

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  13. Accumulating evidence have shown that the intestinal microbiota plays an important role in prevention of host obesity and metabolism disorders. Recent studies also demonstrate that early life is the key time f...

    Authors: Z. H. Miao, W. X. Zhou, R. Y. Cheng, H. J. Liang, F. L. Jiang, X. Shen, J. H. Lu, M. Li and F. He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant and colistin-resistant ECC pose a huge challenge to infection control. The purpose of this study was to clarify the mechanism of the carbapenems and colistin co-resistance...

    Authors: Shixing Liu, Renchi Fang, Ying Zhang, Lijiang Chen, Na Huang, Kaihang Yu, Cui Zhou, Jianming Cao and Tieli Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Microbial contamination of edible low moisture food poses a significant public health risk for human. In this study, the microbial quality of sweet dehulled sesame seed croquettes, salted dehulled sesame seed ...

    Authors: Muller K. A. Compaoré, Bazoin Sylvain Raoul Bazie, Marguerite E. M. Nikiema, Virginie Marie Dakené, René Dembélé, Dissinviel Stéphane Kpoda, Elie Kabré and Nicolas Barro

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:207

    Content type: Research

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  16. This study examined how rhizosphere fungi influence the accumulation of chemical components in fruits of a small population species of Cinnamomum migao.

    Authors: Jingzhong Chen, Xiaolong Huang, Bingli Tong, Deng Wang, Jiming Liu, Xiaofeng Liao and Qingwen Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:206

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Aquaponics are food production systems advocated for food security and health. Their sustainability from a nutritional and plant health perspective is, however, a significant challenge. Recirculated aquacultur...

    Authors: Sammar Khalil, Preeti Panda, Farideh Ghadamgahi, AnnaKarin Rosberg and Ramesh R Vetukuri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:205

    Content type: Research

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  18. Diarrhea is an important ailment limiting the production of the Tibetan pig industry. Dynamic balance of the intestinal microbiota is important for the physiology of the animal. The objective of this work was ...

    Authors: Qinghui Kong, Suozhu Liu, Aoyun Li, Yaping Wang, Lihong Zhang, Mudassar Iqbal, Tariq Jamil, Zhenda Shang, Lang-sizhu Suo and Jiakui Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:204

    Content type: Research

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  19. Staphylococcus aureus causes various infections, including skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). In this study, methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) from SSTIs among patients in three tertiary-care hospita...

    Authors: Nikolaos Giormezis, Anastassios Doudoulakakis, Katerina Tsilipounidaki, Maria Militsopoulou, George Kalogeras, Vasiliki Stamouli, Fevronia Kolonitsiou, Efthimia Petinaki, Evangelia Lebessi and Iris Spiliopoulou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:203

    Content type: Research

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  20. The human gut microbiome harbors a collection of bacterial antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) known as the resistome. The factors associated with establishment of the resistome in early life are not well un...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Lebeaux, Modupe O. Coker, Erika F. Dade, Thomas J. Palys, Hilary G. Morrison, Benjamin D. Ross, Emily R. Baker, Margaret R. Karagas, Juliette C. Madan and Anne G. Hoen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Triosephosphate isomerase (Tpi1) is a glycolytic enzyme that has recently been reported also to be an atypical proteinaceous component of the Candida yeast cell wall. Similar to other known candidal “moonlighting...

    Authors: Dorota Satala, Grzegorz Satala, Marcin Zawrotniak and Andrzej Kozik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:199

    Content type: Research

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  22. Probiotics are important tools in therapies against vaginal infections and can assist traditional antibiotic therapies in restoring healthy microbiota. Recent research has shown that microorganisms belonging t...

    Authors: Nathan das Neves Selis, Hellen Braga Martins de Oliveira, Hiago Ferreira Leão, Yan Bento dos Anjos, Beatriz Almeida Sampaio, Thiago Macêdo Lopes Correia, Carolline Florentino Almeida, Larissa Silva Carvalho Pena, Mariane Mares Reis, Thamara Louisy Santos Brito, Laís Ferraz Brito, Guilherme Barreto Campos, Jorge Timenetsky, Mariluze Peixoto Cruz, Rachel Passos Rezende, Carla Cristina Romano…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:198

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Microfluidic chip detection technology is considered a potent tool for many bioanalytic applications. Rapid detection of foodborne pathogens in the early stages is imperative to prevent the outbreak of foodbor...

    Authors: Mimi Zhang, Jinfeng Liu, Zhiqiang Shen, Yongxin Liu, Yang Song, Yu Liang, Zhende Li, Lingmei Nie, Yanjun Fang and Youquan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research

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  24. Colibactin-producing Escherichia coli containing polyketide synthase (pks+ E. coli) has been shown to be involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) development through gut microbiota analysis in animal models. Stool sta...

    Authors: Daiki Watanabe, Haruka Murakami, Harumi Ohno, Kumpei Tanisawa, Kana Konishi, Kikue Todoroki-Mori, Yuta Tsunematsu, Michio Sato, Yuji Ogata, Noriyuki Miyoshi, Naoto Kubota, Jun Kunisawa, Keiji Wakabayashi, Tetsuya Kubota, Kenji Watanabe and Motohiko Miyachi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Increasing resistance to antibiotics of Pseudomonas aeruginosa leads to therapeutic deadlock and alternative therapies are needed. We aimed to evaluate the effects of Lactobacillus clinical isolates in vivo, thro...

    Authors: Marie-Sarah Fangous, Philippe Gosset, Nicolas Galakhoff, Stéphanie Gouriou, Charles-Antoine Guilloux, Christopher Payan, Sophie Vallet, Geneviève Héry-Arnaud and Rozenn Le Berre

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:195

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Serological test is helpful in confirming and tracking infectious diseases in large population with the advantage of fast and convenience. Using the specific epitope peptides identified from the whole antigen ...

    Authors: Yunwen Zhang, Zhengrong Yang, Sicheng Tian, Baisheng Li, Tiejian Feng, Jianfan He, Min Jiang, Xiujuan Tang, Shujiang Mei, Hao Li, Yifan Zhong, Guilian Li, Mingyuan Tang, Sijing Liu, Tian Tang, Chuan Wang…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:194

    Content type: Research

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  27. Phages are one of the key components in the structure, dynamics, and interactions of microbial communities in different bins. It has a clear impact on human health and the food industry. Bacteriophage characte...

    Authors: Yousef Nami, Nazila Imeni and Bahman Panahi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:193

    Content type: Review

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  28. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-bloodstream infections (BSI) are predominantly seen in the hospital or healthcare-associated host. Nevertheless, the interactions of virulence factor (VFs) regul...

    Authors: Sanaz Dehbashi, Hamed Tahmasebi, Behrouz Zeyni and Mohammad Reza Arabestani

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research

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  29. The compromised gut microbiome that results from C-section birth has been hypothesized as a risk factor for the development of non-communicable diseases (NCD). In a double-blind randomized controlled study, 15...

    Authors: Christophe Lay, Collins Wenhan Chu, Rikky Wenang Purbojati, Enzo Acerbi, Daniela I. Drautz-Moses, Paola Florez de Sessions, Song Jie, Eliza Ho, Yee Jiun Kok, Xuezhi Bi, Shuwen Chen, Shi Ya Mak, Mei Chien Chua, Anne E. N. Goh, Wen Chin Chiang, Rajeshwar Rao…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Fungal cell wall polysaccharides maintain the integrity of fungi and interact with host immune cells. The immunomodulation of fungal polysaccharides has been demonstrated in previous studies. However, the effe...

    Authors: Lilin Huang, Jing Zhang, Weian Du, Zixian Liang, Meirong Li, Rong Wu, Sanmei Chen, Xuchu Hu and Huaiqiu Huang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:190

    Content type: Research

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  31. Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones have emerged globally over the last few decades. Probiotics have been actively studied as an alternative to antibiotics to prevent and treat S. aureus infections,...

    Authors: Soyoun Park, Adam Classen, Hanny Maeva Gohou, Roberto Maldonado, Emily Kretschmann, Chloe Duvernay, Geun-Joong Kim and Jennifer Ronholm

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research

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  32. Multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae spp. (kp) are emerging agents of severe infections of the respiratory, urinary tract and wounds that can progress to fatal septicemia. The use of bacteriophages is curren...

    Authors: Simone Eckstein, Jana Stender, Sonia Mzoughi, Kilian Vogele, Jana Kühn, Daniela Friese, Christina Bugert, Susann Handrick, Mustapha Ferjani, Roman Wölfel, Andrew Millard, Mohamed Ben Moussa and Joachim J. Bugert

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:186

    Content type: Research

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  33. The emergence of antimicrobial resistance against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) has become the major concern in global tuberculosis control due to its limited therapy options and high mortality. Ho...

    Authors: Lin Liu, Xiujuan Zhao, Xingyong Wu, Sijing Li, Biao Liu, Mamy Jayne Nelly Rajaofera, Yingfei Zeng, Sufang Dong, Zheng Bei, Hua Pei and Qianfeng Xia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To investigate the ecological effects of chemical and biological control methods on tobacco wildfire disease, a plot field experiment was conducted to compare the control efficiency and mechanisms of a chemica...

    Authors: Tianbo Liu, Yabing Gu, Zhicheng Zhou, Zhenghua Liu, Huaqun Yin, Chong Qin, Tuyong Yi and Jiemeng Tao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research

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  35. Lactobacilli are often recognized as beneficial partners in human microbial environments. However, lactobacilli also cause diseases in human, e.g. infective endocarditis (IE), septicaemia, rheumatic vascular d...

    Authors: Qi Tang, Yingying Hao, Lu Wang, Chao Lu, Ming Li, Zaifeng Si, Xiaoben Wu and Zhiming Lu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:183

    Content type: Research

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  36. Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) can cause serious damage to the human body and may cause various chronic diseases. Studies have found that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have antioxidant and anti-aging eff...

    Authors: Qingfeng Ge, Bo Yang, Rui Liu, Donglei Jiang, Hai Yu, Mangang Wu and Wangang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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  37. With increasing concerns about the impact of frequent antibiotic usage on the human microbiome, it is important to characterize the potential for such effects in early antibiotic drug development clinical tria...

    Authors: Andrea Nuzzo, Stephanie Van Horn, Christopher Traini, Caroline R. Perry, Etienne F. Dumont, Nicole E. Scangarella-Oman, David F. Gardiner and James R. Brown

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:181

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In the last few decades, considerable attention has been paid to entomopathogenic fungi as biocontrol agents, however little is known about their mode of action and safety. This study aimed to investigate the ...

    Authors: Mandeep Kaur, Pooja Chadha, Sanehdeep Kaur and Amarjeet Kaur

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research

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  39. Bacterial community play a key role in environmental and ecological processes in river ecosystems. Rivers are used as receiving body for treated and untreated urban wastewaters that brings high loads of sewage...

    Authors: Keqiang Shao, Xin Yao, Zhaoshi Wu, Xingyu Jiang, Yang Hu, Xiangming Tang, Qiujin Xu and Guang Gao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:179

    Content type: Research

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  40. The genus Ophiocordyceps, which includes Ophiocordyceps sinensis, has been demonstrated to be one of the most valuable medicinal taxa. The low rate of larval infection and slow development that characterize the c...

    Authors: Chengpeng Li, Dexiang Tang, Yuanbing Wang, Qi Fan, Xiaomei Zhang, Xiaolong Cui and Hong Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research

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  41. The global rise in the incidence of non-tuberculosis mycobacterial infections is of increasing concern due their high levels of intrinsic antibiotic resistance. Although integrated viral genomes, called propha...

    Authors: Jaycee Cushman, Emma Freeman, Sarah McCallister, Anna Schumann, Keith W. Hutchison and Sally D. Molloy

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:176

    Content type: Research

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  42. Menaquinones are constituents of prokaryote cell membranes where they play important functions during electron transport. Menaquinone profiles are strongly recommended for species classification when proposing...

    Authors: Fuquan Xie, Shengxiang Pei, Xihuang Lin, Yun Tian and Gaiyun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research

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  43. Molecular assays are important tools for pathogen detection but need to be periodically re-evaluated with the discovery of additional genetic diversity that may cause assays to exclude target taxa or include n...

    Authors: Colin Wood, Jason Sahl, Sara Maltinsky, Briana Coyne, Benjamin Russakoff, David Panisello Yagüe, Jolene Bowers and Talima Pearson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research

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  44. Bacillus cereus 0–9, a Gram-positive, endospore-forming bacterium isolated from healthy wheat roots in our previous research, is considered to be an effective biocontrol strain against several soil-borne plant di...

    Authors: Qiubin Huang, Zhen Zhang, Qing Liu, Fengying Liu, Yupeng Liu, Juanmei Zhang and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research

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