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  1. Salmonella can invade host cells via a type three secretion system called T3SS-1 and its outer membrane proteins, PagN and Rck. However, the mechanism of PagN-dependent invasion pathway used by Salmonella enteric...

    Authors: Emilie Barilleau, Mégane Védrine, Michael Koczerka, Julien Burlaud-Gaillard, Florent Kempf, Olivier Grépinet, Isabelle Virlogeux-Payant, Philippe Velge and Agnès Wiedemann

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:153

    Content type: Research

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  2. Inter-individual variations in gut microbiota composition are observed even among healthy populations. The gut microbiota may exhibit a unique composition depending on the country of origin and race of individ...

    Authors: Jonguk Park, Kumiko Kato, Haruka Murakami, Koji Hosomi, Kumpei Tanisawa, Takashi Nakagata, Harumi Ohno, Kana Konishi, Hitoshi Kawashima, Yi-An Chen, Attayeb Mohsen, Jin-zhong Xiao, Toshitaka Odamaki, Jun Kunisawa, Kenji Mizuguchi and Motohiko Miyachi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:151

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical compositions and microbial communities of salt-tolerant alfalfa silage. Salt-tolerant alfalfa was ensiled with no additive control, and cellulase for 30...

    Authors: Duo Wen Sa, Qiang Lu, Zhen Wang, Gentu Ge, Lin Sun and Yushan Jia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research

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  4. Recurrent tonsillitis is one of the most common otolaryngological disorders caused by cell-invading bacteria, such as Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes) and Haemophilus influenzae. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Iuchi, Junichiro Ohori, Satoshi Kiyama, Naoko Imuta, Junichiro Nishi, Yuichi Kurono and Masaru Yamashita

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research

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  5. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a common endocrine disorder with rising prevalence in pregnancy, has been reported to be associated with alteration of gut microbiota in recent years. However, the role of ...

    Authors: Fang Chen, Yu Gan, Yingtao Li, Wenzhi He, Weizhen Wu, Kejian Wang and Qing Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:147

    Content type: Research

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  6. Gut microbiota closely communicate in the immune system to maintain a balanced immune homeostasis in the gastrointestinal tract of the host. Oral administration of probiotics modulates gut microbiota compositi...

    Authors: Sang-Kap Han, Yeon-Jeong Shin, Dong-Yeon Lee, Kyung Min Kim, Seo-Jin Yang, Du Seong Kim, Ji-Whi Choi, Seunghun Lee and Dong-Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:146

    Content type: Research

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  7. Group B streptococci (GBS) are important neonatal bacterial pathogens that can cause severe invasive disease in the newborn. It is thought that in many cases of invasive neonatal GBS disease, the bacteria asce...

    Authors: Maram Hulbah, Matthew A. Croxen and Gregory J. Tyrrell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:145

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Tuberculosis (T.B) is one of the major infectious diseases in the developing countries. The diagnosis of extrapulmonary T.B (EPTB) remains problematic and emergence of resistant strains poses a significant thr...

    Authors: Asmaa Mohammed Elbrolosy, Rana H. El Helbawy, Osama M. Mansour and Reda Abdel Latif

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research

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  9. Seed dimorphism has been thought to be a bet-hedging strategy that helps plants survive in the disturbed environment and has been widely studied for its ecological adaptation mechanism. Many studies showed tha...

    Authors: Hongfei Wang, Manik Prabhu Narsing Rao, Yanli Gao, Xinyang Li, Rui Gao, Yuanguo Xie, Qiuli Li and Wenjun Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:143

    Content type: Research

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  10. Chinese soft-shell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) is an important commercial species for their high nutritional value and unique taste, but it has been a vulnerable species due to habitat loss. In this study, homol...

    Authors: Benli Wu, Long Huang, Jing Chen, Ye Zhang, Jun Wang and Jixiang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The potential role of the gut microbiome (GM) in heart failure (HF) had recently been revealed. However, the underlying mechanisms of the GM and fecal metabolome in HF have not been characterized. The Dahl sal...

    Authors: Lin Li, Sen-jie Zhong, Si-yuan Hu, Bin Cheng, Hong Qiu and Zhi-xi Hu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research

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  12. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection is the leading cause of septicemia, meningitis, and pneumonia in neonates. Aberrant gut colonization in early life may predispose children to various diseases in adulthood...

    Authors: Yue-feng Li, Xue-lei Gong, Su-xiang Chen, Kejian Wang and Yan-hua Jiang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:140

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The information on antibiotic resistance and molecular features of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) are essential for epidemiological purposes as well as vaccine development. Therefore, we aimed to assess the antimicr...

    Authors: Tahereh Motallebirad, Hossein Fazeli, Ataollah Ghahiri, Dariush Shokri, Saba Jalalifar, Sharareh Moghim and Bahram Nasr Esfahani

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research

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  14. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is one of the primary types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the occurrence of which has been increasing worldwide. Although IBD is an intensively studied human microbiome-associate...

    Authors: Wendy Li, Yang Sun, Lin Dai, Hongju Chen, Bin Yi, Junkun Niu, Lan Wang, Fengrui Zhang, Juan Luo, Kunhua Wang, Rui Guo, Lianwei Li, Quan Zou, Zhanshan (Sam) Ma and Yinglei Miao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:138

    Content type: Research

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  15. Burkholderia pseudomallei, a facultative intracellular bacterium, is the aetiological agent of melioidosis that is responsible for up to 40% sepsis-related mortality in epidemic areas. However, no effective vacci...

    Authors: Siqi Yuan, Yao Fang, Mengling Tang, Zhiqiang Hu, Chenglong Rao, Jiangao Chen, Yupei Xia, Meijuan Zhang, Jingmin Yan, Bin Tang, Xiaoyi He, Jianping Xie, Xuhu Mao and Qian Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:137

    Content type: Research

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  16. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses a complex threat to global health security and universal health coverage. Recently, nosocomial infections with carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) is increa...

    Authors: Hana S. Elbadawi, Kamal M. Elhag, Elsheikh Mahgoub, Hisham N. Altayb, Francine Ntoumi, Linzy Elton, Timothy D. McHugh, John Tembo, Giuseppe Ippolito, Abdinasir Yusuf Osman, Alimuddin Zumla and Muzamil M. Abdel Hamid

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:136

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes) is a Gram positive bacterium which is a leading cause of pharyngitis, skin and soft tissue infection and post streptococcal syndromes. Due to lack of β-lactamase enzyme produc...

    Authors: Destaw Kebede, Alemale Admas and Daniel Mekonnen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research

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  18. Fungal spores dispersed in the atmosphere may become cause of different pathological conditions and allergies for human beings. A number of studies have been performed to analyze the diversity of airborne fung...

    Authors: Yumna Nageen, Michael Dare Asemoloye, Sergei Põlme, Xiao Wang, Shihan Xu, Pramod W. Ramteke and Lorenzo Pecoraro

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research

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  19. The prevalence of clinical multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been increasing rapidly worldwide over the years and responsible for a wide range of acute and chronic infections with high mortalit...

    Authors: Mingju Hao, Wanshan Ma, Xiutao Dong, Xiaofeng Li, Fang Cheng and Yujiao Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:133

    Content type: Research

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  20. P. aeruginosa is the primary source of hospital-acquired infections. Unfortunately, antibiotic resistance is growing to precariously high levels, making the infections by this pathogen life-threatening and hard t...

    Authors: Bahareh Lashtoo Aghaee, Mohammadali Khan Mirzaei, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani and Ali Mojtahedi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:132

    Content type: Research

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  21. Evidence was previously provided for sex-related differences in the human gut microbiota composition, and sex-specific discrepancy in hormonal profiles was proposed as a main determinant of these differences. ...

    Authors: Alexander Koliada, Vladislav Moseiko, Mariana Romanenko, Oleh Lushchak, Nadiia Kryzhanovska, Vitaly Guryanov and Alexander Vaiserman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research

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  22. The coral microbiome plays a key role in host health by being involved in energy metabolism, nutrient cycling, and immune system formation. Inoculating coral with beneficial bacterial consortia may enhance the...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Qingsong Yang, Juan Ling, Lijuan Long, Hui Huang, Jianping Yin, Meilin Wu, Xiaoyu Tang, Xiancheng Lin, Yanying Zhang and Junde Dong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:130

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:150

  23. Hypertension (HTN) is one of the major cardiovascular risk factors, which contributes to increasing target organ damages and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Isolated systolic HTN (ISH) and is...

    Authors: Pan Wang, Ying Dong, Kun Zuo, Chunming Han, Jie Jiao, Xinchun Yang and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:128

    Content type: Research

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  24. Fungi are premier hosts for the high-yield secretion of proteins for biomedical and industrial applications. The stability and activity of these secreted proteins is often dependent on the culture pH. As yeast...

    Authors: Rianne C. Prins and Sonja Billerbeck

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:127

    Content type: Methodology article

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  25. Infants suffer from a severe epileptic encephalopathy known as West syndrome (WS). Treatment with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) indicates the involvement of the gut-brain axis in WS. Several pieces of evi...

    Authors: Lu Xu, Dandan Chen, Congying Zhao, Lihua Jiang, Shanshan Mao, Chao Song and Feng Gao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:126

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Members of the Erysipelotrichaceae family have a high abundance in the intestinal tract of mammals, and have been reported to be associated with host metabolic disorders and inflammatory diseases. In our previ...

    Authors: Jinyuan Wu, Min Liu, Mengqing Zhou, Lin Wu, Hui Yang, Lusheng Huang and Congying Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:125

    Content type: Research

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  27. Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae represent the most relevant reservoir of resistance genes such as metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) and AmpC gene...

    Authors: Chika Ejikeugwu, Okoro Nworie, Morteza Saki, Hussein O. M. Al-Dahmoshi, Noor S. K. Al-Khafaji, Chika Ezeador, Emmanuel Nwakaeze, Peter Eze, Eniola Oni, Chidiebere Obi, Ifeanyichukwu Iroha, Charles Esimone and Michael U. Adikwu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:124

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Information on the genetic variability of drug resistant isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is of paramount importance to understand transmission dynamics of disease and to improve TB control strategies. Desp...

    Authors: Ajay Vir Singh, Suman Singh, Anjali Yadav, Shweta Kushwah, Rajbala Yadav, Davuluri Kushma Sai and Devendra Singh Chauhan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:123

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Oral lichen planus (OLP), a common clinical oral disease, is associated with an increased risk of malignant transformation. The mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of OLP is unknown. Oral dysbacteriosis is r...

    Authors: Shutong Li, Yangheng Zhang, Zongcheng Yang, Jingyuan Li, Ya Li, Huanjie Li, Wenjuan Li, Jihui Jia, Shaohua Ge and Yundong Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:122

    Content type: Research

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  30. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Zhiyuan Gao, Yaya Hu, Meikun Han, Junjie Xu, Xue Wang, Lanfu Liu, Zhonghou Tang, Weijing Jiao, Rong Jin, Ming Liu, Zhengjun Guan and Zhimin Ma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:121

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:102

  31. Translation is an important point of regulation in protein synthesis. However, there is a limited number of methods available to measure global translation activity in yeast. Recently, O-propargyl-puromycin (O...

    Authors: Jennifer Staudacher, Corinna Rebnegger and Brigitte Gasser

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:120

    Content type: Methodology article

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  32. Salinization damages the health of soil systems and reduces crop yields. Responses of microbial communities to salinized soils and their functional maintenance under high salt stress are valuable scientific pr...

    Authors: Yi Qiang Li, Ying Hui Chai, Xu Sheng Wang, Li Ying Huang, Xi Ming Luo, Cheng Qiu, Qing Hai Liu and Xiang Yu Guan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research

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  33. Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum species complex is an important soil-borne disease worldwide that affects more than 450 plant species, including peanut, leading to great yield and quality losses. ...

    Authors: Kun Chen, Lihui Wang, Hua Chen, Chong Zhang, Shanshan Wang, Panpan Chu, Shaokang Li, Huiwen Fu, Tao Sun, Menghan Liu, Qiang Yang, Huasong Zou and Weijian Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:118

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Ngwafu Nancy Ngwasiri, Norbert W. Brattig, Dieudonné Ndjonka, Eva Liebau, Archile Paguem, Dustin Leusder, Manchang Tanyi Kingsley, Albert Eisenbarth, Alfons Renz and Achukwi Mbunkah Daniel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:117

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:5

  35. To tackle the problem of antibiotic resistance, an extensive search for novel antibiotics is one of the top research priorities. Around 60% of the antibiotics used today were obtained from the genus Streptomyces....

    Authors: Nowreen Arefa, Ashish Kumar Sarker and Md. Ajijur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:116

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cultivation is highly challenged by faba bean black root rot disease (Fusarium solani) in high lands of Ethiopia. To ensure sustainable production of faba beans, searching for eco-friend...

    Authors: Alemayehu Dugassa, Tesfaye Alemu and Yitbarek Woldehawariat

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:115

    Content type: Research

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  37. Geographically separated population growth of microbes is a common phenomenon in microbial ecology. Colonies are representative of the morphological characteristics of this structured population growth. Patter...

    Authors: Heng Xue, Masaomi Kurokawa and Bei-Wen Ying

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Emerging evidence implicates the gut microbiome in liver inflammation and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. We aimed to characterize the temporal evolution of gut dysbiosis, in relation to the phenot...

    Authors: J. Behary, A. E. Raposo, N. M. L. Amorim, H. Zheng, L. Gong, E. McGovern, J. Chen, K. Liu, J. Beretov, C. Theocharous, M. T. Jackson, J. Seet-Lee, G. W. McCaughan, E. M. El-Omar and A. Zekry

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Accurate and rapid identification of microorganisms causing periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are necessary for choosing an appropriate antibiotic therapy. Therefore, molecular techniques are suggested fo...

    Authors: Samaneh Bourbour, Mohammad Emaneini, Mahmoud Jabalameli, Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Mohamad Naghi Tahmasebi, Amirheckmat Taghizadeh, Arash Sharafatvaziri, Reza Beigverdi and Fereshteh Jabalameli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Streptococcus suis type 2 (SS2) is an important zoonotic pathogen. We have previously reported the structure of LuxS protein and found that the luxS gene is closely related to biofilm, virulence gene expression a...

    Authors: Jinpeng Li, Yuxin Wang, Yanbin Du, Hui Zhang, Qingying Fan, Liyun Sun, Li Yi, Shaohui Wang and Yang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:111

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Plant defensins are a broadly distributed family of antimicrobial peptides which have been primarily studied for agriculturally relevant antifungal activity. Recent studies have probed defensins against Gram-n...

    Authors: Tessa B. Moyer, Ashleigh L. Purvis, Andrew J. Wommack and Leslie M. Hicks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Fosfomycin has been proven to be a vital choice to treat infection caused by multidrug resistance bacteria, especially carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP). However, fosfomycin resistant cases has be...

    Authors: Haichen Wang, Changhang Min, Jun Li, Ting Yu, Yongmei Hu, Qingya Dou and Mingxiang Zou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the most frequent KPC-producing bacteria. The blaKPC gene is frequently embedded in Tn4401 transposon, and less frequently in non-Tn4401 elements (NTEKPC) variants I-III. The first case o...

    Authors: Aniela Wozniak, Cristian Figueroa, Francisco Moya-Flores, Piero Guggiana, Claudia Castillo, Lina Rivas, José M. Munita and Patricia C. García

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  44. While aging is a potent risk factor of dry eye disease, age-related gut dysbiosis is associated with inflammation and chronic geriatric diseases. Emerging evidence have demonstrated that gut dysbiosis contribu...

    Authors: Chang Ho Yoon, Jin Suk Ryu, Jayoon Moon and Mee Kum Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:106

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The rise of microbial antibiotic resistance is a leading threat to the health of the human population. As such, finding new approaches to tackle these microbes, including development of novel antibiotics is vi...

    Authors: Lucy A. Onime, Linda B. Oyama, Benjamin J. Thomas, Jurnorain Gani, Peter Alexander, Kate E. Waddams, Alan Cookson, Narcis Fernandez-Fuentes, Christopher J. Creevey and Sharon A. Huws

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:105

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Mycobacterium intracellulare is a representative etiological agent of emerging pulmonary M. avium-intracellulare complex disease in the industrialized countries worldwide. The recent genome sequencing of clinical...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Tateishi, Yuriko Ozeki, Akihito Nishiyama, Mari Miki, Ryoji Maekura, Yukari Fukushima, Chie Nakajima, Yasuhiko Suzuki and Sohkichi Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:103

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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