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  1. Bracoviruses (BVs), a group of double-stranded DNA viruses with segmented genomes, are mutualistic endosymbionts of parasitoid wasps. Virus particles are replication deficient and are produced only by female w...

    Authors: Christopher A Desjardins, Dawn E Gundersen-Rindal, Jessica B Hostetler, Luke J Tallon, Roger W Fuester, Michael C Schatz, Monica J Pedroni, Douglas W Fadrosh, Brian J Haas, Bradley S Toms, Dan Chen and Vishvanath Nene
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:61
  2. Glucosyltransferases (Gtfs), enzymes that produce extracellular glucans from dietary sucrose, contribute to dental plaque formation by Streptococcus gordonii and Streptococcus mutans. The alpha-amylase-binding pr...

    Authors: Biswendu Chaudhuri, Jennifer Rojek, M Margaret Vickerman, Jason M Tanzer and Frank A Scannapieco
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:60
  3. Bacteria of the genus Bartonella are responsible for a large variety of human and animal diseases. Serological typing of Bartonella is a method that can be used for differentiation and identification of Bartonell...

    Authors: Cyrille J Bonhomme, Claude Nappez and Didier Raoult
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:59
  4. Chromobacterium violaceum is a free-living bacterium able to survive under diverse environmental conditions. In this study we evaluate the genetic and physiological diversity of Chromobacterium sp. isolates from ...

    Authors: Cláudia I Lima-Bittencourt, Spartaco Astolfi-Filho, Edmar Chartone-Souza, Fabrício R Santos and Andréa MA Nascimento
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:58
  5. In prokaryotes, the ureases are multi-subunit, nickel-containing enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of urea to carbon dioxide and ammonia. The Brucella genomes contain two urease operons designated as ure 1 and...

    Authors: Aloka B Bandara, Andrea Contreras, Araceli Contreras-Rodriguez, Ana M Martins, Victor Dobrean, Sherry Poff-Reichow, Parthiban Rajasekaran, Nammalwar Sriranganathan, Gerhardt G Schurig and Stephen M Boyle
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:57
  6. The nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) are associated with a spectrum of respiratory mucosal infections including: acute otitis media (AOM); chronic otitis media with effusion (COME); otorrhea; locally ...

    Authors: Farrel J Buchinsky, Michael L Forbes, Jay D Hayes, Kai Shen, Suzanne Ezzo, James Compliment, Justin Hogg, N Luisa Hiller, Fen Ze Hu, J Christopher Post and Garth D Ehrlich
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:56
  7. Listeria monocytogenes has been implicated in several food borne outbreaks as well as sporadic cases of disease. Increased understanding of the biology of this organism is important in the prevention of food b...

    Authors: Jens Bo Andersen, Bent B Roldgaard, Bjarke Bak Christensen and Tine Rask Licht
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:55
  8. Helicobacter pylori infection is exceptionally prevalent and is considered to be acquired primarily early in life through person-to-person transmission within the family. H. pylori is a genetically diverse bacter...

    Authors: Mårten Kivi, Sandra Rodin, Ilya Kupershmidt, Annelie Lundin, Ylva Tindberg, Marta Granström and Lars Engstrand
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:54
  9. Glucose is the preferred carbon and energy source for Escherichia coli. A complex regulatory network coordinates gene expression, transport and enzyme activities in response to the presence of this sugar. To dete...

    Authors: Rosa María Gutierrez-Ríos, Julio A Freyre-Gonzalez, Osbaldo Resendis, Julio Collado-Vides, Milton Saier and Guillermo Gosset
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:53
  10. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem and HIV is the major cause of the increase in TB. Sub-Saharan Africa is endemic for both TB and HIV infection. Determination of the prevalence of M. tuberculosis strain...

    Authors: Gibson S Kibiki, Bert Mulder, Wil MV Dolmans, Jessica L de Beer, Martin Boeree, Noel Sam, Dick van Soolingen, Christophe Sola and Adri GM van der Zanden
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:51
  11. Campylobacter jejuni has been divided into two subspecies: C. jejuni subsp. jejuni (Cjj) and C. jejuni subsp. doylei (Cjd). Nearly all of the C. jejuni strains isolated are Cjj; nevertheless, although Cjd strains...

    Authors: Craig T Parker, William G Miller, Sharon T Horn and Albert J Lastovica
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:50
  12. West Nile virus (WNV) infection can cause severe meningitis and encephalitis in humans. Apoptosis was recently shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of WNV encephalitis. Here, we used WNV-infected glioma cel...

    Authors: Malte C Kleinschmidt, Martin Michaelis, Henry Ogbomo, Hans-Wilhelm Doerr and Jindrich Cinatl Jr
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:49
  13. E. histolytica, a pathogenic amoeba, is indistinguishable in its cyst and trophozoite stages from those of non-pathogenic E. moshkovskii and E. dispar by light microscopy. We have developed a nested multiplex PCR...

    Authors: Krishna Khairnar and Subhash C Parija
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:47
  14. Drug resistance is an emerging problem among streptococcal and enterococcal species. Automated diagnostic systems for species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) have become recently ...

    Authors: Gioconda R Brigante, Francesco A Luzzaro, Beatrice Pini, Gianluigi Lombardi, Gertrude Sokeng and Antonio Q Toniolo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:46
  15. Some isolates of the Liverpool cystic fibrosis epidemic strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exhibit an unusual virulence-related phenotype, characterized by over-production of quorum sensing-regulated exoproducts su...

    Authors: Joanne L Fothergill, Stavroula Panagea, Charles A Hart, Martin J Walshaw, Tyrone L Pitt and Craig Winstanley
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:45
  16. The spliced leader (SL) RNA provides the 5' m7G cap and first 39 nt for all nuclear mRNAs in kinetoplastids. This small nuclear RNA is transcribed by RNA polymerase II from individual promoters. In Leishmania tar...

    Authors: Robert A Hitchcock, Sean Thomas, David A Campbell and Nancy R Sturm
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:44
  17. Three enterotoxins are implicated in diarrhoeal food poisoning due to Bacillus cereus: Haemolysin BL (Hbl), Non-haemolytic enterotoxin (Nhe), and Cytotoxin K (CytK). Toxin gene profiling and assays for detection ...

    Authors: Annette Fagerlund, Julien Brillard, Rainer Fürst, Marie-Hélène Guinebretière and Per Einar Granum
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:43
  18. As a stationary phase signal, indole is secreted in large quantities into rich medium by Escherichia coli and has been shown to control several genes (e.g., astD, tnaB, gabT), multi-drug exporters, and the pathog...

    Authors: Jintae Lee, Arul Jayaraman and Thomas K Wood
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:42
  19. Amoebic liver abscess (ALA) and pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) appear identical by ultrasound and other imaging techniques. Collection of blood or liver abscess pus for diagnosis of liver abscesses is an invas...

    Authors: Subhash C Parija and Krishna Khairnar
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:41
  20. Over the past fifteen years, antibiotic resistance in the Gram-positive opportunistic human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae has significantly increased. Clinical isolates from patients with community-acquired p...

    Authors: Ulrich Strych, Milya Davlieva, Joseph P Longtin, Eileen L Murphy, Hookang Im, Michael J Benedik and Kurt L Krause
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:40
  21. Previous studies have suggested that variations in DNA repair genes of W-Beijing strains may have led to transient mutator phenotypes which in turn may have contributed to host adaptation of this strain family...

    Authors: Laurent X Nouvel, Tiago Dos Vultos, Eric Kassa-Kelembho, Jean Rauzier and Brigitte Gicquel
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:39
  22. Although more than 100 Chlamydia pneumoniae hypothetical proteins have been predicted to be inclusion membrane proteins, only a few have been experimentally demonstrated to be in the inclusion membrane. Using ant...

    Authors: Jianhua Luo, Guangchao Liu, Youmin Zhong, Tianjun Jia, Kaiyang Liu, Ding Chen and Guangming Zhong
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:38
  23. Tuberculosis remains a leading infectious disease with global public health threat. Its control and management have been complicated by multi-drug resistance and latent infection, which prompts scientists to f...

    Authors: Li M Fu and Casey S Fu-Liu
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:37
  24. The first step in biofilm formation is bacterial attachment to solid surfaces, which is dependent on the cell surface physico-chemical properties. Cell wall anchored proteins (CWAP) are among the known adhesin...

    Authors: Olivier Habimana, Carine Le Goff, Vincent Juillard, Marie-Noëlle Bellon-Fontaine, Girbe Buist, Saulius Kulakauskas and Romain Briandet
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:36
  25. The diagnosis of invasive candidiasis is difficult because there are no specific clinical manifestations of the disease and colonization and infection are difficult to distinguish. In the last decade, much eff...

    Authors: Ana Laín, Natalia Elguezabal, Sonia Brena, Juan Carlos García-Ruiz, Amalia del Palacio, María D Moragues and José Pontón
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:35
  26. Pseudomonas aeruginosa frequently colonizes and is responsible for severe ventilator-associated pneumonia in intubated patients. A quorum-sensing (QS) circuit, depending on the production of the two QS-signaling ...

    Authors: Sabine Favre-Bonté, Eric Chamot, Thilo Köhler, Jacques-A Romand and Christian van Delden
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:33
  27. In recent years there has been renewed interest in the use of air ionisers to control of the spread of airborne infection. One characteristic of air ions which has been widely reported is their apparent biocid...

    Authors: Louise A Fletcher, Lindsey F Gaunt, Clive B Beggs, Simon J Shepherd, P Andrew Sleigh, Catherine J Noakes and Kevin G Kerr
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:32
  28. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small-colony type (SC) is among the most serious threats for livestock producers in Africa. Glycerol metabolism-associated H2

    Authors: Edy M Vilei, Ivone Correia, M Helena Ferronha, Daniela F Bischof and Joachim Frey
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:31
  29. The program eBURST uses multilocus sequence typing data to divide bacterial populations into groups of closely related strains (clonal complexes), predicts the founding genotype of each group, and displays the...

    Authors: Katherine ME Turner, William P Hanage, Christophe Fraser, Thomas R Connor and Brian G Spratt
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:30
  30. Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a human pathogen with a broad distribution in Latin America. The fungus is thermally dimorphic with two distinct forms corresponding to completely different lifestyles. Upon eleva...

    Authors: Karinne P Bastos, Alexandre M Bailão, Clayton L Borges, Fabricia P Faria, Maria SS Felipe, Mirelle G Silva, Wellington S Martins, Rogério B Fiúza, Maristela Pereira and Célia MA Soares
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:29
  31. MLVA (multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis) is a reliable typing technique introduced recently to differentiate also isolates of Enterococcus faecium. We used the established VNTR (variable numbe...

    Authors: Guido Werner, Ingo Klare and Wolfgang Witte
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:28
  32. Clinical isolates of the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori display a high level of genetic macro- and microheterogeneity, featuring a panmictic, rather than clonal structure. The ability of H. pylori to surviv...

    Authors: Justin G Hovey, Emily L Watson, Melanie L Langford, Ellen Hildebrandt, Sangeetha Bathala, Jeffrey R Bolland, Domenico Spadafora, George L Mendz and David J McGee
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:26
  33. The presence of β-lactamases in Y. enterocolitica has been reported to vary with serovars, biovars and geographical origin of the isolates. An understanding of the β-lactamases in other related species is importa...

    Authors: Shilpi Mittal, Sarita Mallik, Sachin Sharma and Jugsharan S Virdi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:25
  34. Two component lantibiotics, such as the plasmid-encoded lacticin 3147 produced by Lactococcus lactis DPC3147 and staphylococcin C55 produced by Staphylococcus aureus C55, represent an emerging subgroup of bacteri...

    Authors: Eileen B O'Connor, Paul D Cotter, Paula O'Connor, Orla O'Sullivan, John R Tagg, R Paul Ross and Colin Hill
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:24
  35. The facultative, intracellular bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, a serious infectious disease of humans and animals. We identified and categorized tandem repeat arrays and...

    Authors: Jana M U'Ren, James M Schupp, Talima Pearson, Heidie Hornstra, Christine L Clark Friedman, Kimothy L Smith, Rebecca R Leadem Daugherty, Shane D Rhoton, Ben Leadem, Shalamar Georgia, Michelle Cardon, Lynn Y Huynh, David DeShazer, Steven P Harvey, Richard Robison, Daniel Gal…
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:23
  36. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA load monitoring is known to be useful for the diagnosis and monitoring of EBV-associated diseases. The aim of this study is to compare the performance of two real-time PCR assays f...

    Authors: Francesca Perandin, Elisabetta Cariani, Caterina Patrizia Pollara and Nino Manca
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:22
  37. Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), a subgroup of Shiga toxin (Stx) producing E. coli (STEC), may cause severe enteritis and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and is transmitted orally via contaminated foods or from ...

    Authors: Sina M Coldewey, Maike Hartmann, Dorothea S Schmidt, Uta Engelking, Sya N Ukena and Florian Gunzer
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:21
  38. In V. cholerae, the biogenesis of capsule polysaccharide is poorly understood. The elucidation of capsule structure and biogenesis is critical to understanding the evolution of surface polysaccharide and the inte...

    Authors: Yuansha Chen, Peter Bystricky, Jacob Adeyeye, Pinaki Panigrahi, Afsar Ali, Judith A Johnson, CA Bush, JG Morris Jr and OC Stine
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:20
  39. The bacterial biothreat agents Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei are the cause of glanders and melioidosis, respectively. Genomic and epidemiological studies have shown that B. mallei is a recentl...

    Authors: Rachaneeporn Tiyawisutsri, Matthew TG Holden, Sarinna Tumapa, Sirirat Rengpipat, Simon R Clarke, Simon J Foster, William C Nierman, Nicholas PJ Day and Sharon J Peacock
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:19
  40. Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) causes paratuberculosis in animals and is suspected of causing Crohn's Disease in humans. Characterization of strains led to classify paratuberculosis isolates in...

    Authors: Iker Sevilla, Joseba M Garrido, Marivi Geijo and Ramon A Juste
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:18
  41. In order to study the mechanism of U(VI) reduction, the effect of deleting c-type cytochrome genes on the capacity of Geobacter sulfurreducens to reduce U(VI) with acetate serving as the electron donor was invest...

    Authors: Evgenya S Shelobolina, Maddalena V Coppi, Anton A Korenevsky, Laurie N DiDonato, Sara A Sullivan, Hiromi Konishi, Huifang Xu, Ching Leang, Jessica E Butler, Byoung-Chan Kim and Derek R Lovley
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:16
  42. Extra-cellular shear force is an important environmental parameter that is significant both medically and in the space environment. Escherichia coli cells grown in a low-shear modeled microgravity (LSMMG) environ...

    Authors: Don L Tucker, C Mark Ott, Stephen Huff, Yuriy Fofanov, Duane L Pierson, Richard C Willson and George E Fox
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:15

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