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  1. Tanzania has a high tuberculosis incidence, and genotyping studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the country are necessary in order to improve our understanding of the epidemic. Spoligotyping is a potentially ...

    Authors: Vegard Eldholm, Mecky Matee, Sayoki GM Mfinanga, Manfred Heun and Ulf R Dahle

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:76

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Development of the post-genomic age in Dictyostelium will require the existence of rapid and reliable methods to disrupt genes that would allow the analysis of entire gene families and perhaps the possibility to ...

    Authors: Patricia Torija, Alicia Robles and Ricardo Escalante

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:75

    Content type: Methodology article

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  3. Scavenger receptors (SRs) recognize endogenous molecules modified by pathological processes as well as components of diverse microorganisms. Mice deficient for both SR-AI and II are more susceptible to infecti...

    Authors: Margarida Cunha-Rodrigues, Sílvia Portugal, Maria Febbraio and Maria M Mota

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:73

    Content type: Research article

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  4. H-NS is a DNA-binding protein with central roles in gene regulation and nucleoid structuring in Escherichia coli. There are over 60 genes that are influenced by H-NS many of which are involved in metabolism. To d...

    Authors: Irfan Erol, Kwang-Cheol Jeong, David J Baumler, Boris Vykhodets, Sang Ho Choi and Charles W Kaspar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:72

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Most group A streptococcal (GAS) vaccine strategies have focused on the surface M protein, a major virulence factor of GAS. The amino-terminus of the M protein elicits antibodies, that are both opsonic and pro...

    Authors: Nonglak Yoonim, Colleen Olive, Chulabhorn Pruksachatkunakorn and Sumalee Pruksakorn

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:71

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Burkholderia pseudomallei is a saprophyte in tropical environments and an opportunistic human pathogen. This versatility requires a sensing mechanism that allows the bacterium to respond rapidly to altered enviro...

    Authors: Magdy E Mahfouz, T Hilton Grayson, David AB Dance and Martyn L Gilpin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:70

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Francisella tularensis is a zoonotic intracellular bacterial pathogen that causes tularemia. The subspecies tularensis is highly virulent and is classified as a category A agent of biological warfare because of i...

    Authors: Aiping Qin and Barbara J Mann

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:69

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Changes in aboveground plant species diversity as well as variations of environmental conditions such as exposure of ecosystems to elevated concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide may lead to changes in m...

    Authors: Dominique Grüter, Bernhard Schmid and Helmut Brandl

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:68

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Burkholderia cenocepacia is recognized as opportunistic pathogen that can cause lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients. A hallmark of B. cenocepacia infections is the inability to eradicate the organism beca...

    Authors: Paola Guglierame, Maria Rosalia Pasca, Edda De Rossi, Silvia Buroni, Patrizio Arrigo, Giulia Manina and Giovanna Riccardi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:66

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae biofilm formation is implicated in a number of chronic infections including otitis media, sinusitis and bronchitis. Biofilm structure includes cells and secreted extracellular ...

    Authors: Timothy K Gallaher, Siva Wu, Paul Webster and Rodrigo Aguilera

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:65

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2013 13:261

  11. The Tat pathway transports folded proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria and the thylakoid membrane of plants. In Eschericha coli, Tat transport requires the integral membrane proteins TatA, TatB an...

    Authors: Matthew G Hicks, David Guymer, Grant Buchanan, David A Widdick, Isabelle Caldelari, Ben C Berks and Tracy Palmer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:64

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Enterococci have become major nosocomial pathogens due to their intrinsic and acquired resistance to a broad spectrum of antibiotics. Their increasing drug resistance prompts us to search for prominent antigen...

    Authors: Carolyn T Hsu, Amanda L Ganong, Barbara Reinap, Zafiria Mourelatos, Johannes Huebner and Julia Y Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:62

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Phagocytosis assays are traditionally performed in vitro using polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) isolated from peripheral blood or the peritoneum and heat-killed, pre-opsonized organisms. These assays may not a...

    Authors: Elizabeth A Vander Top, Greg A Perry and Martha J Gentry-Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:61

    Content type: Methodology article

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  14. Biofilm formation in E. faecalis is presumed to play an important role in a number of enterococcal infections. We have previously identified a genetic locus provisionally named bop that is involved in maltose met...

    Authors: Roberta Creti, Stefanie Koch, Francesca Fabretti, Lucilla Baldassarri and Johannes Huebner

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:60

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Synthesis of cationic hydrous thorium dioxide colloids (ca. 1.0 to 1.7 nm) has been originally described by Müller [22] and Groot [11] and these have been used by Groot to stain acidic glucosaminoglycans for ultr...

    Authors: Heinrich Lünsdorf, Ingeborg Kristen and Elke Barth

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:59

    Content type: Methodology article

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  16. Enterobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen that has been associated with sporadic cases and outbreaks causing meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis especially in neonates. However, up to now l...

    Authors: Jean-Philippe Mange, Roger Stephan, Nicole Borel, Peter Wild, Kwang Sik Kim, Andreas Pospischil and Angelika Lehner

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:58

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Recently, a propanol-based hand rub has been described to exceed the efficacy requirements of the European standard EN 12791 in only 1.5 min significantly. But the effect of a 1 min preceding hand wash and the...

    Authors: Nils-Olaf Hübner, Günter Kampf, Philipp Kamp, Thomas Kohlmann and Axel Kramer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:57

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Wangiella dermatitidis is a human pathogenic fungus that is an etiologic agent of phaeohyphomycosis. W. dermatitidis produces a black pigment that has been identified as a dihydroxynaphthalene melanin and the pro...

    Authors: William F Paolo Jr, Ekaterina Dadachova, Piyali Mandal, Arturo Casadevall, Paul J Szaniszlo and Joshua D Nosanchuk

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:55

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The β-proteobacterial species Comamonas testosteroni is capable of biotransformation and also biodegradation of a range of chemical compounds and thus potentially useful in chemical manufacturing and bioremediati...

    Authors: Stephan Bathe and Martina Hausner

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:54

    Content type: Methodology article

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  20. Bacterial populations contain persisters, phenotypic variants that constitute approximately 1% of cells in stationary phase and biofilm cultures. Multidrug tolerance of persisters is largely responsible for th...

    Authors: Devang Shah, Zhigang Zhang, Arkady B Khodursky, Niilo Kaldalu, Kristi Kurg and Kim Lewis

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:53

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Leptospira interrogans is an important mammalian pathogen. Transmission from an environmental source requires adaptation to a range of new environmental conditions in the organs and tissues of the infected host. ...

    Authors: Jin-Hong Qin, Yue-Ying Sheng, Zhi-Ming Zhang, Yao-Zhou Shi, Ping He, Bao-Yu Hu, Yang Yang, Shi-Gui Liu, Guo-Ping Zhao and Xiao-Kui Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:51

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Clostridium perfringens type A food poisoning is caused by enterotoxigenic C. perfringens type A isolates that typically possess high spore heat-resistance. The molecular basis for C. perfringens spore heat-resis...

    Authors: Deepa Raju, Michael Waters, Peter Setlow and Mahfuzur R Sarker

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:50

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The lack of detailed understanding of the mechanism of action of many biowarfare agents poses an immediate challenge to biodefense efforts. Many potential bioweapons have been shown to affect the cellular path...

    Authors: Brandon W Higgs, John Dileo, Wenling E Chang, Haley B Smith, Olivia J Peters, Rasha Hammamieh, Marti Jett and Jordan C Feidler

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:48

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Clostridium perfringens, a serious pathogen, causes enteric diseases in domestic animals and food poisoning in humans. The epidemiological relationship between C. perfringens isolates from the same source has pre...

    Authors: Anders Johansson, Anna Aspan, Elisabeth Bagge, Viveca Båverud, Björn E Engström and Karl-Erik Johansson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:47

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) is the causative agent of the human disease melioidosis. To understand the evolutionary mechanisms contributing to Bp virulence, we performed a comparati...

    Authors: Yiting Yu, H Stanley Kim, Hui Hoon Chua, Chi Ho Lin, Siew Hoon Sim, Daoxun Lin, Alan Derr, Reinhard Engels, David DeShazer, Bruce Birren, William C Nierman and Patrick Tan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:46

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Giardia intestinalis is a parasitic protozoan and major cause of diarrhoeal disease. Disease transmission is dependent on the ability of the parasite to differentiate back and forth between an intestine-colonisin...

    Authors: Siân SE Cox, Mark van der Giezen, Sarah J Tarr, Mark R Crompton and Jorge Tovar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:45

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The multilocus variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) technique has been developed for fine typing of many bacterial species. The genomic sequences of Neisseria meningitidis strains Z2491, MC58 and ...

    Authors: Jui-Cheng Liao, Chun-Chin Li and Chien-Shun Chiou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:44

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Actinomyces naeslundii genospecies 1 and 2 express type-2 fimbriae (FimA subunit polymers) with variant Galβ binding specificities and Actinomyces odontolyticus a sialic acid specificity to colonize different ora...

    Authors: Mirva Drobni, Kristina Hallberg, Ulla Öhman, Anna Birve, Karina Persson, Ingegerd Johansson and Nicklas Strömberg

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:43

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis due to Acanthamoeba is often a fatal human disease. However, the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of Acanthamoeba encephalitis remain unclear. In this study, the role of extrace...

    Authors: James Sissons, Selwa Alsam, Graham Goldsworthy, Mary Lightfoot, Edward L Jarroll and Naveed Ahmed Khan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:42

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Most of the studies evaluating the secular trends of blood isolates come from tertiary hospitals in urban areas. We sought to study the trends of the antimicrobial resistance of blood isolates in patients from...

    Authors: Matthew E Falagas, Alexandra Bakossi, Vasilis D Pappas, Pierros V Holevas, Antonis Bouras and Eleni Stamata

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:41

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Restriction/modification systems provide the dual function of protecting host DNA against restriction by methylation of appropriate bases within their recognition sequences, and restriction of foreign invading...

    Authors: Jonathan O'Driscoll, Daniel F Heiter, Geoffrey G Wilson, Gerald F Fitzgerald, Richard Roberts and Douwe van Sinderen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:40

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Inserting transgenes into bacterial chromosomes is generally quite involved, requiring a selection for cells carrying the insertion, usually for drug-resistance, or multiple cumbersome manipulations, or both. ...

    Authors: Gregory J McKenzie and Nancy L Craig

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:39

    Content type: Methodology article

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  33. Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, has a wide host range. Few epidemiological tools are available, and they are often expensive or not easily standardized across laboratories. In this work, C. bur...

    Authors: Nathalie Arricau-Bouvery, Yolande Hauck, Awatef Bejaoui, Dimitrios Frangoulidis, Christelle C Bodier, Armel Souriau, Hermann Meyer, Heinrich Neubauer, Annie Rodolakis and Gilles Vergnaud

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:38

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Streptococcus mutans produces bacteriocins named mutacins. Studies of mutacins have always been hampered by the difficulties in obtaining active liquid preparations of these substances. Some of them were found to...

    Authors: Guillaume Nicolas, Hélène Morency, Gisèle LaPointe and Marc C Lavoie

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:36

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The establishment of the cellular localization of proteins in M. tuberculosis will provide of valuable information for the identification of new drug/vaccine/diagnostic targets. Cytolocalization by inmunofluoresc...

    Authors: Mena Cimino, Lorenzo Alamo and Leiria Salazar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:35

    Content type: Methodology article

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  36. Bacillus anthracis is considered to be a recently emerged clone within the Bacillus cereus sensu lato group. The B. anthracis genome sequence contains four putative lambdoid prophages. We undertook this study in ...

    Authors: Shanmuga Sozhamannan, Michael D Chute, Farrell D McAfee, Derrick E Fouts, Arya Akmal, Darrell R Galloway, Alfred Mateczun, Leslie W Baillie and Timothy D Read

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:34

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The genome of Bacillus anthracis, the etiological agent of anthrax, is highly monomorphic which makes differentiation between strains difficult. A Multiple Locus Variable-number tandem repeats (VNTR) Analysis (ML...

    Authors: Florigio Lista, Giovanni Faggioni, Samina Valjevac, Andrea Ciammaruconi, Josée Vaissaire, Claudine le Doujet, Olivier Gorgé, Riccardo De Santis, Alessandra Carattoli, Alessandra Ciervo, Antonio Fasanella, Francesco Orsini, Raffaele D'Amelio, Christine Pourcel, Antonio Cassone and Gilles Vergnaud

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:33

    Content type: Methodology article

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  38. Campylobacter jejuni is the predominant cause of antecedent infection in post-infectious neuropathies such as the Guillain-Barré (GBS) and Miller Fisher syndromes (MFS). GBS and MFS are probably induced by molecu...

    Authors: Peggy CR Godschalk, Mathijs P Bergman, Raymond FJ Gorkink, Guus Simons, Nicole van den Braak, Albert J Lastovica, Hubert P Endtz, Henri A Verbrugh and Alex van Belkum

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:32

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Transcriptional regulation processes are the principal mechanisms of adaptation in prokaryotes. In these processes, the regulatory proteins and the regulatory DNA signals located in extragenic regions are the ...

    Authors: Eduardo Pareja, Pablo Pareja-Tobes, Marina Manrique, Eduardo Pareja-Tobes, Javier Bonal and Raquel Tobes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:29

    Content type: Database

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  40. Enterobacter sakazakii is an emergent pathogen associated with ingestion of infant formula and accurate identification is important in both industrial and clinical settings. Bacterial species can be difficult to ...

    Authors: Carol Iversen, Lee Lancashire, Michael Waddington, Stephen Forsythe and Graham Ball

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:28

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The Salmonella enterica BarA-SirA, the Erwinia carotovora ExpS-ExpA, the Vibrio cholerae BarA-VarA and the Pseudomonas spp GacS-GacA all belong to the same orthologous family of two-component systems as the Esche...

    Authors: Henrik Tomenius, Anna-Karin Pernestig, Kristina Jonas, Dimitris Georgellis, Roland Möllby, Staffan Normark and Öjar Melefors

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:27

    Content type: Research article

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