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  1. Highly pathogenic mycobacteria like Mycobacterium tuberculosis are characterised by their slow growth and their ability to reside and multiply in the very hostile phagosomal environment and a correlation between ...

    Authors: Soroush Sharbati, Kira Schramm, Sonja Rempel, Hwa Wang, Ronny Andrich, Verena Tykiel, Ralph Kunisch and Astrid Lewin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is an attaching and effacing (A/E) pathogen that possesses a type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded within the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE). The LEE is essential...

    Authors: Luminita Badea, Scott A Beatson, Maria Kaparakis, Richard L Ferrero and Elizabeth L Hartland

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Microorganisms are a large and diverse form of life. Many of them live in association with large multicellular organisms, developing symbiotic relations with the host and some have even evolved to form obligat...

    Authors: Danival J de Souza, Annie Bézier, Delphine Depoix, Jean-Michel Drezen and Alain Lenoir

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Campylobacter jejuni, the commonest cause of bacterial diarrhoea worldwide, can also induce colonic inflammation. To understand how a previously identified heat stable component contributes to pro-inflammatory re...

    Authors: Kenneth H Mellits, Ian F Connerton, Michael F Loughlin, Peter Clarke, Julie Smith, Eleanor Dillon, Phillippa L Connerton, Francis Mulholland and Christopher J Hawkey

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The widespread problem of antibiotic resistance in pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus has prompted the search for new antimicrobial approaches. In this study we report for the first time the use of a light-a...

    Authors: Parjam S Zolfaghari, Samantha Packer, Mervyn Singer, Sean P Nair, Jon Bennett, Cale Street and Michael Wilson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:27

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Dispersal from Candida albicans biofilms that colonize catheters is implicated as a primary factor in the link between contaminated catheters and life threatening blood stream infections (BSI). Appropriate in vit...

    Authors: Adnane Sellam, Thamir Al-Niemi, Kathleen McInnerney, Susan Brumfield, Andre Nantel and Peter A Suci

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:25

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cronobacter is a recently proposed genus consisting of six genomospecies that encompass the organisms previously identified as Enterobacter sakazakii. Cronobacter are opportunistic pathogens and are known to caus...

    Authors: Walid M El-Sharoud, Stephen O'Brien, Carmen Negredo, Carol Iversen, Séamus Fanning and Brendan Healy

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important cause of nosocomial infection and may lead to septicemia and death. We evaluated the immunogenicity of semi-purified exotoxin A from the bacterium in a mouse burn model.

    Authors: Ali Manafi, Jamshid Kohanteb, Davood Mehrabani, Aziz Japoni, Masoud Amini, Mohsen Naghmachi, Ahmad Hosseinzadeh Zaghi and Nazanin Khalili

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The natural habitat of Staphylococcus aureus is the moist squamous epithelium in the anterior nares. About 20% of the human population carry S. aureus permanently in their noses and another 60% of individuals are...

    Authors: Rebecca M Corrigan, Helen Miajlovic and Timothy J Foster

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Laribacter hongkongensis is a newly discovered, facultative anaerobic, Gram-negative, motile, sea gull-shaped rod associated with freshwater fish borne gastroenteritis and traveler's diarrhea. A highly reprodu...

    Authors: Patrick CY Woo, Jade LL Teng, Alan KL Tsang, Herman Tse, Vivien YM Tsang, King-Man Chan, Edwin KY Lee, Jim KH Chan, Shirley SL Ma, Dorothy MW Tam, Liliane MW Chung, Susanna KP Lau and Kwok-Yung Yuen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Enterococcus faecium has globally emerged as a cause of hospital-acquired infections with high colonization rates in hospitalized patients. The enterococcal surface protein Esp, identified as a potential virulenc...

    Authors: Esther Heikens, Masja Leendertse, Lucas M Wijnands, Miranda van Luit-Asbroek, Marc JM Bonten, Tom van der Poll and Rob JL Willems

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Porphyromonas gingivalis in subgingival dental plaque, as part of a mature biofilm, has been strongly implicated in the onset and progression of chronic periodontitis. In this study using DNA microarray we compar...

    Authors: Alvin W Lo, Christine A Seers, John D Boyce, Stuart G Dashper, Nada Slakeski, J Patricia Lissel and Eric C Reynolds

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Soil bacteria collectively known as Rhizobium, characterized by their ability to establish beneficial symbiosis with legumes, share several common characteristics with pathogenic bacteria when infecting the host ...

    Authors: Pieter van Dillewijn, Juan Sanjuán, José Olivares and María José Soto

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Euglenozoa is a large group of eukaryotic flagellates with diverse modes of nutrition. The group consists of three main subclades – euglenids, kinetoplastids and diplonemids – that have been confirmed with...

    Authors: Naoji Yubuki, Virginia P Edgcomb, Joan M Bernhard and Brian S Leander

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  15. C-1027, produced by Streptomyces globisporus C-1027, is one of the most potent antitumoral agents. The biosynthetic gene cluster of C-1027, previously cloned and sequenced, contains at least three putative regula...

    Authors: Lifei Wang, Yunfeng Hu, Yanjuan Zhang, Songmei Wang, Zhihui Cui, Yi Bao, Wei Jiang and Bin Hong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The antibacterial activity of bacteriophages has been described rather well. However, knowledge about the direct interactions of bacteriophages with mammalian organisms and their other, i.e. non-antibacterial,...

    Authors: Krystyna Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Skaradziński, Paulina Jończyk, Aneta Kurzępa, Joanna Wietrzyk, Barbara Owczarek, Maciej Żaczek, Kinga Świtała-Jeleń, Janusz Boratyński, Gryzelda Poźniak, Magdalena Maciejewska and Andrzej Górski

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Citrus canker is a disease caused by the phytopathogens Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri, Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. aurantifolli and Xanthomonas alfalfae subsp. citrumelonis. The first of the three species, which ...

    Authors: Marcelo L Laia, Leandro M Moreira, Juliana Dezajacomo, Joice B Brigati, Cristiano B Ferreira, Maria IT Ferro, Ana CR Silva, Jesus A Ferro and Julio CF Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Prevotella intermedia (P. intermedia), a gram-negative, black-pigmented anaerobic rod, has been implicated in the development of chronic oral infection. P. intermedia strain 17 was isolated from a chronic periodo...

    Authors: Takeshi Yamanaka, Tomoyo Furukawa, Chiho Matsumoto-Mashimo, Kazuyoshi Yamane, Chieko Sugimori, Takayuki Nambu, Naoki Mori, Hiroyuki Nishikawa, Clay B Walker, Kai-Poon Leung and Hisanori Fukushima

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Rifampin is a first line antituberculosis drug active against bacilli in logarithmic and stationary phase, which interferes with RNA synthesis by binding to bacterial RNA polymerase. Tubercle bacilli achieve r...

    Authors: Anna Zaczek, Anna Brzostek, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopec, Zofia Zwolska and Jaroslaw Dziadek

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:10

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Single genome-wide screens for the effect of altered gene dosage on drug sensitivity in the model organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae provide only a partial picture of the mechanism of action of a drug.

    Authors: Danielle Kemmer, Lianne M McHardy, Shawn Hoon, Delphine Rebérioux, Guri Giaever, Corey Nislow, Calvin D Roskelley and Michel Roberge

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 is a plant-associated bacterium that inhabits the rhizosphere of a wide variety of plant species and and produces secondary metabolites suppressive of fungal and oomycete plant pathog...

    Authors: Dmitri V Mavrodi, Joyce E Loper, Ian T Paulsen and Linda S Thomashow

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:8

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Neisseria meningitidis, the causative agent of meningococcal disease, is exposed to high levels of reactive oxygen species inside its exclusive human host. The DNA glycosylase Fpg of the base excision repair path...

    Authors: Katrina L Tibballs, Ole Herman Ambur, Kristian Alfsnes, Håvard Homberset, Stephan A Frye, Tonje Davidsen and Tone Tønjum

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:7

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Genotyping of epidemic Clostridium difficile strains is necessary to track their emergence and spread. Portability of genotyping data is desirable to facilitate inter-laboratory comparisons and epidemiological st...

    Authors: N Henning Zaiß, Maja Rupnik, Ed J Kuijper, Celine Harmanus, Dolf Michielsen, Koen Janssens and Ulrich Nübel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The phylum Verrucomicrobia is a divergent phylum within domain Bacteria including members of the microbial communities of soil and fresh and marine waters; recently extremely acidophilic members from hot springs ...

    Authors: Kuo-Chang Lee, Richard I Webb, Peter H Janssen, Parveen Sangwan, Tony Romeo, James T Staley and John A Fuerst

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Arsenic is known as a toxic metalloid, which primarily exists in inorganic form [As(III) and As(V)] and can be transformed by microbial redox processes in the natural environment. As(III) is much more toxic an...

    Authors: Lin Cai, Guanghui Liu, Christopher Rensing and Gejiao Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:4

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (Typhimurium) is an important pathogen that infects a broad range of hosts. In humans, Typhimurium causes a gastroenteritis characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, and abdomin...

    Authors: Yakhya Dieye, Keith Ameiss, Melha Mellata and Roy Curtiss III

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:3

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The chlamydiae alter many aspects of host cell biology, including the division process, but the molecular biology of these alterations remains poorly characterized. Chlamydial inclusion membrane proteins (Incs...

    Authors: Damir T Alzhanov, Sara K Weeks, Jeffrey R Burnett and Daniel D Rockey

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Medium density DNA microchips that carry a collection of probes for a broad spectrum of pathogens, have the potential to be powerful tools for simultaneous species identification, detection of virulence factor...

    Authors: Maria Palka-Santini, Berit E Cleven, Ludwig Eichinger, Martin Krönke and Oleg Krut

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:1

    Content type: Methodology article

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  29. The worldwide outbreak of influenza A (H5N1) viruses among poultry species and humans highlighted the need to develop efficacious and safe vaccines based on efficient and scaleable production.

    Authors: Fang He, YuenFern Ho, Li Yu and Jimmy Kwang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:238

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Composting is one of the methods utilised in recycling organic communal waste. The composting process is dependent on aerobic microbial activity and proceeds through a succession of different phases each domin...

    Authors: Jenni Hultman, Jarmo Ritari, Martin Romantschuk, Lars Paulin and Petri Auvinen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:237

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A biofilm is a complex community of microorganisms that develop on surfaces in diverse environments. The thickness of the biofilm plays a crucial role in the physiology of the immobilized bacteria. The most ca...

    Authors: Moshe Shemesh, Avshalom Tam, Miriam Kott-Gutkowski, Mark Feldman and Doron Steinberg

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:236

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Entamoeba histolytica is a professional phagocytic cell where the vacuolar ATPase plays a key role. This enzyme is a multisubunit complex that regulates pH in many subcellular compartments, even in those that are...

    Authors: Mayra Gisela Meléndez-Hernández, María Luisa Labra Barrios, Esther Orozco and Juan Pedro Luna-Arias

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:235

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Three phenotypic identification systems (MicroScan, VITEK 2, and Crystal GP) were evaluated for their accuracy to identify coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). A total of 120 clinical isolates confirmed to ...

    Authors: Miyoung Kim, Se Ran Heo, Soon Hee Choi, Hyelin Kwon, Jeong Su Park, Moon-Woo Seong, Do-Hoon Lee, Kyoung Un Park, Junghan Song and Eui-Chong Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:233

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Gut bifidobacteria are believed to influence immune-related diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the possible relationships between the gut bifidobacteria composition and coeliac disease (CD) in...

    Authors: Maria Carmen Collado, Ester Donat, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx, Miguel Calabuig and Yolanda Sanz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:232

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Endophytic fungi are known plant symbionts. They produce a variety of beneficial metabolites for plant growth and survival, as well as defend their hosts from attack of certain pathogens. Coastal dunes are nut...

    Authors: Sumera Afzal Khan, Muhammad Hamayun, Hyeokjun Yoon, Ho-Youn Kim, Seok-Jong Suh, Seon-Kap Hwang, Jong-Myeong Kim, In-Jung Lee, Yeon-Sik Choo, Ung-Han Yoon, Won-Sik Kong, Byung-Moo Lee and Jong-Guk Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:231

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Phosphorus is an essential macronutrient for the growth of plants. However, in most soils a large portion of phosphorus becomes insoluble and therefore, unavailable to plants. Knowledge on biodiversity of phos...

    Authors: Popavath Ravindra Naik, Gurusamy Raman, Kannan Badri Narayanan and Natarajan Sakthivel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:230

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is an important host defence protein against opportunistic fungal pathogens. This carbohydrate-binding protein, an opsonin and lectin pathway activator, binds through multiple lect...

    Authors: Eveline C van Asbeck, Andy IM Hoepelman, Jelle Scharringa, Bjorn L Herpers and Jan Verhoef

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:229

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Salmonella enterica is a facultative intracellular pathogen of worldwide importance. Over 2,500 serovars exist and infections in humans and animals may produce a spectrum of symptoms from enteritis to typhoid dep...

    Authors: Debra J Clayton, Alison J Bowen, Scott D Hulme, Anthony M Buckley, Victoria L Deacon, Nicholas R Thomson, Paul A Barrow, Eirwen Morgan, Michael A Jones, Michael Watson and Mark P Stevens

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:228

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The presence of prophages has been an important variable in genetic exchange and divergence in most bacteria. This study reports the determination of the genomic sequence of Salmonella phage ε34, a temperate bact...

    Authors: Robert Villafane, Milka Zayas, Eddie B Gilcrease, Andrew M Kropinski and Sherwood R Casjens

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:227

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Iron is recognized as an important trace element, essential for most organisms including pathogenic bacteria. HugZ, a protein related to heme iron utilization, is involved in bacterial acquisition of iron from...

    Authors: Ying Guo, Gang Guo, Xuhu Mao, Weijun Zhang, Jie Xiao, Wende Tong, Tao Liu, Bin Xiao, Xiaofei Liu, Youjun Feng and Quanming Zou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:226

    Content type: Research article

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  41. C. glutamicum has traditionally been grown in neutral-pH media for amino acid production, but in a previous article we reported that this microorganism is a moderate alkaliphile since it grows optimally at pH 7.0...

    Authors: Mónica Barriuso-Iglesias, Daniela Schluesener, Carlos Barreiro, Ansgar Poetsch and Juan F Martín

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:225

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Bacteria of the genus Brucella are the causative organisms of brucellosis in animals and man. Previous characterisation of Brucella strains originating from marine mammals showed them to be distinct from the terr...

    Authors: Claire E Dawson, Emma J Stubberfield, Lorraine L Perrett, Amanda C King, Adrian M Whatmore, John B Bashiruddin, Judy A Stack and Alastair P MacMillan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:224

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The usefulness of available vaccine and serological tests for leptospirosis is limited by the low cross-reactivity of antigens from numerous serovars of pathogenic Leptospira spp. Identification of genus-specific...

    Authors: Haiyan Dong, Ye Hu, Feng Xue, Dexter Sun, David M Ojcius, Yafei Mao and Jie Yan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:223

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen that forms biofilms. The global regulator sarA is essential for biofilm formation. Since the modulator of sarA (msa) is required for full expression of sarA and regu...

    Authors: Karthik Sambanthamoorthy, Antony Schwartz, Vijayaraj Nagarajan and Mohamed O Elasri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:221

    Content type: Research article

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