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  1. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium cellulovorans is a mesophilic, cellulosome-producing bacterium containing 57 genomic cellulosomal enzyme-encoding genes. In addition to cellulosomal proteins, C. cellulovorans also secretes non-cellul...

    Authors: Shunsuke Aburaya, Wataru Aoki, Kouichi Kuroda, Hiroshi Minakuchi and Mitsuyoshi Ueda

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:118

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) is a well established clone causing significant extraintestinal infections worldwide. However, no studies have been reported the phenotypic and molecular traits of S...

    Authors: Zoya Hojabri, Narges Darabi, Maedeh Arab, Fereshteh Saffari and Omid Pajand

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:117

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Shigella spp., facultative anaerobic bacilli of the family Enterobacteriaceae, are one of the most common causes of diarrheal diseases in human worldwide which have become a significant public health burden. So, ...

    Authors: Yang Wang, Qiuxia Ma, Ruie Hao, Qiuxiang Zhang, Suxia Yao, Jiting Han, Binzhi Ren, Ting Fan, Limin Chen, Xuebin Xu, Shaofu Qiu and Hongxia Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:116

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Although the most widely accepted mechanism of action for polymyxins is related to bacterial lysis via disruption, we hypothesized that this antimicrobial drug class could have other effects on Pseudomonas aerugi...

    Authors: Marlucy Rodrigues Lima, Gabriella Freitas Ferreira, Wallace Ribeiro Nunes Neto, Joveliane de Melo Monteiro, Áquila Rodrigues Costa Santos, Priscila Batista Tavares, Ângelo Márcio Leite Denadai, Maria Rosa Quaresma Bomfim, Vera Lúcia dos Santos, Sirlei Garcia Marques and Andrea de Souza Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:115

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilm producers represent an important etiological agent of many chronic human infections. Antibiotics and host immune responses are largely ineffective agains...

    Authors: Khulood Hamid Dakheel, Raha Abdul Rahim, Vasantha Kumari Neela, Jameel R. Al-Obaidi, Tan Geok Hun, Mohd Noor Mat Isa and Khatijah Yusoff

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:114

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Trichosporon is the dominant genus of epidermal fungi in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and causes local and deep infections. To provide the information needed for the diagnosis and treatment of trichospor...

    Authors: Xiaoping Ma, Yaozhang Jiang, Chengdong Wang, Yu Gu, Sanjie Cao, Xiaobo Huang, Yiping Wen, Qin Zhao, Rui Wu, Xintian Wen, Qigui Yan, Xinfeng Han, Zhicai Zuo, Junliang Deng, Zhihua Ren, Shumin Yu…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:113

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Gut bacteria are an important component of the microbiota ecosystem in humans and other animals, and they play important roles in human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between...

    Authors: Wu Enqi, Zhao Huanhu, Wu Ritu, Xie Dan, Lin Han, Wang Baili, Shen Gangyi and Li Shuchun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:111

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of microbiota composition, persistence, and transmission as well as the overall function of the bacterial community is important and may be linked to honey bee health. This study aimed to investigate...

    Authors: Zuzana Hroncova, Jiri Killer, Josef Hakl, Dalibor Titera and Jaroslav Havlik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:110

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The abuse of antibiotics in animal husbandry imposes a serious threat to both animal health and the environment. As a replacement for antibiotics, probiotic products have been widely used in livestock farming ...

    Authors: Yongjia Peng, Qiumei Shi, Yujie Wang, Fan Zhang, Zhixin Ji and Jin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:109

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Infection with Brucella melitensis (B. melitensis) is one of the most important causes of abortion in goats and sheep, and also causes severe systemic disease in exposed humans. In Ethiopia, based on seroepidemio...

    Authors: Muluken Tekle, Mengistu Legesse, Bedaso Mammo Edao, Gobena Ameni and Gezahegne Mamo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:108

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Riemerella anatipestifer (R. anatipestifer) is one of the most important poultry pathogens worldwide, with associated infections causing significant economic losses. Rifampin Resistance is an important mechanism ...

    Authors: Jiakai Sun, Dekang Zhu, Jinge Xu, Renyong Jia, Shun Chen, Mafeng Liu, Xinxin Zhao, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Shaqiu Zhang, Yunya Liu, Ling Zhang, Yanling Yu, Yu You, Mingshu Wang and Anchun Cheng

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:107

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The introduction of MALDI-TOF MS in the clinical microbiology laboratory has modified the approaches for the identification of fungi. Thanks to this tool, it is possible to identify cryptic species, which poss...

    Authors: Andrés Ceballos-Garzón, Gloria Cortes, Florent Morio, Edna L. Zamora-Cruz, Melva Y. Linares, Beatriz E. Ariza, Sandra L. Valderrama, Javier R. Garzón, Carlos A. Alvarez-Moreno, Patrice Le Pape and Claudia M. Parra-Giraldo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:106

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Over the past few decades, most attention to Chinese Cordyceps-associated endogenous microorganism was focused on the fungal community that creates critical bioactive components. Bacterial community associated...

    Authors: Fei Xia, Xin Zhou, Yan Liu, Yuling Li, Xiaohui Bai and Xuanwei Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:105

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin B1 (VB1) is a crucial dietary nutrient and essential cofactor for several key enzymes in the regulation of cellular and metabolic processes, and more importantly in the activation of immune system. To dat...

    Authors: Ningning Song, Zhaoli Li, Ziyin Cui, Liping Chen, Yingying Cui, Guanghui Dang, Zhe Li, He Li and Siguo Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:104

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Hfq is a widely conserved bacterial RNA-binding protein which generally mediates the global regulatory activities involv ed in physiological process and virulence. The goal of this study was to characterize th...

    Authors: Xuelu Liu, Yuping Yan, Haodi Wu, Changyong Zhou and Xuefeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:103

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The newly created associations of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from Armenian dairy products (yoghurt, sour cream and different varieties of cheese), as well as from the gastrointestinal tract of honeybe...

    Authors: Lusine Matevosyan, Inga Bazukyan and Armen Trchounian

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:102

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial chemotaxis, the ability of motile bacteria to navigate gradients of chemicals, plays key roles in the establishment of various plant-microbe associations, including those that benefit plant growth an...

    Authors: Mustafa Elmas, Vasilios Alexiades, Lindsey O’Neal and Gladys Alexandre

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:101

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Thermotolerance is a highly desirable trait of microbial cell factories and has been the focus of extensive research. Yeast usually tolerate only a narrow temperature range and just two species, Kluyveromyces mar...

    Authors: Mathias Lehnen, Birgitta E. Ebert and Lars M. Blank

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:100

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Consuming red and processed meat has been associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), which is partly attributed to exposure to carcinogens such as heterocyclic amines (HCA) formed during coo...

    Authors: Jianbo Zhang, Christophe Lacroix, Esther Wortmann, Hans-Joachim Ruscheweyh, Shinichi Sunagawa, Shana J. Sturla and Clarissa Schwab

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:99

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Burkholderia pseudomallei is a human pathogen causing severe infections in tropical and subtropical regions and is classified as a bio-threat agent. B. thailandensis strain E264 has been proposed as less pathogen...

    Authors: A. Kovacs-Simon, C. M. Hemsley, A. E. Scott, J. L. Prior and R. W. Titball

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:97

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) with accessory gene regulator (agr) dysfunction occurs in health care settings. This study evaluated the prevalence and the molecular and drug resistance characteristics of S. au...

    Authors: Xin Yang, Fang Dong, Suyun Qian, Lijuan Wang, Yingchao Liu, Kaihu Yao, Wenqi Song, Jinghui Zhen, Wei Zhou, Hong Xu and Hongyan Zheng

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:95

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  22. Content type: Methodology article

    Obtaining sufficient RNA yield and quality for comprehensive transcriptomic studies is cumbersome for clinical samples in which RNA from the pathogen is present in low numbers relative to the nucleic acids fro...

    Authors: Antonio Rodríguez and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:94

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Fast molecular detection methods benefit from ready-to-run lab-on-a-chip molecular assays with minimum preparation time. Detection efficiency of such methods can improve if multiple targets are detected simult...

    Authors: Dammika P. Manage, Jana Lauzon, Lynn M. McMullen and Linda M. Pilarski

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:93

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Cathepsins are a group of endosomal proteases present in many cells including dendritic cells (DCs). The activity of cathepsins is regulated by their endogenous inhibitors – cystatins. Cathepsins are crucial t...

    Authors: Magdalena Bossowska-Nowicka, Matylda B. Mielcarska, Marta Romaniewicz, Monika M. Kaczmarek, Karolina P. Gregorczyk-Zboroch, Justyna Struzik, Marta Grodzik, Małgorzata M. Gieryńska, Felix N. Toka and Lidia Szulc-Dąbrowska

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:92

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Candidatus Berkiella cookevillensis’ and ‘Ca. Berkiella aquae’ have previously been described as intranuclear bacteria of amoebae. Both bacteria were isolated from amoebae and were described as appearing within...

    Authors: Nicholas B. Chamberlain, Yohannes T. Mehari, B. Jason Hayes, Colleen M. Roden, Destaalem T. Kidane, Andrew J. Swehla, Mario A. Lorenzana-DeWitt, Anthony L. Farone, John H. Gunderson, Sharon G. Berk and Mary B. Farone

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:91

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Statistical evaluation of the association between microbial abundance and dietary variables can be done in various ways. Currently, there is no consensus on which methods are to be preferred in which circumsta...

    Authors: Xiang Zhang, Max Nieuwdorp, Albert K. Groen and Aeiko H. Zwinderman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:90

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Nattokinase (NK), which is a member of the subtilisin family, is a potent fibrinolytic enzyme that might be useful for thrombosis therapy. Extensive work has been done to improve its production for the food in...

    Authors: Zhongmei Liu, Wenhui Zheng, Chunlei Ge, Wenjing Cui, Li Zhou and Zhemin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:89

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Lactococcus lactis strain Plasma (LC-Plasma) possesses strong stimulatory activity for plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) via the TLR9-Myd88 pathway. To reveal the effective lactic acid bacteria (LAB) genome str...

    Authors: Akira Horie, Yasuyuki Tomita, Konomi Ohshio, Daisuke Fujiwara and Toshio Fujii

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:88

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Both phylogeny and functional capabilities within the gut microbiota populations are of great importance for influencing host health. As a novel type of resistant starch, transglycosylated starch (TGS) modifie...

    Authors: Barbara U. Metzler-Zebeli, Monica A. Newman, Dietmar Grüll and Qendrim Zebeli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:87

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Anopheles mosquitoes are of great importance to human health. A number of studies have shown that midgut and salivary gland microflora have an impact on malaria parasite burden through colonization mechanisms, in...

    Authors: Abib Berhanu, Adugna Abera, Desalegn Nega, Sindew Mekasha, Surafel Fentaw, Abebe Assefa, Gashaw Gebrewolde, Yonas Wuletaw, Ashenafi Assefa, Sisay Dugassa, Habte Tekie and Geremew Tasew

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:85

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The hydrophobic nature of hydrocarbons make them less bioavailable to microbes, generally leading to low efficiency in biodegradation. Current bioremediation strategies for hydrocarbon contamination, uses indu...

    Authors: Madushika Perera, Dilrukshi Wijayarathna, Sulochana Wijesundera, Manoj Chinthaka, Gamini Seneviratne and Sharmila Jayasena

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:84

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae strains has posed a severe threat to public health in recent years. The mobile elements carrying the New Delhi metallo-β-lactqtamase (NDM) gene have been r...

    Authors: Biao Tang, Jiang Chang, Liujie Cao, Qixia Luo, Hao Xu, Wentao Lyu, Mingrong Qian, Xiaofeng Ji, Qiaoyan Zhang, Xiaodong Xia and Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:82

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Concern exists that frequent use of topically-applied fusidic acid (FA) and chlorhexidine (CHX) for canine pyoderma is driving clinically relevant resistance, despite rare description of FA and CHX genetic res...

    Authors: S-M Frosini, R. Bond, M. Rantala, T. Grönthal, S. C. Rankin, K. O’Shea, D. Timofte, V. Schmidt, J. Lindsay and A. Loeffler

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:81

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The utilization of plant growth-promoting microbes is an environment friendly strategy to counteract stressful condition and encourage plants tolerance. In this regards, the current study was designed to isola...

    Authors: Sang-Mo Kang, Raheem Shahzad, Saqib Bilal, Abdul Latif Khan, Yeon-Gyeong Park, Ko-Eun Lee, Sajjad Asaf, Muhammad Aaqil Khan and In-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:80

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Phosphate is a fundamental nutrient for all creatures. It is thus not surprising that a single bacterium carries different transport systems for this molecule, each usually operating under different environmen...

    Authors: Raffaele Stasi, Henrique Iglesias Neves and Beny Spira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:79

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Pythium insidiosum is a member of the oomycetes class of aquatic fungus-like microorganisms. It can infect humans and animals through skin wounds and the eyes, causing pythiosis, an infectious disease with high m...

    Authors: Kittiya Wittayapipath, Saline Laolit, Chavi Yenjai, Sirinart Chio-Srichan, Maitree Pakarasang, Ratree Tavichakorntrakool and Chularut Prariyachatigul

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:78

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Water quality in the drinking water system (DWS) plays an important role in the general health and performance of broiler chickens. Conditions in the DWS of broilers are ideal for microbial biofilm formation. ...

    Authors: Sharon Maes, Thijs Vackier, Son Nguyen Huu, Marc Heyndrickx, Hans Steenackers, Imca Sampers, Katleen Raes, Alex Verplaetse and Koen De Reu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:77

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Phenotypic fluoroquinolone resistance was first reported in Western Kenya in 2009 and later in Coastal Kenya and Nairobi. Until recently gonococcal fluoroquinolone resistance mechanisms in Kenya had not been e...

    Authors: Mary Wandia Kivata, Margaret Mbuchi, Fredrick Lunyagi Eyase, Wallace Dimbuson Bulimo, Cecilia Katunge Kyanya, Valerie Oundo, Simon Wachira Muriithi, Ben Andagalu, Wilton Mwema Mbinda, Olusegun O. Soge, R. Scott McClelland, Willy Sang and James D. Mancuso

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:76

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The potential of next-generation sequencing (NGS) for hypothesis-free pathogen diagnosis from (poly-)microbially contaminated, formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded tissue samples from patients with invasive funga...

    Authors: Hagen Frickmann, Carsten Künne, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Andreas Podbielski, Jana Normann, Sven Poppert, Mario Looso and Bernd Kreikemeyer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:75

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Subunits of ribosomal RNA genes (rDNAs) characterized by PCR-based protocols have been the proxy for studies in microbial taxonomy, phylogenetics, evolution and ecology. However, relevant factors have shown to...

    Authors: Hellen Ribeiro Martins dos Santos, Caio Suzart Argolo, Ronaldo Costa Argôlo-Filho and Leandro Lopes Loguercio

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:74

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Skin infections, particularly caused by drug-resistant pathogens, represent a clinical challenge due to being a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to examine if low co...

    Authors: Vitalij Novickij, Eglė Lastauskienė, Gediminas Staigvila, Irutė Girkontaitė, Auksė Zinkevičienė, Jurgita Švedienė, Algimantas Paškevičius, Svetlana Markovskaja and Jurij Novickij

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:73

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Aeromonas hydrophila is an opportunistic pathogen of poikilothermic and homoeothermic animals, including humans. In the present study, we described the role of Alanine racemase (alr-2) in the virulence of A. hydr...

    Authors: Dong Liu, Ting Zhang, Yaping Wang, Murtala Muhammad, Wen Xue, Jiansong Ju and Baohua Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:72

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The use of chemical fungicides against fungal pathogens adversely affects soil and plant health thereby resulting in overall environmental hazards. Therefore, biological source for obtaining antifungal agents ...

    Authors: Dibya Jyoti Hazarika, Gunajit Goswami, Trishnamoni Gautom, Assma Parveen, Pompi Das, Madhumita Barooah and Robin Chandra Boro

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:71

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen that causes serious nosocomial infection in intensive care units. In particular, carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) strains have been increasing in the p...

    Authors: Jongsoo Jeon, Jong-Hwan Park and Dongeun Yong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:70

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The opportunistic pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is well known for its environmental and metabolic versatility, yet many of the functions of its gene-products remain to be fully elucidated. This study’s objecti...

    Authors: Bradley W. Wright, Karthik S. Kamath, Christoph Krisp and Mark P. Molloy

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:69

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