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  1. Gastrodia elata is a widely distributed achlorophyllous orchid and is highly valued as both medicine and food. Gastrodia elata produces dust-like seeds and relies on mycorrhizal fungi for its germination and grow...

    Authors: Lin Chen, Yu-Chuan Wang, Li-Yuan Qin, Hai-Yan He, Xian-Lun Yu, Ming-Zhi Yang and Han-Bo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:158

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Staphylococcus epidermidis has emerged as an often encountered pathogen responsible for hospital-acquired infections. The aim of present study is to investigate the microbiological characteristic of S. epidermidi...

    Authors: Yinjuan Guo, Yu Ding, Li Liu, Xiaofei Shen, Zhihao Hao, Jingjing Duan, Ye Jin, Zengqiang Chen and Fangyou Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:157

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Enterococcus species continues to be an important cause of hospital-acquired infection worldwide. This study was designed to determine the antibiotic resistance profiles, virulence genes and molecular characte...

    Authors: Azin Sattari-Maraji, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Narges Node Farahani, Reza Beigverdi and Mohammad Emaneini

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is produced by microorganisms and plants via either tryptophan-dependent or tryptophan-independent pathways. Herein, we investigated the optimisation of IAA production by Streptomyces f...

    Authors: Ei Mon Myo, Beibei Ge, Jinjin Ma, Hailan Cui, Binghua Liu, Liming Shi, Mingguo Jiang and Kecheng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:155

    Content type: Research article

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  5. We used genetic Multi-Locus VNTR Analysis (MLVA) data gathered from surveillance efforts to better understand the ongoing bovine tuberculosis (bTB) epidemic in Northern Irish cattle herds. We modelled the fact...

    Authors: M. G. Milne, J. Graham, A. Allen, C. McCormick, E. Presho, R. Skuce and A. W. Byrne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:154

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Staphylococcus aureus remains a medical challenge in the treatment of bacterial infections. It has acquired resistance to commonly used antibiotics, and to those considered to be the last weapons in treating stap...

    Authors: Ghazal Tajbakhsh and Dasantila Golemi-Kotra

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  7. H. pylori exhibits antibiotic resistance with regional differences. In this paper, we explored antibiotic resistance of H. pylori to five antibiotics in an area with a high risk of gastric cancer.

    Authors: Dan Wang, Qianqian Guo, Yuan Yuan and Yuehua Gong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:152

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Flavobacterium columnare is the causative agent of columnaris disease that affects cultured freshwater fishes worldwide. F. columnare easily colonizes surfaces by forming biofilm, which helps the pathogen resist ...

    Authors: Wenlong Cai, Leonardo De La Fuente and Covadonga R. Arias

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:151

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance is increasing, and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been identified as a serious threat to human health. The production of β-lactamase is a key mechanism cont...

    Authors: Katherine Young, Ronald E. Painter, Susan L. Raghoobar, Nichelle N. Hairston, Fred Racine, Douglas Wisniewski, Carl J. Balibar, Artjohn Villafania, Rumin Zhang, Daniel F. Sahm, Timothy Blizzard, Nicholas Murgolo, Milton L. Hammond and Mary R. Motyl

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:150

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Adaptability to different environmental conditions is an essential characteristic of pathogenic microorganisms as it facilitates their invasion of host organisms. The most external component of pathogenic yeas...

    Authors: Justyna Karkowska-Kuleta, Dorota Satala, Oliwia Bochenska, Maria Rapala-Kozik and Andrzej Kozik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:149

    Content type: Research article

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  11. UK public health organisations perform routine antimicrobial susceptibility tests (ASTs) to characterise the potential for antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella enterica serovars. Genetic determinants of these r...

    Authors: Nana Mensah, Yue Tang, Shaun Cawthraw, Manal AbuOun, Jackie Fenner, Nicholas R. Thomson, Alison E. Mather and Liljana Petrovska-Holmes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The presence and activity of CRISPR-Cas defense systems is a hallmark of many prokaryotic microorganisms. Here, the distribution of sequences related to the highly iterated palindrome 1 (HIP1) element and the ...

    Authors: Ingeborg Scholz, Steffen C. Lott, Juliane Behler, Katrin Gärtner, Martin Hagemann and Wolfgang R. Hess

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:147

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Enterococcus faecalis is a major clinically relevant nosocomial bacterial pathogen frequently isolated from polymicrobial infections. The biofilm forming ability of E. faecalis attributes a key role in its virule...

    Authors: Karthika Suryaletha, Lekshmi Narendrakumar, Joby John, Megha Periyappilly Radhakrishnan, Sanil George and Sabu Thomas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Fecal samples are currently the most commonly studied proxy for gut microbiota. The gold standard of sample handling and storage for microbiota analysis is maintaining the cold chain during sample transfer and...

    Authors: Shirin Moossavi, Phillip A. Engen, Reza Ghanbari, Stefan J. Green, Ankur Naqib, Faraz Bishehsari, Shahin Merat, Hossein Poustchi, Ali Keshavarzian and Reza Malekzadeh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:145

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Due to the cave oligotrophic environment, this habitat presents a challenge for microorganisms to colonize and thrive. However, it has been well documented that microorganisms play important roles in cave deve...

    Authors: Apirak Wiseschart, Wuttichai Mhuantong, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang, Duriya Chantasingh and Kusol Pootanakit

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:144

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Complete and contiguous genome assemblies greatly improve the quality of subsequent systems-wide functional profiling studies and the ability to gain novel biological insights. While a de novo genome assembly ...

    Authors: Vincent Somerville, Stefanie Lutz, Michael Schmid, Daniel Frei, Aline Moser, Stefan Irmler, Jürg E. Frey and Christian H. Ahrens

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:143

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In nature, microorganisms have to adapt to long-term stressful conditions often with growth limitations. However, little is known about the evolution of the adaptability of new bacteria to such environments. Pseu...

    Authors: Hamouda Elabed, Enrique González-Tortuero, Claudia Ibacache-Quiroga, Amina Bakhrouf, Paul Johnston, Kamel Gaddour, Jesús Blázquez and Alexandro Rodríguez-Rojas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:142

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Persisters are rare phenotypic variants within a bacterial population that are capable of tolerating lethal antibiotic concentrations. Passage through stationary phase is associated with the formation of persi...

    Authors: Sandra J. Aedo, Mehmet A. Orman and Mark P. Brynildsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:140

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The brown planthopper (BPH) is likely the most destructive, piercing and sucking monophagous insect pest of rice that causes substantial economic losses to farmers. Although yeast-like symbionts (YLS) and virus t...

    Authors: Abhishek Ojha and Wenqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Recently, in India, there has been a shift from NDM to OXA48-like carbapenemases. OXA-181 and OXA-232 are the frequently produced variants of OXA48-like carbapenemases. OXA48-like carbapenemases are also known...

    Authors: Chaitra Shankar, Purva Mathur, Manigandan Venkatesan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Shalini Anandan, Surbhi Khurana and Balaji Veeraraghavan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:137

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Candidemia is an emerging hospital-acquired bloodstream infection (BSI). It is common among severely ill and immunocompromised patients. Even following appropriate therapy in candidemia, recent studies reveal ...

    Authors: Mahen Kothalawala, J. A. A. S. Jayaweera, Sinnapoo Arunan and Anuradha Jayathilake

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:136

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In natural environments, bacteria always live in communities with others where their physiological characteristics are influenced by each other. Bacteria can communicate with one another by using autoinducers....

    Authors: Shuxin Zhou, Zixun Yu and Weihua Chu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:135

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen and one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections. Moreover, the species can cause severe infections in cystic fibrosis patients, in burnt victims and caus...

    Authors: Anna Cristhina Carmine de Melo, Amanda da Mata Gomes, Fernando L. Melo, Daniel M. P. Ardisson-Araújo, Agueda Palmira Castagna de Vargas, Valessa Lunkes Ely, Elliot W. Kitajima, Bergmann M. Ribeiro and José Luiz Caldas Wolff

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A major obstacle to industrial-scale astaxanthin production by the yeast Phaffia rhodozyma is the strong inhibitory effect of high glucose concentration on astaxanthin synthesis. We investigated, for the first ti...

    Authors: Lili Miao, Shuang Chi, Mengru Wu, Zhipei Liu and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:133

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Xenorhabdus spp. live in close symbiosis with nematodes of the Steinernema genus. Steinernema nematodes infect an insect larva and release their symbionts into the haemocoel of the insect. Once released into the ...

    Authors: J. Dreyer, M. Rautenbach, E. Booysen, A. D. van Staden, S. M. Deane and L. M. T. Dicks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:132

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The Latin American & Mediterranean (LAM) spoligotype family is one of the most successful genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis worldwide and particularly prevalent in South-America. Within this family, a sublin...

    Authors: Chyntia Carolina Díaz Acosta, Graciela Russomando, Norma Candia, Viviana Ritacco, Sidra E. G. Vasconcellos, Marcia de Berrêdo Pinho Moreira, Nilda J. de Romero, Nora Morcillo, Jacobus Henri De Waard, Harrison Magdinier Gomes and Philip Noel Suffys

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:131

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Treatment with the α-glucosidase inhibitor acarbose increases median lifespan by approximately 20% in male mice and 5% in females. This longevity extension differs from dietary restriction based on a number of fe...

    Authors: Byron J Smith, Richard A Miller, Aaron C Ericsson, David C Harrison, Randy Strong and Thomas M Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:130

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Enteric methane from the ruminant livestock is a significant source in global greenhouse gas emissions, which is mainly generated by the methanogens inhabiting the rumen and cecum. Sika deer (Cervus nippon) not o...

    Authors: Zhipeng Li, Xiaoxu Wang, Ting Zhang, Huazhe Si, Chao Xu, André-Denis G. Wright and Guangyu Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:129

    Content type: Research article

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  29. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are well known as key factors in gene expression regulation in eukaryotes. These proteins associate with mRNAs and other proteins to form mRNP complexes that ultimately determine th...

    Authors: Helisa Helena Wippel, Juliane Soldi Malgarin, Alexandre Haruo Inoue, Felipe da Veiga Leprevost, Paulo Costa Carvalho, Samuel Goldenberg and Lysangela Ronalte Alves

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:128

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Porphyromonas gingivalis is considered a keystone pathogen responsible for chronic periodontitis. Although several virulence factors produced by this bacterium are quite well characterized, very little is known a...

    Authors: Michał Śmiga, Paulina Stępień, Mariusz Olczak and Teresa Olczak

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:127

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is known as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Investigation of the MRSA’s virulence and resistance mechanisms is a continuing concern toward controllin...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Ali, Nurulfiza M. Isa, Faisal M. Abedelrhman, Tahani B. Alyas, Sara E. Mohammed, Abdallah E. Ahmed, Zainab S. A. Ahmed, Nyok-Sean Lau, Mohamed I. Garbi, Abdullah Al-Ashraf Amirul, Almeen O. Seed, Rihab A. Omer and Sofia B. Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:126

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pseudorabies virus (PRV, or suid herpesvirus, SuHV-1), a member of the herpesvirus family, has an extremely broad host range and threatens the pig industry in China. PRV can evade host innate immunity and infe...

    Authors: Yi Fan, Ling Zhu, Xiangang Sun, Wenting Lyu, Lei Xu, Yue Yin, Jun Zhao, Jianbo Huang, Yichao Den, Zhiyi Jiang, Shiyao Xu, Xiyu Mao and Zhiwen Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:125

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Macrolides and lincosamides are two leading types of antibiotics commonly used in therapies. The study examines the differences in resistance to these antibiotics and their molecular bases in S. epidermidis as we...

    Authors: Magdalena Szemraj, Tomasz Czekaj, Jacek Kalisz and Eligia M. Szewczyk

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:124

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Gut microbes have been suggested as the possible targets in the management of allergic diseases. However, the way in which these microbes influence allergic diseases remain unclear. Forty-seven full-term newbo...

    Authors: Xi Shen, Maolin Wang, Xiao Zhang, Miao He, Ming Li, Guo Cheng, Chaomin Wan and Fang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:123

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Acinetobacter baumannii is a cosmopolitan bacterium that is frequently reported from hospitalized patients, especially those patients who admitted in the intensive care unit. Recently, multiplex real-time PCR has...

    Authors: Hossein Goudarzi, Elnaz Sadat Mirsamadi, Zohreh Ghalavand, Mojdeh Hakemi Vala, Hamed Mirjalali and Ali Hashemi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:122

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Bluetongue virus (BTV) causes a disease among wild and domesticated ruminants which is not contagious, but which is transmitted by biting midges of the Culicoides species. BTV can induce an intense cytopathic eff...

    Authors: Junzheng Du, Shandian Gao, Zhancheng Tian, Yanni Guo, Di Kang, Shanshan Xing, Guorui Zhang, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo, Huiyun Chang and Hong Yin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There are numerous advantages offered by street vended foods, but evidence exists that foods exposed for sale on the road side may be contaminated by pathogenic microorganisms. However, information on the bact...

    Authors: Azanaw Amare, Tifito Worku, Birukitait Ashagirie, Marie Adugna, Alem Getaneh and Mulat Dagnew

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:120

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Ready-to-eat (RTE) vegetables have become increasingly popular along with the trend of moving towards a healthy lifestyle. However, RTE vegetables are at a higher risk of containing pathogens, maybe owing to l...

    Authors: Moutong Chen, Yuetao Chen, Qingping Wu, Jumei Zhang, Jianheng Cheng, Fan Li, Haiyan Zeng, Tao Lei, Rui Pang, Qinghua Ye, Jianling Bai, Juan Wang, Xianhu Wei, Youxiong Zhang and Yu Ding

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:119

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Clostridium cellulovorans is a mesophilic, cellulosome-producing bacterium containing 57 genomic cellulosomal enzyme-encoding genes. In addition to cellulosomal proteins, C. cellulovorans also secretes non-cellul...

    Authors: Shunsuke Aburaya, Wataru Aoki, Kouichi Kuroda, Hiroshi Minakuchi and Mitsuyoshi Ueda

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:118

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) is a well established clone causing significant extraintestinal infections worldwide. However, no studies have been reported the phenotypic and molecular traits of S...

    Authors: Zoya Hojabri, Narges Darabi, Maedeh Arab, Fereshteh Saffari and Omid Pajand

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:117

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Shigella spp., facultative anaerobic bacilli of the family Enterobacteriaceae, are one of the most common causes of diarrheal diseases in human worldwide which have become a significant public health burden. So, ...

    Authors: Yang Wang, Qiuxia Ma, Ruie Hao, Qiuxiang Zhang, Suxia Yao, Jiting Han, Binzhi Ren, Ting Fan, Limin Chen, Xuebin Xu, Shaofu Qiu and Hongxia Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:116

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Although the most widely accepted mechanism of action for polymyxins is related to bacterial lysis via disruption, we hypothesized that this antimicrobial drug class could have other effects on Pseudomonas aerugi...

    Authors: Marlucy Rodrigues Lima, Gabriella Freitas Ferreira, Wallace Ribeiro Nunes Neto, Joveliane de Melo Monteiro, Áquila Rodrigues Costa Santos, Priscila Batista Tavares, Ângelo Márcio Leite Denadai, Maria Rosa Quaresma Bomfim, Vera Lúcia dos Santos, Sirlei Garcia Marques and Andrea de Souza Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:115

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilm producers represent an important etiological agent of many chronic human infections. Antibiotics and host immune responses are largely ineffective agains...

    Authors: Khulood Hamid Dakheel, Raha Abdul Rahim, Vasantha Kumari Neela, Jameel R. Al-Obaidi, Tan Geok Hun, Mohd Noor Mat Isa and Khatijah Yusoff

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:114

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Trichosporon is the dominant genus of epidermal fungi in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and causes local and deep infections. To provide the information needed for the diagnosis and treatment of trichospor...

    Authors: Xiaoping Ma, Yaozhang Jiang, Chengdong Wang, Yu Gu, Sanjie Cao, Xiaobo Huang, Yiping Wen, Qin Zhao, Rui Wu, Xintian Wen, Qigui Yan, Xinfeng Han, Zhicai Zuo, Junliang Deng, Zhihua Ren, Shumin Yu…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:113

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Gut bacteria are an important component of the microbiota ecosystem in humans and other animals, and they play important roles in human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between...

    Authors: Wu Enqi, Zhao Huanhu, Wu Ritu, Xie Dan, Lin Han, Wang Baili, Shen Gangyi and Li Shuchun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:111

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Knowledge of microbiota composition, persistence, and transmission as well as the overall function of the bacterial community is important and may be linked to honey bee health. This study aimed to investigate...

    Authors: Zuzana Hroncova, Jiri Killer, Josef Hakl, Dalibor Titera and Jaroslav Havlik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:110

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Infection with Brucella melitensis (B. melitensis) is one of the most important causes of abortion in goats and sheep, and also causes severe systemic disease in exposed humans. In Ethiopia, based on seroepidemio...

    Authors: Muluken Tekle, Mengistu Legesse, Bedaso Mammo Edao, Gobena Ameni and Gezahegne Mamo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:108

    Content type: Research article

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