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  1. Oral lichen planus (OLP), a common clinical oral disease, is associated with an increased risk of malignant transformation. The mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of OLP is unknown. Oral dysbacteriosis is r...

    Authors: Shutong Li, Yangheng Zhang, Zongcheng Yang, Jingyuan Li, Ya Li, Huanjie Li, Wenjuan Li, Jihui Jia, Shaohua Ge and Yundong Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:122

    Content type: Research

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  2. Translation is an important point of regulation in protein synthesis. However, there is a limited number of methods available to measure global translation activity in yeast. Recently, O-propargyl-puromycin (O...

    Authors: Jennifer Staudacher, Corinna Rebnegger and Brigitte Gasser

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:120

    Content type: Methodology article

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  3. Salinization damages the health of soil systems and reduces crop yields. Responses of microbial communities to salinized soils and their functional maintenance under high salt stress are valuable scientific pr...

    Authors: Yi Qiang Li, Ying Hui Chai, Xu Sheng Wang, Li Ying Huang, Xi Ming Luo, Cheng Qiu, Qing Hai Liu and Xiang Yu Guan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research

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  4. Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum species complex is an important soil-borne disease worldwide that affects more than 450 plant species, including peanut, leading to great yield and quality losses. ...

    Authors: Kun Chen, Lihui Wang, Hua Chen, Chong Zhang, Shanshan Wang, Panpan Chu, Shaokang Li, Huiwen Fu, Tao Sun, Menghan Liu, Qiang Yang, Huasong Zou and Weijian Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:118

    Content type: Research article

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  5. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Ngwafu Nancy Ngwasiri, Norbert W. Brattig, Dieudonné Ndjonka, Eva Liebau, Archile Paguem, Dustin Leusder, Manchang Tanyi Kingsley, Albert Eisenbarth, Alfons Renz and Achukwi Mbunkah Daniel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:117

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:5

  6. To tackle the problem of antibiotic resistance, an extensive search for novel antibiotics is one of the top research priorities. Around 60% of the antibiotics used today were obtained from the genus Streptomyces....

    Authors: Nowreen Arefa, Ashish Kumar Sarker and Md. Ajijur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:116

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cultivation is highly challenged by faba bean black root rot disease (Fusarium solani) in high lands of Ethiopia. To ensure sustainable production of faba beans, searching for eco-friend...

    Authors: Alemayehu Dugassa, Tesfaye Alemu and Yitbarek Woldehawariat

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:115

    Content type: Research

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  8. Geographically separated population growth of microbes is a common phenomenon in microbial ecology. Colonies are representative of the morphological characteristics of this structured population growth. Patter...

    Authors: Heng Xue, Masaomi Kurokawa and Bei-Wen Ying

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Emerging evidence implicates the gut microbiome in liver inflammation and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. We aimed to characterize the temporal evolution of gut dysbiosis, in relation to the phenot...

    Authors: J. Behary, A. E. Raposo, N. M. L. Amorim, H. Zheng, L. Gong, E. McGovern, J. Chen, K. Liu, J. Beretov, C. Theocharous, M. T. Jackson, J. Seet-Lee, G. W. McCaughan, E. M. El-Omar and A. Zekry

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Accurate and rapid identification of microorganisms causing periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are necessary for choosing an appropriate antibiotic therapy. Therefore, molecular techniques are suggested fo...

    Authors: Samaneh Bourbour, Mohammad Emaneini, Mahmoud Jabalameli, Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Mohamad Naghi Tahmasebi, Amirheckmat Taghizadeh, Arash Sharafatvaziri, Reza Beigverdi and Fereshteh Jabalameli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Streptococcus suis type 2 (SS2) is an important zoonotic pathogen. We have previously reported the structure of LuxS protein and found that the luxS gene is closely related to biofilm, virulence gene expression a...

    Authors: Jinpeng Li, Yuxin Wang, Yanbin Du, Hui Zhang, Qingying Fan, Liyun Sun, Li Yi, Shaohui Wang and Yang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:111

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Plant defensins are a broadly distributed family of antimicrobial peptides which have been primarily studied for agriculturally relevant antifungal activity. Recent studies have probed defensins against Gram-n...

    Authors: Tessa B. Moyer, Ashleigh L. Purvis, Andrew J. Wommack and Leslie M. Hicks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Fosfomycin has been proven to be a vital choice to treat infection caused by multidrug resistance bacteria, especially carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP). However, fosfomycin resistant cases has be...

    Authors: Haichen Wang, Changhang Min, Jun Li, Ting Yu, Yongmei Hu, Qingya Dou and Mingxiang Zou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the most frequent KPC-producing bacteria. The blaKPC gene is frequently embedded in Tn4401 transposon, and less frequently in non-Tn4401 elements (NTEKPC) variants I-III. The first case o...

    Authors: Aniela Wozniak, Cristian Figueroa, Francisco Moya-Flores, Piero Guggiana, Claudia Castillo, Lina Rivas, José M. Munita and Patricia C. García

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  15. While aging is a potent risk factor of dry eye disease, age-related gut dysbiosis is associated with inflammation and chronic geriatric diseases. Emerging evidence have demonstrated that gut dysbiosis contribu...

    Authors: Chang Ho Yoon, Jin Suk Ryu, Jayoon Moon and Mee Kum Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:106

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The rise of microbial antibiotic resistance is a leading threat to the health of the human population. As such, finding new approaches to tackle these microbes, including development of novel antibiotics is vi...

    Authors: Lucy A. Onime, Linda B. Oyama, Benjamin J. Thomas, Jurnorain Gani, Peter Alexander, Kate E. Waddams, Alan Cookson, Narcis Fernandez-Fuentes, Christopher J. Creevey and Sharon A. Huws

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:105

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Immunosuppression during liver transplantation (LT) enables the prevention and treatment of organ rejection but poses a risk for severe infectious diseases. Immune modulation and antimicrobials affect the plas...

    Authors: Toshihiko Okumura, Kazuhiro Horiba, Hideya Kamei, Suguru Takeuchi, Takako Suzuki, Yuka Torii, Jun-ichi Kawada, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Yasuhiro Ogura, Tomoo Ogi and Yoshinori Ito

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Mycobacterium intracellulare is a representative etiological agent of emerging pulmonary M. avium-intracellulare complex disease in the industrialized countries worldwide. The recent genome sequencing of clinical...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Tateishi, Yuriko Ozeki, Akihito Nishiyama, Mari Miki, Ryoji Maekura, Yukari Fukushima, Chie Nakajima, Yasuhiko Suzuki and Sohkichi Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Continuous cropping obstacles from sweet potatoes are widespread, which seriously reduce the yield and quality, causing certain economic losses. Bacteria of rhizospheric soil are the richest and are associated...

    Authors: Zhiyuan Gao, Yaya Hu, Meikun Han, Junjie Xu, Xue Wang, Lanfu Liu, Zhonghou Tang, Weijing Jiao, Rong Jin, Ming Liu, Zhengjun Guan and Zhimin Ma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:102

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:121

  20. Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) causes Johne’s disease (JD), a chronic enteritis widespread in ruminants, resulting in substantial economic losses, especially to the dairy industry. Understandin...

    Authors: Rachel Hodgeman, Rachel Mann, Keith Savin, Noel Djitro, Simone Rochfort and Brendan Rodoni

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:101

    Content type: Research article

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  21. 16S rRNA gene sequencing is currently the most common way of determining the composition of microbiota. This technique has enabled many new discoveries to be made regarding the relevance of microbiota to the h...

    Authors: M. Singer, R. Koedooder, M. P. Bos, L. Poort, S. Schoenmakers, P. H. M. Savelkoul, J. S. E. Laven, J. D. de Jonge, S. A. Morré and A. E. Budding

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with spirochetes from Leptospira genus. It has been classified into at least 17 pathogenic species, with more than 250 serologic variants. This wide distrib...

    Authors: Joana Dias Ho, Luiz Eduardo Massao Takara, Denize Monaris, Aline Patrícia Gonçalves, Antonio Francisco Souza-Filho, Gisele Oliveira de Souza, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Paulo Lee Ho and Patrícia Antonia Estima Abreu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Bacteriophages play important roles in the evolution of bacteria and in the emergence of new pathogenic strains by mediating the horizontal transfer of virulence genes. Pasteurella multocida is responsible for di...

    Authors: Rezheen F. Abdulrahman and Robert L. Davies

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Azithromycin is commonly prescribed drug for individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), with demonstrated benefits in reducing lung function decline, exacerbation occurrence and improving nutrition. As azithromyci...

    Authors: Nicole Acosta, Christina S. Thornton, Michael G. Surette, Ranjani Somayaji, Laura Rossi, Harvey R. Rabin and Michael D. Parkins

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  25. This study describes the investigation of an outbreak of diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis (HC), and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) at a daycare center in southeastern Brazil, involving fourteen children, six sta...

    Authors: Liliana Cruz Spano, Caroline Gastaldi Guerrieri, Lays Paula Bondi Volpini, Ricardo Pinto Schuenck, Jaqueline Pegoretti Goulart, Elizabeth Boina, Celia Regina Nascimento Recco, Rodrigo Ribeiro-Rodrigues, Luís Fernando dos Santos and Tulio Machado Fumian

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Food-producing animals and their products are considered a source for human acquisition of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria, and poultry are suggested to be a reservoir for Escherichia coli resistant to ext...

    Authors: May Linn Buberg, Solveig Sølverød Mo, Camilla Sekse, Marianne Sunde, Yngvild Wasteson and Ingun Lund Witsø

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Composition and maintenance of the microbiome is vital to gut homeostasis. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the impact of high doses of radiation, which can occur as a result of cancer radiation t...

    Authors: Raj Kalkeri, Kevin Walters, William Van Der Pol, Braden C. McFarland, Nathan Fisher, Fusataka Koide, Casey D. Morrow and Vijay K. Singh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:93

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Acquisition of IncI1 plasmids by members of the Enterobacteriaceae sometimes leads to transfer of antimicrobial resistance and colicinogeny as well as change of phage type in Salmonella Typhimurium. Isolates of S...

    Authors: Lester Hiley, Rikki M. A. Graham and Amy V. Jennison

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:92

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Bacterial communities are responsible for biological nutrient removal and flocculation in engineered systems such as activated floccular sludge. Predators such as bacteriophage and protozoa exert significant p...

    Authors: Siew Herng Chan, Muhammad Hafiz Ismail, Chuan Hao Tan, Scott A. Rice and Diane McDougald

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:91

    Content type: Research article

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  30. High-risk human papilloma virus (hrHPV) is the main causal factor of cervical precancer and cancer when persistent infection is left untreated. Previous studies have confirmed the vaginal microbiota is associa...

    Authors: Zhan Zhang, Ting Li, Dai Zhang, Xiaonan Zong, Huihui Bai, Hui Bi and Zhaohui Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  31. When a virus that has grown in a nonhuman host starts an epidemic in the human population, human cells may not provide growth conditions ideal for the virus. Therefore, the invasion of severe acute respiratory...

    Authors: Yuki Iwasaki, Takashi Abe and Toshimichi Ikemura

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Viruses cause significant economic losses to shrimp aquaculture worldwide. In severe cases, they can lead to 100% mortality within a matter of days, hence the aquaculture industry requires antiviral strategies...

    Authors: Kitti Wuthisathid, Thawatchai Chaijarasphong, Charoonroj Chotwiwatthanakun, Monsicha Somrit, Kallaya Sritunyalucksana and Ornchuma Itsathitphaisarn

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:88

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Minqin is suffering from a serious desertification, whereas the knowledge about its bacterial community is limited. Herein, based on Nitraria tangutorum and Haloxylon ammodendron from Minqin, the bacterial commun...

    Authors: Yali Wei, Fang Wang, Jiangli Gao, Yaolong Huang, Wei Ren and Hongmei Sheng

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:87

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Updating the pathogenesis of catheter-associated bacteriuria (CA-bacteriuria) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is needed to adapt prevention strategies. Our aim was to determine whether the main pathway of CA-...

    Authors: Claire Aumeran, Benoit Mottet-Auselo, Christiane Forestier, Paul-Alain Nana, Claire Hennequin, Frédéric Robin, Bertrand Souweine, Ousmane Traoré and Alexandre Lautrette

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Weaning stress of piglets causes a huge economic loss to the pig industry. Balance and stability of the intestinal microenvironment is an effective way to reduce the occurance of stress during the weaning proc...

    Authors: Jing Liang, Shasha Kou, Cheng Chen, Sayed Haidar Abbas Raza, Sihu Wang, Xi Ma, Wen-Ju Zhang and Cunxi Nie

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The microbiota of the lower respiratory tract in patients with non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) has not been fully evaluated. We explored the role of the lung microbiota in NTM-PD by an...

    Authors: Sung-Yoon Kang, Hyojung Kim, Sungwon Jung, Sang Min Lee and Sang Pyo Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:84

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Glutamate and aspartate are preferred nutrients for a variety of microorganisms. In the case for many Pseudomonas spp., utilization of these amino acids is believed to be dependent on a transporter complex compri...

    Authors: Benjamin R. Lundgren, Joseph M. Shoytush, Ryan A. Scheel, Safreen Sain, Zaara Sarwar and Christopher T. Nomura

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Meat-products are considered an enriched media for mycotoxins. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of toxigenic Aspergillus species in processed meat samples, HPLC-quantitative measurement of aflatoxin...

    Authors: Abdelazeem M. Algammal, Mahmoud E. Elsayed, Hany R. Hashem, Hazem Ramadan, Norhan S. Sheraba, Eman M. El-Diasty, Sarah M. Abbas and Helal F. Hetta

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Hispidin (HIP) and its derivatives, a class of natural fungal metabolites, possess complex chemical structures with extensive pharmacological activities. Phellinus igniarius, the most common source of HIP, can be...

    Authors: Jinjing Guo, Xiaoxi Liu, Yuanjie Li, Hongyan Ji, Cheng Liu, Li Zhou, Yu Huang, Changcai Bai, Zhibo Jiang and Xiuli Wu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The issue of carbapenem resistance in E.coli is very concerning and it is speculated that cumulative effect of both primary resistance genes and secondary resistance genes that act as helper to the primary resist...

    Authors: Somorita Baishya, Chandrayee Deshamukhya, Jayalaxmi Wangkheimayum, Bhaskar Jyoti Das, Anand Anbarasu, Anupam Das Talukdar, Amitabha Bhattacharjee and Manabendra Dutta Choudhury

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease associated with multiple comorbidities and substantially diminishes patients’ quality of life. The gut microbiome has become a hot topic in psoriasis as it has been sh...

    Authors: Xinyue Zhang, Linjing Shi, Ting Sun, Kun Guo and Songmei Geng

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Anthrax and smallpox are high-risk infectious diseases, and considered as potential agents for bioterrorism. To develop an effective countermeasure for these diseases, we constructed a bivalent vaccine against...

    Authors: Deok Bum Park, Bo-Eun Ahn, Hosun Son, Young-Ran Lee, Yu-Ri Kim, Su Kyoung Jo, Jeong-Hoon Chun, Jae-Yon Yu, Myung-Min Choi and Gi-eun Rhie

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the strain Paenibacillus polymyxa HX-140, isolated from the rhizosphere soil of rape, to control Fusarium wilt of cucumber seedlings caused by Fusarium oxyspor...

    Authors: Yang Zhai, Jiu-xiang Zhu, Tai-meng Tan, Jian-ping Xu, Ai-rong Shen, Xie-bin Yang, Ji-lie Li, Liang-bin Zeng and Lin Wei

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Ceftolozane/tazobactam (C/T) is approved in 70 countries, including the United States, for the treatment of patients with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia caused by susceptible G...

    Authors: James A. Karlowsky, Sibylle H. Lob, Katherine Young, Mary R. Motyl and Daniel F. Sahm

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Microbiota has been reported to play a role in cancer patients. Nevertheless, little is known about the association between alcohol consumption and resultant changes in the diversity and composition of oesopha...

    Authors: Wenqing Rao, Zheng Lin, Shuang Liu, Zhihui Zhang, Qianwen Xie, Huilin Chen, Xi Lin, Yuanmei Chen, Huimin Yang, Kaili Yu and Zhijian Hu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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