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  1. Campylobacter jejuni is a gastrointestinal pathogen of humans, but part of the normal flora of poultry, and therefore grows well at the respective body temperatures of 37°C and 42°C. Proteomic studies on temperat...

    Authors: Kimberly M Rathbun, Johanna E Hall and Stuart A Thompson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:160
  2. Mycobacterium avium includes the subspecies avium, silvaticum, paratuberculosis and hominissuis, and M. avium subspecies has been isolated from various environments all over the world including from biofilms in w...

    Authors: Tone Bjordal Johansen, Angelika Agdestein, Ingrid Olsen, Sigrun Fredsvold Nilsen, Gudmund Holstad and Berit Djønne
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:159
  3. The hemibiotrophic fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa is the causal agent of Witches' broom, a disease of Theobroma cacao. The pathogen life cycle ends with the production of basidiocarps in dead tissues of the inf...

    Authors: Acássia BL Pires, Karina P Gramacho, Delmira C Silva, Aristóteles Góes-Neto, Mylene M Silva, Jairo S Muniz-Sobrinho, Ricardo F Porto, Cristiano Villela-Dias, Martin Brendel, Júlio CM Cascardo and Gonçalo AG Pereira
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:158
  4. Streptomyces coelicolor is the most studied Streptomyces species and an excellent model for studying differentiation and antibiotic production. To date, many genes have been identified to be required for its diff...

    Authors: Pengfei Xie, Ana Zeng and Zhongjun Qin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:157
  5. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a capsulated Gram negative bacterial pathogen and a frequent cause of nosocomial infections. Despite its clinical relevance, little is known about the features of the interaction between

    Authors: Victoria Cano, David Moranta, Enrique Llobet-Brossa, José Antonio Bengoechea and Junkal Garmendia
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:156
  6. With the exception of M. tuberculosis, little has been published on the problems of cross-contamination in bacteriology laboratories. We performed a retrospective analysis of subtyping data from the National Salm...

    Authors: Niall De Lappe, Jean O Connor, Geraldine Doran, Genevieve Devane and Martin Cormican
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:155
  7. Functional screens based on dsRNA-mediated gene silencing identified several Anopheles gambiae genes that limit Plasmodium berghei infection. However, some of the genes identified in these screens have no effect ...

    Authors: Giovanna Jaramillo-Gutierrez, Janneth Rodrigues, Georges Ndikuyeze, Michael Povelones, Alvaro Molina-Cruz and Carolina Barillas-Mury
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:154
  8. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) colonizes the ovary and oviduct of chickens without causing overt clinical signs which can lead to SE-contamination of the content and membrane of shell-eggs as well a...

    Authors: Katie L Ebers, C Yan Zhang, M Zhenyu Zhang, R Hartford Bailey and Shuping Zhang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:153
  9. Acquiring a highly stable photonic plasmid in transformed Salmonella Typhimurium for use in biophotonic studies of bacterial tracking in vivo is critical to experimental paradigm development. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Keesla Moulton, Peter Ryan, Donald Lay and Scott Willard
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:152
  10. The development of a new cold-active β-D-galactosidases and microorganisms that efficiently ferment lactose is of high biotechnological interest, particularly for lactose removal in milk and dairy products at ...

    Authors: Piotr Hildebrandt, Marta Wanarska and Józef Kur
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:151
  11. The surface of polymeric tracheotomy tubes is a favourable environment for biofilm formation and therefore represents a potential risk factor for the development of pneumonia after tracheotomy. The aim of this in...

    Authors: Michaela Zumtobel, Ojan Assadian, Matthias Leonhard, Maria Stadler and Berit Schneider
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:150
  12. Methanogenic Archaea play key metabolic roles in anaerobic ecosystems, where they use H2 and other substrates to produce methane. Methanococcus maripaludis is a model for studies of the global response to nutrien...

    Authors: Qiangwei Xia, Tiansong Wang, Erik L Hendrickson, Thomas J Lie, Murray Hackett and John A Leigh
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:149
  13. The Double-Layer Agar (DLA) technique is extensively used in phage research to enumerate and identify phages and to isolate mutants and new phages. Many phages form large and well-defined plaques that are easi...

    Authors: Sílvio B Santos, Carla M Carvalho, Sanna Sillankorva, Ana Nicolau, Eugénio C Ferreira and Joana Azeredo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:148
  14. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) produce attaching/effacing (A/E) lesions on eukaryotic cells mediated by the outer membrane adhesin intimin. EPEC are sub-grouped into typical (tEPEC) and atypical (aEPEC)...

    Authors: Denise Yamamoto, Rodrigo T Hernandes, Miguel Blanco, Lilo Greune, M Alexander Schmidt, Sylvia M Carneiro, Ghizlane Dahbi, Jesús E Blanco, Azucena Mora, Jorge Blanco and Tânia AT Gomes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:146

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2009 9:235

  15. Since 1994, Brucella strains have been isolated from a wide range of marine mammals. They are currently recognized as two new Brucella species, B. pinnipedialis for the pinniped isolates and B. ceti for the cetac...

    Authors: Marianne Maquart, Philippe Le Flèche, Geoffrey Foster, Morten Tryland, Françoise Ramisse, Berit Djønne, Sascha Al Dahouk, Isabelle Jacques, Heinrich Neubauer, Karl Walravens, Jacques Godfroid, Axel Cloeckaert and Gilles Vergnaud
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:145
  16. Bovine tuberculosis (BTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, has remained a major source of concern to public health officials in Zambia. Previous investigations have used traditional epidemiological methods that ar...

    Authors: Musso Munyeme, Leen Rigouts, Isdore Chola Shamputa, John Bwalya Muma, Morten Tryland, Eystein Skjerve and Berit Djønne
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:144
  17. Symbiotic N2 fixation in legumes is constrained by many factors, including the paucity of suitable soil rhizobia To maximise growth of legume species therefore often requires the application of effective rhizo...

    Authors: Amy C Spriggs and Felix D Dakora
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:142
  18. Among the members of the genus Bordetella B. petrii is unique, since it is the only species isolated from the environment, while the pathogenic Bordetellae are obligately associated with host organisms. Another f...

    Authors: Melanie Lechner, Karin Schmitt, Susanne Bauer, David Hot, Christine Hubans, Erwan Levillain, Camille Locht, Yves Lemoine and Roy Gross
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:141
  19. Surface waters quality has declined in developing countries due to rapid industrialization and population growth. The microbiological quality of river Ganga, a life-sustaining surface water resource for large ...

    Authors: Pushpa Lata, Siya Ram, Madhoolika Agrawal and Rishi Shanker
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:140
  20. Mycoplasma genitalium is an emerging sexually transmitted pathogen that has been associated with significant reproductive tract inflammatory syndromes in women. In addition, the strong association between severit...

    Authors: Chris L McGowin, Vsevolod L Popov and Richard B Pyles
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:139
  21. All human pathogenic Yersinia species share a virulence-associated type III secretion system that translocates Yersinia effector proteins into host cells to counteract infection-induced signaling responses and pr...

    Authors: Georgia Vlahou, Oxana Schmidt, Bettina Wagner, Handan Uenlue, Petra Dersch, Francisco Rivero and Barbara A Weissenmayer
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:138
  22. Genes orthologous to the ybaB loci of Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae are widely distributed among eubacteria. Several years ago, the three-dimensional structures of the YbaB orthologs of both E. coli

    Authors: Anne E Cooley, Sean P Riley, Keith Kral, M Clarke Miller, Edward DeMoll, Michael G Fried and Brian Stevenson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:137
  23. Contamination of endoscopy equipment by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) frequently occurs after endoscopic examination of H. pylori-infected patients. In the hospital, manual pre-cleaning and soaking in glutarald...

    Authors: Hung-Chuan Chiu, Tzu-Lung Lin, Jyh-Chin Yang and Jin-Town Wang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:136
  24. The nontoxigenic V. cholerae El Tor strains ferment sorbitol faster than the toxigenic strains, hence fast-fermenting and slow-fermenting strains are defined by sorbitol fermentation test. This test has been used...

    Authors: Ruibai Wang, Hongzhi Zhang, Haiyan Qiu, Shouyi Gao and Biao Kan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:135
  25. The positive antimicrobial effects of increasing concentrations of thiocyanate (SCN-) and H2O2 on the human peroxidase defence system are well known. However, little is known about the quantitative efficacy of th...

    Authors: A Welk, Ch Meller, R Schubert, Ch Schwahn, A Kramer and H Below
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:134
  26. The KdpD/KdpE two-component system of Escherichia coli regulates expression of the kdpFABC operon encoding the high affinity K+ transport system KdpFABC. The input domain of KdpD comprises a domain that belongs t...

    Authors: Ralf Heermann, Marie-Luise Lippert and Kirsten Jung
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:133
  27. Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) strains of serotype O1:K1:H7/NM are frequently implicated in neonatal meningitis, urinary tract infections and septicemia in humans. They are also commonly isol...

    Authors: Azucena Mora, Cecilia López, Ghizlane Dabhi, Miguel Blanco, Jesús E Blanco, María Pilar Alonso, Alexandra Herrera, Rosalía Mamani, Stéphane Bonacorsi, Maryvonne Moulin-Schouleur and Jorge Blanco
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:132
  28. Bacterial genomes are mosaic structures composed of genes present in every strain of the same species (core genome), and genes present in some but not all strains of a species (accessory genome). The aim of th...

    Authors: Magdalena Wiesner, Mussaret B Zaidi, Edmundo Calva, Marcos Fernández-Mora, Juan J Calva and Claudia Silva
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:131
  29. Chlamydiosis and Q fever, two zoonosis, are important causes of ruminants' abortion around the world. They are caused respectively by strictly intracellular and Gram negative bacterium Chlamydophila abortus (Cp. ...

    Authors: Mustapha Berri, Abdessalem Rekiki, Karim Sidi Boumedine and Annie Rodolakis
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:130
  30. Due to the widespread abusage of antibiotics, antibiotic-resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) has been increasing quickly in recent years, and it is obviously urgent to develop new types of anti...

    Authors: Nan Li, Fei Wang, Siqiang Niu, Ju Cao, Kaifeng Wu, Youqiang Li, Nanlin Yin, Xuemei Zhang, Weiliang Zhu and Yibing Yin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:129
  31. The zinc uptake regulator Zur is a Zn2+-sensing metalloregulatory protein involved in the maintenance of bacterial zinc homeostasis. Up to now, regulation of zinc homeostasis by Zur is poorly understood in Y. pes...

    Authors: Yingli Li, Yefeng Qiu, He Gao, Zhaobiao Guo, Yanping Han, Yajun Song, Zongmin Du, Xiaoyi Wang, Dongsheng Zhou and Ruifu Yang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:128
  32. Thiomonas strains are ubiquitous in arsenic-contaminated environments. Differences between Thiomonas strains in the way they have adapted and respond to arsenic have never been studied in detail. For this purpose...

    Authors: Christopher G Bryan, Marie Marchal, Fabienne Battaglia-Brunet, Valérie Kugler, Christelle Lemaitre-Guillier, Didier Lièvremont, Philippe N Bertin and Florence Arsène-Ploetze
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:127
  33. Helicobacter pylori is a major gastric bacterial pathogen. This pathogen has been shown to follow the routes of human migration by their geographical origin and currently the global H. pylori population has been ...

    Authors: Chin Yen Tay, Hazel Mitchell, Quanjiang Dong, Khean-Lee Goh, Ian W Dawes and Ruiting Lan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:126
  34. Variovorax paradoxus is an aerobic soil bacterium frequently associated with important biodegradative processes in nature. Our group has cultivated a mucoid strain of Variovorax paradoxus for study as a model of ...

    Authors: W David Jamieson, Michael J Pehl, Glenn A Gregory and Paul M Orwin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:124
  35. In humans, the intestinal microbiota plays an important role in the maintenance of host health by providing energy, nutrients, and immunological protection. Applying current molecular methods is necessary to s...

    Authors: D Mariat, O Firmesse, F Levenez, VD Guimarăes, H Sokol, J Doré, G Corthier and J-P Furet
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:123
  36. Alpha-isopropylmalate synthase (α-IPMS) is the key enzyme that catalyzes the first committed step in the leucine biosynthetic pathway. The gene encoding α-IPMS in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, leuA, is polymorphic ...

    Authors: Wandee Yindeeyoungyeon, Supaporn Likitvivatanavong and Prasit Palittapongarnpim
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:122
  37. The serine/threonine kinase StkP of Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major virulence factor in the mouse model of infection. StkP is a modular protein with a N-terminal kinase domain a C-terminal PASTA domain carryi...

    Authors: Ricardo Dias, David Félix, Manuela Caniça and Marie-Claude Trombe
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:121
  38. The kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) of trypanosomatids consists of an unusual arrangement of circular molecules catenated into a single network. The diameter of the isolated kDNA network is similar to that of the entir...

    Authors: Danielle Pereira Cavalcanti, Márcia Kiyoe Shimada, Christian Macagnan Probst, Thais Cristina Baeta Soares Souto-Padrón, Wanderley de Souza, Samuel Goldenberg, Stênio Perdigão Fragoso and Maria Cristina Machado Motta
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:120
  39. The original anaerobic unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis pathway proposed by Goldfine and Bloch was based on in vivo labeling studies in Clostridium butyricum ATCC 6015 (now C. beijerinckii) but to date no dedi...

    Authors: Lei Zhu, Juanli Cheng, Biao Luo, Saixiang Feng, Jinshui Lin, Shengbin Wang, John E Cronan and Haihong Wang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:119
  40. Though RpoS is important for survival of pathogenic Escherichia coli in natural environments, polymorphism in the rpoS gene is common. However, the causes of this polymorphism and consequential physiological effe...

    Authors: Tao Dong, Sarah M Chiang, Charlie Joyce, Rosemary Yu and Herb E Schellhorn
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:118
  41. Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) is a prominent cause of diarrhoea, and is characterised in part by its carriage of a pathogenicity island: the locus for enterocyte effacement (LEE). EPEC is divided into two subty...

    Authors: Sharon M Tennant, Marija Tauschek, Kristy Azzopardi, Andrea Bigham, Vicki Bennett-Wood, Elizabeth L Hartland, Weihong Qi, Thomas S Whittam and Roy M Robins-Browne
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:117
  42. Despite their antimicrobial potential, vaginal lactobacilli often fail to retain dominance, resulting in overgrowth of the vagina by other bacteria, as observed with bacterial vaginosis. It remains elusive how...

    Authors: Hans Verstraelen, Rita Verhelst, Geert Claeys, Ellen De Backer, Marleen Temmerman and Mario Vaneechoutte
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:116
  43. The number of scarlet fever occurrences reported between 2000 and 2006 fluctuated considerably in central Taiwan and throughout the nation. Isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes were collected from scarlet fever pat...

    Authors: Chien-Shun Chiou, You-Wun Wang, Pei-Ling Chen, Wan-Ling Wang, Ping-Fuai Wu and Hsiao-Lun Wei
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:115
  44. The Twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system serves to translocate folded proteins, including periplasmic enzymes that bind redox cofactors in bacteria. The Tat system is also a determinant of virulence in som...

    Authors: Lijuan Zhang, Zhaoqin Zhu, Huaiqi Jing, Jingyun Zhang, Yanwen Xiong, Meiying Yan, Shouyi Gao, Long-Fei Wu, Jianguo Xu and Biao Kan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:114
  45. Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen, especially methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), which causes a wide range of hospital and community-acquired infections worldwide. Conventional testing for dete...

    Authors: Hassanain Al-Talib, Chan Yean Yean, Alyaa Al-Khateeb, Habsah Hassan, Kirnpal-Kaur Banga Singh, Karim Al-Jashamy and Manickam Ravichandran
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:113
  46. Secondary metabolism in Serratia sp. ATCC 39006 (Serratia 39006) is controlled via a complex network of regulators, including a LuxIR-type (SmaIR) quorum sensing (QS) system. Here we investigate the molecular mec...

    Authors: Tamzin Gristwood, Peter C Fineran, Lee Everson, Neil R Williamson and George P Salmond
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:112
  47. The expression of Type III secretion system (TTSS) in Shigella is regulated in response to changes in environmental osmolarity and temperature. Temperature-dependent regulation of virF, the master regulator of TT...

    Authors: Jiro Mitobe, Tomoko Morita-Ishihara, Akira Ishihama and Haruo Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:110

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