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  1. Serology is often used for the diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae. It is important to identify specific antigens that can distinguish between the presence or absence of antibodies against M. pneumoniae. The two p...

    Authors: Mette Drasbek, Pernille K Nielsen, Kenneth Persson, Svend Birkelund and Gunna Christiansen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:7
  2. Bacillus subtilis glucokinase (GlcK) (GenBank NP_390365) is an ATP-dependent kinase that phosphorylates glucose to glucose 6-phosphate. The GlcK protein has very low sequence identity (13.7%) to the Escherichia c...

    Authors: Lili R Mesak, Felix M Mesak and Michael K Dahl
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:6
  3. Histology and/or culture are generally considered the gold standard for the detection of H. pylori infection. Especially in children, these tests may result in a false negative outcome because of patchy distribut...

    Authors: Kathleen MB Vinette, Kathleen M Gibney, Roy Proujansky and Paul T Fawcett
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:5
  4. Sucrose density gradient centrifugation and cross-flow filtration methods have been developed and standardised for the safe and reproducible production of inactivated arbovirus antigens which are appropriate f...

    Authors: Alyssa T Pyke, Debra A Phillips, Teck F Chuan and Greg A Smith
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:3
  5. Deinococcus radiodurans R1 is one of the most radiation-resistant organisms known and is able to repair an unusually large amount of DNA damage without induced mutation. Single-stranded DNA-binding (SSB) protein ...

    Authors: Julie Malia Eggington, Nami Haruta, Elizabeth Anne Wood and Michael Matthew Cox
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:2
  6. Anaplasma phagocytophilum strains often vary in Msp2 expression, a situation assumed to be related to immune evasion. However, Msp2 is also an adhesin, and little is known about the role of endogenous msp2 transc...

    Authors: Diana G Scorpio, Karen Caspersen, Hiroyuki Ogata, Jinho Park and J Stephen Dumler
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:1
  7. Viral replication as well as an immunopathological component are assumed to be involved in the development of coxsackie B virus (CBV)-induced myocarditis. We observed that mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active m...

    Authors: Elizaveta Padalko, Erik Verbeken, Patrick Matthys, Joeri L Aerts, Erik De Clercq and Johan Neyts
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:25
  8. The transition metal molybdenum is essential for life. Escherichia coli imports this metal into the cell in the form of molybdate ions, which are taken up via an ABC transport system. In E. coli and other Proteob...

    Authors: David J Studholme and Richard N Pau
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:24
  9. Tandem repeats contained within coding regions can mediate phase variation when the repeated units change the reading frame of the coding sequence in a copy number dependent manner. Coding tandem repeats are t...

    Authors: Philip Jordan, Lori AS Snyder and Nigel J Saunders
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:23
  10. Bacterial mercury resistance is based on enzymatic reduction of ionic mercury to elemental mercury and has recently been demonstrated to be applicable for industrial wastewater clean-up. The long-term monitori...

    Authors: Andreas DM Felske, Wanda Fehr, Björg V Pauling, Harald von Canstein and Irene Wagner-Döbler
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:22
  11. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an increasingly prevalent opportunistic pathogen, utilizes a type III secretion system for injection of toxins into host cells in order to initiate infection. A crucial component of this s...

    Authors: Max Nanao, Sylvie Ricard-Blum, Anne Marie Di Guilmi, David Lemaire, David Lascoux, Jacqueline Chabert, Ina Attree and Andréa Dessen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:21
  12. To date PCR detection of Chlamydia pneumoniae DNA in atherosclerotic lesions from Danish patients has been unsuccessful. To establish whether non-detection was caused by a suboptimal DNA extraction method, we tes...

    Authors: Tina Mygind, Lars Østergaard, Svend Birkelund, Jes S Lindholt and Gunna Christiansen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:19
  13. Bacterial macrofibers twist as they grow, writhe, supercoil and wind up into plectonemic structures (helical forms the individual filaments of which cannot be taken apart without unwinding) that eventually car...

    Authors: Neil H Mendelson, Patrick Shipman, Darshan Roy, Liling Chen and John J Thwaites
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:18
  14. In spite of Argentina having one of the highest frequencies of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS), the incidence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 is low in comparison to rates registered in the US. Isolation of several...

    Authors: Pablo M Molina, Alberto E Parma and Marcelo E Sanz
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:17
  15. It is well known that expression of certain bacterial genes responds rapidly to such stimuli as exposure to toxic chemicals and physical agents. It is generally believed that the proteins encoded in these gene...

    Authors: Yuko Yamaguchi, Toshifumi Tomoyasu, Akiko Takaya, Mizue Morioka and Tomoko Yamamoto
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:16
  16. Currently, there are very few tools available for subtyping Brucella isolates for epidemiological trace-back. Subtyping is difficult because of the genetic homogeneity within the genus. Sequencing of the genomes ...

    Authors: Betsy J Bricker, Darla R Ewalt and Shirley M Halling
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:15
  17. Streptococcus pneumoniae possesses large zinc metalloproteinases on its surface. To analyse the importance in virulence of three of these metalloproteinases, intranasal challenge of MF1 outbred mice was carried o...

    Authors: Damiana Chiavolini, Guido Memmi, Tiziana Maggi, Francesco Iannelli, Gianni Pozzi and Marco R Oggioni
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:14
  18. Mycobacterium avium subspecies avium (M. avium) is frequently encountered in the environment, but also causes infections in animals and immunocompromised patients. In contrast, Mycobacterium avium subspecies para...

    Authors: John P Bannantine, Qing Zhang, Ling-Ling Li and Vivek Kapur
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:10
  19. Actin is required for the gene expression and morphogenesis of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a clinically important Pneumovirus of the Paramyxoviridae family. In HEp-2 cells, RSV infection also induces actin...

    Authors: Vira Bitko, Anja Oldenburg, Nicolle E Garmon and Sailen Barik
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:9
  20. We report cloning and characterization of a novel Leishmania infantum protein which we termed Lepp12, and we examine its possible implication in the interference with intramacrophage signaling pathways.

    Authors: Konstantina Fragaki, Bernard Ferrua, Baharia Mograbi, Julie Waldispühl and Joanna Kubar
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:7
  21. Ebola virus causes severe, often fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans. The mechanism of escape from cellular anti-viral mechanisms is not yet fully understood. The promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) associated nuclear...

    Authors: Asa Szekely Björndal, Laszlo Szekely and Fredrik Elgh
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:6
  22. Staphylococcus aureus infection of normal osteoblasts induces expression of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL).

    Authors: Emily H Alexander, F Andrea Rivera, Ian Marriott, Juan Anguita, Kenneth L Bost and Michael C Hudson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:5
  23. Putrescine is the intermediate product of arginine decarboxylase pathway in Escherichia coli which can be used as an alternative nitrogen source. Transaminase and dehydrogenase enzymes seem to be implicated in th...

    Authors: Natalya N Samsonova, Sergey V Smirnov, Irina B Altman and Leonid R Ptitsyn
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:2
  24. In general, chemotaxis in Rhizobium has not been well characterized. Methyl accepting chemotaxis proteins are sensory proteins important in chemotaxis of numerous bacteria, but their involvement in Rhizobium chem...

    Authors: Christopher K Yost, Kirsten T Clark, Kate L Del Bel and Michael F Hynes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:1
  25. The association of an infectious agent with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been difficult and is further complicated by the lack of a known lesion or diseased tissue. Cell-free plasma DNA could serve as a ...

    Authors: Suzanne D Vernon, Sanjay K Shukla, Jennifer Conradt, Elizabeth R Unger and William C Reeves
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:39
  26. Chlamydia pneumoniae causes human respiratory diseases and has recently been associated with atherosclerosis. Analysis of the three recently published C. pneumoniae genomes has led to the identification of a new ...

    Authors: Wasna Viratyosin, Lee Ann Campbell, Cho-Chou Kuo and Daniel D Rockey
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:38
  27. Currently available reference methods for the molecular epidemiology of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex either lack sensitivity or are still too tedious and slow for routine application. Recently, tandem r...

    Authors: Philippe Le Flèche, Michel Fabre, France Denoeud, Jean-Louis Koeck and Gilles Vergnaud
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:37
  28. Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria, which are important human pathogens. Genome sequences of C. trachomatis and C. pneumoniae have revealed the presence of a Chlamydia specific gene family encoding po...

    Authors: Brian Berg Vandahl, Anna Sofie Pedersen, Kris Gevaert, Arne Holm, Joël Vandekerckhove, Gunna Christiansen and Svend Birkelund
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:36
  29. In 1982 Smith and Huggins showed that bacteriophages could be at least as effective as antibiotics in preventing mortality from experimental infections with a capsulated E. coli (K1) in mice. Phages that requi...

    Authors: J J Bull, Bruce R Levin, Terry DeRouin, Nina Walker and Craig A Bloch
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:35
  30. Development of sulphonamide resistance in Neisseria meningitidis has been suggested to involve horizontal DNA-transfer from a commensal Neisseria species. In this study, we isolated commensal Neisseria from throa...

    Authors: Yvonne Qvarnström and Göte Swedberg
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:34
  31. Bacillus mycoides Flügge, a Gram-positive, non-motile soil bacterium assigned to Bacillus cereus group, grows on agar as chains of cells linked end to end, forming radial filaments curving clock- or counter-clock...

    Authors: Carmen Di Franco, Elena Beccari, Tiziana Santini, Giuseppe Pisaneschi and Giorgio Tecce
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:33
  32. The Sec-dependent protein export apparatus of Escherichia coli is very efficient at correctly identifying proteins to be exported from the cytoplasm. Even bacterial strains that carry prl mutations, which allow e...

    Authors: Ipsita Mallik, Margaret A Smith and Ann M Flower
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:32
  33. Virulence genes on Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI1) are coordinately regulated by HilA, a member of the OmpR/ToxR family of transcription factors. Although a great deal is known about the complex regulati...

    Authors: Christine R Rodriguez, Lisa M Schechter and Catherine A Lee
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:31
  34. Exported proteases are commonly associated with virulence in bacterial pathogens, yet there is a paucity of information regarding their role in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There are five genes (mycP1-5) present w...

    Authors: Joel A Dave, Nico C Gey van Pittius, Albert D Beyers, Mario RW Ehlers and Gordon D Brown
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:30
  35. The high degree of sequence heterogeneity found in Hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolates, makes robust nucleic acid-based assays difficult to generate. Polymerase chain reaction based techniques, require efficient ...

    Authors: Ping Qiu, Xiao-Yan Cai, Luquan Wang, Jonathan R Greene and Bruce Malcolm
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:29
  36. PCR amplification of bacterial 16S rRNA genes provides the most comprehensive and flexible means of sampling bacterial communities. Sequence analysis of these cloned fragments can provide a qualitative and qua...

    Authors: Elena Busti, Roberta Bordoni, Bianca Castiglioni, Paolo Monciardini, Margherita Sosio, Stefano Donadio, Clarissa Consolandi, Luigi Rossi Bernardi, Cristina Battaglia and Gianluca De Bellis
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:27
  37. The aberrant cell-cycle progression of HIV-1-infected kidney cells plays a major role in the pathogenesis of HIV-associated nephropathy, however the mechanisms whereby HIV-1 induces infected glomerular podocyt...

    Authors: Peter J Nelson, Masaaki Sunamoto, Mohammad Husain and Irwin H Gelman
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:26
  38. We have previously reported that altered culture conditions (a broth media with shaking) could induce a strain of Helicobacter pylori to assume a long spiral morphology resembling that described for Helicobacter ...

    Authors: Kathleen MB Vinette, Kathleen M Gibney, Roy Proujansky and Paul T Fawcett
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:24
  39. Detecting microbial life in extraterrestrial locations is a goal of space exploration because of ecological and health concerns about possible contamination of other planets with earthly organisms, and vice ve...

    Authors: Ronald L Crawford, Andrzej Paszczynski, Qingyong Lang, Daniel P Erwin, Lisa Allenbach, Giancarlo Corti, Tony J Anderson, I Francis Cheng, Chien Wai, Bruce Barnes, Richard Wells, Touraj Assefi and Mohammad Mojarradi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:22

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