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  1. Porphyromonas gingivalis in subgingival dental plaque, as part of a mature biofilm, has been strongly implicated in the onset and progression of chronic periodontitis. In this study using DNA microarray we compar...

    Authors: Alvin W Lo, Christine A Seers, John D Boyce, Stuart G Dashper, Nada Slakeski, J Patricia Lissel and Eric C Reynolds
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:18
  2. Soil bacteria collectively known as Rhizobium, characterized by their ability to establish beneficial symbiosis with legumes, share several common characteristics with pathogenic bacteria when infecting the host ...

    Authors: Pieter van Dillewijn, Juan Sanjuán, José Olivares and María José Soto
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:17
  3. The Euglenozoa is a large group of eukaryotic flagellates with diverse modes of nutrition. The group consists of three main subclades – euglenids, kinetoplastids and diplonemids – that have been confirmed with...

    Authors: Naoji Yubuki, Virginia P Edgcomb, Joan M Bernhard and Brian S Leander
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:16
  4. C-1027, produced by Streptomyces globisporus C-1027, is one of the most potent antitumoral agents. The biosynthetic gene cluster of C-1027, previously cloned and sequenced, contains at least three putative regula...

    Authors: Lifei Wang, Yunfeng Hu, Yanjuan Zhang, Songmei Wang, Zhihui Cui, Yi Bao, Wei Jiang and Bin Hong
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:14
  5. The antibacterial activity of bacteriophages has been described rather well. However, knowledge about the direct interactions of bacteriophages with mammalian organisms and their other, i.e. non-antibacterial,...

    Authors: Krystyna Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Skaradziński, Paulina Jończyk, Aneta Kurzępa, Joanna Wietrzyk, Barbara Owczarek, Maciej Żaczek, Kinga Świtała-Jeleń, Janusz Boratyński, Gryzelda Poźniak, Magdalena Maciejewska and Andrzej Górski
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:13
  6. Citrus canker is a disease caused by the phytopathogens Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri, Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. aurantifolli and Xanthomonas alfalfae subsp. citrumelonis. The first of the three species, which ...

    Authors: Marcelo L Laia, Leandro M Moreira, Juliana Dezajacomo, Joice B Brigati, Cristiano B Ferreira, Maria IT Ferro, Ana CR Silva, Jesus A Ferro and Julio CF Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:12
  7. Prevotella intermedia (P. intermedia), a gram-negative, black-pigmented anaerobic rod, has been implicated in the development of chronic oral infection. P. intermedia strain 17 was isolated from a chronic periodo...

    Authors: Takeshi Yamanaka, Tomoyo Furukawa, Chiho Matsumoto-Mashimo, Kazuyoshi Yamane, Chieko Sugimori, Takayuki Nambu, Naoki Mori, Hiroyuki Nishikawa, Clay B Walker, Kai-Poon Leung and Hisanori Fukushima
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:11
  8. Rifampin is a first line antituberculosis drug active against bacilli in logarithmic and stationary phase, which interferes with RNA synthesis by binding to bacterial RNA polymerase. Tubercle bacilli achieve r...

    Authors: Anna Zaczek, Anna Brzostek, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopec, Zofia Zwolska and Jaroslaw Dziadek
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:10
  9. Single genome-wide screens for the effect of altered gene dosage on drug sensitivity in the model organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae provide only a partial picture of the mechanism of action of a drug.

    Authors: Danielle Kemmer, Lianne M McHardy, Shawn Hoon, Delphine Rebérioux, Guri Giaever, Corey Nislow, Calvin D Roskelley and Michel Roberge
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:9
  10. Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 is a plant-associated bacterium that inhabits the rhizosphere of a wide variety of plant species and and produces secondary metabolites suppressive of fungal and oomycete plant pathog...

    Authors: Dmitri V Mavrodi, Joyce E Loper, Ian T Paulsen and Linda S Thomashow
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:8
  11. Neisseria meningitidis, the causative agent of meningococcal disease, is exposed to high levels of reactive oxygen species inside its exclusive human host. The DNA glycosylase Fpg of the base excision repair path...

    Authors: Katrina L Tibballs, Ole Herman Ambur, Kristian Alfsnes, Håvard Homberset, Stephan A Frye, Tonje Davidsen and Tone Tønjum
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:7
  12. Genotyping of epidemic Clostridium difficile strains is necessary to track their emergence and spread. Portability of genotyping data is desirable to facilitate inter-laboratory comparisons and epidemiological st...

    Authors: N Henning Zaiß, Maja Rupnik, Ed J Kuijper, Celine Harmanus, Dolf Michielsen, Koen Janssens and Ulrich Nübel
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:6
  13. The phylum Verrucomicrobia is a divergent phylum within domain Bacteria including members of the microbial communities of soil and fresh and marine waters; recently extremely acidophilic members from hot springs ...

    Authors: Kuo-Chang Lee, Richard I Webb, Peter H Janssen, Parveen Sangwan, Tony Romeo, James T Staley and John A Fuerst
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:5
  14. Arsenic is known as a toxic metalloid, which primarily exists in inorganic form [As(III) and As(V)] and can be transformed by microbial redox processes in the natural environment. As(III) is much more toxic an...

    Authors: Lin Cai, Guanghui Liu, Christopher Rensing and Gejiao Wang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:4
  15. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (Typhimurium) is an important pathogen that infects a broad range of hosts. In humans, Typhimurium causes a gastroenteritis characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, and abdomin...

    Authors: Yakhya Dieye, Keith Ameiss, Melha Mellata and Roy Curtiss III
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:3
  16. The chlamydiae alter many aspects of host cell biology, including the division process, but the molecular biology of these alterations remains poorly characterized. Chlamydial inclusion membrane proteins (Incs...

    Authors: Damir T Alzhanov, Sara K Weeks, Jeffrey R Burnett and Daniel D Rockey
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:2
  17. Medium density DNA microchips that carry a collection of probes for a broad spectrum of pathogens, have the potential to be powerful tools for simultaneous species identification, detection of virulence factor...

    Authors: Maria Palka-Santini, Berit E Cleven, Ludwig Eichinger, Martin Krönke and Oleg Krut
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:1
  18. The worldwide outbreak of influenza A (H5N1) viruses among poultry species and humans highlighted the need to develop efficacious and safe vaccines based on efficient and scaleable production.

    Authors: Fang He, YuenFern Ho, Li Yu and Jimmy Kwang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:238
  19. Composting is one of the methods utilised in recycling organic communal waste. The composting process is dependent on aerobic microbial activity and proceeds through a succession of different phases each domin...

    Authors: Jenni Hultman, Jarmo Ritari, Martin Romantschuk, Lars Paulin and Petri Auvinen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:237
  20. A biofilm is a complex community of microorganisms that develop on surfaces in diverse environments. The thickness of the biofilm plays a crucial role in the physiology of the immobilized bacteria. The most ca...

    Authors: Moshe Shemesh, Avshalom Tam, Miriam Kott-Gutkowski, Mark Feldman and Doron Steinberg
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:236
  21. Entamoeba histolytica is a professional phagocytic cell where the vacuolar ATPase plays a key role. This enzyme is a multisubunit complex that regulates pH in many subcellular compartments, even in those that are...

    Authors: Mayra Gisela Meléndez-Hernández, María Luisa Labra Barrios, Esther Orozco and Juan Pedro Luna-Arias
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:235
  22. Three phenotypic identification systems (MicroScan, VITEK 2, and Crystal GP) were evaluated for their accuracy to identify coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). A total of 120 clinical isolates confirmed to ...

    Authors: Miyoung Kim, Se Ran Heo, Soon Hee Choi, Hyelin Kwon, Jeong Su Park, Moon-Woo Seong, Do-Hoon Lee, Kyoung Un Park, Junghan Song and Eui-Chong Kim
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:233
  23. Gut bifidobacteria are believed to influence immune-related diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the possible relationships between the gut bifidobacteria composition and coeliac disease (CD) in...

    Authors: Maria Carmen Collado, Ester Donat, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx, Miguel Calabuig and Yolanda Sanz
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:232
  24. Endophytic fungi are known plant symbionts. They produce a variety of beneficial metabolites for plant growth and survival, as well as defend their hosts from attack of certain pathogens. Coastal dunes are nut...

    Authors: Sumera Afzal Khan, Muhammad Hamayun, Hyeokjun Yoon, Ho-Youn Kim, Seok-Jong Suh, Seon-Kap Hwang, Jong-Myeong Kim, In-Jung Lee, Yeon-Sik Choo, Ung-Han Yoon, Won-Sik Kong, Byung-Moo Lee and Jong-Guk Kim
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:231
  25. Phosphorus is an essential macronutrient for the growth of plants. However, in most soils a large portion of phosphorus becomes insoluble and therefore, unavailable to plants. Knowledge on biodiversity of phos...

    Authors: Popavath Ravindra Naik, Gurusamy Raman, Kannan Badri Narayanan and Natarajan Sakthivel
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:230
  26. Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is an important host defence protein against opportunistic fungal pathogens. This carbohydrate-binding protein, an opsonin and lectin pathway activator, binds through multiple lect...

    Authors: Eveline C van Asbeck, Andy IM Hoepelman, Jelle Scharringa, Bjorn L Herpers and Jan Verhoef
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:229
  27. Salmonella enterica is a facultative intracellular pathogen of worldwide importance. Over 2,500 serovars exist and infections in humans and animals may produce a spectrum of symptoms from enteritis to typhoid dep...

    Authors: Debra J Clayton, Alison J Bowen, Scott D Hulme, Anthony M Buckley, Victoria L Deacon, Nicholas R Thomson, Paul A Barrow, Eirwen Morgan, Michael A Jones, Michael Watson and Mark P Stevens
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:228
  28. The presence of prophages has been an important variable in genetic exchange and divergence in most bacteria. This study reports the determination of the genomic sequence of Salmonella phage ε34, a temperate bact...

    Authors: Robert Villafane, Milka Zayas, Eddie B Gilcrease, Andrew M Kropinski and Sherwood R Casjens
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:227
  29. Iron is recognized as an important trace element, essential for most organisms including pathogenic bacteria. HugZ, a protein related to heme iron utilization, is involved in bacterial acquisition of iron from...

    Authors: Ying Guo, Gang Guo, Xuhu Mao, Weijun Zhang, Jie Xiao, Wende Tong, Tao Liu, Bin Xiao, Xiaofei Liu, Youjun Feng and Quanming Zou
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:226
  30. C. glutamicum has traditionally been grown in neutral-pH media for amino acid production, but in a previous article we reported that this microorganism is a moderate alkaliphile since it grows optimally at pH 7.0...

    Authors: Mónica Barriuso-Iglesias, Daniela Schluesener, Carlos Barreiro, Ansgar Poetsch and Juan F Martín
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:225
  31. Bacteria of the genus Brucella are the causative organisms of brucellosis in animals and man. Previous characterisation of Brucella strains originating from marine mammals showed them to be distinct from the terr...

    Authors: Claire E Dawson, Emma J Stubberfield, Lorraine L Perrett, Amanda C King, Adrian M Whatmore, John B Bashiruddin, Judy A Stack and Alastair P MacMillan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:224
  32. The usefulness of available vaccine and serological tests for leptospirosis is limited by the low cross-reactivity of antigens from numerous serovars of pathogenic Leptospira spp. Identification of genus-specific...

    Authors: Haiyan Dong, Ye Hu, Feng Xue, Dexter Sun, David M Ojcius, Yafei Mao and Jie Yan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:223
  33. The main tool to discover novel microbial eukaryotes is the rRNA approach. This approach has important biases, including PCR discrimination against certain rRNA gene species, which makes molecular inventories ...

    Authors: Sunok Jeon, John Bunge, Chesley Leslin, Thorsten Stoeck, Sunhee Hong and Slava S Epstein
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:222
  34. Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen that forms biofilms. The global regulator sarA is essential for biofilm formation. Since the modulator of sarA (msa) is required for full expression of sarA and regu...

    Authors: Karthik Sambanthamoorthy, Antony Schwartz, Vijayaraj Nagarajan and Mohamed O Elasri
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:221
  35. BOX-A1R-based repetitive extragenic palindromic-PCR (BOX-PCR) is one of the most used techniques in biogeography studies of microbial isolates. However the traditional separation of BOX-PCR patterns by agarose...

    Authors: Lorenzo Brusetti, Iana Malkhazova, Maher Gtari, Isabella Tamagnini, Sara Borin, Maya Merabishvili, Nina Chanishvili, Diego Mora, Francesca Cappitelli and Daniele Daffonchio
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:220
  36. Bacterial genomes harbour a large number of tandem repeats, yet the possible phenotypic effects of those found within the coding region of genes are only beginning to be examined. Evidence exists from other or...

    Authors: David A Coil, Liesbeth Vandersmissen, Christophe Ginevra, Sophie Jarraud, Elke Lammertyn and Jozef Anné
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:218
  37. The OmcB protein is one of the most immunogenic proteins in C. trachomatis and C. pneumoniae infections. This protein is highly conserved leading to serum cross reactivity between the various chlamydial species. ...

    Authors: Olfa Frikha-Gargouri, Radhouane Gdoura, Abir Znazen, Boutheina Gargouri, Jalel Gargouri, Ahmed Rebai and Adnene Hammami
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:217
  38. Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen of increasing importance, but the pathogenic mechanism of this microorganism has not been fully explored. This study investigated the potential of A. baumannii to ...

    Authors: Chul Hee Choi, Jun Sik Lee, Yoo Chul Lee, Tae In Park and Je Chul Lee
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:216
  39. Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis is classified as a Category A bioweapon that is capable of establishing a lethal infection in humans upon inhalation of very few organisms. However, the virulence mechanis...

    Authors: Sandra S Ojeda, Zheng J Wang, Chris A Mares, Tingtung A Chang, Qun Li, Elizabeth G Morris, Paul A Jerabek and Judy M Teale
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:215
  40. Toxin complex (Tc) proteins termed TcaABC, TcdAB, and TccABC with insecticidal activity are present in a variety of bacteria including the yersiniae.

    Authors: Thilo M Fuchs, Geraldine Bresolin, Lisa Marcinowski, Joachim Schachtner and Siegfried Scherer
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:214
  41. Obligate intracellular pathogens belonging to the Chlamydiaceae family possess a number of mechanisms by which to manipulate the host cell and surrounding environment. Such capabilities include the inhibition of ...

    Authors: David V Pollack, Nancy L Croteau and Elizabeth S Stuart
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:213
  42. The cell tropism of Brucella abortus, a causative agent of brucellosis and facultative intracellular pathogen, in the placenta is thought to be a key event of infectious abortion, although the molecular mechanism...

    Authors: Kenta Watanabe, Masato Tachibana, Satoshi Tanaka, Hidefumi Furuoka, Motohiro Horiuchi, Hiroshi Suzuki and Masahisa Watarai
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:212
  43. In man, infection by the Gram-negative enteropathogen Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is usually limited to the terminal ileum. However, in immunocompromised patients, the microorganism may disseminate from the diges...

    Authors: Marie-Laure Rosso, Sylvie Chauvaux, Rodrigue Dessein, Caroline Laurans, Lionel Frangeul, Céline Lacroix, Angèle Schiavo, Marie-Agnès Dillies, Jeannine Foulon, Jean-Yves Coppée, Claudine Médigue, Elisabeth Carniel, Michel Simonet and Michaël Marceau
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:211
  44. Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato DC3000 (DC3000) is a Gram-negative model plant pathogen that is found in a wide variety of environments. To survive in these diverse conditions it must sense and respond to various ...

    Authors: Philip A Bronstein, Melanie J Filiatrault, Christopher R Myers, Michael Rutzke, David J Schneider and Samuel W Cartinhour
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:209
  45. Small heat shock proteins are ubiquitous family of stress proteins, having a role in virulence and survival of the pathogen. M. leprae, the causative agent of leprosy is an uncultivable organism in defined media,...

    Authors: Nirmala Lini, Elengikal Abdul Azeez Rehna, Sugathan Shiburaj, Jayapal Jeya Maheshwari, Nallakandy Panagadan Shankernarayan and Kuppamuthu Dharmalingam
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:208
  46. In the absence of effective drugs, controlling SARS relies on the rapid identification of cases and appropriate management of the close contacts, or effective vaccines for SARS. Therefore, developing specific ...

    Authors: Feng Mu, Dongsheng Niu, Jingsong Mu, Bo He, Weiguo Han, Baoxing Fan, Shengyong Huang, Yan Qiu, Bo You and Weijun Chen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:207

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