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  1. Vibrio parahaemolyticus is abundant in the aquatic environment particularly in warmer waters and is the leading cause of seafood borne gastroenteritis worldwide. Prior to 1995, numerous V. parahaemolyticus serogr...

    Authors: E Fidelma Boyd, Ana Luisa V Cohen, Lynn M Naughton, David W Ussery, Tim T Binnewies, O Colin Stine and Michelle A Parent
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:110
  2. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most relevant human opportunistic bacterial pathogens. Two strains (PAO1 and PA14) have been mainly used as models for studying virulence of P. aeruginosa. The strain PA14 is ...

    Authors: Sergio Carilla-Latorre, Javier Calvo-Garrido, Gareth Bloomfield, Jason Skelton, Robert R Kay, Alasdair Ivens, José L Martinez and Ricardo Escalante
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:109
  3. The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is a collection of nine genotypically distinct but phenotypically similar species. They show wide ecological diversity and include species that are used for promoting plant ...

    Authors: Ben Ryall, Xiaoyun Lee, James EA Zlosnik, Saiko Hoshino and Huw D Williams
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:108
  4. Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of inflammatory diarrhoea in humans and is considered a commensal of the gastroenteric tract of the avian host. However, little is known about the interaction between C. jeju...

    Authors: Yi-Ping Li, Hanne Ingmer, Mogens Madsen and Dang D Bang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:107
  5. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited multi-system disorder characterised by chronic airway infection with pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

    Authors: Ian J Clifton, Louise A Fletcher, Clive B Beggs, Miles Denton and Daniel G Peckham
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:105
  6. Among tuberculosis (TB) high incidence regions, Sub-Saharan Africa is particularly affected with approx. 1.6 million new cases every year. Besides this dramatic situation, data on the diversity of Mycobacterium t...

    Authors: Susanne Homolka, Erik Post, Barbara Oberhauser, Abu Garawani George, Lars Westman, Foday Dafae, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes and Stefan Niemann
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:103
  7. Information regarding the Alkali-Tolerance Response (AlTR) in Listeria monocytogenes is very limited. Treatment of alkali-adapted cells with the protein synthesis inhibitor chloramphenicol has revealed that the A...

    Authors: Efstathios S Giotis, Arunachalam Muthaiyan, Ian S Blair, Brian J Wilkinson and David A McDowell
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:102
  8. Little is known about bacterial transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs). In Escherichia coli, which is the organism with the largest wet-lab validated TRN, its set of interactions involves only ~50% of the rep...

    Authors: Diogo FT Veiga, Fábio FR Vicente, Marisa F Nicolás and Ana Tereza R Vasconcelos
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:101
  9. The ability of an intracellular pathogen to establish infection depends on the capacity of the organism to survive and replicate inside the host. Mycobacterium fortuitum is a bacteria that contains genes involved...

    Authors: María Carmen Núñez, María Carmen Menéndez, María José Rebollo and María J García
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:100
  10. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) and X. oryzae pv. oryzicola (Xoc) are bacterial pathogens of the worldwide staple and grass model, rice. Xoo and Xoc are closely related but Xoo invades rice vascular tissue to...

    Authors: Young-Su Seo, Malinee Sriariyanun, Li Wang, Janice Pfeiff, Jirapa Phetsom, Ye Lin, Ki-Hong Jung, Hui Hsien Chou, Adam Bogdanove and Pamela Ronald
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:99
  11. In many bacteria, the signal molecule AI-2 is generated from its precursor S-ribosyl-L-homocysteine in a reaction catalysed by the enzyme LuxS. However, generation of AI-2-like activity has also been reported for...

    Authors: Timothy J Tavender, Nigel M Halliday, Kim R Hardie and Klaus Winzer
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:98
  12. Invasive aspergillosis, which is mainly caused by the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, is an increasing problem in immunocompromised patients. Infection occurs by inhalation of airborne conidia, which are first enco...

    Authors: Françoise Botterel, Karine Gross, Oumaïma Ibrahim-Granet, Khaled Khoufache, Virginie Escabasse, André Coste, Catherine Cordonnier, Estelle Escudier and Stéphane Bretagne
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:97
  13. The foodborne, gram-positive pathogen, Listeria monocytogenes, is capable of causing lethal infections in compromised individuals. In the post genomic era of L. monocytogenes research, techniques are required to ...

    Authors: Ian R Monk, Pat G Casey, Michael Cronin, Cormac GM Gahan and Colin Hill
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:96
  14. Arsenic (As) is a natural metalloid, widely used in anthropogenic activities, that can exist in different oxidation states. Throughout the world, there are several environments contaminated with high amounts o...

    Authors: Rita Branco, Ana-Paula Chung and Paula V Morais
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:95
  15. Vibrio cholerae is widely acknowledged as one of the most important waterborne pathogen causing gastrointestinal disorders. Cholera toxin (CT) is a major virulence determinant of V. cholerae. Detection of CT-prod...

    Authors: Wataru Yamazaki, Kazuko Seto, Masumi Taguchi, Masanori Ishibashi and Kiyoshi Inoue
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:94
  16. Diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection is traditionally based on serology, which may require more than two weeks for diagnostic antibodies to develop. PCR-based methods offer earlier diagnosis. During ...

    Authors: Anna C Nilsson, Per Björkman and Kenneth Persson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:93
  17. In Pseudomonas fluorescens ST, the promoter of the styrene catabolic operon, PstyA, is induced by styrene and is subject to catabolite repression. PstyA regulation relies on the StyS/StyR two-component system and...

    Authors: Giordano Rampioni, Livia Leoni, Biancamaria Pietrangeli and Elisabetta Zennaro
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:92
  18. Pathogenic mycobacteria such as M. tuberculosis, M. bovis or M. leprae are characterised by their extremely slow growth rate which plays an important role in mycobacterial virulence and eradication of the bacteri...

    Authors: Astrid Lewin, Daniela Baus, Elisabeth Kamal, Fabienne Bon, Ralph Kunisch, Sven Maurischat, Michaela Adonopoulou and Katharina Eich
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:91
  19. C. trachomatis organisms carry a cryptic plasmid that encodes 8 open reading frames designated as pORF1 to 8. It is not clear whether all 8 pORFs are expressed during C. trachomatis infection in humans and inform...

    Authors: Zhongyu Li, Youmin Zhong, Lei Lei, Yimou Wu, Shiping Wang and Guangming Zhong
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:90
  20. Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg ranks amongst the most prevalent causes of human salmonellosis in Canada and an increase in resistance to extended spectrum cephalosporins (ESC) has been observed by the Can...

    Authors: Ashleigh K Andrysiak, Adam B Olson, Dobryan M Tracz, Kathryn Dore, Rebecca Irwin, Lai-King Ng and Matthew W Gilmour
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:89
  21. Thermococcus litoralis is a heterotrophic facultative sulfur dependent hyperthermophilic Archaeon, which was isolated from a shallow submarine thermal spring. It has been successfully used in a two-stage fermenta...

    Authors: Mária Takács, András Tóth, Balázs Bogos, András Varga, Gábor Rákhely and Kornél L Kovács
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:88
  22. Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are released from the outer membrane of many Gram-negative bacteria. These extracellular compartments are known to transport compounds involved in cell-cell signalling as well as...

    Authors: Vishaldeep K Sidhu, Frank-Jörg Vorhölter, Karsten Niehaus and Steven A Watt
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:87
  23. Brucellosis, caused by members of the genus Brucella, remains one of the world's major zoonotic diseases. Six species have classically been recognised within the family Brucella largely based on a combination of ...

    Authors: Krishna K Gopaul, Mark S Koylass, Catherine J Smith and Adrian M Whatmore
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:86
  24. Modification of teichoic acids with D-alanine by the products of the dlt operon protects Gram-positive bacteria against major antimicrobial host defense molecules such as defensins, cathelicidins, myeloperoxidase...

    Authors: Dirk Kraus, Silvia Herbert, Sascha A Kristian, Arya Khosravi, Victor Nizet, Friedrich Götz and Andreas Peschel
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:85
  25. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype Enteritidis is known as an important and pathogenic clonal group which continues to cause worldwide sporadic cases and outbreaks in humans. Here a new multiple-locus v...

    Authors: Burkhard Malorny, Ernst Junker and Reiner Helmuth
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:84
  26. Among surface antigens of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), the HMW1 and HMW2 proteins are the major adhesins promoting colonization of the upper respiratory tract. Since they are potential vaccine candi...

    Authors: Maria Giufrè, Alessandra Carattoli, Rita Cardines, Paola Mastrantonio and Marina Cerquetti
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:83
  27. Decorin-binding proteins (Dbps) A and B of Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme disease, are surface-exposed lipoproteins that presumably bind to the extracellular matrix proteoglycan, decorin. B. burgdorferi ...

    Authors: Jon S Blevins, Kayla E Hagman and Michael V Norgard
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:82
  28. A2143G mutation of 23S rRNA gene of H. pylori results in clarithromycin (CLR) resistance. To investigate the prevalence of the CLR resistance-related A2143G mutation of the H. pylori-specific 23S rRNA gene in Chi...

    Authors: Zhuoqi Liu, Jing Shen, Lian Zhang, Lin Shen, Qiang Li, Baozhen Zhang, Jing Zhou, Liankun Gu, Guoshuang Feng, Junling Ma, Wei-Cheng You and Dajun Deng
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:81
  29. The incidence and diversity of human methanogens are insufficiently characterised in the gastrointestinal tract of both health and disease. A PCR and clone library methodology targeting the mcrA gene was adopted ...

    Authors: Pauline D Scanlan, Fergus Shanahan and Julian R Marchesi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:79
  30. Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of Q-fever, a widespread zoonosis. Due to its high environmental stability and infectivity it is regarded as a category B biological weapon agent. In domestic animals infe...

    Authors: Marcus Panning, Jochen Kilwinski, Susanne Greiner-Fischer, Martin Peters, Stefanie Kramme, Dimitrios Frangoulidis, Hermann Meyer, Klaus Henning and Christian Drosten
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:77
  31. Syphilis spirochete Treponema pallidum ssp. pallidum remains the enigmatic pathogen, since no virulence factors have been identified and the pathogenesis of the disease is poorly understood. Increasing rates of n...

    Authors: Petra Matějková, Michal Strouhal, David Šmajs, Steven J Norris, Timothy Palzkill, Joseph F Petrosino, Erica Sodergren, Jason E Norton, Jaz Singh, Todd A Richmond, Michael N Molla, Thomas J Albert and George M Weinstock
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:76
  32. The histone-like Hlp protein is emerging as a key component in mycobacterial pathogenesis, being involved in the initial events of host colonization by interacting with laminin and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). I...

    Authors: Michelle I Portugal, Adriane R Todeschini, Cristiana S de Lima, Carlos AM Silva, Ronaldo Mohana-Borges, Tom HM Ottenhoff, Lucia Mendonça-Previato, Jose O Previato and Maria CV Pessolani
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:75
  33. Fibronectin-binding protein A (FnBPA) mediates adhesion of Staphylococcus aureus to fibronectin, fibrinogen and elastin. We previously reported that S. aureus strain P1 encodes an FnBPA protein where the fibrinog...

    Authors: Anthony Loughman, Tara Sweeney, Fiona M Keane, Giampiero Pietrocola, Pietro Speziale and Timothy J Foster
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:74
  34. Campylobacter jejuni is widespread in the environment and is the major cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. In the present study we use microarray-based comparative genomic hybridizations (CGH), pulsed-f...

    Authors: Sandra Rodin, Anders F Andersson, Valtteri Wirta, Lena Eriksson, Marianne Ljungström, Britta Björkholm, Hans Lindmark and Lars Engstrand
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:73
  35. Diplomonads are common free-living inhabitants of anoxic aquatic environments and are also found as intestinal commensals or parasites of a wide variety of animals. Spironucleus vortens is a putatively commensal ...

    Authors: Scott C Dawson, Jonathan K Pham, Susan A House, Elizabeth E Slawson, Daniela Cronembold and W Zacheus Cande
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:71
  36. It has been well documented over past decades that interaction of pathogens with the extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a primary role in host cell attachment and invasion. Adherence to host tissues is mediated ...

    Authors: Marina V Atzingen, Angela S Barbosa, Thales De Brito, Silvio A Vasconcellos, Zenáide M de Morais, Dirce MC Lima, Patricia AE Abreu and Ana LTO Nascimento
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:70
  37. The maturation of hydrogenases into active enzymes is a complex process and e.g. a correctly assembled active site requires the involvement of at least seven proteins, encoded by hypABCDEF and a hydrogenase speci...

    Authors: Åsa Agervald, Karin Stensjö, Marie Holmqvist and Peter Lindblad
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:69
  38. A fundamental characteristic of cells is the ability to divide. To date, most parameters of bacterial cultures, including cell division, have been measured as cell population averages, assuming that all bacter...

    Authors: Johanna Roostalu, Arvi Jõers, Hannes Luidalepp, Niilo Kaldalu and Tanel Tenson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:68
  39. Binding of serum components by surface M-related proteins, encoded by the emm genes, in streptococci constitutes a major virulence factor in this important group of organisms. The present study demonstrates fibri...

    Authors: Justice CF Baiano, Reiny A Tumbol, Aarti Umapathy and Andrew C Barnes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:67
  40. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a genetically diverse major human pathogen, yet a common colonizer of the nasopharynx. Here we analyzed the influence of defects affecting in vitro growth rate, on the ability of S. pn...

    Authors: Jenny Fernebro, Christel Blomberg, Eva Morfeldt, Hans Wolf-Watz, Staffan Normark and Birgitta Henriques Normark
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:65
  41. In 1994, an outbreak of Enterobacter sakazakii infections in France occurred in a neonatal intensive care unit during which 17 neonates were infected. More than half of the infected neonates had severe clinical s...

    Authors: Stacy Townsend, Edward Hurrell and Stephen Forsythe
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:64
  42. The currently used genotyping system for the avian zoonotic pathogen Chlamydophila (C.) psittaci has evolved from serology and is based on ompA sequence variations. It includes seven avian and two non-avian genot...

    Authors: Konrad Sachse, Karine Laroucau, Helmut Hotzel, Evelyn Schubert, Ralf Ehricht and Peter Slickers
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:63
  43. The catabolite control protein CcpA is a transcriptional regulator conserved in many Gram-positives, controlling the efficiency of glucose metabolism. Here we studied the role of Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 CcpA i...

    Authors: Menno van der Voort, Oscar P Kuipers, Girbe Buist, Willem M de Vos and Tjakko Abee
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:62

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