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  1. Research article

    Molecular characterization of invasive capsule null Neisseria meningitidis in South Africa

    The meningococcal capsule is an important virulence determinant. Unencapsulated meningococci lacking capsule biosynthesis genes and containing the capsule null locus (cnl) are predominantly non-pathogenic. Rare c...

    Karistha Ganesh, Mushal Allam, Nicole Wolter, Holly B. Bratcher, Odile B. Harrison, Jay Lucidarme, Ray Borrow, Linda de Gouveia, Susan Meiring, Monica Birkhead, Martin C. J. Maiden, Anne von Gottberg and Mignon du Plessis

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:40

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  2. Research article

    Molecular pathways underlying inhibitory effect of antimicrobial peptide Nal-P-113 on bacteria biofilms formation of Porphyromonas gingivalis W83 by DNA microarray

    Wound-related infection remains a major challenge for health professionals. One disadvantage in conventional antibiotics is their inability to penetrate biofilms, the main protective strategy for bacteria to e...

    Hong-yan Wang, Li Lin, Li-si Tan, Hui-Yuan Yu, Jya-Wei Cheng and Ya-ping Pan

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:37

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis can invade periodontal ligament stem cells

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is strongly associated with the development, progression, severity and recurrence of periodontitis. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) play an important ...

    Chunling Pan, Junchao Liu, Hongyan Wang, Jia Song, Lisi Tan and Haijiao Zhao

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:38

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Determination of antibacterial activity and minimum inhibitory concentration of larval extract of fly via resazurin-based turbidometric assay

    Antimicrobial resistance is currently a major global issue. As the rate of emergence of antimicrobial resistance has superseded the rate of discovery and introduction of new effective drugs, the medical arsena...

    Chien Huey Teh, Wasi Ahmad Nazni, Ab Hamid Nurulhusna, Ahmad Norazah and Han Lim Lee

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:36

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Costs and benefits of natural transformation in Acinetobacter baylyi

    Natural transformation enables acquisition of adaptive traits and drives genome evolution in prokaryotes. Yet, the selective forces responsible for the evolution and maintenance of natural transformation remai...

    Nils Hülter, Vidar Sørum, Kristina Borch-Pedersen, Mikkel M. Liljegren, Ane L. G. Utnes, Raul Primicerio, Klaus Harms and Pål J. Johnsen

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:34

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Diffusible substances from lactic acid bacterial cultures exert strong inhibitory effects on Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in a co-culture model

    Food-borne infections cause huge economic and human life losses. Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis are among the top ranking pathogens causing such losses. Control of such infecti...

    Solomon H. Mariam, Nigus Zegeye, Abraham Aseffa and Rawleigh Howe

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:35

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Conjugative type IVb pilus recognizes lipopolysaccharide of recipient cells to initiate PAPI-1 pathogenicity island transfer in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa pathogenicity island 1 (PAPI-1) is one of the largest genomic islands of this important opportunistic human pathogen. Previous studies have shown that PAPI-1 enc...

    Toan Phuoc Hong, Michelle Q. Carter, Paolo Struffi, Stefano Casonato, Youai Hao, Joseph S. Lam, Stephen Lory and Olivier Jousson

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:31

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  8. Researc article

    Do biofilm communities respond to the chemical signatures of fracking? A test involving streams in North-central Arkansas

    Unconventional natural gas (UNG) extraction (fracking) is ongoing in 29 North American shale basins (20 states), with ~6000 wells found within the Fayetteville shale (north-central Arkansas). If the chemical s...

    Wilson H. Johnson, Marlis R. Douglas, Jeffrey A. Lewis, Tara N. Stuecker, Franck G. Carbonero, Bradley J. Austin, Michelle A. Evans-White, Sally A. Entrekin and Michael E. Douglas

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:29

    Published on: 3 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Origins and global context of Brucella abortus in Italy

    Brucellosis is a common and chronic disease of cattle and other bovids that often causes reproductive disorders. Natural infection in cattle is caused by Brucella abortus and transmission typically occurs during ...

    Giuliano Garofolo, Elisabetta Di Giannatale, Ilenia Platone, Katiuscia Zilli, Lorena Sacchini, Anna Abass, Massimo Ancora, Cesare Cammà, Guido Di Donato, Fabrizio De Massis, Paolo Calistri, Kevin P. Drees and Jeffrey T. Foster

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:28

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Binding site of restriction-modification system controller protein in Mollicutes

    Bacteria of the class Mollicutes underwent extreme reduction of genomes and gene expression control systems. Only a few regulators are known to date. In this work, we describe a novel group of transcriptional ...

    Gleb Y. Fisunov, Daria V. Evsyutina, Valentin A. Manuvera and Vadim M. Govorun

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:26

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  11. Research article

    Decision criteria for MALDI-TOF MS-based identification of filamentous fungi using commercial and in-house reference databases

    Several Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight mass spectrometry protocols, which differ in identification criteria, have been developed for mold and dermatophyte identification. Currently,...

    Anne-Cécile Normand, Carole Cassagne, Magali Gautier, Pierre Becker, Stéphane Ranque, Marijke Hendrickx and Renaud Piarroux

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:25

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  12. Researc article

    Occurrence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in cattle feces and contamination of carcass and various contact surfaces in abattoir and butcher shops of Hawassa, Ethiopia

    Despite of the sanitation measures in municipal abattoirs to reduce contamination, Escherichia coli continues to be a health hazard. The present study was conducted on 150 apparently healthy slaughtered cattle at...

    Biruhtesfa Atnafie, Degmawi Paulos, Mesele Abera, Genene Tefera, Dereje Hailu, Surafel Kasaye and Kebede Amenu

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:24

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  13. Methodology article

    Optimisation of methods for bacterial skin microbiome investigation: primer selection and comparison of the 454 versus MiSeq platform

    The composition of the skin microbiome is predicted to play a role in the development of conditions such as atopic eczema and psoriasis. 16S rRNA gene sequencing allows the investigation of bacterial microbiot...

    Madhura Castelino, Stephen Eyre, John Moat, Graeme Fox, Paul Martin, Pauline Ho, Mathew Upton and Anne Barton

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:23

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Genomic and transcriptomic comparison between Staphylococcus aureus strains associated with high and low within herd prevalence of intra-mammary infection

    Staphylococcus aureus (Staph. aureus) is one of the major pathogens causing mastitis in dairy ruminants worldwide. The chronic nature of Staph. aureus infection enhances the contagious...

    E. Capra, P. Cremonesi, A. Pietrelli, S. Puccio, M. Luini, A. Stella and B. Castiglioni

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:21

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  15. Research article

    The respiratory microbiome in bronchial mucosa and secretions from severe IgE-mediated asthma patients

    The bronchial microbiome in chronic lung diseases presents an abnormal pattern, but its microbial composition and regional differences in severe asthma have not been sufficiently addressed. The aim of the stud...

    Laura Millares, Guadalupe Bermudo, Vicente Pérez-Brocal, Christian Domingo, Marian Garcia-Nuñez, Xavier Pomares, Andrés Moya and Eduard Monsó

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:20

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  16. Research article

    Dietary pea fiber increases diversity of colonic methanogens of pigs with a shift from Methanobrevibacter to Methanomassiliicoccus-like genus and change in numbers of three hydrogenotrophs

    Pea fiber (PF) is a potential fibrous supplement in swine production. The influence of dietary PF on microbial community in the colon of pigs remains largely unexplored. Methanogens in the hindgut of monogastr...

    Yuheng Luo, Hong Chen, Bing Yu, Jun He, Ping Zheng, Xiangbing Mao, Gang Tian, Jie Yu, Zhiqing Huang, Junqiu Luo and Daiwen Chen

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:17

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  17. Research article

    Identification of a novel bovine enterovirus possessing highly divergent amino acid sequences in capsid protein

    Bovine enterovirus (BEV) belongs to the species Enterovirus E or F, genus Enterovirus and family Picornaviridae. Although numerous studies have identified BEVs in the feces of cattle with diarrhea, the pathogenic...

    Shinobu Tsuchiaka, Sayed Samim Rahpaya, Konosuke Otomaru, Hiroshi Aoki, Mai Kishimoto, Yuki Naoi, Tsutomu Omatsu, Kaori Sano, Sachiko Okazaki-Terashima, Yukie Katayama, Mami Oba, Makoto Nagai and Tetsuya Mizutani

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:18

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  18. Researc article

    A novel quantitative PCR detects Babesia infection in patients not identified by currently available non-nucleic acid amplification tests

    Ticks transmit Babesia microti, the causative agents of babesiosis in North America and Europe. Babesiosis is now endemic in Northeastern USA and affects people of all ages. Babesia species infect erythrocytes an...

    Lavoisier Akoolo, Samantha Schlachter, Rasel Khan, Laura Alter, Albert D. Rojtman, Kristine Gedroic, Purnima Bhanot and Nikhat Parveen

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:16

    Published on: 14 January 2017

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