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  1. Research article

    Cytotoxic Necrotizing Factor-1 (CNF1) does not promote E. coli infection in a murine model of ascending pyelonephritis

    Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most common and costly infections in both hospitalized and ambulatory patients. Uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) represent the majority of UTI isolates and are a diverse g...

    Jason E. Michaud, Kwang Sik Kim, William Harty, Matthew Kasprenski and Ming-Hsien Wang

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:127

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Comparison of biomarker based Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and conventional methods in the identification of clinically relevant bacteria and yeast

    MALDI-TOF MS is an analytical method that has recently become integral in the identification of microorganisms in clinical laboratories. It relies on databases that majorly employ pattern recognition or finger...

    Ali Kassim, Valentin Pflüger, Zul Premji, Claudia Daubenberger and Gunturu Revathi

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:128

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Site-specific His/Asp phosphoproteomic analysis of prokaryotes reveals putative targets for drug resistance

    Phosphorylation of amino acid residues on proteins is an important and common post-translational modification in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Most research work has been focused on phosphorylation of serin...

    Shu-Jung Lai, I-Fan Tu, Wan-Ling Wu, Jhih-Tian Yang, Louis Y. P. Luk, Mei-Chin Lai, Yu-Hsuan Tsai and Shih-Hsiung Wu

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:123

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  4. Research article

    In vitro assessment of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10 for its potential use in the food industry

    Selection of a microbial strain for the incorporation into food products requires in vitro and in vivo evaluations. A bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacterium (LAB), Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10, isolated fro...

    Sahar Abbasiliasi, Joo Shun Tan, Fatemeh Bashokouh, Tengku Azmi Tengku Ibrahim, Shuhaimi Mustafa, Faezeh Vakhshiteh, Subhashini Sivasamboo and Arbakariya B. Ariff

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:121

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Association between body mass index and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio in an adult Ukrainian population

    Metagenomic studies confirm that obesity is associated with a composition of gut microbiota. There are some controversies, however, about the composition of gut microbial communities in obese individuals in di...

    Alexander Koliada, Ganna Syzenko, Vladislav Moseiko, Liudmyla Budovska, Kostiantyn Puchkov, Vyacheslav Perederiy, Yuriy Gavalko, Andriy Dorofeyev, Maryana Romanenko, Sergiy Tkach, Lyudmila Sineok, Oleh Lushchak and Alexander Vaiserman

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:120

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Investigation of optimum ohmic heating conditions for inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes in apple juice

    Control of foodborne pathogens is an important issue for the fruit juice industry and ohmic heating treatment has been considered as one of the promising antimicrobial interventions. However, to date, evaluati...

    Il-Kyu Park, Jae-Won Ha and Dong-Hyun Kang

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:117

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Gene expression of Vibrio parahaemolyticus growing in laboratory isolation conditions compared to those common in its natural ocean environment

    Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an autochthonous marine bacterial species comprising strains able to grow in broth containing bile salts at 37 °C, a condition seldom found in the ocean. How...

    Katherine García, Cristian Yáñez, Nicolás Plaza, Francisca Peña, Pedro Sepúlveda, Diliana Pérez-Reytor and Romilio T. Espejo

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:118

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Characterization of novel Omp31 antigenic epitopes of Brucella melitensis by monoclonal antibodies

    Brucellosis is a severe zoonotic disease worldwide. Detection and identification of Brucella species are essential to prevent or treat brucellosis in humans and animals. The outer membrane protein-31 (Omp31) is a...

    Jinfeng Li, Feihuan Hu, Shouyi Chen, Peifang Luo, Zuoping He, Wenjing Wang, Jean-Pierre Allain and Chengyao Li

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:115

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Diversity, in-vitro virulence traits and antifungal susceptibility pattern of gastrointestinal yeast flora of healthy poultry, Gallus gallus domesticus

    Poultry farming and consumption of poultry (Gallus gallus domesticus) meat and eggs are common gastronomical practices worldwide. Till now, a detailed understanding about the gut colonisation of Gallus gallus dom...

    Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Nawal Kishor Sharan, Bharat Prasad Baral, Deependra Hamal, Niranjan Nayak, Peralam Yegneswaran Prakash, Brijesh Sathian, Indira Bairy and Shishir Gokhale

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:113

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  10. Methodology Article

    Identification and quantification of virulence factors of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli by high-resolution melting curve quantitative PCR

    Diagnosis of enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) associated diarrhea is complicated by the diversity of E.coli virulence factors. This study developed a multiplex quantitative PCR assay based on high-resolution meltin...

    Weilan Wang, Ruurd T. Zijlstra and Michael G. Gänzle

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:114

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  11. Research article

    FilmArray™ GI panel performance for the diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis or hemorragic diarrhea

    Acute gastroenteritis is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in humans worldwide. The rapid and specific identification of infectious agents is crucial for correct patient management. However, diagnosis ...

    Antonio Piralla, Giovanna Lunghi, Gianluigi Ardissino, Alessia Girello, Marta Premoli, Erika Bava, Milena Arghittu, Maria Rosaria Colombo, Alessandra Cognetto, Patrizia Bono, Giulia Campanini, Piero Marone and Fausto Baldanti

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:111

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Transposon insertion sequencing reveals T4SS as the major genetic trait for conjugation transfer of multi-drug resistance pEIB202 from Edwardsiella

    Conjugation is a major type of horizontal transmission of genes that involves transfer of a plasmid into a recipient using specific conjugation machinery, which results in an extended spectrum of bacterial ant...

    Yang Liu, Yanan Gao, Xiaohong Liu, Qin Liu, Yuanxing Zhang, Qiyao Wang and Jingfan Xiao

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:112

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  13. Research article

    Influence of chronic azithromycin treatment on the composition of the oropharyngeal microbial community in patients with severe asthma

    This study of the oropharyngeal microbiome complements the previously published AZIthromycin in Severe ASThma (AZISAST) clinical trial, where the use of azithromycin was assessed in subjects with exacerbation-...

    Guido Lopes dos Santos Santiago, Guy Brusselle, Kenny Dauwe, Pieter Deschaght, Chris Verhofstede, Dries Vaneechoutte, Ellen Deschepper, Paul Jordens, Guy Joos and Mario Vaneechoutte

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:109

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  14. Research article

    When more is less: Emergent suppressive interactions in three-drug combinations

    In drug-drug interactions, there are surprising cases in which the growth inhibition of bacteria by a single antibiotic decreases when a second antibiotic is added. These interactions are termed suppressive an...

    Casey Beppler, Elif Tekin, Cynthia White, Zhiyuan Mao, Jeffrey H. Miller, Robert Damoiseaux, Van M. Savage and Pamela J. Yeh

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:107

    Published on: 6 May 2017

  15. Research article

    In vitro and in vivo antagonistic activity of new probiotic culture against Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens

    Genus Clostridium accompanies more than 200 known species and at least 30 among them are associated with human and animal diseases. At the moment, the treatment of clostridial infections is based on use of antibi...

    Nataša Golić, Katarina Veljović, Nikola Popović, Jelena Djokić, Ivana Strahinić, Igor Mrvaljević and Amarela Terzić-Vidojević

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:108

    Published on: 6 May 2017

  16. Research article

    Colonization patterns of Enterococcus cecorum in two different broiler production cycles detected with a newly developed quantitative real-time PCR

    Although Enterococcus cecorum (EC) infection is one of the most important bacterial diseases in modern broiler chickens today, many aspects of epidemiology and pathogenesis are still unknown. There is a need for ...

    Arne Jung, Henning Petersen, Lydia Teske and Silke Rautenschlein

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:106

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  17. Researc article

    Nationwide molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus responsible for horse infections in France

    The epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated in horse infections is not well documented, especially in France. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of MRSA isolat...

    François Guérin, Marguerite Fines-Guyon, Pierrick Meignen, Géraldine Delente, Caroline Fondrinier, Nancy Bourdon, Vincent Cattoir and Albertine Léon

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:104

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  18. Methodology Article

    Simultaneous detection of chikungunya virus, dengue virus and human pathogenic Leptospira genomes using a multiplex TaqMan® assay

    In 2005–2006 a major epidemics of Chikungunya disease occurred in South-West Indian Ocean islands. In Reunion Island, the magnitude of Chikungunya infection related symptoms was high and with over 38% of serol...

    Claude Giry, Bénédicte Roquebert, Ghislaine Li-Pat-Yuen, Philippe Gasque and Marie-Christine Jaffar-Bandjee

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:105

    Published on: 3 May 2017

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