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  1. The fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene produces high levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in axenic cultures and during plant infection. We generated a suppression subtractive hybridization...

    Authors: Véronique Chagué, Rudy Maor and Amir Sharon
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:173
  2. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine contagious pleuropneumonia, a highly contagious respiratory infection in pigs, and all the 15 serotypes are able to cause disease. Current vaccine...

    Authors: Yonghong Liao, Junhua Deng, Anding Zhang, Mingguang Zhou, Yong Hu, Huanchun Chen and Meilin Jin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:172
  3. Escherichia coli have been found in increased numbers in tissues from patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and adherent-invasive E. coli have been found in resected ileum from patients with Crohn's dise...

    Authors: Andreas M Petersen, Eva M Nielsen, Eva Litrup, Jørn Brynskov, Hengameh Mirsepasi and Karen A Krogfelt
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:171
  4. Pathogens tolerate stress conditions that include low pH, oxidative stress, high salt and high temperature in order to survive inside and outside their hosts. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which forms the outer-le...

    Authors: Verena Karsten, Sean R Murray, Jeremy Pike, Kimberly Troy, Martina Ittensohn, Manvel Kondradzhyan, K Brooks Low and David Bermudes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:170
  5. Bacteriophages can be successfully applied to treat infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Until now no attempts have been undertaken to treat infections in immunosuppressed patients with phages. ...

    Authors: Michał Zimecki, Jolanta Artym, Maja Kocięba, Beata Weber-Dąbrowska, Jan Borysowski and Andrzej Górski
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:169
  6. It has long been recognized that Klebsiella pneumoniae can grow anaerobically on citrate. Genes responsible for citrate fermentation of K. pneumoniae were known to be located in a 13-kb gene cluster on the chromo...

    Authors: Ying-Tsong Chen, Tsai-Lien Liao, Keh-Ming Wu, Tsai-Ling Lauderdale, Jing-Jou Yan, I-Wen Huang, Min-Chi Lu, Yi-Chyi Lai, Yen-Ming Liu, Hung-Yu Shu, Jin-Town Wang, Ih-Jen Su and Shih-Feng Tsai
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:168
  7. Amino acid substitutions in the target enzyme Erg11p of azole antifungals contribute to clinically-relevant azole resistance in Candida albicans. A simple molecular method for rapid detection of ERG11 gene mutati...

    Authors: Huiping Wang, Fanrong Kong, Tania C Sorrell, Bin Wang, Paul McNicholas, Namfon Pantarat, David Ellis, Meng Xiao, Fred Widmer and Sharon CA Chen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:167
  8. L-arabitol dehydrogenase (LAD) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) are involved in the degradation of L-arabinose and D-xylose, which are among the most abundant monosaccharides on earth. Previous data demonstrate...

    Authors: Lucy Rutten, Cecile Ribot, Blanca Trejo-Aguilar, Han AB Wösten and Ronald P de Vries
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:166
  9. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus type one (HIV-1) is the major causing pathogen of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). A large number of HIV-1-related studies are based on three non-human model ani...

    Authors: Fan-Kai Lin, Chia-Lin Pan, Jinn-Moon Yang, Trees-Juen Chuang and Feng-Chi Chen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:164
  10. The salivary mucin MUC7 (previously known as MG2) can adhere to various strains of streptococci that are primary colonizers and predominant microorganisms of the oral cavity. Although there is a growing intere...

    Authors: Mehmet Kesimer, Nedret Kiliç, Ravi Mehrotra, David J Thornton and John K Sheehan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:163
  11. Clostridium perfringens is a medically important clostridial pathogen causing diseases in man and animals. To invade, multiply and colonize tissues of the host, a pathogen must be able to evade host immune system...

    Authors: Syed Imteyaz Alam, Sunita Bansod, Ravi Bhushan Kumar, Nabonita Sengupta and Lokendra Singh
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:162
  12. During the course of a bacterial infection, the rapid identification of the causative agent(s) is necessary for the determination of effective treatment options. We have developed a method based on a modified ...

    Authors: Anna-Kaarina Järvinen, Sanna Laakso, Pasi Piiparinen, Anne Aittakorpi, Merja Lindfors, Laura Huopaniemi, Heli Piiparinen and Minna Mäki
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:161
  13. Campylobacter jejuni is a gastrointestinal pathogen of humans, but part of the normal flora of poultry, and therefore grows well at the respective body temperatures of 37°C and 42°C. Proteomic studies on temperat...

    Authors: Kimberly M Rathbun, Johanna E Hall and Stuart A Thompson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:160
  14. Mycobacterium avium includes the subspecies avium, silvaticum, paratuberculosis and hominissuis, and M. avium subspecies has been isolated from various environments all over the world including from biofilms in w...

    Authors: Tone Bjordal Johansen, Angelika Agdestein, Ingrid Olsen, Sigrun Fredsvold Nilsen, Gudmund Holstad and Berit Djønne
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:159
  15. The hemibiotrophic fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa is the causal agent of Witches' broom, a disease of Theobroma cacao. The pathogen life cycle ends with the production of basidiocarps in dead tissues of the inf...

    Authors: Acássia BL Pires, Karina P Gramacho, Delmira C Silva, Aristóteles Góes-Neto, Mylene M Silva, Jairo S Muniz-Sobrinho, Ricardo F Porto, Cristiano Villela-Dias, Martin Brendel, Júlio CM Cascardo and Gonçalo AG Pereira
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:158
  16. Streptomyces coelicolor is the most studied Streptomyces species and an excellent model for studying differentiation and antibiotic production. To date, many genes have been identified to be required for its diff...

    Authors: Pengfei Xie, Ana Zeng and Zhongjun Qin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:157
  17. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a capsulated Gram negative bacterial pathogen and a frequent cause of nosocomial infections. Despite its clinical relevance, little is known about the features of the interaction between

    Authors: Victoria Cano, David Moranta, Enrique Llobet-Brossa, José Antonio Bengoechea and Junkal Garmendia
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:156
  18. With the exception of M. tuberculosis, little has been published on the problems of cross-contamination in bacteriology laboratories. We performed a retrospective analysis of subtyping data from the National Salm...

    Authors: Niall De Lappe, Jean O Connor, Geraldine Doran, Genevieve Devane and Martin Cormican
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:155
  19. Functional screens based on dsRNA-mediated gene silencing identified several Anopheles gambiae genes that limit Plasmodium berghei infection. However, some of the genes identified in these screens have no effect ...

    Authors: Giovanna Jaramillo-Gutierrez, Janneth Rodrigues, Georges Ndikuyeze, Michael Povelones, Alvaro Molina-Cruz and Carolina Barillas-Mury
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:154
  20. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) colonizes the ovary and oviduct of chickens without causing overt clinical signs which can lead to SE-contamination of the content and membrane of shell-eggs as well a...

    Authors: Katie L Ebers, C Yan Zhang, M Zhenyu Zhang, R Hartford Bailey and Shuping Zhang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:153
  21. Acquiring a highly stable photonic plasmid in transformed Salmonella Typhimurium for use in biophotonic studies of bacterial tracking in vivo is critical to experimental paradigm development. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Keesla Moulton, Peter Ryan, Donald Lay and Scott Willard
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:152
  22. The development of a new cold-active β-D-galactosidases and microorganisms that efficiently ferment lactose is of high biotechnological interest, particularly for lactose removal in milk and dairy products at ...

    Authors: Piotr Hildebrandt, Marta Wanarska and Józef Kur
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:151
  23. The surface of polymeric tracheotomy tubes is a favourable environment for biofilm formation and therefore represents a potential risk factor for the development of pneumonia after tracheotomy. The aim of this in...

    Authors: Michaela Zumtobel, Ojan Assadian, Matthias Leonhard, Maria Stadler and Berit Schneider
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:150
  24. Methanogenic Archaea play key metabolic roles in anaerobic ecosystems, where they use H2 and other substrates to produce methane. Methanococcus maripaludis is a model for studies of the global response to nutrien...

    Authors: Qiangwei Xia, Tiansong Wang, Erik L Hendrickson, Thomas J Lie, Murray Hackett and John A Leigh
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:149
  25. The Double-Layer Agar (DLA) technique is extensively used in phage research to enumerate and identify phages and to isolate mutants and new phages. Many phages form large and well-defined plaques that are easi...

    Authors: Sílvio B Santos, Carla M Carvalho, Sanna Sillankorva, Ana Nicolau, Eugénio C Ferreira and Joana Azeredo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:148
  26. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) produce attaching/effacing (A/E) lesions on eukaryotic cells mediated by the outer membrane adhesin intimin. EPEC are sub-grouped into typical (tEPEC) and atypical (aEPEC)...

    Authors: Denise Yamamoto, Rodrigo T Hernandes, Miguel Blanco, Lilo Greune, M Alexander Schmidt, Sylvia M Carneiro, Ghizlane Dahbi, Jesús E Blanco, Azucena Mora, Jorge Blanco and Tânia AT Gomes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:146

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2009 9:235

  27. Since 1994, Brucella strains have been isolated from a wide range of marine mammals. They are currently recognized as two new Brucella species, B. pinnipedialis for the pinniped isolates and B. ceti for the cetac...

    Authors: Marianne Maquart, Philippe Le Flèche, Geoffrey Foster, Morten Tryland, Françoise Ramisse, Berit Djønne, Sascha Al Dahouk, Isabelle Jacques, Heinrich Neubauer, Karl Walravens, Jacques Godfroid, Axel Cloeckaert and Gilles Vergnaud
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:145
  28. Bovine tuberculosis (BTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, has remained a major source of concern to public health officials in Zambia. Previous investigations have used traditional epidemiological methods that ar...

    Authors: Musso Munyeme, Leen Rigouts, Isdore Chola Shamputa, John Bwalya Muma, Morten Tryland, Eystein Skjerve and Berit Djønne
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:144
  29. Symbiotic N2 fixation in legumes is constrained by many factors, including the paucity of suitable soil rhizobia To maximise growth of legume species therefore often requires the application of effective rhizo...

    Authors: Amy C Spriggs and Felix D Dakora
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:142
  30. Among the members of the genus Bordetella B. petrii is unique, since it is the only species isolated from the environment, while the pathogenic Bordetellae are obligately associated with host organisms. Another f...

    Authors: Melanie Lechner, Karin Schmitt, Susanne Bauer, David Hot, Christine Hubans, Erwan Levillain, Camille Locht, Yves Lemoine and Roy Gross
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:141
  31. Surface waters quality has declined in developing countries due to rapid industrialization and population growth. The microbiological quality of river Ganga, a life-sustaining surface water resource for large ...

    Authors: Pushpa Lata, Siya Ram, Madhoolika Agrawal and Rishi Shanker
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:140
  32. Mycoplasma genitalium is an emerging sexually transmitted pathogen that has been associated with significant reproductive tract inflammatory syndromes in women. In addition, the strong association between severit...

    Authors: Chris L McGowin, Vsevolod L Popov and Richard B Pyles
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:139
  33. All human pathogenic Yersinia species share a virulence-associated type III secretion system that translocates Yersinia effector proteins into host cells to counteract infection-induced signaling responses and pr...

    Authors: Georgia Vlahou, Oxana Schmidt, Bettina Wagner, Handan Uenlue, Petra Dersch, Francisco Rivero and Barbara A Weissenmayer
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:138
  34. Genes orthologous to the ybaB loci of Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae are widely distributed among eubacteria. Several years ago, the three-dimensional structures of the YbaB orthologs of both E. coli

    Authors: Anne E Cooley, Sean P Riley, Keith Kral, M Clarke Miller, Edward DeMoll, Michael G Fried and Brian Stevenson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:137
  35. Contamination of endoscopy equipment by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) frequently occurs after endoscopic examination of H. pylori-infected patients. In the hospital, manual pre-cleaning and soaking in glutarald...

    Authors: Hung-Chuan Chiu, Tzu-Lung Lin, Jyh-Chin Yang and Jin-Town Wang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:136
  36. The nontoxigenic V. cholerae El Tor strains ferment sorbitol faster than the toxigenic strains, hence fast-fermenting and slow-fermenting strains are defined by sorbitol fermentation test. This test has been used...

    Authors: Ruibai Wang, Hongzhi Zhang, Haiyan Qiu, Shouyi Gao and Biao Kan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:135
  37. The positive antimicrobial effects of increasing concentrations of thiocyanate (SCN-) and H2O2 on the human peroxidase defence system are well known. However, little is known about the quantitative efficacy of th...

    Authors: A Welk, Ch Meller, R Schubert, Ch Schwahn, A Kramer and H Below
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:134
  38. The KdpD/KdpE two-component system of Escherichia coli regulates expression of the kdpFABC operon encoding the high affinity K+ transport system KdpFABC. The input domain of KdpD comprises a domain that belongs t...

    Authors: Ralf Heermann, Marie-Luise Lippert and Kirsten Jung
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:133
  39. Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) strains of serotype O1:K1:H7/NM are frequently implicated in neonatal meningitis, urinary tract infections and septicemia in humans. They are also commonly isol...

    Authors: Azucena Mora, Cecilia López, Ghizlane Dabhi, Miguel Blanco, Jesús E Blanco, María Pilar Alonso, Alexandra Herrera, Rosalía Mamani, Stéphane Bonacorsi, Maryvonne Moulin-Schouleur and Jorge Blanco
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:132
  40. Bacterial genomes are mosaic structures composed of genes present in every strain of the same species (core genome), and genes present in some but not all strains of a species (accessory genome). The aim of th...

    Authors: Magdalena Wiesner, Mussaret B Zaidi, Edmundo Calva, Marcos Fernández-Mora, Juan J Calva and Claudia Silva
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:131
  41. Chlamydiosis and Q fever, two zoonosis, are important causes of ruminants' abortion around the world. They are caused respectively by strictly intracellular and Gram negative bacterium Chlamydophila abortus (Cp. ...

    Authors: Mustapha Berri, Abdessalem Rekiki, Karim Sidi Boumedine and Annie Rodolakis
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:130
  42. Due to the widespread abusage of antibiotics, antibiotic-resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) has been increasing quickly in recent years, and it is obviously urgent to develop new types of anti...

    Authors: Nan Li, Fei Wang, Siqiang Niu, Ju Cao, Kaifeng Wu, Youqiang Li, Nanlin Yin, Xuemei Zhang, Weiliang Zhu and Yibing Yin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:129
  43. The zinc uptake regulator Zur is a Zn2+-sensing metalloregulatory protein involved in the maintenance of bacterial zinc homeostasis. Up to now, regulation of zinc homeostasis by Zur is poorly understood in Y. pes...

    Authors: Yingli Li, Yefeng Qiu, He Gao, Zhaobiao Guo, Yanping Han, Yajun Song, Zongmin Du, Xiaoyi Wang, Dongsheng Zhou and Ruifu Yang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:128
  44. Thiomonas strains are ubiquitous in arsenic-contaminated environments. Differences between Thiomonas strains in the way they have adapted and respond to arsenic have never been studied in detail. For this purpose...

    Authors: Christopher G Bryan, Marie Marchal, Fabienne Battaglia-Brunet, Valérie Kugler, Christelle Lemaitre-Guillier, Didier Lièvremont, Philippe N Bertin and Florence Arsène-Ploetze
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:127
  45. Helicobacter pylori is a major gastric bacterial pathogen. This pathogen has been shown to follow the routes of human migration by their geographical origin and currently the global H. pylori population has been ...

    Authors: Chin Yen Tay, Hazel Mitchell, Quanjiang Dong, Khean-Lee Goh, Ian W Dawes and Ruiting Lan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:126
  46. Variovorax paradoxus is an aerobic soil bacterium frequently associated with important biodegradative processes in nature. Our group has cultivated a mucoid strain of Variovorax paradoxus for study as a model of ...

    Authors: W David Jamieson, Michael J Pehl, Glenn A Gregory and Paul M Orwin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:124

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