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  1. Tularemia was reported in China over 50 years ago, however, many epidemical characteristics remain unclear. In the present study, the prevalence of Francisella tularensis in ticks was investigated during an epide...

    Authors: Fang Zhang, Wei Liu, Xiao-Ming Wu, Zhong-Tao Xin, Qiu-Min Zhao, Hong Yang and Wu-Chun Cao
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:152
  2. Mouse virulence assessments of certain Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutants have revealed an immunopathology defect in which high tissue CFU counts are observed but the tissue pathology and lethality are reduced. M...

    Authors: Khairul-Bariah Abdul-Majid, Lan H Ly, Paul J Converse, Deborah E Geiman, David N McMurray and William R Bishai
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:151
  3. Group A streptococcus (GAS) causes a wide variety of life threatening diseases in humans and the incidence of such infections is high in developing countries like India. Although distribution of emm types of GAS ...

    Authors: Vivek Sagar, Rajesh Kumar, Nirmal K Ganguly and Anuradha Chakraborti
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:150
  4. To date, only few compounds targeting the AI-2 based quorum sensing (QS) system are known. In the present study, we screened cinnamaldehyde and substituted cinnamaldehydes for their ability to interfere with A...

    Authors: Gilles Brackman, Tom Defoirdt, Carol Miyamoto, Peter Bossier, Serge Van Calenbergh, Hans Nelis and Tom Coenye
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:149
  5. Predicting antibiotic resistance before it emerges at clinical settings constitutes a novel approach for preventing and fighting resistance of bacterial pathogens. To analyse the possibility that novel plasmid...

    Authors: María B Sánchez, Alvaro Hernández, José M Rodríguez-Martínez, Luis Martínez-Martínez and José L Martínez
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:148
  6. The staphylococcal QacA multidrug efflux protein confers resistance to an exceptional number of structurally unrelated antimicrobial compounds. Aromatic amino acid residues have been shown to be highly importa...

    Authors: Jingqin Wu, Karl A Hassan, Ronald A Skurray and Melissa H Brown
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:147
  7. Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) is a zoonotic pathogen, which can be found in many sources including animals and the environment. However, little is known about the molecular relatedness...

    Authors: Seongbeom Cho, Thomas S Whittam, David J Boxrud, Joanne M Bartkus and A Mahdi Saeed
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:146
  8. Francisella tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia, is one of the most infectious human bacterial pathogens. It is phagocytosed by immune cells, such as monocytes and macrophages. The precise mechanisms tha...

    Authors: Monique Barel, Ara G Hovanessian, Karin Meibom, Jean-Paul Briand, Marion Dupuis and Alain Charbit
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:145
  9. Attaching and effacing Escherichia coli (AEEC) are characterized by their ability to cause attaching-and-effacing (A/E) lesions in the gut mucosa of human and animal hosts leading to diarrhoea. The genetic determ...

    Authors: Erik Fröhlicher, Gladys Krause, Claudio Zweifel, Lothar Beutin and Roger Stephan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:144
  10. Breast milk is an important source of staphylococci and other bacterial groups to the infant gut. The objective of this work was to analyse the bacterial diversity in feces of breast-fed infants and to compare...

    Authors: Esther Jiménez, Susana Delgado, Antonio Maldonado, Rebeca Arroyo, Mar Albújar, Natalia García, Manel Jariod, Leonides Fernández, Adolfo Gómez and Juan M Rodríguez
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:143
  11. Cyanopeptolins are nonribosomally produced heptapetides showing a highly variable composition. The cyanopeptolin synthetase operon has previously been investigated in three strains from the genera Microcystis, Pl...

    Authors: Trine B Rounge, Thomas Rohrlack, Tom Kristensen and Kjetill S Jakobsen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:141
  12. Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus (GBS)) is an important human pathogen, particularly of newborns. Emerging evidence for a relationship between genotype and virulence has accentuated the need for ef...

    Authors: Erin Honsa, Thomas Fricke, Alex J Stephens, Danny Ko, Fanrong Kong, Gwendolyn L Gilbert, Flavia Huygens and Philip M Giffard
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:140
  13. Propionibacterium acnes is a commensal of human skin but is also known to be involved in certain diseases, such as acne vulgaris and infections of orthopaedic implants. Treatment of these conditions is complicate...

    Authors: Rolf Lood, Matthias Mörgelin, Anna Holmberg, Magnus Rasmussen and Mattias Collin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:139
  14. Cell-to-cell communication (also referred to as quorum sensing) based on N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) is a widespread response to environmental change in Gram-negative bacteria. AHLs seem to be highly variab...

    Authors: Cristina García-Aljaro, Leo Eberl, Kathrin Riedel and Anicet R Blanch
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:138
  15. Protein A, protein G and protein L are three well-defined immunoglobulin (Ig)-binding proteins (IBPs), which show affinity for specific sites on Ig of mammalian hosts. Although the precise functions of these m...

    Authors: Hua Yang, Jie Cao, Lian-Qing Li, Xia Zhou, Qiu-Li Chen, Wen-Ting Liao, Zong-Mei Wen, Shao-Hua Jiang, Rong Xu, Jian-An Jia, Xin Pan, Zhong-Tian Qi and Wei Pan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:137
  16. Following genital chlamydial infection, an early T helper type 1 (Th1)-associated immune response precedes the activation and recruitment of specific Th1 cells bearing distinct chemokine receptors, subsequentl...

    Authors: Senthilkumar K Sakthivel, Udai P Singh, Shailesh Singh, Dennis D Taub, Joseph U Igietseme and James W Lillard Jr
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:136
  17. In Tanzania, little is known on the species distribution and antifungal susceptibility profiles of yeast isolates from HIV-infected patients with primary and recurrent oropharyngeal candidiasis.

    Authors: Omar JM Hamza, Mecky IN Matee, Mainen J Moshi, Elison NM Simon, Ferdinand Mugusi, Frans HM Mikx, Wim H van Palenstein Helderman, Antonius JMM Rijs, André JAM van der Ven and Paul E Verweij
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:135
  18. Many microbes possess restriction-modification systems that protect them from parasitic DNA molecules. Unfortunately, the presence of a restriction-modification system in a given microbe also hampers genetic a...

    Authors: Neil Hobson, Nancy L Price, Jordan D Ward and Tracy L Raivio
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:134
  19. A disrupted cell cycle progression of hepatocytes was reported in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, which can contribute significantly in the associated pathogenesis. The present study aimed to furthe...

    Authors: Saira Sarfraz, Saeed Hamid, Anwar Siddiqui, Snawar Hussain, Shahid Pervez and Graeme Alexander
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:133
  20. The aim of the study was to detect whether in experimental Salmonella enterica Typhimurium infection the probiotic Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 in combination with fluoroquinolone therapy would eradicate S. Typhi...

    Authors: Kai Truusalu, Raik-Hiio Mikelsaar, Paul Naaber, Tõnis Karki, Tiiu Kullisaar, Mihkel Zilmer and Marika Mikelsaar
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:132
  21. In vitro studies with cell line infection models are beginning to disclose the strategies that Neisseria meningitidis uses to survive and multiply inside the environment of the infected host cell. The goal of thi...

    Authors: Adelfia Talà, Mario De Stefano, Cecilia Bucci and Pietro Alifano
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:131
  22. Several methods have been reported for strain typing of Mycoplasma genitalium. The value of these methods has never been comparatively assessed. The aims of this study were: 1) to identify new potential genetic m...

    Authors: Liang Ma, Stephanie Taylor, Jørgen S Jensen, Leann Myers, Rebecca Lillis and David H Martin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:130
  23. Staphylococcus aureus expresses several proteases, which are thought to contribute to the virulence of this bacterium. Here we focus on aureolysin, the major thermolysin-like metalloprotease. Despite the importan...

    Authors: Artur J Sabat, Benedykt Wladyka, Klaudia Kosowska-Shick, Hajo Grundmann, Jan Maarten van Dijl, Julia Kowal, Peter C Appelbaum, Adam Dubin and Waleria Hryniewicz
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:129
  24. All aerobically grown living cells are exposed to oxidative damage by reactive oxygen species (ROS). A major damage by ROS to proteins is caused by covalent modifications of methionine residues giving methioni...

    Authors: CongHui You, Agnieszka Sekowska, Olivera Francetic, Isabelle Martin-Verstraete, YiPing Wang and Antoine Danchin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:128
  25. Leifsonia xyli is a xylem-inhabiting bacterial species comprised of two subspecies: L. xyli subsp. xyli (Lxx) and L. xyli subsp. cynodontis (Lxc). Lxx is the causal agent of ratoon stunting disease in sugarcane c...

    Authors: Marcelo M Zerillo, Marie-Anne Van Sluys, Luis Eduardo A Camargo and Claudia B Monteiro-Vitorello
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:127
  26. Type 1 fimbriae are the most commonly found fimbrial appendages on the outer membrane of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium. Previous investigations indicate that static broth culture favours S. Typhimurium...

    Authors: Yin-Ching Chuang, Ke-Chuan Wang, Yi-Tseng Chen, Chia-Huei Yang, Shang-Chin Men, Chia-Chun Fan, Li-Huan Chang and Kuang-Sheng Yeh
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:126
  27. The microbiota of an animal's intestinal tract plays important roles in the animal's overall health, productivity and well-being. There is still a scarcity of information on the microbial diversity in the gut ...

    Authors: Scot E Dowd, Todd R Callaway, Randall D Wolcott, Yan Sun, Trevor McKeehan, Robert G Hagevoort and Thomas S Edrington
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:125
  28. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a human pathogen that is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia. It harbours a large number of lipoprotein genes, most of which are of unknown function. Because of their location ...

    Authors: Katri M Hallamaa, Sen-Lin Tang, Nino Ficorilli and Glenn F Browning
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:124
  29. Comparative morphological studies and environmental sequencing surveys indicate that marine benthic environments contain a diverse assortment of microorganisms that are just beginning to be explored and charac...

    Authors: Chitchai Chantangsi, Heather J Esson and Brian S Leander
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:123
  30. Yersinia pestis is the causative agent of plague and a potential agent of bioterrorism and biowarfare. The plague biothreat and the emergence of multidrug-resistant plague underscore the need to increase our unde...

    Authors: Karen L Stirrett, Julian A Ferreras, Sebastian M Rossi, Richard L Moy, Fabio V Fonseca and Luis EN Quadri
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:122
  31. The sequenced genomes of the Brucella spp. have two urease operons, ure-1 and ure-2, but there is evidence that only one is responsible for encoding an active urease. The present work describes the purification a...

    Authors: Araceli Contreras-Rodriguez, Jose Quiroz-Limon, Ana M Martins, Humberto Peralta, Eric Avila-Calderon, Nammalwar Sriranganathan, Stephen M Boyle and Ahide Lopez-Merino
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:121
  32. Recent studies showed that Helicobacter pylori existed in the New World prior to the arrival of Columbus. The purpose of the present study was to detect the presence of Helicobacter pylori in pre-Columbian mummie...

    Authors: Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas, Marco A Cerbón and Yolanda López-Vidal
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:119
  33. Dengue (DEN) is an infectious disease caused by the DEN virus (DENV), which belongs to the Flavivirus genus in the family Flaviviridae. It has a (+) sense RNA genome and is mainly transmitted to humans by the vec...

    Authors: Catalina E Gardella-Garcia, Gerardo Perez-Ramirez, Joel Navarrete-Espinosa, Alejandro Cisneros, Fabiola Jimenez-Rojas, Luis R Ramírez-Palacios, Rocio Rosado-Leon, Minerva Camacho-Nuez and Maria de L Munoz
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:117
  34. Kexin-like proteinases are a subfamily of the subtilisin-like serine proteinases with multiple regulatory functions in eukaryotes. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae the Kex2 protein is biochemically well inve...

    Authors: Oliver Bader, Yannick Krauke and Bernhard Hube
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:116
  35. Flavobacterium columnare is the causative agent of columnaris disease, a disease affecting many freshwater fish species. Methods for the genetic manipulation for some of the species within the Bacteroidetes, incl...

    Authors: Andrew M Staroscik, David W Hunnicutt, Kate E Archibald and David R Nelson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:115
  36. Nervous tissues express various communication molecules including natriuretic peptides, i.e. Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) and C-type Natriuretic Peptide (CNP). These molecules share structural similarities wit...

    Authors: Wilfried Veron, Nicole Orange, Marc GJ Feuilloley and Olivier Lesouhaitier
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:114
  37. The unusual heterodimeric leishmanial DNA topoisomerase IB consists of a large subunit containing the phylogenetically conserved "core" domain, and a small subunit harboring the C-terminal region with the char...

    Authors: Rafael Balaña-Fouce, Carlos García-Estrada, Yolanda Pérez-Pertejo and Rosa M Reguera
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:113
  38. Human papillomavirus (HPV) tests are crucial diagnostic tools for the prevention of neoplastic lesions of the uterine cervix. However most commercial methods are designed to detect high-risk (HR) HPV types and...

    Authors: Stefano Menzo, Andrea Ciavattini, Patrizia Bagnarelli, Katia Marinelli, Stefano Sisti and Massimo Clementi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:112
  39. Vibrio parahaemolyticus is abundant in the aquatic environment particularly in warmer waters and is the leading cause of seafood borne gastroenteritis worldwide. Prior to 1995, numerous V. parahaemolyticus serogr...

    Authors: E Fidelma Boyd, Ana Luisa V Cohen, Lynn M Naughton, David W Ussery, Tim T Binnewies, O Colin Stine and Michelle A Parent
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:110
  40. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most relevant human opportunistic bacterial pathogens. Two strains (PAO1 and PA14) have been mainly used as models for studying virulence of P. aeruginosa. The strain PA14 is ...

    Authors: Sergio Carilla-Latorre, Javier Calvo-Garrido, Gareth Bloomfield, Jason Skelton, Robert R Kay, Alasdair Ivens, José L Martinez and Ricardo Escalante
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:109
  41. The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is a collection of nine genotypically distinct but phenotypically similar species. They show wide ecological diversity and include species that are used for promoting plant ...

    Authors: Ben Ryall, Xiaoyun Lee, James EA Zlosnik, Saiko Hoshino and Huw D Williams
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:108
  42. Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of inflammatory diarrhoea in humans and is considered a commensal of the gastroenteric tract of the avian host. However, little is known about the interaction between C. jeju...

    Authors: Yi-Ping Li, Hanne Ingmer, Mogens Madsen and Dang D Bang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:107
  43. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited multi-system disorder characterised by chronic airway infection with pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

    Authors: Ian J Clifton, Louise A Fletcher, Clive B Beggs, Miles Denton and Daniel G Peckham
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:105
  44. Among tuberculosis (TB) high incidence regions, Sub-Saharan Africa is particularly affected with approx. 1.6 million new cases every year. Besides this dramatic situation, data on the diversity of Mycobacterium t...

    Authors: Susanne Homolka, Erik Post, Barbara Oberhauser, Abu Garawani George, Lars Westman, Foday Dafae, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes and Stefan Niemann
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:103

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