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  1. Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacterium known for producing protein crystals with insecticidal properties. These toxins are widely sought after for controlling agricultural pests due to both their specificity and t...

    Authors: Joanne Rampersad and David Ammons
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:52
  2. The current model for the developmental cycle of Streptomyces confluent cultures on agar surface is based on the assumption that the only differentiation takes place along the transverse axis (bottom-up): a veget...

    Authors: Angel Manteca, Marisol Fernandez and Jesus Sanchez
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:51
  3. The sexually transmitted disease, gonorrhea, is a serious health problem in developed as well as in developing countries, for which treatment continues to be a challenge. The recent completion of the genome se...

    Authors: Thomas Brettin, Michael R Altherr, Ying Du, Roxie M Mason, Alexandra Friedrich, Laura Potter, Chris Langford, Thomas J Keller, Jason Jens, Heather Howie, Nathan J Weyand, Susan Clary, Kimberly Prichard, Susi Wachocki, Erica Sodergren, Joseph P Dillard…
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:50
  4. The metabolism of the rigid bacterial cell wall heteropolymer peptidoglycan is a dynamic process requiring continuous biosynthesis and maintenance involving the coordination of both lytic and synthetic enzymes...

    Authors: Joel T Weadge, John M Pfeffer and Anthony J Clarke
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:49
  5. The oomycete Saprolegnia parasitica is one of the most economically important fish pathogens. There is a dramatic recrudescence of Saprolegnia infections in aquaculture since the use of the toxic organic dye mala...

    Authors: Trudy Torto-Alalibo, Miaoying Tian, Kamal Gajendran, Mark E Waugh, Pieter van West and Sophien Kamoun
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:46
  6. Heterologous prime-boost immunization protocols using different gene expression systems have proven to be successful tools in protecting against various diseases in experimental animal models. The main reason ...

    Authors: SE Aleshin, AV Timofeev, MV Khoretonenko, LG Zakharova, GV Pashvykina, JR Stephenson, AM Shneider and AD Altstein
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:45
  7. Population-based bacterial genetics using repeated DNA loci is an efficient approach to study the biodiversity and phylogeographical structure of human pathogens, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the agent of ...

    Authors: Thierry Zozio, Caroline Allix, Selami Gunal, Zeynep Saribas, Alpaslan Alp, Riza Durmaz, Maryse Fauville-Dufaux, Nalin Rastogi and Christophe Sola
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:44
  8. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). With chronicity of infection, the organism resides as a biofilm, shows multi-drug resistance, diversif...

    Authors: Gunjan Agarwal, Arti Kapil, Susheel Kumar Kabra, Bimal Kumar Das and Sada Nand Dwivedi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:43
  9. Salmonella enterica subspecies I includes several closely related serovars which differ in host ranges and ability to cause disease. The basis for the diversity in host range and pathogenic potential of the serov...

    Authors: Vesela Encheva, Robin Wait, Saheer E Gharbia, Shajna Begum and Haroun N Shah
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:42
  10. Metal reduction is thought to take place at or near the bacterial outer membrane and, thus, outer membrane proteins in the model dissimilatory metal-reducing organism Geobacter sulfurreducens are of interest to u...

    Authors: Eman Afkar, Gemma Reguera, Marianne Schiffer and Derek R Lovley
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:41
  11. Genome-scale flux models are useful tools to represent and analyze microbial metabolism. In this work we reconstructed the metabolic network of the lactic acid bacteria Lactococcus lactis and developed a genome-s...

    Authors: Ana Paula Oliveira, Jens Nielsen and Jochen Förster
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:39
  12. A fundamental question that arises during epidemiological investigations of bacterial disease outbreaks is whether the outbreak strain is genetically related to a proposed index strain. Highly discriminating g...

    Authors: Betsy J Bricker and Darla R Ewalt
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:37
  13. Streptococcus pneumoniae, particularly penicillin-resistant strains (PRSP), constitute one of the most important causes of serious infections worldwide. It is a fastidious microorganism with exquisite nutritional...

    Authors: Andrea V Restrepo, Beatriz E Salazar, María Agudelo, Carlos A Rodriguez, Andres F Zuluaga and Omar Vesga
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:34
  14. Genomic diversity of H. pylori from many different human populations is largely unknown. We compared genomes of 65 H. pylori strains from Nottingham, England. Molecular analysis was carried out to identify rearra...

    Authors: Farhana Kauser, M Abid Hussain, Irshad Ahmed, Sriramula Srinivas, S Manjulata Devi, Ahmed A Majeed, K Rajender Rao, Aleem A Khan, Leonardo A Sechi and Niyaz Ahmed
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:32
  15. Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus; GBS) is a major contributor to obstetric and neonatal bacterial sepsis. Serotype III strains cause the majority of late-onset sepsis and meningitis in babies, and ...

    Authors: Mark A Herbert, Catriona JE Beveridge, David McCormick, Emmelien Aten, Nicola Jones, Lori AS Snyder and Nigel J Saunders
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:31
  16. We correlated genotypes, virulence factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of nosocomially identified Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from clinical specimens to those of environmental isolates encounter...

    Authors: Ghassan M Matar, Mira H Chaar, George F Araj, Zaher Srour, Ghassan Jamaleddine and Usamah Hadi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:29
  17. Micro-biological research relies on the use of model organisms that act as representatives of their species or subspecies, these are frequently well-characterized laboratory strains. However, it has often beco...

    Authors: BR Holland and J Schmid
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:26
  18. Each Caulobacter crescentus cell division yields two distinct cell types: a flagellated swarmer cell and a non-motile stalked cell. The swarmer cell is further distinguished from the stalked cell by an inability ...

    Authors: Jennifer C England and James W Gober
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:25
  19. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is inherently resistant to many antimicrobials. So far, antimicrobial susceptibility tests for S. maltophilia have not been fully standardized. The purpose of the study was to compare...

    Authors: Müşerref Tatman-Otkun, Şaban Gürcan, Burçin Özer, Bayram Aydoslu and Şebnem Bukavaz
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:24
  20. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) share the ability to introduce attaching-and-effacing (A/E) lesions on intestinal cells. The genetic determinants for the ...

    Authors: Miguel Blanco, Sandra Schumacher, Taurai Tasara, Claudio Zweifel, Jesús E Blanco, Ghizlane Dahbi, Jorge Blanco and Roger Stephan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:23
  21. The mechanisms of abortion induced by bacterial infection are largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated abortion induced by Brucella abortus, a causative agent of brucellosis and facultative intracel...

    Authors: Suk Kim, Dong Soo Lee, Kenta Watanabe, Hidefumi Furuoka, Hiroshi Suzuki and Masahisa Watarai
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:22
  22. There are several differences associated with the behaviour of the four main experimental Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains, FA1090, FA19, MS11, and F62. Although there is data concerning the gene complements of thes...

    Authors: Philip W Jordan, Lori AS Snyder and Nigel J Saunders
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:21
  23. Tat is being tested as a component of HIV vaccines. Tat activity has been mainly investigated on cells of lymphoid/hematopoietic lineages. HIV-1, however, is known to infect many different cells of both solid ...

    Authors: Alessia A Bettaccini, Andreina Baj, Roberto S Accolla, Fulvio Basolo and Antonio Q Toniolo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:20
  24. Thousands of different microorganisms affect the health, safety, and economic stability of populations. Many different medical and governmental organizations have created lists of the pathogenic microorganisms...

    Authors: David J Ecker, Rangarajan Sampath, Paul Willett, Jacqueline R Wyatt, Vivek Samant, Christian Massire, Thomas A Hall, Kumar Hari, John A McNeil, Cornelia Büchen-Osmond and Bruce Budowle
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:19
  25. Alkanes have been hypothesized to act as universal inducers of bacterial cytochrome P450 gene expression. We tested this hypothesis on an unusual P450 gene (cyp110) found on a conserved 11 kilobase episomal DNA e...

    Authors: Sergio Torres, Conrad R Fjetland and Peter J Lammers
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:16
  26. The accurate identification of Lactobacillus and other co-isolated bacteria during microbial ecological studies of ecosystems such as the human or animal intestinal tracts and food products is a hard task by phen...

    Authors: João Luiz S Moreira, Rodrigo M Mota, Maria F Horta, Santuza MR Teixeira, Elisabeth Neumann, Jacques R Nicoli and Álvaro C Nunes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:15
  27. Currently, most laboratories identify yeasts routinely on the basis of morphology and biochemical reactivity. This approach has quite often limited discriminatory power and may require long incubation periods....

    Authors: Thierry De Baere, Anne Van Keerberghen, Peter Van Hauwe, Hans De Beenhouwer, An Boel, Gerda Verschraegen, Geert Claeys and Mario Vaneechoutte
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:14
  28. Outbreaks with mass mortality among common carp Cyprinus carpio carpio and koi Cyprinus carpio koi have occurred worldwide since 1998. The herpes-like virus isolated from diseased fish is different from Herpesvir...

    Authors: Herve Bercovier, Yolanta Fishman, Ronen Nahary, Sharon Sinai, Amir Zlotkin, Marina Eyngor, Oren Gilad, Avi Eldar and Ronald P Hedrick
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:13
  29. Rickettsiae closely related to the Malish strain, the reference Rickettsia conorii strain, include Indian tick typhus rickettsia (ITTR), Israeli spotted fever rickettsia (ISFR), and Astrakhan fever rickettsia (AF...

    Authors: Yong Zhu, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Marina Eremeeva and Didier Raoult
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:11
  30. Like many other pathogens, enterohaemorrhagic and enteropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli employ a type-III secretion system to translocate bacterial effector proteins into host cells, where they then disrup...

    Authors: Mark J Pallen, Scott A Beatson and Christopher M Bailey
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:9
  31. Several strains of bacteria have sequenced and annotated genomes, which have been used in conjunction with biochemical and physiological data to reconstruct genome-scale metabolic networks. Such reconstruction...

    Authors: Scott A Becker and Bernhard Ø Palsson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:8
  32. Pertussis toxin (PT) is an exotoxin virulence factor produced by Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough. PT consists of an active subunit (S1) that ADP-ribosylates the alpha subunit of severa...

    Authors: Nicholas H Carbonetti, R Michael Mays, Galina V Artamonova, Roger D Plaut and Zoë EV Worthington
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:7
  33. Chlamydial bacteria are obligate intracellular pathogens containing a cysteine-rich porin (Major Outer Membrane Protein, MOMP) with important structural and, in many species, immunity-related roles. MOMP forms...

    Authors: Heather E Findlay, Heather McClafferty and Richard H Ashley
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:5
  34. Serotyping of O-(lipopolysaccharide) and H-(flagellar) antigens is a wideley used method for identification of pathogenic strains and clones of Escherichia coli. At present, 176 O- and 53 H-antigens are described...

    Authors: Lothar Beutin, Eckhard Strauch, Sonja Zimmermann, Stefan Kaulfuss, Christoph Schaudinn, Andrea Männel and Hans R Gelderblom
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:4

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