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  1. Recent research suggests that alcohol-based skin antiseptics exhibit their efficacy on the resident skin flora of the forehead in less than 10 minutes. That is why we have looked at the efficacy of two ethanol...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Frank-Albert Pitten, Peter Heeg and Bärbel Christiansen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:85
  2. Salmonella enteritidis is suggested to translocate in the small intestine. In vivo it induces gene expression changes in the ileal mucosa and Peyer's patches. Stimulation of Salmonella translocation by dietary pr...

    Authors: Wendy Rodenburg, Jaap Keijer, Evelien Kramer, Susanne Roosing, Carolien Vink, Martijn B Katan, Roelof van der Meer and Ingeborg MJ Bovee-Oudenhoven
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:84
  3. Nucleic acid amplification techniques are being used increasingly in diagnosing tuberculosis. In developing countries clinical samples are often stored for subsequent analysis since molecular tests are conduct...

    Authors: Divya Pathak, Soumitesh Chakravorty, Mahmud Hanif and Jaya Sivaswami Tyagi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:83
  4. The transition from viral latency to lytic growth involves complex interactions among host and viral factors, and the extent to which host physiology is buffered from the virus during induction of lysis is not...

    Authors: Robin E Osterhout, Israel A Figueroa, Jay D Keasling and Adam P Arkin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:82

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2013 13:183

  5. Suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) strategy was used with extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (EXPEC) that cause avian colibacillosis (avian pathogenic E. coli or APEC) and human urinary tract in...

    Authors: Subhashinie Kariyawasam, Jennifer A Scaccianoce and Lisa K Nolan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:81
  6. Bifidobacteria are found at varying prevalence in human microbiota and seem to play an important role in the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Bifidobacteria are highly adapted to the human GIT which is refl...

    Authors: Ueli von Ah, Valeria Mozzetti, Christophe Lacroix, Ehab E Kheadr, Ismaïl Fliss and Leo Meile
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:79
  7. Pathogen identification in clinical routine is based on the cultivation of microbes with subsequent morphological and physiological characterisation lasting at least 24 hours. However, early and accurate ident...

    Authors: Herbert Wiesinger-Mayr, Klemens Vierlinger, Rudolf Pichler, Albert Kriegner, Alexander M Hirschl, Elisabeth Presterl, Levente Bodrossy and Christa Noehammer
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:78
  8. Thermophilic Bacillus strains of phylogenetic Bacillus rRNA group 5 were described as a new genus Geobacillus. Their geographical distribution included oilfields, hay compost, hydrothermal vent or soils. The memb...

    Authors: Raja Noor Zaliha Raja Abd Rahman, Thean Chor Leow, Abu Bakar Salleh and Mahiran Basri
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:77
  9. The Central Asian Strain1 (CAS1) genogroup of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is the most prevalent in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units variable number tandem repeat (M...

    Authors: Asho Ali, Zahra Hasan, Mahnaz Tanveer, Amna R Siddiqui, Solomon Ghebremichael, Gunilla Kallenius and Rumina Hasan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:76
  10. We present a picture of the biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Paraguay, an inland South American country harboring 5 million inhabitants with a tuberculosis notification rate of 38/100,000.

    Authors: Norma Candia, Beatriz Lopez, Thierry Zozio, Marcela Carrivale, Chyntia Diaz, Graciela Russomando, Nilda J de Romero, Juan C Jara, Lucia Barrera, Nalin Rastogi and Viviana Ritacco
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:75
  11. To date, 6 tick-borne rickettsiae pathogenic for humans are known to occur in Africa and 4 of them were first identified in ticks before being recognized as human pathogens.

    Authors: Kotaro Matsumoto, Philippe Parola, Jean-Marc Rolain, Kathryn Jeffery and Didier Raoult
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:74
  12. The application of molecular tools to the analysis of tuberculosis has revealed examples of clonal complexity, such as exogenous reinfection, coinfection, microevolution or compartmentalization. The detection ...

    Authors: Ana Martín, Marta Herránz, María Jesús Ruiz Serrano, Emilio Bouza and Darío García de Viedma
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:73
  13. In Pseudomonas putida and Pseduomonas aeruginosa, the similar PpuR/RsaL/PpuI and LasR/RsaL/LasI acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) quorum sensing (QS) systems have been shown to be under considerable regulation by o...

    Authors: Iris Bertani, Giordano Rampioni, Livia Leoni and Vittorio Venturi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:71
  14. Curli, cellulose and the cell surface protein BapA are matrix components in Salmonella biofilms. In this study we have investigated the roles of these components for the morphology of bacteria grown as colonies o...

    Authors: Kristina Jonas, Henrik Tomenius, Abdul Kader, Staffan Normark, Ute Römling, Lyubov M Belova and Öjar Melefors
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:70
  15. Phospholipid biosynthesis commences with the acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) to form 1-acyl-G3P. This step is catalyzed by the PlsB protein in Escherichia coli. The gene encoding this protein has not been...

    Authors: Mika Yoshimura, Taku Oshima and Naotake Ogasawara
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:69
  16. The impact of infections with the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) for the development of atherosclerosis and restenosis is still unclear. Both a clear correlation and no correlation at all have been reported in c...

    Authors: Rainer Voisard, Tanja Krügers, Barbara Reinhardt, Bianca Vaida, Regine Baur, Tina Herter, Anke Lüske, Dorothea Weckermann, Karl Weingärtner, Wolfgang Rössler, Vinzenz Hombach and Thomas Mertens
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:68
  17. Pathogenic yersiniae (Y. pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis, Y. enterocolitica) share a virulence plasmid encoding a type three secretion system (T3SS). This T3SS comprises more than 40 constituents. Among these are t...

    Authors: Svea Dittmann, Annika Schmid, Susanna Richter, Konrad Trülzsch, Jürgen Heesemann and Gottfried Wilharm
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:67
  18. Bioinformatic analysis of the genome sequence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae revealed the presence of nine probable prophage islands. The distribution, conservation and function of many of these sequences, and their ab...

    Authors: Andrzej Piekarowicz, Aneta Kłyż, Michał Majchrzak, Monika Adamczyk-Popławska, Timothy K Maugel and Daniel C Stein
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:66
  19. Bracoviruses (BVs), a group of double-stranded DNA viruses with segmented genomes, are mutualistic endosymbionts of parasitoid wasps. Virus particles are replication deficient and are produced only by female w...

    Authors: Christopher A Desjardins, Dawn E Gundersen-Rindal, Jessica B Hostetler, Luke J Tallon, Roger W Fuester, Michael C Schatz, Monica J Pedroni, Douglas W Fadrosh, Brian J Haas, Bradley S Toms, Dan Chen and Vishvanath Nene
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:61
  20. Glucosyltransferases (Gtfs), enzymes that produce extracellular glucans from dietary sucrose, contribute to dental plaque formation by Streptococcus gordonii and Streptococcus mutans. The alpha-amylase-binding pr...

    Authors: Biswendu Chaudhuri, Jennifer Rojek, M Margaret Vickerman, Jason M Tanzer and Frank A Scannapieco
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:60
  21. Bacteria of the genus Bartonella are responsible for a large variety of human and animal diseases. Serological typing of Bartonella is a method that can be used for differentiation and identification of Bartonell...

    Authors: Cyrille J Bonhomme, Claude Nappez and Didier Raoult
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:59
  22. Chromobacterium violaceum is a free-living bacterium able to survive under diverse environmental conditions. In this study we evaluate the genetic and physiological diversity of Chromobacterium sp. isolates from ...

    Authors: Cláudia I Lima-Bittencourt, Spartaco Astolfi-Filho, Edmar Chartone-Souza, Fabrício R Santos and Andréa MA Nascimento
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:58
  23. In prokaryotes, the ureases are multi-subunit, nickel-containing enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of urea to carbon dioxide and ammonia. The Brucella genomes contain two urease operons designated as ure 1 and...

    Authors: Aloka B Bandara, Andrea Contreras, Araceli Contreras-Rodriguez, Ana M Martins, Victor Dobrean, Sherry Poff-Reichow, Parthiban Rajasekaran, Nammalwar Sriranganathan, Gerhardt G Schurig and Stephen M Boyle
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:57
  24. The nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) are associated with a spectrum of respiratory mucosal infections including: acute otitis media (AOM); chronic otitis media with effusion (COME); otorrhea; locally ...

    Authors: Farrel J Buchinsky, Michael L Forbes, Jay D Hayes, Kai Shen, Suzanne Ezzo, James Compliment, Justin Hogg, N Luisa Hiller, Fen Ze Hu, J Christopher Post and Garth D Ehrlich
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:56
  25. Listeria monocytogenes has been implicated in several food borne outbreaks as well as sporadic cases of disease. Increased understanding of the biology of this organism is important in the prevention of food b...

    Authors: Jens Bo Andersen, Bent B Roldgaard, Bjarke Bak Christensen and Tine Rask Licht
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:55
  26. Helicobacter pylori infection is exceptionally prevalent and is considered to be acquired primarily early in life through person-to-person transmission within the family. H. pylori is a genetically diverse bacter...

    Authors: Mårten Kivi, Sandra Rodin, Ilya Kupershmidt, Annelie Lundin, Ylva Tindberg, Marta Granström and Lars Engstrand
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:54
  27. Glucose is the preferred carbon and energy source for Escherichia coli. A complex regulatory network coordinates gene expression, transport and enzyme activities in response to the presence of this sugar. To dete...

    Authors: Rosa María Gutierrez-Ríos, Julio A Freyre-Gonzalez, Osbaldo Resendis, Julio Collado-Vides, Milton Saier and Guillermo Gosset
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:53
  28. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem and HIV is the major cause of the increase in TB. Sub-Saharan Africa is endemic for both TB and HIV infection. Determination of the prevalence of M. tuberculosis strain...

    Authors: Gibson S Kibiki, Bert Mulder, Wil MV Dolmans, Jessica L de Beer, Martin Boeree, Noel Sam, Dick van Soolingen, Christophe Sola and Adri GM van der Zanden
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:51
  29. Campylobacter jejuni has been divided into two subspecies: C. jejuni subsp. jejuni (Cjj) and C. jejuni subsp. doylei (Cjd). Nearly all of the C. jejuni strains isolated are Cjj; nevertheless, although Cjd strains...

    Authors: Craig T Parker, William G Miller, Sharon T Horn and Albert J Lastovica
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:50
  30. West Nile virus (WNV) infection can cause severe meningitis and encephalitis in humans. Apoptosis was recently shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of WNV encephalitis. Here, we used WNV-infected glioma cel...

    Authors: Malte C Kleinschmidt, Martin Michaelis, Henry Ogbomo, Hans-Wilhelm Doerr and Jindrich Cinatl Jr
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:49
  31. E. histolytica, a pathogenic amoeba, is indistinguishable in its cyst and trophozoite stages from those of non-pathogenic E. moshkovskii and E. dispar by light microscopy. We have developed a nested multiplex PCR...

    Authors: Krishna Khairnar and Subhash C Parija
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:47
  32. Drug resistance is an emerging problem among streptococcal and enterococcal species. Automated diagnostic systems for species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) have become recently ...

    Authors: Gioconda R Brigante, Francesco A Luzzaro, Beatrice Pini, Gianluigi Lombardi, Gertrude Sokeng and Antonio Q Toniolo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:46
  33. Some isolates of the Liverpool cystic fibrosis epidemic strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exhibit an unusual virulence-related phenotype, characterized by over-production of quorum sensing-regulated exoproducts su...

    Authors: Joanne L Fothergill, Stavroula Panagea, Charles A Hart, Martin J Walshaw, Tyrone L Pitt and Craig Winstanley
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:45
  34. The spliced leader (SL) RNA provides the 5' m7G cap and first 39 nt for all nuclear mRNAs in kinetoplastids. This small nuclear RNA is transcribed by RNA polymerase II from individual promoters. In Leishmania tar...

    Authors: Robert A Hitchcock, Sean Thomas, David A Campbell and Nancy R Sturm
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:44
  35. Three enterotoxins are implicated in diarrhoeal food poisoning due to Bacillus cereus: Haemolysin BL (Hbl), Non-haemolytic enterotoxin (Nhe), and Cytotoxin K (CytK). Toxin gene profiling and assays for detection ...

    Authors: Annette Fagerlund, Julien Brillard, Rainer Fürst, Marie-Hélène Guinebretière and Per Einar Granum
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:43
  36. As a stationary phase signal, indole is secreted in large quantities into rich medium by Escherichia coli and has been shown to control several genes (e.g., astD, tnaB, gabT), multi-drug exporters, and the pathog...

    Authors: Jintae Lee, Arul Jayaraman and Thomas K Wood
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:42
  37. Amoebic liver abscess (ALA) and pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) appear identical by ultrasound and other imaging techniques. Collection of blood or liver abscess pus for diagnosis of liver abscesses is an invas...

    Authors: Subhash C Parija and Krishna Khairnar
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:41
  38. Over the past fifteen years, antibiotic resistance in the Gram-positive opportunistic human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae has significantly increased. Clinical isolates from patients with community-acquired p...

    Authors: Ulrich Strych, Milya Davlieva, Joseph P Longtin, Eileen L Murphy, Hookang Im, Michael J Benedik and Kurt L Krause
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:40
  39. Previous studies have suggested that variations in DNA repair genes of W-Beijing strains may have led to transient mutator phenotypes which in turn may have contributed to host adaptation of this strain family...

    Authors: Laurent X Nouvel, Tiago Dos Vultos, Eric Kassa-Kelembho, Jean Rauzier and Brigitte Gicquel
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:39
  40. Although more than 100 Chlamydia pneumoniae hypothetical proteins have been predicted to be inclusion membrane proteins, only a few have been experimentally demonstrated to be in the inclusion membrane. Using ant...

    Authors: Jianhua Luo, Guangchao Liu, Youmin Zhong, Tianjun Jia, Kaiyang Liu, Ding Chen and Guangming Zhong
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:38
  41. Tuberculosis remains a leading infectious disease with global public health threat. Its control and management have been complicated by multi-drug resistance and latent infection, which prompts scientists to f...

    Authors: Li M Fu and Casey S Fu-Liu
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:37
  42. The first step in biofilm formation is bacterial attachment to solid surfaces, which is dependent on the cell surface physico-chemical properties. Cell wall anchored proteins (CWAP) are among the known adhesin...

    Authors: Olivier Habimana, Carine Le Goff, Vincent Juillard, Marie-Noëlle Bellon-Fontaine, Girbe Buist, Saulius Kulakauskas and Romain Briandet
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:36

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