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  1. Mycobacterium avium is an environmental mycobacterium that can be divided into the subspecies avium, hominissuis, paratuberculosis and silvaticum. Some M. avium subspecies are opportunistic pathogens for animals ...

    Authors: Tone Bjordal Johansen, Ingrid Olsen, Merete Rusås Jensen, Ulf R Dahle, Gudmund Holstad and Berit Djønne
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:14
  2. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) have emerged as pathogens that can cause food-borne infections and severe and potentially fatal illnesses in humans, such as haemorrhagic colitis (HC) and haemolytic ...

    Authors: Azucena Mora, Miguel Blanco, Jesús E Blanco, Ghizlane Dahbi, Cecilia López, Paula Justel, María Pilar Alonso, Aurora Echeita, María Isabel Bernárdez, Enrique A González and Jorge Blanco
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:13
  3. Tetrahymena thermophila is one of the best characterized unicellular eukaryotes and its genome is sequenced in its entirety. However, the AT-richness of the genome and an unusual codon usage cause problems in clo...

    Authors: Thomas Weide, Ulrike Bockau, Angelika Rave, Lutz Herrmann and Marcus WW Hartmann
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:12
  4. The human bacterial pathogen Campylobacter jejuni contains two subspecies: C. jejuni subsp. jejuni (Cjj) and C. jejuni subsp. doylei (Cjd). Although Cjd strains are isolated infrequently in many parts of the worl...

    Authors: William G Miller, Craig T Parker, Sekou Heath and Albert J Lastovica
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:11
  5. To be transmitted by its mosquito vector, dengue virus (DENV) must infect midgut epithelial cells, replicate and disseminate into the hemocoel, and finally infect the salivary glands, which is essential for tr...

    Authors: Ma Isabel Salazar, Jason H Richardson, Irma Sánchez-Vargas, Ken E Olson and Barry J Beaty
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:9
  6. The ability of catecholamines to stimulate bacterial growth was first demonstrated just over a decade ago. Little is still known however, concerning the nature of the putative bacterial adrenergic and/or dopam...

    Authors: Primrose PE Freestone, Richard D Haigh and Mark Lyte
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:8
  7. The influence of the membrane-bound AAA+ protease FtsH on membrane and cytoplasmic proteins of Corynebacterium glutamicum was investigated in this study. For the analysis of the membrane fraction, anion exchange ...

    Authors: Alja Lüdke, Reinhard Krämer, Andreas Burkovski, Daniela Schluesener and Ansgar Poetsch
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:6
  8. The role of Aspergillus fumigatus mycotoxins in the colonization of the respiratory tract by conidia has not been studied extensively, even though patients at risk from invasive aspergillosis frequently exhibit r...

    Authors: Khaled Khoufache, Olivier Puel, Nicolas Loiseau, Marcel Delaforge, Danièle Rivollet, André Coste, Catherine Cordonnier, Estelle Escudier, Françoise Botterel and Stéphane Bretagne
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:5
  9. Mycobacteria have developed a number of pathways that provide partial protection against both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). We recently identified a locus in Mycobacterium mar...

    Authors: Selvakumar Subbian, Parmod K Mehta, Suat LG Cirillo and Jeffrey D Cirillo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:4
  10. The type III secretion system (TTSS) is an important virulence determinant of Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. It enables the injection of effector proteins into the cytosol of eukaryotic cells. These effect...

    Authors: Yakhya Dieye, Jessica L Dyszel, Rebin Kader and Brian MM Ahmer
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:3
  11. The glutamate synthase operon (gltBDF) contributes to one of the two main pathways of ammonia assimilation in Escherichia coli. Of the seven most-global regulators, together affecting expression of about half of ...

    Authors: Ligi Paul, Pankaj K Mishra, Robert M Blumenthal and Rowena G Matthews
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:2
  12. Francisella tularensis is a gram negative, facultative intracellular bacterium that is the etiological agent of tularemia. F. novicida is closely related to F. tularensis but has low virulence for humans while be...

    Authors: Olle M de Bruin, Jagjit S Ludu and Francis E Nano
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:1
  13. The Burkholderia cenocepacia CepIR quorum sensing system has been shown to positively and negatively regulate genes involved in siderophore production, protease expression, motility, biofilm formation and virulen...

    Authors: Catherine E Chambers, Erika I Lutter, Michelle B Visser, Peggy PY Law and Pamela A Sokol
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:104
  14. Different gene expression patterns correlate with the altered phenotype in biofilm-associated bacteria. Iron and iron-linked genes are thought to play a key-role in biofilm formation. The expression of Fe-link...

    Authors: Caroline Massonet, Valerie Pintens, Rita Merckx, Jozef Anné, Elke Lammertyn and Johan Van Eldere
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:103
  15. Random gene inactivation used to identify cellular functions associated with virulence and survival of Brucella spp has relied heavily upon the use of the transposon Tn5 that integrates at G/C base pairs. Transpo...

    Authors: Qingmin Wu, Jianwu Pei, Carol Turse and Thomas A Ficht
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:102
  16. In sub-Saharan Africa community-acquired non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a major cause of high morbidity and death among children under 5 years of age especially from resource poor settings. The emergence of...

    Authors: Samuel Kariuki, Gunturu Revathi, Nyambura Kariuki, John Kiiru, Joyce Mwituria and Charles A Hart
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:101
  17. Enterobacter sakazakii is the causative agent of rare but severe food-borne infections associated with meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis in infants. Rehydrated powdered infant formulae have been im...

    Authors: Sylviane Derzelle and Françoise Dilasser
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:100
  18. E. coli O157 is a bacterial pathogen that is shed by cattle and can cause severe disease in humans. Phage type (PT) 21/28 is a subtype of E. coli O157 that is found across Scotland and is associated with particul...

    Authors: Jo EB Halliday, Margo E Chase-Topping, Michael C Pearce, Iain J McKendrick, Lesley Allison, Dave Fenlon, Chris Low, Dominic J Mellor, George J Gunn and Mark EJ Woolhouse
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:99
  19. A majority of bacterial genes belong to tight clusters and operons, which complicates gene functional studies using conventional knock-out methods. Antisense agents can down-regulate the expression of genes wi...

    Authors: Rikard Dryselius, Abbas Nikravesh, Agne Kulyté, Shan Goh and Liam Good
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:97
  20. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus epidermidis has become a major frequent cause of infections in relation to the use of implanted medical devices. The pathogenicity of S. epidermidis has been attributed to its ca...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Qin, Jian Zhang, Bin Xu, Lili Chen, Yang Wu, Xiaomei Yang, Xu Shen, Soeren Molin, Antoine Danchin, Hualiang Jiang and Di Qu
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:96
  21. Leptospira is the causative genus of the disease, leptospirosis. Species identification of pathogenic Leptospira in the past was generally performed by either DNA-DNA hybridisation or 16s rRNA gene sequencing. Bo...

    Authors: Andrew T Slack, Meegan L Symonds, Michael F Dohnt and Lee D Smythe
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:95
  22. Enterobacter sakazakii is an emergent pathogen that has been associated with neonatal infections through contaminated powdered infant milk formula. The species was defined by Farmer et al. (1980) who described 15...

    Authors: Carol Iversen, Mike Waddington, Jim J Farmer III and Stephen J Forsythe
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:94
  23. Quorum sensing is a form of cell-to-cell communication that allows bacteria to control a wide range of physiological processes in a population density-dependent manner. Production of peptide antibiotics is one...

    Authors: Bettina H Rohde and Luis EN Quadri
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:93
  24. Species of the tick-transmitted spirochete group Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (B. burgdorferi) cause Lyme borreliosis. Acute borrelial infection of the skin has unusual characteristics with only a mild local i...

    Authors: Helena Tuominen-Gustafsson, Markus Penttinen, Jukka Hytönen and Matti K Viljanen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:92
  25. Plasmodium vivax is the most widespread human malaria parasite. However, genetic information about its pathogenesis is limited at present, due to the lack of a reproducible in vitro cultivation method. Sequencing...

    Authors: James T Njuguna, Marwa Nassar, Achim Hoerauf and Annette E Kaiser
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:91
  26. Molecular typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains has become a valuable tool in the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) by allowing detection of outbreaks, tracking of epidemics, identification of genotypes an...

    Authors: Liselotte Aristimuño, Raimond Armengol, Alberto Cebollada, Mercedes España, Alexis Guilarte, Carmen Lafoz, María A Lezcano, María J Revillo, Carlos Martín, Carmen Ramírez, Nalin Rastogi, Janet Rojas, Albina Vázques de Salas, Christophe Sola and Sofía Samper
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:90
  27. In Escherichia coli, pH regulates genes for amino-acid and sugar catabolism, electron transport, oxidative stress, periplasmic and envelope proteins. Many pH-dependent genes are co-regulated by anaerobiosis, but ...

    Authors: Everett T Hayes, Jessica C Wilks, Piero Sanfilippo, Elizabeth Yohannes, Daniel P Tate, Brian D Jones, Michael D Radmacher, Sandra S BonDurant and Joan L Slonczewski
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:89
  28. It is believed that animal-to-human transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV) is the cause of the SARS outbreak worldwide. The spike (S) protein is one of the best characterize...

    Authors: Chi-Yu Zhang, Ji-Fu Wei and Shao-Heng He
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:88
  29. Existing virulence models are often difficult to apply for quantitative comparison of invasion potentials of Listeria monocytogenes. Well-to-well variation between cell-line based in vitro assays is practically u...

    Authors: Jens B Andersen, Bent B Roldgaard, Ariel B Lindner, Bjarke B Christensen and Tine R Licht
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:86
  30. Dengue viruses (DENV) attach to the host cell surface and subsequently enter the cell by receptor-mediated endocytosis. Several primary and low affinity co-receptors for this flavivirus have been identified. H...

    Authors: Ricardo F Mercado-Curiel, Héctor Armando Esquinca-Avilés, Rosalinda Tovar, Álvaro Díaz-Badillo, Minerva Camacho-Nuez and María de Lourdes Muñoz
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:85
  31. Brucella spp. are highly similar, having identical 16S RNA. However, they have important phenotypic differences such as differential susceptibility to antibiotics binding the ribosome. Neither the differential su...

    Authors: Shirley M Halling and Allen E Jensen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:84
  32. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major nosocomial pathogen worldwide. The need for accurate and rapid screening methods to detect MRSA carriers has been clearly established. The performance...

    Authors: Gemma Johnson, Michael R Millar, Stuart Matthews, Margaret Skyrme, Peter Marsh, Emma Barringer, Stephen O'Hara and Mark Wilks
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:83
  33. Heme is a preferred iron source of bacterial pathogens. Streptococcus equi subspecies equi is a bacterial pathogen that causes strangles in horses. Whether S. equi has a heme acquisition transporter is unknown.

    Authors: Tyler K Nygaard, Mengyao Liu, Michael J McClure and Benfang Lei
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:82
  34. There is increasing evidence that bacterial infection of the intestinal mucosa may contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In pigs, an obligate intracellular bacterium, Lawsonia in...

    Authors: Christoph W Michalski, Fabio Francesco Di Mola, Klaus Kümmel, Michael Wendt, Jörg S Köninger, Thomas Giese, Nathalia A Giese and Helmut Friess
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:81
  35. Virulent Mycobacterium leprae interfere with host defense mechanisms such as cytokine activation and apoptosis. The mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis is regulated by the Bcl-2 family of proteins. Expression of F...

    Authors: Zahra Hasan, Mussarat Ashraf, Ali Tayyebi and Rabia Hussain
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:78
  36. The entomopathogenic anamorphic fungus Metarhizum anisopliae is currently used as a biocontrol agent (BCA) of insects. In the present work, we analyzed the sequence data obtained from group I introns in the large...

    Authors: Marcela Márquez, Enrique A Iturriaga, Enrique Quesada-Moraga, Cándido Santiago-Álvarez, Enrique Monte and Rosa Hermosa
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:77
  37. Tanzania has a high tuberculosis incidence, and genotyping studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the country are necessary in order to improve our understanding of the epidemic. Spoligotyping is a potentially ...

    Authors: Vegard Eldholm, Mecky Matee, Sayoki GM Mfinanga, Manfred Heun and Ulf R Dahle
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:76
  38. Development of the post-genomic age in Dictyostelium will require the existence of rapid and reliable methods to disrupt genes that would allow the analysis of entire gene families and perhaps the possibility to ...

    Authors: Patricia Torija, Alicia Robles and Ricardo Escalante
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:75
  39. Scavenger receptors (SRs) recognize endogenous molecules modified by pathological processes as well as components of diverse microorganisms. Mice deficient for both SR-AI and II are more susceptible to infecti...

    Authors: Margarida Cunha-Rodrigues, Sílvia Portugal, Maria Febbraio and Maria M Mota
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:73
  40. H-NS is a DNA-binding protein with central roles in gene regulation and nucleoid structuring in Escherichia coli. There are over 60 genes that are influenced by H-NS many of which are involved in metabolism. To d...

    Authors: Irfan Erol, Kwang-Cheol Jeong, David J Baumler, Boris Vykhodets, Sang Ho Choi and Charles W Kaspar
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:72
  41. Most group A streptococcal (GAS) vaccine strategies have focused on the surface M protein, a major virulence factor of GAS. The amino-terminus of the M protein elicits antibodies, that are both opsonic and pro...

    Authors: Nonglak Yoonim, Colleen Olive, Chulabhorn Pruksachatkunakorn and Sumalee Pruksakorn
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:71
  42. Burkholderia pseudomallei is a saprophyte in tropical environments and an opportunistic human pathogen. This versatility requires a sensing mechanism that allows the bacterium to respond rapidly to altered enviro...

    Authors: Magdy E Mahfouz, T Hilton Grayson, David AB Dance and Martyn L Gilpin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:70
  43. Francisella tularensis is a zoonotic intracellular bacterial pathogen that causes tularemia. The subspecies tularensis is highly virulent and is classified as a category A agent of biological warfare because of i...

    Authors: Aiping Qin and Barbara J Mann
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2006 6:69

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