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  1. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), widespread pollutants in the marine environment, can produce adverse effects in marine organisms and can be transferred to humans through seafood. Our knowledge of PAH-...

    Authors: Mariana Lozada, Juan P Riva Mercadal, Leandro D Guerrero, Walter D Di Marzio, Marcela A Ferrero and Hebe M Dionisi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:50
  2. Prophages integrated within the chromosomes of Campylobacter jejuni isolates have been demonstrated very recently. Prior work with Campylobacter temperate bacteriophages, as well as evidence from prophages in oth...

    Authors: Clifford G Clark and Lai-King Ng
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:49
  3. Identification of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) based on phenotypic tests is time-consuming, labor-intensive, expensive and often provides erroneous or inconclusive results. In the molecular method referre...

    Authors: Erica Chimara, Lucilaine Ferrazoli, Suely Yoko Misuka Ueky, Maria Conceição Martins, Alan Mitchel Durham, Robert D Arbeit and Sylvia Cardoso Leão
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:48
  4. RNA interference (RNAi) is an important anti-viral defense mechanism. The Aedes aegypti genome encodes RNAi component orthologs, however, most populations of this mosquito are readily infected by, and subsequentl...

    Authors: Corey L Campbell, Kimberly M Keene, Douglas E Brackney, Ken E Olson, Carol D Blair, Jeffrey Wilusz and Brian D Foy
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:47
  5. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is an important cause of bloody diarrhoea (BD), non-bloody diarrhoea (NBD) and the haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS). In Argentina and New Zealand, the most prevalent...

    Authors: Gerardo A Leotta, Elizabeth S Miliwebsky, Isabel Chinen, Estela M Espinosa, Kristy Azzopardi, Sharon M Tennant, Roy M Robins-Browne and Marta Rivas
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:46
  6. Xylitol has antiadhesive effects on Streptococcus pneumoniae and inhibits its growth, and has also been found to be effective in preventing acute otitis media and has been used in intensive care as a valuable sou...

    Authors: Marjo Renko, Päivi Valkonen, Terhi Tapiainen, Tero Kontiokari, Pauli Mattila, Matti Knuuttila, Martti Svanberg, Maija Leinonen, Riitta Karttunen and Matti Uhari
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:45
  7. Burkholderia cenocepacia is the most prominent species of the B. cepacia complex (Bcc), a group of nine closely related and difficult to identify bacteria that cause serious infections in patients with cystic fib...

    Authors: Pavel Drevinek, Adam Baldwin, Christopher G Dowson and Eshwar Mahenthiralingam
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:44
  8. Chronic wound pathogenic biofilms are host-pathogen environments that colonize and exist as a cohabitation of many bacterial species. These bacterial populations cooperate to promote their own survival and the...

    Authors: Scot E Dowd, Yan Sun, Patrick R Secor, Daniel D Rhoads, Benjamin M Wolcott, Garth A James and Randall D Wolcott
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:43
  9. The obligate intracellular growing bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis causes diseases like trachoma, urogenital infection and lymphogranuloma venereum with severe morbidity. Several serovars and genotypes have been ...

    Authors: Yvonne Pannekoek, Giovanna Morelli, Barica Kusecek, Servaas A Morré, Jacobus M Ossewaarde, Ankie A Langerak and Arie van der Ende
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:42
  10. Pili were recently recognized in Streptococcus pneumoniae and implicated in the virulence of this bacterium, which led to the proposal of using these antigens in a future pneumococcal vaccine. However, pili were ...

    Authors: Sandra I Aguiar, Isa Serrano, Francisco R Pinto, José Melo-Cristino and Mario Ramirez
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:41
  11. Leaf-cutting ants live in symbiosis with a fungus that they rear for food by providing it with live plant material. Until recently the fungus' main inferred function was to make otherwise inaccessible cell wal...

    Authors: Morten Schiøtt, Henrik H De Fine Licht, Lene Lange and Jacobus J Boomsma
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:40
  12. Low-level vancomycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus (vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) and hetero-VISA [hVISA]) emerges during persistent infection and failed vancomycin therapy. Up-regulation of gene...

    Authors: Benjamin P Howden, Danielle J Smith, Ashley Mansell, Paul DR Johnson, Peter B Ward, Timothy P Stinear and John K Davies
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:39
  13. mce3 is one of the four virulence-related mce operons of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In a previous work we showed that the overexpression of Mce3R in Mycobacterium smegmatis and M. tuberculosis abolishes the expr...

    Authors: María P Santangelo, Federico C Blanco, María V Bianco, Laura I Klepp, Osvaldo Zabal, Angel A Cataldi and Fabiana Bigi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:38
  14. Many E. coli genes show pH-dependent expression during logarithmic growth in acid (pH 5–6) or in base (pH 8–9). The effect of rapid pH change, however, has rarely been tested. Rapid acid treatment could distingui...

    Authors: Geetha Kannan, Jessica C Wilks, Devon M Fitzgerald, Brian D Jones, Sandra S BonDurant and Joan L Slonczewski
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:37
  15. Despite nearly complete vaccine coverage, a small number of fully vaccinated children in the Netherlands have experienced invasive disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib). This increase started ...

    Authors: Leo Schouls, Han van der Heide, Sandra Witteveen, Bert Zomer, Arie van der Ende, Marina Burger and Corrie Schot
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:35
  16. During the last few years, PCR-based methods have been developed to simplify and reduce the time required for genotyping Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) by standard approaches based on IS6110-Restriction Fragmen...

    Authors: Noelia Alonso-Rodríguez, Miguel Martínez-Lirola, Marta Herránz, Marisa Sanchez-Benitez, Pilar Barroso, Emilio Bouza and Darío García de Viedma
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:34
  17. Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus is a gram-negative bacterium that preys upon other gram-negative bacteria. Although the life cycle of Bdellovibrio has been extensively investigated, very little is known about the mech...

    Authors: Adrian A Medina, Robert M Shanks and Daniel E Kadouri
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:33
  18. Atherosclerosis is still the leading cause of death in the western world. Besides known risk factors studies demonstrating Chlamydophila pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) to be implicated in the progression of the disea...

    Authors: Joseph Marino, Isabelle Stoeckli, Michael Walch, Sonja Latinovic-Golic, Hanna Sundstroem, Peter Groscurth, Urs Ziegler and Claudia Dumrese
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:32
  19. We have previously shown that supernatant from Candida albicans (CA) culture contains a Secretory Interleukin (IL)-12 Inhibitory Factor (CA-SIIF), which inhibits IL-12 production by human monocytes. However, the ...

    Authors: Mingyue Wang, Pranab K Mukherjee, Jyotsna Chandra, Ali Abdul Lattif, Thomas S McCormick and Mahmoud A Ghannoum
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:31
  20. The phenomenon of misdiagnosing tuberculosis (TB) by laboratory cross-contamination when culturing Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) has been widely reported and it has an obvious clinical, therapeutic and social ...

    Authors: Ana Martín, Marta Herranz, Miguel Martínez Lirola, Rosa Fernández Fernández, Emilio Bouza and Darío García de Viedma
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:30
  21. Within-host competition between strains of a vector-borne pathogen can affect strain frequencies in both the host and vector, thereby affecting viral population dynamics. However little is known about inter-st...

    Authors: Kim M Pepin, Kalli Lambeth and Kathryn A Hanley
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:28
  22. Both tuberculous and non-tuberculous mycobacteria can cause infection in nonhuman primates (NHP), indicating the existence of potential zoonotic transmission between these animals and visitors to zoos or anima...

    Authors: Gerald K Chege, Robin M Warren, Nico C Gey van Pittius, Wendy A Burgers, Robert J Wilkinson, Enid G Shephard and Anna-Lise Williamson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:27
  23. Porphyromonas gingivalis is associated with periodontal disease and invades different cell types including epithelial, endothelial and smooth muscle cells. In addition to P. gingivalis DNA, we have previously ide...

    Authors: Ling Li, Raynald Michel, Joshua Cohen, Arthur DeCarlo and Emil Kozarov
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:26
  24. Haemophilus influenzae is one of the main aetiological agents of community-acquired respiratory tract infections. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of telithromycin against

    Authors: Elena De Vecchi, Lucia Nicola, Monica Larosa and Lorenzo Drago
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:23
  25. Soya and its derivatives represent nutritionally high quality food products whose major drawback is their high content of α-galacto-oligosaccharides. These are not digested in the small intestine due to the na...

    Authors: Jean Guy LeBlanc, Florence Ledue-Clier, Martine Bensaada, Graciela Savoy de Giori, Theodora Guerekobaya, Fernando Sesma, Vincent Juillard, Sylvie Rabot and Jean-Christophe Piard
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:22
  26. Anthrax and plague are diseases caused by Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis respectively. These bacteria are etiological agents for worldwide zoonotic diseases and are considered among the most feared potent...

    Authors: Andrea Ciammaruconi, Saverio Grassi, Riccardo De Santis, Giovanni Faggioni, Valentina Pittiglio, Raffaele D'Amelio, Alessandra Carattoli, Antonio Cassone, Gilles Vergnaud and Florigio Lista
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:21
  27. The opportunistic food-borne gram-positive pathogen Listeria monocytogenes can exist as a free-living microorganism in the environment and grow in the cytoplasm of vertebrate and invertebrate cells following infe...

    Authors: Torsten Hain, Hamid Hossain, Som S Chatterjee, Silke Machata, Ute Volk, Sandra Wagner, Benedikt Brors, Stefan Haas, Carsten T Kuenne, Andre Billion, Sonja Otten, Jan Pane-Farre, Susanne Engelmann and Trinad Chakraborty
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:20
  28. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is an oral bacterium associated with aggressively progressing periodontitis. Extracellular release of bacterial outer membrane proteins has been suggested to mainly occur via...

    Authors: Maribasappa Karched, Riikka Ihalin, Kjell Eneslätt, Deyu Zhong, Jan Oscarsson, Sun N Wai, Casey Chen and Sirkka E Asikainen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:18
  29. Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) exists in most organisms and might play a role in cellular stress responses. In E. coli, ThTP is accumulated in response to amino acid starvation but the mechanism of its synthesis...

    Authors: Tiziana Gigliobianco, Bernard Lakaye, Alexander F Makarchikov, Pierre Wins and Lucien Bettendorff
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:16
  30. The heme acquisition machinery in Streptococcus pyogenes is believed to consist of the surface proteins, Shr and Shp, and heme-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter HtsABC. Shp has been shown to rapidly trans...

    Authors: Hui Zhu, Mengyao Liu and Benfang Lei
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:15
  31. Helicobacter pylori colonizes the human stomach and is the etiological agent of peptic ulcer disease. All three H. pylori strains that have been sequenced to date contain a potential operon whose products share h...

    Authors: Priyanka Brahmachary, Ge Wang, Stéphane L Benoit, Michael V Weinberg, Robert J Maier and Timothy R Hoover
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:14
  32. The autoinducer-2 (AI-2) group of signalling molecules are produced by both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria as the by-product of a metabolic transformation carried out by the LuxS enzyme. They are the...

    Authors: Agnes Bodor, Bettina Elxnat, Verena Thiel, Stefan Schulz and Irene Wagner-Döbler
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:13
  33. The Yersinia enterocolitica flagellar master regulator FlhD/FlhC affects the expression levels of non-flagellar genes, including 21 genes that are involved in central metabolism. The sigma factor of the flagellar...

    Authors: Megan K Townsend, Nathan J Carr, Jyoti G Iyer, Shelley M Horne, Penelope S Gibbs and Birgit M Prüß
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:12
  34. Lamivudine is an oral nucleoside analogue widely used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. The main limitation of lamivudine use is the selection of resistant mutations that increases with time of utiliza...

    Authors: Marcelle Bottecchia, Francisco JD Souto, Kycia MR Ó, Marcia Amendola, Carlos E Brandão, Christian Niel and Selma A Gomes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:11
  35. Salmonella can reside in healthy animals without the manifestation of any adverse effects on the carrier. If raw products of animal origin are not handled properly during processing or cooked to a proper temperat...

    Authors: Attila Karsi, Kevin Howe, Tasha B Kirkpatrick, Robert Wills, R Hartford Bailey and Mark L Lawrence
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:10
  36. The administration of non-antifungal drugs during patient hospitalization might be responsible for discrepancies between in vitro and in vivo susceptibility to antifungals. Propofol is often administered to inten...

    Authors: Sofia Costa-de-Oliveira, Ricardo Araujo, Ana Silva-Dias, Cidália Pina-Vaz and Acácio Gonçalves Rodrigues
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:9
  37. The response regulator DegU and its cognate histidine kinase DegS constitute a two-component system in the Gram-positive soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Unphosphorylated and phosphorylated forms of DegU are kno...

    Authors: Kensuke Tsukahara and Mitsuo Ogura
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:8
  38. Pyoverdines (PVDs) are high affinity siderophores, for which the molecular mechanisms of biosynthesis, uptake and regulation have been extensively studied in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. However, the extent to wh...

    Authors: Christina D Moon, Xue-Xian Zhang, Sandra Matthijs, Mathias Schäfer, Herbert Budzikiewicz and Paul B Rainey
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:7
  39. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are devices that exploit microorganisms to generate electric power from organic matter. Despite the development of efficient MFC reactors, the microbiology of electricity generation...

    Authors: Shun'ichi Ishii, Takefumi Shimoyama, Yasuaki Hotta and Kazuya Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:6
  40. The chlamydial developmental cycle involves the alternation between the metabolically inert elementary body (EB) and the replicating reticulate body (RB). The triggers that mediate the interchange between thes...

    Authors: Alexander Hoare, Peter Timms, Patrik M Bavoil and David P Wilson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:5
  41. Autoinducer 2 (AI-2), a widespread by-product of the LuxS-catalyzed S-ribosylhomocysteine cleavage reaction in the activated methyl cycle, has been suggested to serve as an intra- and interspecies signaling mo...

    Authors: Min Li, Amer E Villaruz, Viveka Vadyvaloo, Daniel E Sturdevant and Michael Otto
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:4
  42. The endoglycosidase EndoS and the cysteine proteinase SpeB from the human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes are functionally related in that they both hydrolyze IgG leading to impairment of opsonizing antibodies an...

    Authors: Maria Allhorn, Arne Olsén and Mattias Collin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:3
  43. The social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum executes a multicellular development program upon starvation. This morphogenetic process requires the differential regulation of a large number of genes and is coordinat...

    Authors: Juan J Vicente, María Galardi-Castilla, Ricardo Escalante and Leandro Sastre
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:1

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