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Table 1 Collection localities of Cardinium strains and their associated reproductive phenotypes

From: Development of a multi-locus sequence typing system helps reveal the evolution of Cardinium hertigii, a reproductive manipulator symbiont of insects

Host organism Cardinium strain Collection information Reproductive phenotype
Aleurothrixus floccosus cAflo1 Israel Unknown
Encarsia suzannae cEper1 Texas, USA CI (Hunter et al., 2003)
Encarsia hispida cEhis1 San Diego, USA PI (Zchori-Fein et al., 2004)
Encarsia tabacivora cEper2 Brazil PI association (Zchori-Fein et al., 2001)
Encarsia inaron (IT), high density strain (HIT) cEina2 Italy One of two strains co-infecting a host with a CI phenotype (Gebiola et al., 2016). This strain does not cause CI (Stouthamer, et al. unpubl.)
Encarsia inaron, (IT), low density strain (LIT) cEina3 Italy One of two strains co-infecting a host with a CI phenotype (Gebiola et al., 2016). This strain causes CI (Stouthamer et al. unpubl.)
Encarsia inaron (USA) cEina1 USA No CI, no PI (White et al., 2009)
Aspidiotus nerii cAner1 University of California, Riverside culture Associated with parthenogenetic host (Provencher et al., 2005)
Bemisia tabaci, Q1 species cBtQ1 Valencia, Spain No CI, no PI (Fang et al., 2014)
Ixodes scapularis cell line cIsca1 Nantucket Island (Massachusetts), USA Unknown
Indozuriel dantur cIdan1 Japan Unknown
Sogatella furcifera cSfur1 China Unknown
Sogatella furcifera cSfur2 Japan CI (Nakamura et al., 2009)
Eotetranychus suginamensis cEsug1 Taiwan CI (Gotoh et al., 2007)
Oligonychus coffeae cOcof1 Japan Unknown
Oligonychus gotohi cOgot1 Japan Unknown
Panonychus mori cPmor1 Japan CI (Gotoh et al., 2003)
Tetranychus pueraricola cTpue1 Japan No CI, no PI (Gotoh et al., 2003)
Culicoides arakawae cCara1 Kagoshima Pref. or Okinawa Pref., Japan Unknown
Culicoides ohmorii cCohm1 Kagoshima Pref, Japan Unknown
Culicoides peregrinus cCper1 Yonaguni Isl., Okinawa Pref. Japan Unknown
Culicoides punctatus cCpun1 Leahurst Campus, University of Liverpool, UK Unknown
Cybaeus eutypus cCeut Vancouver Island, Canada Unknown
Cybaeus signifer cCsig1 Vancouver Island, Canada Unknown
Cybaeus chauliodus cCcha1 Northern California, USA Unknown
Cybaeus somesbar cCsom1 Northern California, USA Unknown
Cybaeus sanbruno cCsan1 North central California, USA Unknown
Cybaeus morosus cCmor1 British Columbia, Canada Unknown
Cybaeus hesper cChes1 North central California, USA Unknown
Cybaeus multnoma cCmul1 Oregon, USA Unknown
Cybaeus penedentatus cCpen1 North central California, USA Unknown
Culicoides imicola cCimi1 Unknown Unknown
Metaseiulus occidentalis cMocc1 Washington and Oregon, USA CI (Roush and Hoy, 1981)
Leiobunum sp 1 cLsp2 Georgetown Island, Maine, USA Unknown
Leiobunum sp 2 cLsp3 N. Monmouth, Maine, USA Unknown
Leiobunum cLsp1 Ellison Park, Monroe County, New York, USA Unknown
Brevipalpus californicus cBcal1 Minas Gerais, Brazil Feminization (Groot and Breeuwer, 2006)
Brevipalpus phoenicis cBpho1 Minas Gerais, Brazil Feminization (Groot and Breeuwer, 2006)
Macrosteles quadrilineatus cMque1   Unknown
Encarsia perniciosi cEper3 Tijuana River Valley Park, San Diego, USA Associated with parthenogenetic host (Stouthamer and Luck, 1991)
Pezothrips kellyanus cPkel1 Australia CI (Nguyen et al., 2017)