Skip to content


You're viewing the new version of our site. Please leave us feedback.

Learn more

BMC Microbiology

Open Access

Retraction Note: NF-κB activation by Helicobacter pylorirequires Akt-mediated phosphorylation of p65

  • Eriko Takeshima1, 2,
  • Koh Tomimori1, 2,
  • Hirochika Kawakami1,
  • Chie Ishikawa1, 3, 4,
  • Shigeki Sawada1, 5,
  • Mariko Tomita1,
  • Masachika Senba6,
  • Fukunori Kinjo7,
  • Hitomi Mimuro8,
  • Chihiro Sasakawa8,
  • Jiro Fujita2 and
  • Naoki Mori1Email author
BMC Microbiology201111:128

Received: 27 January 2011

Accepted: 2 June 2011

Published: 2 June 2011

The original article was published in BMC Microbiology 2009 9:36


Article retracted


After lengthy investigation by the editors, the original article [1] has been retracted because of inappropriate duplication of images from previously published articles. The last author, Naoki Mori takes full responsibility and apologizes for any inconvenience caused.



Authors’ Affiliations

Division of Molecular Virology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus
Division of Control and Prevention of Infectious Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus
Division of Child Health and Welfare, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus
The Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Functional Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus
Department of Pathology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University
Department of Endoscopy, University Hospital, University of the Ryukyus
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo


  1. Takeshima E, Tomimori K, Kawakami H, Ishikawa C, Sawada S, Tomita M, Senba M, Kinjo F, Minuro H, Sasakawa C, Fujita J, Mori N: NF-κB activation by Helicobacter pylori requires Akt-mediated phosphorylation of p65. BMC Microbiology. 2009, 9: 36-10.1186/1471-2180-9-36.PubMedPubMed CentralView ArticleGoogle Scholar


© Takeshima et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.