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  1. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a mycoplasmal disease caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC (Mmm SC). Since the disease is a serious problem that can affect cattle production in parts of Af...

    Authors: Dubravka R Miltiadou, Arshad Mather, Edy M Vilei and Dion H Du Plessis
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:215
  2. Campylobacter jejuni contains a homologue of the luxS gene shown to be responsible for the production of the signalling molecule autoinducer-2 (AI-2) in Vibrio harveyi and Vibrio cholerae. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Kathryn Holmes, Tim J Tavender, Klaus Winzer, Jerry M Wells and Kim R Hardie
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:214
  3. A low genetic diversity in Francisella tularensis has been documented. Current DNA based genotyping methods for typing F. tularensis offer a limited and varying degree of subspecies, clade and strain level discri...

    Authors: Gagan A Pandya, Michael H Holmes, Jeannine M Petersen, Sonal Pradhan, Svetlana A Karamycheva, Mark J Wolcott, Claudia Molins, Marcus Jones, Martin E Schriefer, Robert D Fleischmann and Scott N Peterson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:213
  4. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) causes an infectious chronic enteritis (paratuberculosis or Johne's disease) principally of ruminants. The epidemiology of Map is poorly understood, particula...

    Authors: Karen Stevenson, Julio Alvarez, Douwe Bakker, Franck Biet, Lucia de Juan, Susan Denham, Zoi Dimareli, Karen Dohmann, Gerald F Gerlach, Ian Heron, Marketa Kopecna, Linda May, Ivo Pavlik, J Michael Sharp, Virginie C Thibault, Peter Willemsen…
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:212
  5. Recent studies have shown that the fecal microbiota is generally resilient to short-term antibiotic administration, but some bacterial taxa may remain depressed for several months. Limited information is avail...

    Authors: Jan S Suchodolski, Scot E Dowd, Elias Westermarck, Jörg M Steiner, Randy D Wolcott, Thomas Spillmann and Jaana A Harmoinen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:210
  6. In the present work the central carbon metabolism of Dinoroseobacter shibae and Phaeobacter gallaeciensis was studied at the level of metabolic fluxes. These two strains belong to the marine Roseobacter clade, a ...

    Authors: Tobias Fürch, Matthias Preusse, Jürgen Tomasch, Hajo Zech, Irene Wagner-Döbler, Ralf Rabus and Christoph Wittmann
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:209
  7. Results of microbial ecology studies using 16S rRNA sequence information can be deceiving due to differences in rRNA operon copy number and genome size of the detected organisms. It therefore will be useful fo...

    Authors: Rajat Rastogi, Martin Wu, Indrani DasGupta and George E Fox
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:208
  8. During the interaction between rhizobia and leguminous plants the two partners engage in a molecular conversation that leads to reciprocal recognition and ensures the beginning of a successful symbiotic integr...

    Authors: Roberto Moscatiello, Sara Alberghini, Andrea Squartini, Paola Mariani and Lorella Navazio
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:206
  9. Yersinia pestis, the aetiological agent of plague, has been well defined genotypically on local and worldwide scales. In November 2005, five cases of severe pneumonia of unknown causes, resulting in two deaths, w...

    Authors: Xiaoai Zhang, Rong Hai, Jianchun Wei, Zhigang Cui, Enmin Zhang, Zhizhong Song and Dongzheng Yu
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:205
  10. Pantoea agglomerans strains are among the most promising biocontrol agents for a variety of bacterial and fungal plant diseases, particularly fire blight of apple and pear. However, commercial registration of P. ...

    Authors: Fabio Rezzonico, Theo HM Smits, Emilio Montesinos, Jürg E Frey and Brion Duffy
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:204
  11. Campylobacter is a major cause of human disease worldwide and poultry are identified as a significant source of this pathogen. Most disease in humans is associated with the consumption of contaminated poultry or ...

    Authors: Ellen M Lutgen, John M McEvoy, Julie S Sherwood and Catherine M Logue
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:203
  12. Crohn's disease (CD) is a high morbidity chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology. Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) has been recently implicated in the origin and perpetuation of CD. Because ba...

    Authors: Margarita Martinez-Medina, Plínio Naves, Jorge Blanco, Xavier Aldeguer, Jesus E Blanco, Miguel Blanco, Carmen Ponte, Francisco Soriano, Arlette Darfeuille-Michaud and L Jesus Garcia-Gil
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:202
  13. Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2) is a zoonotic agent that causes death and disease in both humans and swine. A better understanding of SS2-host molecular interactions is crucial for understanding SS2 pathogene...

    Authors: Hongwei Gu, Haodan Zhu and Chengping Lu
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:201
  14. Burkholderia cenocepacia are opportunistic Gram-negative bacteria that can cause chronic pulmonary infections in patients with cystic fibrosis. These bacteria demonstrate a high-level of intrinsic antibiotic resi...

    Authors: Silvia Buroni, Maria R Pasca, Ronald S Flannagan, Silvia Bazzini, Anna Milano, Iris Bertani, Vittorio Venturi, Miguel A Valvano and Giovanna Riccardi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:200
  15. The genome of Arthrobacter sp. strain FB24 contains a chromate resistance determinant (CRD), consisting of a cluster of 8 genes located on a 10.6 kb fragment of a 96 kb plasmid. The CRD includes chrA, which encod...

    Authors: Kristene L Henne, Cindy H Nakatsu, Dorothea K Thompson and Allan E Konopka
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:199
  16. Quorum sensing is a term describing a bacterial communication system mediated by the production and recognition of small signaling molecules. The LuxS enzyme, catalyzing the synthesis of AI-2, is conserved in ...

    Authors: Gwendoline Kint, Kathleen AJ Sonck, Geert Schoofs, David De Coster, Jos Vanderleyden and Sigrid CJ De Keersmaecker
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:198
  17. Helicobacter pylori forms biofilms on glass surfaces at the air-liquid interface in in vitro batch cultures; however, biofilms of H. pylori have not been well characterized. In the present study, we analyzed the ...

    Authors: Hideo Yonezawa, Takako Osaki, Satoshi Kurata, Minoru Fukuda, Hayato Kawakami, Kuniyasu Ochiai, Tomoko Hanawa and Shigeru Kamiya
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:197
  18. Arcobacter spp. are a common contaminant of food and water, and some species, primarily A. butzleri and A. cryaerophilus, have been isolated increasingly from human diarrheal stool samples. Here, we describe the ...

    Authors: William G Miller, Irene V Wesley, Stephen LW On, Kurt Houf, Francis Mégraud, Guilin Wang, Emma Yee, Apichai Srijan and Carl J Mason
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:196
  19. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae causes contagious pleuropneumonia, an economically important disease of commercially reared pigs throughout the world. To cause this disease, A. pleuropneumoniae must rapidly overc...

    Authors: Abdul G Lone, Vincent Deslandes, John HE Nash, Mario Jacques and Janet I MacInnes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:195
  20. Chamydophila pneumoniae (CP) and/or Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) are two bacteria detected in vulnerable atheromas. In this study we aimed to analyze whether CP and/or MP aggravates atherosclerosis induced by chole...

    Authors: Sueli B Damy, Maria L Higuchi, Jorge Timenetsky, Márcia M Reis, Suely P Palomino, Renata N Ikegami, Fabiana P Santos, Junko T Osaka and Luiz P Figueiredo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:194
  21. Helicobacter pylori colonizes the human stomach and is associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. This ubiquitous association between H. pylori and humans is thought to be present since the orig...

    Authors: Filipa F Vale, Francis Mégraud and Jorge MB Vítor
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:193
  22. The combined sequences encoding a partial and putative rpsI open reading frame (ORF), non-coding (NC) region, a putative ORF for the Campylobacter adhesin to fibronectin-like protein (cadF), a putative Cla_0387 O...

    Authors: Junichi Hirayama, Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Akihiro Tazumi, Ikue Taneike, John E Moore, B Cherie Millar and Motoo Matsuda
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:192
  23. The boundaries of bacterial species and the mechanisms underlying bacterial speciation are matters of intense debate. Theoretical studies have shown that recombination acts as a strong cohesive force preventin...

    Authors: Margarida Carrolo, Francisco R Pinto, Jose Melo-Cristino and Mario Ramirez
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:191
  24. Though important in the context of food microbiology and as potential pathogens in immuno-compromised humans, bacterial isolates belonging to the genus Pediococcus are best known for their association with contam...

    Authors: Monique Haakensen, David M Vickers and Barry Ziola
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:190
  25. Heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hVISA) bacteremia is an emerging infection. Our objective was to determine the molecular features of hVISA strains isolated from bacteremic patients an...

    Authors: Yasmin Maor, Levona Lago, Amir Zlotkin, Yeshayahu Nitzan, Natasha Belausov, Debby Ben-David, Nathan Keller and Galia Rahav
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:189
  26. The outer membrane protein M35 is a conserved porin of type 1 strains of the respiratory pathogen Moraxella catarrhalis. It was previously shown that M35 is involved in the uptake of essential nutrients required ...

    Authors: Marion Jetter, Nadja Heiniger, Violeta Spaniol, Rolf Troller, André Schaller and Christoph Aebi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:188
  27. The worldwide appearance of drug-resistant strains of H. pylori motivates a search for new agents with therapeutic potential against this family of bacteria that colonizes the stomach, and is associated with aden...

    Authors: Katarzyna Leszczyńska, Andrzej Namiot, David E Fein, Qi Wen, Zbigniew Namiot, Paul B Savage, Scott Diamond, Paul A Janmey and Robert Bucki
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:187
  28. The Ada-dependent adaptive response system in Escherichia coli is important for increasing resistance to alkylation damage. However, the global transcriptional and translational changes during this response have ...

    Authors: Jong Hwan Baek, Mee-Jung Han, Sang Yup Lee and Jong-Shin Yoo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:186
  29. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a Gram-negative intracellular pathogen associated with periodontal disease. We have previously reported on whole-cell quantitative proteomic analyses to investigate the differential ex...

    Authors: Erik L Hendrickson, Qiangwei Xia, Tiansong Wang, Richard J Lamont and Murray Hackett
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:185
  30. The oomycete Aphanomyces astaci is regarded as the causative agent of crayfish plague and represents an evident hazard for European crayfish species. Native crayfish populations infected with this pathogen suffer...

    Authors: Gerald Hochwimmer, Reinhard Tober, Renè Bibars-Reiter, Elisabeth Licek and Ralf Steinborn
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:184
  31. Debaryomyces hansenii is one of the most salt tolerant species of yeast and has become a model organism for the study of tolerance mechanisms against salinity. The goal of this study was to identify key upregulat...

    Authors: Hsiu-fung Chao, Yung-fu Yen and Maurice SB Ku
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:182
  32. Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum is a phytopathogenic enterobacterium responsible for soft rot, a disease characterized by extensive maceration of the affected plant tissue. This species also produce...

    Authors: Yung-chieh Chan, Huang-Pin Wu and Duen-yau Chuang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:181
  33. Although bacteria are implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), mechanisms of intestinal injury and immune activation remain unclear. Identification of adherent-invasive Escheri...

    Authors: Eytan Wine, Juan C Ossa, Scott D Gray-Owen and Philip M Sherman
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:180
  34. Pathogenic yersiniae, including Y. pestis, share a type III secretion system (T3SS) that is composed of a secretion machinery, a set of translocation proteins, a control system, and six Yop effector proteins incl...

    Authors: Lingjun Zhan, Lei Yang, Lei Zhou, Yingli Li, He Gao, Zhaobiao Guo, Lianfeng Zhang, Chuan Qin, Dongsheng Zhou and Ruifu Yang
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:178
  35. Aspergillus fumigatus is the most common agent of invasive aspergillosis, a feared complication in severely immunocompromised patients. Despite the recent commercialisation of new antifungal drugs, the prognosis ...

    Authors: Marc Pihet, Patrick Vandeputte, Guy Tronchin, Gilles Renier, Patrick Saulnier, Sonia Georgeault, Romain Mallet, Dominique Chabasse, Françoise Symoens and Jean-Philippe Bouchara
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:177
  36. Glucose is the preferred carbon and energy source for Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli. A complex regulatory network coordinates gene expression, transport and enzymatic activities, in response to the prese...

    Authors: Carlos Daniel Vázquez, Julio A Freyre-González, Guillermo Gosset, José Antonio Loza and Rosa María Gutiérrez-Ríos
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:176
  37. The incidence of gastric cancer differs among countries in Asia, and it has been suggested that virulence factors associated with Helicobacter pylori are partly responsible. The aim of this study was to investiga...

    Authors: Tomohisa Uchida, Lam Tung Nguyen, Akiko Takayama, Tadayoshi Okimoto, Masaaki Kodama, Kazunari Murakami, Takeshi Matsuhisa, Tuan Dung Trinh, Long Ta, Dang Quy Dung Ho, Hoa Hai Hoang, Tetsuko Kishida, Toshio Fujioka, Masatsugu Moriyama and Yoshio Yamaoka
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:175
  38. Phosphorus deficiency is a major constraint to crop production due to rapid binding of the applied phosphorus into fixed forms not available to the plants. Microbial solubilization of inorganic phosphates has ...

    Authors: Pratibha Vyas and Arvind Gulati
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:174
  39. The fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene produces high levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in axenic cultures and during plant infection. We generated a suppression subtractive hybridization...

    Authors: Véronique Chagué, Rudy Maor and Amir Sharon
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:173
  40. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine contagious pleuropneumonia, a highly contagious respiratory infection in pigs, and all the 15 serotypes are able to cause disease. Current vaccine...

    Authors: Yonghong Liao, Junhua Deng, Anding Zhang, Mingguang Zhou, Yong Hu, Huanchun Chen and Meilin Jin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:172
  41. Escherichia coli have been found in increased numbers in tissues from patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and adherent-invasive E. coli have been found in resected ileum from patients with Crohn's dise...

    Authors: Andreas M Petersen, Eva M Nielsen, Eva Litrup, Jørn Brynskov, Hengameh Mirsepasi and Karen A Krogfelt
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:171
  42. Pathogens tolerate stress conditions that include low pH, oxidative stress, high salt and high temperature in order to survive inside and outside their hosts. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which forms the outer-le...

    Authors: Verena Karsten, Sean R Murray, Jeremy Pike, Kimberly Troy, Martina Ittensohn, Manvel Kondradzhyan, K Brooks Low and David Bermudes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:170
  43. Bacteriophages can be successfully applied to treat infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Until now no attempts have been undertaken to treat infections in immunosuppressed patients with phages. ...

    Authors: Michał Zimecki, Jolanta Artym, Maja Kocięba, Beata Weber-Dąbrowska, Jan Borysowski and Andrzej Górski
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:169
  44. It has long been recognized that Klebsiella pneumoniae can grow anaerobically on citrate. Genes responsible for citrate fermentation of K. pneumoniae were known to be located in a 13-kb gene cluster on the chromo...

    Authors: Ying-Tsong Chen, Tsai-Lien Liao, Keh-Ming Wu, Tsai-Ling Lauderdale, Jing-Jou Yan, I-Wen Huang, Min-Chi Lu, Yi-Chyi Lai, Yen-Ming Liu, Hung-Yu Shu, Jin-Town Wang, Ih-Jen Su and Shih-Feng Tsai
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:168
  45. Amino acid substitutions in the target enzyme Erg11p of azole antifungals contribute to clinically-relevant azole resistance in Candida albicans. A simple molecular method for rapid detection of ERG11 gene mutati...

    Authors: Huiping Wang, Fanrong Kong, Tania C Sorrell, Bin Wang, Paul McNicholas, Namfon Pantarat, David Ellis, Meng Xiao, Fred Widmer and Sharon CA Chen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2009 9:167

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