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Table 2 Distributions of carbapenemase and ESBL genes among GNB isolates

From: Detection and characterization of carbapenem resistant Gram‐negative bacilli isolates recovered from hospitalized patients at Soba University Hospital, Sudan

Bacterial isolates Carbapenemase genes ESBL genes
NDM OXA-48 IMP VIM KPC CTXM SHV TEM
n(%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
K. pneumoniae (n = 82) 58 (54.3) 1 (20) 3 (43) 1 (50) 0 (0) 53 (41.7) 28 (33.4) 32 (40)
E.coli (n = 28) 9 (8.4) 1 (20) 2 (28.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 14 (11.6) 6 (7.2) 4 (5)
Pseudomonas Spp.(n = 45) 14 (13.1) 2 (40) 2 (28.5) 1 (50) 0 (0) 28 (22.3) 18 (21.5) 16 (20)
A. baumannii (n = 36) 17 (15.8) 1 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 20 (15.7) 24 (28.6) 18 (22.5)
Burkholderia (n = 2) 0 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (1.6) 2 (2.4) 4 (5)
Enterobacter Spp.(n = 2) 2 (1.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (1.6) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.25)
Other GNBa
(n = 11)
7 (6.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 7 (5.5) 4 (5.7) 5 (6.25)
Total (n = 206) 107 (52) 5 (2.4) 7 (3.4) 2 (0.9) 0 (0) 126 (61.1) 84 (40.7) 78 (37.8)
  1. aOther Gram-negative bacilli include: Citrobacter species (3), Serratia species (1), Proteus spp. (2), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (3), Vibrio vurneficus (1) and Morganella morganii (1)