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Table 1 Comparative analysis of relative thickness and diameter of A. muciniphila outer membrane on different media under dynamic culture

From: Study of growth, metabolism, and morphology of Akkermansia muciniphila with an in vitro advanced bionic intestinal reactor

Tukey’s multiple comparisons test Mean 1 Mean 2 Summary Adjusted P Value
a: BHI vs. PM 70.66 101.2 * 0.0159
a: BHI vs. HM 70.66 104.5 ** 0.0072
a: BHI vs. BPM 70.66 71.46 ns > 0.9999
a: BHI vs. BHM 70.66 72.11 ns > 0.9999
a: PM vs. HM 101.2 104.5 ns 0.9934
a: PM vs. BPM 101.2 71.46 * 0.0177
a: PM vs. BHM 101.2 72.11 * 0.0152
a: HM vs. BPM 104.5 71.46 ** 0.008
a: HM vs. BHM 104.5 72.11 ** 0.0068
a: BPM vs. BHM 72.11 72.11 ns > 0.9999
b: BHI vs. PM 871 985 * 0.0137
b: BHI vs. PM 871 999.3 ** 0.0035
b: BHI vs. BPM 871 980 * 0.0136
b: BHI vs. BHM 871 971.7 * 0.0214
b:PM vs. HM 985 999.3 ns 0.4533
b:PM vs. BPM 985 980 ns 0.9623
b:PM vs. BHM 985 971.7 ns 0.589
b:HM vs. BPM 999.3 980 ns 0.5442
b:HM vs. BHM 999.3 971.7 ns 0.3824
b: BPM vs. BHM 980 971.7 ns 0.1124
  1. Note: a: Relative thickness of the outer membrane of A. muciniphila, b: Diameter of A. muciniphila. The brain heart infusion broth (BHI), porcine mucin (PM), human mucin (HM), BHI+ porcine mucin (BPM), and BHI+ human mucin (BHM). The data are shown as the mean ± SD (n = 4) and analyzed using one-way ANOVA with Tukey’s test, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01