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Table 4 Association of selected community state types with prevalent HPV, HR-HPV, and HIV infections

From: The penile microbiota of Black South African men: relationship with human papillomavirus and HIV infection

CSTHPV prevalence
(% (n/N))
OR (95% CI)
(p-value#)
HR-HPV prevalence
(% (n/N))
OR (95% CI)
(p-value#)
HIV prevalence
(% (n/N))
OR (95% CI)
(p-value#)
CST-151.2 (65/127)Ref36.2 (46/127)Ref33.9 (43/127)Ref
CST-254.5 (12/22)1.1 (0.5–2.8)
0.821
54.5 (12/22)2.1 (0.8–5.3)
0.154
40.9 (9/22)1.4 (0.5–3.4)
0.629
CST-357.1 (12/21)1.3 (0.5–3.2)
0.645
42.9 (9/21)1.3 (0.5–3.4)
0.629
19.0 (4/21)0.5 (0.1–1.5)
0.213
CST-570.5 (31/44)2.3 (1.1–4.7)
0.034
61.4 (27/44)2.8 (1.4–5.7)
0.005
50.0 (22/44)2.0 (1.0–3.9)
0.072
  1. Abbreviations: CST Community state type, HPV Human papillomavirus, HR-HPV High-risk human papillomavirus, HIV Human immunodeficiency virus, OD Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, Ref Reference
  2. #p-values were computed using Fisher’s exact test. Significant p-values (< 0.05) are shown in bold