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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions for the risk of drug resistance

From: Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and drug resistance in different provinces of Papua New Guinea

Explanatory variable Pan-susceptible n = 189 (89.15%) Resistant n = 23 (10.85%) Univariate regression: associations with DR Multivariate regression: associations with DR
    Crude OR (95% CI) p-value Adj. OR (95% CI) p-value
Study site n (%)       
Goroka* 50 (26.46) 6 (26.09)     
Alotau 58 (30.69) 8 (34.78) 1.1 (0.4 - 3.5) 0.808   
Madang 81 (42.86) 9 (39.13) 0.9 (0.3 - 2.8) 0.890   
Sex, n (%)       
Men* 92 (48.68) 11 (47.83)     
Women 97 (51.32) 12 (52.17) 1.0 (0.4 - 2.5) 0.939   
Age - median years [IQR] 29 [24-40] 31 [25-50] 1.0 [1.0 - 1.1] 0.267   
HIV status       
Negative* 67 (83.75) 11 (78.57)     
Positive 13 (16.25) 3 (21.43) 1.4 (0.3 - 5.7) 0.636   
TB treatment history, n (%)       
No* 155 (92.26) 15 (71.43)     
Yes 13 (7.74) 6 (28.57) 5.5 (1.8 - 16.8) 0.003 4.2 (1.1 - 16.7) 0.040
Lineage 2       
No* 72 (57.14) 6 (35.29)     
Yes 54 (42.86) 11 (64.71) 2.44 (0.85 - 7.02) 0.097 3.4 (1.0 - 11.2) 0.041
  1. *reference category.
  2. IQR = interquartile range; DR = drug resistance; OR = odds ratio.