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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the studied subjects.

From: Imbalances in faecal and duodenal Bifidobacterium species composition in active and non-active coeliac disease

Characteristics Active CD Non-active CD Control
Number of patients 30 18 30
Age (average months and SD) 56.4 (38.5) 65.2 (37.7) 45.0 (33.5)
Gender    
   - male 12/30 (40.0%) 8/18 (44.4%) 13/30 (43.3%)
   - female 18/30 (60.0%) 10/18 (55.6%) 17/30 (56.7%)
Clinical    
   - Abdominal 2/30 (6.6%) - -
   - Diarrhoea 28/30 (93.4%) 2/18 (11.1%) -
   - Weight loss 9/30 (30.0%) - -
   - Anaemia 14/30 (46.6%) 8/18 (44.4%) -
Biochemical    
   - Asymptomatic 4/30 (13.3%) 18/18 (100%) -
   - Iron deficiency 10/30 (33.3%) - -
Serology    
AGA (anti-gliadin antibodies) AGA + (100%) AGA + (0%) AGA + (0%)
t-TG (anti-transglutaminase antibodies) t-TG + (100%) t-TG + (0%) t-TG + (0%)
Duodenal Biopsy a M3 (100%) M0-1 (100%) M0-1 (100%)
  1. a Modified Marsh Classification of CD[18]. M0: Normal mucosa; CD highly unlikely. M01: (Infiltrative lesion): Seen in patients on a gluten-free diet (suggesting minimal amounts of gliadin are being ingested); patients with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH); and family members of patients with CD. M2 (Hyperplasic type): seen occasionally in DH. M3: > 40 Intraepithelial Lymphocytes per 100 Enterocytes, crypts increased and villi with atrophy (partial or complete villous atrophy).