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Table 2 Efficacy of a clear skin antiseptic on the forehead applied for 2.5 min

From: Efficacy of two ethanol-based skin antiseptics on the forehead at shorter application times

Study facility and number of subjects Sampling time after beginning of application Mean pre-value of bacterial density RF (mean and stdev) of reference treatment (10 min exposure) RF (mean and stdev) of clear skin antiseptic A (2.5 min exposure) p-value
A (n = 20) 10 min/2.5 min 3.97 ± 0.47 2.08 ± 0.86 3.33 ± 0.38 < 0.001
  30 min   2.36 ± 0.63 3.05 ± 0.49 < 0.001
B (n = 20) 10 min/2.5 min 3.57 ± 0.48 2.79 ± 0.92 3.17 ± 0.67 0.028
  30 min   3.02 ± 0.69 2.92 ± 0.69 0.58
C (n = 23) 10 min/2.5 min 4.21 ± 0.71 1.77 ± 1.18 1.86 ± 1.40 0.51
  30 min   2.40 ± 1.29 2.39 ± 1.49 0.84
All (n = 63) 10 min n.a. 2.19 ± 1.08 2.74 ± 1.16 < 0.001
  30 min   2.59 ± 0.97 2.77 ± 1.04 0.053