Liver colonization drives the downregulation of ileal Fgf15 expression. (A) relative levels of Fgf15 transcripts in the ileum of mice infected orally or intravenously with Listeria monocytogenes. (B) transcript levels of genes involved in liver biliary metabolism in mice infected intravenously with Listeria monocytogenes, relative to the levels of uninfected animals (defined as 1, dashed line). (C) relative levels of Fgf15 transcripts in the ilea of mice infected intravenously with Salmonella typhimurium SB103 (invA), at 120 hours post-infection. Data by qPCR, *p < 0.05.