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Table 1 Effects of NAC (mg/ml) on biofilm structures of PAO1

From: N-acetylcysteine inhibit biofilms produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Features control NAC 0.5 NAC 1 NAC 2.5 NAC 5
Biomass (μm3/μm2) 2.79 ± 0.64 1.63* ± 0.46 0.98* ± 0.57 0.34* ± 0.17 0.23* ± 0.12
Substratum coverage 0.52 ± 0.19 0.34 ± 0.11 0.35 ± 0.19 0.20* ± 0.08 0.21* ± 0.11
Average thickness (μm) 2.70 ± 0.80 1.47* ± 0.47 0.75* ± 0.51 0.19* ± 0.16 0.01* ± 0.01
Maximum thickness (μm) 10.20 ± 1.64 8.40* ± 1.92 5.20* ± 1.64 3.00* ± 0.80 1.60* ± 0.48
Surface area of biomass (μm2) 162515.9 ± 27990.3 99499.0* ± 25130.4 102665.0* ± 50400.6 49869.1* ± 24393.6 41504.3* ± 18129.7
Surface to volume ratio (μm2/μm3) 1.39 ± 0.33 1.41 ± 0.12 2.66* ± 0.56 3.64* ± 0.78 4.47* ± 0.66
Roughness coefficient 1.12 ± 0.19 1.43 ± 0.14 1.53* ± 0.27 1.72* ± 0.25 1.97* ± 0.02
  1. Note: n = 10 image stacks, *compared with control, P < 0.01