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  1. Content type: Methodology article

    Micro-biological research relies on the use of model organisms that act as representatives of their species or subspecies, these are frequently well-characterized laboratory strains. However, it has often beco...

    Authors: BR Holland and J Schmid

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:26

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Each Caulobacter crescentus cell division yields two distinct cell types: a flagellated swarmer cell and a non-motile stalked cell. The swarmer cell is further distinguished from the stalked cell by an inability ...

    Authors: Jennifer C England and James W Gober

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:25

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is inherently resistant to many antimicrobials. So far, antimicrobial susceptibility tests for S. maltophilia have not been fully standardized. The purpose of the study was to compare...

    Authors: Müşerref Tatman-Otkun, Şaban Gürcan, Burçin Özer, Bayram Aydoslu and Şebnem Bukavaz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:24

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) share the ability to introduce attaching-and-effacing (A/E) lesions on intestinal cells. The genetic determinants for the ...

    Authors: Miguel Blanco, Sandra Schumacher, Taurai Tasara, Claudio Zweifel, Jesús E Blanco, Ghizlane Dahbi, Jorge Blanco and Roger Stephan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:23

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The mechanisms of abortion induced by bacterial infection are largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated abortion induced by Brucella abortus, a causative agent of brucellosis and facultative intracel...

    Authors: Suk Kim, Dong Soo Lee, Kenta Watanabe, Hidefumi Furuoka, Hiroshi Suzuki and Masahisa Watarai

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:22

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  6. Content type: Research article

    There are several differences associated with the behaviour of the four main experimental Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains, FA1090, FA19, MS11, and F62. Although there is data concerning the gene complements of thes...

    Authors: Philip W Jordan, Lori AS Snyder and Nigel J Saunders

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:21

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Tat is being tested as a component of HIV vaccines. Tat activity has been mainly investigated on cells of lymphoid/hematopoietic lineages. HIV-1, however, is known to infect many different cells of both solid ...

    Authors: Alessia A Bettaccini, Andreina Baj, Roberto S Accolla, Fulvio Basolo and Antonio Q Toniolo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:20

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Thousands of different microorganisms affect the health, safety, and economic stability of populations. Many different medical and governmental organizations have created lists of the pathogenic microorganisms...

    Authors: David J Ecker, Rangarajan Sampath, Paul Willett, Jacqueline R Wyatt, Vivek Samant, Christian Massire, Thomas A Hall, Kumar Hari, John A McNeil, Cornelia Büchen-Osmond and Bruce Budowle

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:19

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Alkanes have been hypothesized to act as universal inducers of bacterial cytochrome P450 gene expression. We tested this hypothesis on an unusual P450 gene (cyp110) found on a conserved 11 kilobase episomal DNA e...

    Authors: Sergio Torres, Conrad R Fjetland and Peter J Lammers

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:16

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    The accurate identification of Lactobacillus and other co-isolated bacteria during microbial ecological studies of ecosystems such as the human or animal intestinal tracts and food products is a hard task by phen...

    Authors: João Luiz S Moreira, Rodrigo M Mota, Maria F Horta, Santuza MR Teixeira, Elisabeth Neumann, Jacques R Nicoli and Álvaro C Nunes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:15

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  11. Content type: Methodology article

    Currently, most laboratories identify yeasts routinely on the basis of morphology and biochemical reactivity. This approach has quite often limited discriminatory power and may require long incubation periods....

    Authors: Thierry De Baere, Anne Van Keerberghen, Peter Van Hauwe, Hans De Beenhouwer, An Boel, Gerda Verschraegen, Geert Claeys and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:14

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  12. Content type: Methodology article

    Outbreaks with mass mortality among common carp Cyprinus carpio carpio and koi Cyprinus carpio koi have occurred worldwide since 1998. The herpes-like virus isolated from diseased fish is different from Herpesvir...

    Authors: Herve Bercovier, Yolanta Fishman, Ronen Nahary, Sharon Sinai, Amir Zlotkin, Marina Eyngor, Oren Gilad, Avi Eldar and Ronald P Hedrick

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:13

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Rickettsiae closely related to the Malish strain, the reference Rickettsia conorii strain, include Indian tick typhus rickettsia (ITTR), Israeli spotted fever rickettsia (ISFR), and Astrakhan fever rickettsia (AF...

    Authors: Yong Zhu, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Marina Eremeeva and Didier Raoult

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:11

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Like many other pathogens, enterohaemorrhagic and enteropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli employ a type-III secretion system to translocate bacterial effector proteins into host cells, where they then disrup...

    Authors: Mark J Pallen, Scott A Beatson and Christopher M Bailey

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:9

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Several strains of bacteria have sequenced and annotated genomes, which have been used in conjunction with biochemical and physiological data to reconstruct genome-scale metabolic networks. Such reconstruction...

    Authors: Scott A Becker and Bernhard Ø Palsson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:8

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Pertussis toxin (PT) is an exotoxin virulence factor produced by Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough. PT consists of an active subunit (S1) that ADP-ribosylates the alpha subunit of severa...

    Authors: Nicholas H Carbonetti, R Michael Mays, Galina V Artamonova, Roger D Plaut and Zoë EV Worthington

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:7

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydial bacteria are obligate intracellular pathogens containing a cysteine-rich porin (Major Outer Membrane Protein, MOMP) with important structural and, in many species, immunity-related roles. MOMP forms...

    Authors: Heather E Findlay, Heather McClafferty and Richard H Ashley

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:5

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Serotyping of O-(lipopolysaccharide) and H-(flagellar) antigens is a wideley used method for identification of pathogenic strains and clones of Escherichia coli. At present, 176 O- and 53 H-antigens are described...

    Authors: Lothar Beutin, Eckhard Strauch, Sonja Zimmermann, Stefan Kaulfuss, Christoph Schaudinn, Andrea Männel and Hans R Gelderblom

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:4

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The intracellular bacterium Chlamydia pneumoniae is suspected to play a role in formation and progression of atherosclerosis. Many studies investigated cell death initiation versus inhibition by Chlamydia pneumon...

    Authors: Claudia Dumrese, Christine F Maurus, Daniel Gygi, Mårten KJ Schneider, Michael Walch, Peter Groscurth and Urs Ziegler

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:2

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  20. Content type: Methodology article

    Although Aspergillus fumigatus is an important human fungal pathogen there are few expression systems available to study the contribution of specific genes to the growth and virulence of this opportunistic mould....

    Authors: Keith Vogt, Ruchi Bhabhra, Judith C Rhodes and David S Askew

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:1

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  21. Content type: Methodology article

    Enterobacter aerogenes and Klebsiella pneumoniae are common isolates in clinical microbiology and important as producers of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL). The discrimination between both species, which is...

    Authors: Geert Claeys, Thierry De Baere, Georges Wauters, Patricia Vandecandelaere, Gerda Verschraegen, An Muylaert and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:49

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The genome of Protochlamydia amoebophila UWE25, a Parachlamydia-related endosymbiont of free-living amoebae, was recently published, providing the opportunity to search for genomic islands (GIs).

    Authors: Gilbert Greub, François Collyn, Lionel Guy and Claude-Alain Roten

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:48

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  23. Content type: Research article

    DnaA is an essential protein in the regulation and initiation of DNA replication in many bacteria. It forms a protein-DNA complex at oriC to which DnaC loads DnaB. DNA replication forks initiated at oriC by DnaA ...

    Authors: Tania Hinds and Steven J Sandler

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:47

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  24. Content type: Methodology article

    To understand mycobacterial pathogenesis analysis of gene expression by quantification of RNA levels becomes increasingly important. However, current preparation methods yield mycobacterial RNA that is contami...

    Authors: Joachim Stephan, Johannes G Bail, Fritz Titgemeyer and Michael Niederweis

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:45

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  25. Content type: Methodology article

    E. sakazakii is considered to be an opportunistic pathogen, implicated in food borne diseases causing meningitis or enteritis especially in neonates and infants. Cultural standard identification procedures for E....

    Authors: Angelika Lehner, Taurai Tasara and Roger Stephan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:43

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Immunofluorescence and virus culture are the main methods used to diagnose acute respiratory virus infections. Diagnosing these infections using nucleic acid amplification presents technical challenges, one of...

    Authors: Peter V Coyle, Grace M Ong, Hugh J O'Neill, Conall McCaughey, Dennis De Ornellas, Frederick Mitchell, Suzanne J Mitchell, Susan A Feeney, Dorothy E Wyatt, Marian Forde and Joanne Stockton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:41

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In animal pathogenic bacteria, horizontal gene transfer events (HGT) have been frequently observed in genomic regions that encode functions involved in biosynthesis of the outer membrane located lipopolysaccha...

    Authors: Prabhu B Patil and Ramesh V Sonti

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:40

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis remains a major world-wide health threat which demands the discovery and characterisation of new drug targets in order to develop future antimycobacterials. The regeneration of methionine consumed...

    Authors: Erik S Venos, Marvin H Knodel, Cynthia L Radford and Bradley J Berger

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:39

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The diphtheria toxin repressor, DtxR, of Corynebacterium diphtheriae has been shown to be an iron-activated transcription regulator that controls not only the expression of diphtheria toxin but also of iron uptak...

    Authors: Sailu Yellaboina, Sarita Ranjan, Prachee Chakhaiyar, Seyed Ehtesham Hasnain and Akash Ranjan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:38

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The Mycoplasma hominis vaa gene encodes a highly variable, surface antigen involved in the adhesion to host cells. We have analysed the structure of the vaa locus to elucidate the genetic basis for variation of v...

    Authors: Thomas Boesen, Jeppe Emmersen, Agata Baczynska, Svend Birkelund and Gunna Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:37

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  31. Content type: Methodology article

    Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis. Pneumococcal meningitis is associated with the highest mortality among bacterial meningitis and it may also lead to neurological sequelae des...

    Authors: Damiana Chiavolini, Sergio Tripodi, Riccardo Parigi, Marco R Oggioni, Elisabetta Blasi, Marcella Cintorino, Gianni Pozzi and Susanna Ricci

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:36

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  32. Content type: Methodology article

    Mycoplasma hominis is associated with pelvic inflammatory disease, bacterial vaginosis, post partum fever, sepsis and infections of the central nervous system often leading to serious conditions. Association with...

    Authors: Agata Baczynska, Helle F Svenstrup, Jens Fedder, Svend Birkelund and Gunna Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:35

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Infection of intestinal epithelial cells by pathogenic Salmonella leads to activation of signaling cascades that ultimately initiate the proinflammatory gene program. The transcription factor NF-κB is a key regul...

    Authors: Thomas Tallant, Amitabha Deb, Niladri Kar, Joseph Lupica, Michael J de Veer and Joseph A DiDonato

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:33

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Gram-negative bacteria cause most nosocomial respiratory infections. At the University of Cumhuriyet, we examined 328 respiratory isolates of Enterobacteriaceae and Acinetobacter baumanii organisms in Sivas, Turk...

    Authors: Ugur Gonlugur, Mustafa Zahir Bakici, Ibrahim Akkurt and Tanseli Efeoglu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:32

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The fliC and fljB genes in Salmonella code for the phase 1 (H1) and phase 2 (H2) flagellin respectively, the rfb cluster encodes the majority of enzymes for polysaccharide (O) antigen biosynthesis, together they ...

    Authors: Chloe KB Mortimer, Tansy M Peters, Saheer E Gharbia, Julie MJ Logan and Catherine Arnold

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:31

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Certain strains of an obligate parasite of the human upper respiratory tract, nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), can cause invasive diseases such as septicemia and meningitis, as well as chronic mucosal i...

    Authors: Dayle A Daines, Justin Jarisch and Arnold L Smith

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:30

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Virus-like particles (VLPs) formed by the human papillomavirus (HPV) L1 capsid protein are currently being tested in clinical trials as prophylactic vaccines against genital warts and cervical cancer. The effi...

    Authors: Vanessa A Olcese, Yan Chen, Richard Schlegel and Hang Yuan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:29

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infection, claiming millions of lives annually. The virus infects various cells of the respiratory tract as well as resident inflam...

    Authors: Vira Bitko, Nicolle E Garmon, Tin Cao, Benjamin Estrada, John E Oakes, Robert N Lausch and Sailen Barik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2004 4:28

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