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  1. The filamentous fungus Sordaria macrospora forms complex three-dimensional fruiting bodies called perithecia that protect the developing ascospores and ensure their proper discharge. In previous microarray analys...

    Authors: Minou Nowrousian and Patricia Cebula

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:64

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Group A streptococcal (GAS) infections can lead to the development of severe post-infectious sequelae, such as rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). RF and RHD are a major health concern in d...

    Authors: Nonglak Yoonim, Colleen Olive, Chulabhorn Pruksachatkunakorn, Michael F Good and Sumalee Pruksakorn

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:63

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The microbiological diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is usually made using Nugent's criteria, a useful but rather laborious scoring system based on counting bacterial cell types on Gram stained slides of vagin...

    Authors: Rita Verhelst, Hans Verstraelen, Geert Claeys, Gerda Verschraegen, Leen Van Simaey, Catharine De Ganck, Ellen De Backer, Marleen Temmerman and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:61

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Analysis of the first reported complete genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum NCC2705, an actinobacterium colonizing the gastrointestinal tract, uncovered its proteomic relatedness to Streptomyces coelicolor ...

    Authors: Lionel Guy, Dimitri Karamata, Philippe Moreillon and Claude-Alain H Roten

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:60

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Polyamines such as spermine and spermidine are required for growth of Escherichia coli; they interact with nucleic acids, and they bind to ribosomes. Polyamines block porins and decrease membrane permeability, ac...

    Authors: Elizabeth Yohannes, Amy E Thurber, Jessica C Wilks, Daniel P Tate and Joan L Slonczewski

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:59

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We present an overview of bacterial non-classical secretion and a prediction method for identification of proteins following signal peptide independent secretion pathways. We have compiled a list of proteins f...

    Authors: Jannick D Bendtsen, Lars Kiemer, Anders Fausbøll and Søren Brunak

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:58

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Two putative methionine aminopeptidase genes, map (essential) and yflG (non-essential), were identified in the genome sequence of Bacillus subtilis. We investigated whether they can function as methionine aminope...

    Authors: CongHui You, HongYan Lu, Agnieszka Sekowska, Gang Fang, YiPing Wang, Anne-Marie Gilles and Antoine Danchin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:57

    Content type: Research article

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  8. It has been speculated that the γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (ggt) gene is present only in Neisseria meningitidis and not among related species such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria lactamica, because N. menin...

    Authors: Hideyuki Takahashi and Haruo Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:56

    Content type: Research article

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  9. More than 200 studies related to nucleic acid amplification (NAA) tests to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis directly from clinical specimens have appeared in the world literature since this technology was first ...

    Authors: Laura L Flores, Madhukar Pai, John M Colford Jr and Lee W Riley

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:55

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Formation of alternative structures in mRNA in response to external stimuli, either direct or mediated by proteins or other RNAs, is a major mechanism of regulation of gene expression in bacteria. This mechani...

    Authors: Alexander V Seliverstov, Harald Putzer, Mikhail S Gelfand and Vassily A Lyubetsky

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:54

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Microbial biofilms exist all over the natural world, a distribution that is paralleled by metal cations and oxyanions. Despite this reality, very few studies have examined how biofilms withstand exposure to th...

    Authors: Joe J Harrison, Raymond J Turner and Howard Ceri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:53

    Content type: Methodology article

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  12. Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacterium known for producing protein crystals with insecticidal properties. These toxins are widely sought after for controlling agricultural pests due to both their specificity and t...

    Authors: Joanne Rampersad and David Ammons

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:52

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The current model for the developmental cycle of Streptomyces confluent cultures on agar surface is based on the assumption that the only differentiation takes place along the transverse axis (bottom-up): a veget...

    Authors: Angel Manteca, Marisol Fernandez and Jesus Sanchez

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:51

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The sexually transmitted disease, gonorrhea, is a serious health problem in developed as well as in developing countries, for which treatment continues to be a challenge. The recent completion of the genome se...

    Authors: Thomas Brettin, Michael R Altherr, Ying Du, Roxie M Mason, Alexandra Friedrich, Laura Potter, Chris Langford, Thomas J Keller, Jason Jens, Heather Howie, Nathan J Weyand, Susan Clary, Kimberly Prichard, Susi Wachocki, Erica Sodergren, Joseph P Dillard…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:50

    Content type: Methodology article

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  15. The metabolism of the rigid bacterial cell wall heteropolymer peptidoglycan is a dynamic process requiring continuous biosynthesis and maintenance involving the coordination of both lytic and synthetic enzymes...

    Authors: Joel T Weadge, John M Pfeffer and Anthony J Clarke

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:49

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The oomycete Saprolegnia parasitica is one of the most economically important fish pathogens. There is a dramatic recrudescence of Saprolegnia infections in aquaculture since the use of the toxic organic dye mala...

    Authors: Trudy Torto-Alalibo, Miaoying Tian, Kamal Gajendran, Mark E Waugh, Pieter van West and Sophien Kamoun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:46

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Heterologous prime-boost immunization protocols using different gene expression systems have proven to be successful tools in protecting against various diseases in experimental animal models. The main reason ...

    Authors: SE Aleshin, AV Timofeev, MV Khoretonenko, LG Zakharova, GV Pashvykina, JR Stephenson, AM Shneider and AD Altstein

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:45

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Population-based bacterial genetics using repeated DNA loci is an efficient approach to study the biodiversity and phylogeographical structure of human pathogens, such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the agent of ...

    Authors: Thierry Zozio, Caroline Allix, Selami Gunal, Zeynep Saribas, Alpaslan Alp, Riza Durmaz, Maryse Fauville-Dufaux, Nalin Rastogi and Christophe Sola

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:44

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). With chronicity of infection, the organism resides as a biofilm, shows multi-drug resistance, diversif...

    Authors: Gunjan Agarwal, Arti Kapil, Susheel Kumar Kabra, Bimal Kumar Das and Sada Nand Dwivedi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:43

    Content type: Software

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  20. Salmonella enterica subspecies I includes several closely related serovars which differ in host ranges and ability to cause disease. The basis for the diversity in host range and pathogenic potential of the serov...

    Authors: Vesela Encheva, Robin Wait, Saheer E Gharbia, Shajna Begum and Haroun N Shah

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:42

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Metal reduction is thought to take place at or near the bacterial outer membrane and, thus, outer membrane proteins in the model dissimilatory metal-reducing organism Geobacter sulfurreducens are of interest to u...

    Authors: Eman Afkar, Gemma Reguera, Marianne Schiffer and Derek R Lovley

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:41

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Genome-scale flux models are useful tools to represent and analyze microbial metabolism. In this work we reconstructed the metabolic network of the lactic acid bacteria Lactococcus lactis and developed a genome-s...

    Authors: Ana Paula Oliveira, Jens Nielsen and Jochen Förster

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:39

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A fundamental question that arises during epidemiological investigations of bacterial disease outbreaks is whether the outbreak strain is genetically related to a proposed index strain. Highly discriminating g...

    Authors: Betsy J Bricker and Darla R Ewalt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:37

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Streptococcus pneumoniae, particularly penicillin-resistant strains (PRSP), constitute one of the most important causes of serious infections worldwide. It is a fastidious microorganism with exquisite nutritional...

    Authors: Andrea V Restrepo, Beatriz E Salazar, María Agudelo, Carlos A Rodriguez, Andres F Zuluaga and Omar Vesga

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:34

    Content type: Methodology article

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  25. Genomic diversity of H. pylori from many different human populations is largely unknown. We compared genomes of 65 H. pylori strains from Nottingham, England. Molecular analysis was carried out to identify rearra...

    Authors: Farhana Kauser, M Abid Hussain, Irshad Ahmed, Sriramula Srinivas, S Manjulata Devi, Ahmed A Majeed, K Rajender Rao, Aleem A Khan, Leonardo A Sechi and Niyaz Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:32

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus; GBS) is a major contributor to obstetric and neonatal bacterial sepsis. Serotype III strains cause the majority of late-onset sepsis and meningitis in babies, and ...

    Authors: Mark A Herbert, Catriona JE Beveridge, David McCormick, Emmelien Aten, Nicola Jones, Lori AS Snyder and Nigel J Saunders

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:31

    Content type: Research article

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  27. We correlated genotypes, virulence factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of nosocomially identified Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from clinical specimens to those of environmental isolates encounter...

    Authors: Ghassan M Matar, Mira H Chaar, George F Araj, Zaher Srour, Ghassan Jamaleddine and Usamah Hadi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:29

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Micro-biological research relies on the use of model organisms that act as representatives of their species or subspecies, these are frequently well-characterized laboratory strains. However, it has often beco...

    Authors: BR Holland and J Schmid

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:26

    Content type: Methodology article

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  29. Each Caulobacter crescentus cell division yields two distinct cell types: a flagellated swarmer cell and a non-motile stalked cell. The swarmer cell is further distinguished from the stalked cell by an inability ...

    Authors: Jennifer C England and James W Gober

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:25

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is inherently resistant to many antimicrobials. So far, antimicrobial susceptibility tests for S. maltophilia have not been fully standardized. The purpose of the study was to compare...

    Authors: Müşerref Tatman-Otkun, Şaban Gürcan, Burçin Özer, Bayram Aydoslu and Şebnem Bukavaz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:24

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) share the ability to introduce attaching-and-effacing (A/E) lesions on intestinal cells. The genetic determinants for the ...

    Authors: Miguel Blanco, Sandra Schumacher, Taurai Tasara, Claudio Zweifel, Jesús E Blanco, Ghizlane Dahbi, Jorge Blanco and Roger Stephan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:23

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The mechanisms of abortion induced by bacterial infection are largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated abortion induced by Brucella abortus, a causative agent of brucellosis and facultative intracel...

    Authors: Suk Kim, Dong Soo Lee, Kenta Watanabe, Hidefumi Furuoka, Hiroshi Suzuki and Masahisa Watarai

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:22

    Content type: Research article

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  33. There are several differences associated with the behaviour of the four main experimental Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains, FA1090, FA19, MS11, and F62. Although there is data concerning the gene complements of thes...

    Authors: Philip W Jordan, Lori AS Snyder and Nigel J Saunders

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:21

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Tat is being tested as a component of HIV vaccines. Tat activity has been mainly investigated on cells of lymphoid/hematopoietic lineages. HIV-1, however, is known to infect many different cells of both solid ...

    Authors: Alessia A Bettaccini, Andreina Baj, Roberto S Accolla, Fulvio Basolo and Antonio Q Toniolo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:20

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Thousands of different microorganisms affect the health, safety, and economic stability of populations. Many different medical and governmental organizations have created lists of the pathogenic microorganisms...

    Authors: David J Ecker, Rangarajan Sampath, Paul Willett, Jacqueline R Wyatt, Vivek Samant, Christian Massire, Thomas A Hall, Kumar Hari, John A McNeil, Cornelia Büchen-Osmond and Bruce Budowle

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:19

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Alkanes have been hypothesized to act as universal inducers of bacterial cytochrome P450 gene expression. We tested this hypothesis on an unusual P450 gene (cyp110) found on a conserved 11 kilobase episomal DNA e...

    Authors: Sergio Torres, Conrad R Fjetland and Peter J Lammers

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2005 5:16

    Content type: Research article

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