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  1. The social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum executes a multicellular development program upon starvation. This morphogenetic process requires the differential regulation of a large number of genes and is coordinat...

    Authors: Juan J Vicente, María Galardi-Castilla, Ricardo Escalante and Leandro Sastre

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2008 8:1

    Content type: Research article

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  2. AP65 is a prominent adhesin of Trichomonas vaginalis that mediates binding of parasites to host vaginal epithelial cells (VECs). AP65 with no secretion signal sequence, membrane targeting peptide, and anchoring m...

    Authors: Ana F Garcia and JF Alderete

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:116

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Most studies of the vaginal microflora have been based on culture or on qualitative molecular techniques. Here we applied existing real-time PCR formats for Lactobacillus crispatus, L. gasseri and Gardnerella vag...

    Authors: Ellen De Backer, Rita Verhelst, Hans Verstraelen, Mohammed A Alqumber, Jeremy P Burton, John R Tagg, Marleen Temmerman and Mario Vaneechoutte

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:115

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The IgA1 protease of Streptococcus pneumoniae is a proteolytic enzyme that specifically cleaves the hinge regions of human IgA1, which dominates most mucosal surfaces and is the major IgA isotype in serum. This p...

    Authors: Francesca De Paolis, Elisa Beghetto, Andrea Spadoni, Francesca Montagnani, Franco Felici, Marco R Oggioni and Nicola Gargano

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:113

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Enterococci have emerged as a significant cause of nosocomial infections in many parts of the world over the last decade. The most common enterococci strains present in clinical isolates are E. faecalis and E. fa...

    Authors: Chan Yean Yean, Lee Su Yin, Pattabhiraman Lalitha and Manickam Ravichandran

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:112

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Along with angioplasty, autologus vein grafts are commonly used for artery bypass grafting in patients with advanced arterial stenosis and drug-resistant angina pectoris. Although initially a successful proced...

    Authors: Geoffrey TL Kloppenburg, Rick de Graaf, Gert ELM Grauls, Cathrien A Bruggeman and Frank R Stassen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:111

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sunflower downy mildew is a major disease caused by the obligatory biotrophic oomycete Plasmopara halstedii. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying its pathogenicity. In this study we used a ge...

    Authors: Mohamed Fouad Bouzidi, Francis Parlange, Paul Nicolas and Said Mouzeyar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:110

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Shiga toxins 1 and 2 (Stx1 and Stx2) are bacteriophage-encoded proteins that have been associated with hemorrhagic colitis, hemolytic uremic syndrome and other severe disease conditions. Stx1 and Stx2 are gene...

    Authors: James E Lee, Junelina Reed, Malcolm S Shields, Kathleen M Spiegel, Larry D Farrell and Peter P Sheridan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:109

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The metagenomic analysis of microbial communities holds the potential to improve our understanding of the role of microbes in clinical conditions. Recent, dramatic improvements in DNA sequencing throughput and...

    Authors: Andreas Sundquist, Saharnaz Bigdeli, Roxana Jalili, Maurice L Druzin, Sarah Waller, Kristin M Pullen, Yasser Y El-Sayed, M Mark Taslimi, Serafim Batzoglou and Mostafa Ronaghi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:108

    Content type: Methodology article

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  10. Sporothrix schenckii is a pathogenic, dimorphic fungus, the etiological agent of sporotrichosis, a subcutaneous lymphatic mycosis. Dimorphism in S. schenckii responds to second messengers such as cAMP and calcium...

    Authors: Liz Valle-Aviles, Shirley Valentin-Berrios, Ricardo R Gonzalez-Mendez and Nuri Rodriguez-del Valle

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:107

    Content type: Research article

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  11. An available whole genome sequence for Aspergillus flavus provides the opportunity to characterize factors involved in pathogenicity and to elucidate the regulatory networks involved in aflatoxin biosynthesis. Fu...

    Authors: Zhu-Mei He, Michael S Price, Gregory R OBrian, D Ryan Georgianna and Gary A Payne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:104

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolates have been classified in eight genotypes, A to H, which exhibit distinct geographical distributions. Genotypes A, D and F are predominant in Brazil, a country formed by a misceg...

    Authors: Francisco CA Mello, Francisco JD Souto, Leticia C Nabuco, Cristiane A Villela-Nogueira, Henrique Sergio M Coelho, Helena Cristina F Franz, Joao Carlos P Saraiva, Helaine A Virgolino, Ana Rita C Motta-Castro, Mabel MM Melo, Regina MB Martins and Selma A Gomes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:103

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Legionella pneumophila is a facultative intracellular bacterium, capable of replicating within the phagosomes of macrophages and monocytes, but little is known about its interaction with human lung epithelial cel...

    Authors: Hiromitsu Teruya, Futoshi Higa, Morikazu Akamine, Chie Ishikawa, Taeko Okudaira, Koh Tomimori, Naofumi Mukaida, Masao Tateyama, Klaus Heuner, Jiro Fujita and Naoki Mori

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:102

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2011 11:136

  14. Reuterin produced from glycerol by Lactobacillus reuteri, a normal inhabitant of the human intestine, is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent. It has been postulated that reuterin could play a role in the probiot...

    Authors: Valentine Cleusix, Christophe Lacroix, Sabine Vollenweider, Marc Duboux and Gwenaelle Le Blay

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:101

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Bordetella holmesii is a human pathogen closely related to B. pertussis, the etiological agent of whooping cough. It is able to cause disease in immunocompromised patients, but also whooping cough-like symptoms i...

    Authors: Stefanie Link, Karin Schmitt, Dagmar Beier and Roy Gross

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:100

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Community acquired (CA) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) increasingly causes disease worldwide. USA300 has emerged as the predominant clone causing superficial and invasive infections in childre...

    Authors: Sarah K Highlander, Kristina G Hultén, Xiang Qin, Huaiyang Jiang, Shailaja Yerrapragada, Edward O Mason Jr, Yue Shang, Tiffany M Williams, Régine M Fortunov, Yamei Liu, Okezie Igboeli, Joseph Petrosino, Madhan Tirumalai, Akif Uzman, George E Fox, Ana Maria Cardenas…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:99

    Content type: Research article

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  17. For typing of Staphylococcus aureus, DNA sequencing of the repeat region of the protein A (spa) gene is a well established discriminatory method for outbreak investigations. Recently, it was hypothesized that thi...

    Authors: Alexander Mellmann, Thomas Weniger, Christoph Berssenbrügge, Jörg Rothgänger, Michael Sammeth, Jens Stoye and Dag Harmsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:98

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Global patterns of gene expression of Escherichia coli K-12 during growth transitions have been deeply investigated, however, comparable studies of E. coli O157:H7 have not been explored, particularly with respec...

    Authors: Teresa M Bergholz, Lukas M Wick, Weihong Qi, James T Riordan, Lindsey M Ouellette and Thomas S Whittam

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:97

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Environmental modulation of gene expression in Yersinia pestis is critical for its life style and pathogenesis. Using cDNA microarray technology, we have analyzed the global gene expression of this deadly pathoge...

    Authors: Yanping Han, Jingfu Qiu, Zhaobiao Guo, He Gao, Yajun Song, Dongsheng Zhou and Ruifu Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:96

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Bovine tuberculosis is a zoonotic problem in pastoral cattle and communities in Uganda. Tuberculin tests in pastoral cattle had shown a high herd but low animal prevalence, with a high proportion of avian reac...

    Authors: J Oloya, R Kazwala, A Lund, J Opuda-Asibo, B Demelash, E Skjerve, TB Johansen and B Djønne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:95

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The risk of mortality from pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is increased in patients with cirrhosis. However, the specific pneumococcal virulence factors and host immune defects responsible for this f...

    Authors: Katie L Propst-Graham, Laurel C Preheim, Elizabeth A Vander Top, Mary U Snitily and Martha J Gentry-Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:94

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Aeromonas spp. have been regarded as "emerging pathogens". Aeromonads possess multifactorial virulence and the production of many of these virulence determinants is associated with high cell density, a phenomenon...

    Authors: Kamlesh Jangid, Richard Kong, Milind S Patole and Yogesh S Shouche

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:93

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Paracoccidioides brasiliensis ecology is not completely understood, although several pieces of evidence point to the soil as its most probable habitat. The present study aimed to investigate the fungal growth, co...

    Authors: Gisela Ramos Terçarioli, Eduardo Bagagli, Gabriela Martins Reis, Raquel Cordeiro Theodoro, Sandra De Moraes Gimenes Bosco, Severino Assis da Graça Macoris and Virgínia Bodelão Richini-Pereira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:92

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Coxiella burnetii contains the IS1111 transposase which is present 20 times in the Nine Mile phase I (9Mi/I) genome. A single PCR primer that binds to each IS element, and primers specific to a region ~500-bp ups...

    Authors: Amy M Denison, Herbert A Thompson and Robert F Massung

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:91

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The predominant food borne pathogen in the western world today is Campylobacter. Campylobacter specific bacteriophages (phages) have been proposed as an alternative agent for reducing the burden of Campylobacter ...

    Authors: Vinni Mona Hansen, Hanne Rosenquist, Dorte Lau Baggesen, Stanley Brown and Bjarke Bak Christensen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:90

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Susceptibility to Bordetella pertussis infection varies widely. These differences can partly be explained by genetic host factors. HcB-28 mice are more resistant to B. pertussis infection than C3H mice, which cou...

    Authors: Sander Banus, Rob J Vandebriel, Jeroen LA Pennings, Eric R Gremmer, Piet W Wester, Henk J van Kranen, Timo M Breit, Peter Demant, Frits R Mooi, Barbara Hoebee and Tjeerd G Kimman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:88

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis has emerged as a significant foodborne pathogen throughout the world and is commonly characterized by phage typing. In Canada phage types (PT) 4, 8 and 13 predominate and i...

    Authors: Adam B Olson, Ashleigh K Andrysiak, Dobryan M Tracz, Jean Guard-Bouldin, Walter Demczuk, Lai-King Ng, Anne Maki, Frances Jamieson and Matthew W Gilmour

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:87

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Rotavirus is a worldwide cause of infectious infantile diarrhea that claims over 600,000 lives annually. Recently, two new vaccine candidates have been developed but their efficacy in developing countries, sti...

    Authors: Neha Pant, Harold Marcotte, Harald Brüssow, Lennart Svensson and Lennart Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:86

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Recent research suggests that alcohol-based skin antiseptics exhibit their efficacy on the resident skin flora of the forehead in less than 10 minutes. That is why we have looked at the efficacy of two ethanol...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Frank-Albert Pitten, Peter Heeg and Bärbel Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:85

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Salmonella enteritidis is suggested to translocate in the small intestine. In vivo it induces gene expression changes in the ileal mucosa and Peyer's patches. Stimulation of Salmonella translocation by dietary pr...

    Authors: Wendy Rodenburg, Jaap Keijer, Evelien Kramer, Susanne Roosing, Carolien Vink, Martijn B Katan, Roelof van der Meer and Ingeborg MJ Bovee-Oudenhoven

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:84

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Nucleic acid amplification techniques are being used increasingly in diagnosing tuberculosis. In developing countries clinical samples are often stored for subsequent analysis since molecular tests are conduct...

    Authors: Divya Pathak, Soumitesh Chakravorty, Mahmud Hanif and Jaya Sivaswami Tyagi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:83

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The transition from viral latency to lytic growth involves complex interactions among host and viral factors, and the extent to which host physiology is buffered from the virus during induction of lysis is not...

    Authors: Robin E Osterhout, Israel A Figueroa, Jay D Keasling and Adam P Arkin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:82

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2013 13:183

  33. Suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) strategy was used with extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (EXPEC) that cause avian colibacillosis (avian pathogenic E. coli or APEC) and human urinary tract in...

    Authors: Subhashinie Kariyawasam, Jennifer A Scaccianoce and Lisa K Nolan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:81

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Bifidobacteria are found at varying prevalence in human microbiota and seem to play an important role in the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Bifidobacteria are highly adapted to the human GIT which is refl...

    Authors: Ueli von Ah, Valeria Mozzetti, Christophe Lacroix, Ehab E Kheadr, Ismaïl Fliss and Leo Meile

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:79

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Pathogen identification in clinical routine is based on the cultivation of microbes with subsequent morphological and physiological characterisation lasting at least 24 hours. However, early and accurate ident...

    Authors: Herbert Wiesinger-Mayr, Klemens Vierlinger, Rudolf Pichler, Albert Kriegner, Alexander M Hirschl, Elisabeth Presterl, Levente Bodrossy and Christa Noehammer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:78

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Thermophilic Bacillus strains of phylogenetic Bacillus rRNA group 5 were described as a new genus Geobacillus. Their geographical distribution included oilfields, hay compost, hydrothermal vent or soils. The memb...

    Authors: Raja Noor Zaliha Raja Abd Rahman, Thean Chor Leow, Abu Bakar Salleh and Mahiran Basri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:77

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The Central Asian Strain1 (CAS1) genogroup of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is the most prevalent in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units variable number tandem repeat (M...

    Authors: Asho Ali, Zahra Hasan, Mahnaz Tanveer, Amna R Siddiqui, Solomon Ghebremichael, Gunilla Kallenius and Rumina Hasan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:76

    Content type: Research article

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  38. We present a picture of the biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Paraguay, an inland South American country harboring 5 million inhabitants with a tuberculosis notification rate of 38/100,000.

    Authors: Norma Candia, Beatriz Lopez, Thierry Zozio, Marcela Carrivale, Chyntia Diaz, Graciela Russomando, Nilda J de Romero, Juan C Jara, Lucia Barrera, Nalin Rastogi and Viviana Ritacco

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:75

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To date, 6 tick-borne rickettsiae pathogenic for humans are known to occur in Africa and 4 of them were first identified in ticks before being recognized as human pathogens.

    Authors: Kotaro Matsumoto, Philippe Parola, Jean-Marc Rolain, Kathryn Jeffery and Didier Raoult

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:74

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The application of molecular tools to the analysis of tuberculosis has revealed examples of clonal complexity, such as exogenous reinfection, coinfection, microevolution or compartmentalization. The detection ...

    Authors: Ana Martín, Marta Herránz, María Jesús Ruiz Serrano, Emilio Bouza and Darío García de Viedma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:73

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In Pseudomonas putida and Pseduomonas aeruginosa, the similar PpuR/RsaL/PpuI and LasR/RsaL/LasI acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) quorum sensing (QS) systems have been shown to be under considerable regulation by o...

    Authors: Iris Bertani, Giordano Rampioni, Livia Leoni and Vittorio Venturi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:71

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Curli, cellulose and the cell surface protein BapA are matrix components in Salmonella biofilms. In this study we have investigated the roles of these components for the morphology of bacteria grown as colonies o...

    Authors: Kristina Jonas, Henrik Tomenius, Abdul Kader, Staffan Normark, Ute Römling, Lyubov M Belova and Öjar Melefors

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:70

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Phospholipid biosynthesis commences with the acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) to form 1-acyl-G3P. This step is catalyzed by the PlsB protein in Escherichia coli. The gene encoding this protein has not been...

    Authors: Mika Yoshimura, Taku Oshima and Naotake Ogasawara

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:69

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The impact of infections with the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) for the development of atherosclerosis and restenosis is still unclear. Both a clear correlation and no correlation at all have been reported in c...

    Authors: Rainer Voisard, Tanja Krügers, Barbara Reinhardt, Bianca Vaida, Regine Baur, Tina Herter, Anke Lüske, Dorothea Weckermann, Karl Weingärtner, Wolfgang Rössler, Vinzenz Hombach and Thomas Mertens

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:68

    Content type: Research article

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