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  1. The impact of infections with the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) for the development of atherosclerosis and restenosis is still unclear. Both a clear correlation and no correlation at all have been reported in c...

    Authors: Rainer Voisard, Tanja Krügers, Barbara Reinhardt, Bianca Vaida, Regine Baur, Tina Herter, Anke Lüske, Dorothea Weckermann, Karl Weingärtner, Wolfgang Rössler, Vinzenz Hombach and Thomas Mertens

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:68

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Pathogenic yersiniae (Y. pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis, Y. enterocolitica) share a virulence plasmid encoding a type three secretion system (T3SS). This T3SS comprises more than 40 constituents. Among these are t...

    Authors: Svea Dittmann, Annika Schmid, Susanna Richter, Konrad Trülzsch, Jürgen Heesemann and Gottfried Wilharm

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:67

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Bioinformatic analysis of the genome sequence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae revealed the presence of nine probable prophage islands. The distribution, conservation and function of many of these sequences, and their ab...

    Authors: Andrzej Piekarowicz, Aneta Kłyż, Michał Majchrzak, Monika Adamczyk-Popławska, Timothy K Maugel and Daniel C Stein

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:66

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Bracoviruses (BVs), a group of double-stranded DNA viruses with segmented genomes, are mutualistic endosymbionts of parasitoid wasps. Virus particles are replication deficient and are produced only by female w...

    Authors: Christopher A Desjardins, Dawn E Gundersen-Rindal, Jessica B Hostetler, Luke J Tallon, Roger W Fuester, Michael C Schatz, Monica J Pedroni, Douglas W Fadrosh, Brian J Haas, Bradley S Toms, Dan Chen and Vishvanath Nene

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:61

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Glucosyltransferases (Gtfs), enzymes that produce extracellular glucans from dietary sucrose, contribute to dental plaque formation by Streptococcus gordonii and Streptococcus mutans. The alpha-amylase-binding pr...

    Authors: Biswendu Chaudhuri, Jennifer Rojek, M Margaret Vickerman, Jason M Tanzer and Frank A Scannapieco

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:60

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Bacteria of the genus Bartonella are responsible for a large variety of human and animal diseases. Serological typing of Bartonella is a method that can be used for differentiation and identification of Bartonell...

    Authors: Cyrille J Bonhomme, Claude Nappez and Didier Raoult

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:59

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Chromobacterium violaceum is a free-living bacterium able to survive under diverse environmental conditions. In this study we evaluate the genetic and physiological diversity of Chromobacterium sp. isolates from ...

    Authors: Cláudia I Lima-Bittencourt, Spartaco Astolfi-Filho, Edmar Chartone-Souza, Fabrício R Santos and Andréa MA Nascimento

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:58

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In prokaryotes, the ureases are multi-subunit, nickel-containing enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of urea to carbon dioxide and ammonia. The Brucella genomes contain two urease operons designated as ure 1 and...

    Authors: Aloka B Bandara, Andrea Contreras, Araceli Contreras-Rodriguez, Ana M Martins, Victor Dobrean, Sherry Poff-Reichow, Parthiban Rajasekaran, Nammalwar Sriranganathan, Gerhardt G Schurig and Stephen M Boyle

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:57

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) are associated with a spectrum of respiratory mucosal infections including: acute otitis media (AOM); chronic otitis media with effusion (COME); otorrhea; locally ...

    Authors: Farrel J Buchinsky, Michael L Forbes, Jay D Hayes, Kai Shen, Suzanne Ezzo, James Compliment, Justin Hogg, N Luisa Hiller, Fen Ze Hu, J Christopher Post and Garth D Ehrlich

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:56

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Listeria monocytogenes has been implicated in several food borne outbreaks as well as sporadic cases of disease. Increased understanding of the biology of this organism is important in the prevention of food b...

    Authors: Jens Bo Andersen, Bent B Roldgaard, Bjarke Bak Christensen and Tine Rask Licht

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:55

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Helicobacter pylori infection is exceptionally prevalent and is considered to be acquired primarily early in life through person-to-person transmission within the family. H. pylori is a genetically diverse bacter...

    Authors: Mårten Kivi, Sandra Rodin, Ilya Kupershmidt, Annelie Lundin, Ylva Tindberg, Marta Granström and Lars Engstrand

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:54

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Glucose is the preferred carbon and energy source for Escherichia coli. A complex regulatory network coordinates gene expression, transport and enzyme activities in response to the presence of this sugar. To dete...

    Authors: Rosa María Gutierrez-Ríos, Julio A Freyre-Gonzalez, Osbaldo Resendis, Julio Collado-Vides, Milton Saier and Guillermo Gosset

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:53

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem and HIV is the major cause of the increase in TB. Sub-Saharan Africa is endemic for both TB and HIV infection. Determination of the prevalence of M. tuberculosis strain...

    Authors: Gibson S Kibiki, Bert Mulder, Wil MV Dolmans, Jessica L de Beer, Martin Boeree, Noel Sam, Dick van Soolingen, Christophe Sola and Adri GM van der Zanden

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:51

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Campylobacter jejuni has been divided into two subspecies: C. jejuni subsp. jejuni (Cjj) and C. jejuni subsp. doylei (Cjd). Nearly all of the C. jejuni strains isolated are Cjj; nevertheless, although Cjd strains...

    Authors: Craig T Parker, William G Miller, Sharon T Horn and Albert J Lastovica

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:50

    Content type: Research article

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  15. West Nile virus (WNV) infection can cause severe meningitis and encephalitis in humans. Apoptosis was recently shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of WNV encephalitis. Here, we used WNV-infected glioma cel...

    Authors: Malte C Kleinschmidt, Martin Michaelis, Henry Ogbomo, Hans-Wilhelm Doerr and Jindrich Cinatl Jr

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:49

    Content type: Research article

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  16. E. histolytica, a pathogenic amoeba, is indistinguishable in its cyst and trophozoite stages from those of non-pathogenic E. moshkovskii and E. dispar by light microscopy. We have developed a nested multiplex PCR...

    Authors: Krishna Khairnar and Subhash C Parija

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:47

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Drug resistance is an emerging problem among streptococcal and enterococcal species. Automated diagnostic systems for species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) have become recently ...

    Authors: Gioconda R Brigante, Francesco A Luzzaro, Beatrice Pini, Gianluigi Lombardi, Gertrude Sokeng and Antonio Q Toniolo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:46

    Content type: Methodology article

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  18. Some isolates of the Liverpool cystic fibrosis epidemic strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exhibit an unusual virulence-related phenotype, characterized by over-production of quorum sensing-regulated exoproducts su...

    Authors: Joanne L Fothergill, Stavroula Panagea, Charles A Hart, Martin J Walshaw, Tyrone L Pitt and Craig Winstanley

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:45

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The spliced leader (SL) RNA provides the 5' m7G cap and first 39 nt for all nuclear mRNAs in kinetoplastids. This small nuclear RNA is transcribed by RNA polymerase II from individual promoters. In Leishmania tar...

    Authors: Robert A Hitchcock, Sean Thomas, David A Campbell and Nancy R Sturm

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:44

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Three enterotoxins are implicated in diarrhoeal food poisoning due to Bacillus cereus: Haemolysin BL (Hbl), Non-haemolytic enterotoxin (Nhe), and Cytotoxin K (CytK). Toxin gene profiling and assays for detection ...

    Authors: Annette Fagerlund, Julien Brillard, Rainer Fürst, Marie-Hélène Guinebretière and Per Einar Granum

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:43

    Content type: Research article

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  21. As a stationary phase signal, indole is secreted in large quantities into rich medium by Escherichia coli and has been shown to control several genes (e.g., astD, tnaB, gabT), multi-drug exporters, and the pathog...

    Authors: Jintae Lee, Arul Jayaraman and Thomas K Wood

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:42

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Amoebic liver abscess (ALA) and pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) appear identical by ultrasound and other imaging techniques. Collection of blood or liver abscess pus for diagnosis of liver abscesses is an invas...

    Authors: Subhash C Parija and Krishna Khairnar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:41

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Over the past fifteen years, antibiotic resistance in the Gram-positive opportunistic human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae has significantly increased. Clinical isolates from patients with community-acquired p...

    Authors: Ulrich Strych, Milya Davlieva, Joseph P Longtin, Eileen L Murphy, Hookang Im, Michael J Benedik and Kurt L Krause

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:40

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Previous studies have suggested that variations in DNA repair genes of W-Beijing strains may have led to transient mutator phenotypes which in turn may have contributed to host adaptation of this strain family...

    Authors: Laurent X Nouvel, Tiago Dos Vultos, Eric Kassa-Kelembho, Jean Rauzier and Brigitte Gicquel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:39

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although more than 100 Chlamydia pneumoniae hypothetical proteins have been predicted to be inclusion membrane proteins, only a few have been experimentally demonstrated to be in the inclusion membrane. Using ant...

    Authors: Jianhua Luo, Guangchao Liu, Youmin Zhong, Tianjun Jia, Kaiyang Liu, Ding Chen and Guangming Zhong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:38

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Tuberculosis remains a leading infectious disease with global public health threat. Its control and management have been complicated by multi-drug resistance and latent infection, which prompts scientists to f...

    Authors: Li M Fu and Casey S Fu-Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:37

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The first step in biofilm formation is bacterial attachment to solid surfaces, which is dependent on the cell surface physico-chemical properties. Cell wall anchored proteins (CWAP) are among the known adhesin...

    Authors: Olivier Habimana, Carine Le Goff, Vincent Juillard, Marie-Noëlle Bellon-Fontaine, Girbe Buist, Saulius Kulakauskas and Romain Briandet

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:36

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The diagnosis of invasive candidiasis is difficult because there are no specific clinical manifestations of the disease and colonization and infection are difficult to distinguish. In the last decade, much eff...

    Authors: Ana Laín, Natalia Elguezabal, Sonia Brena, Juan Carlos García-Ruiz, Amalia del Palacio, María D Moragues and José Pontón

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:35

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Pseudomonas aeruginosa frequently colonizes and is responsible for severe ventilator-associated pneumonia in intubated patients. A quorum-sensing (QS) circuit, depending on the production of the two QS-signaling ...

    Authors: Sabine Favre-Bonté, Eric Chamot, Thilo Köhler, Jacques-A Romand and Christian van Delden

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:33

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In recent years there has been renewed interest in the use of air ionisers to control of the spread of airborne infection. One characteristic of air ions which has been widely reported is their apparent biocid...

    Authors: Louise A Fletcher, Lindsey F Gaunt, Clive B Beggs, Simon J Shepherd, P Andrew Sleigh, Catherine J Noakes and Kevin G Kerr

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:32

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small-colony type (SC) is among the most serious threats for livestock producers in Africa. Glycerol metabolism-associated H2

    Authors: Edy M Vilei, Ivone Correia, M Helena Ferronha, Daniela F Bischof and Joachim Frey

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:31

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The program eBURST uses multilocus sequence typing data to divide bacterial populations into groups of closely related strains (clonal complexes), predicts the founding genotype of each group, and displays the...

    Authors: Katherine ME Turner, William P Hanage, Christophe Fraser, Thomas R Connor and Brian G Spratt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:30

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a human pathogen with a broad distribution in Latin America. The fungus is thermally dimorphic with two distinct forms corresponding to completely different lifestyles. Upon eleva...

    Authors: Karinne P Bastos, Alexandre M Bailão, Clayton L Borges, Fabricia P Faria, Maria SS Felipe, Mirelle G Silva, Wellington S Martins, Rogério B Fiúza, Maristela Pereira and Célia MA Soares

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:29

    Content type: Research article

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  34. MLVA (multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis) is a reliable typing technique introduced recently to differentiate also isolates of Enterococcus faecium. We used the established VNTR (variable numbe...

    Authors: Guido Werner, Ingo Klare and Wolfgang Witte

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:28

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Clinical isolates of the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori display a high level of genetic macro- and microheterogeneity, featuring a panmictic, rather than clonal structure. The ability of H. pylori to surviv...

    Authors: Justin G Hovey, Emily L Watson, Melanie L Langford, Ellen Hildebrandt, Sangeetha Bathala, Jeffrey R Bolland, Domenico Spadafora, George L Mendz and David J McGee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:26

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The presence of β-lactamases in Y. enterocolitica has been reported to vary with serovars, biovars and geographical origin of the isolates. An understanding of the β-lactamases in other related species is importa...

    Authors: Shilpi Mittal, Sarita Mallik, Sachin Sharma and Jugsharan S Virdi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:25

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Two component lantibiotics, such as the plasmid-encoded lacticin 3147 produced by Lactococcus lactis DPC3147 and staphylococcin C55 produced by Staphylococcus aureus C55, represent an emerging subgroup of bacteri...

    Authors: Eileen B O'Connor, Paul D Cotter, Paula O'Connor, Orla O'Sullivan, John R Tagg, R Paul Ross and Colin Hill

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:24

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The facultative, intracellular bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, a serious infectious disease of humans and animals. We identified and categorized tandem repeat arrays and...

    Authors: Jana M U'Ren, James M Schupp, Talima Pearson, Heidie Hornstra, Christine L Clark Friedman, Kimothy L Smith, Rebecca R Leadem Daugherty, Shane D Rhoton, Ben Leadem, Shalamar Georgia, Michelle Cardon, Lynn Y Huynh, David DeShazer, Steven P Harvey, Richard Robison, Daniel Gal…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:23

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA load monitoring is known to be useful for the diagnosis and monitoring of EBV-associated diseases. The aim of this study is to compare the performance of two real-time PCR assays f...

    Authors: Francesca Perandin, Elisabetta Cariani, Caterina Patrizia Pollara and Nino Manca

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:22

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), a subgroup of Shiga toxin (Stx) producing E. coli (STEC), may cause severe enteritis and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and is transmitted orally via contaminated foods or from ...

    Authors: Sina M Coldewey, Maike Hartmann, Dorothea S Schmidt, Uta Engelking, Sya N Ukena and Florian Gunzer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:21

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In V. cholerae, the biogenesis of capsule polysaccharide is poorly understood. The elucidation of capsule structure and biogenesis is critical to understanding the evolution of surface polysaccharide and the inte...

    Authors: Yuansha Chen, Peter Bystricky, Jacob Adeyeye, Pinaki Panigrahi, Afsar Ali, Judith A Johnson, CA Bush, JG Morris Jr and OC Stine

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:20

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The bacterial biothreat agents Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei are the cause of glanders and melioidosis, respectively. Genomic and epidemiological studies have shown that B. mallei is a recentl...

    Authors: Rachaneeporn Tiyawisutsri, Matthew TG Holden, Sarinna Tumapa, Sirirat Rengpipat, Simon R Clarke, Simon J Foster, William C Nierman, Nicholas PJ Day and Sharon J Peacock

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2007 7:19

    Content type: Research article

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