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  1. Ebola virus causes severe, often fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans. The mechanism of escape from cellular anti-viral mechanisms is not yet fully understood. The promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) associated nuclear...

    Authors: Asa Szekely Björndal, Laszlo Szekely and Fredrik Elgh
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:6
  2. Staphylococcus aureus infection of normal osteoblasts induces expression of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL).

    Authors: Emily H Alexander, F Andrea Rivera, Ian Marriott, Juan Anguita, Kenneth L Bost and Michael C Hudson
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:5
  3. Putrescine is the intermediate product of arginine decarboxylase pathway in Escherichia coli which can be used as an alternative nitrogen source. Transaminase and dehydrogenase enzymes seem to be implicated in th...

    Authors: Natalya N Samsonova, Sergey V Smirnov, Irina B Altman and Leonid R Ptitsyn
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:2
  4. In general, chemotaxis in Rhizobium has not been well characterized. Methyl accepting chemotaxis proteins are sensory proteins important in chemotaxis of numerous bacteria, but their involvement in Rhizobium chem...

    Authors: Christopher K Yost, Kirsten T Clark, Kate L Del Bel and Michael F Hynes
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2003 3:1
  5. The association of an infectious agent with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has been difficult and is further complicated by the lack of a known lesion or diseased tissue. Cell-free plasma DNA could serve as a ...

    Authors: Suzanne D Vernon, Sanjay K Shukla, Jennifer Conradt, Elizabeth R Unger and William C Reeves
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:39
  6. Chlamydia pneumoniae causes human respiratory diseases and has recently been associated with atherosclerosis. Analysis of the three recently published C. pneumoniae genomes has led to the identification of a new ...

    Authors: Wasna Viratyosin, Lee Ann Campbell, Cho-Chou Kuo and Daniel D Rockey
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:38
  7. Currently available reference methods for the molecular epidemiology of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex either lack sensitivity or are still too tedious and slow for routine application. Recently, tandem r...

    Authors: Philippe Le Flèche, Michel Fabre, France Denoeud, Jean-Louis Koeck and Gilles Vergnaud
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:37
  8. Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria, which are important human pathogens. Genome sequences of C. trachomatis and C. pneumoniae have revealed the presence of a Chlamydia specific gene family encoding po...

    Authors: Brian Berg Vandahl, Anna Sofie Pedersen, Kris Gevaert, Arne Holm, Joël Vandekerckhove, Gunna Christiansen and Svend Birkelund
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:36
  9. In 1982 Smith and Huggins showed that bacteriophages could be at least as effective as antibiotics in preventing mortality from experimental infections with a capsulated E. coli (K1) in mice. Phages that requi...

    Authors: J J Bull, Bruce R Levin, Terry DeRouin, Nina Walker and Craig A Bloch
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:35
  10. Development of sulphonamide resistance in Neisseria meningitidis has been suggested to involve horizontal DNA-transfer from a commensal Neisseria species. In this study, we isolated commensal Neisseria from throa...

    Authors: Yvonne Qvarnström and Göte Swedberg
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:34
  11. Bacillus mycoides Flügge, a Gram-positive, non-motile soil bacterium assigned to Bacillus cereus group, grows on agar as chains of cells linked end to end, forming radial filaments curving clock- or counter-clock...

    Authors: Carmen Di Franco, Elena Beccari, Tiziana Santini, Giuseppe Pisaneschi and Giorgio Tecce
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:33
  12. The Sec-dependent protein export apparatus of Escherichia coli is very efficient at correctly identifying proteins to be exported from the cytoplasm. Even bacterial strains that carry prl mutations, which allow e...

    Authors: Ipsita Mallik, Margaret A Smith and Ann M Flower
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:32
  13. Virulence genes on Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI1) are coordinately regulated by HilA, a member of the OmpR/ToxR family of transcription factors. Although a great deal is known about the complex regulati...

    Authors: Christine R Rodriguez, Lisa M Schechter and Catherine A Lee
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:31
  14. Exported proteases are commonly associated with virulence in bacterial pathogens, yet there is a paucity of information regarding their role in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There are five genes (mycP1-5) present w...

    Authors: Joel A Dave, Nico C Gey van Pittius, Albert D Beyers, Mario RW Ehlers and Gordon D Brown
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:30
  15. The high degree of sequence heterogeneity found in Hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolates, makes robust nucleic acid-based assays difficult to generate. Polymerase chain reaction based techniques, require efficient ...

    Authors: Ping Qiu, Xiao-Yan Cai, Luquan Wang, Jonathan R Greene and Bruce Malcolm
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:29
  16. PCR amplification of bacterial 16S rRNA genes provides the most comprehensive and flexible means of sampling bacterial communities. Sequence analysis of these cloned fragments can provide a qualitative and qua...

    Authors: Elena Busti, Roberta Bordoni, Bianca Castiglioni, Paolo Monciardini, Margherita Sosio, Stefano Donadio, Clarissa Consolandi, Luigi Rossi Bernardi, Cristina Battaglia and Gianluca De Bellis
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:27
  17. The aberrant cell-cycle progression of HIV-1-infected kidney cells plays a major role in the pathogenesis of HIV-associated nephropathy, however the mechanisms whereby HIV-1 induces infected glomerular podocyt...

    Authors: Peter J Nelson, Masaaki Sunamoto, Mohammad Husain and Irwin H Gelman
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:26
  18. We have previously reported that altered culture conditions (a broth media with shaking) could induce a strain of Helicobacter pylori to assume a long spiral morphology resembling that described for Helicobacter ...

    Authors: Kathleen MB Vinette, Kathleen M Gibney, Roy Proujansky and Paul T Fawcett
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:24
  19. Detecting microbial life in extraterrestrial locations is a goal of space exploration because of ecological and health concerns about possible contamination of other planets with earthly organisms, and vice ve...

    Authors: Ronald L Crawford, Andrzej Paszczynski, Qingyong Lang, Daniel P Erwin, Lisa Allenbach, Giancarlo Corti, Tony J Anderson, I Francis Cheng, Chien Wai, Bruce Barnes, Richard Wells, Touraj Assefi and Mohammad Mojarradi
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:22
  20. The number of patients with yeast infection has increased during the last years. Also the variety of species of clinical importance has increased. Correct species identification is often important for efficien...

    Authors: Thierry De Baere, Geert Claeys, Danielle Swinne, Caroline Massonet, Gerda Verschraegen, An Muylaert and Mario Vaneechoutte
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:21
  21. An avian papillomavirus genome has been cloned from a cutaneous exophytic papilloma from an African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus). The nucleotide sequence, genome organization, and phylogenetic position of th...

    Authors: Ruth Tachezy, Annabel Rector, Marta Havelkova, Elke Wollants, Pierre Fiten, Ghislain Opdenakker, A Bennett Jenson, John P Sundberg and Marc Van Ranst
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:19
  22. Insertion Sequence (IS) elements are mobile genetic elements widely distributed among bacteria. Their activities cause mutations, promoting genetic diversity and sometimes adaptation. Previous studies have exa...

    Authors: Dominique Schneider, Esther Duperchy, Joëlle Depeyrot, Evelyne Coursange, Richard E Lenski and Michel Blot
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:18
  23. Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been detected by serological methods, but PCR is gaining more interest. A number of different PCR assays have been developed and some are used in combination with serology for d...

    Authors: Tina Mygind, Svend Birkelund, Niels H Birkebæk, Lars Østergaard, Jørgen Skov Jensen and Gunna Christiansen
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:17
  24. Since Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) was isolated from intestinal tissue of a human patient suffering Crohn's disease, a controversial discussion exists whether MAP have a role in the etiol...

    Authors: Sabrina Corti and Roger Stephan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:15
  25. Methods for the extraction of DNA from filamentous fungi are frequently laborious and time consuming because most of the available protocols include maceration in liquid nitrogen after the mycelium has been gr...

    Authors: Alexandre Cassago, Rodrigo Alexandre Panepucci, Ana Maria Tortella Baião and Flavio Henrique-Silva
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:14
  26. Escherichia coli can respire anaerobically using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) as the terminal electron acceptor for anaerobic energy generation. Expression of the dmsABC genes that e...

    Authors: Shawn MD Bearson, Jeffrey A Albrecht and Robert P Gunsalus
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:13
  27. Prompt laboratory diagnosis of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection facilitates patient management and possible initiation of antiviral therapy. In our laboratory, which receives various specimen types for det...

    Authors: Julie Burrows, Andreas Nitsche, Belinda Bayly, Elise Walker, Geoff Higgins and Tuckweng Kok
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:12
  28. Herpesviruses are not only infectious agents of worldwide distribution in humans, but have also been demonstrated in various non-human primates as well. Seventy-eight gibbons were subjected to serological test...

    Authors: Kamol Sakulwira, Apiradee Theamboonlers, Phingphol Charoonrut, Parntep Ratanakorn and Yong Poovorawan
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:11
  29. In Southeast Asia, dengue viruses often co-circulate with other flaviviruses such as Japanese encephalitis virus, and due to the presence of shared antigenic epitopes it is often difficult to use serological m...

    Authors: Mary Jane Cardosa, Seok Mui Wang, Magdline Sia H Sum and Phaik Hooi Tio
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:9
  30. Polyamine synthesis produces methylthioadenosine, which has to be disposed of. The cell recycles it into methionine through methylthioribose (MTR). Very little was known about MTR recycling for methionine salv...

    Authors: Agnieszka Sekowska and Antoine Danchin
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:8
  31. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae is an important cause of otitis media in children and lower respiratory tract infection in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Several lines of evidence su...

    Authors: Timothy F Murphy and Charmaine Kirkham
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:7
  32. Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is considered to be common cause of haemorrhagic colitis (HC), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) in humans. In a previous paper, ...

    Authors: Nora L Padola, Marcelo E Sanz, Paula MA Lucchesi, Jesús E Blanco, Jorge Blanco, Miguel Blanco, Analía I Etcheverría, Guillermo H Arroyo and Alberto E Parma
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:6
  33. Seeds of the legume plant Lathyrus sativus, which is grown in arid and semi arid tropical regions, contain Diamino Propionic acid (DAP). DAP is a neurotoxin, which, when consumed, causes a disease called Lathy...

    Authors: KR Rupesh, PL PremKumar, Vasanth V Shiva Kumar and Seetharaman S Jayachandran
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:5
  34. The development of DNA amplification for the direct detection of M. tuberculosis from clinical samples has been a major goal of clinical microbiology during the last ten years. However, the limited sensitivity of...

    Authors: Thierry De Baere, Ricardo de Mendonça, Geert Claeys, Gerda Verschraegen, Wouter Mijs, Rita Verhelst, Sylvianne Rottiers, Leen Van Simaey, Catharine De Ganck and Mario Vaneechoutte
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:4
  35. Horses infected with Leptospira present several clinical disorders, one of them being recurrent uveitis. A common endpoint of equine recurrent uveitis is blindness. Serovar pomona has often been incriminated, alt...

    Authors: Paula MA Lucchesi, Alberto E Parma and Guillermo H Arroyo
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:3
  36. When Bacillus subtilis is cultured in a complex fluid medium under conditions where cell separation is suppressed, populations of multicellular macrofibers arise that mature into ball-like structures. The final s...

    Authors: Neil H Mendelson, David Morales and John J Thwaites
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2002 2:1
  37. Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) by short interfering RNA has opened up new directions in the phenotypic mutation of cellular genes. However, its efficacy on non-nuclear genes and its effect on the i...

    Authors: Vira Bitko and Sailen Barik
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2001 1:34
  38. Streptolysin S (SLS), the oxygen-stable hemolysin of Streptococcus pyogenes, has recently been shown to be encoded by the sagA/pel gene. Mutants lacking expression of this gene were less virulent in a dermonecrot...

    Authors: Thomas H Eberhard, Darren D Sledjeski and Michael DP Boyle
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2001 1:33
  39. The malarial parasite, Plasmodium falciparum (Pf), is responsible for nearly 2 million deaths worldwide. However, the mechanisms of cellular signaling in the parasite remain largely unknown. Recent discovery of a...

    Authors: Sean Dobson, Bratati Kar, Rajinder Kumar, Brian Adams and Sailen Barik
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2001 1:31
  40. The routine determination of drug resistance in newly HIV-1 infected individuals documents a potential increase in the transmission of drug-resistant variants. Plasma samples from twenty seven therapy naive HI...

    Authors: Maria Carla Re, Paola Monari, Isabella Bon, Davide Gibellini, Francesca Vitone, Marco Borderi and Michele La Placa
    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2001 1:30

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