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  1. To date, the microbiota of the human penis has been studied mostly in connection with circumcision, HIV risk and female partner bacterial vaginosis (BV). These studies have shown that male circumcision reduces...

    Authors: Harris Onywera, Anna-Lise Williamson, Luca Cozzuto, Sarah Bonnin, Zizipho Z. A. Mbulawa, David Coetzee, Julia Ponomarenko and Tracy L. Meiring

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Circular bacteriocins are antimicrobial peptides produced by bacteria with a N and C termini ligation. They have desirable properties such as activity at low concentrations along with thermal, pH and proteolyt...

    Authors: Ben Vezina, Bernd H. A. Rehm and Andrew T. Smith

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The inner membrane protein DotU of Aeromonas veronii is an important component of the minimal core conserved membrane proteome required for the formation of an envelope-transmembrane complex. This protein functio...

    Authors: Haichao Song, Yuanhuan Kang, Aidong Qian, Xiaofeng Shan, Ying Li, Lei Zhang, Haipeng Zhang and Wuwen Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Oral microbiota is not only important for maintaining oral health but also plays a role in various oral diseases. However, studies regarding microbiome changes in oral lichen planus (OLP) are very limited. To ...

    Authors: Fei Yan Yu, Qian Qian Wang, Miao Li, Ya-Hsin Cheng, Yi-Shing Lisa Cheng, Yu Zhou, Xi Yang, Fang Zhang, Xuejun Ge, Bin Zhao and Xiu Yun Ren

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:75

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Infection, even outbreak, caused by Cryptococcus gattii (C. gattii) has been reported in Canada and the United States, but there were sparsely-reported cases of C. gattii in China. Our interest in occurrence, cli...

    Authors: Liang Jin, Jing-Rong Cao, Xin-Ying Xue, Hua Wu, Li-Feng Wang, Ling Guo and Ding-Xia Shen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Plant viruses move through plasmodesmata (PD) to infect new cells. To overcome the PD barrier, plant viruses have developed specific protein(s) to guide their genomic RNAs or DNAs to path through the PD.

    Authors: Sangsang Li, Xianyan Su, Xiangwen Luo, Yu Zhang, Deyong Zhang, Jiao Du, Zhanhong Zhang, Xian OuYang, Songbai Zhang and Yong Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:72

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Neisseria meningitidis (N.meningitidis) bacteria belonging to clonal complex 4821 (CC4821) have been mainly reported in China and have been characterized by a high resistance rate to ciprofloxacin (CIP). The aim ...

    Authors: Pan Zhao, Li Xu, Aiyu Zhang, Bingqing Zhu and Zhujun Shao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  8. It has been performed worldwidely to explore the potential of animals that might be a reservoir for community associated human infections of Clostridioides difficile. Several genetically undistinguished PCR ribot...

    Authors: Wen-Zhu Zhang, Wen-Ge Li, Yu-Qing Liu, Wen-Peng Gu, Qing Zhang, Hu Li, Zheng-Jie Liu, Xin Zhang, Yuan Wu and Jin-Xing Lu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Vibrio vulnificus hemolysin (VVH) is a pore-forming toxin secreted by Vibrio vulnificus. Cellular cholesterol was believed to be the receptor for VVH, because cholesterol could bind to VVH and preincubation with ...

    Authors: Takashige Kashimoto, Hiroyuki Sugiyama, Keigo Kawamidori, Kohei Yamazaki, Takehiro Kado, Kaho Matsuda, Toshio Kodama, Takao Mukai and Shunji Ueno

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The mammal intestinal microbiota is involved in various physiological processes and plays a key role in host environment adaption. However, for non-human primates (NHPs), little is known about their gut microb...

    Authors: Yuhan Wu, Yongfang Yao, Mengmeng Dong, Tianrui Xia, Diyan Li, Meng Xie, Jiayun Wu, Anxiang Wen, Qin Wang, Guangxiang Zhu, Qingyong Ni, Mingwang Zhang and Huailiang Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Daqu, the saccharification, fermentation, and aroma-producing agents for Baijiu brewing, is prepared using a complex process. Aging is important for improving the quality of Daqu, but its impact has rarely been s...

    Authors: Guangsen Fan, Zhilei Fu, Chao Teng, Pengxiao Liu, Qiuhua Wu, Md Khondakar Raziur Rahman and Xiuting Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  12. It has recently been reported that intermittent fasting shapes the gut microbiota to benefit health, but this effect may be influenced to the exact fasting protocols. The purpose of this study was to assess th...

    Authors: Linghao Li, Yuxin Su, Fanglin Li, Yueying Wang, Zhongren Ma, Zhuo Li and Junhong Su

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:65

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Biofilm is a fundamental bacterial survival mode which proceeds through three main generalized phases: adhesion, maturation, and dispersion. Lactobacilli spp. (LB) are critical components of gut and reproductive ...

    Authors: Stacy Martinez, Jonathan Gomez Garcia, Roy Williams, Moamen Elmassry, Andrew West, Abdul Hamood, Deborah Hurtado, Brent Gudenkauf, Gary Ventolini and Natalia Schlabritz-Loutsevitch

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Gram-positive facultative methylotrophic bacterium Bacillus methanolicus uses the sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase (SBPase) variant of the ribulose monophosphate (RuMP) cycle for growth on the C1 carbon sourc...

    Authors: Johannes Pfeifenschneider, Benno Markert, Jessica Stolzenberger, Trygve Brautaset and Volker F. Wendisch

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  15. V. parahaemolyticus is autochthonous to the marine environment and causes seafood-borne gastroenteritis in humans. Generally, V. parahaemolyticus recovered from the environment and/or seafood is thought to be non...

    Authors: Divya Meparambu Prabhakaran, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy and Sabu Thomas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The health of honeybee colonies is critical for bee products and agricultural production, and colony health is closely associated with the bacteria in the guts of honeybees. Although colony loss in winter is n...

    Authors: Hongfang Wang, Chunlei Liu, Zhenguo Liu, Ying Wang, Lanting Ma and Baohua Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Over the last years oleaginous yeasts have been studied for several energetic, oleochemical, medical and pharmaceutical purposes. However, only a small number of yeasts are known and have been deeply exploited...

    Authors: Catarina Miranda, Sara Bettencourt, Tatiana Pozdniakova, Joana Pereira, Paula Sampaio, Ricardo Franco-Duarte and Célia Pais

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Different diagnostic methods have been used for the laboratory confirmation of leptospirosis. Molecular diagnostic techniques are not only faster and more sensitive than culture analysis, but can also detect a Le...

    Authors: Daša Podgoršek, Eva Ružić-Sabljić, Mateja Logar, Andrea Pavlović, Tatjana Remec, Zvonko Baklan, Emil Pal and Tjaša Cerar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:59

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The potato tuber moth (PTM), Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller), is a worldwide pest that feeds on both the leaves and tubers of potato plants. PTM larvae can digest leaves, or tubers, resulting in serious damage t...

    Authors: Yaqiang Zheng, Guanli Xiao, Wenwu Zhou, Yulin Gao, Zhengyue Li, Guangzu Du and Bin Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Filamentous cyanobacteria represent model organisms for investigating multicellularity. For many species, nitrogen-fixing heterocysts are formed from photosynthetic vegetative cells under nitrogen limitation. ...

    Authors: Julia Walter, Francisco Leganés, Eva-Mari Aro and Peter J. Gollan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Early introduction of complementary foods has been associated with various immune disorders, oxidative stress, and obesity in childhood. The gut microbiota and the short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) they produce ...

    Authors: Moira K. Differding, Sara E. Benjamin-Neelon, Cathrine Hoyo, Truls Østbye and Noel T. Mueller

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Major latex proteins (MLPs) belong to the MLP subfamily in Bet v 1 protein family and respond to both biotic and abiotic stresses, which play critical roles in plant disease resistance. As the type species of ...

    Authors: Liyun Song, Jie Wang, Haiyan Jia, Ali Kamran, Yuanxia Qin, Yingjie Liu, Kaiqiang Hao, Fei Han, Chaoqun Zhang, Bin Li, Yongliang Li, Lili Shen, Fenglong Wang, Yuanhua Wu and Jinguang Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The treatment of Enterobacteriaceae family including diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC) has been increasingly complicated due to the emergence of resistant strains. Here we report on the phenotypic resistance profiles a...

    Authors: Nahla O. Eltai, Asmaa A. Al Thani, Sara H. Al Hadidi, Khalid Al Ansari and Hadi M. Yassine

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:54

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Previous phylogenetic analyses of species within the genus Golovinomyces (Ascomycota, Erysiphales), based on ITS and 28S rDNA sequence data, revealed a co-evolutionary relationship between powdery mildew species ...

    Authors: Peng-Lei Qiu, Shu-Yan Liu, Michael Bradshaw, Suzanne Rooney-Latham, Susumu Takamatsu, Timur S. Bulgakov, Shu-Rong Tang, Jing Feng, Dan-Ni Jin, Temitope Aroge, Yu Li, Li-Lan Wang and Uwe Braun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) affects cattle and wildlife in South Africa with the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) as the principal maintenance host. The presence of a wildlife maintenance host at the wildlife/live...

    Authors: Petronillah R. Sichewo, Tiny M. Hlokwe, Eric M. C. Etter and Anita L. Michel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:49

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola has become a serious threat to rice production as a result of the cultivation changes from transplanting to direct seeding. The nematicidal activity of Aspergillus w...

    Authors: Chao Xiang, Ying Liu, Shi-Ming Liu, Ya-Fei Huang, Ling-An Kong, Huan Peng, Mao-Yan Liu, Jing Liu, De-Liang Peng and Wen-Kun Huang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Quinolone resistant Escherichia coli (QREC) have been found in samples from Norwegian broiler chicken, despite quinolones not being administered to poultry in Norway. Biofilm production may be one factor contribu...

    Authors: Live L. Nesse, Ane Mohr Osland, Solveig S. Mo, Camilla Sekse, Jannice S. Slettemeås, Anna Eline E. Bruvoll, Anne Margrete Urdahl and Lene K. Vestby

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is well-known for its role in chronic gastritis and gastric cancer. Eradication of these carcinogenic bacteria from the gut is one of the challenges for clinicians. The complexity ...

    Authors: Dharmendra Kashyap, Budhadev Baral, Tarun Prakash Verma, Charu Sonkar, Debi Chatterji, Ajay Kumar Jain and Hem C. Jha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the prevailing causes of cancer mortality in the world. A common screening test for CRC is based on the human hemoglobin immunochemical based fecal occult blood test (iFOBT), ...

    Authors: Thierry Chénard, Mandy Malick, Jean Dubé and Eric Massé

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Microbiota from different niches within the canine oral cavity were profiled and compared. Supragingival plaque and stimulated saliva, were collected alongside samples from the buccal and tongue dorsum mucosa,...

    Authors: Avika Ruparell, Taichi Inui, Ruth Staunton, Corrin Wallis, Oliver Deusch and Lucy J. Holcombe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The dogma that urine is sterile in healthy individuals has been overturned by recent studies applying molecular-based methods. Mounting evidences indicate that dysbiosis of the urinary microbiota is associated...

    Authors: Jing Xie, Jian-sheng Huang, Xiang-jiang Huang, Jun-ming Peng, Zhou Yu, Ye-qing Yuan, Ke-feng Xiao and Ji-nan Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1 is an ideal bacterial strain for high-throughput genetic analysis as the bacterium is naturally transformable. Thus, ADP1 can be used to investigate DNA mismatch repair, a mechanism for ...

    Authors: Hua Zhou, Linyue Zhang, Qingye Xu, Linghong Zhang, Yunsong Yu and Xiaoting Hua

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The polyketide antibiotic 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG), produced by Pseudomonas fluorescens 2P24, is positively regulated by the GacS-GacA two-component system.

    Authors: Bo Zhang, Hui Zhao, Xiaogang Wu and Li-Qun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Excessive application of chemical fertilizer has exerted a great threat to soil quality and the environment. The inoculation of plants with plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) has emerged as a great pr...

    Authors: Juanjuan Wang, Ruochen Li, Hui Zhang, Gehong Wei and Zhefei Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The virulence of the plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) involves the coordinate expression of many virulence factors, including surface appendages flagellum and type IV pili, which are req...

    Authors: Yan-Hua Qi, Li Huang, Guo-Fang Liu, Ming Leng and Guang-Tao Lu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Klebsiella pneumoniae is considered the most clinically relevant species of Enterobacteriaceae, known to cause severe infections including liver abscesses. To the best of our knowledge, a large proportion of iron...

    Authors: Tao Chen, Guofeng Dong, Siqin Zhang, Xiucai Zhang, Yajie Zhao, Jianming Cao, Tieli Zhou and Qing Wu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Dolichospermum circinale is a filamentous bloom-forming cyanobacterium responsible for biosynthesis of the paralytic shellfish toxins (PST), including saxitoxin. PSTs are neurotoxins and in their purified form ar...

    Authors: Paul M. D’Agostino, Bakir Al-Sinawi, Rabia Mazmouz, Julia Muenchhoff, Brett A. Neilan and Michelle C. Moffitt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is one of the most widely used anionic alkyl sulfate surfactants. Toxicological information on SDS is accumulating, however, mechanisms of SDS toxicity regulation remain poorly und...

    Authors: Chunlei Cao, Zhengfeng Cao, Peibin Yu and Yunying Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Production of antibiotics to inhibit competitors affects soil microbial community composition and contributes to disease suppression. In this work, we characterized whether Streptomyces bacteria, prolific antibio...

    Authors: Mohamed E. Hamid, Thomas Reitz, Martin R. P. Joseph, Kerstin Hommel, Adil Mahgoub, Mogahid M. Elhassan, François Buscot and Mika Tarkka

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Bergeyella cardium infection is becoming increasingly prevalent in patients with infective endocarditis, suggesting its significance in disease pathogenesis. However, few studies have fully characterized this spe...

    Authors: Hongwei Pan, Wei Li, Enhua Sun and Yi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Acinetobacter baumannii is a multidrug-resistant (MDR) hazardous bacterium with very high antimicrobial resistance profiles. Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) help directly and/or indirectly towards antibiotic resis...

    Authors: DineshKumar Kesavan, Aparna Vasudevan, Liang Wu, Jianguo Chen, Zhaoliang Su, Shengjun Wang and Huaxi Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  42. ClpP is important for bacterial growth and plays an indispensable role in cellular protein quality control systems by refolding or degrading damaged proteins, but the physiological significance of ClpP in Enteroc...

    Authors: Jinxin Zheng, Yang Wu, Zhiwei Lin, Guangfu Wang, Sibo Jiang, Xiang Sun, Haopeng Tu, Zhijian Yu and Di Qu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Many recent studies have gravitated towards manipulating the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiome of livestock to improve host nutrition and health using dietary interventions. Few studies, however, have evaluated...

    Authors: Shaobo Yu, Guangyu Zhang, Zhibo Liu, Peng Wu, Zhongtang Yu and Jiakun Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Clostridioides difficile infections have become more frequently diagnosed and associated with greater disease severity, which has resulted in an increase burden on the healthcare system. These increases are attri...

    Authors: John C. Vitucci, Mark Pulse, Leslie Tabor-Simecka and Jerry Simecka

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Amplification of small subunit (SSU) rRNA genes with universal primers is a common method used to assess microbial populations in various environmental samples. However, owing to limitations in coverage of the...

    Authors: Ru-Yi Zhang, Bin Zou, Yong-Wei Yan, Che Ok Jeon, Meng Li, Mingwei Cai and Zhe-Xue Quan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:25

    Content type: Methodology article

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  46. Fusarium wilt of banana is one of the most destructive diseases in banana-growing regions worldwide. Soil-borne diseases and soil microbial communities are closely related. The screening of antagonistic bacteria ...

    Authors: Yajie Duan, Jian Chen, Wei He, Jingjing Chen, Zhencai Pang, Huigang Hu and Jianghui Xie

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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