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Signaling and cellular microbiology

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of signaling and cellular microbiology, including cell growth and division, cell cycle, membrane biosynthesis and transport, subcellular organization and ultrastructure, signalling pathways, cell to cell communication, quorum signaling and chemotaxis.

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  1. The emergence of colony morphology variants in structured environments is being recognized as important to both niche specialization and stress tolerance. Pseudomonas fluorescens demonstrates diversity in both it...

    Authors: Matthew L Workentine, Siyuan Wang, Howard Ceri and Raymond J Turner

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:175

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Success of biofilm dwelling bacteria in causing persistent and chronic infections is attributed to their resistance towards antibiotics and immune defences. Free iron is critical for the growth of biofilm asso...

    Authors: Sanjay Chhibber, Deepika Nag and Shruti Bansal

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:174

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Microcalorimetric bacterial growth studies have illustrated that thermograms differ significantly with both culture media and strain. The present contribution examines the possibility of discriminating between...

    Authors: Dragos C Zaharia, Alexandru A Muntean, Mihnea G Popa, Alexandru T Steriade, Octavian Balint, Roxana Micut, Corneliu Iftene, Ioana Tofolean, Vlad T Popa, Cristian Baicus, Miron A Bogdan and Mircea I Popa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:171

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Polar development during the alphaproteobacterium Caulobacter crescentus cell cycle is integrated to the point that individual mutations can have pleiotropic effects on the synthesis of polar organelles. Disrupti...

    Authors: Patrick D Curtis, David Klein and Yves V Brun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:166

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Burkholderia cenocepacia employs both N-Acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) and cis-2-dodecenoic acid (BDSF) quorum sensing (QS) systems in regulation of bacterial virulence. It was shown recently that disruption of BD...

    Authors: Yinyue Deng, Amy Lim, Jing Wang, Tielin Zhou, Shaohua Chen, Jasmine Lee, Yi-Hu Dong and Lian-Hui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:148

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Phylogenetic group D Escherichia coli clones (ST69, ST393, ST405) are increasingly reported as multidrug resistant strains causing extra-intestinal infections. We aim to characterize inter- and intraclonal divers...

    Authors: Ângela Novais, Claudia Vuotto, João Pires, Carolina Montenegro, Gianfranco Donelli, Teresa M Coque and Luísa Peixe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:144

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Many pathogenic E. coli strains secrete virulence factors using type II secretory systems, homologs of which are widespread in Gram-negative bacteria. Recently, the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli strain E2348/...

    Authors: Mark S DeCanio, Robert Landick and Rembrandt J F Haft

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:130

    Content type: Research article

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  8. GTPases are the family of hydrolases that bind and hydrolyze guanosine triphosphate. The large Immunity-related GTPases and the small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor-6 in host cells are known to accumulate on t...

    Authors: Ren-Hua Na, Guo-Hui Zhu, Ji-Xuan Luo, Xiao-Jing Meng, Liwang Cui, Hong-Juan Peng, Xiao-guang Chen and Julian Gomez-Cambronero

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:125

    Content type: Research article

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  9. It is widely believed that integral outer membrane (OM) proteins in bacteria are able to diffuse laterally in the OM. However, stable, immobile proteins have been identified in the OM of Escherichia coli. In expl...

    Authors: Gertjan S Verhoeven, Marileen Dogterom and Tanneke den Blaauwen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:66

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Saccharomyces boulardii is a probiotic yeast routinely used to prevent and to treat gastrointestinal disorders, including the antibiotic-associated diarrhea caused by Clostridium difficile infections. However, on...

    Authors: Vincent Cascio, Daniel Gittings, Kristen Merloni, Matthew Hurton, David Laprade and Nicanor Austriaco OP

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:35

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Glucose is a signaling molecule which regulates multiple events in eukaryotic organisms and the most preferred carbon source in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The ability of this yeast to grow in th...

    Authors: Marisa Madrid, Jesús Fernández-Zapata, Laura Sánchez-Mir, Teresa Soto, Alejandro Franco, Jero Vicente-Soler, Mariano Gacto and José Cansado

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:34

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Mycoplasmas-contamination of Orientia tsutsugamushi, one of the obligated intracellular bacteria, is a very serious problem in in vitro studies using cell cultures because mycoplasmas have significant influence o...

    Authors: Motohiko Ogawa, Tsuneo Uchiyama, Masaaki Satoh and Shuji Ando

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:32

    Content type: Methodology article

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  13. FtsZ is an essential cell division protein, which localizes at the middle of the bacterial cell to mediate cytokinesis. In vitro, FtsZ polymerizes and induces GTPase activity through longitudinal interactions to ...

    Authors: Jae Yen Shin, Waldemar Vollmer, Rosalba Lagos and Octavio Monasterio

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:26

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In eukaryotic cells, dynamin and flotillin are involved in processes such as endocytosis and lipid raft formation, respectively. Dynamin is a GTPase that exerts motor-like activity during the pinching off of v...

    Authors: Felix Dempwolff, Hanna M Wischhusen, Mara Specht and Peter L Graumann

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:298

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen that causes biofilm-associated infection in humans. Autoinducer 2 (AI-2), a quorum-sensing (QS) signal for interspecies communication, has a wide range of regulatory...

    Authors: Dan Yu, Liping Zhao, Ting Xue and Baolin Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:288

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In a previous study, we demonstrated that Vibrio scophthalmi, the most abundant Vibrio species among the marine aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacteria inhabiting the intestinal tract of healthy cultured turb...

    Authors: Cristina García-Aljaro, Silvia Melado-Rovira, Debra L Milton and Anicet R Blanch

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:287

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The taxis signaling system of the extreme halophilic archaeon Halobacterium (Hbt.) salinarum differs in several aspects from its model bacterial counterparts Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. We studied the...

    Authors: Matthias Schlesner, Arthur Miller, Hüseyin Besir, Michalis Aivaliotis, Judith Streif, Beatrix Scheffer, Frank Siedler and Dieter Oesterhelt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:272

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) granules are important storage compounds of carbon and energy in many prokaryotes which allow survival of the cells in the absence of suitable carbon sources. Formation and subcel...

    Authors: Andreas Wahl, Nora Schuth, Daniel Pfeiffer, Stephan Nussberger and Dieter Jendrossek

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:262

    Content type: Research article

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  19. There are several methods for quantitating bacterial cells, each with advantages and disadvantages. The most common method is bacterial plating, which has the advantage of allowing live cell assessment through...

    Authors: Ronen Hazan, Yok-Ai Que, Damien Maura and Laurence G Rahme

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:259

    Content type: Methodology article

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  20. Although Campylobacter jejuni is consistently ranked as one of the leading causes of bacterial diarrhea worldwide, the mechanisms by which C. jejuni causes disease and how they are regulated have yet to be clearl...

    Authors: Joshua A Fields and Stuart A Thompson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:233

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Bacteria integrate numerous environmental stimuli when generating cellular responses. Increasing numbers of examples describe how one two-component system (TCS) responds to signals detected by the sensor of an...

    Authors: Akinori Kato, Hironori Hayashi, Wataru Nomura, Haruka Emori, Kei Hagihara and Ryutaro Utsumi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:224

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Vibrio harveyi and closely related species are important pathogens in aquaculture. A complex quorum sensing cascade involving three autoinducers controls bioluminescence and several genes encoding virulence facto...

    Authors: Claudia Anetzberger, Ursula Schell and Kirsten Jung

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:209

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Adaptive responses in fungi result from the interaction of membrane receptors and extracellular ligands. Many different classes of receptors have been described in eukaryotic cells. Recently a new family of re...

    Authors: Waleska Gonzalez-Velazquez, Ricardo Gonzalez-Mendez and Nuri Rodriguez-del Valle

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:194

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The type IV secretion system (T4SS) can be classified as a large family of macromolecule transporter systems, divided into three recognized sub-families, according to the well-known functions. The major sub-fa...

    Authors: Rangel C Souza, Guadalupe del Rosario Quispe Saji, Maiana OC Costa, Diogo S Netto, Nicholas CB Lima, Cecília C Klein, Ana Tereza R Vasconcelos and Marisa F Nicolás

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:172

    Content type: Database

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  25. The capsular polysaccharide (CPS) and iron acquisition systems are important determinants of Klebsiella pneumoniae infections, and we have previously reported that the ferric uptake repressor (Fur) can play dual ...

    Authors: Su-Hua Huang, Chien-Kuo Wang, Hwei-Ling Peng, Chien-Chen Wu, Ying-Tsong Chen, Yi-Ming Hong and Ching-Ting Lin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:148

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium produces surface-associated fimbriae that facilitate adherence of the bacteria to a variety of cells and tissues. Type 1 fimbriae with binding specificity to mannose resid...

    Authors: Ke-Chuan Wang, Yuan-Hsun Hsu, Yi-Ning Huang and Kuang-Sheng Yeh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:111

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Bacteria release a wide variety of small molecules including cell- to- cell signaling compounds. Gram-negative bacteria use a variety of self-produced autoinducers such as acylated homoserine lactones (acyl- HSLs...

    Authors: Shu Minagawa, Hiroyuki Inami, Tomohisa Kato, Shinji Sawada, Tatsuya Yasuki, Shinichi Miyairi, Manabu Horikawa, Jun Okuda and Naomasa Gotoh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:70

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus saprophyticus is the second most frequent causative agent of community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI), accounting for up to 20% of cases. A common feature of st...

    Authors: Nathan P King, Türkan Sakinç, Nouri L Ben Zakour, Makrina Totsika, Begoña Heras, Pavla Simerska, Mark Shepherd, Sören G Gatermann, Scott A Beatson and Mark A Schembri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:8

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Accumulation of gyrase cleavage complex in Escherichia coli from the action of quinolone antibiotics induces an oxidative damage cell death pathway. The oxidative cell death pathway has also been shown to be invo...

    Authors: I-Fen Liu, Sandra Aedo and Yuk-Ching Tse-Dinh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:261

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Lateral Gene Transfer (LGT) is a major contributor to bacterial evolution and up to 25% of a bacterium's genome may have been acquired by this process over evolutionary periods of time. Successful LGT requires...

    Authors: Maurizio Labbate, Yan Boucher, Piklu Roy Chowdhury and Hatch W Stokes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:253

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is causally linked to several acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related malignancies, including Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and a subs...

    Authors: Di Qin, Ninghan Feng, Weifei Fan, Xinting Ma, Qin Yan, Zhigang Lv, Yi Zeng, Jianzhong Zhu and Chun Lu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:240

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Ferric uptake regulator (Fur) is a transcriptional regulator that controls iron homeostasis in bacteria. Although the regulatory role of Fur in Escherichia coli is well characterized, most of the studies were...

    Authors: Bryan Troxell, Ryan C Fink, Steffen Porwollik, Michael McClelland and Hosni M Hassan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:236

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The aerobic fast-growing Mycobacterium smegmatis, like its slow-growing pathogenic counterpart Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has the ability to adapt to microaerobiosis by shifting from growth to a non-proliferatin...

    Authors: Angela Cordone, Bianca Audrain, Immacolata Calabrese, Daniel Euphrasie and Jean-Marc Reyrat

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:231

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Extracellular stimuli in chemotaxis of Escherichia coli and other bacteria are processed by large clusters of sensory complexes. The stable core of these clusters is formed by transmembrane receptors, a kinase Ch...

    Authors: Sonja Schulmeister, Karin Grosse and Victor Sourjik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:222

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The antifungal protein AFPNN5353 is a defensin-like protein of Aspergillus giganteus. It belongs to a group of secretory proteins with low molecular mass, cationic character and a high content of cysteine residue...

    Authors: Ulrike Binder, Mojca Bencina, Andrea Eigentler, Vera Meyer and Florentine Marx

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:209

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Type III secretion systems (T3SS) of bacterial pathogens coordinate effector protein injection into eukaryotic cells. The YscU/FlhB group of proteins comprises members associated with T3SS which undergo a spec...

    Authors: Jenny-Lee Thomassin, Xiang He and Nikhil A Thomas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:205

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Bacterial DNA replication restart pathways facilitate reinitiation of DNA replication following disruptive encounters of a replisome with DNA damage, thereby allowing complete and faithful duplication of the g...

    Authors: Cui Feng, Bharath Sunchu, Mallory E Greenwood and Matthew E Lopper

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:189

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Histophilus somni, a gram-negative coccobacillus, is an obligate inhabitant of bovine and ovine mucosal surfaces, and an opportunistic pathogen responsible for respiratory disease and other systemic infections in...

    Authors: Indra Sandal, Thomas J Inzana, Antonio Molinaro, Christina De Castro, Jian Q Shao, Michael A Apicella, Andrew D Cox, Frank St Michael and Gretchen Berg

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:186

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Acetate is the major source of methane in nature. The majority of investigations have focused on acetotrophic methanogens for which energy-conserving electron transport is dependent on the production and consu...

    Authors: Mingyu Wang, Jean-Francois Tomb and James G Ferry

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:165

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Cronobacter spp. is a newly emerging pathogen that causes meningitis in infants and other diseases in elderly and immunocompromised individuals. This study was undertaken to investigate surface antigenic determin...

    Authors: Ziad W Jaradat, Abrar M Rashdan, Qotaiba O Ababneh, Saied A Jaradat and Arun K Bhunia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:148

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The essential Escherichia coli gene ygjD belongs to a universally conserved group of genes whose function has been the focus of a number of recent studies. Here, we put ygjD under control of an inducible promoter...

    Authors: Tobias Bergmiller, Rafael Peña-Miller, Alexander Boehm and Martin Ackermann

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:118

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Helicobacter pylori (Hp), a human pathogen that is associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer, has been considered a microaerophile, but there is no general consensus about its specific O2 requir...

    Authors: Shin Ae Park, Ara Ko and Na Gyong Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:96

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The periplasmic High Temperature Requirement protein A (HtrA) plays important roles in bacterial protein folding and stress responses. However, the role of chlamydial HtrA (cHtrA) in chlamydial pathogenesis is...

    Authors: Xiang Wu, Lei Lei, Siqi Gong, Ding Chen, Rhonda Flores and Guangming Zhong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:87

    Content type: Research article

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