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Signaling and cellular microbiology

Section edited by Ralf Heermann

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of signaling and cellular microbiology, including cell growth and division, cell cycle, membrane biosynthesis and transport, subcellular organization and ultrastructure, signalling pathways, cell to cell communication, quorum signaling and chemotaxis.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) is a universal signal molecule and enables an individual bacteria to communicate with each other and ultimately control behaviors of the population. Harnessing the character of AI-2, two k...

    Authors: Yufen Quan, Fankang Meng, Xinyu Ma, Xinhao Song, Xiao Liu, Weixia Gao, Yulei Dang, Yao Meng, Mingfeng Cao and Cunjiang Song

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:198

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) is pathogenic to humans, by causing pulmonary inflammation or bronchitis in both adolescents and young adults. However, the molecular signals linki...

    Authors: Hong-liang Chen, Guo-zhi Dai, An-wen Zhou, Ran-hui Li, Hong-xia Yuan, Jing Xiang, Xiao-xing You, Ou Ran and Yi-mou Wu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:153

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein and nonstructural protein 4B (NS4B) are potentially oncogenic. Aberrant activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is closely associated with hepatocarcinogenesis. W...

    Authors: Xiao-Hua Jiang, Yu-Tao Xie, Ya-Ping Cai, Jing Ren and Tao Ma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:124

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The secondary messenger cyclic di-GMP promotes biofilm formation by up regulating the expression of csgD, encoding the major regulator of rdar biofilm formation in Salmonella typhimurium. The GGDEF/EAL domain pro...

    Authors: Irfan Ahmad, Annika Cimdins, Timo Beske and Ute Römling

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:27

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Reversible protein phosphorylation catalyzed by protein kinases and phosphatases is the primary mechanism for signal transduction in all living organisms. Streptococcus pneumoniae encodes a single Ser/Thr protein...

    Authors: Aleš Ulrych, Nela Holečková, Jana Goldová, Linda Doubravová, Oldřich Benada, Olga Kofroňová, Petr Halada and Pavel Branny

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:247

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Traditional medicinal plants have been used as an alternative medicine in many parts of the world, including Ethiopia. There are many documented scientific reports on antimicrobial activities of the same. To o...

    Authors: Ketema Bacha, Yinebeb Tariku, Fisseha Gebreyesus, Shibru Zerihun, Ali Mohammed, Nancy Weiland-Bräuer, Ruth A. Schmitz and Mulugeta Mulat

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:139

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) is a serine protease inhibitor that exerts multiple physiological and patho-physiological activities involving the modulation of coagulation, angiogenesis, tumor inva...

    Authors: Gopinath Kasetty, Emanuel Smeds, Emelie Holmberg, Louise Wrange, Selvi Adikesavan and Praveen Papareddy

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:129

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Different species and strains of probiotic bacteria confer distinct immunological responses on immune cells. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 (GR-1) is a probiotic bacterial strain found in both the intestinal and ur...

    Authors: Shahab Meshkibaf, Jӧrg Fritz, Marcelo Gottschalk and Sung Ouk Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2015 15:238

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The signaling second messenger cyclic AMP (cAMP) regulates many aspects of cellular function in all organisms. Previous studies have suggested a role for cAMP in the regulation of gene expression of cellulolyt...

    Authors: Karoline Maria Vieira Nogueira, Mariana do Nascimento Costa, Renato Graciano de Paula, Flávia Costa Mendonça-Natividade, Rafael Ricci-Azevedo and Roberto Nascimento Silva

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2015 15:195

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    The cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) is currently considered an ubiquitous second messenger in bacteria that influences a wide range of cellular processes. One of the methodological approaches to unravel c-di-GMP...

    Authors: Lorena Romero-Jiménez, David Rodríguez-Carbonell, María Trinidad Gallegos, Juan Sanjuán and Daniel Pérez-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2015 15:190

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that is the leading cause of iatrogenic infections in critically ill patients, especially those undergoing mechanical ventilation. I...

    Authors: Hongdong Li, Xingyuan Li, Zhengli Wang, Yakun Fu, Qing Ai, Ying Dong and Jialin Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2015 15:192

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The Escherichia coli response regulator NarL controls transcription of genes involved in nitrate respiration during anaerobiosis. NarL consists of two domains joined by a linker that wraps around the interdomain ...

    Authors: Galit Katsir, Michael Jarvis, Martin Phillips, Zhongcai Ma and Robert P. Gunsalus

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2015 15:174

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Motility of flagellated bacteria depends crucially on their organelles such as flagella and pili, as well as physical properties of the external medium, such as viscosity and matrix elasticity. We studied the ...

    Authors: Yukun Gao, Marianna Neubauer, Alexander Yang, Nathan Johnson, Michael Morse, Guanglai Li and Jay X Tang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2014 14:322

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Bacillus thuringiensis GabR is a Sigma 54-dependent transcriptional activator containing three typical domains, an N-terminal regulatory domain Per-ARNT-Sim (PAS), a central AAA+ (ATPases associated with differe...

    Authors: Qi Peng, Min Yang, Wei Wang, Lili Han, Guannan Wang, Pengyue Wang, Jie Zhang and Fuping Song

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2014 14:306

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Curcumin (CUR), an active polyphenol derived from the spice turmeric, has been traditionally used for centuries in ancient Indian medicine to treat a number of diseases. The physiological effects of CUR have b...

    Authors: Gajendra Kumar Azad, Vikash Singh, Mayur Jankiram Thakare, Shivani Baranwal and Raghuvir Singh Tomar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2014 14:317

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Bacteria often form multicellular, organized communities known as biofilms, which protect cells from a variety of environmental stresses. During biofilm formation, bacteria secrete a species-specific matrix; in B...

    Authors: Sara A Leiman, Laura C Arboleda, Joseph S Spina and Anna L McLoon

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2014 14:301

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Synthesis and uptake of pyoverdine, the primary siderophore of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is dependent on two extra-cytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factors, FpvI and PvdS. FpvI and PvdS a...

    Authors: Rebecca J Edgar, Xin Xu, Matt Shirley, Anna F Konings, Lois W Martin, David F Ackerley and Iain L Lamont

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2014 14:287

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Aquatic biofilms often serve as environmental reservoirs for microorganisms and provide them with a nutrient-rich growth environment under harsh conditions. With regard to Cryptosporidium, biofilms can serve as e...

    Authors: Wan Koh, Andrew Thompson, Hanna Edwards, Paul Monis and Peta L Clode

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2014 14:281

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The second messenger cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) plays a central role in bacterial adaptation to extracellular stimuli, controlling processes such as motility, biofilm development, cell development and, in s...

    Authors: Robert W McKee, Ankunda Kariisa, Benjamin Mudrak, Courtney Whitaker and Rita Tamayo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2014 14:272

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Pectinex Ultra SP-L (Pectinex) is a microbial-derived enzyme that is used in the food industry and that has been shown to inhibit bacterial biofilms. It has been suggested that Pectinex may be useful in the ma...

    Authors: Ian P Olwoch, Oppel B W Greeff, Gisela Jooné and Vanessa Steenkamp

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2014 14:251

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