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Microbial biochemistry, physiology and metabolism

This section aims to publish studies relating to microbial biochemistry, physiology and metabolism, including enzymology, metabolic pathways and regulation, growth, development and stress responses.

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  1. Iron is an essential nutrient for almost all organisms, and generating iron limiting conditions for pathogens is one of the host defense strategies against microbial infections. Excess of iron can be toxic; th...

    Authors: Hani EJ Kaba, Manfred Nimtz, Peter P Müller and Ursula Bilitewski

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:16

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Bacterial cultivation requires consideration of three things: The bacterial strain, cultivation medium, and cultivation conditions. Most microbiologists dutifully report their choice of strains and cultivation...

    Authors: Greg A Somerville and Richard A Proctor

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:9

    Content type: Correspondence

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  3. Bacterial protein biosynthesis usually depends on a formylated methionyl start tRNA but Staphylococcus aureus is viable in the absence of Fmt, the tRNAMet formyl transferase. fmt mutants exhibit reduced growth ra...

    Authors: Diana Mader, Manuel Liebeke, Volker Winstel, Karen Methling, Martina Leibig, Friedrich Götz, Michael Lalk and Andreas Peschel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:7

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The products of protein breakdown in the human colon are considered to be detrimental to gut health. Amino acid catabolism leads to the formation of sulfides, phenolic compounds and amines, which are inflammat...

    Authors: Anthony J Richardson, Nest McKain and R John Wallace

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2013 13:6

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Leptospires lack many of the homologs for oxidative defense present in other bacteria, but do encode homologs of the Bacteriodes aerotolerance (Bat) proteins, which have been proposed to fulfill this function. Ba...

    Authors: Philip E Stewart, James A Carroll, David W Dorward, Hunter H Stone, Amit Sarkar, Mathieu Picardeau and Patricia A Rosa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:290

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Pseudomonas putida exerts a filamentous phenotype in response to environmental stress conditions that are encountered during its natural life cycle. This study assessed whether P. putida filamentation could confe...

    Authors: Aurélie Crabbé, Baptiste Leroy, Ruddy Wattiez, Abram Aertsen, Natalie Leys, Pierre Cornelis and Rob Van Houdt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:282

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The ecology of columnaris disease, caused by Flavobacterium columnare, is poorly understood despite the economic losses that this disease inflicts on aquaculture farms worldwide. Currently, the natural reservoir ...

    Authors: Covadonga R Arias, Stacey LaFrentz, Wenlong Cai and Oscar Olivares-Fuster

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:266

    Content type: Research article

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  8. [NiFe] hydrogenases are enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of hydrogen into protons and electrons, to use H2 as energy source, or the production of hydrogen through proton reduction, as an escape valve for the e...

    Authors: Marta Albareda, Hamid Manyani, Juan Imperial, Belén Brito, Tomás Ruiz-Argüeso, August Böck and Jose-Manuel Palacios

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:256

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Staphylococcus aureus secretes EsxA and EsxB, two small polypeptides of the WXG100 family of proteins. Genetic analyses have shown that production and secretion of EsxA and EsxB require an intact ESAT-6 Secretion...

    Authors: Yi-Hsing Chen, Mark Anderson, Antoni PA Hendrickx and Dominique Missiakas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:219

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The α-proteobacterium Caulobacter crescentus inhabits low-nutrient environments and can tolerate certain levels of heavy metals in these sites. It has been reported that C. crescentus responds to exposure to vari...

    Authors: Christian Kohler, Rogério F Lourenço, Gabriela M Avelar and Suely L Gomes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:210

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The compatible solute trehalose is involved in the osmostress response of Rhizobium etli, the microsymbiont of Phaseolus vulgaris. In this work, we reconstructed trehalose metabolism in R. etli, and investigated ...

    Authors: Mercedes Reina-Bueno, Montserrat Argandoña, Joaquín J Nieto, Alba Hidalgo-García, Fernando Iglesias-Guerra, María J Delgado and Carmen Vargas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:207

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Clostridium thermocellum is an anaerobic thermophilic bacterium that exhibits high levels of cellulose solublization and produces ethanol as an end product of its metabolism. Using cellulosic biomass as a feedsto...

    Authors: Elizabeth B Mearls, Javier A Izquierdo and Lee R Lynd

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:180

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Sialic acids are negatively charged nine carbon backbone sugars expressed on mammalian cell surfaces. Sialic acids are part of a larger family of nonulosonic acid (NulO) molecules that includes pseudaminic and...

    Authors: Jessica Ricaldi N, Michael A Matthias, Joseph M Vinetz and Amanda L Lewis

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:161

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium is among the small group of fungi that can degrade lignin to carbon dioxide while leaving the crystalline cellulose untouched. The efficient lignin oxidation syste...

    Authors: Dong-Dong Yang, Jean Marie François and Gustavo M de Billerbeck

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:126

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The amino acid-producing Gram-positive Corynebacterium glutamicum is auxotrophic for biotin although biotin ring assembly starting from the precursor pimeloyl-CoA is still functional. It possesses AccBC, the α-su...

    Authors: Jens Schneider, Petra Peters-Wendisch, K Corinna Stansen, Susanne Götker, Stanislav Maximow, Reinhard Krämer and Volker F Wendisch

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:6

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Endophytic fungi are little known for exogenous secretion of phytohormones and mitigation of salinity stress, which is a major limiting factor for agriculture production worldwide. Current study was designed t...

    Authors: Abdul Latif Khan, Muhammad Hamayun, Sang-Mo Kang, Yoon-Ha Kim, Hee-Young Jung, Joong-Hwan Lee and In-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2012 12:3

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The gene YCL047C, which has been renamed promoter of filamentation gene (POF1), has recently been described as a cell component involved in yeast filamentous growth. The objective of this work is to understand th...

    Authors: Iris M Costa, Tallybia HT Nasser, Marilene Demasi, Rafaella MP Nascimento, Luis ES Netto, Sayuri Miyamoto, Fernanda M Prado and Gisele Monteiro

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:268

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is an acidophilic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium that has been successfully used in metal bioleaching. In this study, an analysis of the A. ferrooxidans ATCC 23270 genome revealed...

    Authors: Daniela A Ribeiro, Luiz EV Del Bem, Renato Vicentini, Lúcio FC Ferraz, Mario T Murakami and Laura MM Ottoboni

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:259

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Brucella abortus is the etiological agent of a worldwide zoonosis called brucellosis. This alpha-proteobacterium is dividing asymmetrically, and PdhS, an essential histidine kinase, was reported to be an old pole...

    Authors: Delphine Dotreppe, Caroline Mullier, Jean-Jacques Letesson and Xavier De Bolle

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:257

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Microbiological studies frequently involve exchanges of strains between laboratories and/or stock centers. The integrity of exchanged strains is vital for archival reasons and to ensure reproducible experiment...

    Authors: Beny Spira, Rodrigo de Almeida Toledo, Ram P Maharjan and Thomas Ferenci

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:248

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To date, eight assemblages of Giardia lamblia have been described, but only assemblages A and B are known to infect humans. Despite the fact that the genomic, biological, and clinical differences found between th...

    Authors: Constanza Feliziani, María C Merino, María R Rivero, Ulf Hellman, María C Pistoresi-Palencia and Andrea S Rópolo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:233

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Herbaspirillum seropedicae SmR1 is a nitrogen fixing endophyte associated with important agricultural crops. It produces polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) which is stored intracellularly as granules. However, PHB metabol...

    Authors: Marco AS Kadowaki, Marcelo Müller-Santos, Fabiane GM Rego, Emanuel M Souza, Marshall G Yates, Rose A Monteiro, Fabio O Pedrosa, Leda S Chubatsu and Maria BR Steffens

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:230

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In Enterococcus faecalis the genes encoding the enzymes involved in citrate metabolism are organized in two divergent operons, citHO and oadHDB-citCDEFX-oadA-citMG (citCL locus). Expression of both operons is spe...

    Authors: Cristian A Suárez, Víctor S Blancato, Sandrine Poncet, Josef Deutscher and Christian Magni

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:227

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Most living cells uptake phosphate, an indispensable nutrient for growth from their natural environment. In Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, the cells lack phosphate-inorganic transport (Pit) system but contain two ph...

    Authors: Surachet Burut-Archanai, Julian J Eaton-Rye and Aran Incharoensakdi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:225

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Staphylococcus aureus synthesizes two siderophores, staphyloferrin A and staphyloferrin B, that promote iron-restricted growth. Previous work on the biosynthesis of staphyloferrin B has focused on the role of the...

    Authors: Federico C Beasley, Johnson Cheung and David E Heinrichs

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:199

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Spore-forming Bacilli are Gram-positive bacteria commonly found in a variety of natural habitats, including soil, water and the gastro-intestinal (GI)-tract of animals. Isolates of various Bacillus species produc...

    Authors: Nicola Manzo, Enrica D'Apuzzo, Pedro M Coutinho, Simon M Cutting, Bernard Henrissat and Ezio Ricca

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:198

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Escherichia coli synthesizes three anaerobically inducible [NiFe]-hydrogenases (Hyd). All three enzymes have a [NiFe]-cofactor in the large subunit and each enzyme also has an iron-sulfur-containing small subunit...

    Authors: Constanze Pinske and Gary Sawers

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:196

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous is one of the most promising and economically attractive natural sources of astaxanthin. The biosynthesis of this valuable carotenoid is a complex process for which the reg...

    Authors: Andrés Marcoleta, Mauricio Niklitschek, Aniela Wozniak, Carla Lozano, Jennifer Alcaíno, Marcelo Baeza and Víctor Cifuentes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:190

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae is a common cause of otitis media in children and lower respiratory tract infection in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Prior studies have shown that H....

    Authors: Timothy F Murphy and Aimee L Brauer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:183

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Escherichia coli synthesizes three membrane-bound molybdenum- and selenocysteine-containing formate dehydrogenases, as well as up to four membrane-bound [NiFe]-hydrogenases. Two of the formate dehydrogenases (Fdh...

    Authors: Basem Soboh, Constanze Pinske, Martin Kuhns, Mandy Waclawek, Christian Ihling, Karen Trchounian, Armen Trchounian, Andrea Sinz and Gary Sawers

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:173

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Sirodesmin PL is a secondary metabolite toxin made by the ascomycetous plant pathogen, Leptosphaeria maculans. The sirodesmin biosynthetic genes are clustered in the genome. The key genes are a non-ribosomal pept...

    Authors: Candace E Elliott, Ellen M Fox, Renee S Jarvis and Barbara J Howlett

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:169

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Many bacterial extracytoplasmic proteins are stabilized by intramolecular disulfide bridges that are formed post-translationally between their cysteine residues. This protein modification plays an important ro...

    Authors: Anna D Grabowska, Michał P Wandel, Anna M Łasica, Monika Nesteruk, Paula Roszczenko, Agnieszka Wyszyńska, Renata Godlewska and Elzbieta K Jagusztyn-Krynicka

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:166

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2012 12:58

  33. sabR is a pleiotropic regulatory gene which has been shown to positively regulate the nikkomycin biosynthesis and negatively affect the sporulation of Streptomyces ansochromogenes. In this study, we investigate t...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Pan, Linqi Wang, Xihong He, Yuqing Tian, Gang Liu and Huarong Tan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:164

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Sporothrix schenckii is a pathogenic dimorphic fungus of worldwide distribution. It grows in the saprophytic form with hyaline, regularly septated hyphae and pyriform conidia at 25°C and as the yeast or parasitic...

    Authors: Jorge Rodriguez-Caban, Waleska Gonzalez-Velazquez, Lizaida Perez-Sanchez, Ricardo Gonzalez-Mendez and Nuri Rodriguez-del Valle

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:162

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a globally important pathogen. The Gram-positive diplococcus is a leading cause of pneumonia, otitis media, bacteremia, and meningitis, and antibiotic resistant strains have become inc...

    Authors: Hookang Im, Miriam L Sharpe, Ulrich Strych, Milya Davlieva and Kurt L Krause

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:116

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Clostridium difficile is the major cause of antibiotic associated diarrhoea and in recent years its increased prevalence has been linked to the emergence of hypervirulent clones such as the PCR-ribotype 027. Char...

    Authors: Lisa F Dawson, Elizabeth H Donahue, Stephen T Cartman, Richard H Barton, Jake Bundy, Ruth McNerney, Nigel P Minton and Brendan W Wren

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:86

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A traditional concept in bacterial genetics states that housekeeping genes, those involved in basic metabolic functions needed for maintenance of the cell, are encoded in the chromosome, whereas genes required...

    Authors: Tomás Villaseñor, Susana Brom, Araceli Dávalos, Luis Lozano, David Romero and Alejandro García-de los Santos

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:66

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The bioenergetics of Archaea with respect to the evolution of electron transfer systems is very interesting. In contrast to terminal oxidases, a canonical bc1 complex has not yet been isolated from Archaea. In pa...

    Authors: Yoshiki Kabashima and Junshi Sakamoto

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:52

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Clostridium thermocellum is a Gram-positive thermophilic anaerobic bacterium with the unusual capacity to convert cellulosic biomass into ethanol and hydrogen. Identification and characterization of protein compl...

    Authors: Yanfeng Peng, Yuanming Luo, Tingting Yu, Xinping Xu, Keqiang Fan, Youbao Zhao and Keqian Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2011 11:22

    Content type: Methodology article

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