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Microbial biochemistry, physiology and metabolism

Section edited by Stéphane Aymerich

This section aims to publish studies relating to microbial biochemistry, physiology and metabolism, including enzymology, metabolic pathways and regulation, growth, development and stress responses.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    It is widely believed that most xenobiotics cross biomembranes by diffusing through the phospholipid bilayer, and that the use of protein transporters is an occasional adjunct. According to an alternative view...

    Authors: Srijan Jindal, Lei Yang, Philip J. Day and Douglas B. Kell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:195

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  2. Content type: Research article

    All living organisms experience physiological changes regulated by endogenous circadian rhythms. The main factor controlling the circadian clock is the duration of daylight. The aim of this research was to ide...

    Authors: Ksenia M. Klimina, Ekaterina G. Batotsyrenova, Roman A. Yunes, Elena H. Gilyaeva, Elena U. Poluektova, Taisia A. Kostrova, Anna V. Kudryavtseva, Maya V. Odorskaya, Vadim A. Kashuro, Artem S. Kasianov, Maksim B. Ivanov and Valery N. Danilenko

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:160

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Persisters are rare phenotypic variants within a bacterial population that are capable of tolerating lethal antibiotic concentrations. Passage through stationary phase is associated with the formation of persi...

    Authors: Sandra J. Aedo, Mehmet A. Orman and Mark P. Brynildsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:140

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In natural environments, bacteria always live in communities with others where their physiological characteristics are influenced by each other. Bacteria can communicate with one another by using autoinducers....

    Authors: Shuxin Zhou, Zixun Yu and Weihua Chu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:135

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is considered a keystone pathogen responsible for chronic periodontitis. Although several virulence factors produced by this bacterium are quite well characterized, very little is known a...

    Authors: Michał Śmiga, Paulina Stępień, Mariusz Olczak and Teresa Olczak

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:127

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Riemerella anatipestifer (R. anatipestifer) is one of the most important poultry pathogens worldwide, with associated infections causing significant economic losses. Rifampin Resistance is an important mechanism ...

    Authors: Jiakai Sun, Dekang Zhu, Jinge Xu, Renyong Jia, Shun Chen, Mafeng Liu, Xinxin Zhao, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Shaqiu Zhang, Yunya Liu, Ling Zhang, Yanling Yu, Yu You, Mingshu Wang and Anchun Cheng

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:107

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin B1 (VB1) is a crucial dietary nutrient and essential cofactor for several key enzymes in the regulation of cellular and metabolic processes, and more importantly in the activation of immune system. To dat...

    Authors: Ningning Song, Zhaoli Li, Ziyin Cui, Liping Chen, Yingying Cui, Guanghui Dang, Zhe Li, He Li and Siguo Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:104

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial chemotaxis, the ability of motile bacteria to navigate gradients of chemicals, plays key roles in the establishment of various plant-microbe associations, including those that benefit plant growth an...

    Authors: Mustafa Elmas, Vasilios Alexiades, Lindsey O’Neal and Gladys Alexandre

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:101

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Thermotolerance is a highly desirable trait of microbial cell factories and has been the focus of extensive research. Yeast usually tolerate only a narrow temperature range and just two species, Kluyveromyces mar...

    Authors: Mathias Lehnen, Birgitta E. Ebert and Lars M. Blank

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:100

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Consuming red and processed meat has been associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), which is partly attributed to exposure to carcinogens such as heterocyclic amines (HCA) formed during coo...

    Authors: Jianbo Zhang, Christophe Lacroix, Esther Wortmann, Hans-Joachim Ruscheweyh, Shinichi Sunagawa, Shana J. Sturla and Clarissa Schwab

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:99

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Phosphate is a fundamental nutrient for all creatures. It is thus not surprising that a single bacterium carries different transport systems for this molecule, each usually operating under different environmen...

    Authors: Raffaele Stasi, Henrique Iglesias Neves and Beny Spira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:79

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Aeromonas hydrophila is an opportunistic pathogen of poikilothermic and homoeothermic animals, including humans. In the present study, we described the role of Alanine racemase (alr-2) in the virulence of A. hydr...

    Authors: Dong Liu, Ting Zhang, Yaping Wang, Murtala Muhammad, Wen Xue, Jiansong Ju and Baohua Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:72

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Rodentibacter (R.) pneumotropicus colonizes the respiratory and urogenital tracts of laboratory mice with a reported moderate serological prevalence from 4 to 13%. Thus, regular tests to identify this pathogen in...

    Authors: Felix Fingas, Daniela Volke, Rayk Hassert, Juliane Fornefett, Sophie Funk, Christoph Georg Baums and Ralf Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:43

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The indolizidine alkaloid-swainsonine is produced by an endophytic fungus Alternaria oxytropis, which was isolated from locoweeds. Swainsonine has many biological activities such as anti-tumorigenic, anti-viral a...

    Authors: Runjie Song, Jinglong Wang, Lu Sun, Yajing Zhang, Zhenghui Ren, Baoyu Zhao and Hao Lu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:35

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Previous reports showed that mutagenesis in nutrient-limiting conditions is dependent on Mfd in Bacillus subtilis. Mfd initiates one type of transcription-coupled repair (TCR); this type of repair is known to tar...

    Authors: Holly Anne Martin, Katelyn E. Porter, Carmen Vallin, Tatiana Ermi, Natalie Contreras, Mario Pedraza-Reyes and Eduardo A. Robleto

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:26

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the infectious agent of a wide variety of avian diseases, which causes substantial economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. Polyamines contribute to the optim...

    Authors: Priscila R. Guerra, Ana Herrero-Fresno, Victor Ladero, Begoña Redruello, Teresa Pires dos Santos, Malene R. Spiegelhauer, Lotte Jelsbak and John Elmerdahl Olsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:226

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl is a long lasting herbicide in the agro-ecosystem and its residue is toxic to crops and other non-target organisms. A better understanding of molecular basis in pyrazosulfuron-ethyl tolera...

    Authors: Xiang-Wen Luo, De-Yang Zhang, Teng-Hui Zhu, Xu-Guo Zhou, Jing Peng, Song-Bai Zhang and Yong Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:207

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The aggressive spread of Liberibacter asiaticus, a bacterium closely associated with citrus greening, has given rise to an acute crisis in the citrus industry, making it imperative to expand the scientific knowle...

    Authors: Janelle F. Coyle, Fernando A. Pagliai, Dan Zhang, Graciela L. Lorca and Claudio F. Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:201

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (PSA) is an emerging kiwifruit bacterial pathogen which since 2008 has caused considerable losses. No quorum sensing (QS) signaling molecule has yet been reported from PSA and ...

    Authors: Sree Gowrinadh Javvadi, Paola Cescutti, Roberto Rizzo, Valentina Lonzarich, Luciano Navarini, Danilo Licastro, Corrado Guarnaccia and Vittorio Venturi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:199

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The ambient temperature of all habitats is a key physical property that shapes the biology of microbes inhabiting them. The optimal growth temperature (OGT) of a microbe, is therefore a key piece of data neede...

    Authors: Martin K. M. Engqvist

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:177

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA110 nodulates soybeans for nitrogen fixation. It accumulates poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), which is of physiological importance as a carbon/energy source for survival during star...

    Authors: Shogo Nishihata, Takahiko Kondo, Kosei Tanaka, Shu Ishikawa, Shinji Takenaka, Choong-Min Kang and Ken-ichi Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:156

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) is an allosteric enzyme, which catalyzes the first unique step of lysine biosynthesis in prokaryotes, higher plants and some fungi. To date, the biological roles of DHDPS i...

    Authors: Weichao Ren, Jiting Tao, Dongya Shi, Wenchan Chen and Changjun Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:128

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a common opportunistic pathogen, is known to cause infections in a variety of compromised human tissues. An emerging mechanism for microbial survival is the incorporation of exogenous fatt...

    Authors: Lyssa Y. Baker, Chelsea R. Hobby, Andrew W. Siv, William C. Bible, Michael S. Glennon, Derek M. Anderson, Steven J. Symes and David K. Giles

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:117

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Dimethylphenols (DMP) are toxic compounds with high environmental mobility in water and one of the main constituents of effluents from petro- and carbochemical industry. Over the last few decades, the use of c...

    Authors: Mónica A. Vásquez-Piñeros, Paula M. Martínez-Lavanchy, Nico Jehmlich, Dietmar H. Pieper, Carlos A. Rincón, Hauke Harms, Howard Junca and Hermann J. Heipieper

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:108

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Microorganisms specifically bacteria play a crucial role in arsenic mobilization and its distribution in aquatic systems. Although bacteria are well known for their active participation in the different biogeo...

    Authors: Saurav Das and Madhumita Barooah

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:104

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The functioning of DNA repair systems is based on correct interactions between proteins involved in DNA repair. Very Short Patch (VSP) repair is a DNA repair system that corrects mismatches resulting from the ...

    Authors: Monika Adamczyk-Popławska, Katarzyna Bandyra and Agnieszka Kwiatek

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:95

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Background In many works, the chemical composition of bacterially-produced elemental selenium nanoparticles (Se0-nanoparticles) was investigated using electron dispersive X-ray analysis. The results suggest that ...

    Authors: Janine Kessi and Stefan Hörtensteiner

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:81

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of Legionnaire’s disease, may enter a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state triggered by environmental stress conditions. Specific outer-membrane epitopes of L. pneumo...

    Authors: Barbara Schrammel, Markus Petzold, Sílvia Cervero-Aragó, Regina Sommer, Christian Lück and Alexander Kirschner

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:75

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Microorganisms have evolved a number of mechanisms to thrive in cold environments, including the production of antifreeze proteins, high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and ergosterol. In this work, sev...

    Authors: Pablo Villarreal, Mario Carrasco, Salvador Barahona, Jennifer Alcaíno, Víctor Cifuentes and Marcelo Baeza

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:66

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Pu-erh tea is a traditional Chinese tea and produced by natural solid-state fermentation. Several studies show that the natural microbiota influence caffeine level in pu-erh tea. Our previous research also fou...

    Authors: Binxing Zhou, Cunqiang Ma, Hongzhen Wang and Tao Xia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:53

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Over 65% of human infections are ascribed to bacterial biofilms that are often highly resistant to antibiotics and host immunity. Staphylococcus epidermidis is the predominant cause of recurrent nosocomial and bi...

    Authors: Charles Ochieng’ Olwal, Paul Oyieng’ Ang’ienda, David Miruka Onyango and Daniel Otieno Ochiel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:40

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  32. Content type: Research article

    An issue associated with efficient bioethanol production is the fact that the desired product is toxic to the biocatalyst. Among other effects, ethanol has previously been found to influence the membrane of E. co...

    Authors: Katherine M. Lupino, Kymberleigh A. Romano, Matthew J. Simons, John T. Gregg, Leanna Panepinto, Ghislaine M. Cruz, Lauren Grajek, Gregory A. Caputo, Mark J. Hickman and Gregory B. Hecht

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:36

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Many gram-negative bacteria produce an outer membrane phospholipase A (PldA) that plays an important role in outer membrane function and is associated with virulence.

    Authors: Christopher M. Stead, Diane C. Cockrell, Paul A. Beare, Heather E. Miller and Robert A. Heinzen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:33

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Changes in nutrient availability have dramatic and well-defined impacts on both transcription and translation in bacterial cells. At the same time, the role of post-translational control in adaptation to nutri...

    Authors: Norbert S. Hill, Jason D. Zuke, P. J. Buske, An-Chun Chien and Petra Anne Levin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:29

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Within the polymicrobial dental plaque biofilm, bacteria kill competitors by excreting mixtures of bacteriocins, resulting in improved fitness and survival. Inhibiting their bacteriocin synthesis might therefo...

    Authors: Priyanka Premnath, Michael Reck, Kathrin Wittstein, Marc Stadler and Irene Wagner-Döbler

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:24

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  36. Content type: Research article

    A major role of the PhyR-NepR-σ(EcfG) cascade in the general stress response was demonstrated for some bacterial species and considered as conserved in Alphaproteobacteria. The σ(EcfG) factor activates its tar...

    Authors: Qingfeng Li, Tao Peng and Gabriele Klug

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:18

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The 6S RNA is a global transcriptional riboregulator, which is exceptionally widespread among most bacterial phyla. While its role is well-characterized in some heterotrophic bacteria, we subjected a cyanobact...

    Authors: Beate Heilmann, Kaisa Hakkila, Jens Georg, Taina Tyystjärvi, Wolfgang R. Hess, Ilka M. Axmann and Dennis Dienst

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:229

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The genes of the non-phosphorylative L-rhamnose catabolic pathway have been identified for several yeast species. In Schefferomyces stipitis, all L-rhamnose pathway genes are organized in a cluster, which is cons...

    Authors: Claire Khosravi, Roland Sándor Kun, Jaap Visser, María Victoria Aguilar-Pontes, Ronald P. de Vries and Evy Battaglia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:214

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Microbial degradation of phenoxy acid (PA) herbicides in agricultural soils is important to minimize herbicide leaching to groundwater reservoirs. Degradation may, however, be hampered by exposure of the degra...

    Authors: Nanna Bygvraa Svenningsen, Mette Damgaard, Maria Rasmussen, Danilo Pérez-Pantoja, Ole Nybroe and Mette Haubjerg Nicolaisen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:211

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to compare the rumen bacterial composition in high and low yielding dairy cows within and between two dairy herds. Eighty five Holstein dairy cows in mid-lactation (79–179 days in...

    Authors: Nagaraju Indugu, Bonnie Vecchiarelli, Linda D. Baker, James D. Ferguson, Jairam K. P. Vanamala and Dipti W. Pitta

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:190

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  41. Content type: Research article

    H-NS family proteins are nucleoid-associated proteins that form oligomers on DNA and function as global regulators. They are found in both bacterial chromosomes and plasmids, and were suggested to be candidate...

    Authors: Zongping Sun, Delyana Vasileva, Chiho Suzuki-Minakuchi, Kazunori Okada, Feng Luo, Yasuo Igarashi and Hideaki Nojiri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:188

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