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BMC Microbiology

Microbial biochemistry, physiology and metabolism

Section edited by Stéphane Aymerich

This section aims to publish studies relating to microbial biochemistry, physiology and metabolism, including enzymology, metabolic pathways and regulation, growth, development and stress responses.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The genes of the non-phosphorylative L-rhamnose catabolic pathway have been identified for several yeast species. In Schefferomyces stipitis, all L-rhamnose pathway genes are organized in a cluster, which is cons...

    Authors: Claire Khosravi, Roland Sándor Kun, Jaap Visser, María Victoria Aguilar-Pontes, Ronald P. de Vries and Evy Battaglia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:214

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Microbial degradation of phenoxy acid (PA) herbicides in agricultural soils is important to minimize herbicide leaching to groundwater reservoirs. Degradation may, however, be hampered by exposure of the degra...

    Authors: Nanna Bygvraa Svenningsen, Mette Damgaard, Maria Rasmussen, Danilo Pérez-Pantoja, Ole Nybroe and Mette Haubjerg Nicolaisen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:211

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to compare the rumen bacterial composition in high and low yielding dairy cows within and between two dairy herds. Eighty five Holstein dairy cows in mid-lactation (79–179 days in...

    Authors: Nagaraju Indugu, Bonnie Vecchiarelli, Linda D. Baker, James D. Ferguson, Jairam K. P. Vanamala and Dipti W. Pitta

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:190

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  4. Content type: Research article

    H-NS family proteins are nucleoid-associated proteins that form oligomers on DNA and function as global regulators. They are found in both bacterial chromosomes and plasmids, and were suggested to be candidate...

    Authors: Zongping Sun, Delyana Vasileva, Chiho Suzuki-Minakuchi, Kazunori Okada, Feng Luo, Yasuo Igarashi and Hideaki Nojiri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:188

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The only hitherto known biological role of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Tum1 protein is in the tRNA thiolation pathway. The mammalian homologue of the yeast TUM1 gene, the thiosulfate sulfurtransferase (a.k.a. ...

    Authors: Katja Uršič, Mojca Ogrizović, Dušan Kordiš, Klaus Natter and Uroš Petrovič

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:181

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Sigma factors are one of the components of RNA polymerase holoenzymes, and an essential factor of transcription initiation in bacteria. Corynebacterium glutamicum possesses seven genes coding for sigma factors, m...

    Authors: Hironori Taniguchi, Tobias Busche, Thomas Patschkowski, Karsten Niehaus, Miroslav Pátek, Jörn Kalinowski and Volker F. Wendisch

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:158

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Bacillus subtilis is able to utilize at least three inositol stereoisomers as carbon sources, myo-, scyllo-, and D-chiro-inositol (MI, SI, and DCI, respectively). NAD+-dependent SI deh...

    Authors: Dong-Min Kang, Christophe Michon, Tetsuro Morinaga, Kosei Tanaka, Shinji Takenaka, Shu Ishikawa and Ken-ichi Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:154

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Some Bacillus strains have recently been identified for potential use as probiotics and food additives. The present study evaluated the antimicrobial effects of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 and its metabolite on t...

    Authors: Maryam Poormontaseri, Saeid Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Shahram Shekarforoush and Tahereh Kalantari

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:150

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Combining experimental and computational screening methods has been of keen interest in drug discovery. In the present study, we developed an efficient screening method that has been used to screen 2100 small-...

    Authors: Yaping Wang, Chao Yang, Wen Xue, Ting Zhang, Xipei Liu, Jiansong Ju, Baohua Zhao and Dong Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:122

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Nitroreductases, NAD(P)H dependent flavoenzymes, are found in most of bacterial species. Even if Enterococcus faecalis strains seems to present such activity because of their sensitivity to nitrofurans, no enzyme...

    Authors: Valérie Chalansonnet, Claire Mercier, Sylvain Orenga and Christophe Gilbert

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:126

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Bacteria present in cave often survive by modifying their metabolic pathway or other mechanism. Understanding these adopted bacteria and their survival strategy inside the cave is an important aspect of microb...

    Authors: Surajit De Mandal, Raghunath Chatterjee and Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:90

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial Hfq proteins post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression, primarily by mediating the interaction between sRNAs (small RNAs) and their target mRNAs. The role of Hfq-based regulation has been well ...

    Authors: Andrea B. Keefer, Eugenia K. Asare, Andrei P. Pomerantsev, Mahtab Moayeri, Craig Martens, Stephen F. Porcella, Susan Gottesman, Stephen H. Leppla and Catherine E. Vrentas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:63

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The first row transition metal ions zinc and copper are essential to the survival of many organisms, although in excess these ions are associated with significant toxicity. Here, we examined the impact of zinc...

    Authors: Karl A. Hassan, Victoria G. Pederick, Liam D. H. Elbourne, Ian T. Paulsen, James C. Paton, Christopher A. McDevitt and Bart A. Eijkelkamp

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:59

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Although bacterial peptidases are known to be produced by various microorganisms, including pathogenic bacteria, their role in bacterial physiology is not fully understood. In particular, oligopeptidases are t...

    Authors: Ali Atas, Alan M. Seddon, Donna C. Ford, Ian A. Cooper, Brendan W. Wren, Petra C. F. Oyston and Andrey V. Karlyshev

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:282

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Microbial antimonite [Sb(III)] oxidation converts toxic Sb(III) into less toxic antimonate [Sb(V)] and plays an important role in the biogeochemical Sb cycle. Currently, little is known about the mechanisms un...

    Authors: Dan Wang, Fengqiu Zhu, Qian Wang, Christopher Rensing, Peng Yu, Jing Gong and Gejiao Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:279

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The strictly anaerobic, sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfococcus biacutus can utilize acetone as sole carbon and energy source for growth. Whereas in aerobic and nitrate-reducing bacteria acetone is activated by ...

    Authors: Jasmin Frey, Hendrik Rusche, Bernhard Schink and David Schleheck

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:280

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the leading causes of community acquired pneumonia and acute otitis media. Certain aspects of S. pneumoniae’s virulence are dependent upon expression...

    Authors: Joseph C. Bryant, Ridge C. Dabbs, Katie L. Oswalt, Lindsey R. Brown, Jason W. Rosch, Keun S. Seo, Janet R. Donaldson, Larry S. McDaniel and Justin A. Thornton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:271

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are one of the major glycan source of the infant gut microbiota. The two species that predominate the infant bifidobacteria community, Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis and...

    Authors: Vera Bunesova, Christophe Lacroix and Clarissa Schwab

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:248

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In Escherichia coli, nagD, yrfG, yjjG, yieH, yigL, surE, and yfbR encode 5′-nucleotidases that hydrolyze the phosphate group of 5′-nucleotides. In Bacillus subtilis, genes encoding 5′-nucleotidase have remained t...

    Authors: Ayako Terakawa, Ayane Natsume, Atsushi Okada, Shogo Nishihata, Junko Kuse, Kosei Tanaka, Shinji Takenaka, Shu Ishikawa and Ken-ichi Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:249

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