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Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

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  1. Anaplasma and Ehrlichia are emerging tick-borne pathogens that cause anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis in humans and other animals worldwide. Infections caused by these pathogens are deadl...

    Authors: Benson C. Iweriebor, Elia J. Mmbaga, Abiodun Adegborioye, Aboi Igwaran, Larry C. Obi and Anthony I. Okoh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:45

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Avian β-defensins (AvBD) possess broad-spectrum antimicrobial, LPS neutralizing and chemotactic properties. AvBD-12 is a chemoattractant for avian immune cells and mammalian dendritic cells (JAWSII) — a unique...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Chunye Zhang, Michael Z. Zhang and Shuping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:43

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Porphyromonas gingivalis is strongly associated with the development, progression, severity and recurrence of periodontitis. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) play an important ...

    Authors: Chunling Pan, Junchao Liu, Hongyan Wang, Jia Song, Lisi Tan and Haijiao Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:38

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Mob family proteins are conserved between animals, plants and fungi and are essential for the activation of NDR kinases that control crucial cellular processes like cytokinesis, proliferation and morphology.

    Authors: Johannes Schmidpeter, Marlis Dahl, Jörg Hofmann and Christian Koch

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:22

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In Kazakhstan, traditional artisanal cheeses have a long history and are widely consumed. The unique characteristics of local artisanal cheeses are almost completely preserved. However, their microbial communi...

    Authors: Jing Li, Yi Zheng, Haiyan Xu, Xiaoxia Xi, Qiangchuan Hou, Shuzhen Feng, Laga Wuri, Yanfei Bian, Zhongjie Yu, Lai-Yu Kwok, Zhihong Sun and Tiansong Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:13

    Content type: Researc article

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  6. Our previous study suggested that SEB exposure in pregnant rats could lead to the change of T cells subpopulation in both peripheral blood and thymus of the offspring rats. However, rarely is known about the i...

    Authors: Ping Zhou, Xin-sheng Zhang, Zhi-ben Xu, Shu-xian Gao, Qing-wei Zheng, Ming-zhu Xu, Lin Shen, Feng Yu and Jun-chang Guan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:1

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Environmental chlamydiae belonging to the Parachlamydiaceae are obligate intracellular bacteria that infect Acanthamoeba, a free-living amoeba, and are a risk for hospital-acquired pneumonia. However, whether amo...

    Authors: Tatsuya Fukumoto, Junji Matsuo, Torahiko Okubo, Shinji Nakamura, Kentaro Miyamoto, Kentaro Oka, Motomichi Takahashi, Kouji Akizawa, Hitoshi Shibuya, Chikara Shimizu and Hiroyuki Yamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:292

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The natural course of sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis varies between individuals. In addition to parasite and host effects, the vaginal microbiota might play a key role in the outc...

    Authors: Noa Ziklo, Wilhelmina M. Huston, Kuong Taing, Mohammad Katouli and Peter Timms

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:286

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) is the causative agent of melioidosis, a kind of tropical disease. Burkholderia thailandensis (Bt), with a high sequence similarity to Bp, is thought to ...

    Authors: Yao Fang, Hai Chen, Yi Hu, Qian Li, Zhiqiang Hu, Tengfei Ma and Xuhu Mao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:283

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis is a common intracellular pathogen that infects patients with HIV/AIDS and cause lung infection in patients with underlying lung pathology. M.avi...

    Authors: Jessica J. Chinison, Lia Danelishvili, Rashmi Gupta, Sasha J. Rose, Lmar M. Babrak and Luiz E. Bermudez

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:270

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To facilitate infection, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the bacterial blight pathogen of rice, needs to degrade hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generated by the host defense response via a mechanism that is mediat...

    Authors: Chao Yu, Nu Wang, Maosen Wu, Fang Tian, Huamin Chen, Fenghuan Yang, Xiaochen Yuan, Ching-Hong Yang and Chenyang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:269

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Access to potable water remains a major challenge particularly in resource-limited settings. Although the potential contaminants of water are varied, enteric pathogenic protozoa are known to cause waterborne d...

    Authors: Fuh Anold Nsoh, Buh Amos Wung, Julius Atashili, Pokam Thumamo Benjamin, Eba Marvlyn, Keumami Katte Ivo and Assob Jules Clément Nguedia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:268

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The better understanding of how intestinal microbiota interacts with fish health is one of the key to sustainable aquaculture development. The present experiment aimed at correlating active microbiota associat...

    Authors: François-Joël Gatesoupe, Christine Huelvan, Nicolas Le Bayon, Hervé Le Delliou, Lauriane Madec, Olivier Mouchel, Patrick Quazuguel, David Mazurais and José-Luis Zambonino-Infante

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:266

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is thought to induce oxidative stress. N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) is widely used in patients with chronic pulmonary diseases including tuberculosis du...

    Authors: Eduardo P. Amaral, Elisabete L. Conceição, Diego L. Costa, Michael S. Rocha, Jamocyr M. Marinho, Marcelo Cordeiro-Santos, Maria Regina D’Império-Lima, Theolis Barbosa, Alan Sher and Bruno B. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:251

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Biofilms are a highly structured consortia of microorganisms that adhere to a substrate and are encased within an extracellular matrix (ECM) that is produced by the organisms themselves. Aspergillus fumigatus is ...

    Authors: Alejandra Itzel González-Ramírez, Adrián Ramírez-Granillo, María Gabriela Medina-Canales, Aída Verónica Rodríguez-Tovar and María Angeles Martínez-Rivera

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:243

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Interleukin (IL)-8 is the key agent for initiating an inflammatory response to infection with Helicobacter pylori. Some strains of Lactobacillus spp. are known to colonize the stomach and suppress inflammation ca...

    Authors: Wimonrat Panpetch, Jennifer K. Spinler, James Versalovic and Somying Tumwasorn

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:242

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The present study was conducted to compare the differences in gut microbiota composition and gut-phenotypes among pig breeds, and determine whether these differences would transmit to mice colonized with fecal...

    Authors: H. Diao, H. L. Yan, Y. Xiao, B. Yu, J. Yu, J. He, P. Zheng, B.H. Zeng, H. Wei, X.B. Mao and D.W. Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:238

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2016 16:253

  18. Group A Streptococcus (GAS; Streptococcus pyogenes) causes a range of mild to severe infections in humans. It can also colonize healthy persons asymptomatically. Therefore, it is important to study GAS carriage i...

    Authors: Tejaswini Kulkarni, Chihiro Aikawa, Takashi Nozawa, Kazunori Murase, Fumito Maruyama and Ichiro Nakagawa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:237

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Although interest in animal pathogenic oomycetes is increasing, the molecular basis mediating oomycete-animal relationships remains virtually unknown. Crinkler (CRN) genes, which have been traditionally associ...

    Authors: Isabel E. Olivera, Katrina C. Fins, Sara A. Rodriguez, Sumayyah K. Abiff, Jaime L. Tartar and Aurélien Tartar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:232

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming obligate anaerobe that can remain viable for extended periods, even in the presence of antibiotics, which contributes to the persistence of thi...

    Authors: Catherine E. Isom, Smita K. Menon, Leonard M. Thomas, Ann H. West, George B. Richter-Addo and Elizabeth A. Karr

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:231

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Staphylococcus aureus is the principle causative pathogen of osteomyelitis and implant-associated bone infections. It is able to invade and to proliferate inside osteoblasts thus avoid...

    Authors: Walid Mohamed, Eugen Domann, Trinad Chakraborty, Gopala Mannala, Katrin S. Lips, Christian Heiss, Reinhard Schnettler and Volker Alt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:230

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The role of Lactobacillus cell wall components in the protection against pathogen infection in the gut is still largely unexplored. We have previously shown that L. amylovorus DSM 16698T is able to reduce the ent...

    Authors: Marianna Roselli, Alberto Finamore, Ulla Hynönen, Airi Palva and Elena Mengheri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:226

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae (M. ovipneumoniae) is a species of Mycoplasma bacteria that specifically infects sheep and goat, causing ovine infectious pleuropneumonia. However, the mechani...

    Authors: Yanan Li, Zhongjia Jiang, Di Xue, Guangcun Deng, Min Li, Xiaoming Liu and Yujiong Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:222

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Avian beta-defensins (AvBD) are small, cationic, antimicrobial peptides. The potential application of AvBDs as alternatives to antibiotics has been the subject of interest. However, the mechanisms of action re...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Chunye Zhang, Xuehan Zhang, Michael Z. Zhang, George E. Rottinghaus and Shuping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:210

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There is a rapid emergence of multiple resistant gram-negative bacteria due to overuse of antibiotics in the treatment of infections. Biofilms consist of polymicrobial communities that survive the host’s defen...

    Authors: Chongcong Wu, Sravya Nakka, Sepahdar Mansouri, Torbjörn Bengtsson, Tayeb Nayeri and Fariba Nayeri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:209

    Content type: Research article

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  26. As an agriculturally important oomycete genus, Phytophthora contains a large number of destructive plant pathogens that severely threaten agricultural production and natural ecosystems. Among them is the broad ho...

    Authors: Dongliang Wu, Natasha Navet, Yingchao Liu, Janice Uchida and Miaoying Tian

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:204

    Content type: Methodology article

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  27. Highly virulent strains of the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori encode a type IV secretion system (T4SS) that delivers the effector protein CagA into gastric epithelial cells. Translocated CagA undergoes tyro...

    Authors: Judith Lind, Steffen Backert, Rebecca Hoffmann, Jutta Eichler, Yoshio Yamaoka, Guillermo I. Perez-Perez, Javier Torres, Heinrich Sticht and Nicole Tegtmeyer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Burkholderia cenocepacia is a Gram-negative, opportunistic pathogen that is a cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Research efforts over the past few...

    Authors: Christiaan D. M. Wijers, Ryan Vagedes and Christine Weingart

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:200

    Content type: Methodology article

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  29. Pseudomonas syringae infects diverse plant species and is widely used in the study of effector function and the molecular basis of disease. Although the relationship between bacterial ...

    Authors: Bronwyn G. Butcher, Suma Chakravarthy, Katherine D’Amico, Kari Brossard Stoos and Melanie J. Filiatrault

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:194

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Largemouth bronze gudgeon (Coreius guichenoti) is of economic importance in China, distributed in upstream regions of the Yangtze River in China. But it has recently dramatically declined and is close to eliminat...

    Authors: Xuemei Li, Qingyun Yan, Einar Ringø, Xingbing Wu, Yongfeng He and Deguo Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:191

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Our group has developed a new process for isolating and identifying novel cationic antimicrobial peptides from small amounts of biological samples. Previously, we identified several active antimicrobial peptid...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Barksdale, Evelyn J. Hrifko, Ezra Myung-Chul Chung and Monique. L. van Hoek

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:189

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The complications in healthcare systems associated with antibiotic-resistant microorganisms have resulted in an intense search for new effective antimicrobials. Attractive substances from which novel antibioti...

    Authors: Hazem Khalaf, Sravya Sowdamini Nakka, Camilla Sandén, Anna Svärd, Kjell Hultenby, Nikolai Scherbak, Daniel Aili and Torbjörn Bengtsson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:188

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Necrotic enteritis (NE) caused by netB-positive type A Clostridium perfringens is an important bacterial disease of poultry. Through its complex regulatory system, C. perfringens orchestrates the expression of a ...

    Authors: Valeria R. Parreira, Kay Russell, Spiridoula Athanasiadou and John F. Prescott

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:186

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Rapid identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of the causative agent(s) of bloodstream infections can lead to prompt appropriate antimicrobial therapy. To shorten species identification, ...

    Authors: Simona Barnini, Veronica Brucculeri, Paola Morici, Emilia Ghelardi, Walter Florio and Antonella Lupetti

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:185

    Content type: Methodology article

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  35. The Bacillus anthracis S-layer protein, BslA, plays a crucial role in mammalian infection. BslA is required to mediate adherence between host cells and vegetative forms of bacteria and this interaction promotes t...

    Authors: Yanchun Wang, Ying Wei, Shengling Yuan, Haoxia Tao, Jie Dong, Zhaoshan Zhang, Wei Tian and Chunjie Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:183

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The lp28-1 plasmid is required for persistent infection by the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi. Mutational studies on this plasmid have shown that the vls locus is important for antigenic variation ...

    Authors: Petronella R. Hove Magunda and Troy Bankhead

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:180

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The ability of Yersinia pestis to form a biofilm is an important characteristic in flea transmission of this pathogen. Y. pestis laterally acquired two plasmids (pPCP1and pMT1) and the ability to form biofilms wh...

    Authors: Zizhong Liu, Xiaofang Gao, Hongduo Wang, Haihong Fang, Yanfeng Yan, Lei Liu, Rong Chen, Dongsheng Zhou, Ruifu Yang and Yanping Han

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:176

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) is a common pathogen to infect newborn, woman, the elderly, and immuno-compromised human and fish. 37 fish isolates and 554 human isolates of the GBS in ...

    Authors: Chishih Chu, Pei-Yu Huang, Hung-Ming Chen, Ying-Hsiang Wang, I-An Tsai, Chih-Cheng Lu and Che-Chun Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:175

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The opportunistic bacterial pathogen Legionella pneumophila uses substrate effectors of Dot/Icm type IVB secretion system (T4BSS) to accomplish survival and replication in amoebae cells and mammalian alveolar mac...

    Authors: Bei-bei Zhao, Xiang-hui Li, Yong-lun Zeng and Yong-jun Lu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:174

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Study of a clinic case reveals that alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is related to CD4+ T cell count decline and AIDS progression, suggesting that AAT might be an endogenous inhibitor of HIV/AIDS. Previous...

    Authors: Xueyuan Zhou, Zhu Liu, Jun Zhang, Joseph W. Adelsberger, Jun Yang and Gregory F. Burton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:172

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Regardless of sanitation practices implemented to reduce Salmonella prevalence in poultry processing plants, the problem continues to be an issue. To gain an understanding of the attachment mechanism of Salmonell...

    Authors: Sanaz Salehi, Kevin Howe, John Brooks, Mark L. Lawrence, R. Hartford Bailey and Attila Karsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:168

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Pet is a toxin from the family of Serine Protease Autotransporters of Enterobacteriaceae which was initially identified in Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli strains. This protease exhibits enterotoxin properties...

    Authors: L. M. Rocha-Ramírez, U. Hernández-Chiñas, D. Baños-Rojas, J. Xicohtencatl-Cortés, M. E. Chávez-Berrocal, G. Rico-Rosillo, R. Kretschmer and C. A. Eslava

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:158

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Streptococcus pneumoniae causes several human diseases, including pneumonia and meningitis, in which pathology is associated with an excessive inflammatory response. A major inducer of...

    Authors: Denja Baumgartner, Suzanne Aebi, Denis Grandgirard, Stephen L. Leib, Annette Draeger, Eduard Babiychuk and Lucy J. Hathaway

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:154

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Leptospira interrogans is a spirochaete responsible for leptospirosis in mammals. The molecular mechanisms of the Leptospira virulence remain mostly unknown. Recently, it has been demo...

    Authors: Joanna Krajewska, Zbigniew Arent, Daniel Więckowski, Michal Zolkiewski and Sabina Kędzierska-Mieszkowska

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:151

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Plant cell wall degrading enzymes (PCWDEs) are a subset of carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZy) produced by plant pathogens to degrade plant cell walls. To counteract PCWDEs, plants release PCWDEs inhibitor prot...

    Authors: Hao-Xun Chang, Craig R. Yendrek, Gustavo Caetano-Anolles and Glen L. Hartman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:147

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2017 17:110

  46. Similar to Gram-negative organisms, Borrelia spirochetes are dual-membrane organisms with both an inner and outer membrane. Although the outer membrane contains integral membrane proteins, few of the borrelial ou...

    Authors: Melisha R. Kenedy, Edgar J. Scott II, Binu Shrestha, Arvind Anand, Henna Iqbal, Justin D. Radolf, David W. Dyer and Darrin R. Akins

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:141

    Content type: Research article

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