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Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

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  1. Rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica) seeds as plant microbiome present both an opportunity and a challenge to colonizing bacterial community living in close association with plants. Nevertheless, the roles and acti...

    Authors: Denver I. Walitang, Kiyoon Kim, Munusamy Madhaiyan, Young Kee Kim, Yeongyeong Kang and Tongmin Sa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:209

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Breast milk is a rich nutrient with a temporally dynamic nature. In particular, numerous alterations in the nutritional, immunological and microbiological content occur during the transition from colostrum to ...

    Authors: Marco Toscano, Roberta De Grandi, Diego Giampietro Peroni, Enzo Grossi, Valentina Facchin, Pasquale Comberiati and Lorenzo Drago

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:205

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Outbreaks of infections caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria have been reported worldwide generally associated with medical procedures. Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense CRM0019 was obtained during an ...

    Authors: Giovanni Monteiro Ribeiro, Cristianne Kayoko Matsumoto, Fernando Real, Daniela Teixeira, Rafael Silva Duarte, Renato Arruda Mortara, Sylvia Cardoso Leão and Cristiane de Souza Carvalho-Wodarz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:195

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The complexity of the pathogenic mechanism underlying the host immune response to Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia (App) makes the use of preventive measures difficult, and a more global view of the host-pathogen i...

    Authors: Ping Li, Zhiwen Xu, Xiangang Sun, Yue Yin, Yi Fan, Jun Zhao, Xiyu Mao, Jianbo Huang, Fan Yang and Ling Zhu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:193

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Non-structural protein 1 (NS1) is a multifunctional protein and a crucial regulatory factor in the replication and pathogenesis of avian influenza virus (AIV). Studies have shown that NS1 can interact with a v...

    Authors: Yong Ma, Jiashan Sun, Linlin Gu, Hongmei Bao, Yuhui Zhao, Lin Shi, Wei Yao, Guobin Tian, Xiurong Wang and Hualan Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:191

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The bronchial epithelium serves as the first defendant line of host against respiratory inhaled pathogens, mainly through releasing chemokines (e.g. interleukin-8 (IL-8), interferon-induced protein 10 (IP-10) ...

    Authors: Jiaqiong Zou, Long Zhou, Chunlan Hu, Peng Jing, Xiaolan Guo, Sulan Liu, Yan Lei, Shangyu Yang, Jiankang Deng and Hong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:187

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Intracellular bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb), infects specifically macrophages as host cells. IRAK-M, a member of IRAK family, is a negative regulator in TLR signaling and specifically expresses in...

    Authors: Pei Shen, Quan Li, Jilei Ma, Maopeng Tian, Fei Hong, Xinjie Zhai, Jianrong Li, Hanju Huang and Chunwei Shi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:185

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Penicillium marneffei (P. marneffei) is a thermally dimorphic fungus pathogen that causes fatal infection. Alveolar macrophages are innate immune cells that have critical roles in prot...

    Authors: Xiaoying Dai, Congzheng Mao, Xiuwan Lan, Huan Chen, Meihua Li, Jing Bai, Jingmin Deng, Qiuli Liang, Jianquan Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong, Yi Liang, Jiangtao Fan, Honglin Luo and Zhiyi He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:177

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Probiotics are increasingly applied to prevent and treat a range of infectious, immune related and gastrointestinal diseases. Despite this, the mechanisms behind the putative effects of probiotics are poorly u...

    Authors: Martin Frederik Laursen, Rikke Pilmann Laursen, Anni Larnkjær, Kim F. Michaelsen, Martin Iain Bahl and Tine Rask Licht

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:175

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Bacterial blight of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is one of the most important crop diseases in the world. More insights into the mechanistic regulation of bacterial pathogenesis will help us...

    Authors: Chao Yu, Huamin Chen, Fang Tian, Fenghuan Yang and Chenyang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:171

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The World Health Organization has categorized plague as a re-emerging disease and the potential for Yersinia pestis to also be used as a bioweapon makes the identification of new drug targets against this pathoge...

    Authors: Nicola J. Senior, Kalesh Sasidharan, Richard J. Saint, Andrew E. Scott, Mitali Sarkar-Tyson, Philip M. Ireland, Helen L Bullifent, Z. Rong Yang, Karen Moore, Petra C. F. Oyston, Timothy P. Atkins, Helen S. Atkins, Orkun S. Soyer and Richard W. Titball

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:163

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a major cause of invasive disease especially in neonates. In GBS three structurally distinct pilus polymers have been identified as important virulence factors and promising vacc...

    Authors: Maddalena Lazzarin, Rong Mu, Monica Fabbrini, Claudia Ghezzo, C. Daniela Rinaudo, Kelly S. Doran and Immaculada Margarit

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:148

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The objective of this study was to better understand the effects of soluble factors from biofilm of single- and mixed-species Candida albicans (C. albicans) and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) ...

    Authors: Kassia de Carvalho Dias, Paula Aboud Barbugli, Fernanda de Patto, Virginia Barreto Lordello, Letícia de Aquino Penteado, Alexandra Ivo Medeiros and Carlos Eduardo Vergani

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:146

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The phytopathogenic Xanthomonas campestris pv.campestris is a gram-negative bacterium and the causal agent of black-rot disease of cruciferous crops. Many gram-negative bacteria possess a family of proteins, call...

    Authors: Lei Chen, Mingpeng Wang, Li Huang, Zhaojie Zhang, Fanghua Liu and Guangtao Lu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:142

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The work was undertaken to expand the tools available for researching Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp), the etiological agent of the tropical disease melioidosis. Melioidosis has the potential to pose a severe thre...

    Authors: Michael H. Norris, Md Siddiqur Rahman Khan, Herbert P. Schweizer and Apichai Tuanyok

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:132

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most common and costly infections in both hospitalized and ambulatory patients. Uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) represent the majority of UTI isolates and are a diverse g...

    Authors: Jason E. Michaud, Kwang Sik Kim, William Harty, Matthew Kasprenski and Ming-Hsien Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:127

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Brucellosis is a severe zoonotic disease worldwide. Detection and identification of Brucella species are essential to prevent or treat brucellosis in humans and animals. The outer membrane protein-31 (Omp31) is a...

    Authors: Jinfeng Li, Feihuan Hu, Shouyi Chen, Peifang Luo, Zuoping He, Wenjing Wang, Jean-Pierre Allain and Chengyao Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:115

    Content type: Research article

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  18. During infection of the urinary tract, uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are exposed to different environments, such as human urine and the intracellular environments of bladder epithelial cells. Each environ...

    Authors: Michelle Madelung, Tina Kronborg, Thomas Koed Doktor, Carsten Struve, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt and Jakob Møller-Jensen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:99

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Colonization of the body is an important step in Staphylococcus aureus infection. S. aureus colonizes skin and mucous membranes in humans and several animal species. One important ecological niche of S. aureus is...

    Authors: Anne-Merethe Hanssen, Bert Kindlund, Niels Christian Stenklev, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Silje Fismen, Renate Slind Olsen, Mona Johannessen and Johanna Ulrica Ericson Sollid

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:89

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Critical to the development of Salmonellosis in humans is the interaction of the bacterium with the epithelial lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Traditional scientific reasoning held type III secretion sys...

    Authors: Kevin Howe, Sanaz Salehi, R. Hartford Bailey, John P. Brooks, Robert Wills, Mark L. Lawrence and Attila Karsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:88

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Our previous research on the diversity of microbiota in the endotracheal tubes (ETTs) of neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit found that Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Streptococcus mitis (S. ...

    Authors: Chao Song, Hongdong Li, Yunhui Zhang and Jialin Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:82

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) may be the causative agent of part of those million cases of diarrhea illness reported worldwide every year and attributable to Shigella. That is because both enteropathogen...

    Authors: Laís Cristina da Silva, Ana Carolina de Mello Santos and Rosa Maria Silva

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:68

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Probiotic bacteria are known to modulate host immune responses against various pathogens. Recently, extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as potentially important mediators of host-pathogen interactions. I...

    Authors: Ming Li, Kiho Lee, Min Hsu, Gerard Nau, Eleftherios Mylonakis and Bharat Ramratnam

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:66

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of β-glucan on the expression of inflammatory mediators and metabolomic profile of oral cells [keratinocytes (OBA-9) and fibroblasts (HGF-1) in a dual-chamber ...

    Authors: Viviam de Oliveira Silva, Luciano José Pereira and Ramiro Mendonça Murata

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:53

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Anaplasma and Ehrlichia are emerging tick-borne pathogens that cause anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis in humans and other animals worldwide. Infections caused by these pathogens are deadl...

    Authors: Benson C. Iweriebor, Elia J. Mmbaga, Abiodun Adegborioye, Aboi Igwaran, Larry C. Obi and Anthony I. Okoh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:45

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Avian β-defensins (AvBD) possess broad-spectrum antimicrobial, LPS neutralizing and chemotactic properties. AvBD-12 is a chemoattractant for avian immune cells and mammalian dendritic cells (JAWSII) — a unique...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Chunye Zhang, Michael Z. Zhang and Shuping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:43

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Porphyromonas gingivalis is strongly associated with the development, progression, severity and recurrence of periodontitis. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) play an important ...

    Authors: Chunling Pan, Junchao Liu, Hongyan Wang, Jia Song, Lisi Tan and Haijiao Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:38

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Mob family proteins are conserved between animals, plants and fungi and are essential for the activation of NDR kinases that control crucial cellular processes like cytokinesis, proliferation and morphology.

    Authors: Johannes Schmidpeter, Marlis Dahl, Jörg Hofmann and Christian Koch

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:22

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In Kazakhstan, traditional artisanal cheeses have a long history and are widely consumed. The unique characteristics of local artisanal cheeses are almost completely preserved. However, their microbial communi...

    Authors: Jing Li, Yi Zheng, Haiyan Xu, Xiaoxia Xi, Qiangchuan Hou, Shuzhen Feng, Laga Wuri, Yanfei Bian, Zhongjie Yu, Lai-Yu Kwok, Zhihong Sun and Tiansong Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:13

    Content type: Researc article

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  30. Our previous study suggested that SEB exposure in pregnant rats could lead to the change of T cells subpopulation in both peripheral blood and thymus of the offspring rats. However, rarely is known about the i...

    Authors: Ping Zhou, Xin-sheng Zhang, Zhi-ben Xu, Shu-xian Gao, Qing-wei Zheng, Ming-zhu Xu, Lin Shen, Feng Yu and Jun-chang Guan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:1

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Environmental chlamydiae belonging to the Parachlamydiaceae are obligate intracellular bacteria that infect Acanthamoeba, a free-living amoeba, and are a risk for hospital-acquired pneumonia. However, whether amo...

    Authors: Tatsuya Fukumoto, Junji Matsuo, Torahiko Okubo, Shinji Nakamura, Kentaro Miyamoto, Kentaro Oka, Motomichi Takahashi, Kouji Akizawa, Hitoshi Shibuya, Chikara Shimizu and Hiroyuki Yamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:292

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The natural course of sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis varies between individuals. In addition to parasite and host effects, the vaginal microbiota might play a key role in the outc...

    Authors: Noa Ziklo, Wilhelmina M. Huston, Kuong Taing, Mohammad Katouli and Peter Timms

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:286

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) is the causative agent of melioidosis, a kind of tropical disease. Burkholderia thailandensis (Bt), with a high sequence similarity to Bp, is thought to ...

    Authors: Yao Fang, Hai Chen, Yi Hu, Qian Li, Zhiqiang Hu, Tengfei Ma and Xuhu Mao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:283

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis is a common intracellular pathogen that infects patients with HIV/AIDS and cause lung infection in patients with underlying lung pathology. M.avi...

    Authors: Jessica J. Chinison, Lia Danelishvili, Rashmi Gupta, Sasha J. Rose, Lmar M. Babrak and Luiz E. Bermudez

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:270

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To facilitate infection, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the bacterial blight pathogen of rice, needs to degrade hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generated by the host defense response via a mechanism that is mediat...

    Authors: Chao Yu, Nu Wang, Maosen Wu, Fang Tian, Huamin Chen, Fenghuan Yang, Xiaochen Yuan, Ching-Hong Yang and Chenyang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:269

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Access to potable water remains a major challenge particularly in resource-limited settings. Although the potential contaminants of water are varied, enteric pathogenic protozoa are known to cause waterborne d...

    Authors: Fuh Anold Nsoh, Buh Amos Wung, Julius Atashili, Pokam Thumamo Benjamin, Eba Marvlyn, Keumami Katte Ivo and Assob Jules Clément Nguedia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:268

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The better understanding of how intestinal microbiota interacts with fish health is one of the key to sustainable aquaculture development. The present experiment aimed at correlating active microbiota associat...

    Authors: François-Joël Gatesoupe, Christine Huelvan, Nicolas Le Bayon, Hervé Le Delliou, Lauriane Madec, Olivier Mouchel, Patrick Quazuguel, David Mazurais and José-Luis Zambonino-Infante

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:266

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is thought to induce oxidative stress. N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) is widely used in patients with chronic pulmonary diseases including tuberculosis du...

    Authors: Eduardo P. Amaral, Elisabete L. Conceição, Diego L. Costa, Michael S. Rocha, Jamocyr M. Marinho, Marcelo Cordeiro-Santos, Maria Regina D’Império-Lima, Theolis Barbosa, Alan Sher and Bruno B. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:251

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Biofilms are a highly structured consortia of microorganisms that adhere to a substrate and are encased within an extracellular matrix (ECM) that is produced by the organisms themselves. Aspergillus fumigatus is ...

    Authors: Alejandra Itzel González-Ramírez, Adrián Ramírez-Granillo, María Gabriela Medina-Canales, Aída Verónica Rodríguez-Tovar and María Angeles Martínez-Rivera

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:243

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Interleukin (IL)-8 is the key agent for initiating an inflammatory response to infection with Helicobacter pylori. Some strains of Lactobacillus spp. are known to colonize the stomach and suppress inflammation ca...

    Authors: Wimonrat Panpetch, Jennifer K. Spinler, James Versalovic and Somying Tumwasorn

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:242

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The present study was conducted to compare the differences in gut microbiota composition and gut-phenotypes among pig breeds, and determine whether these differences would transmit to mice colonized with fecal...

    Authors: H. Diao, H. L. Yan, Y. Xiao, B. Yu, J. Yu, J. He, P. Zheng, B.H. Zeng, H. Wei, X.B. Mao and D.W. Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:238

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2016 16:253

  42. Group A Streptococcus (GAS; Streptococcus pyogenes) causes a range of mild to severe infections in humans. It can also colonize healthy persons asymptomatically. Therefore, it is important to study GAS carriage i...

    Authors: Tejaswini Kulkarni, Chihiro Aikawa, Takashi Nozawa, Kazunori Murase, Fumito Maruyama and Ichiro Nakagawa

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:237

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Although interest in animal pathogenic oomycetes is increasing, the molecular basis mediating oomycete-animal relationships remains virtually unknown. Crinkler (CRN) genes, which have been traditionally associ...

    Authors: Isabel E. Olivera, Katrina C. Fins, Sara A. Rodriguez, Sumayyah K. Abiff, Jaime L. Tartar and Aurélien Tartar

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2016 16:232

    Content type: Research article

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