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Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

Page 1 of 9

  1. Oral microbiota is not only important for maintaining oral health but also plays a role in various oral diseases. However, studies regarding microbiome changes in oral lichen planus (OLP) are very limited. To ...

    Authors: Fei Yan Yu, Qian Qian Wang, Miao Li, Ya-Hsin Cheng, Yi-Shing Lisa Cheng, Yu Zhou, Xi Yang, Fang Zhang, Xuejun Ge, Bin Zhao and Xiu Yun Ren

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:75

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Plant viruses move through plasmodesmata (PD) to infect new cells. To overcome the PD barrier, plant viruses have developed specific protein(s) to guide their genomic RNAs or DNAs to path through the PD.

    Authors: Sangsang Li, Xianyan Su, Xiangwen Luo, Yu Zhang, Deyong Zhang, Jiao Du, Zhanhong Zhang, Xian OuYang, Songbai Zhang and Yong Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:72

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Vibrio vulnificus hemolysin (VVH) is a pore-forming toxin secreted by Vibrio vulnificus. Cellular cholesterol was believed to be the receptor for VVH, because cholesterol could bind to VVH and preincubation with ...

    Authors: Takashige Kashimoto, Hiroyuki Sugiyama, Keigo Kawamidori, Kohei Yamazaki, Takehiro Kado, Kaho Matsuda, Toshio Kodama, Takao Mukai and Shunji Ueno

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The mammal intestinal microbiota is involved in various physiological processes and plays a key role in host environment adaption. However, for non-human primates (NHPs), little is known about their gut microb...

    Authors: Yuhan Wu, Yongfang Yao, Mengmeng Dong, Tianrui Xia, Diyan Li, Meng Xie, Jiayun Wu, Anxiang Wen, Qin Wang, Guangxiang Zhu, Qingyong Ni, Mingwang Zhang and Huailiang Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  5. It has recently been reported that intermittent fasting shapes the gut microbiota to benefit health, but this effect may be influenced to the exact fasting protocols. The purpose of this study was to assess th...

    Authors: Linghao Li, Yuxin Su, Fanglin Li, Yueying Wang, Zhongren Ma, Zhuo Li and Junhong Su

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:65

    Content type: Research article

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  6. V. parahaemolyticus is autochthonous to the marine environment and causes seafood-borne gastroenteritis in humans. Generally, V. parahaemolyticus recovered from the environment and/or seafood is thought to be non...

    Authors: Divya Meparambu Prabhakaran, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy and Sabu Thomas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The health of honeybee colonies is critical for bee products and agricultural production, and colony health is closely associated with the bacteria in the guts of honeybees. Although colony loss in winter is n...

    Authors: Hongfang Wang, Chunlei Liu, Zhenguo Liu, Ying Wang, Lanting Ma and Baohua Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The potato tuber moth (PTM), Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller), is a worldwide pest that feeds on both the leaves and tubers of potato plants. PTM larvae can digest leaves, or tubers, resulting in serious damage t...

    Authors: Yaqiang Zheng, Guanli Xiao, Wenwu Zhou, Yulin Gao, Zhengyue Li, Guangzu Du and Bin Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Early introduction of complementary foods has been associated with various immune disorders, oxidative stress, and obesity in childhood. The gut microbiota and the short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) they produce ...

    Authors: Moira K. Differding, Sara E. Benjamin-Neelon, Cathrine Hoyo, Truls Østbye and Noel T. Mueller

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Major latex proteins (MLPs) belong to the MLP subfamily in Bet v 1 protein family and respond to both biotic and abiotic stresses, which play critical roles in plant disease resistance. As the type species of ...

    Authors: Liyun Song, Jie Wang, Haiyan Jia, Ali Kamran, Yuanxia Qin, Yingjie Liu, Kaiqiang Hao, Fei Han, Chaoqun Zhang, Bin Li, Yongliang Li, Lili Shen, Fenglong Wang, Yuanhua Wu and Jinguang Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola has become a serious threat to rice production as a result of the cultivation changes from transplanting to direct seeding. The nematicidal activity of Aspergillus w...

    Authors: Chao Xiang, Ying Liu, Shi-Ming Liu, Ya-Fei Huang, Ling-An Kong, Huan Peng, Mao-Yan Liu, Jing Liu, De-Liang Peng and Wen-Kun Huang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is well-known for its role in chronic gastritis and gastric cancer. Eradication of these carcinogenic bacteria from the gut is one of the challenges for clinicians. The complexity ...

    Authors: Dharmendra Kashyap, Budhadev Baral, Tarun Prakash Verma, Charu Sonkar, Debi Chatterji, Ajay Kumar Jain and Hem C. Jha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the prevailing causes of cancer mortality in the world. A common screening test for CRC is based on the human hemoglobin immunochemical based fecal occult blood test (iFOBT), ...

    Authors: Thierry Chénard, Mandy Malick, Jean Dubé and Eric Massé

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Microbiota from different niches within the canine oral cavity were profiled and compared. Supragingival plaque and stimulated saliva, were collected alongside samples from the buccal and tongue dorsum mucosa,...

    Authors: Avika Ruparell, Taichi Inui, Ruth Staunton, Corrin Wallis, Oliver Deusch and Lucy J. Holcombe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  15. ClpP is important for bacterial growth and plays an indispensable role in cellular protein quality control systems by refolding or degrading damaged proteins, but the physiological significance of ClpP in Enteroc...

    Authors: Jinxin Zheng, Yang Wu, Zhiwei Lin, Guangfu Wang, Sibo Jiang, Xiang Sun, Haopeng Tu, Zhijian Yu and Di Qu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Clostridioides difficile infections have become more frequently diagnosed and associated with greater disease severity, which has resulted in an increase burden on the healthcare system. These increases are attri...

    Authors: John C. Vitucci, Mark Pulse, Leslie Tabor-Simecka and Jerry Simecka

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Staphylococcus aureus is a human pathogen that is a common cause of nosocomial infections and infections on indwelling medical devices, mainly due to its ability to shift between the planktonic and the biofilm/se...

    Authors: Aizat Iman Abdul Hamid, Laurence Nakusi, Mickael Givskov, Young-Tae Chang, Claire Marquès and Pascale Gueirard

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Methodology article

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  18. We identified a HIV-positive cohort in virologic failure (VF) who re-suppressed without drug switch. We characterized their drug resistance mutations (DRM) and adherence profiles to learn how to better manage ...

    Authors: Chika K. Onwuamah, Jonathan Okpokwu, Rosemary Audu, Godwin Imade, Seema T. Meloni, Azuka Okwuraiwe, Philippe Chebu, Adesola Z. Musa, Beth Chaplin, Ibrahim Dalhatu, Oche Agbaji, Jay Samuels, Oliver Ezechi, Mukhtar Ahmed, Georgina Odaibo, David O. Olaleye…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The polysaccharide capsule is a major virulence factor of S. pneumoniae in diseases such as meningitis. While some capsular serotypes are more often found in invasive disease, high case fatality rates are associa...

    Authors: Annelies Müller, Anke Salmen, Suzanne Aebi, Linda de Gouveia, Anne von Gottberg and Lucy J. Hathaway

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Francisella noatunensis subsp. orientalis (Fno) is the etiological agent of francisellosis in cultured warm water fish, such as tilapia. Antibiotics are administered to treat the disease but a better understandin...

    Authors: Winarti Achmad Sarmin Djainal, Khalid Shahin, Matthijs Metselaar, Alexandra Adams and Andrew P. Desbois

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Harpins are proteins secreted by the type III secretion system of Gram-negative bacteria during pathogen–plant interactions that can act as elicitors, stimulating defense and plant growth in many types of non-...

    Authors: Yue Liu, Xiaoyun Zhou, Wenbo Liu, Jiamin Huang, Qinghuan Liu, Jianzhang Sun, Xinfeng Cai and Weiguo Miao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Scrub typhus causes up to 35% mortality if left untreated. One billion people living in the endemic regions are at risk. In spite of its heavy disease burden in some of the most populated areas in the world, t...

    Authors: Chien-Chung Chao, Ruoting Yang, Zhiwen Zhang, Tatyana Belinskaya, Chye-Teik Chan, Stacy-Ann Miller, Rasha Hammamieh, Marti Jett and Wei-Mei Ching

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Many phytophagous insects, whose diet is generally nitrogen-poor, rely on gut bacteria to compensate for nutritional deficits. Accordingly, we hypothesized that insects in desert environments may evolve associ...

    Authors: Fengqun Meng, Nitsan Bar-Shmuel, Reut Shavit, Adi Behar and Michal Segoli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:311

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Gut microbiota has been increasingly acknowledged to shape significantly human health, contributing to various autoimmune diseases, both intestinal and non-intestinal, including multiple sclerosis (MS). Gut mi...

    Authors: Madina Kozhieva, Natalia Naumova, Tatiana Alikina, Alexey Boyko, Valentin Vlassov and Marsel R. Kabilov

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Since animals frequently encounter a variety of harmful fungi in nature, their ability to develop sophisticated anti-fungal strategies allows them to flourish across the globe. Extensive studies have highlight...

    Authors: Wanzhen Su, Jialin Liu, Peng Bai, Baocang Ma and Wei Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:302

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Acinetobacter baumannii is an important opportunistic pathogen responsible for various nosocomial infections. The BfmRS two-component system plays a role in pathogenesis and antimicrobial resistance of A. baumann...

    Authors: Se Yeon Kim, Mi Hyun Kim, Seung Il Kim, Joo Hee Son, Shukho Kim, Yoo Chul Lee, Minsang Shin, Man Hwan Oh and Je Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:301

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The neonatal meningitis E. coli (NMEC) strain S88 carries a ColV plasmid named pS88 which is involved in meningeal virulence. Transcriptional analysis of pS88 in human serum revealed a strong upregulation of an O...

    Authors: Mathieu Genuini, Philippe Bidet, Jean-François Benoist, Dimitri Schlemmer, Chloé Lemaitre, André Birgy and Stéphane Bonacorsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:298

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baeri Brandt) and Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) are two important commercial fish in China, and the feeding habits of them are very different. Diets and feeding habits are two significa...

    Authors: Guanling Xu, Wei Xing, Tieliang Li, Min Xue, Zhihong Ma, Na Jiang and Lin Luo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:297

    Content type: Research article

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  29. MCC/eisosomes are membrane microdomains that have been proposed to participate in the plasma membrane function in particular by regulating the homeostasis of lipids, promoting the recruitment of specific prote...

    Authors: Justine Colou, Guillaume Quang N’Guyen, Ophélie Dubreu, Kévin Fontaine, Anthony Kwasiborski, Franck Bastide, Florence Manero, Bruno Hamon, Sophie Aligon, Philippe Simoneau and Thomas Guillemette

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:295

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Childhood malnutrition is a global health challenge associated with multiple adverse consequences, including delayed maturation of the gut microbiota (GM) which might induce long-term immune dysfunction and st...

    Authors: Bingfeng Leng, Maria B. Sørensen, Witold Kot, Thomas Thymann, Lukasz Krych and Dennis S. Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:277

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Moraxella catarrhalis is a leading cause of otitis media (OM) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). M. catarrhalis contains a Type III DNA adenine methyltransferase (ModM) that is phase-variably expre...

    Authors: Luke V. Blakeway, Aimee Tan, Joseph A. Jurcisek, Lauren O. Bakaletz, John M. Atack, Ian R. Peak and Kate L. Seib

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:276

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Gut microbes can contribute to their hosts in food digestion, nutrient absorption, and inhibiting the growth of pathogens. However, only limited studies have focused on the gut microbiota of freshwater snails. Po...

    Authors: Lan-Hua Li, Shan Lv, Yan Lu, Ding-Qi Bi, Yun-Hai Guo, Jia-Tong Wu, Zhi-Yuan Yue, Guang-Yao Mao, Zhong-Xin Guo, Yi Zhang and Yun-Feng Tang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:273

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cardinium is an intracellular bacterial symbiont in the phylum Bacteroidetes that is found in many different species of arthropods and some nematodes. This symbiont is known to be able to induce three reproductiv...

    Authors: Corinne M. Stouthamer, Suzanne E. Kelly, Evelyne Mann, Stephan Schmitz-Esser and Martha S. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:266

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Oomycetes are pathogens of mammals, fish, insects and plants, and the potato late blight agent Phytophthora infestans and the oil palm and cocoa infecting pathogen Phytophthora palmivora cause economically impact...

    Authors: Edouard Evangelisti, Temur Yunusov, Liron Shenhav and Sebastian Schornack

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:265

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Investigating the factors that influence Acinetobacter baumannii(Ab) adhesion/invasion of host cells is important to understand its pathogenicity. Metal cations have been shown to play an important role in regula...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Tingjun Shao, Sanhua Fang, Ping Pan, Jiahui Jiang, Tongtong Cheng, Haitong Wan and Daojun Yu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:264

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Quantification of intracellular bacteria is fundamental in many areas of cellular and clinical microbiology to study acute and chronic infections. Therefore, rapid, accurate and low-cost methods represent valu...

    Authors: Meysam Sarshar, Daniela Scribano, Giulia Tranquilli, Marisa Di Pietro, Simone Filardo, Carlo Zagaglia, Rosa Sessa, Anna Teresa Palamara and Cecilia Ambrosi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:252

    Content type: Methodology article

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  37. This study aimed to evaluate the safety of raw vegetable products present on the German market regarding toxin-producing Bacillus cereus sensu lato (s.l.) group bacteria.

    Authors: Gregor Fiedler, Carmen Schneider, Etinosa O. Igbinosa, Jan Kabisch, Erik Brinks, Biserka Becker, Dominic A. Stoll, Gyu-Sung Cho, Melanie Huch and Charles M. A. P. Franz

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:250

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To explore the inhibition mechanism of Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii) on ulcerative colitis (UC) carcinogenesis.

    Authors: Chunsaier Wang, Wenbin Li, Hongying Wang, Yiming Ma, Xinhua Zhao, Xudong Zhang, Hong Yang, Jiaming Qian and Jingnan Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:246

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Cryptococcus neoformans, a basidiomycetous yeast, is a fungal pathogen that can colonize the lungs of humans causing pneumonia and fungal meningitis in severely immunocompromised individuals. Recent studies have ...

    Authors: Nadir Hani Dbouk, Madison Bailey Covington, Kenny Nguyen and Srikripa Chandrasekaran

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The gut microbiota composition is known to be influenced by a myriad of factors including the host genetic profile and a number of environmental influences. Here, we focus on the environmental influence of coh...

    Authors: Casey T. Finnicum, Jeffrey J. Beck, Conor V. Dolan, Christel Davis, Gonneke Willemsen, Erik A. Ehli, Dorret I. Boomsma, Gareth E. Davies and Eco J. C. de Geus

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with high rates of mortality. Prolonged treatments with high-dose intravenous antibiotics often fail to eradicate the infection, frequently leading to high-risk surgic...

    Authors: Enea Gino Di Domenico, Sara Giordana Rimoldi, Ilaria Cavallo, Giovanna D’Agosto, Elisabetta Trento, Giovanni Cagnoni, Alessandro Palazzin, Cristina Pagani, Francesca Romeri, Elena De Vecchi, Monica Schiavini, Daniela Secchi, Carlo Antona, Giuliano Rizzardini, Rita Barbara Dichirico, Luigi Toma…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:228

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Caulerpa lentillifera is one of the most important economic green macroalgae in the world. Increasing demand for consumption has led to the commercial cultivation of C. lentillifera in Japan and Vietnam in recent...

    Authors: Zhourui Liang, Fuli Liu, Wenjun Wang, Pengyan Zhang, Xiutao Sun, Feijiu Wang and Heather Kell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:225

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Characterization of the skin and wound microbiome is of high biomedical interest, but is hampered by the low biomass of typical samples. While sample preparation from other microbiomes (e.g., gut) has been the...

    Authors: Samuel Verbanic, Colin Y. Kim, John M. Deacon and Irene A. Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:214

    Content type: Methodology article

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  44. Ustilago esculenta, a typical dimorphic fungus could infect Zizania latifolia and induce host stem swollen to form an edible vegetable called Jiaobai in China. The strains differentiation especially in the mating...

    Authors: Yafen Zhang, Min Wu, Qianwen Ge, Mengfei Yang, Wenqiang Xia, Haifeng Cui, Xiaoping Yu, Shangfa Zhang and Zihong Ye

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Little is known about how bacterial endosymbionts colonize host tissues. Because many insect endosymbionts are maternally transmitted, egg colonization is critical for endosymbiont success. Wolbachia bacteria, ca...

    Authors: Steen Christensen, Moises Camacho, Zinat Sharmin, A. J. M. Zehadee Momtaz, Laura Perez, Giselle Navarro, Jairo Triana, Hani Samarah, Michael Turelli and Laura R. Serbus

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:206

    Content type: Methodology article

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  46. Lactobacilli are gatekeepers of vaginal ecosystem impeding growth of pathogenic microbes and their diversity varies across populations worldwide. The present study investigated diversity of human vaginal micro...

    Authors: Sumi Das Purkayastha, Mrinal Kanti Bhattacharya, Himanshu Kishore Prasad, Hrishikesh Upadhyaya, Suparna Das Lala, Kunal Pal, Meenakshi Das, Gauri Dutt Sharma and Maloyjo Joyraj Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:198

    Content type: Research article

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  47. More than half of the adult population worldwide is overweight or obese, while excess adiposity has been linked to chronic low-grade inflammation, contributing to the development of chronic diseases. Recent st...

    Authors: Su Jeong Kim, Sung-Eun Kim, A-Reum Kim, Saemyi Kang, Mi-Young Park and Mi-Kyung Sung

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Gut microbiota has been suggested to play a role in stroke patients. Nevertheless, little is known about gut microbiota and the clinical indexes in stroke patients.

    Authors: Na Li, Xingcui Wang, Congcong Sun, Xinwei Wu, Mei Lu, Youfeng Si, Xiang Ye, Tan Wang, Xiaolin Yu, Xinjing Zhao, Na Wei and Xingbang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:191

    Content type: Research article

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