Skip to main content

Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

Page 1 of 10

  1. Microbiome of macroorganisms might directly or indirectly influence host development and homeostasis. Many studies focused on the diversity and distribution of prokaryotes within these assemblages, but the euk...

    Authors: Camille Clerissi, Laure Guillou, Jean-Michel Escoubas and Eve Toulza

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:193

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  2. The bacterial community present in the abdomen in Anophelinae mosquitoes can influence mosquito susceptibility to Plasmodium infection. Little is known about the bacteria associated with Nyssorhynchus darlingi, a...

    Authors: Tatiane Marques Porangaba Oliveira, Sabri Saeed Sanabani and Maria Anice Mureb Sallum

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:180

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Crohn’s disease (CD) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the human intestine. Several studies have demonstrated that the intestinal mucosa of CD patients in Western countries is abnormally colonized by...

    Authors: Rafaella F. A. Costa, Maria L. A. Ferrari, Marie-Agnès Bringer, Arlette Darfeuille-Michaud, Flaviano S. Martins and Nicolas Barnich

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Dimorphism and biofilm formation are important virulence factors of some opportunistic human pathogenic yeasts. Such species commensally colonize skin or mucosal surfaces generally in yeast form, but under par...

    Authors: Bettina Szerencsés, Nóra Igaz, Ákos Tóbiás, Zsombor Prucsi, Andrea Rónavári, Péter Bélteky, Dániel Madarász, Csaba Papp, Ildikó Makra, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Zoltán Kónya, Ilona Pfeiffer and Mónika Kiricsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging nosocomial pathogen that causes infection in immunocompromised patients. S. maltophilia isolates are genetically diverse, contain diverse virulence factors, and are var...

    Authors: Leah J. Radeke and Michael A. Herman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Vertebrate glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is an evolutionary-conserved cortisol-regulated nuclear receptor that controls key metabolic and developmental pathways. Upon binding to cortisol, GR acts as an immunosu...

    Authors: Gloria Bartolo, Leandra O. Gonzalez, Saleem Alameh, C. Alexander Valencia and Mikhail Martchenko Shilman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Interaction of C. albicans with oral bacteria is crucial for its persistence, but also plays a potential role in the infection process. In the oral cavity, it grows as part of dental plaque biofilms. Even though ...

    Authors: Radhika G. Bhardwaj, Arjuna Ellepolla, Hana Drobiova and Maribasappa Karched

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is an important infectious disease pathogen that can survive and replicate in macrophages. Glycolysis is essential for immune responses against S. Typhimur...

    Authors: Chuan Yu, Fuyu Du, Chunjie Zhang, Yinju Li, Chengshui Liao, Lei He, Xiangchao Cheng and Xiaojie Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Fungi constitute an important yet frequently neglected component of the human microbiota with a possible role in health and disease. Fungi and bacteria colonise the infant gastrointestinal tract in parallel, y...

    Authors: Shirin Moossavi, Kelsey Fehr, Hooman Derakhshani, Hind Sbihi, Bianca Robertson, Lars Bode, Jeffrey Brook, Stuart E. Turvey, Theo J. Moraes, Allan B. Becker, Piushkumar J. Mandhane, Malcolm R. Sears, Ehsan Khafipour, Padmaja Subbarao and Meghan B. Azad

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. In previous studies, we have shown that atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (aEPEC) strains are important diarrheal pathogens among Brazilian children. In the characterization of a collection of 126 aEPEC ...

    Authors: Scarlat S. Silva, Mariane V. Monfardini and Isabel C. A. Scaletsky

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main causative agents of mastitis in small ruminants. Antimicrobial use is the major treatment, but there are many flaws linked to resistance, tolerance or persistence. This st...

    Authors: Magna Coroa Lima, Mariana de Barros, Thalita Moreira Scatamburlo, Richard Costa Polveiro, Laís Karolyne de Castro, Samuel Henrique Sales Guimarães, Sanely Lourenço da Costa, Mateus Matiuzzi da Costa and Maria Aparecida Scatamburlo Moreira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Changes in the enteric microbiota have been suggested to contribute to gastrointestinal diseases, including irritable bowel syndrome. Most of the published work is on bacterial dysbiosis with meager data on th...

    Authors: Mina Hojat Ansari, Mehregan Ebrahimi, Mohammad Reza Fattahi, Michael G. Gardner, Ali Reza Safarpour, Mohammad Ali Faghihi and Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:123

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) is a global opportunistic intracellular pathogen that can cause many infections, including meningitis and abortion in humans and animals; thus, L. monocytogenes poses a g...

    Authors: Gen Li, Guizhen Wang, Meng Li, Li Li, Hongtao Liu, Meiyang Sun and Zhongmei Wen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:112

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. The ternary cropping system of Gastradia elata depends on a symbiotic relationship with the mycorrhizal fungi Armillaria mellea, which decays wood to assimilate nutrition for the growth of G. elata. The compositi...

    Authors: Qing-Song Yuan, Jiao Xu, Weike Jiang, Xiaohong Ou, Hui Wang, Lanping Guo, Chenghong Xiao, Yanhong Wang, Xiao Wang, Chuanzhi Kang and Tao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. To investigate the effect of transabdominal hysterectomy on the diversity of the intestinal flora in patients with uterine fibroids. Patients with uterine fibroids were selected from September 2018 to December...

    Authors: Wantong Wang, Yibing Li, Qijun Wu, Xin Pan, Xinhui He and Xiaoxin Ma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:98

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Neisseria meningitidis serogroups W and Y are the most common serogroups causing invasive meningococcal disease in Sweden. The majority of cases are caused by the serogroup W UK 2013 strain of clonal complex (cc)...

    Authors: Lorraine Eriksson, Bianca Stenmark, Ala-Eddine Deghmane, Sara Thulin Hedberg, Olof Säll, Hans Fredlund, Paula Mölling and Muhamed-Kheir Taha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:92

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Bacterial blight of cotton (BBC), which is caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas citri pv. malvacearum (Xcm), is a destructive disease in cotton. Transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs), encoded by tal-genes...

    Authors: Fazal Haq, Shiwang Xie, Kunxuan Huang, Syed Mashab Ali Shah, Wenxiu Ma, Lulu Cai, Xiameng Xu, Zhengyin Xu, Sai Wang, Lifang Zou, Bo Zhu and Gongyou Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:91

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Literature about the lung microbiota (LM) in dogs is sparse. Influence of breed and living conditions on the LM in healthy dogs is currently unknown, as well as the influence of chronic respiratory diseases su...

    Authors: Aline Fastrès, Elodie Roels, Emilie Vangrinsven, Bernard Taminiau, Hiba Jabri, Géraldine Bolen, Anne-Christine Merveille, Alexandru-Cosmin Tutunaru, Evelyne Moyse, Georges Daube and Cécile Clercx

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Oral microbiota is not only important for maintaining oral health but also plays a role in various oral diseases. However, studies regarding microbiome changes in oral lichen planus (OLP) are very limited. To ...

    Authors: Fei Yan Yu, Qian Qian Wang, Miao Li, Ya-Hsin Cheng, Yi-Shing Lisa Cheng, Yu Zhou, Xi Yang, Fang Zhang, Xuejun Ge, Bin Zhao and Xiu Yun Ren

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:75

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Plant viruses move through plasmodesmata (PD) to infect new cells. To overcome the PD barrier, plant viruses have developed specific protein(s) to guide their genomic RNAs or DNAs to path through the PD.

    Authors: Sangsang Li, Xianyan Su, Xiangwen Luo, Yu Zhang, Deyong Zhang, Jiao Du, Zhanhong Zhang, Xian OuYang, Songbai Zhang and Yong Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:72

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Vibrio vulnificus hemolysin (VVH) is a pore-forming toxin secreted by Vibrio vulnificus. Cellular cholesterol was believed to be the receptor for VVH, because cholesterol could bind to VVH and preincubation with ...

    Authors: Takashige Kashimoto, Hiroyuki Sugiyama, Keigo Kawamidori, Kohei Yamazaki, Takehiro Kado, Kaho Matsuda, Toshio Kodama, Takao Mukai and Shunji Ueno

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. The mammal intestinal microbiota is involved in various physiological processes and plays a key role in host environment adaption. However, for non-human primates (NHPs), little is known about their gut microb...

    Authors: Yuhan Wu, Yongfang Yao, Mengmeng Dong, Tianrui Xia, Diyan Li, Meng Xie, Jiayun Wu, Anxiang Wen, Qin Wang, Guangxiang Zhu, Qingyong Ni, Mingwang Zhang and Huailiang Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. It has recently been reported that intermittent fasting shapes the gut microbiota to benefit health, but this effect may be influenced to the exact fasting protocols. The purpose of this study was to assess th...

    Authors: Linghao Li, Yuxin Su, Fanglin Li, Yueying Wang, Zhongren Ma, Zhuo Li and Junhong Su

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:65

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. V. parahaemolyticus is autochthonous to the marine environment and causes seafood-borne gastroenteritis in humans. Generally, V. parahaemolyticus recovered from the environment and/or seafood is thought to be non...

    Authors: Divya Meparambu Prabhakaran, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy and Sabu Thomas

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The health of honeybee colonies is critical for bee products and agricultural production, and colony health is closely associated with the bacteria in the guts of honeybees. Although colony loss in winter is n...

    Authors: Hongfang Wang, Chunlei Liu, Zhenguo Liu, Ying Wang, Lanting Ma and Baohua Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The potato tuber moth (PTM), Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller), is a worldwide pest that feeds on both the leaves and tubers of potato plants. PTM larvae can digest leaves, or tubers, resulting in serious damage t...

    Authors: Yaqiang Zheng, Guanli Xiao, Wenwu Zhou, Yulin Gao, Zhengyue Li, Guangzu Du and Bin Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Early introduction of complementary foods has been associated with various immune disorders, oxidative stress, and obesity in childhood. The gut microbiota and the short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) they produce ...

    Authors: Moira K. Differding, Sara E. Benjamin-Neelon, Cathrine Hoyo, Truls Østbye and Noel T. Mueller

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Major latex proteins (MLPs) belong to the MLP subfamily in Bet v 1 protein family and respond to both biotic and abiotic stresses, which play critical roles in plant disease resistance. As the type species of ...

    Authors: Liyun Song, Jie Wang, Haiyan Jia, Ali Kamran, Yuanxia Qin, Yingjie Liu, Kaiqiang Hao, Fei Han, Chaoqun Zhang, Bin Li, Yongliang Li, Lili Shen, Fenglong Wang, Yuanhua Wu and Jinguang Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola has become a serious threat to rice production as a result of the cultivation changes from transplanting to direct seeding. The nematicidal activity of Aspergillus w...

    Authors: Chao Xiang, Ying Liu, Shi-Ming Liu, Ya-Fei Huang, Ling-An Kong, Huan Peng, Mao-Yan Liu, Jing Liu, De-Liang Peng and Wen-Kun Huang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is well-known for its role in chronic gastritis and gastric cancer. Eradication of these carcinogenic bacteria from the gut is one of the challenges for clinicians. The complexity ...

    Authors: Dharmendra Kashyap, Budhadev Baral, Tarun Prakash Verma, Charu Sonkar, Debi Chatterji, Ajay Kumar Jain and Hem C. Jha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the prevailing causes of cancer mortality in the world. A common screening test for CRC is based on the human hemoglobin immunochemical based fecal occult blood test (iFOBT), ...

    Authors: Thierry Chénard, Mandy Malick, Jean Dubé and Eric Massé

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Microbiota from different niches within the canine oral cavity were profiled and compared. Supragingival plaque and stimulated saliva, were collected alongside samples from the buccal and tongue dorsum mucosa,...

    Authors: Avika Ruparell, Taichi Inui, Ruth Staunton, Corrin Wallis, Oliver Deusch and Lucy J. Holcombe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. ClpP is important for bacterial growth and plays an indispensable role in cellular protein quality control systems by refolding or degrading damaged proteins, but the physiological significance of ClpP in Enteroc...

    Authors: Jinxin Zheng, Yang Wu, Zhiwei Lin, Guangfu Wang, Sibo Jiang, Xiang Sun, Haopeng Tu, Zhijian Yu and Di Qu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Clostridioides difficile infections have become more frequently diagnosed and associated with greater disease severity, which has resulted in an increase burden on the healthcare system. These increases are attri...

    Authors: John C. Vitucci, Mark Pulse, Leslie Tabor-Simecka and Jerry Simecka

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Staphylococcus aureus is a human pathogen that is a common cause of nosocomial infections and infections on indwelling medical devices, mainly due to its ability to shift between the planktonic and the biofilm/se...

    Authors: Aizat Iman Abdul Hamid, Laurence Nakusi, Mickael Givskov, Young-Tae Chang, Claire Marquès and Pascale Gueirard

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  36. We identified a HIV-positive cohort in virologic failure (VF) who re-suppressed without drug switch. We characterized their drug resistance mutations (DRM) and adherence profiles to learn how to better manage ...

    Authors: Chika K. Onwuamah, Jonathan Okpokwu, Rosemary Audu, Godwin Imade, Seema T. Meloni, Azuka Okwuraiwe, Philippe Chebu, Adesola Z. Musa, Beth Chaplin, Ibrahim Dalhatu, Oche Agbaji, Jay Samuels, Oliver Ezechi, Mukhtar Ahmed, Georgina Odaibo, David O. Olaleye…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The polysaccharide capsule is a major virulence factor of S. pneumoniae in diseases such as meningitis. While some capsular serotypes are more often found in invasive disease, high case fatality rates are associa...

    Authors: Annelies Müller, Anke Salmen, Suzanne Aebi, Linda de Gouveia, Anne von Gottberg and Lucy J. Hathaway

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Francisella noatunensis subsp. orientalis (Fno) is the etiological agent of francisellosis in cultured warm water fish, such as tilapia. Antibiotics are administered to treat the disease but a better understandin...

    Authors: Winarti Achmad Sarmin Djainal, Khalid Shahin, Matthijs Metselaar, Alexandra Adams and Andrew P. Desbois

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Harpins are proteins secreted by the type III secretion system of Gram-negative bacteria during pathogen–plant interactions that can act as elicitors, stimulating defense and plant growth in many types of non-...

    Authors: Yue Liu, Xiaoyun Zhou, Wenbo Liu, Jiamin Huang, Qinghuan Liu, Jianzhang Sun, Xinfeng Cai and Weiguo Miao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Scrub typhus causes up to 35% mortality if left untreated. One billion people living in the endemic regions are at risk. In spite of its heavy disease burden in some of the most populated areas in the world, t...

    Authors: Chien-Chung Chao, Ruoting Yang, Zhiwen Zhang, Tatyana Belinskaya, Chye-Teik Chan, Stacy-Ann Miller, Rasha Hammamieh, Marti Jett and Wei-Mei Ching

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Many phytophagous insects, whose diet is generally nitrogen-poor, rely on gut bacteria to compensate for nutritional deficits. Accordingly, we hypothesized that insects in desert environments may evolve associ...

    Authors: Fengqun Meng, Nitsan Bar-Shmuel, Reut Shavit, Adi Behar and Michal Segoli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:311

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Gut microbiota has been increasingly acknowledged to shape significantly human health, contributing to various autoimmune diseases, both intestinal and non-intestinal, including multiple sclerosis (MS). Gut mi...

    Authors: Madina Kozhieva, Natalia Naumova, Tatiana Alikina, Alexey Boyko, Valentin Vlassov and Marsel R. Kabilov

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Since animals frequently encounter a variety of harmful fungi in nature, their ability to develop sophisticated anti-fungal strategies allows them to flourish across the globe. Extensive studies have highlight...

    Authors: Wanzhen Su, Jialin Liu, Peng Bai, Baocang Ma and Wei Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:302

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Acinetobacter baumannii is an important opportunistic pathogen responsible for various nosocomial infections. The BfmRS two-component system plays a role in pathogenesis and antimicrobial resistance of A. baumann...

    Authors: Se Yeon Kim, Mi Hyun Kim, Seung Il Kim, Joo Hee Son, Shukho Kim, Yoo Chul Lee, Minsang Shin, Man Hwan Oh and Je Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:301

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The neonatal meningitis E. coli (NMEC) strain S88 carries a ColV plasmid named pS88 which is involved in meningeal virulence. Transcriptional analysis of pS88 in human serum revealed a strong upregulation of an O...

    Authors: Mathieu Genuini, Philippe Bidet, Jean-François Benoist, Dimitri Schlemmer, Chloé Lemaitre, André Birgy and Stéphane Bonacorsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:298

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baeri Brandt) and Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) are two important commercial fish in China, and the feeding habits of them are very different. Diets and feeding habits are two significa...

    Authors: Guanling Xu, Wei Xing, Tieliang Li, Min Xue, Zhihong Ma, Na Jiang and Lin Luo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:297

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. MCC/eisosomes are membrane microdomains that have been proposed to participate in the plasma membrane function in particular by regulating the homeostasis of lipids, promoting the recruitment of specific prote...

    Authors: Justine Colou, Guillaume Quang N’Guyen, Ophélie Dubreu, Kévin Fontaine, Anthony Kwasiborski, Franck Bastide, Florence Manero, Bruno Hamon, Sophie Aligon, Philippe Simoneau and Thomas Guillemette

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:295

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: