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Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

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  1. This study examined how rhizosphere fungi influence the accumulation of chemical components in fruits of a small population species of Cinnamomum migao.

    Authors: Jingzhong Chen, Xiaolong Huang, Bingli Tong, Deng Wang, Jiming Liu, Xiaofeng Liao and Qingwen Sun

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:206

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Colibactin-producing Escherichia coli containing polyketide synthase (pks+ E. coli) has been shown to be involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) development through gut microbiota analysis in animal models. Stool sta...

    Authors: Daiki Watanabe, Haruka Murakami, Harumi Ohno, Kumpei Tanisawa, Kana Konishi, Kikue Todoroki-Mori, Yuta Tsunematsu, Michio Sato, Yuji Ogata, Noriyuki Miyoshi, Naoto Kubota, Jun Kunisawa, Keiji Wakabayashi, Tetsuya Kubota, Kenji Watanabe and Motohiko Miyachi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The intestinal microbiota plays a crucial role in human health, adjusting its composition and the microbial metabolites protects the gut against invading microorganisms. Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) is an imp...

    Authors: Tamara Renata Machado Ribeiro, Mateus Kawata Salgaço, Maria Angela Tallarico Adorno, Miriam Aparecida da Silva, Roxane Maria Fontes Piazza, Katia Sivieri and Cristiano Gallina Moreira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Group B streptococci (GBS) are important neonatal bacterial pathogens that can cause severe invasive disease in the newborn. It is thought that in many cases of invasive neonatal GBS disease, the bacteria asce...

    Authors: Maram Hulbah, Matthew A. Croxen and Gregory J. Tyrrell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:145

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Chinese soft-shell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) is an important commercial species for their high nutritional value and unique taste, but it has been a vulnerable species due to habitat loss. In this study, homol...

    Authors: Benli Wu, Long Huang, Jing Chen, Ye Zhang, Jun Wang and Jixiang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Continuous cropping obstacles from sweet potatoes are widespread, which seriously reduce the yield and quality, causing certain economic losses. Bacteria of rhizospheric soil are the richest and are associated...

    Authors: Zhiyuan Gao, Yaya Hu, Meikun Han, Junjie Xu, Xue Wang, Lanfu Liu, Zhonghou Tang, Weijing Jiao, Rong Jin, Ming Liu, Zhengjun Guan and Zhimin Ma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:102

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:121

  7. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with spirochetes from Leptospira genus. It has been classified into at least 17 pathogenic species, with more than 250 serologic variants. This wide distrib...

    Authors: Joana Dias Ho, Luiz Eduardo Massao Takara, Denize Monaris, Aline Patrícia Gonçalves, Antonio Francisco Souza-Filho, Gisele Oliveira de Souza, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Paulo Lee Ho and Patrícia Antonia Estima Abreu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Zinc uptake-regulator (Zur)-regulated lipoprotein A (ZrlA) plays a role in bacterial fitness and overcoming antimicrobial exposure in Acinetobacter baumannii. This study further characterized the zrlA gene and it...

    Authors: Nayeong Kim, Hyo Jeong Kim, Man Hwan Oh, Se Yeon Kim, Mi Hyun Kim, Joo Hee Son, Seung Il Kim, Minsang Shin, Yoo Chul Lee and Je Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:27

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Berberine (BBR) is a plant-based nutraceutical that has been used for millennia to treat diarrheal infections and in contemporary medicine to improve patient lipid profiles. Reduction in lipids, particularly c...

    Authors: Patricia G. Wolf, Saravanan Devendran, Heidi L. Doden, Lindsey K. Ly, Tyler Moore, Hajime Takei, Hiroshi Nittono, Tsuyoshi Murai, Takao Kurosawa, George E. Chlipala, Stefan J. Green, Genta Kakiyama, Purna Kashyap, Vance J. McCracken, H. Rex Gaskins, Patrick M. Gillevet…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:24

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Acinetobacter baumannii is a gram-negative bacterium which causes opportunistic infections in immunocompromised hosts. Genome plasticity has given rise to a wide range of strain variation with respect to antimicr...

    Authors: Ranashia L. Boone, Briana Whitehead, Tyra M. Avery, Jacky Lu, Jamisha D. Francis, Miriam A. Guevara, Rebecca E. Moore, Schuyler A. Chambers, Ryan S. Doster, Shannon D. Manning, Steven D. Townsend, Leon Dent, Dana Marshall, Jennifer A. Gaddy and Steven M. Damo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The analysis of blow microbiota has been proposed as a biomarker for respiratory health analysis in cetaceans. Yet, we lack crucial knowledge on the long-term stability of the blow microbiota and its potential...

    Authors: Catharina Vendl, Tiffanie Nelson, Belinda Ferrari, Torsten Thomas and Tracey Rogers

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The type VI protein secretion system (T6SS) is important in diverse cellular processes in Gram-negative bacteria, including interactions with other bacteria and with eukaryotic hosts. In this study we analyze ...

    Authors: Nathaly Andrea Montenegro Benavides, Alejandro Alvarez B., Mario L. Arrieta-Ortiz, Luis Miguel Rodriguez-R, David Botero, Javier Felipe Tabima, Luisa Castiblanco, Cesar Trujillo, Silvia Restrepo and Adriana Bernal

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:14

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) is an emerging pathogen in freshwater aquaculture that results in the loss of over 3 million pounds of marketable channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, and channel catfish...

    Authors: Priscilla C. Barger, Mark R. Liles, Benjamin H. Beck and Joseph C. Newton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:33

  14. During the last two decades research on animal filarial parasites, especially Onchocerca ochengi, infecting cattle in savanna areas of Africa revealed that O. ochengi as an animal model has biological features th...

    Authors: Ngwafu Nancy Ngwasiri, Norbert W. Brattig, Dieudonné Ndjonka, Eva Liebau, Archile Paguem, Dustin Leusder, Manchang Tanyi Kingsley, Albert Eisenbarth, Alfons Renz and Achukwi Mbunkah Daniel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2021 21:5

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Microbiology 2021 21:117

  15. Pasteurella multocida is responsible for a highly infectious and contagious disease in birds, leading to heavy economic losses in the chicken industry. However, the pathogenesis of this disease is poorly understo...

    Authors: Zui Wang, Li Li, Peng Liu, Chen Wang, Qin Lu, Lina Liu, Xiaozhong Wang, Qingping Luo and Huabin Shao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:369

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus are entomopathogenic bacteria that cause septicemia and toxemia in insects. They produce secondary metabolites to induce host immunosuppression. Their metabolite compositions vary amo...

    Authors: Md. Mahi Imam Mollah and Yonggyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:359

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis (B. infantis) is a commensal bacterium that colonizes the gastrointestinal tract of breast-fed infants. B. infantis can efficiently utilize the abundant supply of oligosacch...

    Authors: Amy M. Ehrlich, Alline R. Pacheco, Bethany M. Henrick, Diana Taft, Gege Xu, M. Nazmul Huda, Darya Mishchuk, Michael L. Goodson, Carolyn Slupsky, Daniela Barile, Carlito B. Lebrilla, Charles B. Stephensen, David A. Mills and Helen E. Raybould

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:357

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The Gram-negative oral pathogen Tannerella forsythia strictly depends on the external supply of the essential bacterial cell wall sugar N-acetylmuramic acid (MurNAc) for survival because of the lack of the common...

    Authors: Valentina M. T. Mayer, Markus B. Tomek, Rudolf Figl, Marina Borisova, Isabel Hottmann, Markus Blaukopf, Friedrich Altmann, Christoph Mayer and Christina Schäffer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:352

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Early infant feeding with intact or extensively hydrolyzed (EH) proteins or free amino acids (AA) may differentially affect intestinal microbiota composition and immune reactivity. This multicenter, double-bli...

    Authors: Car Reen Kok, Bradford Brabec, Maciej Chichlowski, Cheryl L. Harris, Nancy Moore, Jennifer L. Wampler, Jon Vanderhoof, Devin Rose and Robert Hutkins

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:337

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Ferula sinkiangensis is an increasingly endangered medicinal plant. Arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) are symbiotic microorganisms that live in the soil wherein they enhance nutrient uptake, stress resistance, an...

    Authors: Yunfeng Luo, Zhongke Wang, Yaling He, Guifang Li, Xinhua Lv and Li Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The make-up of gut microbiota at different puberty stages has not been reported. This cross-sectional study analyzed the bio-diversity of gut microbiota at different puberty stages.

    Authors: Xin Yuan, Ruimin Chen, Ying Zhang, Xiangquan Lin and Xiaohong Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:334

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Comparisons of traditional hunter-gatherers and pre-agricultural communities in Africa with urban and suburban Western North American and European cohorts have clearly shown that diet, lifestyle and environmen...

    Authors: O. H. Oduaran, F. B. Tamburini, V. Sahibdeen, R. Brewster, F. X. Gómez-Olivé, K. Kahn, S. A. Norris, S. M. Tollman, R. Twine, A. N. Wade, R. G. Wagner, Z. Lombard, A. S. Bhatt and S. Hazelhurst

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The msaABCR operon regulates several staphylococcal phenotypes such as biofilm formation, capsule production, protease production, pigmentation, antibiotic resistance, and persister cells formation. The msaABCR o...

    Authors: Gyan S. Sahukhal, Michelle Tucci, Hamed Benghuzzi, Gerri Wilson and Mohamed O. Elasri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Symbiotic interactions between insects and bacteria have been associated with a vast variety of physiological, ecological and evolutionary consequences for the host. A wide range of bacterial communities have ...

    Authors: Joseph Gichuhi, Fathiya Khamis, Johnnie Van den Berg, Samira Mohamed, Sunday Ekesi and Jeremy K. Herren

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:321

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Phylogenetically closely related strains of maternally inherited endosymbiotic bacteria are often found in phylogenetically divergent, and geographically distant insect host species. The interspecies transfer ...

    Authors: Anne Duplouy, Robin Pranter, Haydon Warren-Gash, Robert Tropek and Niklas Wahlberg

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The symbiotic bacteria associated with edible fungi are valuable microbial resources worthy of in-depth exploration. It is important to analyze the community structure and succession of symbiotic bacteria in m...

    Authors: Shujing Sun, Fan Li, Xin Xu, Yunchao Liu, Xuqiang Kong, Jianqiu Chen, Ting Liu and Liding Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:311

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The utilization of exogenous fatty acids by Gram-negative bacteria has been linked to many cellular processes, including fatty acid oxidation for metabolic gain, assimilation into membrane phospholipids, and c...

    Authors: Joshua L. Herndon, Rachel E. Peters, Rachel N. Hofer, Timothy B. Simmons, Steven J. Symes and David K. Giles

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The host-microbial commensalism can shape the innate immune responses in respiratory mucosa and nasal microbiome also modulates front-line immune mechanism in the nasal mucosa. Inhaled allergens encounter the ...

    Authors: Yung Jin Jeon, Chan Hee Gil, Jina Won, Ara Jo and Hyun Jik Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Numerous studies have reported the health-promoting effects of exopolysaccharides (EPSs) in in vitro models; however, a functional evaluation of EPSs will provide additional knowledge of EPS-microbe interactio...

    Authors: Chenchen Ma, Hongyang Guo, Haibo Chang, Shi Huang, Shuaiming Jiang, Dongxue Huo, Jiachao Zhang and Xiaopeng Zhu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:300

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The dried roots and rhizomes of medicinal licorices are widely used worldwide as a traditional medicinal herb, which are mainly attributed to a variety of bioactive compounds that can be extracted from licoric...

    Authors: Hanli Dang, Tao Zhang, Guifang Li, Yudi Mu, Xinhua Lv, Zhongke Wang and Li Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:291

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The human colon is colonised by a dense microbial community whose species composition and metabolism are linked to health and disease. The main energy sources for colonic bacteria are dietary polysaccharides a...

    Authors: Wing Sun Faith Chung, Alan W. Walker, Douwina Bosscher, Vicenta Garcia-Campayo, Josef Wagner, Julian Parkhill, Sylvia H. Duncan and Harry J. Flint

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  32. This study evaluated the effect of oral lactobacilli on the cytotoxicity and cytokine release from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) when exposed to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans subtypes in vitr...

    Authors: Nuntiya Pahumunto, Amina Basic, Anna-Karin Östberg, Rawee Teanpaisan and Gunnar Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:279

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) has been widely studied for the treatment of intestinal inflammatory diseases and infectious diarrhea, but the mechanisms by which they communicate with the host are n...

    Authors: Rujiu Hu, Hua Lin, Jing Li, Yuezhen Zhao, Mimi Wang, Xiaoqin Sun, Yuna Min, Yupeng Gao and Mingming Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  34. For successful colonization, enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) injects virulence factors, called effectors, into target cells through the type three secretion system (T3SS), which is composed of a needle...

    Authors: Risa Nada, Shinya Ebihara, Hilo Yen and Toru Tobe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Clostridioides difficile is a major cause of antibiotic associated diarrhea. Several animal models are used to study C. difficile infection (CDI). The tree shrew has recently been developed as a model of primate ...

    Authors: Wenpeng Gu, Wenge Li, Wenguang Wang, Dexuan Kuang, Wenzhu Zhang, Caixia Lu, Na Li, Pinfen Tong, Yuanyuan Han, Xiaomei Sun, Jinxing Lu, Yuan Wu and Jiejie Dai

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Peptidorhamnomannan is a glycoconjugate that consists of a peptide chain substituted by O- and N-linked glycans, present on the cell surface of Lomentospora prolificans, a saprophytic fungus which is widely distr...

    Authors: Mariana Ingrid Dutra da Silva Xisto, Suelen S. Santos, Luana Rossato, Fábio Seiti Yamada Yoshikawa, Rosa Maria Tavares Haido, Sandro Rogério de Almeida and Eliana Barreto-Bergter

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Endophytic bacteria are considered as symbionts living within plants and are influenced by abiotic and biotic environments. Pathogen cause biotic stress, which may change physiology of plants and may affect th...

    Authors: Diandong Wang, Tingting Sun, Songyu Zhao, Limei Pan, Hongfang Liu and Xueliang Tian

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Yeasts, which are ubiquitous in agroecosystems, are known to degrade various xenobiotics. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of fungicides on the abundance of natural yeast communities colonizing ...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kucharska, Urszula Wachowska and Sylwester Czaplicki

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Antibiotic resistance is an increasing phenomenon in many bacterial pathogens including uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Hypothetical anti-virulent agents could be a solution, but first clear virulence associated ...

    Authors: Zahra Yazdanpour, Omid Tadjrobehkar and Motahareh Shahkhah

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The increase in bacterial resistance phenotype cases is a global health problem. New strategies must be explored by the scientific community in order to create new treatment alternatives. Animal venoms are a g...

    Authors: Rafael Schneider, Muriel Primon-Barros, Rafael Gomes Von Borowski, Sophie Chat, Sylvie Nonin-Lecomte, Reynald Gillet and Alexandre José Macedo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:237

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Streptococcus mutans is a major cause of dental caries. Its capacity to produce biofilm is fundamental in the pathogenesis of this ubiquitous condition. As maintaining a healthy dentition is a genuine goal given ...

    Authors: Zehdi Eydou, Bader Naser Jad, Zeyad Elsayed, Anas Ismail, Michael Magaogao and Ashfaque Hossain

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) is one of the major foodborne zoonotic pathogens of worldwide importance which can induce activation of NLRC4 and NLRP3 inflammasomes during infection. Given that the inflammasomes pla...

    Authors: Yaxin Guo, Dan Gu, Tingting Huang, Liyan Cao, Xinyu Zhu, Yi Zhou, Kangru Wang, Xilong Kang, Chuang Meng, Xinan Jiao and Zhiming Pan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:226

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Mosquito-borne diseases involving arboviruses represent expanding threats to sub-Saharan Africa imposing as considerable burden to human and veterinary public health. In Mozambique over one hundred species of ...

    Authors: Ana Paula Abílio, Manuel Silva, Ayubo Kampango, Inácio Narciso, Eduardo Samo Gudo, Luís Carlos Bernardo das Neves, Mohsin Sidat, José Manuel Fafetine, António Paulo Gouveia de Almeida and Ricardo Parreira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:225

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2809 can highly induce interleukin (IL)-12 production in immune cells. Even though beneficial properties of this strain for both humans and animals have been reported, the mechanism by wh...

    Authors: Kazumasa Onishi, Junko Mochizuki, Asako Sato, Ayako Goto and Toshihiro Sashihara

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:217

    Content type: Research article

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  45. A rice associated bacterium Burkholderia gladioli strain NGJ1 demonstrates mycophagy, a phenomenon wherein bacteria feed on fungi. Previously, we have reported that NGJ1 utilizes type III secretion system (T3SS) ...

    Authors: Sunil Kumar Yadav, Joyati Das, Rahul Kumar and Gopaljee Jha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:216

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Several plant-pathogenic bacteria are transmitted by insect vector species that often also act as hosts. In this interface, these bacteria encounter plant endophytic, insect endosymbiotic and other microbes. H...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Morrow, Namgay Om, George A. C. Beattie, Grant A. Chambers, Nerida J. Donovan, Lia W. Liefting, Markus Riegler and Paul Holford

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:215

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Triggered in response to external and internal ligands in cells and animals, redox homeostasis is transmitted via signal molecules involved in defense redox mechanisms through networks of cell proliferation, d...

    Authors: Ker-Kong Chen, Moeko Minakuchi, Kenly Wuputra, Chia-Chen Ku, Jia-Bin Pan, Kung-Kai Kuo, Ying-Chu Lin, Shigeo Saito, Chang-Shen Lin and Kazunari K. Yokoyama

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:214

    Content type: Review

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  48. Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus. Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is frequently isolated from DFU infections. Bacteriophages (phages) represent an alternative or...

    Authors: Legesse Garedew Kifelew, Morgyn S. Warner, Sandra Morales, Lewis Vaughan, Richard Woodman, Robert Fitridge, James G. Mitchell and Peter Speck

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:204

    Content type: Research article

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