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Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Content type: Research article

    Tibetan sheep (TS) and Gansu Alpine Finewool sheep (GS) are both important plateau sheep raised and fed on the harsh Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau, China. Rumen methanogen and protozoal communities of plateau sheep ...

    Authors: Jinqiang Huang and Yongjuan Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:212

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Modifiable lifestyle factors (e.g. dietary intake and physical activity) are important contributors to weight gain during college. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether associations exist between b...

    Authors: Corrie M. Whisner, Juan Maldonado, Brandon Dente, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown and Meg Bruening

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:210

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The study describes the Salmonella Rissen phage ϕ1 isolated from the ϕ1-sensitive Salmonella Rissen strain RW. The same phage was then used to select the resistant strain RRϕ1+, which can harbour or not ϕ1.

    Authors: Marina Papaianni, Felice Contaldi, Andrea Fulgione, Sheridan L. Woo, Angela Casillo, Maria Michela Corsaro, Ermenegilda Parrilli, Luca Marcolungo, Marzia Rossato, Massimo Delledonne, Marianna Garonzi, Domenico Iannelli and Rosanna Capparelli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:208

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Composition of the vaginal microbiota has significant influence on female urogenital health and control of infectious disease. Murine models are widely utilized to characterize host-pathogen interactions withi...

    Authors: Alison Vrbanac, Angelica M. Riestra, Alison Coady, Rob Knight, Victor Nizet and Kathryn A. Patras

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:197

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Theobroma cacao L. (cacao) is a perennial tropical tree, endemic to rainforests of the Amazon Basin. Large populations of bacteria live on leaf surfaces and these phylloplane microorganisms can have important eff...

    Authors: Juliano Oliveira Santana, Karina Peres Gramacho, Katiúcia Tícila de Souza Eduvirgens Ferreira, Rachel Passos Rezende, Pedro Antônio Oliveira Mangabeira, Ricardo Pedro Moreira Dias, Francisco M. Couto and Carlos Priminho Pirovani

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:194

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  6. Content type: Research article

    16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing analysis (16S amplicon sequencing) has provided considerable information regarding the ecology of the intestinal microbiome. Recently, metabolomics has been used for investiga...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Wakita, Yumi Shimomura, Yusuke Kitada, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Yoshiaki Ohashi and Mitsuharu Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:188

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of Gram-positive bacterial infections worldwide; however, the treatment of S. aureus infection has become increasingly difficult due to the prevalence of methicillin-resis...

    Authors: Chendi Jing, Chenghua Liu, Fangjie Liu, Yaping Gao, Yu Liu, Zhangchun Guan, Bo Xuan, Yanyan Yu and Guang Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:181

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are major inhabitants and part of the normal microflora of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of humans and animals. Despite substantial evidence supporting the beneficial properties o...

    Authors: Winschau F. Van Zyl, Shelly M. Deane and Leon M. T. Dicks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:171

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to identify Lactobacillus isolates derived from turkeys from six Polish farms and to characterize their phenotypic and genotypic antibiotic resistance profiles.

    Authors: Marta Dec, Anna Nowaczek, Dagmara Stępień-Pyśniak, Jacek Wawrzykowski and Renata Urban-Chmiel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:168

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  10. Content type: Methodology article

    Haemophilus influenzae is found in the nasopharynx of 80% of the human population. While colonisation with non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is usually asymptomatic, it is capable of causing acute and ch...

    Authors: Stephen R. Thomas, Stephanie Leung, Katy Knox, Tom M. A. Wilkinson, Karl J. Staples, Pascal Lestrate, Dominique Wauters, Andrew Gorringe and Stephen C. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:167

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common infectious disease of the lower genital tract. Nystatin, a polyene fungicidal antibiotic, is used as a topical antifungal agent for VVC treatment. The aim of the curr...

    Authors: Xu Zhang, Ting Li, Xi Chen, Suxia Wang and Zhaohui Liu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:166

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is a leading cause of foodborne gastroenteritis worldwide. This bacterium lacks many of the classical virulence factors, and flagellum-associated persistent colonization has been ...

    Authors: Fangzhe Ren, Xiaofei Li, Haiyan Tang, Qidong Jiang, Xi Yun, Lin Fang, Pingyu Huang, Yuanyue Tang, Qiuchun Li, Jinlin Huang and Xin-an Jiao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:149

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  13. Content type: Methodology article

    Endothelial cells play a major role in highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus pathogenesis in gallinaceous poultry species (e.g. chicken, turkey and quail). Upon infection of gallinaceous poultry with ...

    Authors: Raissa L. Davis, Geunho Choi, Thijs Kuiken, Pascale Quéré, Sascha Trapp, Kirsty R. Short and Mathilde Richard

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:138

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Dickeya zeae is the causal agent of maize and rice foot rot diseases, but recently it was also found to infect banana and cause severe losses in China. Strains from different sources showed significant diversity ...

    Authors: Ming Hu, Jieling Li, Ruiting Chen, Wenjun Li, Luwen Feng, Lei Shi, Yang Xue, Xiaoyin Feng, Lianhui Zhang and Jianuan Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:136

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Gut bacteria are closely associated with host. Chrysomya megacephala, as a vector and resource insect, can transmit various pathogenic bacteria and consume manure to produce biofertilizer and larva biomass. Howev...

    Authors: Xiaoyun Wang, Qiao Gao, Wanqiang Wang, Xiaoping Wang, Chaoliang Lei and Fen Zhu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:131

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Symbiosis in insects is accumulating significant amount of studies: the description of a wide array of mutualistic associations across the evolutionary history of insects suggests that resident microbiota acts...

    Authors: M V Mancini, C Damiani, A Accoti, M Tallarita, E Nunzi, A Cappelli, J Bozic, R Catanzani, P Rossi, M Valzano, A Serrao, I Ricci, R Spaccapelo and G Favia

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:126

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial contamination remains the major problem in skin banks, even after antimicrobial treatment, and results in high rates of tissue discarding. This study aimed to analyze bacterial contamination in 32 hu...

    Authors: Karine Lena Meneghetti, Micaela do Canto Canabarro, Letícia Muner Otton, Thaís dos Santos Hain, Mercedes Passos Geimba and Gertrudes Corção

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:121

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Aspergillus fumigatus is a ubiquitous saprotrophic fungus and an opportunistic pathogen of humans and animals. Humans and animals can inhale hundreds of A. fumigatus spores daily. Normally this is harmless for hu...

    Authors: Ivan D. Valdes, Joris van den Berg, Annika Haagsman, Natalia Escobar, Jacques F. Meis, Ferry Hagen, Pieter Jan Haas, Jos Houbraken, Han A. B. Wösten and Hans de Cock

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:118

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell-to cell communication system that bacteria use to synchronize activities as a group. LitR, the master regulator of QS in Aliivibrio salmonicida, was recently shown to regulate activi...

    Authors: Miriam Khider, Nils Peder Willassen and Hilde Hansen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:116

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Asthma, one of the most common chronic respiratory disorders, is associated with the hyper-activation of the T-cell subset of adaptive immunity. The gut microbiota may be involved in the development of asthma ...

    Authors: Qi Wang, Fei Li, Bishan Liang, Yuhu Liang, Sijie Chen, Xiaodong Mo, Yanmei Ju, Hui Zhao, Huijue Jia, Timothy D. Spector, Hailiang Xie and Ruijin Guo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:114

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Dexamethasone (Dex), an artificially synthetic cortisol substitute, is commonly used as an anti-inflammatory drug, and is also employed to mimic the stress state experimentally. It is well known that chronic s...

    Authors: Canfeng Hua, Yali Geng, Qu Chen, Liqiong Niu, Liuping Cai, Shiyu Tao, Yingdong Ni and Ruqian Zhao

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:112

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common bacterial causes of food-borne enteritis worldwide. Chemotaxis in C. jejuni is known to be critical for the successful colonization of the host and key for the adapt...

    Authors: Anastasia-Lisa Lübke, Sabrina Minatelli, Thomas Riedel, Raimond Lugert, Isabel Schober, Cathrin Spröer, Jörg Overmann, Uwe Groß, Andreas E. Zautner and Wolfgang Bohne

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:111

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The stability of intestinal microorganisms plays an important role in human health, as the intestines perform important functions in the human body. Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, facultative anaerobic...

    Authors: Dayong Ren, Shengjie Gong, Jingyan Shu, Jianwei Zhu, Hongyan Liu and Ping Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:109

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the etiologic agent of diphtheria and different systemic infections. The bacterium has been classically described as an extracellular pathogen. However, a number of studies revealed...

    Authors: Dulanthi Weerasekera, Franziska Stengel, Heinrich Sticht, Ana Luíza de Mattos Guaraldi, Andreas Burkovski and Camila Azevedo Antunes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:106

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The Gram-negative phytopathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris recruits the hrp/T3SS system to inject pathogenicity effector proteins into host cells and uses the rpf/DSF cell-cell signaling sy...

    Authors: Bo-Le Jiang, Guo-Feng Jiang, Wei Liu, Li-Chao Yang, Li-Yan Yang, Lin Wang, Xiao-Hong Hang and Ji-Liang Tang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:103

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Phage therapy is the therapeutic use of bacteriophages to treat highly drug resistant bacterial infections. The current surge in bacteriophage therapy is motivated mainly because of the emergence of antibiotic...

    Authors: Prasanth Manohar, Ramesh Nachimuthu and Bruno S. Lopes

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:97

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant gastrointestinal tumor. In China, CRC is the 5th most commonly diagnosed cancer. The vast majority of CRC cases are sporadic and evolve with the adenoma-carcinoma ...

    Authors: Yongzhen Zhang, Xin Yu, Enda Yu, Na Wang, Quancai Cai, Qun Shuai, Feihu Yan, Lufang Jiang, Hexing Wang, Jianxiang Liu, Yue Chen, Zhaoshen Li and Qingwu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:92

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Apple canker is a devastating branch disease caused by Valsa mali (Vm). The endophytic actinomycete Saccharothrix yanglingensis Hhs.015 (Sy Hhs.015) can effectively inhibit the growth of Vm. To reveal the mechani...

    Authors: Cong Liu, Dongying Fan, Yanfang Li, Yue Chen, Lili Huang and Xia Yan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:90

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Since recognizing the interaction between Brucella and host cells is crucial to the elucidation of the infectious process, Brucella researches have prioritized the investigation of genes related to pathogenicity....

    Authors: Myunghwan Jung, Soojin Shim, Young Bin Im, Woo Bin Park and Han Sang Yoo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:82

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis is the most serious endemic disease affecting livestock in the UK. The European badger (Meles meles) is the most important wildlife reservoir of bTB transmi...

    Authors: Anna Stedman, Carlos Maluquer de Motes, Sandrine Lesellier, Deanna Dalley, Mark Chambers and Jorge Gutierrez-Merino

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:74

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Leptospira interrogans is a pathogenic, spirochetal bacterium that is responsible for leptospirosis, an emerging worldwide zoonosis. Leptospires colonize the renal proximal tubules and chronically infect the kidn...

    Authors: Takayoshi Yamaguchi, Naomi Higa, Nobuhiko Okura, Arina Matsumoto, Idam Hermawan, Tetsu Yamashiro, Toshihiko Suzuki and Claudia Toma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:64

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Galleria mellonella larvae were infected with conidia of Aspergillus fumigatus and the cellular and humoral immune responses of larvae to the pathogen were characterized as invasive aspergillosis developed.

    Authors: Gerard Sheehan, Gráinne Clarke and Kevin Kavanagh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:63

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  33. Content type: Methodology article

    The development of vaccines and evaluation of novel treatment strategies for invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) disease requires suitable models of human infection that can be monitored longitudinally and a...

    Authors: L. E. Lamb, X. Zhi, F. Alam, M. Pyzio, C. L. Scudamore, S. Wiles and S. Sriskandan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:60

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Airway epithelium is the primary target for pathogens. It functions not only as a mechanical barrier, but also as an important sentinel of the innate immune system. However, the interactions and processes betw...

    Authors: Yinghua Li, Guangnan Liu, Jianquan Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong and Zhiyi He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:58

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Avian β-defensins (AvBD) are cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMP) with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, chemotactic property, and low host cytotoxicity. However, their bactericidal activity is greatly ...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Chunye Zhang, Michael Z. Zhang and Shuping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:54

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  36. Content type: Database

    Recent research has provided fascinating indications and evidence that the host health is linked to its microbial inhabitants. Due to the development of high-throughput sequencing technologies, more and more d...

    Authors: Yorick Janssens, Joachim Nielandt, Antoon Bronselaer, Nathan Debunne, Frederick Verbeke, Evelien Wynendaele, Filip Van Immerseel, Yves-Paul Vandewynckel, Guy De Tré and Bart De Spiegeleer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:50

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Mice are a natural host for Rodentibacter (R.) pneumotropicus. Despite specific monitoring, it is still one of the most important infectious agents in laboratory animals. The objective of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Juliane Fornefett, Jaqueline Krause, Kristin Klose, Felix Fingas, Rayk Hassert, Laurentiu Benga, Thomas Grunwald, Uwe Müller, Wieland Schrödl and Christoph Georg Baums

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:45

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Brucella causes a chronic and debilitating infection that leads to great economic losses and a public health burden. In this study, we demonstrated the brucellacidal effect of heat shock mediated by the induction...

    Authors: Huynh Tan Hop, Lauren Togonon Arayan, Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo Reyes, Tran Xuan Ngoc Huy, Won Gi Min, Hu Jang Lee, Man Hee Rhee, Hong Hee Chang and Suk Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:44

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  39. Content type: Methodology Article

    Global warming has triggered an increase in the prevalence and severity of coral disease, yet little is known about coral/pathogen interactions in the early stages of infection. The point of entry of the patho...

    Authors: E. Gibbin, A. Gavish, I. Domart-Coulon, E. Kramarsky-Winter, O. Shapiro, A. Meibom and A. Vardi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:39

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  40. Content type: Research

    Staphylococcus aureus cell wall anchored Serine Aspartate repeat containing protein D (SdrD) is a member of the microbial surface component recognising adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMMs). It is involved in the ...

    Authors: Clement Ajayi, Espen Åberg, Fatemeh Askarian, Johanna U. E. Sollid, Mona Johannessen and Anne-Merethe Hanssen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:34

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Porcine tonsils are lympho-epithelial tissues, colonized by numerous bacteria and viruses, that act as a reservoir for both host-specific pathogens and zoonotic pathogens with a high potential of transmission ...

    Authors: Luis Carlos Pena Cortes, Rhiannon M. LeVeque, Julie Funk, Terence L. Marsh and Martha H. Mulks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:35

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  42. Content type: Research article

    We and others have previously shown that alterations in the mammalian gut microbiome are associated with diet, notably early life exposure to a maternal high fat diet (HFD). Here, we aimed to further these stu...

    Authors: Ryan M. Pace, Amanda L. Prince, Jun Ma, Benjamin D. W. Belfort, Alexia S. Harvey, Min Hu, Karalee Baquero, Peter Blundell, Diana Takahashi, Tyler Dean, Paul Kievit, Elinor L. Sullivan, Jacob E. Friedman, Kevin Grove and Kjersti M. Aagaard

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:28

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), one of the main pathogenic bacteria involved in periodontitis, induces the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule − 1 (ICAM-1) and monocyte-endothelial cell adhesi...

    Authors: Wanyue Xu, Yaping Pan, Qiufang Xu, Yun Wu, Jiayu Pan, Jingya Hou, Li Lin, Xiaolin Tang, Chen Li, Jingbo Liu and Dongmei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:16

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The intracellular bacterial pathogen Legionella pneumophila proliferates in human alveolar macrophages, resulting in a severe pneumonia termed Legionnaires’ disease. Throughout the course of infection, L. pneumop...

    Authors: Xiaobo Yu, Rebecca R. Noll, Barbara P. Romero Dueñas, Samual C. Allgood, Kristi Barker, Jeffrey L. Caplan, Matthias P. Machner, Joshua LaBaer, Ji Qiu and M. Ramona Neunuebel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:5

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Ustilago esculenta, a pathogenic basidiomycete fungus, infects Zizania latifolia to form edible galls named Jiaobai in China. The distinct growth conditions of U. esculenta induced Z. ...

    Authors: Yafen Zhang, Qianchao Cao, Peng Hu, Haifeng Cui, Xiaoping Yu and Zihong Ye

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:228

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that is recognized as a major cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Comparable to...

    Authors: Kristy Leker, Ivonne Lozano-Pope, Keya Bandyopadhyay, Biswa P. Choudhury and Marygorret Obonyo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:226

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Although plants produce many secondary metabolites, currently none of these are commercial antibiotics. Insects feeding on specific plants can harbour bacterial strains resistant to known antibiotics suggestin...

    Authors: Katarzyna Ignasiak and Anthony Maxwell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:223

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Vibrio anguillarum is an extracellular bacterial pathogen that is a causative agent of vibriosis in finfish and crustaceans with mortality rates ranging from 30% to 100%. Mutations in ...

    Authors: Xiangyu Mou, Edward J. Spinard, Shelby L. Hillman and David R. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:217

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  49. Content type: Research article

    During infection, inflammation is partially driven by the release of mediators which facilitate intercellular communication. Amongst these mediators are small membrane vesicles (MVs) that can be released by bo...

    Authors: Charlotte Volgers, Birke J. Benedikter, Gert E. Grauls, Paul H. M. Savelkoul and Frank R. M. Stassen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:216

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