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Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

Page 1 of 9

  1. Content type: Research article

    Caulerpa lentillifera is one of the most important economic green macroalgae in the world. Increasing demand for consumption has led to the commercial cultivation of C. lentillifera in Japan and Vietnam in recent...

    Authors: Zhourui Liang, Fuli Liu, Wenjun Wang, Pengyan Zhang, Xiutao Sun, Feijiu Wang and Heather Kell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:225

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  2. Content type: Methodology article

    Characterization of the skin and wound microbiome is of high biomedical interest, but is hampered by the low biomass of typical samples. While sample preparation from other microbiomes (e.g., gut) has been the...

    Authors: Samuel Verbanic, Colin Y. Kim, John M. Deacon and Irene A. Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:214

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Ustilago esculenta, a typical dimorphic fungus could infect Zizania latifolia and induce host stem swollen to form an edible vegetable called Jiaobai in China. The strains differentiation especially in the mating...

    Authors: Yafen Zhang, Min Wu, Qianwen Ge, Mengfei Yang, Wenqiang Xia, Haifeng Cui, Xiaoping Yu, Shangfa Zhang and Zihong Ye

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:208

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  4. Content type: Methodology article

    Little is known about how bacterial endosymbionts colonize host tissues. Because many insect endosymbionts are maternally transmitted, egg colonization is critical for endosymbiont success. Wolbachia bacteria, ca...

    Authors: Steen Christensen, Moises Camacho, Zinat Sharmin, A. J. M. Zehadee Momtaz, Laura Perez, Giselle Navarro, Jairo Triana, Hani Samarah, Michael Turelli and Laura R. Serbus

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:206

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacilli are gatekeepers of vaginal ecosystem impeding growth of pathogenic microbes and their diversity varies across populations worldwide. The present study investigated diversity of human vaginal micro...

    Authors: Sumi Das Purkayastha, Mrinal Kanti Bhattacharya, Himanshu Kishore Prasad, Hrishikesh Upadhyaya, Suparna Das Lala, Kunal Pal, Meenakshi Das, Gauri Dutt Sharma and Maloyjo Joyraj Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:198

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  6. Content type: Research article

    More than half of the adult population worldwide is overweight or obese, while excess adiposity has been linked to chronic low-grade inflammation, contributing to the development of chronic diseases. Recent st...

    Authors: Su Jeong Kim, Sung-Eun Kim, A-Reum Kim, Saemyi Kang, Mi-Young Park and Mi-Kyung Sung

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:193

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Gut microbiota has been suggested to play a role in stroke patients. Nevertheless, little is known about gut microbiota and the clinical indexes in stroke patients.

    Authors: Na Li, Xingcui Wang, Congcong Sun, Xinwei Wu, Mei Lu, Youfeng Si, Xiang Ye, Tan Wang, Xiaolin Yu, Xinjing Zhao, Na Wei and Xingbang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:191

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The low bacterial load in samples acquired from the lungs, have made studies on the airway microbiome vulnerable to contamination from bacterial DNA introduced during sampling and laboratory processing. We hav...

    Authors: Christine Drengenes, Harald G. Wiker, Tharmini Kalananthan, Eli Nordeide, Tomas M. L. Eagan and Rune Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:187

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  9. Content type: Methodology article

    Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is a leading cause of food poisoning and is of great importance to public health due to the frequency and seriousness of the diseases. The simple, timely and efficien...

    Authors: Yunyun Geng, Ke Tan, Libing Liu, Xiao Xia Sun, Baohua Zhao and Jianchang Wang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:186

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The Chinese believe that the meat of pigs reared in the past with free range tastes better than that of the pigs reared indoor on a large scale today. Gastrointestinal microflora is closely associated with the...

    Authors: Keke Qi, Xiaoming Men, Jie Wu and Ziwei Xu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:181

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The human gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiota has been a subject of intense research throughout the 3rd Millennium. Now that a general picture about microbiota composition in health and disease is emerging,...

    Authors: Oula Peñate-Medina, Robert J. Tower, Tuula Peñate-Medina, Olga Will, Per E. J. Saris, Juho Suojanen, Timo Sorsa, Laura Huuskonen, Kaisa Hiippala, Reetta Satokari, Claus C. Glüer, Willem M. de Vos and Justus Reunanen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:167

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Enteric pathogens have developed mechanisms to disrupt tight junctions and increase gut permeability. Many studies have analysed the ability of live probiotics to protect intestinal epithelial cells against ti...

    Authors: Carina-Shianya Alvarez, Rosa Giménez, María-Alexandra Cañas, Rodrigo Vera, Natalia Díaz-Garrido, Josefa Badia and Laura Baldomà

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:166

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  13. Content type: Research article

    We previously identified a plant-derived phenolic compound ortho-coumaric acid (OCA) as an inhibitor of type III secretion system (T3SS) of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the pathogen causing bacterial leaf...

    Authors: Susu Fan, Fang Tian, Liwei Fang, Ching-Hong Yang and Chenyang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:163

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  14. Content type: Research article

    H. pylori exhibits antibiotic resistance with regional differences. In this paper, we explored antibiotic resistance of H. pylori to five antibiotics in an area with a high risk of gastric cancer.

    Authors: Dan Wang, Qianqian Guo, Yuan Yuan and Yuehua Gong

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:152

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Adaptability to different environmental conditions is an essential characteristic of pathogenic microorganisms as it facilitates their invasion of host organisms. The most external component of pathogenic yeas...

    Authors: Justyna Karkowska-Kuleta, Dorota Satala, Oliwia Bochenska, Maria Rapala-Kozik and Andrzej Kozik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:149

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The brown planthopper (BPH) is likely the most destructive, piercing and sucking monophagous insect pest of rice that causes substantial economic losses to farmers. Although yeast-like symbionts (YLS) and virus t...

    Authors: Abhishek Ojha and Wenqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:139

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen and one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections. Moreover, the species can cause severe infections in cystic fibrosis patients, in burnt victims and caus...

    Authors: Anna Cristhina Carmine de Melo, Amanda da Mata Gomes, Fernando L. Melo, Daniel M. P. Ardisson-Araújo, Agueda Palmira Castagna de Vargas, Valessa Lunkes Ely, Elliot W. Kitajima, Bergmann M. Ribeiro and José Luiz Caldas Wolff

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:134

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Xenorhabdus spp. live in close symbiosis with nematodes of the Steinernema genus. Steinernema nematodes infect an insect larva and release their symbionts into the haemocoel of the insect. Once released into the ...

    Authors: J. Dreyer, M. Rautenbach, E. Booysen, A. D. van Staden, S. M. Deane and L. M. T. Dicks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:132

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Treatment with the α-glucosidase inhibitor acarbose increases median lifespan by approximately 20% in male mice and 5% in females. This longevity extension differs from dietary restriction based on a number of fe...

    Authors: Byron J Smith, Richard A Miller, Aaron C Ericsson, David C Harrison, Randy Strong and Thomas M Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:130

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Enteric methane from the ruminant livestock is a significant source in global greenhouse gas emissions, which is mainly generated by the methanogens inhabiting the rumen and cecum. Sika deer (Cervus nippon) not o...

    Authors: Zhipeng Li, Xiaoxu Wang, Ting Zhang, Huazhe Si, Chao Xu, André-Denis G. Wright and Guangyu Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:129

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Gut microbes have been suggested as the possible targets in the management of allergic diseases. However, the way in which these microbes influence allergic diseases remain unclear. Forty-seven full-term newbo...

    Authors: Xi Shen, Maolin Wang, Xiao Zhang, Miao He, Ming Li, Guo Cheng, Chaomin Wan and Fang He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:123

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Bluetongue virus (BTV) causes a disease among wild and domesticated ruminants which is not contagious, but which is transmitted by biting midges of the Culicoides species. BTV can induce an intense cytopathic eff...

    Authors: Junzheng Du, Shandian Gao, Zhancheng Tian, Yanni Guo, Di Kang, Shanshan Xing, Guorui Zhang, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo, Huiyun Chang and Hong Yin

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:121

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Trichosporon is the dominant genus of epidermal fungi in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and causes local and deep infections. To provide the information needed for the diagnosis and treatment of trichospor...

    Authors: Xiaoping Ma, Yaozhang Jiang, Chengdong Wang, Yu Gu, Sanjie Cao, Xiaobo Huang, Yiping Wen, Qin Zhao, Rui Wu, Xintian Wen, Qigui Yan, Xinfeng Han, Zhicai Zuo, Junliang Deng, Zhihua Ren, Shumin Yu…

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:113

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of microbiota composition, persistence, and transmission as well as the overall function of the bacterial community is important and may be linked to honey bee health. This study aimed to investigate...

    Authors: Zuzana Hroncova, Jiri Killer, Josef Hakl, Dalibor Titera and Jaroslav Havlik

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:110

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The abuse of antibiotics in animal husbandry imposes a serious threat to both animal health and the environment. As a replacement for antibiotics, probiotic products have been widely used in livestock farming ...

    Authors: Yongjia Peng, Qiumei Shi, Yujie Wang, Fan Zhang, Zhixin Ji and Jin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:109

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Cathepsins are a group of endosomal proteases present in many cells including dendritic cells (DCs). The activity of cathepsins is regulated by their endogenous inhibitors – cystatins. Cathepsins are crucial t...

    Authors: Magdalena Bossowska-Nowicka, Matylda B. Mielcarska, Marta Romaniewicz, Monika M. Kaczmarek, Karolina P. Gregorczyk-Zboroch, Justyna Struzik, Marta Grodzik, Małgorzata M. Gieryńska, Felix N. Toka and Lidia Szulc-Dąbrowska

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:92

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Candidatus Berkiella cookevillensis’ and ‘Ca. Berkiella aquae’ have previously been described as intranuclear bacteria of amoebae. Both bacteria were isolated from amoebae and were described as appearing within...

    Authors: Nicholas B. Chamberlain, Yohannes T. Mehari, B. Jason Hayes, Colleen M. Roden, Destaalem T. Kidane, Andrew J. Swehla, Mario A. Lorenzana-DeWitt, Anthony L. Farone, John H. Gunderson, Sharon G. Berk and Mary B. Farone

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:91

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Statistical evaluation of the association between microbial abundance and dietary variables can be done in various ways. Currently, there is no consensus on which methods are to be preferred in which circumsta...

    Authors: Xiang Zhang, Max Nieuwdorp, Albert K. Groen and Aeiko H. Zwinderman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:90

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Lactococcus lactis strain Plasma (LC-Plasma) possesses strong stimulatory activity for plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) via the TLR9-Myd88 pathway. To reveal the effective lactic acid bacteria (LAB) genome str...

    Authors: Akira Horie, Yasuyuki Tomita, Konomi Ohshio, Daisuke Fujiwara and Toshio Fujii

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:88

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Both phylogeny and functional capabilities within the gut microbiota populations are of great importance for influencing host health. As a novel type of resistant starch, transglycosylated starch (TGS) modifie...

    Authors: Barbara U. Metzler-Zebeli, Monica A. Newman, Dietmar Grüll and Qendrim Zebeli

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:87

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Anopheles mosquitoes are of great importance to human health. A number of studies have shown that midgut and salivary gland microflora have an impact on malaria parasite burden through colonization mechanisms, in...

    Authors: Abib Berhanu, Adugna Abera, Desalegn Nega, Sindew Mekasha, Surafel Fentaw, Abebe Assefa, Gashaw Gebrewolde, Yonas Wuletaw, Ashenafi Assefa, Sisay Dugassa, Habte Tekie and Geremew Tasew

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:85

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae strains has posed a severe threat to public health in recent years. The mobile elements carrying the New Delhi metallo-β-lactqtamase (NDM) gene have been r...

    Authors: Biao Tang, Jiang Chang, Liujie Cao, Qixia Luo, Hao Xu, Wentao Lyu, Mingrong Qian, Xiaofeng Ji, Qiaoyan Zhang, Xiaodong Xia and Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:82

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The use of chemical fungicides against fungal pathogens adversely affects soil and plant health thereby resulting in overall environmental hazards. Therefore, biological source for obtaining antifungal agents ...

    Authors: Dibya Jyoti Hazarika, Gunajit Goswami, Trishnamoni Gautom, Assma Parveen, Pompi Das, Madhumita Barooah and Robin Chandra Boro

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:71

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  34. Content type: Methodology article

    Neisseria gonorrhoeae is an obligate human pathogen and its adherence to host cells is essential for its pathogenesis. Gonococcal adherence assays are based on the enumeration of bacteria attached to human cells ...

    Authors: Sidharath Dev Thakur, Milan Obradovic, Jo-Anne R. Dillon, Siew Hon Ng and Heather L. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:67

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  35. Content type: Research article

    A majority of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have metabolic dysfunction that results in an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. We previously developed a pubertal mouse model using the aromatase inh...

    Authors: Pedro J. Torres, Danalea V. Skarra, Bryan S. Ho, Lillian Sau, Arya R. Anvar, Scott T. Kelley and Varykina G. Thackray

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:57

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Edwardsiella ictaluri is a Gram-negative facultative intracellular anaerobe and the etiologic agent of enteric septicemia of channel catfish (ESC). To the catfish industry, ESC is a devastating disease due to pro...

    Authors: Safak Kalindamar, Jingjun Lu, Hossam Abdelhamed, Hasan C. Tekedar, Mark L. Lawrence and Attila Karsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:55

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Bird species worldwide are affected by trichomoniasis caused by the protist Trichomonas gallinae. In avivorous raptors such as Cooper’s hawks (Accipiter cooperii), nestlings are more susceptible than fledglings a...

    Authors: Michael J. Taylor, R. William Mannan, Jana M. U’Ren, Nicholas P. Garber, Rachel E. Gallery and A. Elizabeth Arnold

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:47

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Insects frequently live in close relationship with symbiotic bacteria that carry out beneficial functions for their host, like protection against parasites and viruses. However, in some cases, the mutualistic ...

    Authors: Mario Gonzalo Garcia-Arraez, Florent Masson, Juan Camilo Paredes Escobar and Bruno Lemaitre

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:46

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Colon cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide, with a commensurately high mortality rate. The search for novel antioxidants and specific anticancer agents which may inhibit, delay or rever...

    Authors: Loh Teng-Hern Tan, Kok-Gan Chan, Priyia Pusparajah, Wai-Fong Yin, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Learn-Han Lee and Bey-Hing Goh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:38

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Single stranded ribonucleic acid (ssRNA) binds to toll-like receptor (TLR)7 leading to recruitment of immune cells and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which has been shown in mammals. In chickens, sy...

    Authors: Mohamed Sarjoon Abdul-Cader, Upasama De Silva Senapathi, Hanaa Ahmed-Hassan, Shayan Sharif and Mohamed Faizal Abdul-Careem

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:34

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Lactobacillus mucosae DPC 6426 has previously demonstrated potentially cardio-protective properties, in the form of dyslipidaemia and hypercholesterolemia correction in an apolipoprotein-E deficient mouse model. ...

    Authors: Paul M. Ryan, Ellen H. Stolte, Lis E. E. London, Jerry M. Wells, Sarah L. Long, Susan A. Joyce, Cormac G. M. Gahan, Gerald F. Fitzgerald, R. Paul Ross, Noel M. Caplice and Catherine Stanton

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:33

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Leishmania (L.) spp are intracellular eukaryotic parasites responsible for cutaneous or visceral leishmaniasis, replicating predominantly in macrophages (MF). In C57BL/6 mice virulence with L. amazonensis has bee...

    Authors: Emilie Giraud, Eline Rouault, Laurence Fiette, Jean-Hervé Colle, Despoina Smirlis and Evie Melanitou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:32

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Diphtheria toxin (DT) is produced by toxigenic strains of the human pathogen Corynebacterium diphtheriae as well as zoonotic C. ulcerans and C. pseudotuberculosis. Toxigenic strains may cause severe respiratory d...

    Authors: Alexandra Dangel, Anja Berger, Regina Konrad and Andreas Sing

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:28

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Francisella noatunensis subsp. orientalis (Fno) is an emergent fish pathogen and the etiologic agent of piscine francisellosis. Besides persisting in the environment in both biofilm and planktonic forms, Fno is k...

    Authors: Jainee Lewis and Esteban Soto

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:21

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is known to modulate human health in a number of ways including altering the microbiome of the gut. Very few studies have examined the how obesity may affect the microbiomes of sites distant to the gut...

    Authors: Rebecca Vongsa, Doug Hoffman, Kristin Shepard and David Koenig

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:16

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Human adenovirus (Ad) infection leads to the changes of host cell gene expression and biosynthetic processes. Transcriptomics in adenovirus type 2 (Ad2)-infected lung fibroblasts (IMR-90) cells has previously ...

    Authors: Hongxing Zhao, Maoshan Chen, Alberto Valdés, Sara Bergström Lind and Ulf Pettersson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:15

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Cytokines play a vital role in the host immune response to infection by initiating the healing process and/or accelerating the progression of the disease in cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Very little evidence i...

    Authors: Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Buthsiri Sumanasena, Devika Iddawela, Susiji Wickramasinghe and Lalani Yatawara

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:14

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Sugarcane is an important sugar and economic crop in the world. Ratoon stunting Disease (RSD) of sugarcane, caused by Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli, is widespread in countries and regions where sugarcane is grown an...

    Authors: Kai Zhu, Min Shao, Dan Zhou, Yong-Xiu Xing, Li-Tao Yang and Yang-Rui Li

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2019 19:2

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