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Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis is the most serious endemic disease affecting livestock in the UK. The European badger (Meles meles) is the most important wildlife reservoir of bTB transmi...

    Authors: Anna Stedman, Carlos Maluquer de Motes, Sandrine Lesellier, Deanna Dalley, Mark Chambers and Jorge Gutierrez-Merino

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:74

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Leptospira interrogans is a pathogenic, spirochetal bacterium that is responsible for leptospirosis, an emerging worldwide zoonosis. Leptospires colonize the renal proximal tubules and chronically infect the kidn...

    Authors: Takayoshi Yamaguchi, Naomi Higa, Nobuhiko Okura, Arina Matsumoto, Idam Hermawan, Tetsu Yamashiro, Toshihiko Suzuki and Claudia Toma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:64

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Galleria mellonella larvae were infected with conidia of Aspergillus fumigatus and the cellular and humoral immune responses of larvae to the pathogen were characterized as invasive aspergillosis developed.

    Authors: Gerard Sheehan, Gráinne Clarke and Kevin Kavanagh

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:63

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  4. Content type: Methodology article

    The development of vaccines and evaluation of novel treatment strategies for invasive group A streptococcal (iGAS) disease requires suitable models of human infection that can be monitored longitudinally and a...

    Authors: L. E. Lamb, X. Zhi, F. Alam, M. Pyzio, C. L. Scudamore, S. Wiles and S. Sriskandan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:60

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Airway epithelium is the primary target for pathogens. It functions not only as a mechanical barrier, but also as an important sentinel of the innate immune system. However, the interactions and processes betw...

    Authors: Yinghua Li, Guangnan Liu, Jianquan Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong and Zhiyi He

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:58

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Avian β-defensins (AvBD) are cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMP) with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, chemotactic property, and low host cytotoxicity. However, their bactericidal activity is greatly ...

    Authors: Ming Yang, Chunye Zhang, Michael Z. Zhang and Shuping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:54

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  7. Content type: Database

    Recent research has provided fascinating indications and evidence that the host health is linked to its microbial inhabitants. Due to the development of high-throughput sequencing technologies, more and more d...

    Authors: Yorick Janssens, Joachim Nielandt, Antoon Bronselaer, Nathan Debunne, Frederick Verbeke, Evelien Wynendaele, Filip Van Immerseel, Yves-Paul Vandewynckel, Guy De Tré and Bart De Spiegeleer

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:50

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mice are a natural host for Rodentibacter (R.) pneumotropicus. Despite specific monitoring, it is still one of the most important infectious agents in laboratory animals. The objective of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Juliane Fornefett, Jaqueline Krause, Kristin Klose, Felix Fingas, Rayk Hassert, Laurentiu Benga, Thomas Grunwald, Uwe Müller, Wieland Schrödl and Christoph Georg Baums

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:45

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Brucella causes a chronic and debilitating infection that leads to great economic losses and a public health burden. In this study, we demonstrated the brucellacidal effect of heat shock mediated by the induction...

    Authors: Huynh Tan Hop, Lauren Togonon Arayan, Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo Reyes, Tran Xuan Ngoc Huy, Won Gi Min, Hu Jang Lee, Man Hee Rhee, Hong Hee Chang and Suk Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:44

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  10. Content type: Methodology Article

    Global warming has triggered an increase in the prevalence and severity of coral disease, yet little is known about coral/pathogen interactions in the early stages of infection. The point of entry of the patho...

    Authors: E. Gibbin, A. Gavish, I. Domart-Coulon, E. Kramarsky-Winter, O. Shapiro, A. Meibom and A. Vardi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:39

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  11. Content type: Research

    Staphylococcus aureus cell wall anchored Serine Aspartate repeat containing protein D (SdrD) is a member of the microbial surface component recognising adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMMs). It is involved in the ...

    Authors: Clement Ajayi, Espen Åberg, Fatemeh Askarian, Johanna U. E. Sollid, Mona Johannessen and Anne-Merethe Hanssen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:34

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Porcine tonsils are lympho-epithelial tissues, colonized by numerous bacteria and viruses, that act as a reservoir for both host-specific pathogens and zoonotic pathogens with a high potential of transmission ...

    Authors: Luis Carlos Pena Cortes, Rhiannon M. LeVeque, Julie Funk, Terence L. Marsh and Martha H. Mulks

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:35

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  13. Content type: Research article

    We and others have previously shown that alterations in the mammalian gut microbiome are associated with diet, notably early life exposure to a maternal high fat diet (HFD). Here, we aimed to further these stu...

    Authors: Ryan M. Pace, Amanda L. Prince, Jun Ma, Benjamin D. W. Belfort, Alexia S. Harvey, Min Hu, Karalee Baquero, Peter Blundell, Diana Takahashi, Tyler Dean, Paul Kievit, Elinor L. Sullivan, Jacob E. Friedman, Kevin Grove and Kjersti M. Aagaard

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:28

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), one of the main pathogenic bacteria involved in periodontitis, induces the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule − 1 (ICAM-1) and monocyte-endothelial cell adhesi...

    Authors: Wanyue Xu, Yaping Pan, Qiufang Xu, Yun Wu, Jiayu Pan, Jingya Hou, Li Lin, Xiaolin Tang, Chen Li, Jingbo Liu and Dongmei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:16

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The intracellular bacterial pathogen Legionella pneumophila proliferates in human alveolar macrophages, resulting in a severe pneumonia termed Legionnaires’ disease. Throughout the course of infection, L. pneumop...

    Authors: Xiaobo Yu, Rebecca R. Noll, Barbara P. Romero Dueñas, Samual C. Allgood, Kristi Barker, Jeffrey L. Caplan, Matthias P. Machner, Joshua LaBaer, Ji Qiu and M. Ramona Neunuebel

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2018 18:5

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Ustilago esculenta, a pathogenic basidiomycete fungus, infects Zizania latifolia to form edible galls named Jiaobai in China. The distinct growth conditions of U. esculenta induced Z. ...

    Authors: Yafen Zhang, Qianchao Cao, Peng Hu, Haifeng Cui, Xiaoping Yu and Zihong Ye

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:228

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that is recognized as a major cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Comparable to...

    Authors: Kristy Leker, Ivonne Lozano-Pope, Keya Bandyopadhyay, Biswa P. Choudhury and Marygorret Obonyo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:226

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Although plants produce many secondary metabolites, currently none of these are commercial antibiotics. Insects feeding on specific plants can harbour bacterial strains resistant to known antibiotics suggestin...

    Authors: Katarzyna Ignasiak and Anthony Maxwell

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:223

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Vibrio anguillarum is an extracellular bacterial pathogen that is a causative agent of vibriosis in finfish and crustaceans with mortality rates ranging from 30% to 100%. Mutations in ...

    Authors: Xiangyu Mou, Edward J. Spinard, Shelby L. Hillman and David R. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2017 17:217

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