Applied microbiology

Section edited by Stephen Forsythe and Marco Ventura

This section aims to publish studies relating to the application of microbiology, including environmental applications, soil degradation and bioremediation, food safety and degradation, and probiotics.

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  1. Research article

    Evaluation of trypan blue stain in a haemocytometer for rapid detection of cerebrospinal fluid sterility in HIV patients with cryptococcal meningitis

    Quantitative culture is the most common method to determine the fungal burden and sterility of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) among persons with cryptococcal meningitis. A major drawback of cultures is a long turna...

    Richard Kwizera, Andrew Akampurira, Tadeo K. Kandole, Kirsten Nielsen, Andrew Kambugu, David B. Meya, David R. Boulware and Joshua Rhein

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:182

    Published on: 22 August 2017

  2. Research article

    Environmentally triggered genomic plasticity and capsular polysaccharide formation are involved in increased ethanol and acetic acid tolerance in Kozakia baliensis NBRC 16680

    Kozakia baliensis NBRC 16680 secretes a gum-cluster derived heteropolysaccharide and forms a surface pellicle composed of polysaccharides during static cultivation. Furthermore, this s...

    Julia U. Brandt, Friederike-Leonie Born, Frank Jakob and Rudi F. Vogel

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:172

    Published on: 10 August 2017

  3. Research article

    The human jejunum has an endogenous microbiota that differs from those in the oral cavity and colon

    The upper half of the human small intestine, known as the jejunum, is the primary site for absorption of nutrient-derived carbohydrates, amino acids, small peptides, and vitamins. In contrast to the colon, whi...

    Olof H. Sundin, Antonio Mendoza-Ladd, Mingtao Zeng, Diana Diaz-Arévalo, Elisa Morales, B. Matthew Fagan, Javier Ordoñez, Philip Velez, Nishaal Antony and Richard W. McCallum

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:160

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  4. Research article

    Broad-range potential of Asphodelus microcarpus leaves extract for drug development

    Many plants have been used in traditional medicine for their antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiviral, antidiarrhoeal, analgesic, antimalarial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities.

    Amalia Di Petrillo, Antonella Fais, Francesca Pintus, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Ana M. González-Paramás, Vincenzo Piras, Germano Orrù, Antonello Mameli, Enzo Tramontano and Aldo Frau

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:159

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  5. Research article

    Community analysis of biofilms on flame-oxidized stainless steel anodes in microbial fuel cells fed with different substrates

    The flame-oxidized stainless steel anode (FO-SSA) is a newly developed electrode that enhances microbial fuel cell (MFC) power generation; however, substrate preference and community structure of the biofilm d...

    Nweze Julius Eyiuche, Shiho Asakawa, Takahiro Yamashita, Atsuo Ikeguchi, Yutaka Kitamura and Hiroshi Yokoyama

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:145

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Antioxidant properties, antimicrobial and anti-adhesive activities of DCS1 lipopeptides from Bacillus methylotrophicus DCS1

    The present work aims to investigate the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities as well as the potential of DCS1 lipopeptides produced by Bacillus methylotrophicus DCS1 strain at inhibition and disruption of bi...

    Nawel Jemil, Hanen Ben Ayed, Angeles Manresa, Moncef Nasri and Noomen Hmidet

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:144

    Published on: 28 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Tapping the biotechnological potential of insect microbial symbionts: new insecticidal porphyrins

    The demand for sustainable agricultural practices and the limited progress toward newer and safer chemicals for use in pest control maintain the impetus for research and identification of new natural molecules...

    Ana Flávia Canovas Martinez, Luís Gustavo de Almeida, Luiz Alberto Beraldo Moraes and Fernando Luís Cônsoli

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:143

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Assessment of Staphylococcus aureus along milk value chain and its public health importance in Sebeta, central Oromia, Ethiopia

    Staphylococcus aureus is one of the leading causes of gastroenteritis acquired from contaminated foods such as milk and milk products. However, such information is limited in Ethiopia....

    Yodit Ayele, Fanta Desissa Gutema, Bedaso Mamo Edao, Robel Girma, Takele Beyene Tufa, Tariku Jibat Beyene, Fanos Tadesse, Mesula Geloye and Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:141

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Trichoderma virens β-glucosidase I (BGLI) gene; expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae including docking and molecular dynamics studies

    Cellulose, a linear polymer of β 1–4, linked glucose, is the most abundant renewable fraction of plant biomass (lignocellulose). It is synergistically converted to glucose by endoglucanase (EG) cellobiohydrola...

    Gammadde Hewa Ishan Maduka Wickramasinghe, Pilimathalawe Panditharathna Attanayake Mudiyanselage Samith Indika Rathnayake, Naduviladath Vishvanath Chandrasekharan, Mahindagoda Siril Samantha Weerasinghe, Ravindra Lakshman Chundananda Wijesundera and Wijepurage Sandhya Sulochana Wijesundera

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:137

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Whole genome sequencing analyses of Listeria monocytogenes that persisted in a milkshake machine for a year and caused illnesses in Washington State

    In 2015, in addition to a United States multistate outbreak linked to contaminated ice cream, another outbreak linked to ice cream was reported in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. It was a hospital-...

    Zhen Li, Ailyn Pérez-Osorio, Yu Wang, Kaye Eckmann, William A. Glover, Marc W. Allard, Eric W. Brown and Yi Chen

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:134

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  11. Research article

    In vitro assessment of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10 for its potential use in the food industry

    Selection of a microbial strain for the incorporation into food products requires in vitro and in vivo evaluations. A bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacterium (LAB), Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10, isolated fro...

    Sahar Abbasiliasi, Joo Shun Tan, Fatemeh Bashokouh, Tengku Azmi Tengku Ibrahim, Shuhaimi Mustafa, Faezeh Vakhshiteh, Subhashini Sivasamboo and Arbakariya B. Ariff

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:121

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Investigation of optimum ohmic heating conditions for inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes in apple juice

    Control of foodborne pathogens is an important issue for the fruit juice industry and ohmic heating treatment has been considered as one of the promising antimicrobial interventions. However, to date, evaluati...

    Il-Kyu Park, Jae-Won Ha and Dong-Hyun Kang

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:117

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  13. Research article

    Diversity, in-vitro virulence traits and antifungal susceptibility pattern of gastrointestinal yeast flora of healthy poultry, Gallus gallus domesticus

    Poultry farming and consumption of poultry (Gallus gallus domesticus) meat and eggs are common gastronomical practices worldwide. Till now, a detailed understanding about the gut colonisation of Gallus gallus dom...

    Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Nawal Kishor Sharan, Bharat Prasad Baral, Deependra Hamal, Niranjan Nayak, Peralam Yegneswaran Prakash, Brijesh Sathian, Indira Bairy and Shishir Gokhale

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:113

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  14. Research article

    Transposon insertion sequencing reveals T4SS as the major genetic trait for conjugation transfer of multi-drug resistance pEIB202 from Edwardsiella

    Conjugation is a major type of horizontal transmission of genes that involves transfer of a plasmid into a recipient using specific conjugation machinery, which results in an extended spectrum of bacterial ant...

    Yang Liu, Yanan Gao, Xiaohong Liu, Qin Liu, Yuanxing Zhang, Qiyao Wang and Jingfan Xiao

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:112

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  15. Research article

    In vitro and in vivo antagonistic activity of new probiotic culture against Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens

    Genus Clostridium accompanies more than 200 known species and at least 30 among them are associated with human and animal diseases. At the moment, the treatment of clostridial infections is based on use of antibi...

    Nataša Golić, Katarina Veljović, Nikola Popović, Jelena Djokić, Ivana Strahinić, Igor Mrvaljević and Amarela Terzić-Vidojević

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:108

    Published on: 6 May 2017

  16. Research article

    Colonization patterns of Enterococcus cecorum in two different broiler production cycles detected with a newly developed quantitative real-time PCR

    Although Enterococcus cecorum (EC) infection is one of the most important bacterial diseases in modern broiler chickens today, many aspects of epidemiology and pathogenesis are still unknown. There is a need for ...

    Arne Jung, Henning Petersen, Lydia Teske and Silke Rautenschlein

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:106

    Published on: 5 May 2017

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