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Table 3 Prevalence of Blastocystis and its association with age, sex, hematologic parameters and gut microbiota in FACSA and UNEME cohort

From: Prevalence of Blastocystis and its association with Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio in clinically healthy and metabolically ill subjects

  FACSA Blastocystis UNEME Blastocystis
no carriers carriers no carriers carriers
Age, median IR 20 (18–21) 20 (19–21) 52 (47–61) 57 (46–64)
Sex, n(%)
 Male 35 (51.4) 33 (48.5) 6 (40.0) 9 (60.0)
 Female 71 (53.7) 61 (46.2) 23(33.3) 46 (66.6)
Normal 60 (54.0) 51 (45.9) 1(14.2) 6 (85.7)
Overweight/obesity 46 (51.6) 43 (48.3) 29 (34.5) 49 (63.6)
Place of residence
Urban 89 (83.93) 81 (86.17) 11 (37.93) 16 (29.09)
Rural 17 (16.04) 13 (13.83) 18 (62.07) 39 (70.91)
Hematic Biometry
 Leukocytes/mm3 6.59 ± 1.54 6.64 ± 1.59 7.53 ± 1.40 7.59 ± 1.69
 Total Lymphocytes/mm3 2 (1.7–2.5) 2.2 (1.8–2.7) 2.3 (1.9–2.7) 2.4 (2–2–7)
 Total MXD /mm3 0.5 (0.4–0.6) 0.5(0.4–0.6) 0.35 (0.2–0.5) 0.5 (0.3–0.7)*
 Total Neutrophils /mm3 3.91 ± 1.27 3.92 ± 1.28 4.63 ± 1.16 4.73 ± 1.45
 Platelets/mm3 257.51 ± 51.05 242.40 ± 51.55* 280.13 ± 67.68 270.07 ± 70.44
Microbiota
 RAUF 1.4 (0.80–2.8) 0.26 (0.05–0.7)* 2.1 (1.2–4.9) 1.7 (0.63–2.2)
 RAUB 0.88(0.28–2.1) 0.78(0.47–1.3) 1.06(0.35–1.9) 1.2(0.65–3.6)
 Ratio F/B 1.3(0.5–8.2) 0.23(0.02–1.6)* 2.4(1.2–6.1) 0.88(0.31–2.5)*
  1. IR Interquartile Range, n Number, % Percentage, mm3 Cubic millimeter, RAUF Relative abundance units of Firmicutes, RAUB Relative abundance units of Bacteroidetes, F/B ratio Firmicutes/Bacterioidetes, Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test, x2 Chi-square test
  2. *p < 0.05