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Table 1 Literature review on the pathogenicity of different fungi among handle, saddle and air specimens

From: Characterization of fungal communities on shared bicycles in Southwest China

Comparison Species Guild Year (reference) Affected area/disease Positive ratea Age (year)/ gender Risk factors
(H & Z) > A Aspergillus pseudoglaucus Animal Pathogen 1989 [13] maxillary sinus .. 51/male prolonged exposure to grain dust
    2012 [14] skin(2), nail(3)/CAS 5/178 .. ..
H > (Z & A) Aureobasidium melanogenum NA 2019 [14] lung .. 79/male contaminated bagpipe
    2016 [15] face .. 46/male NA
    2011 [16] blood/fungemia .. 11/male PLE, lymphopenia
(H & Z) > A Kazachstania pintolopesii NA 1987 [17] oral/Leukoplakia 1/36 .. ..
H > (Z & A) Filobasidium magnum NA 2011 [12] nasal cavities .. .. acute lymphoblastic leukemia
    2020 [18] shoulder .. 68/male Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
    2018 [18] vaginal discharge .. 23/female intra-uterine device
    2019 [19] ear/otomycosis .. 35/female ear canal trauma
(H & Z) > A Candida tropicalis Animal Pathogen-Endophyte-Undefined Saprotroph 2007 [20] oral/Candidiasis 6/47 .. cancer
    2019 [21] vagina/Candida vaginitis 35/197 .. ..
    2011 [22] chorion .. 28/female pregnancy,cervical cerclage
    2020 [23] skin/ Granuloma .. 57/male lymphocytopenia
(H & Z) > A Malassezia globosa Animal Pathogen-Endophyte-Undefined Saprotroph [24].. skin .. .. Excessive sebum secretion
    2014 [25] oral .. .. ..
    2015 [26] nasal vestibule .. .. ..
  1. H Handle, S Saddle, A Air, NA No data available
  2. a: The detection rate in the corresponding disease specimens. CAS Clinical Aspergillus strains was further identified by sequencing, PLE Protein Losing Enteropathy