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Table 5 Correlation between stool patterns and plasma and fecal fatty acids

From: Stool pattern is associated with not only the prevalence of tumorigenic bacteria isolated from fecal matter but also plasma and fecal fatty acids in healthy Japanese adults

  Structure n Unit Median Interquartile range Stool status pattern
1 2 3
Plasma
 Lauric acid C12:0 221 μg/ml 1.8 (1.2 to 2.7) 0.02   −0.05 −0.05
 Myristic acid C14:0 223 μg/ml 21.4 (16.4 to 28.8) −0.09   0.03 − 0.07
 Palmitic acid C16:0 223 μg/ml 668.7 (594.6 to 749.7) −0.07   0.06 −0.04
 Stearic acid C18:0 223 μg/ml 227.3 (203.3 to 259.3) −0.07   0.07 −0.03
 Arachidic acid C20:0 223 μg/ml 8.9 (7.8 to 10.0) −0.11   − 0.06 − 0.05
 Behenic acid C22:0 223 μg/ml 21.7 (18.9 to 24.9) 0.00   −0.02 − 0.03
 Lignoceric acid C24:0 223 μg/ml 19.4 (0.8 to 22.8) 0.03   −0.02 −0.02
 Total saturated fatty acids   223 μg/ml 969.9 (862.4 to 1092.5) −0.07   0.06 −0.04
 Oleic acid C18:1n-9 223 μg/ml 568.6 (485.6 to 659.0) −0.11   0.10 −0.01
 Eicosenoic acid C20:1n-9 223 μg/ml 4.2 (3.5 to 5.3) −0.16 * 0.06 0.00
 5,8,11-Eicosatrienoic acid C20:3n-9 217 μg/ml 2.4 (1.5 to 3.2) −0.05   −0.03 0.07
 Erucic acid C22:1n-9 48 μg/ml 1.2 (1.1 to 1.3) −0.04   −0.04 − 0.12
 Nervonic acid C24:1n-9 223 μg/ml 36.1 (1.6 to 42.2) −0.03   0.04 −0.10
 Total n-9 fatty acids   223 μg/ml 610.7 (514.5 to 701.9) −0.12   0.10 −0.01
 Palmitoleic acid C16:1n-7 223 μg/ml 48.7 (38.1 to 60.7) −0.10   0.04 −0.08
 Linoleic acid C18:2n-6 223 μg/ml 956.8 (846.0 to 1111.3) −0.02   0.05 −0.02
 γ-linolenic acid C18:3n-6 223 μg/ml 8.9 (5.8 to 12.9) −0.06   −0.03 0.04
 Eicosadienoic acid C20:2n-6 223 μg/ml 7.2 (6.1 to 8.4) −0.10   0.01 0.02
 Dihomo-gamm-linolenic acid C20:3n-6 223 μg/ml 38.7 (29.8 to 46.1) −0.07   −0.05 0.05
 Arachidonic acid C20:4n-6 223 μg/ml 214.8 (184.5 to 249.7) 0.03   0.05 −0.01
 Docosatetraenoic acid C22:4n-6 223 μg/ml 4.8 (3.9 to 5.8) 0.04   0.03 0.06
 Total n-6 fatty acids   223 μg/ml 1234.0 (1104.4 to 1389.5) −0.01   0.03 −0.01
 Myristoleic acid C14:1n-5 221 μg/ml 1.2 (0.8 to 1.8) −0.08   0.02 −0.10
 α-linoleic acid C18:3n-3 223 μg/ml 22.3 (16.7 to 30.0) −0.14 * 0.03 −0.08
 Eicosapentaenoic acid C20:5n-3 223 μg/ml 65.9 (43.5 to 98.6) −0.12   − 0.01 −0.12
 Docosapentaenoic acid C22:5n-3 223 μg/ml 16.5 (0.8 to 21.7) −0.03   0.02 −0.05
 Docosahexaenoic acid C22:6n-3 223 μg/ml 137.4 (6.4 to 173.7) −0.04   0.03 −0.10
 Total n-3 fatty acids   223 μg/ml 236.4 (152.2 to 301.9) −0.10   0.03 −0.11
 Mono fatty acids   223 μg/ml 660.3 (560.4 to 756.6) −0.12   0.10 −0.03
 Polyunsaturated fatty acid   223 μg/ml 1482.0 (1292.1 to 1667.6) −0.05   0.05 −0.07
 n-3/n-6 fatty acids   223   0.18 (0.13 to 0.24) −0.10   − 0.01 −0.12
 Total fatty acids   223 μg/ml 3093.9 (2749.6 to 3512.7) −0.07   0.07 −0.05
Fecal
 Formate C1:0 58 mol/g 2.66 (0.83 to 4.59) 0.17   −0.10 −0.07
 Acetate C2:0 161 mol/g 57.41 (44.66 to 67.12) −0.06   0.09 0.06
 Propionate C3:0 161 mol/g 16.40 (11.59 to 23.96) −0.30 ** 0.15 0.00
 Lactate C3:0 19 mol/g 0.08 (0.03 to 0.30) 0.04   −0.08 0.44
 Isobutyrate C4:0 161 mol/g 1.57 (0.95 to 2.19) 0.21 ** −0.11 −0.15
 Butyrate C4:0 161 mol/g 10.30 (6.59 to 17.52) −0.07   0.06 −0.01
 Succinate C4:0 143 mol/g 0.18 (0.09 to 0.34) −0.21 ** 0.05 0.09
 Isovalerate C5:0 161 mol/g 1.01 (0.57 to 1.50) 0.27 ** −0.12 −0.14
 Valerate (Pentanoate) C5:0 160 mol/g 1.36 (0.66 to 2.06) 0.15 * −0.03 −0.08
 Hexanoate C6:0 161 mol/g 0.06 (0.02 to 0.28) 0.32 ** −0.07 0.06
 Total SCFA   161 mol/g 97.02 (72.12 to 116.97) −0.13   0.11 0.03
  1. Statistical analysis was performed by Spearman’s correlation analysis. The statistical significance p value is indicated as follows: if p < 0.05, single asterisk (*); if p < 0.01 double asterisk (**). If the results presented a positive correlation, the participants with higher adherence to each stool patterns mean to relate higher plasma and fecal fatty acids (conversely, a negative correlation indicates that they mean lower it)