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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of the study population divided by puberty stages

From: Gut microbiota: effect of pubertal status

  Younger children (5-8 years-old) Pre-puberty Early puberty Middle puberty Late puberty P value
N (n) 18 24 18 14 15  
Age (years) 6.81 ± 0.74 9.53 ± 1.05 10.76 ± 0.95 10.85 ± 1.41 11.40 ± 1.05 < 0.001
Gender (male%) 66.7% 66.7% 77.8% 35.7% 13.3% 0.001
Height (cm) 124.64 ± 7.55 139.16 ± 8.05 148.35 ± 8.06 149.64 ± 9.84 149.06 ± 6.50 < 0.001
Weight (kg) 30.02 ± 9.17 47.00 ± 15.46 56.83 ± 12.53 55.55 ± 15.77 49.45 ± 12.18 < 0.001
BMI (kg/cm2) 18.98 ± 4.27 23.74 ± 5.61 25.53 ± 4.21 24.28 ± 4.31 22.12 ± 4.26 0.001
BMI-Z 1.47 ± 1.96 2.26 ± 1.61 2.26 ± 1.08 2.19 ± 1.02 1.55 ± 1.21 0.256