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Table 1 Distribution of resistance phenotype among MRSA isolates in 2016–2017

From: Antibiotic resistance and typing of the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones in Kuwait hospitals, 2016–2017

Resistance phenotype 2016 (N = 2305) 2017 (N = 2421) Total (N = 4726) p-value
No. % No. % No. %
PG 2118 92 2363 98 4481 94.8  
GM 763 33 775 32 1538 32.5  
KM 974 42 992 41 1966 41.6  
EM 912 40 800 33 1712 36.2 ≤ 0.05
CC(I) 435 19 366 15 801 16.9 ≤ 0.05
CC(C) 404 18 365 15 769 16.2 ≤ 0.02
CM 290 13 376 16 666 14.1 ≤ 0.05
TET 832 36 943 39 1775 37.5  
TP 861 37 835 35 1696 35.8  
RF 12 0.5 10 0.4 22 0.46  
FA 1178 51 1324 55 2502 52.9  
CIP 854 37 835 35 1689 35.7  
MUP(L) 189 8 221 9 410 8.6  
MUP(H) 87 3.7 59 2.4 146 3.1 ≤ 0.05
  1. Abbreviations: PG penicillin G, Gm gentamicin, Km kanamycin, Tet tetracycline, Em erythromycin, CC (I) induced-resistance clindamycin, CC (C) constitutive-resistance clindamycin, Tp trimethoprim, RF rifampicin, Fa fusidic acid, CM chloramphenicol, Cip ciprofloxacin, MUP (H) mupirocin high- level resistance, MUP (L) mupirocin low- level resistance