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Table 4 Binary logistic regression analysis of virulence-associated genes as predictor of resistance to various antibiotic agents

From: Significant association between genes encoding virulence factors with antibiotic resistance and phylogenetic groups in community acquired uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates

  Resistance to antibiotic agents
Azithromycin Amoxicillin Imipenem Gentamycin Ciprofloxacin Cefotaxime Fosfomycin Cephalexin Ceftazidime Ceftriaxone Nitrofurantoin Cotrimoxazole
OR p OR p OR p OR p OR p OR p OR p OR p OR p OR p OR p OR p
ompA 4.919 0.010 3.386 0.151 0.000 0.999 0.493 0.201 2.012 0.253 2.010 0.197 0.872 1.000 6.493 0.002 2.791 0.092 1.612 0.392 2.406 1.000 0.816 0.745
fimC 0.313 0.753 1.504 0.498 0.000 0.995 1.726 0.080 0.563 0.039 0.482 0.008 0.233 1.000 0.377 0.003 0.616 0.074 0.457 0.005 0.342 0.045 0.648 0.136
irp2 1.618 0.850 0.000 0.995 0.000 0.995 0.672 0.240 1.348 0.363 1.052 0.862 0.456 1.000 0.724 0.360 0.839 0.559 1.254 0.455 1.111 0.857 0.876 0.668
malX 0.939 0.855 1.842 0.457 0.000 0.999 4.700 0.000 5.170 0.000 1.609 0.118 0.000 0.994 0.878 0.736 2.235 0.011 2.058 0.017 3.121 0.996 0.764 0.425
papC 0.301 0.673 26.00 0.000 2.344 1.000 1.427 0.483 0.189 0.000 0.756 0.486 0.027 1.000 1.496 0.344 0.610 0.204 0.970 0.942 0.000 0.995 1.164 0.732
Sfa 0.514 0.041 0.115 0.001 0.79 1.000 0.151 0.001 0.697 0.287 0.584 0.115 3.208 0.993 0.752 0.478 0.523 0.053 0.600 0.137 0.000 0.997 0.578 0.094
hlyA 1.887 0.033 1.711 0.482 1.167 0.994 1.643 0.140 2.651 0.002 1.348 0.370 2.166 1.000 3.433 0.003 1.246 0.478 1.493 0.221 0.000 0.996 0.875 0.676
  1. OR odds ratio, p p-value; Bold p: Significant association (p ≤ 0.05) was shown by binary logistic regression analysis; When p ≤ 0.05, then OR > 1 means that virulence associated gene is introduced as predictor of resistance to antibiotic agent, but OR < 1 means that virulence associated gene is a predictor of susceptibility to antibiotic agent